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VOL. V. 



.IlLV s TO |)i:( KMhKH :{0. Isti-j. 






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No. l»i. SATURDAY. JILV h. 1*u. 

CONTENTS. 



ftau 
I 

in 
1)1 



Leading Article ItoyiU Aiifln.rt 

"Among my Books." l>y Mi. W. O. WhI.i-h 
Poem •• The U/illml of Ih.' Itim.'liy Mr. WlllUiii .Slmn. 
The Arabian Nlghta In French 
The Troubleaome Ralffne of King John, l-y ^^ 
Mr. Kri-iliTii-k S. Hoic ~ 

Reviews - 

Thf I.i»>Hs<m of I'opul'ir Oovi-riinifiit •• 

Atiiiitic Stiulifs. HrliKioiisiiml .SiK-iiil " 

A Hi.Htory of Kii({li»li Koiimiiliiisin in thf KiKlil.-.tith ^^ 

Century 

By mil's U-ttfi-^ nndJonmnU. Vi»l. Ill ' 

A Dirlioniiry of UritUli Folk I»rf ^ 

Mon K.'Kiini>iil Riwtf ^ 

Literary Mollis in Iri'lmul J 

Rfiiiini,s(<-n«<'s of till' Kingof Uoiiiimniii >• 

The J<'«iiit!« . , , , 1,, 11 

LiwDriKliKw (Ic U ( oiii|«Knlo do J*»u»-S«lnt Ignnllu* of U)jol« 1". II 

Oth«p N«w Books - 

Allr..illli.'(irciit Sir I'aul IMndnr and Other IMny;. lim.r.—i.,n. 
of Am.rlcn-Tw.lvo Month., in Kloixllko —Soclnl l'ha».-> of 
Kiluinlion -Clmirtr H.riuirtl The Life of Sir Jcwoli l'n;-l wirh 
Tho friiin-of .XmivClnplnlrH-C. H. Si.iin{.-on -. .\iilotil.«r,.i.li) ■ 
Vol III -Ouldr HiK.k*-.\ii Inlnxlurlloii to Ihu Hfui H-miU. of 
H<H>ki>r< K,<ilcsla>llinl I'ollty Tho Hlston" of SI. Viii.i.iii jl.- 
I'luil - The I'ri.il of thri-t - IC<Hk'«l<iHi.-. Thr Kpl»;ln lo i h.- 1 ii.ln- 
tUiiw Tl.o II.'tir..w Text of Iho Old Ti".t.uii.Mil -1 l.f I'm v. hn.iim 
Hlblo-IlUmnr.k -Oxfonl KoKlish Dlotlonnrv-Th.- W hli.-l.i>ll 
Shiikosixaro TIk' Kvorxl.'y Slmki'siwiirv Tho ^ ";';l''r'">,.,"', , ,. 
(•mitliii- Milltnrism nnd Moduni Society 11. IJ. l.t. II. l.> 

Flotlon— 

SlliMuo Ki»rni-Thi' «>I>1 Dominion -In Iho Klna." Knvoiir-HnlMorK 
of tlir Wii^to Flori/j'lV Kollv In Ihii Slm.low of Ihi- ( niwn - 
I Them i>nd thti (>th<>r (Inc-Tho Sp«n o' Llfu-TlH- I'ro<liii«l » 
lirothrr The .\rm of Iho l*rd-A I'miix-r .Mlllioniiiri-- Ui 
Ali'KrIndeM'ftliitiin HUmt i). Jl 

Foreign Letter— France '■*• 

Dlckena MSS — 

From the Magaaines.— H -* 

Obituary- M. Vi(U)r C'lu-rliulioz -Sir Williiun Floui-r 31. 'Si 
Correspondence •• Tlio ymwtlo dc Aqmi ul Temi " «.Mr. I'lMfi-l 
ToynlK'O " I'friH'liml Coiiyrinht " -i 

Notes 2. :i. IS. 10. 3. 

Authors and Publishers -'^. ^ 

List of New Books and Reprints ■?* 



ROYAL AUTHORS. 



Raphael Hythlmlaye declareil in n wide j^en.-e that 
" philosophye haddo no place amon;;e Kinjjes." Matten^ 
have so far altered that the practice of literature i.-* a 
fashionable amusement with Royal i>ersonai;es nowftda\>. 
It would indeeil be no small uiidertnkini; to brin^ llomce 
WaliKjle'a famous catalojjue of Royal and noble authom 
..„ *.> ,i™f.. W'.. l>nvu ni->t n« vpf lip;inl that the Sultan of 



the .lounijil of our l^fr iii tlir liii;>)len<l> " •«•• Uiti 
every loy»l nubjrct, »ii<l ••• 'l«> «>••* <l«^|«if of m 
i.ix|»Mii»y mliti-m of Ihnu •»l»rrt»>«l "U*- <Uj 
"Uburbnii dri»i*(nt;-r"»»fa« «'•• (ain»li»f ■•lb Ibr eiil 

tb«' nU^'ltat Iwly tibo lUtmttn lo \m- kl>"«ll *• < 

Svbft. and tli«' library ;;l»iJly «»»«-• b'>««^r'»*ii 
colU-clion of iCtiiimninii folk-««>iii{« m\t%fU 'U- ii»«j>i»' 
Crown I'rimr o( Urtly »a» cinijin«t««>li»lly sniK.u 

coUpb' of Vfnr« m;o, to bi»*«' <i>ll>j>lrtr»l • vrf» I 

no\fl. tbouj{li i%» yl II" J«ubli«b«-f (.*• inatuicnl t< 
it. The lablr of . ont»Mil« of one at l«TMt <>f our itv« 
i.H fuiiiilinr »itb tli«" i»ain«' of tbr- King of * 
NiilHibon III. wtotf l>o«>k» enough U> rtililU 
Kri'iiiii rri'xidfiit* to lit^rmry •trniity. Tb- • 
Ru.snia and tin* <nTin»n Kin|irror bold lliat tb*" < 
mii^btier than tbr \»-n, niid tb«Mr in€ur»ion» into III 
ba\f Ih^'U b-*! by Ibfir iikwI faithful •ubj«^t». «» i 
to Ix" tlif ca««' with tlie •• iyrnnl cry " of i<f )>*ni <" 
Lion. IVrbap* tbi» i«. on tb»> wbok, tbr hmw <I 
courjie for a '• ^n-nt war lord," who b»» but •mall 
of making a name iii lit»-mtur«« in <Uy« when IIh" \ 
of ijovernm«'nt involvr* no much tini«» •nil wi ntany i 
of dothiiiK. N^ •• arr «•< u«totn"| In lacn<>nt tb" 
whom want of i-tlumtion b«.« krjit inut»' and ingU^ 
i.M at l»'a.«t f-itmlly iwnsibli* that a Tenny«on or a Tin 
b<irn in tin- ptiqiln. might m»ver find time to |« 
than a sarca.»tic letter or dome rlcgant - 1 « •'' 
.Iam«>s I. ajxilogitoHl for the trifling na:nr«« of hi« [» 
the pb>a of " affairejt and fa-'h^ne." aildin.;. *M «« 
hut at stoUen mom»'nt« ha\e I lh«» l«i»ur«« to Mrt 
anv |4i{>««r. and y«H not that, with frrr and un»«r.i 
It is. i>»>rhn|«!«. to .ome »mh r«M«n tlial ' 
loyally attribute the fart that no Royal author lk« 
in modem time*. n.hierr.| any vrry armt th 
literature. Tlie .^ionnot. of Manr liue«.n of S 
instance, which Mr. S. R. C.arlinrr ba« ja»t b«« 
for the private pn^s of Mr. iMniel. hold qait«» a 
plac amongst Royal j^try of the pa.t thrw' c 
It is true that they lalx>ur ond^r tb*- double di«*l 
of not l>eing sonnet.* and not. rtrittly. tho tvandi 
t»Ufen Mary. We havo no dosire h'TP to rnt^-r c 
highly dilvateable groun.l of the a«tbeati«ity of lb 
Ix'tten*. amongjit which th««ie «onn«'t.« wrn« found, 
we tn.-vv remark that Mr. lianfiner would not br 1 



LITERATURE. 



[•1 




Kroltit to Rtithwrl bcftur Itit wmri»g« villi him" b»v»« 
Utellv {irrulird. ami thf ro|>in of tiifin whith we now 
!■■•"•"• •w trm»Utii»nii fr<>in the Scutti«h xvrnion which 
<»*•«>:«' Hut Ji»ii«n rx^«w^^| to tlic Kixjrn of hi* hanl-ht^ml 
WW>« fxmnUvinrn in th.« •• IVt^ti..." NoJ»<¥lv knows 
what Krt^mo of gm^n .M«rv'» |.nHiou» autograph*, but 
thtf* t» A »hn^(i tuwiiicion that h«»r mh, who vet up for 
• j:o(«l jmlc«» of |iorlrv. liid nuoy with them from 
Utrtarr ami other motive*. Thus it u lianilv fair 
to jodgr of .Marr'« ja^tioal ahilitien from the honnet* 
whirli \*t* umSer her name, ami which, an Hill Burton 
2««Bini out, are n<»t lionnet!. at all. but "a wntinuous 
. cut up bv th* t^an^lator or e«litor info )iiei-e« of the 
aicd length of the M.nnet. but without entire cuivewi, 
the whole «a« not divisible by fourti-en, and the 
tart t>( the Mnnett containii only tis linen." All thew 
•lj«>rtion* will no «loubt be t-omjietcntlv handled by .Mr. 
(farxiiner : yet it remain* true that .Mary'n verxett are 
"■wkable. even amongft Mnnet-secjuenees, for " the 
titrrr fc-rvenoy «.f their ]iani.ioimtenet)ii." That quality 
pT« them a i«-ominent place nmon>.>t the productiouB of 
Koral jwn-i, which, a* a rule. h«ve more of the literary 
trifli- than of the lyrical cry in their nature. To find n 
KoT*F author who could, like Mary Stuart, hear the Mu-^e 
•T " 1.00k in thy heart an«l write " we have to go back 
t» "the ould ancient time.* of nil," and refer to David, the 
•twiT Kinp Kccle.«iajit. and .Marcus .\urelius. But every 
■efcoolboT known that the authorohip of David and 
Rolonon i.« open to grave suspicion nowndayf, and one is 
left with the Kmi)eror who taught how even in a palace 
book* might he written well as the only rival of (^ueen 
Mmy in the genuine fervour of his literary inspiration. 
n u an odd conjunction ; but such are the unexjjected 
frUow>hip« to be met in the by-|>aths of literature. 

fijbbon hint* that the literary toil of Marcus Aurelius 
w«» act ealirely consistent with "the dignity of an emiK-ror." 
George Buchaoan cerUinly felt justified in holding t^ueen 
Mmtj, the aonnetteer, up to the ridicule of her subjects : 
nd it •eemN to be the ca*e that he felt that sonnets were 
rtill more unworthy of the dignity of a (^ueen than a long 
poem, which a<ld« a plea.Mng touch to his literary cliaracter. 
A certain eminent critic of .lames I. wa* of opinion that, 
"•ioce writing of books haji grown into a trade, it is tm 
diicrediUble for a King to l>ecome an author a.s it would 
be (at him to be a practitioner in a jirofe«sion." It wr» in 
Qiv<en Klizabeth, of all our rulers, that this Old-World 
iteling that literature was l)en«atli the dignity of a 
SoTen-ign— e«iiecially of one who could sj^ll that word in 
M^n different »ay»— reached itf. highest develoj.ment. 
<hM- of the few <opi.M. of verses that Elizabeth i« known to 
Uw ix>m|io>etl was nearly the means of placing an 
iadurrert Ijuly of the Be.|.hamlM.r in the Tower. The 

in atl#»li>in. irfiifl. I',i«t..«l..~ .1 :■ . <. . 



Kliaabetli, it wema, had no intention 

" Honnet," but somehow it got out : th« 

»o. '• .My I^y WilJoughby," says Sir 

"«lid covertly get it on her Majestie'i 

much hazzanl in so doing ; for the Quee 

thief, and chid her for her spreading 

writing such toyes, when other matters 

employment at this time; and wa« 

thought too lightly of for so doing." It 

the ."^fuarti!, always a literary family, 

of "The King's Quair" downwards, tl 

Hoyahy a recognized place amongMt Kng 

France Ix)uis XI. and .Margaret of Na\ 

high resi>e<'tability to the art of litemt 

tions l>efore : in Gennany Kreiierick tl 

fashion of Hoyal authorship a century 

one is Impjiy to think that literatu 

fashionable for any .Monarch to dabh 

|>ersonftlly or by deputy, without feeling 

BiK)logize. When the small number of ! 

masterpieces is considered, it is ])erhaps n 

we modems have still to wait for a coniun 

The question raised the other nigl 

-MacNeill on the discussion of the Irish V 

of Commons is, of course, not one of e.x< 

concern. No doubt the grounds on 

unpublished jtaj^rs in the archives of ] 

grante<i or refused are (juite properly 

jwlitical considerations and " reason of 

may well be that in this instance the Chi 

the Ix)rd Lieutenant could make out a e 

case for that jwrticular exercise of his dis 

Mr. MacXeill has complained. To obtain 

nients— such, for example, a.s the stntemei 

made in past times to the Irish Kxecutii 

withheld from the public— in order to w 

(ierald Balfour remarked, not for the jmr] 

cal criticism but simply for publicatioi 

Nationalist Press, is certainly very like e 

privilege granted to the person so treating! 

the Chief .Secretary's defence of his subse 

l>ermission to .Mr.'.MacNeill to overhaul c 

of the same kind had stopped here, there 

be nothing more to be said. 

But the general princii)le which M 
cee<le<l to lay down as applicable to all sucl 
is certainly a little startling to the stud 
which he i)rofesses to draw between usin 
for the purjtoses of the " historian " and de» 
in the sjiirit of the " jwrtisan " is surely ont 
tice it would l)e found very difficult to "trace 
it would be l^ecomes at once aiijtarent when 
s])irit in which they have been, and were in 
be, use«l by at least one eminent writer 
access to them, the late Mr. Kroude. Tlmt 



July 8, 1899.] 



LITE RATI RR 



niid key till ttii* tim>' loinrn, if it ♦•vi-r <l<)^ ikiii**, vlim 
they cnn b«« jjiM-n with iittici/tl Hnnrtion to nil lli»' *"f|i|. 

No one could linv»« »'X|>«*ctMr if, iiii|f"l. nny oni- 
(lenireil- -to Hf<' thf liilfriiftlioiml rmi^r'-*" <>l NVi>iiii«ii 
iliM]MM'ni' without iliinixi-iiin tin- fvi-ri^rf*-!! iul>j«ft of " Imly 
jourimlisni." '1'Ihtv wn». iit nny ritt«', » i>lfn»iii;; ilir«-l«r»« 
in the oiH-niiii; mitlreni of tlir l>uiii»«»n of Suthi-rlniid, who 
hluiitly (Ifflnifd tlint it wnx Iwftfr to nrrnh tliKirn than lo 
writ** nonn«n»f, mill fX|>liii!HMl llmt l>y n">ii«rnin< mUr inr-unt 
IwrHonal tittlf-lnt tit" iiIm lilt ii-i.-hritifx. Tlii« i« nrlnur»M»« 
Riivicf, nn<l liitM tlic i'lii«'l lilnl in wnni'-n'-" jourimlnin. If 
tli»> I)iiclifsn'.s |iriiifi|il<' Wfif iirl»><| ii|Miii tiy nil olioni it 
conceiiiM, our tliMirs \kiiul<l Mliin<* like l>urni«lnil l'rn*», nml 
niuny ninlt", ns well ax fi-rnnli', jouninliiit» wouM !>•• inure 
likely to HutVer from lioiiHtMnniil's kiie«< thnn writer'" rrninp. 
Mrs. IiIa llarjHM- uni len-. |iin<'ti(-nl. Her dtateinenl that 
"not until wnmeii wt-re plnced in n |x>«iti'in i>f |><>wer nn 
the Precis could the world kiMW their real i>|>ii)ii>n i>ri 
the manifold i^'sin-H of the day" M-em" t<> re-'t on the 
daring; attumption that all wnmen are uf tlie ^nmt- mind 
on all suhjei'tc, whether they know anythinu alxmt them 
or not. The sentiment contril>ut«'<l to the delate by 
Mrs. .Mdeii, of the Xrir Vurl: Trihi' III" -'\hi\t the uindom 
of man is incomplete without tiie supplement of womnnly 
instinct— is to he found, supported liy reason* which she 
would assuredly repudiate, in an e-sny hy the wotnnn- 
liftter, Scliopt-nliauer. 

The death of }t\. Cherhulie/, while drawiii;; our 
attention to the e.xcellent work he did, alike a.s a critic and 
a novelist, may also serve to remind us how few eminent 
men of letters his country has jinMluced. .\Imo>t all the 
notable names in the literary liistoiy of French .Switzerland 
are those of distinj^'uislied stnini;<'rs. Tlie S»is< them- 
selve.s have seldom lieen inspire<l by the beauty of theii 
8Urroundini;s to anv real artistic excellence. The names 
of Kousseau and Sladame de Stnel ill the liutt, ami of 
Amiel. .Marc .Mounier, Cherbuliez, and .M. K.doiiard Kal 
in the present, century prailically complete the list. 
French Switzerland is, of course, a small country ; but 
ancient Athens was smaller, and the men of senilis 
who rtourisheil there were .Vthenians; while in mo<lern times 
our own " northern .\tliens " — also a city of no j;reat size 
— has furnished an array of liM-nl literary, nml artistic 
talent which (ieneva. I^usanne, Vevey, and Neuchntel 
together ha\e not rivalleil. 

It is nnnounceii that publishers anti book.sellers have 
at last come to an ajjreement which, they hi>|>«', will 
establish the book trade on a sound footinj;. The j.ri>- 
jiosal is that all books published at a higher price than 
.six shillint;s shall l>e net Inxiks, and that all book.sellers 
who allow discount on them shall lie boycottwi. The 
experiment is, no doubt, worth trying ; but it is not easy 
to be sauijuine of its success. It may me«'t the views of 
booksellers who do a reaily-tnoney trade ; but if will 
hni-dlv .satisfy those who are accustomed to Ixxik their 
orders, and render jM>riodical accounts in which the full 
published {)rice is charjjefi for everythin;;. These— unlesm 
they are able to charge something: more than the 



'Kcvicwe. 



The L>— on of Popular Oov«ram«at n^ O 
Bnidrord. Tw- \ -!• "I '.II tit W •!, . 
I.<fiul<.ii, l*««i. M«cauil*« 

Mr. Hra<lf»f>i i> « |«i/i.>(>. . lUiri, >,( M**t« 

who lia« ijeMrtnl hlMiM-lf, ilurllii; the |A4( O.i/tf 

•■(niiiinint; Ih" \miu>n» a*|«^l» -it tU'tU-fU ■!- 
rhiffly in Klit(Uiid, Kiaii'«", «t><l tK«> I'dilr*! '*Ci' 
Wp|l-prilltr<l and tnlrrr^lin;; toluii.o* iMntitf u« • 
a ;;"»i«l deal of •rfioijt alt.l iiir*il>-«li> a! • -V. u 
III a •riitlblc and by »'• tif«lia tlli!>rfal, ! < 

phi|iHMi|ihi>«l, •pint. Mr. |tra<lf»fd ••«! • -.-.i."-' 
InliOlir* of rrcrlil |)fn|n'<><M<iri In l!."" »•»«»■ K 

lilwrally than i» prudrnt. ••» tKi« •»'l«' ■•< «.*>•• MU 
nuthon who ilf-»irn |.. rank a« -xi^inal in%«-»«i*«'j 
think* not)iiii|< of nppropriadn^ a r</u|>b< <>f J«ajf' 
in "iimll ty|»-. •trait^ht "ui nf Iv T'^-'jH"!!!*. I 
Hrvie, T'«ld, Kr«kine XlaT.Taitt'', l.*^k»,ai>'l •«'.'- 
wel!-kno«n ttriiT*, •l>''ti<-t<-r it tuit* hini. \l • 

"tfti^"' in hl« pri»^t»-«« li" ••^IU« In Ijlii' •!«•« nr 
" Kncv lo[«ii|iA ItritniittK ii,~ Aikd to !.«.•• f-xm-l 
nrticif* n. •• Fn;;Und.'' •• .««|«ifi," " I'.^tti^al.' - H 
'• Indiii "' a iK-rfift iniii«' of ra«ily Iratuf-ra^U- - 
diM-s he iIimUiii to I nil an '■•a*e>cval Mvt: -:. 
lively, thoui;li |iert>hab|p, itionlhly tnagaim'. II* 
avows that In- hno a<l.>ptni thi« pra<-ti.«' 

Kir«t. Ill ihn \v<\- "f ei>i)>c ST«^t»f itiH-*' « 

»lvl>'. nrxl •••oei'llv. l«.c«>i*» •!«." tl.»T > • . 'Atfv •»« 
•iimit<'>ii<<l »• iritiw*««t« aiol •»|«rt». l>»ir l«««iiifc 
•rK'nnixlitj) nn- murh m'>f<> f»»«iblo in Uiair .►•n •ur«i* 
itlxtract* which mmbl l«' •n»|»"-U«l ••( p«.j»lir» 

< >n the fimt of theiM" plr«» we rannol Injl ohi.^r 
variety of »tv|.>. to aro«i»r any iiilef>^t in lb" »»«>V 
••prini; nntiimllv fmni th«» fr»^ play of a •fil«'f'« r»w 
of thoiii;hf. I'ntihworW. ai.'ain. howMt-r p».tiif«-»j( 
its charm when the j«ilrti»-ii ar» t'»> lar i;»» *•, (»» i 
when Mr. Hmilf">nl lrent» hi« rra<f»'r» »■» mti' 
|>nnte<| imgi"*, of no ;;rrat inlrin»|r nH»til. w 
nwkwanlly tnin«lat»"«l from the Kri-n.-h of M. 
I^uny. <»n the ..> ond jilwi. wo •««:?■-•« ii-*i ' 
extract •hould not, a« a ml", do dnf y in lw> differ* 
of the same work ; that in ca*»'« wh»>n lhi« i« m"i' 
render's confid>>nc.- would !»• b*-*! fO«anr«l ty in«» 
two tmns*n|.l- alike; and that in any r^«-nt fh' 
wonis shi>uld lie gnen without atvKii'm'^t. ar.i 
usual indication of abrid;;n)ent i« gnet* *>n tb*> <•• 
citation. Now. there i« one ]««Mti;» in Mr. 
•• .\inericnn Commonwealth " which Mr. Hra<lfcwl • 
hold in hij;li %enerntion. l>e.aH«e it i;or», o» ratfvr j 
to go, to the root of the mnin .ji:e«tion <lrb«t«l in 
work ; and thi« jK«»«ni;e Mr. Ilnnlford .-••rlainly nt*^ t« 
jwrhajw oftener. In the text of t(.f {•^nc Mr I 
omits, on Iii.« fiml citation of it, thre.* wix>K aivl 
second, four liner". We !itipj.»M» the mo'TKvI on»i«< 
suggesterl bv a cl.xwr r'-mlmg of the {«<«ace. ^ *■ 
extmonlinnry a.«3>ertion« than that ointAin^H in 
pn»l<»bly ever l>een made in e-pially •enm:* |»»««- 
surely lio more extraonlirary rm««>n wa* •"»t fcVI 
pTi.Inn.ition of the allege.! fa<t than that •ninr'**'' 



UTERATURE. 



[Ju 



hanuui vwlam (uUo«f«l lli« rsiuuplf uf the c«>l<>hnit<><t 
«rrlittn-t wIh> t'Uilt a cufUv tvo-«taf«*y«Hi Iioum* luxi then 
dtwvvtvKi thml lie Wl ouiiUt^l tli<* ^tM^t'-«M>. Why tiiii 
not lUrm i>miu<>iit m};rr «di>|>t that Kimple and imtural 
mwiB* of co-unlituUin^. or cunciliatio);, the Kxtvutive Ami 
iKe L«-|^latarr which wa* |>n>vikii<(i in their model? Mr. 
Bryce'* aui>«er i». " Thrv could not atlo|>i it U'Cmum* thev 
dia DO* know td it* exintence." \Vf rub our eveu, and 
irooder whether «e are drviunin};. "Not know of the 
exi»tei»oe " of a Mstenj vhiihlay at the very r»)otoftlie 
diflereocr* bet«e<-n (ireat Hrit&in aiid her Anterii-an i.-olo- 
nie*? Surely the rajiid nuix-eikfion. between 1763 and 
1770, of the (irenxille cabinet, the fir*t Itockin^hani 
cmbiDet, the Chalhain oabinet, the Cira(\on cabinet, and the 
North raUuet, and the vacillating |K>licy which follower! 
from it, i» the key to the whole story of the revolt. Doubt- 
*laM both Mr. Ilryce ami .Mr. Hrndfortl have n-ml Burke's 
vpeech on .^nH•ncan taxation. Have lH>th of them failed 
to ire il« drift ? ('ontem|iorary .Americans hail reiul 
it to *ome |lur|l0^e ; and we have little doubt that the 
•* Father* " exclude«l the cabinet cyctem fr«»m the 
.\meriran (\Mihtitiition preci-iely l>ecause they knew iu* 
working; only too w«ll. They nimie np their mind:; to 
have an inde|iendent Kxecutive, reii{ioni<ible only to the 
people, not to the re|>re>entative Inxlies ; and the world 
know* the re»ult. 

Having convinced himHelf tlint the "Fathers" were 
unaware of the existence o( British cabinet govemment, 
Mr. Bryo'. on ahoM- lips .Mr. Bradfortl usually hangs with 
cfaiMlike truvtiulneiis, proceed* to exitlain this ignorance 
OQ their part. " They did not know of it because it wa« 
itill immaturv." Maturity and immaturity are matters of 
degree, and the immature i-an make itself known and felt 
Dot leM effectually and disagreeably than the iimtiire. It 
mature enough to produi-c a great deal of mischief. It 
mature enough to have produce*! a general sickness of 
it throughout the British Islands, not to s|«eak of the 
revolted .\merican colonif-s, alxiut the time when the 
" KaUaen " were in sessi<»n. But there are other reiuwins, 
it aeem*, why it escaj)e<l notice in the American colonies. 
" Englifhmen themselves ha<l not understood it." Why 
A •bouUl not know of a (act because B does not under- 
•iaad it |<uw e» our |ioor comprehension. But .Mr. Bryce's 
U«t rF«M)0, which Mr. Bradfonl |nys him the compliment 
of i>u|>prr>aing on hi« second citation, is the oddest of 
all:- 

Tl>«« in not ■ wiml in Hlackntone. much Iom in Mi>n- 
taai|tii«u, u U> tii* duty •■( Minister* to n<i.ii;n at thu hiiUlinf uf 
t^ Huwf ot t'ominnii*. Our aiiythiiif; tu luilicMte that thu whole 
lit* <•( the Hoii<« !•( Communi wan ileatiiieil to ci-ntr« in tho 
kwiWrvhip of Minitt«rs. 

Mr. Bradfonl, who shows more wisdom in omitting this 
pa**age tlian .Mr. Bryce did in writing it. elsewhere takes 
orcanton to show tliat he does not reganl Mr. Bryce as an 
infallible guide in the interpretation of .American institu- 
tions. Tb*" |H*puhir eh'ction of President, (iovemor, and 
yi»yor in the I'nited •'^tates he regards as n mystery which 
DO merely Kun>|>ean intellect is cajiable of |>enetniting. 
** Eten .Mr. Bry.-e ha* fnile"! to grasp it. and .Mr. Baijehot, 
OOP of the moKt sagociouji writers u|M<n the modem Knglish 
«JWrutiTe uiver. totallv misunderstands it." (ertainlv 



gone by when they could be oonoealed or ] 
somewlmt more than a i-entury of a CV)nsti 
t«i se«iire to its citizens the fullest jiossi 
lil>erty, the Anglo-American Federal liepu 
des)M>tically rule<i by a venal oligarchy, w 
a system so corru|>t and iliscredited that t 
ac a rule, refuse to be mixed u]> with it. ."■ 
elude tliat less than live jier cent, of the Ai 
lion stantl alxive the necessity of earning tl 
Mr. Bradford doubts whether more than I 
this five jier cent., or one four-hundrwlt 
))eople, care for anything but money, j 
money will buy, or reganl life as anythim 
ministering to )>ersonal needs and gratili 
ever this may l>e, it is certain that the vast 
and educated |>eo])le hold aloof, as well the 
naus<>ating cockpit of {lolitics. Vet they h 
if this attitude is maintained matters mu 
from IbmI tw worse ; an<l rei>ent events havt- 
signs of a worsening. The Federal Kepublii 
numlters among its citizens many thousiii 
ful, cultivated, and public-spirited men. 
are men of high distinction in scie 
letters — men who in this country, or 
Ciermany, would only have to lift uji theii 
an attentive hearing, and prolinbly an i 
numerous following. In America these ai 
units among seventy millions. They a 
crying in the wilderness; and, as might l>e 
is a want of unanimity among them as to 1 
the disease which is convulsing and exhau 
politic. Some condemn the ("onstitut 
Others, among whom Mr. Bradford tr 
believe that the Constitution is well enoii 
administered in the spirit which gave it 
great step towards amendment, in nis op; 
to get the various members of the Kxecuti 
as outsiders, on the floors of the Senat< 
Representatives, when they could be questi 
for themselves. This measure, which tl 
a<lmits of as it stands, he plausibly recoi 
thin end of the remedial we<ige ; he has ali 
the principle of perBonality, and believes 
incorruptible, reforming party leader will 
whom the tide of patriotic opinion will irre 
to the summit of power, to inaugurate a n< 
justice, sound public jtolicy, and political j 
advent of such an one the present gener 
under boss-rule, fervently prays, but i)rays, 
knows, in vain. Its players are none tUt 
l)ehalfof jwsterity. Exonare (iNqitU lu 
iiltor. Such is the key-note, somewhat hij 
Mr. Bradfonl's own reflections. .Man}' < 
sides of tiie Atlantic, believe that Americi 
will in due time naturally work itsel 
impurities, but that the change will con 
an<l certainly with no flourish of trumi>ets. 

We are suqirised and (lisap|X>inte<l to 

Bradford practically takes no notice of fiopi 

in the rest of the American continent. 
!>».„:..:,.« ...... 1. 1 . 1.. 1...... I ii. . 



July 8, 1899.] 



LITEHATURR 



liniUl niid lMirli«r<m* that it x-.-rnMl iiii|><>Mi)>l(> tKal thay .■.,•■1,1 
itioivtir ut ttll Ami y..t Mmico hw ahoitii iliatiixt •IK»« "< 
priiKrum in Um Inut twouly yoari, wdiU tn <'hil.., mIii Ii Km Uan 
(or iimay yo.nii u fair .xmm.l.i uf a wi.ll Koveri.wl MaIo, t)i<i 
uclvmitlirt.r wlm tri.-.l |.. i.vnrllin.w hnr iii<tltiitii>M> laxubml 
fiiicKrnhly hikI the laim- ..f oormtitiitioiial lil«rty ti itimphnl 

VVn MiipiMwc tlic lulvfiitiiriT ill i|iu-»li.iii iJt ItnlmtK'fiU, 
who, wluMi l'i«'Mii|fiit, ilfiliiicl lo .iiiri'liiirr lua rl;;lit« 
iiiidfr tilt- ('oimtilulioii, anil wum ovrrtliri>«ii l>v & •uiiiliiii*- 
tion including lti<« nriiiy, nH\y, Diiir. h, nixl ii|h»t «U«.^ 
pen«'rHlly. Tlifir iiitliu-in-i* lint micrfinli'il in iiii|Kniri(,' on 
tlw world i,MMiernlly tin- (•♦•liff tl>iil l)v thi« revolution ll.f 
<liUM«» of lih<nili-m w/»* iimt«-riiilly (idviiiic««<|. Tho«- who 
know ("hilf l)e-<t know tlijx vii-w to !)•• fnj.r, nnd l^lirvr 
tlint ti" lUm |)ri>lctnriiit ;,'iitlirrt <frrni;th tlir iltiv will rotn«' 
wtifn fho linttio will lie rou;,'lit ovit nuniti, |ioi.»ib!y with n 
very dirt'i-n-nt ntiilt. 

And if Mr. I'rHdfonr.i )-stiiimt<< of tin- S{tAiiiiiti 
Arncriciin jii-ojilcs ^'riifriilly ii.i lio|wlf.«'.|y .uiik at tlif 
date wIhmi tliry won tlu-ir indeiwndfiu-c in iiii 
ijjnorimt, hrutiil, itnd harlwrous condition U- mr«'|ili-d, it 
follows logically from tin- fxijitinj,' •.lute of idint;- Unit 
they have riimli' ^ilu•^• \H'J') more pro^^'re.xK, maicnallv, 
morally, and intellfctualiy.tlian any other naineaiiU-|^'rtiU|ii>f 
(•oniinuiiities of Kuro|H'an orii;in, not exceplini; tin- I'nitiil 
States. At every xtep. moreover, in their Hd\iinre thev 
have had to ovjTi'ome the o)>|xi->ition of a numeroiii, nctivi>, 
and well-or^aniited elergy. wiio have ie.«i!4t»'<l. inch l>v inch, 
every i>ro^'ressive measure, nnd who are res|M>n^iliU', exi-cnf 
in the cases of I'lirni'imy and rrii^'iiay. for tlirf*"- fourths of 
the revolutions wliicti have de.-olutcd Siiaiii-h .America. If 
Mr. Hradford were to pay a six months' vi>it to t'.iipno« 
Ayres his estimate of the South .\iiierican •' rctord " would, 
we think, ho greatly mo<liticd. 



AN EX-LIEUT, GOVERNORS SPECULATIONS. 



Asiatic Studies, Reli^ous and Soclai. Hv Sir Alft^d 
O. Lyall, K.O.B.. D.O.L. Tw.> vol-... n|..-.(ui., w. -.ic;: 
xiv. +:4i.'> pp. I>i>iulon, l$4K). Murray 18- 

Tho first of ttipsc two volnmos is i\ roprint of tlio will-kiinwn 
" Asiatic Stiulios " wliiih Sir .\Uri-<l I.yiill piil>li»h<i\ nonic 
sovontiM'ii yoars a):o. This wctIi at omo totik r.iiik aiin'iii; thi- 
most thoiightfiil anil ai thoritntivo roiitrilntion^ t<> th<> know!,-)!};!) 
of Indian rolipioiis anil social f|ii<'»tioiis, ami it is only niHosnry 
to uny that its ruappoaranot' will ln> waiinly wclconiftl ly inniiy 
who hnvo licon unaMo for some years poat to obtain a ropy of tho 
original edition. Tho sccuikI voliirao (with tl.o ixcrption of ono 
chnptiT traiiNfciTcil from thi> first scries) contnins a scl,'< ti..n 
from tho o».siiy.s en similar topics written t>y Sir .Mfrwl sini<' thi> 
puhlicntion of the fi rnier volume. They an- ilistin>;\iishc<l by 
thii same |>hilosophi( al hreiulth and thonf;litfMlMPsi th.it •Icvatcd 
the earlier essays far above the riick of ephemeral arti. le«, but 
{tsrhaps nothing in the sc-oml s<<rio« ipiite attniiia the lev.l of 
int<'rest exiitisl by the essays en rnst4< ami < n the Itajput elms 
in the earlier iMiok. The present essays an' more relii;ioii* than 
social, nnd the most striking;, to our miiul, are the thn'«" l»tt«-rs, 
WTitten in the character of an ortluslox hijjhly >HliicBt<'<l Hnihman, 
on the religious situation in India, ami the moral nn<l mati rial 
chnnpos that are beinj; intrixlucetl by Uritish rule. Tlio olil 
Brahman takes a characteristically jie-'aimistic view of th<- 
" progre.ss "' of India : — 



AilmiKIri^ ika ln>l'L*(riai |< m r«»i ih'A t^A •• »£% 
diutloiiy •• VaitutlMj HtuuArt " •fc.W lk*l llk> .1...' • 
trm<l« anl ' •.llitati-.fi U >mU<km| tyj itm tmv 

r»li^i,.<ui aiul n>',f*| |«i|icf» 

It •rritia I,, mo .(.rnttlcj Itc •|«Mt>-<a* »W« i *>. i 
t>> th<^ lUif. I«..ti .taMlltali-.h. It. ».«•{. iM«.t ft<a| 
(iiroKftn*; •If) ixH |«a.ti allt tbxli lt«r m«»i ihlttf a 
thai Kiif.flK Ifwitati* ••lu.alnt Ktakf y -it vf Vlawi I 
■ IkIiimI l.*ni»K (■.••fU ftiu it>la«^«««l>..,«> M» 
l^rtliiK rai'iill^. ui»Wf U>» 'bi<M» * ^i Um yn'.it. u^ 
»itb ..uf f»li,-i...i» <«l|a(i , (l.ej ■«„ lavm rA .^^ f. - 
lo tho i«..f,l<>, but, »t sny (•«•, iKtt |r«M..i*l Mt,* 
tallt* tl>*<>rtM •<( nrtMlixt atxl ••«i«l oUi(»l(^ « 

Tt-o KiiKiiah (itio-mnu nt K* Ik !.*«. i» i^ •>•«( ' 
»"mm (•ttbUtfo u> InilxiM m >«a.l),Mtifef ih-tit ate'*! ■ 

a nt'W foiitvUllon, aiw\ K« Ititl* IM< Mvtt b«i|. i» *f t 
llrahiitaii (;.«■• ofi (>. •U«l. m |t« tnKt«(i>; i^ -*' '>°^' <>• 
Mir ,\l(r»i i> fft- im •tlh iKr r>l)£<<„>* )« .f.W» i« iu.« 
In.llai, |>hiln«',pii.r, aivt i f • ™.!« I.. .ti<r>w< al - r^u)m*' 
Mr lUtfotir • •• K'.tiii.U|M>M .| t!«lM4 Tt— Ut 
at" full •'( i-nMratn; rili, lam, B«|««iM>«t. K^ w^ot. 
what billOT t,.„r •• I .an ^nif t»i'|«. ' ••y-t l>— 
Mrahiiisn, •■ lh.il Iha t-i.hanj, al .-if aiMf^lt*! (c-alvta 
iiinti'fial m>iiiil*,tiir«'« iiuy iM.t tm « ».>»l ml fnv <i 
lOiV'ilra amail «iyAi,t.> .. (. i . .., f<,i ... .j». .' .i^...\ . 
■uthttf iiati<-n " 

Til" leltT* . (I l,,„ ih». i..,i .,.1 jT- r'« -. r. ; 
un<loiibt<'<1ly thn ii'«>.t in.|<rt<iil ir> lh» !>••* Iw;« • 
|>orhu|<« piiritlr Ih" r^a'tT imakiilol tn Ba»<a| t:.pi«l r;- 
Sir \llre<l I,y«ir« ia«t of t!i"<isht la » %tif< ••■m>\> 
Inbyrinthiiii' fcr «h. a-' who o.r- i».t •• •■■tf^ft »« hii^M»ll i 
jOhI \Vf,.t>rn ph l..«>.pbi-« (H » m..»«. |..p<il>r -oUt »• 

• 'saasa on th<' rrlntiona l-tw..fi •H.air *ikI r.lljtoai Ir, I 
which »My nffi.-tiin iia« t.^a t*an minW ti4 tluf f» 
publii-nlioii. th- I'rltn.i Ii ,.'.>> In a r-<n. Itylmg . 
writer romb«l« |,«pri| I'lirton of Kntlra1i>n a »»••« •>«i ". 
of China, ami •iipp>'rts in a (nar<l«>l iruantKr <lh> 
i'<'ar*<'irs i>ptiii"n ihjt th«T«- may >"> tX^nfrt In ,ttilit«l 
future fri'iii tho •lffvi'ln|Miwtitx ■■i tkn tbIIow ra. • H» i> 
to think th»t. •hitlraii aiol lotlorvil a« I'liina ■•, •!>* aaai 
her ho'i«e in '-rfUr, atwl that th« mi.Utw >(•«• twK «m 
con< lu«ion th«t r*"' «»ot r*!*?-.!* are H:»p*«To.ff I*— > r»» . a> 
tioii, " atill lex (hat hi« pKn<r*l li.aary •• t" th* | 
in«t4i)>ility utTr tiuc Ih*- nilxr^hip •>< ra<«ia that .»niv4 ara 
is •hukri) " Ttip«' i»«««\ • < II <'h>n> »r» fill o^ irva 
lenriiiiii;, n«, im'cwil, rr«rythinj i« lK»l "'f MfT««l l.ral 
but one cannot hrip (r.l;n.- that h« i« r-A •« at-vh in 
country ui tnatini; of tht> tar YjuX aa h» la ahMt t» i« 
with the Ifvl:a he ktiowa 'O wvll. 

T1>e wame frolmi; an««a with rofanl I" hia nj- ■ 
of Mr Kr»n<r'a •• Cioblm K.ttfh " H»r« JWt ».ii 
obvioualy ilanrrtml hia pr,.j«r \%»t : r*( ■• •'•ttna4 r* 
ilitri'**!"!!, for tho n'urtxma. y»l -att't*' . atri- fco»»" 
u|<oii .Mr. Kr'.(rr'a •loluhtft;! cwixrvlitate na ar« n 
iiioit il:T«rtin^ to rr*fl, ) at rontain • (r««t •(■>al < 
M-nse 

Mr Kra»»T he iaya ' haa nvtiW a larv* n»Jlar«>r« 
ciitUmlKh »)«• imvn* cf fil'alorr. ar> ka) nlual. aik 
sii|»'r<titl(>Ua fain ima : ail ' t wbiib h» tWaira* to a.-rar 
lo brin^ ont the iitain lii>«> ef Uwir •ira*.<{«< 
■ lecailon. f, ami th« .•iin»xi. f t»|wT«n »«ili»» iivi ut< 
Hr wi«h«'« loilo ••■ivalhin; in rwhtifua pa! • t.t'-! %■% . \ 
«tiu. t the motiUlerins •*i>'o«oo« of attin.! w^^c^Kij- 
pr<>Te th* p»»li(rT«N>a ai'«l r»-rn..|e. «»t iin'r< 4<n «*ai 

Vlllajfi" |r<UII«>a <H g«l>lll»« lui'n ajlran .WiUwa il»-l l*»5 

ami from _lh» in;prraaioi> |*.»lo,"l oo m-m H th» 

. mating Ukit »<> B rso^a 



iwuisoiia. Tl>»' »lu»lv 



U 



LITERATURE. 



[Ju 



• l*iy, mmI ki* escUFMou* into i*mo(e ttinot aixl i-uuiitri<» 
IsmI turn Ml f*r. that h« it •om<<tm»> rml>arT««m'<l hy t)i« 
•Kwaaity ol kwptnj up oemmimi<.'*(i»o «ittt lii* >Urtii>^- 
potBt. 

TM< »gRw*)k)r ^•rnt^il.i^ niay )»' r«>«tttc<<l br oartiot <loroti«'« 
ol felk-letv, tiix-v S!r Alfrvd Ljntil iii»k>-» no olaiiu to »pi-« iol 
■tuily of Um rab^-t, uhI tvitainly i-aniiot ix>iu|>at« with Mr. 
FtvJwr u> kU om UiK>. Nev>>tthi<li'M, ikie critici^iu i> ik> k<<on, 
ftaH iu Ui^«MC« (urli • ba|<(i^ compiiuixl o( poUt* tlrfi-rvoi^ mtu\ 
iroaiokl baalar, Itut it K^m ho<n« t-> mil «bo omi ta»t« Atylo. 



THE BIRTH THROES OF MODERN ROMANTICISM. 

A History of BnirlUh Romantlolcm In the Elffb- 
t««ntlt Oanturx. liv Henry A. Beers, s - .Miu.. kVi p)). 
Lotxloa. l!«H. Keffan Paul. 0, • n. 

Ilw mork abirh Mr. Henry A. llevr* (1 n*iiig it on »umo 
l«cturr« (laliwrad at Yalv) hiu noa put Iwforu studenta of 
Eai:U>h lit<««rv hidory it m roiinterpart not •<> uiu.-h of the 
w\>rka of HciiM atxl (iautior. t» which h« r«f«ra in hi* |Tufiioi>, h* 
ot m i^roup of n)ono^:<|ilu in Kn-m-h. to oiio of uhich (.M. 
UMchtiwJ'*) b» alao rcU-n l.iU'T incidvntullx . sml. it uouKl 
•»«n. at ••oonJ-lund. Inil»i«l. thiTu «»« no aiK-cial rouaon nhy 
Im abouM aoqoaint bitnaelf sith thi-M. When the tirtt f«n'otir 
of tbo rl»*«ic-rvinuuitic Imttlo of l!i:l->-lS4& m»s over, it >M-cuntx1, 
naturally enough, t> studenta to go liohind it -to conniilor ciiiaps 
mmI «<igtn<. in *om« <.-«•<•• to make out tliat the inoat " »i)iK.v 
rUaaiaa lutl trscwa of rimantic (U>hevulniei4t. nml thiit iu the 
■MM* diaherellail rootantica there uero triu-rs of tin- uig. M. 
Daachanel. M. Paul Allwrt. ntv\. ue think, otticm wmto in tiiia 
•ptrit B>>out the " tUmututiciani of the Clauicx." " Kora.intica 
befbra Roinaoticiani," aiH) the like. A little «'Xii;;<:i>ration iiiul 
ifcial pl ea d ing may liav« cn-pt into aiioh looka, at i« natural : 
bat. on the «hol». titcy |vrforin<.«) a iiaofiil function in checking; 
that hrlief in an unmitifjatMl zi);-zaK of rontr.idictory achnols 
vlridi blonta the full and proper concoption of litorari', aa uf all, 
kiatonr. 

Tho )4iltU in Enxlaod «raa orer earlier, and the i<eriod 
iiiiina(li«t«ly aucocoiling it aua not u *;a'ciAlIy critical one : hut. 
for the Uat t«<-nty yt-an or nioro. lit^^niry liintorinn.t and literary 
critica in Knslioh have l>y no niuHim ipnoroil the growth of thu 
aati-olaaaioU t«-D<lency in the lift-times of Po] e i.nd of .lohnaon. 
and the varioua forcoa uhich miulc for its final triumph. It «o 
hapfiaoa. hovercr, that, ao f.ir a« uu kno« or renii-mlwr. Mr. 
Bear*' )>o«k ia the (irat monogrkph of unv c inAidiraMe lailk and 
iiidal)c«nce in detail which has lecn di'Voted to the ajecial 
aobject. Aa such it dex-rrca «'elo«nie, and tlu- welconi<- nM-<l not 
be BpniU by any ai^iniu carping. Wo have not marked any 
im(H>rtant ptrora of fa(t : ami .Mr. IU-cth n-cina to have Imm-m 
ooanModalily thorough in l.i* rMidlnfc. He ha.i cTi-n K<>t hold, 
vith adratita(i>-, of that )>y no mi'Aii* cumr.ion and ri-ry deli-ctnhle 
vorlr the imicowd " Kirat Hook of the Faerie Quwiie." by a 
Pacaoo of (Quality, in 1687. And we tould liare pardnne<l him 
(tkoufh it vaa jtiat out of the strict cbronolofjical lioiinds of hit 
■object) if be l>a<l ilwa-lt a littlo more on it. for it is. at lint )>een 
•at<l, nut T«rT arouaaihle, and ia full ot the rirheat. I<ecanae of 
the moat |:«yjfoundly uovonacioua, alsurdity. Perha|« he hat 
bam a little nrrnnaatvn-d by liia own attention t** detail : the 
•jntofitic effect ia not alwaya a<'hieVf<l : th<Te ia a little failure 
in " i;raap." Ant thouxh w« by no OM-aiu deaiderate in criticiani 
I to eXofttiuro ati<l la-roration without attention t» pr<M>f. 
I orttic. if be it n<>t to la* a nv-m compiler, abouhl |o<rha|M 
at Icaat aome di»tincti>e«i of iwrtontl view-, and at leaat 
I tb" I oaaiaaion of a larraonal style. Htill. the f-h<Mf>lat«> 



Heine, from whom he took tliia, nerer ((nve it 
roiuantioiim, but merely aa a ditacription of the 
III (r<i iiKiiiw." In the a<Hi>nd place, even if H 
in tlie more formal and wider aunao, and evt 
" if ") Heine's Kruatiuwa aa a pblloaopher and I 
equal to his grv-atneaa aa a |Hiet and humoui 
would atill Ih< a very Ii«i1 one. It is duublv 
while it fails to (stvi'T a Very large part of the » 
gooil de«! which baa notliin); to do with the aul 
not exactly, but pretty much, aa though 
" Vegetablea are what ia <H>ld in Covent Uard 
it aouiethinj; connecttMl with Naxoa." VegeUi 
many other placea Iteaidea Covent Garden, i 
l«iidi-« entory (for iiutance, tlio atory of Ariatl 
with Naxot. That ronuiuticitm aimed at the 
complicated ijuality or group of (piulities, jNirt 
mort> constantly and distinctly in the Middle 
other division of the hintory of the world, may 
but how Tory little forwarder dues this get the ' 

Another of the things which we ahould lik< 
tupplie<l in the Uiok concenia that very in)|Mirt( 
change of art anrt litoraturo -the proforonce for t 
I articular, the mot jiiojti-r in phrase, the " ttn 
in subject. Of course, Mr. Ikx-ra baa not ontin 
thing ao atriking : but ho haa laid little atrtvsa 
illustrate<l it a.s he might ha«-c done by puttin| 
instance, the contrast Imtweeii Puiw'a laiidaca|>e n 
sea's on the one liaixl, and the contrast lietwtM'i 
C'ow'|ver's on the other. If there is one thing 
the classical (at leaH, the eiglitoenth-cc-ntury ( 
romniitic more |>ervadingly and more atriking' 
is this very thing : if theie is one feature th 
which, in i>oetry more particularly. Iwlokens 
tuni of the tide, it is the ever-increasing atteni) 
So. too. in another dii-ectinn Mr. Beers is i 
followiiiij out of the striking metrical aymptoi 
the more or lesa explicit aaaertion (as in 1 
Poetry "), or thu more or leaa implicit aasu 
heroic couplet, kept as strictly deciisyllabic a 
roof and crown of thinga in i>oetry : that 
toleruMu but inferior excei>tion, the octotyll 
lighter purposea, and ana|iie8tic verse only to b( 
less burleaqtio aubji^cts. The struggles against 
the almost clandestine attempta at variel 
throughout the contury -deserve to l)o thrown 
manner, empliasized and connected in the ni 
fashion. They are really ijuite as important as t 
from, and imitation* of, thu northern Ian 
English, more or leu genuine Celtic literati; 
on which Mr. Reors, an<l in all cases rigli 
they are even as impnrtiiiit aa thu " return to n 
Inen so much written about. 

Lastly, there are certain exclusions whicl 
regrettc<l. Mr. lieera will havu nothing to 
Crablm. not because the latter's most charac 
the nineteenth century, but iKHauito " neither 
anys<>nse." He merely glances at Hlake, beci 
" were without effect on the generation," ami 
liook he aiibatitutea Kurna for Crablw, yoking 
aa a pair of |KH)ta who " wore not ronmntioi 
four omiaaiona a«em to us not merely to Im 
wtiat might have lieen a complete chain, but to 
able in thetnaelvea. Crablw ia the moat dispt 
the four, no doubt, yet who did more to 



July 8, 1899.] 



LITERATURE. 



gUncvd Kt nliovo (ahA mIiJoIi in no imvaUyi, <>c, atiU lMl|r.-r, rti«<l 
" Vanlley O^ik,' uml tlifii »,»y i( ('ow|«r i* not a r..iiiai,tu; |( 
nny doubt utill runininn tut \i» lirlni; inilu|iiitMl>Ut •ri<lcii/:i. M'>« 
dill ('ow|Mir iitril<«> loniiiatic yi.iith nt tlio en<l •.( lli.. >'»titury ami 
tlio lH'giiinii>K •>' t'>i* ' MiM Mitriotinn l>n«li«<><Hl, » wilnra* .>( 
t4.ii tlioiiiiiind, tulU iw tlmt '■ Til limr Kdwanl Kornf* (rKUntiiKo 
tllORO Ixmiitiftll liiiua, Mhlch lidVa fnM|iii>iilly drivsii ma «lmoat 
wild, witli aiioli im|!<<iiutr<ililo imlinnuiia, witti auLli ilmuKul 
iiiditfuroiii'n " niiiilo Imr " liurdly kim)) Imr *4mt ' Aiwl wlmn Imr 
nlniOHt uiiiiiilly roninntii' iimiiini<> riinii>ii<itr.il««l nuainat |««>t 
KdwiirillM.ini,' Irind i<i> IiIkIi " Vi.tl iron/./ yivo tiiiii « '<.w| or," 
MiiriuUMtt ri<|iliml, " Nuy, nviinmi, if im i* n<>t to Iw .wiimatMl l>y 
Cowjiur — !" No Miiriuiinx of tlmt lUy would lii»»n siolioii ttnia 
of liny " rlnialnil " | (>.,t Siill «lr.in;;iir i» it to duny |'U<% to 
Hiirna, wlio ii|>| liaid tint roiiimitlu •tiiiiiilii* not nii>rnly in (oint o( 
liiiHiioii, lint )>y tliii wiiy of iinfiiiiiiliitr diction ami mAiinnra. )>y th« 
lutllnd ilii|H>tii.H tvhirh Im knpt nlivo, unit in a liilfulrml ditfarnnt 
Wiiy*. In fiict, WI1 run think of imtliinit wl>ii-li can liatn 
inducoil Mr. liiwirfi to aliut thxao tlinxi out oxiopt liii unliirkv 
und, an wo hitvti triixl t> tliuw, iiuito un«riirriint<«l idontiliratiun 
of roniiinticism with niwlioviiliiini. Ai for Mlnk<>,tli» fulUi y tlii<r« 
ii a|)|>nrent nnd coufciMtMl. No douht Itluko r^^,,■^^,^ Iittl», if miv. 
immedistu inlluuncK. iiiit hu rrfm/ifi/iV^ iho ronmntio intlui<ii<-« 
itntilf in tlui moiit oxtnionliimry wuy. und iwrlinp* in no miiKla 
writer of IiIh duU' do w«i »«<i tho guthering fonv» pri'iont in n 
mom uniiiiRtukablo niunnor und doKnxi. \Vu nii^lit u» m.'II, und 
nimoat buttor, lonvo Horriok out of u hintniy of niid-nKviiiitnntii 
century jiootry, kecnuao noiio of Ids conti<in|'orari«« Mwiiia to lutv* 
|)uid luiy iittontioii to him. 

In thcan und aonin other lointa we think Mr. Ilc-ra Mronj; ; 
and w« inight dimidnrutu u littln tliinnini; of lU'tnil iiud oxciaion 
of [Nirticuhirs which liolon^ ritlior to u gem-rul litenirv hiatory 
th»n to a jmrticular uu>iiO),'riii>li. Hut, as w.. huvo luid, the liook 
is II moni>^'rai>h which odIoi'tM uacfully kiid urraiiRfa conv.<iii«iitly 
and (in a, stvnao) for tho lirat timi>, it conaidurablo lio<ly of matter 
in ruferoni-o to an inturoatiii;; and im|oi-tjint aubjoct. Such b<H>k« 
no oritio ulio kmma hia buainvaa, and t'ndimvoum to do liia duty, 
can afford to iguoiu. 



MORE BYRON LETTERS. 



The Works of Lord Byron. t..t'.M mul Journulj.. 
Vol.111. Kdit.il by Rowlancf B. Prothoro. M.A. sj tiin.. 
xvi. +4511 pp. Loiidtiii, IKtK). Murray, 6,- 

Tho Lottcr.s iiicliuli><l in tlm third volume of tli.' Uyron 
corrospondi)nc», jii.st piibli.ihiNl by Mr. Murmy, iHijoni- to tho 
most critical, not to .suy truyic, i>pooh of th»> po«t'a lifr. Thny 
covor thu period from .Iniiuury, 1814. to Nov.i;ib»'r, l-'ir. ; which 
is to Bay that in th.Mii wo follow llyron through tho h;»lo:yof hia 
enniip'iuunt to Miss Milbankf, of tl.eir murriui;i', of thfir brirf 
cohnbitution, of their still myaterioiia oatran;;rim>nt. an<l of 
their formal and lin;il .loparutlon. A,i wna the c««< with 
proviou.s volumes, the now letterji addid in tl e | nxent t'dition 
have ^jreatly onlnriJtMl the previously existing; Nxly of Myron 
corresjwndeix-.' : iiide»d they have in this inatnnc» more than 
doubled it. Hallock'a Aimriiun eilitionof Hyron'a ir.>iij 1 1.>«4;>). 
hitherto tho moat complete collection, [ rinta U.'> letters ; »nii t.> 
this numU'r Mr. Prothero ha.s be<'n unubUd to add no fpw>'r 
than US. In an .-Vpin-ndix to chapter sit., moreover, the Kditor 
ha.s printed n series of seme 70 letters und other d'Hiiment-i of no 
little interest relating to tho .<<tnry of the so|>aration, while in a 
jfonoral ApiH>ndix ut the end of the volume are given Sir Walter 
Scott's "Hi collections of Hyron " ; c-rtnin letters, in a somearlMt 
hvsterio;il strain, from .lane ("l.'tiriiiont ti Uvron. which an> 






ptWtilMU „tt^* 111 lalOfMt, |>.ntj»i. I;., 

llwlr aul'/Kt, Ihcy li«lw«*ll)r Itxu. 
rv«*linj(. 

AHutiK Om o»M iblmtimlttk^ .4 I>.m. w« tk. U«», 
bjr llyron Ut hU dtlurs tail, .lot ta^ |K> <l.mit^ i^mA 
a lllllx mi-rn tiuiii • y»*i l«lar<, |)wif b^mtittfm 
cufl<.«Ml)re.,t.l .iwl tmll»,^lf%ic. t.M .1 ll» attix • <; : 
■('•lUin, •nil tn Ihair (fakj<»«<,| r«icUlix<« ' 

MlOaaflkii re^ftlnl tuct l-rtnt • «!««• ao! 

•iili^i.la vith a rottalli •>fwMii.«**, Itaa^ U> 
not •llMSntlier ult|i«Vf«ia>l t .t thr tetf i- 
»u to tulUim ao ■•M/ti sftn lurrie^ < 



■tt«C*a 



f-i 



y-w 



I tl anit v."! »«»y nKtri, 
H'll I mual loll yi.u at ih. I>«<«rd ■■! ..^f^ «(»» 
o|niilon ^our c»n|len»M >>;«y lu>» laaln«<.l af'^ , 
I* • Mxirro fro<» abi )i I M«a« .i^l, *i»t 1 i>i,«.. , 
ilorivn >'.>nifc>rt 

Thia »».>«al. in«U in March. Itll.d.M* ivj« tm.1, tar] 
tho fiitttrn of « union L»«a*m Itao ■>tl>f »nl • •■4B«i 
Mtlliankn'* trmi/oraoM-nt ai»l ui'bvtnfin^ Sv* m ' 
• i({n of air.ctt'.i) in any .>( ttiM» la<Ur« of IIm astly j« 
not till S..|i(»tnl><r of HI 4. atvoli lim -IX i in-l ■•• 
cuncliidml aiiil thn mairt*.-» but tot: MonllM of, 
warmth l>.i oMiM |~rrw|<il,U oii llir- n • taU Ikit U" 
the*.. Utor l«tt<r<, lh..iigh -«•«» than ft«< ctwlly »«■. 
ia aiikoro . aa in I.»h1 ara Mim Mi:»>«<.k.'. • ■■n r«f.*<M 
/i.ni.v, anil ln>r •■'iileUiit ante ijaCi. n • f Ka|>}»>)»M •i!ji hi 
ahi. KXpra^M^I in aritiiii; l..l»^f f;i«n.l» Haul \,.tw< 
Lady Ityron'a •tatoiiiviit miilo t.< Mr H «l^k4> ">.•'.» 
tho a<i|)«rati.>n, t'-> aniJtJiiijt t< ■.>nU 

I may i{i»t. *ou a s.>i»r»l wlna of ahal I lut** .i, 

bv aaying that Im> iiun-ml om wilJ. li¥» <Ur^»% lUVf 

of n-rruK.' arownl on ih.. day ..f my marrtif*. •»! 

oviT ami-.' with ayatxinalK- anil incrraa'Rf avmiij i 

alfi<«-tion couUI ch.>n|^ 

SiK-h a |«iaaap> a« t)it< mako* "O^d .til.t alwlKaf Ifw. tn.«ir 
tlu< wifn ailmit.* that <li<> f.>r a tim* aitapartol in twr 
might not Im ih'Tw aaf-ly |«mli<-atOTl nt i mrt»U U U fa: 
U-lieVK that Hyron really "ar-.^ail" any aix-h •l«(arau« 
this on the vBTv "day ..( th- marrta,;i> " » Awl H w» mma 
a atat'-OMint ■•I I^dy Hyr '■)'«. oudo aith ata-.S t«a«ii 
circunutantiality aa liio above, aU. . ran My i^-^ far iwr i 

may hitVe i<X(niKlnl > 

Tlie Iwttira t.> Tom M-.r". MC«>-ully thaw wnXU 
Hyron a ilonM-atic troubba, ar« in hia ha(«|>»Mt »»in 
a«i>m.4 to hav.> lK>,.n •••OM'thini; ;n lh» If. ah f»«t • )r 
aym|iAth>ti> nature which ha>l a ajnta! atu»tion f..» iti. 
wayward, and fitful toni|>"c uiwnt of bia <>,fTM{ntH>»nl 
ia an Kaay i^ax'ty. a flow of im» ncht am) aiinaitan^ « 
Hyr.n'a cniiM>iii>a with M->->ia ■h»'-h. viawwima in »•■■ 
»her.> the '-pMH' " u.ifton t»>> obvi-aa. •• sih>al'l look f 
111* vx|>vritflKV aa a mmacvr of Ihurjr Laop Thaatfw. afki i 
and varitti lri«!a t.» whi.-h h» *%» atib^-txl in that '»j»>^ 
wh:. h. all the atme, wo canoot I at aoafwrt tlwt ha I' 
enjoyad at thn tinuK -h,. ivoiunts in Ihaav W<t«r« ar 
" Di'tuchixl Tboiighta." afti>rwar<ia pubiuivat i i 

'b'li^htfiil f ivsti-ity and flraatath- •iMMl N-.w . i 

he appiwr in a tn. ra pl«M«-.iig b^ht th-»n in lb* lary fcr 
• (••r.deme with Coleridca which apprar* in thra r.-U-.- 
letter III which ha Strobe t- ih» obW ]».«>«• k.itf 'Ui» t 
i^xixl otlb-<<a with Uw pahii«hrr>. whiia *t th'> tuam tiB» 
him to wnia another play f. r I>Tt.rT l.an* a f-»>>ei 
C..leri.li;» duly n»a.k>. an<l. it la iM>e>l!«M t. .ay. !.'■! - 
unfulti'.toil— is not only a m 'tial of fra.-oful c^^vti'-' 
Ci'Uuine (roml frolititf *ik,l raAtM^ t .,n iivimn'* t A*.i t..^ A » 



8 



LITERATURE. 



[July 



ft*^" Ckriattbsl " i:rM>r«aa> it aUn raiinMitl; juilirioaa utA 
|i«M» awkinc : but tt ittt-KWiiUll* khfW* how il«>f<ly OoUri<l|rB'« 
(n«*aM» w%» nakliiii; in hi* br<M»t » grirvaixv mainly doe to 
UkP iac« UmI He allowml • inuirq4«r« to be hawknl about in 
MS <i« •»«» twvlvv <-r lour1««« y<«r« )«forf imMikhini; it. 
la »o •|ii«ckUI ttPU Mr. rn>the*« p.<iBU .'Ut th«t Soot* <li«l n.'l 
mckttmU^^ kM in>WUe.ln>«« l« l'ol*ri<i«* for thn ■u^et>«(ioii of 
iW mutf •<< tlka " Iav .a t)M> l.a»t Minatn-I " till t)i« (xiblieation 
.4 Um r.Jt«1«i MitioM of bit IVm«m in liOO. Thi* it true: 
«•« Hit ttallar DrT^ nuMU •njr •wivt <4 hi» obliRmtioiw : »nd 
ootbiBi; » «o»» <»rt«in than th«t he woiiW h»T.> arow^ Uw-tn 
IB tJie UtvlroaX »f tbe |wmii itwK had ho lorvwwn tit* poMibilitjr 
ft Oolc«»>l|;»» ann>-T«i><* 



CHILDREN'S 0AMS8. 



A DtcUooAry of British Folk Lore. E»lito«l bv O. 
X^WTcao* Oonuxie, F.8.A.. Vi..-I*r»»i€lfiit tif tin- Folk lyotv 
Htw^lr. *c. I*»rt I. Triuliliiinnl tiiuiii>* of EnKland. S«-»itlniul. 
*nd IrrUiKl. with Tuiir*. SiiiKi»K-l<byiiit«. iuid .Mrtliodit of 
fUTiKK. t«'IW«rU>l ami AniiotrttMl bv Alicf H«Ttli!i (J<iinim>. 
Vt4. 1.. IHM : Vol. II., 1>W*. OJ « «lin.. xix. * «< ♦ xv. a Ml pp. 
l.n>don. Nutt. a6/-n. 

The name* of Mr. anil Mr». Oonime are w<>ll knovn to all 
int«r<«te<l in Hriti»h folk lt>r<>. Mr OomniP hwl a promint-nt 
l«rt in foun«linp the Folk Ix<rf SKirty. i»n<l what K-iaure ho can 
■ in from t)M> •tiidj of utAtictit-s hi- ilt-votia to thia fafcinatiii^ 
mbtrct. It ha« Xnt-n for yi«n thedeairo of Mr. and Mr*. Oomnu- 
to [«odure a compbte Dirlicnary of Britiah Folk Lon*. and thi- 
matanala for it are ain-aily coUtTteil to a great extent. Hut the 
•XfMMi' of (nrh an uiidprtaking i« KTi>at, and Mra. Oomme ha« 
Ifcwifin done wi*<-ly in publiahini; a i«rt of her matprialu, which 
can be iaoUtnl from Uie rrat without harm. Wo think this 
Uiok oii(fat to be |io(iniar with many U'eidea r>«l atuilents. Moth«r« 
in vaat c4 •ometlimi; to maki- a chihlrrn'i pitrty po, thoiM> who 
h«vi> to look kftrr ftirU' club*, thoee who are •enaitira to the 
illill of |><>piilar p>«try aivl muaic, nil will find thvae Tolum«« 
iBteraatinf ami uncful. A uroail M-l<>ctioD of thi< ((anieH with 
maaic, aad |irt4tilr illuatrati'd, baa already b<-en )mbliahud ma n 
gift book by the authoraM (" Childrvn'R Singing Gamoa," two 
|«rt«, Nntt). 

Mr*, (iomme'a methoti ia aimplicity itaolf The (lamM are 
arraairxi alphaha-tirallj under thoir mmmnn titlps. Under each 
heart entnaa first the air to which the worda are sung, if aung at 
all; next the wonla in all important Tarianta, with name* of 
aotboritira ; then a ilatcription of the way to ]<lay it ; and laatly 
a bri«< diacuanion of ori(;in and tnoaninff. if theae can he nimlc 
otit. At the i-nd of the w-cond volume, tho reaiilta are 
•tunmail np in an caaay. and the game* rInaiifiMi on aevenil 
{ViocipUe. The importance of Mrs. (lommi-'a work ia frroat, for 
aJmcat all there it in the book haa b«-n taken fnwi oral tra- 
drtioa. Many of the gami-a hare never been deacribed in 
|«int bi-fore, awl th''*e which hare are checked by refiTence to 
actual {Twctiee iinli-** tb<7 have ilia<i out. The only fault wo 
bar* to bnd in th<- treatment i* that there it a gooil deal 
«| nnofcreaary r«j»tition. The i.'omplet4«t riTaion might have 
bewn priotMl in full, repetttiona atwl all : but vnrianta might have 
l aa i i BMire tummarily diamiaaol. We oft<-n find a varae of four 
linaa, three of thitn exartly the aatne, ami thua (pace ia waatoil. 
H'raerer, tbia la a matter for the publithi-r rather than the 
raailer. Ha might hare nuule hia book thorter by leaving out 
rvfaiittooa, ami perhapa < baapci- : but it cannot be denied that 
aa tt ia the bni>k look* better and i* eaaier ti> raad. 

Mr* f •ofome i* natnrally rooet inti-reot^l in the cnatoro* which 



thia cenonony waa not naed. What the preciae 
(ha doea not examine ; but reatiera of " tj'a " nov 
onon Iki rvmimWI of the wild bridal of tlie baroin 
miniiit«r, who joined haiuU iicma* a running atraai 
l<riae<l that .Mra. Uomna doas not niontion thia auj 
liomnu> alao aaea reaaon for tliinking that tliaae ei 
tnaaporary, ami maile merely for the aako of .boK' 
ami (he bringa anmo utranire evidence to ahow tin 
Ktill often rt^ganl wedlock as bindinf; only for n 
or for «even yi nra. " 1 waa faitliful to hiiu for *t>vi-r 
mora than my two children," aaid ii woman onoe 1 
Some game* N*em U^ recall village feuds, tlie ca 
aiiceatorii, the attiu-k on a caatlo. Alay wo s<igg< 
;;«iiM> of INk-ow , the cry that " the hole'a won ' 
th<' *' hold? " Perhaps, too, Tom TiiUller conti 
to the nirti>riouB Tyiidaller*. Others appeal 
n-miniaoence of tree-wonihip, and somutiroes a 
tlw* tr«e jiiat aa one of liottom's troupe came 
The dani-e round the Maypole i* justly oonm-cted 
the " Snail Creep " typo in Uiis resjHict. Pivii 
in tlie familiur game of Shuttle<-ock or 8huttlo-fe 
one found out about hi* future wedding, or the I 
come. With thi* game rhymes use<l to be sung, n 
cowslip hall— 

Toas-a-ball, toas-a-ball, till me true 
How many year* I'vo got to go tliro' 

A number of most intereKting games imitiite 1 
himscwifery, agriculture, or the like. How op 
game* generally are may l)o aeon from one wliic! 
■owing of seed, but omit* wheat, from which Mri 
that it took form before wheat was an imp 
culture. But corruptions are creeping in, and v* 
often are. Tlireo Dukes coma from Spain to con 
.lamt appear in one rersion as three Jews, in i 
ducks ; to " view the lami " clianges into " bugl 

Vt« cannot cloaa without calling attention 1 
melmly of many of thoae songs. Mouldwl as tli 
verbs, by tho continual use of hinidreds of years 
human tongues, they loae inevitably whaterer 
nosR may have been in tiiem. The rhymes are ^ 
the grammar rhiglit often he improveil, but 1 
musical. Take this, which has iH-en ringing i 
finca we read it : — 

Onts and beans and barley grow, 
Oats and beans and barley grow, 
Do you or I or any one know 
How oats and beans and barley grow 

First the fanner sows his se?ds. 
Then he stands and takes his ease, 
Stamps his foot, and claps his hanilf 
And turns him round to view the lai 

NN'o have by no means exhausted tho topii 
these volumes, but enough haa been said to sho 
and value. Mrs. Gommo ia to l>e congratulated 
scholarly piece of work, which we hoiie she and I 
soon lie able to follow up with another inst 
Dictionary of British Folk Lore, 



A MODERN KNiaHT TEMl 



Hon R^i^ment Russe. Hv Art Roe. 
P.'irih. IMM. Calmann I 

M. Art Ro€'s new book is very serious rea< 



July 8, 1899.] 



IJTKUATrRK. 



into martiul llterntiirn. tin wrttam uf ttU pTufcxion in (uch • 
Kpii'il of fervuiir, of uhin'^'iktion, ■>( aiiiritual eialtati'.n, that otiD 
WOlllll winll for llllll allrll .ul u|i|H>rtlllllty of artiv.: Iiitxlatn >* 

tbut wliioh full t.) (ioriloii. 

HoUKi yu.iix U(('i liii Mrrot» » •tArtliiiK artirin in ihti ft'"''' ''«< 
iltii.r .U"ii</<« ritlltxl "All I'llyi-oiiti. '■ llur.t w,t« a iioml c</ii- 
uoptioii «f lmira<'k-lif« No iiiKKitioii of wiiir, '*oiiidii, «n>l ••11/ 
No bi'iiliil iiintiiriiiliiaiii or iitiiiiti<lliv'rnt (;ni><t/. Military |>r»c'lai. n 
of duty wna i>nliii({>il mill r< IiiimI lijr th« Iwili^ftit of rnViti", •.! 
uieilitiitioii, of iloiiht. HiTn wiu no i;|orithil hoTo longiiti; t<i 
thriiHt liiH RWoril intu tli« oiii<niy'« iHMly, Imt an iiiti>lt>'<tiial 
thoii;;litfiil otliriT full of yiiirniii^; aiiil >iiiti<ty (or tli» aoul, fi>r 
tllli )m|i|iin>"<l< of llix ■■>'■■ B" WkII tut iciKaTIl for tll< ir laallr* 
liuUif, til" Afiimt ilf Lofii"l, » tn'.>iiti(iil ■'Way, flew to l>i;;lirr 
ri'ii>:lii'N, mill K'^^o "* " viviil |iii tiiri' of tli>< iiixli-rn •••Mier 
wrii|i|Hiil ill tliK iiiiiiitli' o| tKn Oiriattiii iiMrtyr Tlii> ih'W 
Toliiliiu l> in il'>tliiiiK of till' iiol>ility of tliowi two oiitaya |>iitili«lii«l 
tO;;<ltll«'f IIIkIi'I' tll» titlu of S<in> t' lUnnI'litl Tll" J«ir»<>unl 

i|iiiility IN liuri< iliiiiininlii<<l, nml tliorn i> loni ori^-innlity Hut 
Ibii lioiik in oxtroini'ly intorrnliiij;. It in nlwiiy* wh.it tli« Kr- ihli 
WOlllll call "a iliNtin^iiiiiliiMl nonl " that urnat* our atti nti"ii 
Oiiit WOlllll wixli for mom vivntity, aotno iiKMlilirntioii of tuilitiiry 
iHidiiiitiy, » iMori' iiioilott convii'tii>fi on the iiuiotioii of hi* irofi *• 
ition. l'i<ii)liiiK I'ivilixation, wliirli in utill fur olT, it i< |>'rliit|M jto- 
iior thiit II NoUliir kIioiiIcI ri<L;iiril tlio itrmy n» tln' only inilii|i>'iiiiiitil« 
iiittitiltioii in the worM, TliiH in Art Itoi'ii coiivictioii. nii<l wli- tlu-r 
you rIiiii'O it or nut you I'iinnot l>:it )<<> atruLk I'y tlio .ulmiril'lp 
spirit »illi wliicli li«' iiiiiinl.iina it. Ho thrown ainli ,i •piritiul 
chann ovrr thi' liuMincMt llmt !»' alinoit "ourciiK in com iiiriii;{ u» 
tlmt the Hoiilicr i» llio l>i'tn'lic«'iit In to of tiiitii.uiity iniit<'nil of tlif 
iilooillliirsty rt'|irol>iito wo jiii!i|i€i.totl ; tint iiiiii|> ami k.rnicka arc 
tho rcIiooIh wlioruili ulotio urn to )>« foiiml all t)i>' great niul Ktnl>U> 
virtiK'-'^. This «•« WOlllll willingly ailinil if tin- armii'i of tlio 
worltl pioiliioril iimny Biich otlioipi .mil tliinlcrr« a.i .\rt l!o H'lt, 
iiliiH ! tlii> iiti!:ili<t.H ari' fow, anil to l!u' .nrr.ii;i' Kniuli onii-.r, 
wo f«uir tliiM apiritiializiil litointutn of the ariiiy will provf Imt 
citriiiir. Thi'y will fur luoro riiulily iitiilir-.tnnil ll»> nto.» 
militiiry liti intuio of Coiirti'lino, who i.s iirt.nnly .it iaaui' with 
Art Hot; iii his tniiiliiu'iit of li.in-.ukliti'. Wli. r.»H .\rt R.i^'i 
jjencrnU ^lis^•U^."^ Spiiio/.a ami Toliloi with tlnir ollii-vr«. ati'l the 
oBic«r!< with Christian nwi'i-tnoiw ami ciimvlity ntrui' , to rli'valv 
their moil to their own int»ll<'ctual lovil, ('ourt< liii.-'.* ollicira 
dhoiit like navagis at thi'ir iiii'ii, .tml th«i men thim»«l>i-» «r»' 
little ii'IHOVimI from hriUis. With Uoo ri-ligion is in tin' fuil 
senso of the wonl intnllortual. Ami so he l'rin>;!< an una. cn.^tomiil 
noto into tlio military spirit, for ho iliH-or»tei it with two 
(pmlitios unknown to tlio Kin;;'s mnsk-tiirM of olil. uii.Mi«p*vt»tl 
of tlui 01(1 (iiianl. mill rortaiiily not iipf n'lioniliil hy .i .iinj;l« 
mnrxhal of Napoloon— au.ftiMity ami int»>ltiot. If Art Uoi'n 
iiliml woro roaliz'd, soliliors wonUl tx' .H.iiiit.i ami »a;.-uH. In tho 
pau.ios of hattlo tlioy woulil stmly Spinoza, niwl, »' wcll- 
brod intolloctual Christians, slinttir hi.-> thiorioi with .oiirto.y. 
Thoy Would all ;;o to hattio in tho spirit of St. Martin of Tour^. 
of St. I-onis of Fraiuo, anil kill thoir t'liomii's roliictantly. roIi !y 
for tho good of thoir souls. 



THE IRISH LITERARY MOVEMENT. 

Literary Ideals in Ireland. }'y John B^lintoo. 
W. B. Yeata, A. B., W. Larminle. '.» .".in., ss pp. London 
and Duhliii. \MK 

Uuwin. and tho Ihiili/ A.r/Kr.ii OOko, Diiliiin. 1- 

T»,„..., ;., n .,.,f.. .if w!iv\viirilim».«i in tho writiiiir of tho Toiine 



te*to u< tlw lri»it •! '. 

••< Itf klUutU Mxt t ' :^*'.i.^ ■ ■ . . ^ .4 0*Ja*f 1\^ 
ut ••)Wa>ill>»M >>|<i»ll ■ Itoil 1:4 \tm iii« |fcl«1 .^ 
IiUmIs III ltvUkt.«l« ' « •■>fW« c4 fr»^M<E«4*/y {«»(«>• 

»iv>tl\y ImIotb lixi |>r.j«|<K'iV<» "l IIm t'i*;< UmI •»•• • 
ili4ii|;'iraU) liao Irish t-*(i</ii.«l ilfAtM,* lit Un* f««4 
John k^|rUiil''ii •vt* Oil t" ik.M i«« l^ |«.'lit^i.t %tj,\ 

ipi««tlU<l, " \^ li^( tltO lUl I*' III* aMl'jIcCt "< I. :.^:."« 
hut livfi«tf) •• tiAVa /^'i •oil il.U* \hm \. 

mn biMl oiufa«l««i |i4'Lii|^t kt*l*# It^ ■ .-« — t 

toi alittitn* \w mlrj *( M, »im\ alul ••tUft^Xa %im \m 
ths >rti<( alMl |-^ III Ihia |<t.<«^(« ■ i a/is.4 Mt \m*'.i 
thai iiUoliita *i«l Mr FKcitiil. '<■ B<«U hiantmit 'l/iim., 
Iiiwt;|liti "itly f..c IIm, li IM-B, !•< wm\'i'»m Xhm »U%m I I 

TtiB I* •>( hlf a-l to tJMS |>i .It^ «• \ It •'.•<• i:. I 

aSpUiii l»/<h ■ ( lh«tn (•> ck^h '.U>»< M'i !•• 

Mr K{(U(i^oii • riMt'i '.'olAtit^n. •»• I •■ 
coiM'tiriMil, la itiAt AjKt«'*t '^f^BtwtV* , •>..■. I k« *.' 

Ilt'lllial, " ot«tlil*t«Il t«f *«• t*i ^m C*ia«« I.J. 

••nviroiiiiwiit itail (.' I«> lr*»<; ••r>(«l intc U» *•* 
ayill|lutll|iill " " Tho |n-'.jan. n» •(» -t |.-a>.ti»; ti««> >• 
" .1 Micrnt l.i«t mth liw • .l>}<> t« !>«««■«■>•«• M' I ' 

h> |>>intill«' t" •■ Vanr ^ifU\ \Hf\ Hacokt'* '.fMM 
hivv* I- III.. Dntri r h 'iiw .4|mI |» inU«i !>. onf •«* 

Ii'K'ImU, (.'ollic .>!•", >|;«| dll r1«r lf«i .'l k^M^O ' I laSf-lf 

nliih a tiiou* iimI yt>>.-« to tliigliail 1"*^ ***' C ** 
Go-'ilrvy of .Mon:i...'iU> I • r«t)tiy» « *r«i M't.* a 
Nor m Ihia -idy, *• Mr MtcLuti n o.talaiiiU. itm^i^m 
•' titknn "ti tltair hr»t<l alio ti.l«r« •i.tnathiOk' ' ' t^ • 
Irwt of our nk,i<. " Not 'turn lwU>l>«>c in btXf \tmutt: 
(iruiiut -i " .Siru'frixl ' t>iiolia i>l it aa • 1^0/kUm. 
or (III* d..«ii, .M Mr Kklint-'it «i i »iiia t" »'iii-*\. : 
ill III., rutii' uU'4ia ttt.4t 'iiwl rli" t>M' w-'fk , ti-A-fm ta 
WoiiUI .1.1 ao iitil 1;. t \^a.'i>ir himarif ttk'St |aub« 
in hia !■ tt' r« m7 «l his ii.t>-nti- Bi wcro I*. t« 
th- hwola lh'ro».K.a Oir t'jr lii«- i»»Wr« tJ».* 
Ihr iiiih til 111 Ihit «« »r»- ii» at lii- t%^\j aift*"! W- 
Im .iu»' ill ktiat urt h'lwit ' • int' thr Ul.<l %4 Uj , 
IhimI of liir..!- • ni' ti' t.a 

Th-olil ii'niAlu>-a. t lutt-f.a in ll- -t y->Ct «f» air, 
t. l.*d iia l-aik to t'lia M^kh M-ll. •• Tw H-i* 
Till- prim.'VAl alf'-nifth ••( {MaaioO mA am{4trit|' 
i«liaa. nn'-'inil hv d <"»-» T tr.Mllt>-4i, t?" ' ^ 
nat'irx .»iwl Ihi' •«'iv»- ••( t^r nuiii(.-hl a.a>>> • 

M-rviil to uwaki-ii tJi" iroafciiuktioii &B-' V t - ; 
intrllKt of ,irili»id in-ifl. l»l«I Iriah t*mm.an la ■ 
to tr.iii»tnit thia win.' • f lif- aa mnj thrr ojil r. • 
|ti rha|M, x'tiiii •{»• m1 p laail'ilitl' • f It^-wn 
lirilluiiiio of liiWKin>.tioii. imi it« • 
S.H n I of it/« J.r J* r tT<*|li>lit tr. : • 

U- iloatimd in iu t;n> %■• »»«■•■••. In Mr. \'^t» » 

r>'Ti'Ulioii ..f a hiiU'^n l;l»- ' •hi«h »J»«ll •• |it««ril. '. 
thi'ir %K" ami (roiii lifr. aixl U'At* tl 
h a- th« in»ol»r« in t>"«iiity " 



A DEVOTED MOMARCH 



Reminiscence* of the Kinc of RoumA&U 

friini tho t>ri>;iii.«I. »i'h .»n Intr'-lvM tu»n »'T SidDi 

man. i* lim-. xx\i. - -»n pp- London. l«« . Bar) 
Kxcrll«5itlT rfnda^v'l frwm tho ivricmal 1 1 an mn ' 



10 



LITERATURE. 



[July 



tiUa|«B* 111 qui** (Matlr life at Sij;maritu<>i> o'"' • tnuuioiit 
ifall ol Prwkun ttilitarrlraiumj; ars amoiij; ihr o4rli«r no-ollMV 
ti n — ol Uu« KitBc* MKMi 1.1 l<ip (<%ll.>v«il t>y (ho •u<Mpii atartlini; 
flkutK* (tMB • ca(«<BC i>( lituitM< aml-iti-m t<- • m»iv «laiiliii({ 
fatal*. wIms Um youflc Ml ion of ll>» Hou»o of H<>li*iiiullrrn 
>»ca—i tW oi>o» »i i eaiMlKlato (ur I)m nurant thronv »( the l'iiil».l 
Priac«|«litw<« Hu )>«tii>*r Utrotifh Aiutru mxlw U>» ilugtiisv 
el '* K«ri ti<>«tiA(C«ti.' Bltan lit* laf;iot» of tb« tCin|irr»r-King 
««t* wwAcrtitK lo moot tho amw of PntMis in Itw ■irtij'Kla for 
mtffrmmty in OnuiaJ Kar<>|* , iiw nin ilown tl>« l>iinul«< to 
Turno-^rvrtB : tho ba^ll-m^ j;*!to|< •nM«> thi* «iM ri>gi<in. 
•ww|4 br an ur IJaat. iirvor ■ln.kMiini; >|>m<l tbr<>ii^|iout the 
titvarr aaletw* ol Um> itighi. rrmiii<l tin- r<-nil«r »f tho 
««iKWrii>ita •>! a«in<> Itnight prrant i>f clil in i|iic*t <>{ a<lv<<ntur« 
anl fae>»-«birhn^ oavaiiU »ith l>u >yant lio|<t'« to an unknown 
« i— ti n y. 

IVcl>a{i» lli» mt«t >ttrartir« foatiiro in th«ae nu>inotr( ii th<< 
wtMa III pxtracU from IvKar* axchancnl bvta'^en Prinov Charlo* 
aail hu fathar, li)« bvroilitarjr Princa of Hotionzollorn- 
Hisatartn;:<m. trko hxl n-lin<|iii(hc«l hi* Sororvign rightji to 
aalraitoa tha caiua of th<> unity of Ovnitany. Thii i'«rrt>«)hin<li>nc<> 
iU»l>Uy« not only varm fii<>n<)ahi|>. but iM>un<l jiulcnH-nt on tho 
t«rt of tha fathor, »iUi atrt-ncth of rharacttT, cli-nr |>olitical 
ii>ai|;ht. nmibiitail with an anient iri»h to Iwncfit hit |M>oplo, on 
that of tiaa aoa. Tb« pt-raonal frioniUhip of Naiioleon townnit 
tiw Hobanaollvm aapirant to tho rrown <if Rumania, an<l the 
■jmpathr of Francv (or tha " Latin tiatcr," romo nut cl<>arly - 
a aaatimaat which liaa darn maintain<-<l. and fully m-i|irocuto<l, 
by the Rumanian iwople from the time of tlie first Na|>oli>on to 
tba preaant liay. Pulitiral tnmbla* wito rife in the early days of 
iIm Prinoa'a ml*. The Prince vritoa t<> hin fathor— " Hratinnu 
thiaka that a cataatrophe i» iminiivnt ! I replitxl that I fonn^l 
nothing '. Un Hohenrollem lu- ao laisao |m« iii facilcir.ent 
l a u ra ia a i oimma un princ<> (tarvenu." Af;Biii, a fi>w yi<«rs lati-r, 
(hmnf tha financial an»ia o>no>niinf; the railway, I'ritico CharU-s 
vaa ao •on-ly trie<l anil fiercely attat-kwl that lia thought of 
•bdicmtion, Iwit waa rvatraiiMiI from ao iloing from ri-luctan>-« Ui 
daai r t hia aiiopted country at the momi-nt of it* |ieril. The 
entirr waiftht of tha railway crash fell u|>on the PriiiO" ; for the 
railwara ware hia conxilation in th<' miiUt of'inany ilisappoint- 
maata. "I have," ha aayt in a Ictti-r to l>rinc« Karl Anton, 
" at laaat, ih^iM something for my cniiiitry — I hare gi^'^'i >' n 
railaay." Tha reform of the Rumanian army ami tlio war with 
Turkey form instructive cba|<(ers. Tlio prudent skill with 
wh^^ Prinoa Charlas stooil motionleaa with his army on tlu- luft 
b«nl( ol tlie Danube, almost within hearing of tho gun* at 
Plrma, while the l(ua*i:ini> woio cruslxsl liofore thr Turkish 
inlrvnchmmta, an- matter* -if hi»^'ry. dps<rilHMl by Mr. Whitman 
aa '* Fabian tactics. " But tbi' I<wd4 r h<-lil back with iiidoiiiitable 
•cU-reatraint, until the IJ ram I 1/iikc Nicholas gave any tbrough 
rtfwaa of cimimstancea. Than, at la>t. Prince CharK-s came to the 
raante. aa tiv comniaiidpr of an independent host, nnd » large 1 o.Iy 
ofRaaaians a<-r>> plaod liiMler liis onler* a* well. Tlio Rumanian 
(•opia gain**! th^ir lomplate iiHlc|M-iidenc<' after the lil<>o<l of thi-ir 
•• n* hs<l l>-<n *ha.I on Uie *lop<,..f (irivitKu: and ihifir I'riiiO' Ix-- 
rame King f'ard I. <.f Rumania, receiving a Roynl cr<>wn 
wrought fr.m the nHKal uf cannon capti.rcil l,y his s<ililiers at 
PWrn*. 

The Raminianoc** incluiU lutich explanatory matter and 
in*ny letter* lelatin;; U> the IVi-rlin Congre»«. tho action of 
Knglaa>i. the tensioa with Russin and it* fffict on Riiiiiiinia, the 
trvctbla* in tlM> lUlkan Htate*, with tlia severance of the national 
f'harrh in Rumania (mm tha ratriarchatein Cotmlnntinoiiie : nnd 
caocltiU witii a complimantary miMiiie fr>iii tlio pr<-*etit Kinpiror 



THE JESUITS, 



_ / • 1 



Lea Orlirlnes de la Compagnle de JAai 
I^iiiicn. I'ai Herrmanu MuUer. li • Tjin., vi. .i 
1.-4M. Llbralrle Pischbao 

Kacorilain- sayn that tin- thorny ^ulljl■ut of th 
iMith frioiids ami fo<'S into madmi'ii who can sih< onl; 
the wisest anil holiest of men or the det<|M.<at of 1 
Muller's iiuiiiifekt imjiartiality mid •oU-niiss of s 
that he is one of thi- exceptions to LAcurdaire's ri 
is not a history of the Jesuita. The author only 
task of finding in the first lH*ginnings of the societ 
tioii of problems which strike any student of their 
How is It that the Jesuits met with such op|M>sitit. 
whose preiogntives. spiritual nnd t<'nipural, the 
a<lvancing ? and. How is it they ni< t with suol 
success, and eieiitually with such a t(<rriblu < 
answer, so conti'iids the author, is to 1m> found, no 
character of Ignatius of Loyola, but cs|H-ciall' 
from which he dn-w inspiration for his constitutio 
divergences from his original plan, or, jHirh 
acc«<iitiiBtion of certain elements (or which I^i 
general, is mainly resjionsible. It is evident tliat 
cliarai't4>r which would lend itself euaily to sui 
surroundml him. He was a Spaniard of the i 
dream wus of one Catholic Church and one Cathol 
by Churchmen. Trninwl hinisulf to tho militii 
sums up all in tho chief, he brought this princip 
tho religious question of the day, and all<>Wi<d li 
victim to certain di>s|M>tic theories of governiiient 
Pojie (Paul IV.) to call his nilo o simple tyranny, 
taught him to observe a painful prtidenou in all he 
and a morbid habit of 8el(-introB|H<ction reaiilttHi 
a machine in which everything was calculuteil to i 
Was tho man who raised up within the Church ol 
which, in other hamls, could, while professing imp 
withstand Pojies liku Paul IV., Pius V., Sixtt 
VIII., and Innocent XI. The cohorts of 
drilled as they wore, ami merging thuir own ind 
that of the tiociety, are said to have saved tho 
from the inroadx of the Reformation. This may o 
pious fiction ; but, if they did so, it was only by s 
to the will of the aociuty. 

From this view of Ignatius tho author lea 
what he wiys aliout the origin of tho cunstitutioi 
allows the .Jesuitii to lio right in snying that 
craille of tho society, not on account of visions i 
for which there is no authority oxceiit that < 
fathers," to whom Ignatius never spoke on tl 
liecausi! at Manresa is niost likely to lie found tho 
tile extraordinary likeness which exists lietwoen 
mental ideas of tho .lesuit Society and those of 
religious UNlies then in Sjiain. Utiior writurs. it 
remaiked this likeness ; but no one, as far as 
goni- So deeply into the subjoct as the present iiu 
ce."ls ill putting In-yontl iloubt the fact that Igm 
the leading ideas of his 8o<-iety from Moslem i 
Worthy of notice that the opposition of Poix-a I 
directoti against thcao liorrowud ideas. 

Sutisni. that mystic and usoteric interprelatioi 
which n-JKled tho ordinary worship of the mosi 
adhi rents in the old Moorish kingdom in .Spain, 
his life in the house of the High Trvusurer of Cast 



July 8, 1899.] 



LITKRATIRE. 



be ituilitxl. \Vli(iii lino o'lii*)* t<i loiiiiMrn oxtracta (r"iti Mnalaiu 
ami ilt'iiiiit NiiiirrKii it i> iiii|«>ii*il>lii not t<> ailiuit tli«ir ■ xiuiiiuii 
i>ri|;iii. Tlii* in riniiliiKil nmrti likuly wlivii wa riiiininlxir lliat 
l|{ii»tiiii> l«illuvi'<l Ihitt till hwl a iiacul cull t<< c'nvi'rt tKx 
Monrii ; mill iiUo wlinn in aft<ir )'«nr» lir wita 'infati-MiKl as t4i thn 
loaaon of any i(i(>iilatiMii, " | |i<arnt it ut Manri'ta, ' wa« liia 
n'|ily. Till) niuin iKiintu nf thu ri'»«'ml>lani'<' nr« four in ii(iml>rr : 
Th« iiovuinnititit uml tl.u alanlntn anil {uaaltv •ilmliinn' 
iwipiinMl )>ninitr If >ii 'iiKi ; tlii> nii'lliiHl u( iiiiliati II ami 
forinntion : tlix vaiiouK (•railna I'l •mrmy ; tln' |iiai-tiral 
•'(TtH't*. TIh' pint'inl iimlir tiitlin- *y>t<'Mi ia tlin •' livinj; rule ' 
Hx uli'iiK i* tliK Horii'ty, all otlit'ia l>«uit; only " dimtionatira 
'riiiN nl auriition of tl>i< niiinli-i* into ttit> iiii|M'rior, who in hii 
turn ia t)ii< iliU'ct vnico of (iial, Ual tliii .Miialniii to fantliciani. 
lutil tliii Ji'Hiiil* to ii riTtniii tonvirtii n MJiirli cnnaiilmil it 
iini>ONNili|«i that onn of " oini " coiilil niaki< a iniatitki'. It >■ 
worth wliili- to call iittfiition to th« fact that •Irauit Mrit4<M, 
knowing; nothing' iilMnit tho cmly yrari> of thvir fouiiiler ami thi- 
nrigiim of thulr MU'lity, hiivo hml i-i>ri>iii*<- to thi< noiiihrfiil. Th<' 
Inter hintory of Uilutili iieiru tioiiiit with niirii'iiloiia ■•jnaiMlfa 
which lire entirely wmitinu in thti larliiT hiatory. ^V|' nmy tnki' 
two imiiitN In illtiiitriitioii i>f till' l^'niiti^m myth nhii-h h<in (jrown 
np ; t'ri'tin«'iiu-.li>ly, who wioti- hia history iimliT .Ininil ilinitioii, 
wiya tho ciuiatifiitioim wi-n- writtfii I'litinly nml atrai(;hl-iiw.iy 
hy thi' Imml of I>;imtiMH, miil iirr pn'i'i vi«l intirt in tlm iinhivta 
of thi> <!i<KU. It «a«, liowi'viT, i-iTt«iiily I.aiiicz »ho (.'nvi- 
tht'm ih-tinifo form. 'I'ho Mjiiritiml KxiTriira "f thi' .Ii'aiiita arr 
not tho invention of Ifinntiiia ; hut ar« tiiknn from tho Spintiml 
Exorcircit of Cimnroa, Aliliot of Monti'Mrmto, whirh 1^-n.ktiiia 
pmctiacil (Ivirinp his atny in tlint ahhiy. Tho .loaiiita iimmI to 
chiim this book iia iiifpireil, nml Ipmtiua" vt«ry own. Hut liit«ly 
P. VViitii^ant iilh>w» tlint tho hook i« a i-onipilatioii uml thut ita 
ilofiniti' form ihitrB from tho your 1541, iirnrly twfi.ty yo ira iiftcr 
hid Biijourn iit Mniirc."!!. 

M. Miillor, nftor qiiotinjj tho oxnmpli' of Frnmia l'.or;;ia. n 
(>roftiSN<>(l JoHiiit while ntill a layman, an itn oxiimpio of m-i rot 
JeauitH, nml pointiii;; nut that tlioro in nothing in tho rule to 
mako mich nilmiaiiion impo-iKil lo, ;;oi'a on to tront of the .Vi-m/'i 
Uriirtii, nhirh hi< rrfiaiilN liioi'i' an n cniicnturo tlinn n imro forgory. 
It in ati'ungo. hi' HiiyN. that no niloquato life of Ilio^o Lniiicr. 
Ima hiKui wiittoii. 'I'ho tloauita hnvo soiii^ht to wrap him 
up in tho Ii^nntinn myth. It in thoic hIuwii nml thia, «o 
tliink, is tho moHt vnlunhlo part of tho hook thnt l.aiiii'Z ;ia\o 
tho political or (to iino tho term in itH nocopteil aoiiiii') the 
Jenuitical turn to tho aooioty. K\en in tlo lifotinio of tl.o foiimlpr, 
Lnine/. wna at hin ell ow with suggoMtinna how to ovvrcomo tho 
(lifticultios of canonical ii'cognition hy an oxproaa vow of 
oho<lionce to tlio I'oj*. n vow which woh afkiiwnn'a llniitoti 
In tho constitutii na to the (tinrral. iKnatiim ro* iim to havo 
iletoctod tho Nuhcmo in l.aini'/., nml certainly iliil not appoint 
him hi.H MicocH.sor. It ia ditf'cult to ilociiln wliat ia Itiiii'tiua' ami 
what id laiinoz's in tho constitutions. At tho ilonth of tho foiimler 
thoy were only in drnft. ami Lainrz, hy .skilfully pluyiiiK I'o) o 
and Kinj- ono npniiist tho othor, maiiagi><l to hnak tho op|N>sition 
mu(U< imninst him hy a larpo party of his hrolhron, nml to j;ot 
the conj;ro;;ation for eloctinp a (ieinnil put otf for two yiars. 
Meanwhile, ho had time to •• proi>nro " tho constitutioiiN for 
I'atifufttion. Hy adroitly srcurin); that tho first hu«ir.0Ha 
of tho conpropition should he tho ohotioii of a (itnorul 
(ho was elected hy thirteen voto.s out of twenty^, lio w«.s ahlo 
when the constitiiticiis were hroiij;ht forwnnl to »« euro ohMliince 
to what tho .lesuits wero ohlipo<l to hold as now tho voice of 
<Jod. Altopether the intripuos of I.aiiioz in this niid other 
niatttTS form n very pretty little example of Jesuitical taitica at 



of an outaitlvf Th«l, like M. i(u|ii<, ha ••nlwl U 
lliirly oiio'ij;)! DuTf a>« owny (let«iU III tiac U*. 
en«u((li t" •tplaiii mUy tlie life of l^ii«;( li*a l«r«i « 
M> Riui'li l»y>l>j>y Ihi* la U"l m» <t atti/ultl U>, t--; 
with AipuititB, afc Ui« real fuuiMlot* of \im JaauiU a* 
III the aotviitMnlh limitary In c-.t>f luilttm Utt* «M«ti' 
ol HI' re than iwual intrftat a» nuty ••; lj«l il ■• diR 
Ih'iiAliii* rotilil lia. e lorramii ■l.al a t<-rrit<k XtmA I' 
h<' Wda pU> lilt; III \,\m haiida of IIMIi Iraa mtttXti} t) •<! hi 
I e lor look tlir tfitditiunaty apilituality it hiaCl.uxh ei 
flora llio .Moalrlli the lilnsa aliich •hinlhl r>llr a I 'hriat 

S»i>T loiirita or Uitia.1, l.jr ll-hnJoly, ti 
Mil<lri'<l i'artr|il;,'f (Iht.kaofth, :b.|. ■• • ah'-tt ai 
an Hunt of thr fiiiin-hr of tii<- K»< it ty nf Jrau*. \ 
iiaoil thi' availal'li' •niiriia <( infoinulloii m\h (,•<• 
iliacriiiiinatton Tin- ino«l liit'-r<«tiiiK chai't't lUartlti 
rar^r at t!.- l°niMr*ily of fan*, ahrrr he rti/'Vi 
thi'U;;ht nn I aiti' n, and ah^rf th" foamUti'ti* "f |)- 
pMiclically lai.l Han- Isnatiua nwH Kranna Xattrr 
of hia spiritual i •'iM|ni'«ta. .M. Joly |adfita 'tit al' 
what Ipnatiila atm«d al aaa rhully ttn' di 'irh') mrtit ••' 
III ha d.»ci|'liii 

OTHER NEW BOOKS. 

Till' I'omniitti •• I'f the national mrtii' rial tr. 1 
havo hecun their work well hy iaaqing .\LrKr.i> mr 'ii 
hy Alfriil IlowkiT ( \. and ('. l!lark, '"■• i. a rotn|«rct 
iHiok whi.h may »how inipiinra what manrx-T "f mai 
Knpliahnian was. Mr Kowker'a | ri'faci' (tat<e that I 
the wide diffnaion < f knowlidi^i- aU'iit ntir (rr<*t tiat 
and that it was ni'Ci'a.anry to r<*lrirt the sm^a- nf th 
thiia " numerous suhjorta ami |'<M>ai)'|a il|ii«tration< 
havi' N'en left for a full i.nil iompl»t«' LioifTaphy »' 
Kinp ■■ Thi' iilitor, who. It will I-' n m<niil rrrtl . a« < 
major hilp«-d t'> inaiipiirat-' thi- mi>Tem<'t>t, la' 
material and nritora to •lut all taat' a AfliT tl 
••entimeiit of Sir Welti r lU aant oimI the pfranaairi- ma 
of Mr. Kio.lerir Harnai n. »>• come lit Work whirh 
scholaiship and which roust U' r<(;aiil<<) .la a r*liia 
hrief. lontritutioTi to our kiiowlixlgo of Alfr»sl 
of Hri'tol utidi'itakes no hiatorical «o-k whirh 
com|M'tent to spoak al out with aathoritr. aixl ••' 
read nnythinc of the kin«l more frreli arid atln 
hi* poitrait of Alfrnl n« a relicioiia man and an i~li 
Ho calls attention to | oints that are nft<-n f 
popular histories, as. for inatanre, that th* wen 
Alfnsl was onpifoil wort- relipioua wars, and, tw 
hand, that the ro-callod treaty of Wrdmorw contanml 
of Christinnity. The liishop aiciiifirantly not«> < 
condition of the i'.i)'acy in the laat ym' of A 
as pxi'laininf; why he did not ni«>ntton in hi« w 
west«>rn I'ce, then sunk in hideoua erinMv 

Mr. Oman, i nr tir>t authority on iTM><lieTal wai 
with full knowlotlce and with kirn inten-^t rn 
warrior. Sir <'leinonts Mnrkl am di»<-u»»*« tie 
googrnphor apjiropriately mid well No I rite' writ 
found to tront of Alfreil's wfitins:* awl hi» laws thi 
Karle and Sir Frederick Pollock. Porhai* th"- f"m> 
jwHlaiitic fir a popular audience, lut n<> ••ri«» d>«'d 
ttnguisho I lawyer a pmlant. and we are c'ail to aes" tl 
and vivacious putuie of .\iij;l'>-Saxon law i« t" ( 
n larser work which he is rrepwrinir for the rn>«« 



12 



LITERATURE. 



[July 



I l<t IiM<i« villi vhat i< at Ivift a nii^rficial mgr*0inpt\t. bImI 
Im mffm l«4h tbv llHh<>i< •!# Briatol aixf |>?\i(t<aai>r E<url«> t«> print 
(ffi. 191 mnH I<V> tho li.lt**' vith which th« Kinf( ai'iit hi* 
tni»*lBli<>n of 6<. ()r«>e«>rt '« P»st xml Riil* t • Itichop W»iTf«rtli 
of Woctostor Vie hope llip l<nok will arrro to •{•mitd kn»»lt<lg« 
■wi i ii t » '»i< in Um> caauuMDorAtioit 



It arrtiu a littl* ivtti, in • day when all otir ilraniatUt-4 are 
makins into |Ttnt with th»ir (Jars, (<t an author t" '• fc«<I." n» 
Mr. R N Maiicham in hia |ir<<fan> ti>ll* "». a« he >)oi-k. that 
"aunM> a|>ol<Vjjy i« tliw f.w a l«»oV containing fir«> long p!€«co»," It 
>• triM that Mr. Maiigliam i* atill i>nt< oi t!.f> E'^*t un»'-t«<l, while 
it >a tH« |']«]r* which havt- already x-rn th<> f<M>tli):ht« tbiit art* 
Win;: p«lJiati«I with aoeh frv<|iK>n-r : l>ut that circuniatanoo 
cart«inljr <Io*i n >i an-m to ini|«ir hia right to ap|i*al to tlio 
tvoilinj;. »■ ilictinct from tlM< play-going, piihlir. Moreover, it 
wo'ilii »r»m prvtiiahin that, for tlM> nioniwit at any nit«. Iio has 
iM-l tSp Ult«r puMic in hi> eye at all. Hi< plea for piihlie«tion 
!• t)uit "ill* <lraroa ii t'wity in a trannition Kta^te. nn<l thai 
pro;:r«a* can only \» attamoil hy ronti'ine*) effort ami experiment 
in tl>« moat Iwauliful l>iit iiuxt ilifhciilt of the aita." For our 
own |Mrt wr ar.> iiulinml t i <Iout>t whether projn'wia in 
«Kal It in r.«lity one of the ni<l ••t and moH |>riniitive of the 
artu on poaaihly !«• achieve^l hy nritiiig pla.v» for the rttidy, or 
itMlr«>l hy any oMmt me«n« than tlio ol<l-fa»hioni>«l ])ractic«l 
lorthoil of ex|*rinicnting continually npi>n aiuliencvs with new 
rariHiea of <lraraa. Itut in any ca»e we fi«r that Sir Pah. 
Pixnta xxb Othmi Pla^k (Grant Hirh:ir(l». •)•.) wilt contriliuto 
littl<^ to thfT iloairad ftnl. Mr MaufthaniK fixitf nn- litemrk' ratlier 
than cinaniatic, nn<l unfortunately, when hix writinjt i« at ita (test, 
hi* " »ta£<> managemi-iit " of hi* (tory, ho to *]M-ak. leuvoa most 
to h* iWirwi. In the p'.irsiiit of |l^ngro^a h" liaa tiie<l lii* lmn<1 
at a rari«ty of ilraDiatic fomi*. " Sir Paul Pindar " i* cV'acrilMo) 
•a " • cojnwiy." " Th«« Maatt'ty of Man " i» a tragedy in blank 
vara*. ''The Hiialauxl of Poverty" i^ aiiotlwr pontic drama 
d*<kling witii Um life of Kt. Franci* of Aaaisi. " Tlio Landsli|> " 
ia a frrim little I)>i«niti*h piece in one act. " The Old and the 
New." callwl •• A 8ketrh f<* a Coniwly." ia ratlior in tlie nianiiur, 
without the TiraciiMu e.-opiitricity, of Mr. (ieorge BomanI 
Hhaw. T)ie two latter alone rove.tl uny dmtnntic pnssihili- 
tM«. The titi<>-pla]r i« too weak in cliarit<-t«'ri7.ati<>n and 
too thin ami tririal in it« intrij^ue to Im' at all likely Ui 
i the attention of an awlienc-, aTid though the two hinnk 
dram** are of cniiilerahle liUfrary merit, and the foniivr 
d tWn ersn attain* in oertain |>a«aaj^< t> the level of po(>try. 
the Bt»r7 ia n«t kept in hand, the tceiioa aeem rather t>> auocoed 
cacu*lly than t • Kr«>w logieally oot of e»cb other, and thoae that 
atrik* lOe ■•■•■t in reeding apimar the most luri-ly fati'd to 
mue tlivir nark upon the sta^^e. 



IwrBsasio^a or AMBBK-A.by T. C. Porter ( Pearaon , 10a. 6d.), 
ia a very ordinary aoroint of a tourist's tri)> to tlia I'liitofl 
iHttea. The atithor " ha<1 a moat int«Toatin;i convMraition on 
the O-ilf .'•trpim." and viaiUxl Niagara, Vonemile, Colorado 
M|vinc«. ami other |4a«ea ahieh it is not no«a<layR (:onerally 
•oaeidMwl neevsArr ti writA Ito-ika abniit. Tbv «-nliime ia 
Itbemlly ill'iatnkteJ aitli iwliff<7refit photo-,{Tiiphs, and a atereo- 
ae>>i« t* (liven anay «ith it We ilid not (>:iriM-lv<M timl that the 
ilaieo nwin i' imirovnl the phntoura'/hf very much : but the 
4iraeti<4M f<iv luin-^ it are |oii){ and c •m]'licat<«), and we may 
h«ve fsiWI to unlerataml th<mi. TImt.- are several »;>|eDdic4>* of 
• annre or lea* arientihe charvctAT. The phy*iol'>)(ical obBer\-a- 
tK-na c/n Pike's P««\i aro int«r««tin,( wiu-ii compare I withthoeaof 
HiKnor Ancel* Moaeo on Monte Koee. 



wotild expect. th<vi« rt>^««nltle and repeat e«oh ( 
extent : but tlie following is a curious story : — 

A Uiy, l>on> in Chicajjo. and rent away froii 
hi* Conduct was tiioiiftht by his father t*i Ini i 
•oil of a winistttr, drifttxl down tiie Yukon j 
Mako a claim on itonaiicu ('iM'k during tiio 
The claim nalixod lnr{;u Mims of money, i 
Bipiandered n* fimt as ho n<cidvi<l thuin. The ik 
fortune finally reached the father, who made a 
Chit«|'o to |ti(WMiii, only to find that the Uiy, i 
the father's inteiided visit, hud jjiveii his mone; 
to a cirl in ii daiue hall, and ha<l dcpHit>'<l for i' 
n NUtall iMint. The futluir reirniiu-d in I>uWMin ' 
then returned to tliu l'nitt*d Statos thoi-ou);l 
jii-<d»iibly, liowevor, moi-o ovur the h)s« of the 
the l)oy. 

Some interi'sting facts are also given Hliout 
provision* at Ihiwson in the oiirly days. Flour roi 
to fifte*-)! |>oundr< a suck, hominy was six shilling; 
four nhillinjix a |>ound,NU){ur half-a-crown a ]viund, 
milk four hhillint^* a tin. The firht milking n 
fetched oij;ht i>oiindi«, iind nftor»a:ds the tluid 
hhillinx* a pint. Tlie first turkey t> nrrivu waa 
yielde<i foity jHiund*. 

In SlM'IAL PlIAHRH or KnCCATION IN TUB E 

HoMR. by Siiiiiuel T. !>utt<m (Macmillan, 5a ), wo 
of liit'irtM deliverwl at Harvard an<I other Anierici 
by an Ins|>ettor of S<.h<Mils in Now KnKhind. Ami 
<ibvioiiR and much that is of purely profo««ion< 
l>iitU>n (zivea us, now and again, nn illuminating 
present |iosition of odiicution, chiefly primary hU' 
Americ'i, and ea|ie':ially in tlie Atlantic Stittoe. 
of the " inexciianble slowneui " witli which edu< 
improved in the districta with which he is lieat ik 
|)oint« out tliiit, until within recent yeais, littlu i 
ing, writing, and arithmutio wore attempted i 
schools of the smaller towns. Perhaps, if Mr. 1 
f.imili:ir iis wo are in Rngland with some of the i 
to the opposite oxtrvme, his discont^-nt would 
mo<1ificd. Hut his indictment extends K-yond 
and embraces thu buildings, which, he dwlares, 
for the occupation of young children. His ad 
Kindorgiiitun is a trifle extmvagnnt : but ho hai^ 
n>ally interesting to S'ly about the difficulties 
schoolmaster in dealing with tlio " only child," wh< 
» troublesome subjoct. Acconling to Mr. nutt< 
serious count of all " against the Ameriam aysta 
ia that " it doua not provide such trade instructi 
the gi-ammar-school gnuliiatu to enter at once u| 
of a hindicnift. ' Tlie I'niUxl Stlitt^s cloea not 
that rCRjiect ; but it is proltable, oa he augf; 
Amoric.in tnule unions would lie making good iiae 
and energies if they devutod a jiortion of thom to 
of h:itif1icrafts which appctais to bo evon more nej 
water than, until recently, it was— and in many 
in KD;{lan I. 

BIOGRAPHY. 

Ci.Avnr: Usbvard, by Sir Michael Foster, K.( 
(Fisher I'nwin, Mastora of Me licine Seriea, (iri(« 
•eienoe of physiology owoa ao much to Claud 
me<licine owes so much to pliyaiolo,;gr, that the gn 
tlm College da France la fittingly incliidwl in a 
dealing witli ttie )iiogr8]iliioR of the moatt^rs of merl 
poaaeSMxl two attribiitea of gnniiia : he could liri 
cliiaiuna from imtierfent i>r«mis«», and, when ha I 



July 8, 1899] 



LITERATURE. 



to |>liyRiolu;;y an I rniwIieiiKt. A knowlral^n u* tliu tutninr haa Inl 
to th« fuin;tiMfiil trnuliiixnt of KOltra sml iityxoulama, wliilu tiw 
(«xitit«m<.'n of vano-inntnr n«rva« tutu nivttliitlMoiKral t)ia |>tiy*tolot(jr 
of thA i-irrulstloii, Bn<l in of ilailjr valim to tho (ihyaii'iaii. So 
i>n», [lOrlmiMi, U Uittxr Iktlo'l to i;ivn »ii a<-i-oaiil of tlia fmtwU 
innNtur of iiioiliTti phjraiolo.'jr t'mii Hir Michitul Koator, (iltnaalf 
tliK riipranniitutivn |ihyaioli>«'i>t of KiikUikI uihI thn foiioiU'r of 
tlio ('aiiiliriilK4< ai'hool. Hut Htr Mivlianl ha« lianlly iloim juatti.ii 
»ith»r to liim«»lf or to hi* tulijret in Una voliiiiix, anM tlw IxMik 
ia thnruforn tlii< lna>it mttiafixtury of uii lnt«rmiciiit> anrlM. It ia 
miK'li iliurtur tlian it* roininiiiiona, aiiil th« i-arlinr iliaiilvra ari> 
haatily and ratlmr cnraloaaly written. Kvkii a<> wnll knewti a 
iiiuiiiiaa William Italy, tlm tranalatorof MilUor'a " Fliyviuloi,'^," la 
■|nilt inroiTiM-tly. TlioiH ia a ({o.hI |>ortrait of Clatxln llnrnanl 
AH a frontinpiniMi, ami a autliciant indttx. 

TiiK IjUK or HiK .lo.Hrric I'kbmtwhh, M A , DC.L., 
F.R S., furiiiurly Profonaor of Oixiloyy in tlm Univi-raity o( 
Oxfuril, wi'itton iiml tolitix! tiy lui Wifi< ntlnokHiHHl, '.la ) 
Jo«i<|>li Pi'i'atwioli waa oiiu of t)i« fortuiiato faw wlioai< iiiin<l» <lo 
not ^ruw oil! with thnir l>oilit>a, hut wlio rulaiii tluor iiotivity aiiil 
Mithaaiaaiii uuvliuiixixt throii)(l>out lif«. Uurn ia IHI'J, lu tin' 
a«nio lUioatIn with Mun-liiHon, Dima, t'oii^fitlly, lKiuhriM>. 
8to«nitru|>, ItuuiMiy, nixl Whitimy, unioii^'at utliara u Ito ruau to 
«nniii«iic« in tliu aiinia liolil, hi* coiitrihulioiia lu ui'<>luxic«l 
lituraturii rikn;;u from 1H:14 to lHt)6, itiid iiumhur 1 10 in nil. (>f 
Uiumi tliii Ixiat known, unil, ou tlm wIioIk, ttiu moal iiii|iortiiut, 
aru tlia two volunitM on " (jt'olo^y, Chnuiii:ul, I'liyaioil, mul 
Ktruti^THiihiciil," iaautxl hy tho Chirumlon I'rraa in 1880 n in I IHH8 
Tliuu^h thtii-v ia nuirh vitlualiie mntorial in hi* |nt|H<ra whiih iliil 
not mimit of incliiiion in thi.i work, ii<liliti<>niit iut'T'-at ia ){ivon 
to mftny of thoau in thu pn-avnt htUKnkphy, whuruin tiii< ilitvution 
of an activt) uml ailent Ii0l|«r ia upjarunt, thon;;li thora ia 
nowiiere anytiiin;{ to which thu mo.it criticti frii<n<l or wlmirur 
OouUI uhjact. Frxatwioh wiia loD^ involviol in liu»ini-aa piimuita, 
but, ainit fiom thin ivati iction of hia Uiiaiiro, hi.s iifi> wiia 
un<liaturl>iKl hy any aoriuua illni'iut or l>eruuVMinant, or l>y 
inonetury CJinvt. tlis [K-rMouiil chunicU-r ««« of thu nohloat — 
thoroughly maaoiil inc. Tot full of tfiu Icrudas an<l almoat cl>ilil- 
liktt in ita froahnosn ami frva<lom from ;,;uil<>. Hi.t rntiiv 
interest waa contrixl on uix'lo^jy, uml for tho ortlinury ri>luxutiona 
and amusonu'nta of life he c*ro<l little. Of tlio many controvuraiaa 
in which he took |iart. nonu will ao wxll liear roi'allin;; hi're aa 
that over tlie tlint im|>ltiauinta collecttMl hy M. lk>uchiir di< 
Purtlies in valley ^r^tvala in thn n<'ii;hl>ourh»ofl of AhlMivillo 
some forty years ai;o. Witli few uxc«|itii>i\s, theao wiTn ^enuiuu, 
and particularly vuluahle at thu tiiii<' a.s I'viili'iici's of tho 
co-exi»toiico of tho human r.ico with (]undni|ie<la Ion," simii 
extinct. But a scrutiny hy Pre.ntwich, Kalcoiu-r. Husk, and 
C'arjientor threw douhts upon tho autin-nticity of sonio, »nd in 
particular of a human jaw u|M)n which nuich rvlianco w;ia phiceil 
by their Kreiich collaii^juoa. Tho oxjiosuro nearly hn>ko tho honrt 
of poor old do Perthes, whose good faith had nover lieen in 
douht, and whose oxprossion to Kalconor, I'uii.i m'ltrrz t>if, ihownl 
how koonly he felt the hlow. On this side the channtil, howoror, 
)P»oloj;i8t«s \vaxu<l merry, and tho " Book of tho Royal 
Haroniorors," a collection of " nugao." hy Follows of the 
Geological Society, contains a livoly skit hy T. W. N<>wt<>ii. 
datud Fohruai-j', 1804. Lady Puwtwich givas no rofoioncB to 
this aniu.ting n\omonto of the controversy. One vorsi-. it we 
renicnihor rightly, niu thus : — 

Now Mr. Prcstwioh. whoao grout skill jH'miit-i him to unruvol 
All mystoriiw of goology. es|ieciiilly rivor gravel. 
While ho pronounced tho IkmIs to 1h> of gonuine ililnvium. 
Elio de Beaumont thought thom little hi>tt«r than alluvium, 



mn%U>» u( l^airfai ami u( C'romarall, la oam at liw Imms 
tltn graat |airi'«l u< \i%m Cttil Waf, Inl bu cfeaixt 
iinv<rttl>alaia, an iiu|ii<rtanl ikHail In tiM> lital>x>'»i 
TImi eofidieUOM a<c>>unta nivea by liu ciait»m|«M«. 
matorial tot (lkaiii<4rieaUy up|itn«lo cxtcltiawx.* 
ct>ar»rt<ir. Wa tiats tba aulustiwiM <ti H tnlltf »|> ai» 
Putois' own ai count i-f UxmmmH, mtxlUu juat >»<■ fa ku 
aa a n>Kl<>)d", ami <>ti |>io ullt^ atila lija •«t<:«al 
of \X%a Koyaliat, > kok*. wku n>i(*(tU Ikim not ■•olt « 
failliloaa t'f hl< o<tth uf allottiaiire, aivl • r>||l<.lsW, I' 
bu!f<'<>n, an aiUaiiturrr, aixl a tuuaa ti<«T 

I'otoual Coli>mh ia a atancli Royaliat. ai>'l m a («••• 
ho I'oiiiparixi *'rum*i>II and lr«^>ii to Uw c>-t>a|(t< t>/t* 1^ 
ally rory littU' to aay In favour of llvir al!x. Hoi 
Tlia chiaf |«>inta ifi hia iifltctUHXit rofrf I" I'ctevi |<k 
III the r»KW:idal |ilola , to Ilia firrlif&txl aartn'n.a. In 
coni|«rixl ti>« Kiiij{ ti> Haral'laax. aiul tlM< lt«ui»tl.««<l 
Christ; U> hia ioaohul Iwhi-.i -or t"«at<U l,a>»l iltirii: 
of the Archhiahop , aiul to hia iiilluacioB in titn 
iiiiuiaacru. Coloiud < lolorah abowa d-> a|>|<n lad^o 
remnrkahlo vnraatitity . hia Iwli^lity tu liia <;au*» . hi* a 
huiuAiiity Kiwi will* viawa in million, ii|>ut. abicii Mf 
dwolla in hia history of tlia Civil \\»i a rocnl'inaliu! 
which ri'iwlormi him ao inv.>lu*h|" in lUaliU;; with 
sotiliors of Cromni'll aixl Imton. an<l in rsxmcitin,; tt> 
ditreruiicesof hi* {Mrty Potara' ait ha r*Kar<la a* akorr d 
and his nmrvolloua iiitliioiin< aa a |irf» hav. •«(>'«tally up 
us u happy kiu»'k f T " thtml>h> aivl iMvlkin oratory " I 
thuchupluin'* privatd lifi<. whieh alT..rla<l a n»-i.t ariti 
(or a touching pii-tiir<- "f an iinl^rtunsta hnalwixl m 
■ leiiiciitt'd wifo Is iNpully tinfaiotxahlv Ho i|t|..|<na f 
tho old atoiii* how ho c<>tirt>«l hi< aifo aith ti-.a e-'im 
he hati lnarn<'<l in hi* youth oa an a<t'<r, and !>■>« b'> 
was forced to lo»va Kiigl.tnd for HolUn<l owing t" ! 
with a citizen'* wifu. Hodooa not, in))**!. atta<-h rrwl 
tho p:trtiul uIli>(;ationa kI Voni{o, tnit throu){kout 
nn undio- proniininc"' t-i the ovid^noi o( P«>t»ra' r 
tom)M>iarios and too littlo t<> th« faVi.iirahlo vt-tclict 
ami Folt. Hi* Ix-ok ii loo (>artial in spirit to ra.-ry 
hut it shows un pxlutii*ti«o knowlmlK* of th» liocum 
periixl, ami proiluo'S onoiigh f,'<n\ evidmcn to ratA) 
douht aa t<> uhcthor ths |>n<va|i'nt < loo "f Hugh P<>tara 
is not too optimistic. 

Wo have rvcuivail Volunui III. of i° l{ r<ri Boa> 
mooK.iiMiv, cumpilui from his diary, l*lt"n, aixl r«cn 
wifo an>l his priv^ta a«ct«tary (Paaamon- arxl Alil-aatn- 
It is olio of thoso Uboiir* of lovo by whK-b mtiriam is 
Kven ita <pialiti«a of ox<aaaiv» lan,rtb and axaifgaratMl 
on •HX-iirrencea o( no |k.trticuUr ini{>ortanoa will o«ly ba 
attractions in tlio oy«a of many taar fara . Th«|ari>«l 
the voliinto ia from IHTitV-ISTS . anal it abuwa ua boa 
comporto*! himsalf in all a<>rta of plaoa*. imni tba pi. 
Tabvmacle to tlm auramit of tb» Col cii Vai lK>bbia 

Towania th« aikl of tba volume tbora la a rha|itaT 
Uia pastor's witticiatna. Thvv ar«> lo«.« |kili*hsil than tJ 
Kev. Sidni^ .Smith, but they prove that high *(>iril 
inconsiatmit witii a Calviniatic omcaption of lii« uaiv« 
is one of tiiom : — 

A gantloiitan said t'> ma i>n'> day. " Ah, Mr 
I ilon't uam> witli yoii aUMit n-liitKXi I am an i 
" Yo»," I lopliiil, " tiiat I* a CtnN>k «<>fi|. aial 
e«{uinkUnt is igiioramu* . if you liko t.> cUim tha 
are ipiita wel<>>nw to it." 

Tlie rMitc Antumnit (if tiiat b« tba propar wotttv w** 



14 



LITERATURE. 



[Ju 



Mhtioo ), MiitMl t>y Mr. I'. H. IU*<-k. Ttiv toiuntv latt iitentiuoMl 
ia |ank-uUrly full o( ina|a atitl intoiination. Tbc< |;<ii<l<> to 
Kurr** CtrrtAi (lk«rhiBi:». fcl n. )«ill I* o( little i>»« t« miv 
•*• «Im> buy* It in th* ko)« that it will tell him •«m<<Uiini: nlHuit 
CwitarhurT, ivr lb» |Jm« ahirh it will tell him alKitit i« 
MkMtMor«. Ita eacccMl olition i* iMtieil in otnitesinn with the 
K<>j-*1 A|enr<iltiiral Sh«>*. Tm« Ka'Tkh.x Coi ktiw. in M(«arii. 
l>uUu'« " Tb<«\-<t|;h (iuiiiv" S^r«. I>y Mr. C (i. Want, <li-al» 
rhtrHr aith ritrur«ii>n* (r\>iii the »at<>rin(; |>lact«, bimI Ium an 
^>iu>ilanrr t>( ma|«. 

A Ti'lume i« 8outii»rT {'2*. M.) i> new aikteil t<> tho mmiok 
(4 i;ut<l»-bkKJ(» viittmi by Mr. Hi>p<> Moiu-iieff, aixi piibliiJiMl by 
M>«ar«. Black. It luut a |il<«*«nt litvntrf flavour, aiMl an 
ons^unal t'Huh i>( «|<arkliiic huinoiir. I'lidrr iUUi, fur exiunjilc, 
«• r*«tl, " For what may be c-allc*! tli« prvliintorio hiktory of 
H*th «• r«ii rafer o«ir reailars t<> the ' I*o«tliiinioiia I'apvrii of tliv 
Pu-kvick flub," chap, xxxri. ; " ami un<W Lynton, " S.11110 
Ti*it><r«, who Would Ix more at home in Margate, tMmplain that 
Utare i> Dothinf to iU> of an evaoing." Thoy KhouKl, of nuiriie, 
be cxilent t<> »it out in the «tr(>«>t and lirten to the rirer Lynn. 
Mr. MonrriefT kno«>. an<l iiMki<* gixxl ure of, hi« Hlaokniore, hin 
Whytp Melville, hi* Uar<lan Pugp, and, in fatt, all Uie author* 
Breilnl f>r hi* purp<>M>. 

PiiTt kcogiB Kkinti HUH, by KaUmrine F. Lockio (Lockie, 
3a. 61I B ), is a giiitW-book. uiid something more. It ituppliei 
the toiiriit witli all lu-ct-a^ary informatioii ; it trucia the hiatory 
•f the city— more p.irticulHrly it« lit^'rary hi«t«r}° ; iind it also 
•liacuuieea «n auch m<i<lein iiutti't* »• drain*, docks, and st^-uni- 
sliip c<>m|iani«e. It o ntains, if wo hivi* coiint<<<l oont'Ctly, 534 
lllu«trat)ons, ii>cltidinc muiiy old poilraits of Iv<Hnbiirgh 
DOtablve, atwl a collection of thirty-serrn old views of Iv<1inburgh, 
Moetly from ilrawing* by John Ewlmnk, R.S.A., publisliitl in 
1S26. An interoeting rhaptt-r is that on ii(>u'*p.i]>ois, from nliich 
we (athcr that the first nvwiiiuper I'Vvr printtHl in Sootl.iml w»s 
callttl " Mercuriiis Scoticiii, or a true chantcter of iitfiiini in 
Englaml, Inland, SootUnd, and otiier foioi^ {Kirts, colloote.1 
for public Satisfaction," ami printed, for the tiist time, in 16.'>1. 
Then follows an an.-oant of the origin of the " Si-otsmnn.*' It 
is state I that the proprietors " l«gan in a very hund>le way and 
oalculateil thU with :)00 subscribers the iKipcr would pity." Vet 
tbey paid their editors £fiOO a year. Tlie first nmiiber c<intainc<l 
eleven a«lverti»ement*, all of publidicrs. Miss Lockie may be 
congratuUte.l on hating writta-n a M-ry interesting lMK)k. 



THEOLOGY. 

Ajt IrrrKopnTKJs to the Kimi Book or Hookrh'n Tkratise 
ormtLAWoor K«<Lt«u«Ti«AL I'oLiTV.by K. I'a^'et, I). I). (Claren- 
don Press, 7* M.). rnderthismcidesttitlelVHii Paget has priHluce<1 
• »»»y c«rrful tmktise on the most im|x>rtaiit section of Hooker'* 
faiaoDS work. The scale of the Look is larger than that of l>eAn 
Cbarrh's introduction to Hi-ok I. of the '• Kccleaiantical Polity," 
and though I>r. Paget aasurea us that it has iin direct reforonce 
to the tn/nb'.es now agitating the Church, the ap]ie«rance of his 
bnok i* certeinly opportune. At Buy raUi. the chaptor in which 
he (kacriliee with sttiiliotis faimi-s* the Puritan jKieition exhibits 
eery rl<«rly the piincipN-s of jnaent-ilay " Protestantism." 
We know o< no more ju»t c«timat<' than thin chapter contain* of 
tJM great ability and re»olute rbaractaT I'f Thonia* Cartwright : 
mm! I>r. Paget rrrogiiiju-s with the inont ix-rfect impartiality 
" the gr<«tn«as ai.d |<«r«itt<-nce of the neglect." and the gravity 
of the abaeee, which litit vtrength ai>d plaa*ibility to the 
PnritMi cause. He commi-nts. too, with jiist severity on 
Hooker's <Mrnce r.f pinralitira " It i»," be n-marks, " a 
iuHi^inent affminat Hnoker that hn fati<>r«t tn.ru mn,\ 



Hooker's wi>rk is indeed worthy of a |M<riiM 
great |>erils, and great In-ginnings " : and it i 
his t«>aching should still seem " strangely frua 
of tlirve <^enturies. An interesting {Mirallul m 
drawn l>etween tlie oratory of Burke and tb« 
The work of Imth men haa a force und <lepth « 
a style of reasoning in which, a* Dr. Paget In 
arguments are not exp(<<lients but achievemontx 

The most valuable of tlie ap|)endioe* is ' 
Copy of " The Book of Discipline," taken from 
in the I^mbeth Library. This draft seems t 
" The Din-ctory of Church Oovernmunt," publ 
was probably coiupletud before IUM). 

It only n'mains to say tliat Dr. Pagat'i 
trac«« of tlie fact that he lias only Uh-u able 
intervals of lei*urv simtche«l from a busy I 
lN>auty of the style and the thoroughness 
combine to make this " Introduction " u notcw 

TiiK HiKTOKV or Kt. Viscknt dk Pail, b 
Bishop of I.,aval, translated by the Hev. J 
Longmans, 16s.), is not tolH> rpgardu<l as a c( 
biography. The int4irt«t of St. Vincent'* cu 
that by sheer practical genius ho U-came a pioi 
modem social reform. The range of his chari 
have made him a nniifue jHTsonality in any agt 
handed ho orgaiii£e<l work* of charity among 
scarcely touched by Christian effort— gnlley-s 
mendicants, prisoners, lunatic*. The Bull 
canonization hanlly exaggerated when it d 
" omnium egentium ot misororum |>orfugium." 
which he devoti-d hi* utmost energy waa the 
training of the clergy. This side of hi* work i 
dnecriled by Mgr. Bougaud, but his p«ge.s are 
neits ot torn-, espi-cially in reganl to',tho activity < 
The two conspicuous faulta of the l>ook 
extipgeration both of sentiment and oxpressio'i 
its lack of an historical background. Wa ai 
innumerable references to 8t. Vincent's " daz/.l 
and " angelic " character and achievem 
considering the date of the saint's career (1676-! 
Rilenco in regard to ;x>ints of contem|)orary hist 
rogrettul. The translation has been, no doubt, 
but it must bo said that it contains many f 
expreesion. We rcarcely think that tho phott 
the second volume is appropriattdy chosen. 

In The Tbial or Jehuh Chbikt : A Legal 1 
Taylor Innos, Adv.KiaUt (T. and T. Clark, 7s 
endeavour* to show how far the procMlurc in th< 
the Roman acconled with legal and iKjuitiible 1 
course, the gn at difhdilty in such a task is the lU 
to the nature of the evidence— f.;/., as t<i the relt 
of the two trial* l>eforu the Sanhedrim, at 1 
morning, and us to the aignificaiHe of the |wi 
depicted in the "Gospel of Peter," where 
ap|iear in Session together, and sentence is pr 
former. Mr. Innes, however, premiHca that 01 
nurrntivea arc etjunlly historical in all their par 

AVitli reganl to the Jewish trial, he iioints o 
rules forbid the holding of a capital trinl by 1 
day before a Sablmth or feast, and that they ei 
meiit for the acrusc<1 to call witnesses, 
comlemnation is taken to have been not necessa 
tion of deity in that utterance " at the right hi 



July 8, 1899.] 



LITKRATL'KF. 



With raporil tn tlm Iti'irmii trial, Mr. lime* aiiifeMt* tliat i'ili»t« 
renli^ciMJ tlm trim drift «f mir l.ortl'a t<-«cliine, *ii<l, litin tln' lalnr 
|i«rii«ciitor)i, i<'r('«ivii<l thnt a riili|{i<>ii with a wurlil-cUirn 
wua iiiui>iii|<atil>li' wi;fi l(<>niaii |Milir^. Ttiii ia auraly bii 
nnachroiiiiim. 

Twi'iity-(ivc yi.iir« li iTi- |>aiiM> I niiire Mr Tyl»r fir»t |>iil>liiiba<l 
Ilis thooTii'N im to thti iiiMiiiiiii'ti ima lIH) n.< . ■•( (irtmk thi>iiKht •>ii 
.lowiiih— Ki ul>'iiinKt«* iMiiiiKlaki'ii im thi<(|H4'iitl pr>4lii. t <•( that niix- 
ttlio -mill ill V.I I i.r.i|AtrK« (Niitt, <U. ii i li« ii<>w |>r>'M>iita ii< with • 
n«w iNlitiiiii, hriti^'iii); hi* inrliiT work up to •latf In •|>:tti i.( tha 
iritiriiiii— from Pr. Choytio in particular V> whirh thmw 
thi'orii'M liiivii Im.cii milij.xl.^l. it hit* h«-«>n K"ii<'rally foil that Mr. 
Tylt'r'ii cnito wax » fairly iitri>ii|; oiii', micl aiiioii|-iit lh<.a<' who 
hav« ^'ivi'ii him thoir luthfiaioti i>n>< ii ait-a'* th« luiiao i>f Ui« lat" 
I>o»ii of Willi., Dr. Plumptro. 

H in thuory in I>ri«t1y a* follow*, for ii<<vi>ml lU-cadiw prvvinu* tn 
the Mncoikhii nil r.volt (Itl7 li i.) thi- fJnok at-hoolii of philiMophy 
hiiil iiiiiiIk thuir iiilhit'iiL'ti folt in .li'rimnh'iii. Thnt " olil innn from 
Atlii'DN " whom Aiitioi'huH Ht<iit wim mily thu hot <>( n o>iiiiiiil«rahl« 
lino. hol>atiii){ Kovictii*. Ronu'Mhat aftar thi< lanhion of tlu' 
<ire''l< lie iili<mi)'i,w>'ri< I'NUthlinhiil in th« pncinrta of tlm Ti'MipIo ; 
nnil of tli« iir^iiiiii'iitH ('urriifl on in tlii'io rirrh-* Kiila'aiaitca 
reniaiiiH ii« niit'xiiniple. It in fiirthor iiii);t;i'iit<'il thnt thf variaMoii 
of th« different (irnrk nchooU arconntx in noiim mt^axiirn fi r tht< 
«liver>;i'li>y of tht> •K'wiih ««^ctii tliiit thn Phurinooii w<'n> inili'htixl 
to thii Stolon, tilt' Sii<l(liico<'n to KpioiiruK. the KnMnif* to 
Pythajjoriin. Ccrtninly tho utrongont piui of Mr. Tylrr'ii work 
ia that in wliicli hi' |H>int« out t'lo (trrok coinciili'nri-i in 
Eccltminnte,*— thoHo i lean of conforming oim'ii lifr to nature, of 
the proccsHion of tivcnta in '' tho iinillcnH round," nnd of 
rt'-nl •orption into tin- World-Soul It may hi-ohjictKl. howi.vnr, 
that such idt'iis witu ly no inonnH ooiifinrd to (iroco, itnil thnt 
th»> cxigtin;; rt'cordn of tin- pro-Mnccnlniin ixrioil do not iH><'ni to 
warrant such ik thorcu;,'li llnlioniirntion an thr theory nniuiren. 
The Siidduceen with thoir mat«rinlistic view of life are more 
);euerally reKHnUnl na RUivivaU of older •ludainm. And thu 
origin of the otlier sictn cun l>e plaunihly nceoiintiil for withmit 
the nfRumption of any direct indehtelneMi to OriHik nixsnlatioii. 
Aj;iiin, if Mr. Tyler is corrm t in his ilelinratinn of the 
rolationahip of the (ireek nchooln to the liiilihiniciil. how dor* 
he account for the fact that, until lato in the Middle A;;i», 
Italiliinical literuturo took no nc.Muint of the .lewinh Phitouint 
Philo? Such a diflicidty, however, and other difliciiltion of like 
natiiro, disappear if, inntead of impiitiiij; a Pnlestininn ori^-in to 
Ecclesiaatns, wo follow IV. Pliimptru in assigning it to Aloxandri.t. 

ThK KriSTI.K. TO Till; ft AI. VTI ANS AN Kim VY ON ITsl)>>TINV- 

TION AND Datk, by the Ilev. K. H. Askwith (Miirmillm. :ls. M). 
is II ciireful ess ly enl.irpixl from one that obtained the Norrini m 
Prize in IWtS. In tl e main the writer supjH)rt» wimt in known 
lis the " South (iiiliitiiiii theory," iidvociite I so convincin;;ly by 
Professor Riimnay. The essay is a jjoixl "s|iecinien of tl:e 
independence and thorou^;hneis characteristic of the youn;;er 
generation of C'amhridgo s.'holars. 

A Short Hlstokv or thk Hkukkw Tr\T ok tmk Oiii 
Tk.stamknt, by Mr. T. H. Weir (Williams an 1 Norgate, fis.), is n 
brief but useful niiniial. The pl.iten are ex-ellent. We mny 
es]«>cially niont'on the facsimile of the Car|'eutran Inscription, 
execute I by the Claren Ion Press. Mr Weir's chapter on the 
alteration of origin d documents is likely to I e of service in 
correcting narrow notions of inspiration. 

Two more volumes of the " I'olychrome Hible " (James 
Clarke, (is.) ha\c U^en issued, Kkkkiki., editail by P:ofeS!«,r Toy. 
of Harvard University, and .lo.siii v, e<lit il by Professor Itennett. 



iU>iM<t-< llio illlfDrciil alrala ol lh> ibjcuinxx* utfWfiiriti 
<>( Ibn Olit TMtatnnil, tliarte ka ><>«j> (or tJ« |-t«t 
opintiHi , Itit thU, •• «B lia«a Ita4l or<«ai</«i i<> |«,trit 
is tlio liwvitalilo WKaknMM ol iht> " |>ol)reiir<i«n« ' »y{ 
Ihl* v»»K tlw la«k »( illaL-riiaiiMtiii;; l>is illtf cfat iaAifn 
oiitriiatnl lo voty conifmXtint liaiwU. lr>ct'lMit«l)y 
l!«niuttt's roiiittM'iildry idrlmlM a full anr<><iiit of 
Antrim tdbteta. T>u> illu*tr.4liofia W«<a iwilitof; l<> ba 

RBpniirra. 

■Mnoar* Mat-iiitlUn |»iblitti * " aHu\mt»^\ • lili 
Moritx lliuch's IllnMtki a lifts n /, whlili «tU, 
IIimI iiii4ii> re,»al«ir« 

Wi' liairu m-oiVK I ttui Aral inoiiltily ri'itnli*' •.( I 
i>( th« 0\roai> Kliillnit Ihi'tloltal M'lamkt>4l 
reai'ho* Iroiii A (t» which Ihf.'o-aiHl-a-hall cobitnfM oi 
t«i Acrioiu, and kivm u» nighty.«ii'ht (laK*^ "1 «ni»>»»>t 
liixirography, U>iitid in stiff bluinh-fc-rwy |*f. '"' ^ 

Nearly nrory ptiblistxT .if i>ot^ ho* u-m hx <.•», 
Hhakea|ioar«, ,-«ihI inany of tlt«m am oi^-olletit Woit 
n|«cial fi«liire o: Iraliirix whic'i rsixUc ttwtn ptrttculu 
to th)' m«N i.f a nivcial clan* ol re»U'ca. Tb* HnirsiiJ 
ilKAHi; (<'oiiat«l'le. 5a. "a<b vol I, »lit<>|l.y Mr II A.I 
with the anaintaiuv of iH T ')rf|;ory Ki-«tr.' Oi.'' 
Klnon, which is now cnrnplet^nt l>y thai |n<oa> of it* tav 
should ln> iiiiiiiiually altractitv t-> t)M< rt^advT al 'ixl 4. 
in naliicanl ulmo«t t'l u xiiMtm ><im , ttiar* ar<' no intraa 
illustrativi' iiotax, only a In if entreat ap|nrat<i> ai»l 
gloanary to each ploy. Iliil th- t-xt is aalniirablT prii 
I'hinwick Pri s« on ii br'Wil |«^'e in •Irn.dai '-oliitniui i 
ty|n< aiiil libcr-il niargins . itiid it is futth*' |iroTiala 
conveiiii'iicai of numU'r^Hl ImaMi for «•. h •cvim «► 
h.inil, we do not think that much is ^-ainrvl by arrnnj;it 
in each L'roiip comixlien, bistoriea, tra^ealia* - in ch 
orler, l-aicaiino, an a mntt<>r of !act, IX' i-n* if tha> rh 
onlms hitherto nuggesta'al ran l« n^itrtla'al a* mor« thai 
.\nd if you narrangp at all. why liM<p tba. t)u*«(>.Id | 
the Kolion ? Also, the Tidiiniea s««iii to us a littk 
holdin.' in the liMixIa , ulthougb, a« t-x-h | Uy 
s<'|>nrnta'ly, they ran, of couisa>, I <• split up an<l rw>i. i 
rather a pity that Me«»rn. ('i.natable ilo not isaiie lh<- avl 
alternativi' sintrle-play form It *b<>uhl ).<• stlalral th 
ki><-|<a closa' to the «^uart<« and Ki>Iit>a. anal that t) 
aaloptinl, mostly from Thi-olwld ilnst of a^im ii.lators 
fully noted 

Ktii'i Jiilt.i, R-Iki,1 Ii.. .Ill I ll'iiiy II' are t'la . 
Vol. VI. of the Ktranirv Sii i»ir.«ra.»*e i .M«.-«niUar 
hi« intrmliictii'ii t" the tir«t of th«M> playa IH Hv(f-<i 
itn pri'.Mlrnor, •• The Troublesome iUlKUe ■•( KlIV J.ihr 
je. t I'll which we piiblmh el«a-»lM>ra> an artirU by Mr. It 
.viia'are'd »<rk, In- hol<|«, ■• i» the work if a ntoii «h>»* 
wan niire fervent, whoM< IVotestAOtisiii «»• lf>«a IaiwiII 
that of hi< .MarloweMpiP pn<a|p-en«.r. 

We hare the library nliti-'n, in two Totiimea. 

Parknian'n Tiir. C'ovnriKuA or Povrn. iMaonillati 

How it differn U"m the i«rlie«t »>liti<'n« the anth'< • 

hin preface, whor<' lia> nayn tliat t:ie m'-»t liit»r«»t.ll 

of hin new matorial han laH-n anpplicnl by the lii'U'pirt i 

manal pattern in the Itritinh Miinvum. Mr Par'kman |4 

.\ming thene :ire .na>Teral hun<lri<<| lettern ft-' 

eng'tgeal in the Pi-ntiaa- War, •••iim> iiffi.-ial. .-tfirra \* 

familiar, affording very ciirioiis illimtrationa ..( Um 

the ili«y and o| t'le char>trtern of th'M<> a ngjgral m XitV' 

the fact» which they bring to light »"n»e arw a 



16 



LITERATURE. 



[Jul 



THE BALLAD OF THE RAM. 

l«l '••I «•»!« vaM or »««t Ml' auisnty (xt : 
Fur it's b*il to 'aar lb* lUa whau h*'« up ui' runnin' (mi* 
yXtih Um Miiirr Ui u' nMoin ai Um nuwt. 

It'* nuh aa° mr^ •<>' lUah wh**! Ui* Kam U on Iho laap. 

Kul uuakk an' or<»)i (>« thcMii •« ctoin tli<' way : 
n* Im£|;««( ahip km«s ilown riKht than that ain't fi"t mobi- t» 

TH» ahoivnik o° ih* woiry i wno t Iwy 

Vor Ktvcxky ahiix, an' (••rmau tot>, au' lluaaian, you iu«y but, 

It* tmtvt (>« to limi an' 'um<- by tram, 
TImmi out lo ouottf ati' ^allitaat an' ruk thu kind o' vat 

That iulWf* ruuBiu' couoUt to a Baui. 

For whm tim Trrrr" liftx 'in 'mu\ ail' go«w for wot ia naar, 

I m KirTT for Ihrin *hi|n wot saiU ao frr« : 
It'a lw«t to up an' alarwhiTP, an' Iw wvrry far from 'ore, 

Wh«n Kama 'aro took to blvatin' on the ac« I 

WILLIAM SHARP. 



Hniono niv! 3Book3. 

♦ 

MORTIMKU ('((LLINS. 

Samtnn', In* it kindly or not, nlwayx caqietn the 
ThiunM »TilleT witli prwn, and hanj^ it* nloping liilln with 
laxariant foliafjv. nnd wts tJie binlx singing therein. 
Happr VBll«-y if inultituiic of cingeis brought l>t*atitude. 
Tb« bird*, indeni. do their jiart bravely ; but with their 
uafntherrd rivalu the cii.«e i* diftfrent, and any one 
•oqtBinted »ith the average note of the^e rijMirian barfis 
can Karceir fail to wish them in tiotne other valley 
•ecluded and du>tant, and to let memory drift back to the 
d«y» when the /Vww <ind ,St. Jitinoi Chronicle wa-x 
ioatnuniDg the town. Who now remernben* that journal, 
or it« weekly article headed " Adverwvria," which, as June 
drew nigh, nuwle even ly^ndoners l>elicve that the hkv 
va« blo^, that they might hear the ruMtle of the lenvett, 
the lapptDg of the river ajjainKt the bank, the Kong 
of the thn:ah, anrl the myriad other bles!i«l cfjuntry 
Mtiadji which Mortimer C'ollinii loved beyond all other 
miuic? 

Though he ix aj> yet a beloved com|>anion to the few 
who Warned to appreciate him in hin prime, the three-and- 
tventy yean> which have ]iaNi«ed oince hiit death have 
buried him <ierp in oblivion for the world at large. We 
■ow wetn imable to rea I anything printed more than a 
month ago and liu-kiag illuntrationM on every jm-ge. We 
boy nothing uncertified hy the boy who carrifc the l>m<ket 
opaad down the railway plati<>rra, and there ix no mention 
of Mortim^ <'ollin» in the *ix[>enny magazines. To lovers 
oC leafy JaQ« there can b>- fea liookji toure delightful than 



j-omjiany in chn>nicling the kn-es and fortu 
heroine, or in the disentanglement of moti 
ting of the humours of his dogs, or of th« 
tixM)p of |ieU he kept about him nt hi^ cot 
Hill. The turn of every I>age oeemH to in 
on into the warm summer air, alive witii 
binls, or launch us upon the Kunny ' 
leisurely row, at the end of which we 
encounter some extjui^iitely-devised arrang 
and comestibles. 

Whatever posthumoa* fame Mortime 
gather will be won hy his lyrics, and by 
longer i>oems. Here, even more clearly tin 
may be heard the jubilant ring of delight ( 
of the glorious climiix of the year. Not th 
nor the inevitable call to force<l lal>our of 
mar tlie not<' of enjoyment, or provoke 
l>«ssimism. 

When he fell, the victim of overwork 
regret wan accentuated by laments that huoI 
have he»'n killed by toil ; but, whether or 
felt the burden intolerable, he assuredly 
for pity, nor did he moralize on the ilU of 
in pointing out the certainty of their red) 
Btate. A " Poet's Philosophy," one of his 
finished ix)ems, is an elojuent ex|K>sition 
human destiny, and like many others drift 
praises of country life and of his friends tb 

O, but ona visitant, the niuhtingalu ! 

Tliroh, throb, wilil vuicu through p3 
hours, 

Loro it thy gift from the Eternal F 
Yet in thy tong thuro auums n tnigic wa 

Becaiue in Argos, agea lung ago, 

A poet turned thy lyr io rapture inU 

Another song, " A May Lyric," lias so 
ring of Heine — 

The robina' naat in oar dark yew 

la safe to-night. I sua 
Brown hun aaleep in her snug nest, 
Aiul aaucy cook with crimson breas 
Above ui>ou Uio treu. 

Ah, happy birds! whoso love is tni 

Enjuy the niurmuroiii May. 
Be mine, like yours, thu real ileligl 
Of slexping by my lovo ail night, 
Of singing half the day. 

Collins was iiersaaded that the spren 
and Evolution would rob life of much, if 
picturewpie gaiety, and destroy the ho| 
restitution which he value<l abo%e all else, h 
for Darwin and Oomte and Tyndall. In t 
known i>oems, " The Positivists " and " Sk 
banters the apostles of the new revelatio 



July 8, 1899.] 



LITERATURE. 



rarely writi-H nmiMH. Our lyric i>f tli# tnlil^, ittHiii ntril Ut 
hi« wife, in almoxt clajttii'. 

Va»t (ulU tliK nri'iw, O lit<l)' iiiiiix, 
8|iriiikliii^ till' litttii with crycUU iin<>, 
Hut liy til" K'xl' »•' M^nl r>'iiUi«> 

Wliilii wo'iu txyi thor, 
Wu'll cliitt mill iliyiiui iiiiil ki** iiiiil •liii<', 

Vvtynin wouthi r 

Hii iitir tlin lii'« nixl |x>tir tlio nii*, 
Anil IkI thiniti turn (■riM'ii rvi'n iliMt»' 
I'imr tlioir lovo imwIiMnui itit>i iniii-' , 

I (lim't CiilK whi'tlixt' 
'Tin miiiw or mm or rniii or »liiiio 

If w..'ri' t<>\{'jtln'r. 

Collinx wiis ncvrr hapiiiiT tluin ulu-ii taking n loin" utrcti-li 
over tli»' I)owii:( 1111(1 returiiiti^' witti n inii^lily n|i|i«Hit«» (»r 
the fowl ami tin- lohhtcr nnil tlw hotth- of Clmhli.-i uwnitiiiK 
him. He wan u ynlninnnder in hiit luve of hent, hut it 
mu.xt be the riire hi-ntofthe Kngli.«li MiiiitinT with it* 
choirs of hirdti, \tn deeji ^reeii recede-* niii! \er(iiiroiH 
glooms of wwhUiiikI shnde, nnd xif eiiicmhl lnwn>. 
Summer in foreign lands may !«• longer niul more 
constant, and ]>erhH|>s more lovely, hut we cannot deri\f 
the joymiH note of Mortimer Tollins' lyric wrsc from any 
other than the disnpjiointinj; wayward season we call hv 
that name. Whether or not the sun might sidne in tin- 
heavens, he deternuue<l to ntake it shine in his jwges, 
which in the nudst of winter gloom nnd (Irizxle have 
I)Ower to jKTsnade us that summer when it recurs will be 
what Collins dreamt of and described. 

His work shows signs of the stress under whii h he 
workwl from fust to last, and literature is the j«M)rer 
liecause leisure to jierfect and j)oli!ih was denie<l him. He 
had no weighty message to deliver, but he ha.« left a 
legiK-y of consolation to the few who have lenrne<l his 
secret, a feat not always comimsse<l by the greater 
pro]ihets. Like his N'loved birds he sang lH'cau>e he 
must, a tendency which in itself would have been fatal to 
the proclamation of any serions evanjijel, for, let him start 
on any theme he might select, he would invariably drift 
back, after a little, to tell of some suggestive |i«ssag«' 
recently discovered in a liook, or to chat about his dogs or 
his feathered friends, or some other delight of his little 
garden domain. 

When once he had tasted the experience of country 
life he rarely went to town, but all the love and symjiftthy 
he could spare from his wife nnd jM»ts he gave to a dozen 
or so of friends living in the full stress of the literary 
movement, and always found time to write to them, 
many of his letters being in rhyme, and most of them 
bidding the friend addressed come down to Knowl Hill to 
taste his mutton and hi.s Hurgundy ; for, much a.s he 
loved the country, he loved not the dwellers therein, nnd 
soon found himself at o«ld.-< with his neighbours. Im- 

r»rn\-ir1<»nf nnpmi vpnf innnl fro*k-«jimt-nn Hcili^rm'nn ns hi* 



KUinr«, lir innintAiMwl to tiir !&•( Ut>«i*"irt» 
tnigltt Li«- f allrHl u|ion to il!n*in»ti« li<> tr>-»t*^i iv* a 
|ett«-r». ( »i»«-«- \,f un'lrTt-»>k Irt «rii«» »!.'<ft arte lt-« 
/*«(/•/ tUcitfln-, n i'»miii«*f> i-^l |««j«-f, aifi in <itir 

e»i<«)ii iiuote* |«ra^rnpha ihrlWioln trthUi( \m% 

right Ih'MUAnd jay* nn-l twi*l\r tliuuMiii<i Viti'j^fi' 
lit-en kill«H| to uxnk" u|, >m»- i\a\'» »«!•• at Mm. trij 
I'rol>«bly }ii» bird-l<i\ing iinturr nhukr^i ft-nj-nti 
Ihi* hideou* cnrnn(;f ; nnyhow, hiii cotiu<-ii<>n • 
/><n/'/ lin-inArf Hn« htn-f. Tii«" luck tii joutnt 
noon lenrtiwl and, though !»•• alvas* »rol«- uiv 
ikourgr of ne(-r««itr, hi* •tvl«» •hflmr'l no <\ri.t- 
either in pnx* or \er»«' ; uidi-"--!, tin- " Inn of 
•Met'tingi. ' (IH'I) i« gtrally i>u|»Tior to " Id,- 
Uhymeii" (IM.'jj). Kfofn n t'-m|irrani<-nl lik"* lti», i 
Iw vain to liMik for Jil««'ti«^ of ihvthm or rijih 
judii iotii4 choii <• of fjiilli<-t, but th«*«' •!»• of oiiiu 
expiatt-d by tin- fxtraorrlumry ii[»»nt««eity of ht* 
mill by touchf.1 of <•% jiii»ll«' nr.K e and lin-h"l*. 
ThrUftti." printt**! in " l.wa eh-gnntianim." i» \irt\i. 
most [lerfi'i-t of hi'* lyrio". 

Mortimer r.illitii wiv« not n gr-.^t aritrr in at 
but he could tn-at uilh ■•Ui h i<u!>tl<' inxlght. ou^ 
tmting sym|4ithy, tho»«>i*inotion'< and a^iMi-icof hl> 
for him. comprix-d th*- wholi' joy of li\mg. tl.-tl 
tliofie who hn\<> IjiM'Mi und>-T hi» charm the »ight o 
of hi- name uiil newr fad to rail up »nti\f y 
Thames in its >iimii)<>r ijlorv. b« !:<• ]>«'rc^i\«l or ir 
it, of th»' chorus of till- bird", of the •ju.-iinl. 
humours of hi^ dogs, of th** jiM-unrI lttu>t at the < 
hard day's toil, or of the |»'rft^t domestic lui]>ptnr< 
later v«'ars. W. <i. WAT 



"THE ARABIAN NIOHTS ' IN FEENC 



It u;i)i Uiruuijli Franco that tho " Aralitno Ni;;li 
foiiiKl (hoir nay iiitu Kuroi*. tu Ihtt oluriutl ilclij^ht u( 
anil luvcm ■>( ri>iii:iiiix> at nil »(|m Ttiu* it \o «ttii 
int<'ri>it tliitt i>nt> i>)««rve« that t!.rrt< i* at laot to )■> • 
tranilatioii of tliu " Tlinu.«itn<l Ni^hti aixl a Night " inta 
It niny !>« said, acvorilinK to tho |oint •>( <ri<'« . tiat i 
not surpriitiii^ tliat Uii> lountrxmm of AotoirM UalUlk 
htivo uait'tl iifnrly tHo <i'nturi<>« (or th« completion uf 
uhich tliat eminent < >rifntnliat t<c^an. Fanlaaiu, in k 
Miu««t'a I'lay. talkMl atfiH-tionatrly of hi« " chrrM Mill 
Nniti " but thvn h« Kaa only a<-<|iiaii.l<>«l mitb atM 
huiwlml of thxiii. lK<«n t-> hi* tintr, (iaitamr* <*m< 
Niftlit.i. wiiii certain aihlitions l>y r<lit(ir» of lb* (orly ni 
century, Kn« thu only ''Wo araiUhla t>' the b*<Mtal i 
French or Kngliih. It i* triM that U>p fimt attein|4 t« 
fairly rt.nii'lute rornion of th.> " Aiahiali ^t-.akoi>{rar« " 
vflcaiiMl Ix'in^ iaatuxl in Fioncli. T]i» ei*at <:«rTii*n Or 
JiK<ie|>h Ton Hamuior, •>bt»in«>l a cotnplet* m«nu<m 
Ni^ht^ ill Aral-ic, hikI | i<H-v«Hlad to ivtntvr ii t" Krrnc 
un|>ul>liihc<i |>t>rtioni< of it ; ro iloiiiit 1 p ch.*- th*t U: 
jiTpfvn'nc,' to hi* Dntivc (ipiituin out of ioai| linwr.t to 



18 



LITERATURE. 



[J 



for Um mnmnmI tiu:e. ami this »>■ irinto) in li<:St, nhvn it wa* 
fint lOMiililo lor idtv icnorant of ttw K«»U ni tuncuc* to ruail 
nsArljr »11 th« " Thouwiiu) aitt) On* N>):hu " by " i-v'iul>iiiint: 
tit* inlarmation " •'( lialUtxl ainl Von HaninitT. A Krviich 
T«c»ioa of Von Hkinrapr'* aork »•■ )ut>li*>MMl l>y TtVluitieii in 
WR ; t)i« tranaUtor t> rhirfly rvmrmlwrri) (or th« rhararteristio 
atajr in arhtch h« mit«l tb« " Nif;lita," making; Kiiig Hhkhrytu' 
f«|Jy to ScbrhcranuW* rrx|U««t (or a iMon, " l"<-«i Ba««*s : (|u'<>n 
lui cuu|« U trtr. c%T *r* iti>niif n>* hiatoirp* »urt<>ut m' out cauar> 
tin onntii BMirtrl " IVI-iitirn'a ni'tk, hnwovvr, lia<l ni'nu «f tho 
|«|4iUnly i>( (lalUixl, »htva«< ilrliclitfdl vvraion of tJie l«wt )'«rta 
of tlM •• N>i;hta " Jia«l lont; takm rank a« a Krvnoh cUii»ic ; for 
that rvaaon, nn ilou)>t. it r*<'nia t» liarv (<ct um<<l to no one to 
lull tit* two book* into ono aiiroxiinati'ly comi'lcte vt-rsion o( 
tb« " Nigbta " Till- Ix'tioiir of I'lrst | nxhicinc tucli a work wna 
rMorrati (or firrtn«n\ . «Ihti' I>r. fiuiitav Wi il lirouj;ht it out 
front IKW to IM:;. «liiUt I^nr'a pcholarly ami eriiilit*', Imt very 
itK'>iai|>l»t«, vrr*ion «aa vlicwin^ English rt-advr« that tlu< 
"Arabian Ni|:hta" «ir>'. after all, •omothinj; niort- than " a inort' 
(Airy -hook, a nict* irt-amt (or littl«' I'oya. ' Mr. Kirby, to whoao 
l>iblio|:ra|-hy of thr •• Nights " in Euroj* all ttiKli-nta an- 
ilttici t<<l, h<anl "that a lomjiMo Ovrninn ttannlation of tho 
' Night* ' wa« ]>ut)li>hc<1 ami «up)>n>»Br<1 " ; but no di'taila an to 
thin of»urT»ni>p hav» coiiio to lipht. It i« aa y«-t only in Kn^lish, 
of all AV.«t«Tn tonpinn, that thi- " Nif:ht« " can l* rea*! in tlu-ir 
rntirrty. Torrni*. uiih a counter U-yond bis ability, untl«Ttook 
thf tank in It'iW. but only j ublihl e<l cm- vohinie. Tlii' ilnliphtful 
\fT»i«>n of Mr. PayiH' anil tht.- uonilorful work of .Sir Kichaid 
I<urt>.>n arp l»th re far iiniiiatchtd in any otlior Euroju-nn 
ton^uv. Wp ho|c that th«' npw Fr« ncli v»>r»ion mny ) ro»e a 
worthy rivnl to thp*o Irilliaiit w<.rks ; more thun tlint it cannot 
bo|v to t>o. 

Tbcrp i* likely to 1p a gocxl deul < f i,uf*tioning in Fraooc 
«brtb«r, aftir all, the new hucI coiii|l>te v(Ti«i<'n of the 
" Nijihta " «• to tuierxHlc GHliaml. We may any nt once that 
«• do not think it will, any more than Kurton or Mr. Payne c-aii 
au|<PT«r(ie the variou* Enpli^h vcr^ii n» that are luwed onGalland. 
Tbe cuini let» ■• Thouran<l and Cue N';:lit» " are not everyliody's 
m e at. «letia* it i* .i r<ry tyniial n>]eiity uhicli tan deny ever 
havin}: fallen i.n<'er the njell of the " Arabian Niphtu Kntertain- 
mefit*." There ia rcwm for Uith work* in Kreiirh as well as in 
Englith— for the enthralling faiiy-1 < c k aa well «* for the '• | ros*- 
Shakpa|><'«re " iintlthe im|ortant ant)iro| ologic-al and soriological 
Tvconl. O allaml vhi wed hi* indubitable geniu* in nothing n.oic 
•trongly than in the artful chi iie that he made of the Arabian 
t*lp« which he introdutcil to the Weftcin world, »onie of wliich 
were dcTired fr< m tu<h rare and out i.f-tl e-»ay text* of the 
*• Nigbta " that, until very lately, Callnrd lay ur.der the rnthei 
(l«ttpring *Ti*| it-ion of l-eiug hinirelf the author of "Aladdin " 
»nd tbe " Koity Thi€-v«* " and »onp other* of the (^rcstert 
favooriiea of chiMI:«o<l. In that (aie we rhouhl have had to 
rank Mr George Mereilith a* <itily the M^rond among Weatf-rn 
imitator* of the " Night*." but the diptoverie* of M. Z<.t<nberg 
■ml c^bera leave j ride of j lace to that brilliant invention, " The 
Miaring o( Shagj-at " Tbe very objetlion* which ) iiri*'.* and 
•ticklert (or rotn] let«.ne** can jii»tly make againat Gnllnnd'* 
work arp al»n objection* agaiii>t the *iic(.-e**fiil com) etition of 
«tT nH«)»m Tertion with hi*. Of aWoluUly complete and literal 
vcreiona of the " Thouaand and One Night* " there ia at jTfiient 
only one in any Kurojean langnnge ; that i*, ofcourM-, the 
ICTMl work of Hir Hithatd Itiitton. No i ne ha* ]oiiitnl rut more 
•nphatically tlian HurU n himielf that the " Nighfa " in thia 
for* arp Bfit (iiited for pereial h*n<lling ; hi* (ixteen volume* 
" tntJtMlTCl only for thri*e that wi»b to *tu<ly the 



to Sir RichanI Burton'* iirivata iasue. 1 
elegant veraion, and the ao-oalle<l library 
though not altaolutoly im]ioaaible for piiblicati 
ciMitly and too i'i«;)>/< for wide )<o|mlarity. 
aaid, in the atrongeat teilii*. that it ia thi 
Kntertainmeiit*," which we owe to the geniua 
have become Hud will it-main » Wetteni claai 
it, and alone he did it : his fm« literary 
atyle, hia |>oli*h(<t1 ta»te, and [xrfi-ct tact at < 
take high rank in the republic of letterk, nor 
fragment ever be »u|>ei>ede4l in tliu infallible 
hood." Moat of us can join with Mr. Hti 
GallamI :- 

He gave mo whatever i« woilh remenil 
and Camaiiiluinian and that enchanting 
he i* the true {loet alike of Abou Haa»an «n 
of the lilack Island*, of Ali Haba and 
Hrotlier* ; to him I owu that memorv— 
the acx-ursetl city whose moiihtrou* *i1eni 
voice of the one man s).ai«<] by the uiatli o 
hi* *olitary prayer-which niiiK* with Cru*<ii 
foot|>rint in tlie thrilling moment* of my li 
by refniining from the use of |«pper in h: 
trived to kitchen tho*e confiction* with 
romance ; it wa* he that clove a»under tJi 
wall (or me. and took me to the nan, and Imii 
• |Ue*tion of the ti*h that fried therein, and 
nic in terms myKterious and tremendous yet. 

Tli€«ro is, indee<l) no foar of Galland ev< 
in the affections of childhiH>d, and the lib 
enough to posacas Hiirton, either in the twel 
volume*, will Btill be pioiid to find mom for 
Rhelf. It i* not likely that tbe Frenchman wi 
in his native country. At the same time, i 
new complete French veiaion will occupy a 
own. Many who read it, like Mr. Hunlej 
prefer Gnlland, but that is only to say tha 
thing which is not the " Arabian Nights " t< 
i*. The one i* " a </ir/ (/Viinr of the high 
and ethnographical int4nst" : thu otiieris "e 
The latt«T apiHsal* to mor(> tastes, but the foi 
value. And it must Ih- wiid for ftuch a versii 
it make* the In-Bt of both world*. It givi 
faithful picture of the Modem world in wli 
came into Wing and still bold sway, people<l 
the nio*t fantastic flight* of fancy are Dure r 
occurrence, and whose idea* and custoi 
imjiortant for un, as the greatest .Mahome 
world, to realize a* Huilon hel|)« tis to reali 
Kaine time wo muKt confe**, ]Miri Mr. Henley 
of thu true romantic *pirit and even of tbe feel 
in the real " Arabian Nights " than in the ad 
which w-i. owe to Galland. The fact i* that tl 
One Night* " and the " Arabian Night.s Kn 
really two diKtinct work*, and France can only 
l>oth. 



Botes. 



The index to the foiii-th volume of I.ilrrain 
in our last numlx'r, shfiws that in the firnt 
year we have notic<!<l iiioi-e tlian 1,200 book* by 
author*. Of the*e A41 are chui»ed a* fiction, 
biograjiliy, eighty-five a* tlicology, »ixty-five m 
remainder iindcir tweiitv-*ix other liend*. 



July 8, 1899.] 



MTKKATt'KE. 



D'Avray, Aiiatiii I)ol>«<»u,"V'ii)lut K»iht, i>..it;'"<iJMiii({, Kilmnml 
(ioMit), W. I>. Ilowiillii, Vmliit Miiiit, Aii;;ii«tiia JdmoIiii, tdulyitril 
KipliiiK. Kioim MiicI.ixhI, Sii lli<rl»trt MitxMnll, Kilcn I'liilii^lU, 
i'mfi'Miir <iolilwiii Siiiilli, l.iialii' Stit|ili<in, W J Stillnian. Ititaii 
Htiibl)*, .loMipli Ti'Xt", nnil TluMxIorii WntU Diiiitoii 

• • • • 

On t)i* ;;iiiiiM>l thnt nn iiiiiii;» of fnct i* wmtli u |.<iiiii<l of 
thxui Vi "■»< !■ iiit>'ri'lt<'<l t<i litmr wliat tlin ('liii<f l.iliriti i»ii of Weat 
Hniil lin* to mty lilioiit tlin 0| iiii .\u<-«a» iiy«t«iii of IxiiiiiK luu>k» 
W« ni» iiifoi'iiiiol tliitt " onn liliiiiiv «rlii<-li nllowa |>iilil|i' aci-oa 
to tlis nliolvtia iu|><)it't tliK loud of iWty luMili* (or liial yi>ar, Mliiln 
lit niiotliKi a lady v>»x I'oiivlutixl of atoiilin^ 'Jt'al iHHilta. " 0|>'ii 
no'cKH iiiiNWura in >'lnl> lilmnii'* : w>< lulicvi' it nnawma v^ry wnll 
at tlio Oxford I'liion, ami ulao iit tlm Iioniloii l<il>rury. lint tln'v 
ui'O til'miica to wliivli tli<> I'uanal ooiiii<r vitnn'>t u'nin oiliuiaaion, 
unil in wliirli till! only ilnn;;«i la from tln< Ihihh riiU klnptonwiniuc. 
Tint fi«<t liliriiry ia iin fr«u to tli« Hooli^'un n» to tii" nu'inlxir of 
the Vouni; Mon'a Clirintiitn Aiaociiition : iiml it wonM )»< •trniit,'u 
iiidiH'd if tlm iIouli);iin did not aonii'tiuiaa wulk in and lielp 
hiniNulf to what l»< wiintvd. At VVi>at Hiiui, whi>ri< o|h>ii nco^aa ia 
not idlo»u<t, only twonty-acVnn liuoka Hrrx loat in tlm twt<l\»- 
niontli, und twonty-fuur uf tlioiui norn (itid for liy tho Iummh. 

• • • • 

A furthor iiutalmi'nt of Itohort Iionis Stovonaon'a Inttora, 
with explanatory nott-t liy Mr. Sidniiy Colvin, np|«ara in tlm 
curront nnnd«or of Stiilinn't. 'I'hi'y nro nil written from Honrno- 
muutli, nt thi> time wlion ho waa ill thuro, in IrttM and IH8A. It 
ia iwrliapa ouriona thnt thoro ahoidd Ihi no montion in thuni of hia 
noighl>our Ididy Shulloy, who diod tlm otiior ilay at I!o»conilM>, 
and to whon\ (jointly with Sir I'rrcy Klor.'iiro SImllry) " Th.' 
Maati>r of llnlluntrao " wua do<liout<>d. Wu lind niurh in them, 
however, that ia intorcatin;" aliout Stovonnon'a work ami phmn. 
There is one delightful example of the artintic t<m|!<ramont 
iin|M<lling the rofuaal of n chetpie on the ground that the work 
done for it was [xior atulV. not worth the money. The letter ia 
addroasotl to Mr. W. K. Henley, and rnut thus : 

iKv., 18H4. 
Dcnr Lud, I have made up my mind a)M>nt tho I'.M.O., 
and send you a copy, which pleu.Me keep or return. Aa for not 

fivinp a reduction, what an' we ? .-Vri' wo niti.-tt-i or City men '.' 
Vhy do we aneer at atockhrokera ? O nary : I will not take thi' 
JL'40. I took tliat a.t a fair priie for my Ix'at work ; I waa not 
uhlo to pro<Uice my heat : and I will I e damnixl if I ateal with 
my eyes ojhmi. Suthiit. Thi.i ia my lookout. Aa for tho p»i«'r Uiiny 
rich, certainly it i.i ; hut I am honuurahle. It la ni> more 
aliove me in money than the |a>or alavoya ami cad.i fri>m whom 
I loi>k for honeaty ari« 1 olow mo. Am I I'epya, that lH>iau.Mi Iran 
find the countenance of " aomo of our ahleat nierchant.s," that 
he<uuae and pour forth lan;;uid twaddle and ;;et paid for 
it, I, too, shouhl •' chroifully continue to atoal ? " 
Another lett»>r, addre-iaot to Mr. Colvin himaelf. relate.t to n 
project wliich had to !>«< ahandonod for lack of »tren;;th and 
leiaurt) : - 

Dear S. C., — I nm on my feet auain and ■;ettini; on my 

hoots to do the " Iron Onke." Conceive my i;Ipe ; I ha\e 

rofusial the i'llX), and am to net aomi- sort of rov.ilty, not yet 

decided, in.stead. 'Tia for Lonjjmnn'.M " Kniili.ili Worthiea," 

edited l>y .\. Lnni;. .\w haw ! 

In another letter Mr. Sidney Colvin ia entreat«><l to naaiat in the 

composition of this I ook that waa never written. The p».a.ajt;;a 

givea US a ploa.^ini; ^linip.w of Stevenson's conception of the 

duties of a biographer : 

IVdahom' thy Inains, as to «hon\ it would 1h' well to 
•lucation. 1 have a small .s|mce ; I wish to make a |>opular 
Ixiok, nowhere ohscnri-. nowhere, if it i-an le helped, unhtmian. 
It .sii'ms to nie the n\ost hop.'ftil plan to t<'ll tlw tale, so far aa 
may be, by aiiecilote. He diil not dii' till ao recentiv, then- 



Mark I »^ 



J in 



«ilti. r 



^iiw.k''« 111 lt*.« 



■ ollld hato l>n»l> lltofo ilit<if«*(i>'., 

r»«i<i«a. 



O^u ii» 






A " )«iin.«'ii»tie 'i?M aV " !• iJm it-xt ••lliliv 
dipbiiiiatii aoriricD •■< •iuntiai.y Hi* -I i('.<-* ■•> aro luid 
111 iliaM^iiiitala ilnlna ol iiifotiuati <i ailli (t.« jnrj^aa ir' 
raprnaaiitlii^ ll.o visa* •>< li-irmai y Tl.a do <ti >i >' 
IIm' <ianuai> Kiii|>'r<ir !»•• tooiolinto-i di»> iJtr,;* ' > 
Hum^rli, a* «u kiiw. t.«l hi» ■"• u |4i<«(a , 

•iltleKrt " iMit ttwi itratt clial>Cnll.>i > >;•)«:«<•> |a*i,i| 
the l'r»«> aaa liW" tlw 'oa ■/( llya*** ai«l rt«.ii |f 
• oaaor* coiilil finulaln bl> nw-th'^N. ().«y rai. ) 
aaai^iii»l as hl« r«M'o,;iii/«Ml tt'.ii.a |*> a aiaAial -*M»*. 
."'om" »a,ia<ily kixm* lo ••• •loai. in lh« soU 
Waabinutoii Ba tikx |>la<:o ahir" (!.•< ^■%^^<ttuitn i n '.<< 
'Ilie joiinialiatic >il(.i<-/>' who •tu:cn«l« i>; liuiaiL^- a if\" ■ 
(lia<-reti>>n ihxrn may )» r<-H>^l n|»-ii (•• rntjiii. it abcm"^ 
If it ia to \m a fit '•( hi< duty I" ^nttt ti,loril»ai 
repreaentativea of t)i« !"<-»'. i*ri>«a I.e «i!! <.-■ ttaii.Iy Ua- 
aa mui-l> »* lio will teich. ai^ti rvturo (>• Kur"|<p 'iiuUlix 
many wrinklea to the MJitota ■•( hia i.atito iai<l. 

• • • • 

III April l;>at Moaari. S<pth«by aohi, (or V..m attia 
price of tl.lo, a copy ■! " H*le-1 lv>y l.»rir>,' |i»i 
privat4) circulation i.y .Mr Kiplin.- at I^bor* in I'Vt 
Copy waa |>rManDio<l to \» uiii>pip, ar.<l. If. r<'.;*cd 
muniiKript, title, aid d»ai|;n ..n tha <-o«rr, tho aurV 
Kiplin^'a (nther. the presumption aaa rorrnt. Ihit U 
reault has hup|«ne«l, and the hiKh prn •• iw* brotigl.t n<b< 
on the market. Three occiirrvd in Mnaata Sntbaliya 
.Monday laat. Two ««m pri<M>ntatli>n ropiiMi, •■nv 
Kipling'a motlur, the inlier to Maj' r Har- iirt, ahd.- t 
hail some lines in m-inuacript on the co»er, and tK'-y 
respeitiiely flDi), flOll, and 176. Ilioae an- rary hi; 
for a little diKHlecimo |4imphlet of 4'.' pp in {>*|« r 
Another diminutive work of the same rlwra<-t<>r . < 
■• K( hiM'S by Two Writers," print"*! at I,ah..r" in 
duiMlecimo of 7- np. in j)a|»<r covets which fetch<»l fJW- 
other Works of Mr. Kipling; th- (•>ll>>win.' f-ti Iml t)i« 
prices :—" I >u|Mitinentrtl Ihttioa," Hrst <'diti"n a iMrci 
£12: and " In Itlack and Whit*'," mh-^oimI Indian *litv 
inanus<Mipt corrections by the author, llli Tha sale ' 
notable na containing tho tint Kipliii;; MS. titat baa } 
otrensl at auction. This cunaistnl of f<>ur (o'ii,i pai^ra o 
written manu.vript, entitled, "Tho I.<'ga of SiaUc I'raul 
it sohl for i'Cl. Such items mast, for the pr»wnl at I 
regaiilwl as "extremely rare." f,.r .Mr. Kiplin,; hi* tho • 
|H)saible obje<-tion to jiartin;; with any of his inanuacriiH 

♦ • • • 

The Kilmarnock Hums, which we nM'ntton«-<t last 
aUtiit to I e olfens) fiT sale at Si>thahy's. went (or CUB 
prii-es at tl;e .same da> 'a Jab- were : l*i>nl Ujrron, "'Th" G 
ISIU. jres.tit.ition ci-py from Hyron t" bis aist. r. aith iiva 
to that effect, fit; I.. Sterne. " Sntiro»nl-«1 Joiirn** 
•xlition. 17iW, t'13 '». -. .M<<r.tAisiip. ■■ Ksaaia." liiia i^>i 
tXi; I'. B. Shelley. " yii.-en M*b. " tir«t ■slitioo. IH|;:. t 
(jilxinle, " Choix lie Chansons." 177-'. £."■".'. " I.,aii3h . 
Down," ItiOo, very ran- tra.t. t.V. . S. lt..wUn<U. " 
Lo-'kins (fla.sa," lililM. i4«i . ■• \ C.mipiaynt of lb.. 
Wenle," 1.%W. t'io ; Monte.s<plieu. " I..- Ten-pl.- .b- Oui.lr 
1~-M ; RaNdaia. " <Kuvrvs. " 1741. tl'.> ICs ; aixi <» <; 
•' IVsert.il Village." Hrat wlition. CM 

• • ♦ • 
Ti... ..I .._ . •• r. i.;_.l; / .. i i .. ;i i - 



20 



LITERATURE. 



[Jul 



i«(un> '4 U>* outlay i* >xpM4wi. H«i« are two 
in |uiKl «bM« the (vir«* fbtaiiwd ffll m<uh t«l<>« titc iiiitUI 
<n«l i.( tb* IxDiliui.* l"h«uc»*. •• W. rk«," .Uu-I I*W. »i«lrt»<li<lly 
l>Mi»l I.T Cla*mKlVI»iJTi. Ill fivo »»l» . f4 lite Cicer.'. 
•• Op>t«." tUtnl 17*«. « »«rT Ull i>>pjf. bfuwl loiBt luxurioii»ly 

• • • ♦ 

CK til* »««.k» which. .HI •w.-urt .f Uwir rutity. th»ir fin« 
«P«klrttit). »i>.i tKo nchn.M of U»»«r l'ii»lii>i:«. mny l>» wi"! U> 
!■•*« (vU-tM.1 U»r i*tc^. Ihf <..no«ins »'f» l'* |rincip«l. 
Itterlii^r* by «\i«ni Itwt.ci.-. •• I! IW«ii«i>'n«'." |>I«t.-« l.y 
OravfM. Ac. !'»«.. i:;.T. :6v» vol.. f-tV l{on»an1, " Ia» 
tr.arfm." Pari*. 1167. in ».•!•. CA'i Sh«k.-«n«««n. •' S,.iiihU," 
r<lrtM< l.y IV.«i»«t. !«n;«« |>«i»r. -no "f fifty ••«.pi««» jn-intcl. 
I^i«Mk«, Wl. C13 Slwllfv. " \V..rk»." n\iUt\ \<y ¥«nnmn, 
I^wVn. I«C«. f.-:r »-•'.» . I'M *«• Swinbiin>e. •' AUlaiiU in 
(^t-(<.«." fir« •.liti-n. !»«.'•. t-JJ. Waller. " P.*m». A.-.," 
6f«t edition. 1*4:>. CJH. >V.%lt.ii uml C..tM>. " The ComplHe 
Ancler. ' M«>«T» •■"liti- n. l«r).e i<«i er. two r..l».. £41. Hiinlmns 
by CbMibolle-lHini CI «»t«-rficUrii " I>.tteni." imft-.'i:<. fivi. 
Tok . t■|^ R.>tt. •• Po.tic«l Work*," 18»0, .U-veii voU., 
£13 ICb. ShirUy. " DrBtnatic W..rk»," IrtB, aix roln.. £13 .">•. 
\W|.'lc •• AD«rtl. t<-» <f |«intiiie in Kiigliunl," 1828. fivo %-oU., 
£1» Iiimlinc* by K. lUdfonl— Byron, •' Wtrt« " «ii<l 
•• I>»tt«».' l«ai-3?<. oloTTO V..U . £14 lOi. C*rew. " Po«m»," 
tn«*<liti.'n. IMO. £B ."». Chrelanil, " P<Hm«." firrt edition. 
Mf4. £4 «•. Hinkin. *• M.^lirn Puiiitcri." " f?evcn Lanij» of 
Arrhit»«lur»." iu»l "Stone* of Venicf,"' moitly fii»t wlttions, 
nine Tola,. £47 Uimlinp by Tt»uti-Paur.onn«'t -S«int (Jelais, 
••CK«iTi»»." I-yon«. 1."'74. £"J8. Himling by Marir.i-Mii-liolii, the 
lB««t exainp!* of )««>k-bimlinp in the Knio Ovid. " Ix^a Mcta- 
BK>r|>h<«e*." j-latea Iv Ki»en and others, Pari* IT'TmI. four' 

«oU.. £41. 

• ♦ • ♦ . 

On* of the moct imi>ort»nt |wiii|>)it<'t« tolil by MeMra. 
SoUtaby Ihia w^aek. aixl certanily the moat intereatini: tocolluctors 
of Anwricana, wsa a copy of the firat dntMl etlition of the 
o» Ub fat»l " Lettar of C'olom)>aa." i-onaiKtin^ of four le.iyes in 
Oathie tyf*. witii tlia iinjirint " M«>;i»t«"r johincB otmHr : 
ViixMic* impmcait Au^ruattv 15C4." Aa is well known to 
)nbliof;ra|4ivt«. th« niimerotii wrih-m on the voya^^Mt uf Colurabtu 
ara by no maana acrv«<l aa to wliich of the many editioiiH in 
Lathi of the first lettt-r of,Colum1iua nn liii return from hiii fimt 
Toya((a in March. 14iCI in tli« ori^Hnxl or uliiio prinfftt. HnrriMe, 
Hunholat. Bnuict, Nitvantte. anil many other authorities have 
all iletwt«l thia question without any definite reault. for t)ie 
••rly Latin <«1itioaa are all uii<Ut4-<l. ami the onlur in which they 
vafw iseui I eui only )w iletprmifii'<l. if at all. by reference to 
internal eri<l«tice. The late Mr. Henry Stevens devotea 8«'VOnil 
|a^«« to a diacuasion of th)- m.itt<T in liis " Itocollct'tiuiis of Mr. 
Is mi* Lenox, of New York." 18S6. hikI alao launches a theory of 
hia own with regani to it, wliich ia {wrhaps aa {iluuftible as any 
that hail hitherto l«en ulvancvvl. 

• • • • 

Tbonjtb tha letter of Aufnist, IfiOI. aViove namwl lielon^'S, 
t4 ooaraa, to a lat<- ariition, its im(«rt!inc<- aa )«inK the first iliitnl 
•Oaapl* eaonot ti* over-ratwl. In 1H!M) thi- s.ime four liuives sold 
by auction for £170. a lar^'O amount. th<iut;h comptiratively little 
vhao oontraatiKl with what would m<i«t certainly lie <>titaine<1 now 
(or any ana of the earlier L^itin e<1ition*. At Lonl Cniw-fonl's 
aale in 1W7 a copy of PUmk'n thirty-throa-line o'.ition of 14!Ri 
(aMOOMil 'iat*. anil not the first e<litioii in any caau)a<ild for £2:10, 
and at the Ilrayt'ti lv<-« eale. txdil at N<'W York in 18S)1. six 
•tlfferatit nlttitnia wi-rit for an n),'(:re|;Bt« sum of 9'^,2ll>, or £(>4:(. 
All waa* u( the sixteetith rentnrv. exc<.i>t utie whirh was dutod 



have there remaintMl ever aiiuw, not merely i 
|-iir«rtr-rr. I"it utandin^ witueasoa to the imm< 
ii*a sprung' lip for lit>-rature of tliit olaaa dui 
century. ,.^^^^,.^_^__-______^ 

iforcian Xcttci 



PRANCE. 

I have a natural distinst of all the " 
hintory, «'Xc«>i>t of that which i-onsists in 
l«rticiilar fashion ia (ollowtxl liy anotht-r, wh 
only if it is tliu op|>osito of tliat which preci«l' 

Thus dtes M. Kmilc Ksguet, somewhat di 
asiilo na vain the whole effort of M. Kci-dinai 
syst-mntixe his convictions formed during 
i-eiitiiry's study of French litemturc. The rema 
thrown out K« by thi' way in th^t masU-rly 
Klaiibeit witli which he haa enriched that 
French Writers " (HachetU-) which has Ixx-n hti 
some years utxler the tactful guidance of M 
b<Hik is tile definitive nppieciation of the work i 
FaKuct docs not he^itate to call " one of the | 
French literature." With an abundant elo(|Ui>n 
for truth which diiitinguishee him from the rho 
of mechanical metlxxls of criticiMii, M. Fagu< 
thiH volume a Ixmk which establishes his )M>siti( 
mtxlern French critics. Here is n H|>ei-inH-ii 
analysis : — 

.\Dd thus it is that Flaubert . . . 
monk of literatui-o, chut away from the v 
moixiae, beholding humanity with horror, wi 
irony, witli Farcakiii, with an evil laugh fadd 
costui); u|Min mankind what are uallcti glance: 
wonln, pitilos.s glan res. . . . .Inst as a 
of contemjilation and meditation, s-tying U. 
is great niid that men are small, so he s|K>n1 
of a fairly long life saying to himself again a 
are small and tliat art is great, scorning tlie 
the other with an eijUiil fervour and an e(|Ual 
|)roiniaing devotion. 

This is not the whole truth about Flauboi 
is, it goue to the oentrc of things ; and it is ct 
great writer who has, strangely enough, not y 
fame enjoyed by the eminent docirinairt wh< 
Itcriie det ihujr. MoidIc*. 

Let it not be thought that my fre<jucn 
lirunetiere attaches umlae im]M)rtuiioe to him 
mine. M. Brunetiere is pre-t-minently a •' jieis 
dominates French criticism as witli a hkI of ira 
the University, whose more distinguished achi 
the unscientific character of his method, a 
nature of its results, he still pronounces cj- n 
His ambition is to ix-main the ^French otii 
exercise over the French middlei'lass niinil th; 
ideas categorically formulatwl inevitably 
admitte<l it- -olitain in a country where what 
recognixed as French. This ambition mn 
legitimate ; it is a matter for the French, not 
Hut when M. HrunetiJ-ro, referring to the 
lettt-m abroa<], seeks to propagate erroneous id 
may borrow courage to put the Knglish and J 
his giianl against a critic capable of such 
tion us I am aliout to indicate. 

M. Krunetil're was the other day in the 
afti-r deliverinc various lectures at Americi 



July 8, 1899.] 



LITERATURE. 



wtiii tiie " riiilitArjr trailition," nu\ Um " rt>liKU>iw Uiulttton," 
aiiil th<) " iiitt>lli'<'tiuil or IxUrny tnnMiiuti." ('|ii>ii lua tr«at> 
iiuit)t uf uacli of tlitnut ilivimvii* iiiuoli roiiM Iw Mtil. Ilii( wn 
toiiuli ii]iiiii tliu luirt only. 

M. llriiruitii'rK, luiviii^ Inul iIumii th« iiiiitii|wai'ha))lii proitwi- 

tioii tliut tlio duty of Kri'lK'l ii !• to \m tlioinaolvi'*, uimI iiot 

aInviNhly to imitato tliu AiiKlo-Haxoii, aayi : — 

Tliii ID H'fitit liaii not Ihioii iiiiiliir«t<MHl liy tlu>«4t »lio liavit 
ln)>niir(«l for n c.nitury, niirl m ho urn «till l.itxiiiriri^, to ilit|<|.>i« 
tliH ct'iitrii of our litomry limtory, jiwt •!• i( tln-y ttialiwl to \m 
iwirdohixl liy KurO|xi for tlm ltu|i|>y pu ilic diiil bi'iuiHi'iiiit 
iloiiiiiiiitioii wliicli our writcri miuti nxurLiMil uvxr it. 

Ho then ipiott'K tho |r,iR«a^>i in M. Izoiili't'« tmiiaUiion of 
" Hcro<>» mill Hero Wornliip," in wliitli i'.irlyln ■■|a>ttkii i.( 
Slmknaimiin' iia tlii> ({"''it riillyiiij;-|ioint of tlm wlioitt Kii|{li»h nti-n 
throu({lioiit tliii ^'IoIh', itnil he ijiM-a on tlina : 

In AiiKnint, at lliltiiiioin, when I rhano'd to mtid .doiid 
thin (uoiNit^o, I wish yoii iimld IniV'O xo-n till) nliiviT of tliti 
iiudiiince, tli» profound I'liiotion tvitli wtiirh it took t'oi^'iiiiinni-n 
of itxiilf, and t'i'lt ilMilf ^.doritUxl in thin ii|>olli<<o->i>< of .Sli.iki - 
■iwiitre. A (ow diiy» later at Montroal and yiuitio<', I ww 
II niiiiilar »|'Octacli' — tlm hoIo iliircri'ni.'<' wa* tliat I wax "|»akin;,', 
not of ShukUfi)M>ari<, liiit of La Kontainii and Molitue. of Itiiciim 
and ("orimilli', of Pawid ami Hosmu't. Tliry. loo. tlowj' Kmicli 
i'anadiaiiN, h'roni'li in tlmir ipiiit, found in oiir ;,'i<'»t writiMx 
of tlui M<ventt«ntli ci-ntMry tho Kri'iicli trndition uliirli lluy 
linve often ho iinu'li diHIcnlty in dixcoviMin^' in onr con- 
ti>iniH>rknooUH littuiitiiio, and, I'aitlifnl ami dcvotid loihjoct" of 
Kli)(land, it wax nvvditlicli'ia tliu " Cid " ami " Andromiupio," 
BuaatiDt's " SoniioiiN " and I'aNcal', '• IVnm^a " wliicli auoku 
in tlniir IioiirtM tlio nii'iiiorj- of tluir oii;;in. 

The esperii-nco is n deiiKlitful > m-. Hut wliut ia >I. Hnini'tii'n''» 
ooiioliiaion ? 

Shall ttn be U'ns Ki-enrh than tlioy ? Khali »••• li-am from 
them wh;vt wo owo to oMri<olv«<M ? And simll we not rco.);;nir.u 
that whiitflver thoru ia tuken away fiom the tdoiy of tlie.so mou 
and of thuir iii;o is, alas I not tahoii from thorn, luit from u»-- 
takcti from tliu French .h<iu1. 

But 111) one, not M. Facuot in cnllinj; F'lauUut " one of the 
>;rt'atoat writors of h'rench litcraturo," nor Taino and M. i<<>iir;;et 
in lu-clainiini; Ktendlml, nor tlm Hepnhlic in ulorifyin;; Kenan 
and Micholet— no one, I Hay, ever fancieil that the ^lorit'u-ation 
of the writers of tlie ei;;hte«>nth or niiiptet'iith century was to !>« 
at the ex|ienKO of the writers of tlio seventeenth. To |>oint out 
tho ili.stinotion hotweon a literature, which rotlfiTta the complex 
ideas of mo<leni democrai-y and a literature intent imuilly artiticial, 
resiHindiii); to the taste of a nari-ow society of rouiti-'^nns or 
academicians, is not " to displace the centre " of F'r-nth literary 
history. M. Hruiictii're arbitrarily fixi's the " centre " of Froncli 
literary history at Versaillca. With an unciitical docility ho 
HCcept.s from Louia XIV. 's eulo^iatfl their own I'otimate ^'f thoir 
time, and proi>n^atoa the .strange prejudii-e that it is the 
seventeenth, and not the eightoeiith nor the nineteenth antury, 
which i.s the ijroinl si^'-lr. F'or it is not simply a.s writers or 
.stylists that ho ascriliea to Ho.ssuet and Pascal and Itacine and 
Oonieille this pre»>iiiinence, Imt as what M. liarros, after St4>ndhal, 
calls " profos,sors of enerjiy." 

Not to speak of their other qualities -and. if we exci-pt 
merely a few epicureans — wlmt the works of all of them teach 
us is action, and their prose or thoir vorsr are souroos of 
energy. They did not write for the sake ol writing, nor to 
realize u druHiu of isi)lati>d beauty, Imt in onlor to act. and, in 
the wonls of one of thom, in oinlcr to laionr for the 
jx)/frtioii/irm»ii< ilc In nV ,iriU. Yon know whothor thoy 
succee<lo<l thewin. The theory of art. which thoy undor?dood 
the least, is the tlieoi-y of art for art's sake. Thpy l>«iliov««l 
that sjH'och wa.s given us for the expression ol idcaf . and ideas I 
♦ .. ,..»..«.. ... ,. i;..),f .... ....;. I., f.,.. ....„.).,„» 



tio out of plare ] Li»t U* j^ l«<-tl b> tkrttt , 
they oarD iiiarii €tt thnr tiitu-, xkI laa •>« .^mi <i< . 
let iia rRiiiofiiia'r thai liioy miti U<a (•■••U:* l)ul il I 
• truly ••K-ial, trulv huOMn, Oi<tMM|4i</n -A ait l>w-y 
lolly , and thai, il |«>«h«|« ■« hava )imI, la<u • 
(tii<'ii(,-ii I do iiol l«t>«ir.> III, |;r*alri arttcr* ■• lut< . 
iiK/;« natioii'^t . ainl th'^ar ttl»^ a/i- ti.o^D taaltof^AJ 
thrill, Mill Iw tlt-aK aho l)i« ii>i.«( rracti.t.le limit 

M lirunrttorn Kaa ■tllt^'ii a )ndky «'>fk l» («»«• Uut | 
" MdDnal " of U>a hiatury ol K'attcii lll«f*lu>a 
for»t^;tt rvradar it a aiirnly Itard'y |Mwa**-«ry to 'Ut 
|a>aitlon or hia iiii|>lM>l coucloatun, liiat • V'«.t«iio «a.| | 
a < 'hat'uiibrlali'l, a Victor llu^o, a l.»>iiatt>f>«' a T> 
ilvnaii, a Michalat nr a .San. la liaioa. o: an An»f 
am " Irs* Krrncii " ttian Uiair j :e Ucaaaota I', 

diniciilt to klioa altat M iirutwlMfa >a>ii.j 
Ilia id> a i« lliat aII llto grnat «riU:a I baif )u>l ii«i 
what Mattlu'W AriK.ld •all.il • «ti!ar> ..f tJir .rcilra 
ar" io<l reprix'iitatiTii ol Ihn «»<raj;t- Kfan^h •» 
iloitaaoau la, (or inatafua, 4 |TMl>i,t of all t)."»- 
liitliK'iiroa whiih M Text*' b*« aiia'j*.d, »jid I'hsl. 
II ruiiiaiitiiiat inoi uUta«l aith » aCrong. r ■loan of llr • 
virua ; that Vi. tor llufo »ould not hat« l.--.n Vid' - 
for Walter So'tt am! tli» •.lire fAiiio'ia travollar AmMl. 
that l/aiiiartirw oaa Ityronic . tiwil Ta>n<' hail Um inui 
blood ill hia vriri". ami a.. (>rtl l»i a w. rd. that ail • 
woro in'oat writort, and aorii.. i.f lb. m. fnkaf^, u.rti »■ 
but that It la not th> y who bait, gnari Ffi-h litn 
a]«<-ial diatilM'tion, that it i« th" KoMOata ai.>l t>>a Hm 
hiivo " contributed " tho a..mrtl.iii(5 (r<»h to K«iro|»«t, | 
ami therefore it i« th- y who ar" tie more " iialxMial 

Thus •■xpliiini'«l M Itruitetora ap|i^.ir< leaa atartli 
he gOi'H farther Me lidievca that it i* th< ••• n'i<i.-M 
who have rarri<'«l tho gb.ry 01 Frrm h IittTa thro. 
World, ami this ia a proiligimia error. Kct tiie nxot 
exorciaval on othi r literatur«>s no inflm-m-^- wlwit«'»rT, *) 
writers of tho <ixtn'nth c«'ntury and tlo a4> ..| t)!'- ••igl.t- 
ninotionth centuiiea havo Umh r»'ad, hav<> .x.-niaxl an 
havo, lii-m .Montaigno to Renan. from Rali«>lai» t" Vr 
Kalxac an<I Flaul«rt, and, to fro l«ck farUu^ •'.ill, Irooi 
to .Mirlieh't, lie«n aiilEciently emanrit>at<<i frni In 
principloK of a '• tai'te " dovrlo|«il in llw hot-bonaa at 
of a polite < 'ourt to |TtMlacr> a literaturx far Urjrrr in 1 
iDt<>n«t,far roor<' generally intdligiblo.aDil tlw only l.tarat 
—we may |M-rha|«i excopt Idi Fontaine the oatiotw ih 
have ciirisl anything wliatever alx.ut. The '/r.i.i.| «»■-('. 
tribute*! something fri'sh— namely, tho " irraoil >t 
Buro|ivHn literatim-, otforwl nothing ao particularly 
n-nders of Greek or Latin. To r*|<rtKhice the 1 
the ni'slels of aiitii|tiitT waa ita arnwe<l ambition. 
other hand, tho scoptical Gallic tomper, it* atory-tellr . 
ita ndM'llion aptinat authority, ita ci«ar>aight«<lnMa, 
endownionta, it» «•!!»«< for comeily. ita jfcnioa for i: 
are (|ualitiea far nior»' "national" than the the- ri' ' 
dominant in the " gn-at age," .ind their natural fS|r. 
arresteil by the luco'oa of those " mtaieis " whom M. B 
fancies "have luuuinsi tho ditfusion '"r the ra*!iatio 
French soul in the world." 

But let us ofTor .NI. rninetii-r" a f'othi-r pm. < 
error. In that i-.m-w ■■Hfh,~r which has for two Ti«r< h<>!d t 
tion of tl'e world public opinion in other countri«« ba.« I 
side ..f the reviaii^ista. The explanation is not that f. 
wore b<>tter placed for jndjting the fai t«. nor o-rtainiy I 
acte<l willingly as •• enemies of the French soul ' It t» 
for»'igner's conception of that x.iil is l^a**.!. not nwrrly 
historic fai-ts like the F'mnch R"ro|ution. Utt on ae 



LITEHATURE. 



[Jii 



DI0KBN8 M88. 



mU of (ho Wrieht Oollooitun «r DiekfiMikii. bv Mr K. tJ. 
KiltMi. the .ulhor of ■• IM.kMit kill hi* Ilhittr-it..r». • .to. .ml > 
vWI-ktKxrti kuthorilx on tho «rurk of tiu. wov«litt. The f..llowin« 
pftrticul»r> u u. Um in«auKri|>U of Diokaaa' «rorJi«. llioir lii»t«>rv 
•wl tltPir |if»*rat KirsUvn, which m» h%v» r<K-«if.Ml from th» Mnie 
•otiTw, will. w» Ihink. b.. ..f iatar««l to our r.>«.l»rv Mi . Kittoii 
vritc* — 

•• >Vo« U»o folloviiis list (now cumpitnl fi« the fimt time) 
it wjII U 9c*» titat only f.Mir c«vn|.Ut« MSS, (timt in, of 
important wurkst ■/« in prir«t» h«n U. tlu- reiiiaimlor harinK 
h<wn b»]u«athnl t- jmMic ii»tit<iti.>nii. while of On Mrlior 
noTvl* ooljr frtt^mvnU t.xi»t. Om. mitnuiioript. \it.. thitt ..f 
* IV H>unt»l Man." a|i|>oara to bo irT»Uit<v«bl.v loat. 

L<V'ATI(>\. 

A foMniioni. now |i< po—oUon at 

Mr. \V. A. White, of Brooklm. 

New \ork. 
Incom|>lc(r. TTic rnntlor <'oIlK-llon 

• I South Ken>lnKtoti Muwum. 
A frNdiioiit. now In poMnMion of 

Mr. ( . a KmiMo. of Now York 



Ttrui A«t» UxTK or l>Himi inu.v. 
IV*wk<IX»; 

OUtw T«*.<, ura 

McImU* N'trklebr. U»a 

Ma««r Hamphrvri Clwk. 1810 1 .. 

AOMrtnir. \fi(o>. Hit 

Martin Chaulcwlt, lUS^I ' 

Chriama* Hook* 

A I'hrMmaa l-«Tol. UU .. 

TV fhliiM^ IMI 

The (.'rW^k•< on the Hearlh. IMJ 

Tbc Baltic of Ufp. ISM .. 

TV- HaTinlnl Man. IMS 
nanbpT- and !ton. IMM 
Uartd c optwrlMd. Ul»^ 
lUaak Huvr. IMM 
Hani Tlmm. 1.U4 . . . 
Ulllr Ikurrtt. t»U^; 
A Tate or T<ro <<ltlw. IMS 
Ot«a( bpcdatiofu. UH 



Not .mil,. pcrf«i. SouUi KomdnKlon 

Kouih KmialnKton Muviini. 
i^ulh K«aaiti(lon Muxum. 

In poMMaon of Mr. Mtuart M. 

Jwniiiol. IxHxIon 
Souili Kpti>lnin<in Mu««iiiu. 

.l"""*"*-'"" «>f Ml»« Iic3nrina 

HuKarth. I.Anf1un. 
I'nfrliamt im June ISth laot, by 

MONrtrH. H. Suthcr^m and I'o. 
(.\p)unKiill.v lo«t.) 
South Kin'liiKtKin Miiwiini. 
.s<Hitli Kfii>iri|{t'>ii .Miiwiitu. 
Sntiih Kr-n»iii^,)i, .Mii><>iim. 

South KpriatllKlOII MlI'M.MIIll. 

South Krn«ln^fon ^!u•M.nllll. 
South Ki-n.inicton Muavuin. 
Iiciii<'«ih<..l by thi- Itpv. Chatinc}- 

Harr Tunn-hcnd to the Wlxboch 

MuM*uni. 
In po>«e..iun of JIr<. O. \V. Chlldv. 

of ITilUrtclphU. r.aA. 
.Soalh Kcii«inKton Muncuui. 



Ov Mntaa: PrUod. UU4 

TW Mr^tary of Edwin I>raod. IJTO . . 

"Of th« ntiiior writinipi, the oriRinal MSS.'of ' Skotches of 
Young Couplo./ 1810, an.1 of • A Chil.l* Hi5tor.v of Eiiclan.i,- 
1851-4, wv at South Konsington, together with the MSS. of 
mrtnl maguinn •rticlea, Ac, writtun for ltf„iUu'» 3/i*-W/,i,ii,, 
the Rr.>m,M^, HouJ', Ma>,nt„u; th.. Krr,,«,kr, Jfuu^h^l.l tfonit, 
and All tkt Yrar Hound; itlao letU-ra and other coiitriliiitiona to 
tite Dnily Sew,, Inchiaing some of the ' Travelling Lettora,* 
aftMWSrda publiah«d aa ' Pictun-a from luly.' Of the 
' SkvtrbM by Box,' there ia extant (utraixg.. to relafco) the MS. 
of one jar«r. rit.. th«t entitled ' Mii» Kvana and •* the Eagle," ' 
which waa caulogue>l at fil nh .rtly afUir DIckena* d.-ath. A few 
of the MS.S. of nrticlea writu* by Oickoiw for ll,„url,oM Wo,,l, 
mm! All tKr r«tr KoM,ul ha»« alao biM«ii pre«.Tv,Hl in [.riyute 
oolWtion.. In a<i.lition to the MS. of • The Haunted Man." tho 
lollowina bar* diaapiwaml : ' Sumlav iind.-r Threi,. Howln ' 
1«6. -Tho Strange O.ntletnan/ 1««. 'The Vijlag,. Co-.tiottoH" 
I«6. • I. She H.. Wif., ? ■ 18»:. . .Skeubo. ..f V..„„. G..ntlo,n..n;- 
U». Hant-.( f>o«n.- 1H,VJ. • G.-.rgo Silv.miana Explanation ' 
WB8, aixl • Holiday Itomanre.' 18<W. 

• Th» oricii«l M.S. of 'l-ickwick' wa, nevr pro..orv..<l 
intact, atwl Uxi only fra^nii-nt in «xi»t«n(» compriaea chapter* 
36 an.1 M. T!,- MS. of • Oliv.-r Twiat ' l^ina wiU. tho twelfth 
chapttr aixl emU with tho .ixtli chapt-r of th.. thinl lK«>k : tho 
niaaing p>«UatM were I.Hit or <l«itroy«l .luring the clearin;; <iut 
"f Uw p«l.liah.T»' waraboiiM in tho abwncu of Mr. O.H)rgo 
BmaUf. and it l» ..win;< to an imluntrioiM aoarch aftorwania 
InMgUmi by him through th« paj^^a which lemaine.l that tho 
•xiMlng MB. va« rwiretwl. All that i» oxUnt fl Iw.Ii..,-^ „» 



•olicitor, who aiiliao piently aold it to a dmlvi 
•tun of faO; it again change<l haiida, and 
another UxikaelliiiK Hmi for i-JOO, from whom 
IMircliaa,..! it for itkiO a nuioh amallcr pric ( 
Uw laaa valuable MS. of • The llattle of Lil 
• (>rt«t Kx|Mictation« ' waa given by Dickona i 
Chauncy Hrtt\. Townaheiid (whoae • Roligio 
.hIiUnI III ISii'J). and it waa iHHuiwith.Hl by tliat 
iniiao.im at WiaUn-h. Caiiil.a, that inatitiitioii b 
of it ill 18(W. toguther with tho U.aUtors libi 
graph*, curioii. iVo. Tiiu MS. of • Our Miit 
proiMMiUvl by tho author to Mr. E. S. Dalian, it 
of hia apiireciatioii of a kindly roviow of the 
Dallaa wroU- for Tl,f Timr.i : tho recipient .lisp 
and It waa evontually aoquirwl by the lato Mr 
I'hiUiolphia. It neoma tliat tho MS. of • Tho I; 
givon by Dickon* to .i lady in exchange fo, 
autograph* -vi«., the mainucript of a play-' 
tloairo to Iw pruaorved, and which bo forthwith 



THE TROUBLESOME RAIONE OP 

♦ 

The recent diacovery of u hitherto utiknov 
7%# Troublesome Rii.jnr of Kiiv) Jol>u, and iU aalo 
large aum, hiivo directed attontion prominently t 
It may bo of inton-at. therefore, to examine «hi 
feature*, and to indiciito it* relation to Slmkoa 
the aamo aubjoct. The roign of .John, \\o\ 
Bomo " from tho hiatorioil jwint of view, hild a i 
for tho pliiywrighti of tho sixt«KUith century, tor i 
in throe forma, oitch tvpicsil of a difforont »tii 
ovolution. First wo havo Bishop Balo's Kun'if u 
rhyming vorao al>out 15«, half a Morality, fa 
hi*tory, mingling rojd iHiraonagea in curious fa 
gorical figun-a liko Dissimulation and Private ' 
other ond of tho scale we have Shakospoaro's p 
whilo proonling it by a few years and diroctly in 
is The TroHbUtimu! Raiyne. From tho Prologue i 
Uontlomi-ii Readors wo gather that tho pro«luot 
was partly duo to tho succoss of Marlowo's Tn 
nnonymoua author ovidontly thought that if tht 
outlandish and heathen hero could arouse onthusii 
capital waa to Ihi made out of the career of a nai 
of the true faith. 

You that with frit-ndly grace of smootht 

Have entertaino<l the Scythian Tamburla 

And given applause unto" an Infidel, 

Vouchsafe to weloomo (» ith liko curtesio 

A warlike Christian and your Countrynu 

For Chri(>t"( true fnith iiiilur'd ho many i 

And sitt himsclfo against tho Man of Ron 

With delightful iiiirrM tho playwright hero lu 

choice of aubjoct ou;;ht to attract the public, quit 

of hia moth'Ml of treating it. And certainly, to Mi 

of fascination, his opulent imagination, and th 

'• mighty line," he could make no claim. Yet he 

own, and take* a crtdifablo place imiong tho bm 

who made bh.nk verse at home on tboboanis of the | 

It is, perhaps, in imitation of Tamburlaiue 
divide.1 into two Part*. It opens with the iico 
and tho arrival of an cmlmssy from France to cla 
biOialf, " the Kingdom of England, with the Lord 
PoiU-rs, Aniow, Toraiii, Main." On tho indigi 
the demanil a declaration of war follow*. Hut a A 
internipta tho main action. Tho '• Shrive " ( 
apjMjara with Robert anil Philip Faiiconbridge, the 



July 8, 1899.] 



MTKFtATURE. 



jMintirlte of claiwickl i|iiotatioiM aixl >il||lily-«rr<niglit imsgary. 
TliuN whoii prido, |{«ttin({ tli>< liottor of Mil(-iiit4)rMt, iirttKii lilin to 
ooiifot* tliitt Kiii^ Kirhuiil in Ilia fiithiT, ttiottk'li tlii« iiu •(>• tlia 
loM of tlui itiitntii, III' riaioi In a lyrical Kiitlmrat : — 

J'htlififtll4, ittnttt futile i(rifih*t*, 

What aaiHt ttioii, I'Inlip, ■priiiiK i>( aiioieiit Kin^a f 

i^itn nir i-il/nt tftn/trjltit* t 

Wlmt wihilit of litiiioiir liluHa tliia fiirin [»X\.\\ 1 

Or wIlMlii'ii iiriicuilx tluiMi (iiiiin* <>( Maii»tin t 

M)<thiiil(i« I lioaiii a liiilliiw Fm'cIii> m>iiii>I 

'I'lmt l'liili|> i* tlin .Solum unto u KinU' 

TliK wliiNtlitii; lenti'M U|ioti thi< trttiiitilli>;( troaa 

Wliiatl" ill rormort I iiiii IticTlmitl'ii Soiiiia ; 

'I'hii l>nl)liiik' iniiriiiiir o( tli4< wat"r> fall 

RccokIii / Ai/i/'/nM lififtiiM filiiit. 

It U notiuoiilijti tlint thi* drlicatu i|iiuatioii la iliaiiiaatol in 
proMiiice of l.uily Kam onliriitKi'. SI>al«m|>ottr», «it)i mors 
retini'Mioiit, iloi* not intrcxliico Imr on tli« moiiu till tlic Kiiik 
uikI Court liavK ilii|iurt«<l. 

Tlii> lu'tioii then ahil'ta to Kntiirc, K|ii'ri< KiiiK I'liilip ia a) ixit 
to lay aii'^K t» An);ioi'a in " tlii< Alttinii trrritorioa " in ilxli'tMu 
of Artlnir'a rt)(ht. 'I'lio yol||l^ priine lins littlx of tlin patlu-tiu 
charm with which Slinkcapmro mah to invi-at him, hut our 
ayiii|iathii>« nri> onliHliHl for him in <|iiit<< a ilitriTcnt way. 
Thou);h ilis]>oaii<'Bat'<l, hi> ia full of imtional pntriotiam, nnil la 
■un> that his iiiiclo will not yii-lil to fori'ij;ii thn-iitt " f^'r 
i]UimtioiiloHH ho ia itn Rn^liahnmn," to uhirli, Lonia, tliti 
" Dolphin," turtly mtorta : 

AVhy lire thn Riif^lish ptwiiUiaa in lonipiri' .' 
Dmvii ciivallcra lis mt that lalanil lirxl 
Havo livilo Jiml iliilo, and (hinle ami <loii« inou;{li, 
Yot iuivi>r ^ranli' thoir ronntry for tho oanan. 
Kn);laiul ia Knulanil, violiliii); kooiI and bad. 
And .lidiii of KliKlaiid is as other .lolili*. 

Tlie scenes Ix'foro Aiijiiers, with thu wonly di'hatvs In'twicn the 
two forces, followid by th» dniwii hattlti anil the nmnia};!' of 
I^ewis to HIancliu, •lohn's nit>cti, arc v«iv cloaoly followed l«y SlinWi'- 
s|)oar«, hut the );r(Mt dramatist's wonderful pirture of Constance, 
Arthur's mother, consiimeil hy a half nnieal matornni ^ricf. ia 
but ftH>l>ly aiitioipate<l in the old play. 

With tlui entry of Pandiilph, " n Canlynale from Rome." 
John fur the tirst time steps into the forefront as the ch:impion 
of thu national religious lilwrties. To I'andulph's dimnd 
that he should show oledienoe to the Pi>p«, the Kin;; loftily 
replies, " Say .John of Kn>;liind said it, that never an Italimi 
priest of them all slial either have tytlie, tole, or pollin;; jM'iiioout 
of Knjjland ; liut as I urn Kin^;, so will I rai^no next under (i«d, 
supreme head both over Spiritual and temrall. and hoe that 
contradicts me in thi.s, lie make him hop|>«> headlesse. " When 
Pandulph proceeds to pronounce sentence of excommunication, 
the King retorts with a Kiiphui.stic ipiip, " The more the Fox is 
curst, the lK>ttor n f,iri'S,"and departs to take vengeance by an 
attack on the mona.steries. To Fauconbridjie is given the 
execution of the task, and in a ribald scene, of which Shakes|)oaro 
disdained to make use, the licentiousness ami avaricK of the 
" Popelings " are l)itteily satirized. The scene, however, is not 
without interest, for, unlike the rest of the play, it is written in 
rough, popular measures, and the dramatist at times ingeniously 
rhymes tojjether Knglish and Latin words, as " (> <'iii;>i.j r.luj- 
ivrnm — Give children nooks they tearo them, "or" O i<ar«lon, 
O jmtre, S. Franci.H for Meicie." 

It is an abrupt change from this gro.ns I'pisode to the 
affecting dialogue lH>tweon Arthur and his kee{x>r. Mtibort. Hut 
the pathos of the young prince's pleading on Indialf of his eyos is 
marre<l by his Pharisaical eagerness to prove that it is Hulwrt's 
•owl that ho ia chietly anxious to save ; — 

Hell, Hubert, trust me, all the plagues of Hell 



Mb«k»«|>nr* aMMTlM aa^y ■!! •<.<!. tlHiat ibartofte, aial • 
ttwi Ulialfnctaii, Of •« 1114 ••r<Ttita of cltlkU>ti lvrr->f aixl , 

lh» Kftrator ilr>matl>t lulluVa 1>1» |j«c<l<a«««»t II. 

allenoliliu onr a\iii|Mtt>l»* Irotu J' bit liirou^h l.':U e^ 
t<iriiiiii( hiiii from (t.at Iwto iiiI<j !!>■ > ilUin "( ll,« |<i 

IMjMirful a|mi«M-)l, at tha cUaM> f>( I'att I , tti« Klt>j I 

ghxjliiy laolalion fr^m hi* aub^o.t* 

Now tli«t ahutt nia at « .'Virfxtil • tlitf, 
A lr*Klck Ttrant, •t»ttx aixl i..til«**, 
Aii<l i4'.t a tTllii (dlosM aftrr Johi., 
Itut butciiof, lilowl-aiw'livr, ai«l murtlxrsr 

Part II. coiitaiiui mora i.orralita ainl Ivaa •IrBmali'' 
Hh<>kea|«iar» ahoowl hla liiai|{bt li> cmnir^ n aam^ tbu 11 
lliiiita, an I |it<>l>«bly In* |wtri<Htaiii aaa «i<r>« !•' I:i., 
iiicidalita wliuh aho«m| lh-> KukI:*!, iiotidilt la r»< 
tiM'ir Kill;;, aifl Intitit.at • (■•foiKn |>rii.<« t> Oi'it *■'' 
author of 7*A^ 7'f'<'*''W««''M.^ fk li'/)./ taa no tu> h arr^ipi 
(•aiiita on a liroiid coiit a* tiia alirtil>( v>>i.ta '•( John a 
\Vn aeo the lei>nl atarU ili l<'nfM>-lu.i> »l ni. Kditiuivl • 
hear til- ir imlictmxi.t nf thn rtliii<« o( II air S-.ttn 
hoWe\er, tilida It •pitiliHl adt.aitio 1:1 Kaiu ••hbo'ltfr \S 
•lohn'a ai tiial siirreinh-r of tlta tr»«n to (If I'«|«>1 I 
epiaoile wlii.'h Miai(n«|i»dr-' kn-|M off tix' *l-gm, ai<l 
the loagU" mniln l><'t«»'fi the har.iia an>l |h« t 
•■ I'olphin." ahn intoiaia " to luf.,; Ihrm f. r tl^ , 
their help. " <:( tho lattia that f.lloa* mw Iva.i 
iiitrratite than 111 >iliiki-*|>iar>''a pla> , lor Om irr*a(i 
appearing in thu i..' of the riaaaical " >l»«»ai ,-. r 
the King th>- ilKastroiia |i.,tui.<a uf thv ''a) 

I eheor'd tli« tn>iij»'e. a« did th" Prii.ce of Tr<i 
Kk wrorv f"!|o«eia ';:tinat the MatmMh r>«. 
Crying al-mde, St. <>a<'rge, th«" >lay la ■.u:« 
Kilt f>'uii< liitd raotivat*'*! c<>iirag» '|ui(>'. 
.And like 111" l^mbi- tiaforn th" ^la^lir Wolfo. 
So hartle**o t'< d our uartiioii fiom th« fixM. 

Finally, the circiimatancaa of tho King'a ilnAth aro atila 
by the earlier playwright. He ia |>o:B»r.»l by a 
S«ini>ti-ad Alilx'V in re>enge for hi« B|>ii|iat:oii 'if tba 
hoine^. Slink«>«|M>ari» ileala «iTy curtly with thia iix" 
kill.i otf .lohn aft- r a few criea of |«in Hut in Ti ■ 7 
K'liinf he l< gi\on time for a rouplo of djin,; •pn»clK« 
which hi' aiinia up the catniogiia of hia aina an<l 11 
prophesies 

From out tlip«"' lovnea ah'»ll a|ir<iig a kinglr bran 
Whose arnh'S almli leai-h unto th« L'atr* of Knnie 
And with his fi.ete treaile down th ■ .sirunii* t a 14 
That aita upon the Chain- of Itabylon. 

This borefacwl r-vnlati--n -if the Prot<><tant tei..l.n.;y • 
proves that its author* ni->ti\a<> ara r<-Iigious quito ai 
dramatic, and in oth-T ways h» shows lark --f the pi 
liner art. Hi.* ti8Ui> ». if w«- exc«-pt FaiicaobrHi^^a. am 
wooden, and he faila to exhibit tha raripioatl play ol 
and oirciiiintniice. which is of th« raavncv of bi*t<>ri 
Yet Th' Ti-'fttl'Mtm' /.'.ii'f.i- ha« «igour and animation 
in a serious spirit with gn^t p>«>nt.«. while 11. tr-^.! 
ru-|uisite comic relief. It ■kilfully r-imbinaa natiii- an 
elennnts. atid — highmt tribute of all— it lanbw raad vil 
interest for its own niorits e»en by tboar familiar w 
speare'a plav, which owc«l to it to much. 

FRKMEnUK .s f 



FROM THE MAGAZINES -IL 

Ij»dy Raiiilolph Churchill's i.e» quarteriT i:ii--»> 
.4>i:f'u-SiJ'<»i R'Tinr, will i),t liotibt l<a, \o tha ina|->f ity - 



u 



LITERATURE. 



[Jul 



wMj «tUr«(«M fnoB Umm* vhidi «« •<• uani to look ft>r in «>UM>r 
kisK-clMa mag»*iitM ; lor UtMx, tuu, kav* Mit«r|iri«in|; wliton 
«Im m* •CKUMaoMil tu MrK otit novvlt)' wkMvrtir thtr* i* th» 
KMMtMt diaoe* ol fin<iing it. I^r iUn<)ul|>h Cbur«faill. how- 
war, i* to b* coik4;rmtuUt«>l upon luTind reoruitnl • l>«iMi of 
illastrioua tupporlM-*, \<4ii pri>(«Mioual> kimI atnatpun. Amonf 
ti>ri«ttor >n< Sir Ku.luU Slalin. tiio H»n. Wtiitvlaw Rfiil, who 
vrilM >4 •' S.>Mv Coi>M<|u«aoM of tb« laat Tronly of Pari*," hihI 
l^irtl R>aot«rv, vbu** (M{ior on •• Sir K«>l«rrt IV-l " rxniUiiinaotne 
iDt*rT*(in^ ^iHmtl rrflcHtiont on tho inc«inrrnirnffii attaohiuf; to 
U» i4ic>rvua |«wition of IVtnx- Miniator. Li>i«l Roarliory |>«r- 
tioiUrly aalmiraa iSei for bi> liiaeriniination in twatowin); 
hoaowa ami MttoluftMrala upon littrarv iiM>n ; in practin*, a* w« 
•U know, hm haa not onir arftnirMi, hut imi'at4><l, hi« I'XiimpIv, 
TWt* ar« two «ii<irt *toni« in tb* numlipr-on* by Mr. H«nry 
JaaM« ani on* by Mr (SilbMl Parkt-r. an<l both of tbvm 
rk*faetartatic atoriva : whila " John (Mirer Hobhcw " contribut«a 
a drama in threo a<^a, written in blank vt-rw, which, though 
oftoo fina, tk*a not alwaya ncan aaaily. Thua ; — 

Ood put into my portion 
Crrtain adrantacr*, whirh, falaifyinK 
Tkpir promiant. hava tunMil into calamity. 
Vigour, high atation, taatoa, ik«irea, aim* 
Pitchr<l far alxivo my (-<>m(MHTa, but to niAr all — 
I waa U-trvithfol, while yi't a Miiaelaaa boy — 

Wa may alao quota • f«w lin«a from a ptaro by Mr. Swinbuma 
oo tha CaatMiary of tlw Uattia of tb« Mia :— 

O M-«, our •«•, that hailtt him for thy i-tar, 
A hiiiwIrtMt y<«r» that fall u|K>n tlipc are 

Eren aa a humlrtd flake* o( rain or tnow : 
Nu atorm o( l<attlo aigiu ti.eo with a acar. 

lint mrcr more mny ship' that aaili thee show, 
Hut never may th*' aun that lovi-e thtv know, 

Hi.t uert-r may thine Rn|>lan<l give theo more, 
A m\n aboae life and death shall prniM' thcc so. 

Tbo Nile, the a<-a, the t«ttle, and the shore 
Reari) aa we hear one wort) aria* and soar, 

B<-bold one name above them tower and ^low^ 
Nelaon : a light that time Ikjws down I efore. 

It ia aniK-ancvd that subscribers who {wy a year's subscription 
in adrancv will K- rewanU*! by having their nHiiiea printetl (in 
diatinguiabed company) at tbe end of the fourth volume. 

Dr. George IkmiMlea pleaila the caoae of Sleewick in the 
Contrmfift^ry -* aubject which givea occaaion for an eatiinate of 
iMiiiah oiltvrr aa rompwnvl with (iemian. which, coming from 
the le*ding critic of Dftimark, ia of great intcreat. 

Tbere is truly fb« aavs] a Oaniah culture. It would not l>e 
LioMihIe to find within tne (irrinaii Rnipire, even in the whole 
U«rmar.Hi|H-wkiiig world, any gri-np of '-J.OUO.OOl) pe<iple 
pOMMaiiig the whole range of an iiKlependeiit culture, from 
acriculture ami navigation lo lirin;: political interest aixl a 
high rhiik in the arts of |aiiiliiig and |>oetry. Hut in iKtiiniark 
amh a culture ia found with an iiulividiial stamp of its own. 
It ia, pethana, i.ot unn««eaaary to ri'Miiiid the Gcriiiaua of what 
all Dane* Know that this small country h^s | roduc4-<l nn 
aatronomer like Tycbo Itraba : a Nielx Steiio, the fnun<1cr of 
MOtogy : f)le KorUK-r. the man who found out the velocity of 
light ; ami H. C Oaratcl, who diacovenvl electro-magnetism : 
atwl th*t ainoni: this [leople an entirely new scienoa, that of 
«rrb«ology. waa (ouimWI ami ilereloiMxI. And to this ilay there 
ia no plaa> in (M-rmany where they uiHlerstand how to manage 
a (Uiry. <>r |«int a piece of china, or to bind a book, ao well aa 
things are flone in iH-nntark. 

look upon Danish culture aa a " mock sun °' to the 
It i« triM that the i<i**a of the Reformation came from 



moat highly in the art of p<Hitry -namely, n<i»r 
most conapiououa in Hana Anderaen. Moreovai 

The simpler ami iiH>re coufidential tone of 
has enablnl it to make its way down to the 1r 
more etfivtively than in Oermany, And tin 
the |iopular Kuro|ioaa intellectual and literal 
older in IVnmark than in tiormany, or, it 
country. K<t example, Staen lilicher's Jiitlai 
|<i<aaant htoriea are much older tlian Ima 
Oli(>rhof," which inaugurated wliat ih uallrd i 
in Oernianv, whence it )Nuist.d over into 
(feimnny also it croaaed to France, from 1 
Italy. }«> SUtii Klicher is the foreriinn* 
liiiiiiennHnn, A<i<'rl«oh, (iourga Saml, Hjoernx 
reulistic of tliem nil, Vergn. 

Denmark ha« developa<l high school eduontini 
than (.tormaiiy, ami the culture of its KtiidonI 
shown by the e<luoational work of the 1 Danish at 

One priMif «if the extraordinary desire for 
the large middle-class in iKmmark, aa in the 
may t>u foumi in the immense niiiidier of au 
(foriraril), a journal ilovoted entirely to 
AYould it l« jKissilile in any part of Ou 
]>opulation of two million ]ioonlu, for a sci 
with a supplement drawn pntirely from cl 
obtain 80,UIO auluMTiliers in one year f 

Profeaaor IKiwilen in the same review has 
the part Puritanism has playefl in Knglish 1 
from its religious side, which is fully unalyrr 
iH'rhaps the princifial factor in a Puritan Htera 
Professor might have laid more stress that 
democratic spirit. MilUm, indued, it* chie! 
was ariatocratic -the advocate of an oligarchy < 
strt iigth lies in the fact that " a literature iiif 
sym|iathiia gains" a homely strength, a genial 
for man as man, a lireaiith of human interest, 
not su|)urcilious, a pity which is not condesceiidii 
qualitiea are maiiifeat in l>oth parte, |)erhapB 
second part, of the *' Pilgrim's Progress.' 
Harrison's address on Liiiiili and Keats, deliver 
of tlie Pasamote Kdwords' Free Library at . 
printotl in the 'Aiiitrmyuiar)/. 

" Modern Gennan Drama " is dealt wii 
Magnus in HUukirooil. What Mr. Magnus 
" Elizjtbethan *' (tcrmany of to-day ia ita draii: 
to the Imix'riul idea " ; and hia conclusion ix 
>ertain obvious iioliticnl conditions, the time 
the birth of a national literature. 

Inspiration waits on iileala, and tlie ( 
to-<lay lias not yet foniinlato<l its purjiOMs. T 
tugs one way, and (ierniany is becoming a g 
(ouncila of the world. But her home ] olicj 
the Liberal aontiment of the Kmpire haa i 
cry. In a house dividetl against itself tlio X 
a resting place. 

An anonymous paper in Mtinnillan plea 
Tennyson to be roganled as " The True Poet 
It ia a claim that the recent po|mlarity of Mr 
ban caured critica with short memories to ign 
requires that it hhould bo made. For Tennyaoi: 
Im]>uri»liam in the daya when Lord Heaconafl^ 
" thoa€' wretched Colonies ' ' ; and he sung the pra 
•Saxon nnderstiiiiding " l<mg before suoh a thii 
range of imme<liati! practical p<ditics. Aa the v 

Catching phmaea and felicitoiui occasi 



July 8, 1899.] 



MTEKATURE. 



duty iKKt anil with thu |>iiri»>t in»tlv><«, whittxir tlut >l<(ty Iw 
li^htinK, or tra<liii|;, ur |>ri>*|><ictiiui. "r coloiiuiitK' '" t^kii'U 
(lart in th« vital itiiil vuriuil iibtt.'hiiii ry ■•( |;ovi romniit. 

It iH Ik VMry tiliii'ly uttit'lK, Aiintlinr aittili' c>( Itola ia ttial uli 
" Thi> Ktial <rArUiKii.iii," ty Mr. <»«'rrtlil Hr«'ii«ii a I«l •' '" 
wllilth tllK (lolit of Dllllliia to ttlB Mnilioira, of wlllctl an Knirllsh 
tritiixlittion Iat4>ly i>|>|i«uii'<l, in trnnol. 

Mr. Ltmliii St4i|>li«iii luliU lu bi« " Stuilma ol a |tii>i;rm|>li<ir 
• |ia|i«ir, cuntriliututl to tli« ynttonul AVrtm, on Houltwy'* 
liittorn. It in a Kiilujjy of tlin |io<it tia " a (jimtloiiian to lli« • ors ", 
and will Imi riiail, na ia all Mr. Loalia .Stn|>ltrD'a l>iot;r*|iiit< al 
work, with int<ii'i"it. 

A lon|{ anil rarnfiil artirl'< on ('rokxr vinWMl aa " A auntiaaor 
of SuiiiiiiO Po|)y» " iH thi' li'Bilinu litiTary l>»|»'' m Trin/tir lUn. 

To tho (Iriitttiiiiiit'i .)/iii/ii.ii>' Mr. John It. Krrar i-oiitrilml«>a 
an nrtivhi on «|>itapha. It ia an olil aubJMt ; but thn «rrit«r'a 
inihiatry baa brought t<> liKht many Ko*") tiiiam|>lMi which am 
n«w to ua. Tho older 0|iita|iba nro i>lt«<»i th" (••"•t, for tho florid 
and iidiiliktoiy atylo In wbii h duvotional fi<«ilini; ia •utM>rilinnt«<l 
to tlM< I oraonal i^niatnaaa of tiio di'ei<H«i<d did not ioimk in till 
afttT thu Itttfoniiution. One of th« lintuit, hoWKVur, i» a w<<ll- 
knuwn one by Saiiiui'l Wutdtiy, at Wialxxh : 

i'ontiiith a Nloi'piii^' iofiint lioa, 

To uni'tb wbiMui IhiIv li'iit 

Mora );loriouN xbnll lliTcaftxr rifx, 

Hut not iiiori' inniH'i nt. 

Whi'H tho Ari'bnng<ir» Truiiip (■bull blow, 

And Boula to f>o<lio« join, 

Milliona will wish their livtm Ih>Iow 

Had iH'tiri na i>hort ax tin no. 

Lanibourno, in IWrkahiro, i^iviw th« following ijuaint aanitiiry 
admonition :-- 

In tho nioinin); I wont foith woll, 
lirou^ht homo my doutb. t<>i>k h» n nmrll. 
Tberoforu in iioiilth ulwityx |iio|>itru 
To moot our Lord iind Saviour thori'. 

And anion^; tho iiiikny o|iitn|>hN foundoti on tho imriiblo of an 
inn wu may noIoi'I tlii.s, which iiiiiamr-i, oddly enough, in two 
villa^eN in Cinuliurlaiid and in ('ornwall : - 

Lifo'n an iioi ; think man tliia truth ii|><>n, 
Soiiio only l>iitil.j\i.<t and are <|uickly );ono, 
Otbois to (liitiitr htay and aro full fo<l, 
Tho oldo.it man b\it .ik/w and '/i"-.< to hr^l. 
Largo is his .<>i>r< who tarries through tho day ; 
Who gcjos tho soonest has tho loaat to f>"». 

Anotlipr oxc<dlont paper in tho ranw nuiuhor is ono on the S<-ot» h 
|>oet, " William Dunbar," by Mr. A. S. Nolaon. 

In tho I'm-itftH tluTo is iin onorgotif articb' in wliicb Mr. 
Kre<1(Tick A. Atkins ] rol>onnd» a ache mo for producing a Obria- 
tian daily new'fi|>a]Mr which would {My its way. Hid idea S4i'ma 
to bo that Christianity wants tho now journal iani — with 
the sjiorting tips left out. I>raniiitif criticism, iit nil oTonts. ia 
to bt> included for the aatisfactory n'asiui that *• Iir. Morton niids 
all the dramatic criticisms in sovornl no»spap< rs." but roisjrts 
of racing m«H>tingB aro to be omitted. (In the other hand. Mr. 
Atkins " would welconio a deacriptiro article on tho Derby from 
a Puritan." 



FionoN. 

.« 

^Ir. William Sharp's new novel, Sii.knck Vxhm n.omlon, 
(irant Richard.s, "s. (kl.), owes nioBt of its interest to the tragi «ly 
of a situation which, with variations, 1ms Ixon h»rd-worko«l since 
its invention. Two young {xvple are in lovo with each otl\or, 
but they nro provente<l from marrying by the young man's father, 



Uot laiiK<itah ; »lt^^ li» llw»<rr*tl<i cialttv i^aic* t"*i 
ima|in»lio«i. Tb« tt>rM> |«ia<rt|>kJ fa««u*>«c€« ai« | 
•ikI C'twUtautly rli*r«<^tKrtawt, lt»»«,-b all •#• tj 
•B*ti aarvtcn IliBlf aiKM-ti U oiatbljr Ijuwialml Hr>/0 
or a raAlwxiiont ntmly cvlruUlwi )'y «a'yli>c ■»•• 
atalwii If on« MimtU ilialart at ail, lK« aotbnr i 
ti, have luwil it jiulb lotialy >»«• TWtn •!<< -.tb» r 
ami X'liKi laiHlH'»|'< ahuh, th'>u|h |>iir<t; •Icr- 
|<(tr|<M«', (>ii|ibt nut Vi bn akllilssl . aixl Mr. .Ht>*(] 
ItoirBt |> Uaa inaliti«rr«l aiwi iwrn Hli»«Ba(t« tkaii «• 

NiarORICAt. HOVBLA 

III Tna Oit> |liiiii«M>« (C»«utoU>, IW > M>M M 

Iireaxiila lw>r rsaaUT* with " an aaranmi ••( rttXMH 
ffm " III tho tii<M> •■( Cka/I«> Ik* rW*ti>l. Thm ' 

l>*'llllll|o|i •,( \ |l|,'lllla ' ■• IIk" natMi, a<vl i'f I 

author mlitiai'aa, with !>•> Iitlla' •kill, l'» tnati'>t» 
wb" liavc doii«i Mrr*i<>< In " •-•••l<i«i«» ivteu t- t I 
yoari. 

I« riiK Ki«i. > Ka«ii« a. hy J V. Mi •bLa-k ' 

»!«.), IS ib"rri)M.<l as a ri.ii«ai>'« o( Kb'blaii I 
la cbinlly c<>i»*tiird wiUi liw lott, alfai'* t4 a ¥■'•!'< 
dn Itiui-li at tlM< I oKil of Kii>K Jaiiax l\ u( "^ 
.\|iuklock apiM-ar* lo ba^« •tiiilie*| bi« )«^"««1 ra*« 
I aiiiiot awiiil ibr fi'vliit^- that Una ■• ir«tly a ntitX' 
iiiua(|i:i>ra<liiig «• an bi*tori< al .oiiuui^a 

.Mr. Tbur|« Korrvst toka* u« a ba; way )«<« : , 
THr. W isrr, i Dii.ka. rtb, '.'«. IVl i. wbini ..|«-i,« m t' • 
followa the \iiryini.' (ortuiws ••( Dntiiinn. I'noo- ..! 
the many little kiii^doina Hit" abhh .NcKtitavti llri 
ditiilisl Mr V' rri<«t a li(;hliiig i* wanting tn <•>!. 
I'.« haa aiicctx'«li'<l fairly woll iii imlminit hitnarif wi*. 
the tillli' 

Mr. .L>hn .^aht'.n in Ki.<iBi/ri 'a Km M '•'hatt 
tho talo of Mrs. Kilx)Hn)>rtt and lit- rf IV, Mr . 
tlw |K<ri> tl well, and to th<'a<' wl>o •iij-tv Ue e<Ma:| 
o( bygone ilaya it may U< ii-i- •minriMknl. Tharv i 
frontiaptvco of tlM< lti<ly from < oaaav'a uiniiaturv ••( 
terrible ■■xnmple* of bow «om<'n laiwl |onn«rIy al 
tho ■■ariratui i«t 

The mt.nt •iirci'saftil writers "f bi>t"ri<s) tKi* 
history iuoh'It »a a l»irk;;r"Mml for tbeir ni-Ta" er I 
chnructors. {•% rMK Shai«>w or nir. t'l-ow^ (O'tva 
.M liid<U-r, folliwa a •litfervtit iiM-t!i<«l. It is r. r.- 
excluaitoly w.tb lii>tcHic*l irraonit^iw l*r<iv<< J< 
tho younger hou of Kin;; K.^lwur-' tho Si..-..ihI, t»in, 
tho iiiaobin iti<'n» i'f Qioen Isalsdla •> pply tl» n«w-»« 
Mr. Hiildor i«, tlorelore. rather lami«T»"l in hiajil 
attoiii|it to depict the aetual roiirvo of eienta h* i- 
at-iry ; otlH'rwis*- the look is wkII writtiti, ami mual 
autl.or c«>n«ider»blo roaoarcb. 

Kroai Misa .\iiH-li.i lUur wo ib< not e^|H<rt a w- 
in hot lut<«t iiokel (I, Tiioi . x\i> thk <>TH(a <>»c. 
she diM'a iioUilisaPtkiint ua It ilmU with tft* trout 
of tlie Keform Mill, and the life ami mantw-r of 
fairly, convient'otialv skotche.1. TJio rtory ttarif 
simple iliroctiieiHi and a nati-ral charm of atylo. wKk 
t<i Its merit, thoiigb <>>'cas|,>nal oxti^itKwi mi^Iit. (wvl 
to It by the student of biat'iry. Wo do „i4. l»..wo»»T, 
for history, but for entortainmetit, anal of UuU thn 
Mis* llarr's book. It i* hoalthv in t<'n«, (r 
mmleni taint of ]>ayrbo|..giral atu>ly>is ami nx* 
and rofitnins some ilaiiity ami plrwaant bits of •IrWrr 

Canada has Ix'tNimo of lat*- a farciirit^- firM wit 
cal novelist, and we hare two autborra M«s» 
Mcl,«'nnan and .1. N. Mcllaraith rr>Uab<>ratinf m 
which thi' articn takes pla^' chiefly in Ixmiabourc i 
the days of tho strum;lo b<-twi'<-n WoJfo ami M 
menioira of Chevalier Johnstone. Uiey t4 U ua. 
rhara<ter of Maxwell of Kirkconnel. who ocv-upi* 
honour in Tnr Sr.\\ o' L>rr (Harp^m. «• ) ; »rj«I 
parsonage* in th<» stotr will no douM ba- rrcr^rf 
familiar with tho Canailian hiatnnr ol that prno 



26 



LITERATIRE. 



[Julj 



o4lMr»iaB «r«ll cootrivrd 0«aaf;h, ami rnaVr* a noiiiMt. if not |iar- 
tieoUrix rMBwk»hi*. •pK'imPti oi th« hirtoricml rumancn afUr tho 
iMkiob *e< b]r Mr SUalry WvviuMt. It U acrwaibljr illiutrotml. 
AnutlM* CanatlinD (ttiTT i* Th« Pa«i>iiiAL'it ItauTMKK, liv 
John Mackta> iJur>-ki, 3*. Oi).), which •{••■•nrM ln-tinr tr<wtiiM>iit 
than tl gvta lu tha niatt*r of tM|«<r. itriutinc, atul biiuiins. It ia 
• «*1I-U>t<l tak- of Uw N<>nh-\Yr«t MoiintrtT I'oliix), at the tiiiio 
wtwn Ln'uit Rirl na* nutkinj; trouble in C<<n»>la. 

A harali. narm«-mill>l«il WeaWran famtM-. hi* bsautiful, 
■fa.'ntanl {;Tanit-<lait};ht<<r. *hom h« lovo* iWpIv hut rt-^nU 
•i*ajr>. aikl itot without r<Ni»oii, lu ■ hnui<l to h« pfiiokv I from the 
Iximinj;, uyl a |-altiah yoiini; niuire aiv tlw familinr rhuntctvm in 
Mr». CoainiaCarr'alitlJe Noii«»iifonni»t traiCwIy.THB A«v <tr thk 
Ijumf (Duckworth.a*. (kl. k. T«»-> much i>traw in', we tliiiik, Uiil on 
tha ac4tH>wl«a(»«al failiU);> of tl • |<>-<>|>h<il»m'ril>e<l, aiul not i-noiii;h 
on tbMr equally iiixto.ihtwl virtiu-a. The main iiitereat <>f 
tti« bunk CMttri-* III tl a rliarartenxiition of Uic «ricke<l ohi lutint, 
Jeaa* Maiklani^. The wntvr i* ovi-r>foi»l of noti*« of exclHttia- 
tUMi, h-.it »l:e ha« (.•r;;..tt«'n t<< inwrt oiio aft«T thin n-markabU 
Hw***-"'*"t that ^•unht i-yt" wa» bi>riiii; into liini, blaxiii^' 
rt<«'iiiy aa of yorv. ' ' 

A l**t rea Mill ion- iikk (Prarnon, iU 61.), by .\uKtin I^ryern, 
thmmh c«>iniiion|>l.it-« in iiianni>r, in not unint^Tostiii;- in its 
matter. Mr. I'ownceby-Smith, a >'«•»• Vork niillitmairo, romoii 
urxkr an awimel nanM< t-i Kn'.:l*n<l. He loi-o* hin lu;;na^»', and 
fii»<liii;: liiniM'H lai-nnihiui in London, in ilrirt>ii t<i neek rffu;;e in 
the wnrkhoiu«. Thf i<h<« ia not. w<> think. <|uite original, hut it 
u 1x4 ha<lly vork»l out, tlie milllonairv a adventurt** boln^ 
•ieacnhaal viUi a gao-l deal of apirit. 

A OOOD SPANISH NOVEL. 

I«» W". I). HOWKLIJ* 1 

If by any elf act of •dvanciiig civility wu could have treat' d 
with Spain for tb<* oaaaion of her thr>-« novellata, Perez Galdos, 
Knilia Fanio-Hax.'n, ainl Aniiandu i'nincij Vald<<s. I. for one 
AaMrtcan, ahuuld ha\f been much more content than I nni with 
Cuba, Puertorico, and tin- Philippine* ; and I nhould have 
thoaeht our peaov c<>mniia9i<<n>-r« at Paris ha<l niadu a bettur u»i< 
of tht? moiK-y if th.y lud jiaid Sjialn *aO,000,(X)J for her liist 
noveliat alone tlian they La\e made in buying u* thu ri};lit to 
cniah out a barbarous a«piratiun for free<lom in the Far Kiutt. 
Of courae. I **a Jirnctind dilBoultif* in tha way of mich a 
n agotiation. and I am a little coiuoled when I n-tlcct that in th>> 
fiiuaant {lolitical condition* in Spain Seiior YaliWn himsolf would 
not have (r>t a vent, of the money. Still, I wish wo had him for 
oar oarn, and I could nami- several American novelists whom I 
would glwlly excfaajice for him. and throw in n poet or two into 
the barinin. I think we •hoiiM find in him something very like 
oar boaatnl Anv-rican humiur, with some other thin;:N to which 
we cannot lay special claim : ns a certain swe<-tn<-ss, a gentle 
•piritoality, a lo»-e of purity and gootlni-ss in themselves, aii<l an 
insiiiht into tlie working:! of what used to be called the s;>ul. 

If we ao>)uirwl bim. it wouhl follow that ho wouhl write in 
Enicliah, just as ibe Filipinos now think and feel in our political 

1, and are ficbtint; for their indepemlenc«« as wo fought for 
and this would he distinctly an advantage, for no version 
of 8«b<ir Val<leii' Spanish seems to (jive (piite the effect of the 
original. His last story is still in its native s|>ei-ch, however, 
and I shall have to send tiie rearler to that for a full sense of the 
cbam of ■■ La AI<?Kris del CapiUn UilM>t." It is, ai all the 
•Uiriaa of this dvliithtful author are, a novel of manners, the 
■MiWrn manners of |<mrincial Sfmin—and, by the way, while we 
WM« spoiling oar pr<Mtrata foe, I wish we could have got s<ime 
o* Ibasa, too ; they would form an a^racahlq ndiof to our own, 
whidi Utey aoriaiH so murh in pi<-tura*(|Ueni-ss, to say Uio least. 
Tlw scan* is mostly at Valencia, where CapiLin ItilKit, who 
a att^UDer nlvini? )mtMi'<-n liHTC'lona ami H;iiiiliurir. 



attai-he<l to each othv>r ; Dofia Cristina has nevi 
moment in her truth, and Marti ha* nexer susiM 
The situation is so far aiiiiplitia<l for Capitiiu Kibi 
to take himsidf in hand, and determine to be a o 
and hontwt man. Still, with all his advantagM, I 
and tlio cliapti>r devottMl to his strugglo with hi 
to the riHider of Valdes some of the loveliest and lo 
in his story of " Maxiraina "—one of the noSl 
written. There is no |iarity of incidont, but i 
same : niid the result is consoling. Kil>ot 
the friend of these friends of his, and it is 
Marti a deatli that he sutfera himself to 
Criatina's lover. Then she meets liiH offer of n 
assent conditional ujioii his making it right with 
view of his having loved her as anotlier's wifi 
and Valil(<8' jisyc'hologieul nuhtlety is shown 
management of the situiitiou. Thu ttory end 
resigning hiiiiMslf to continue thu friend of Mai 
to remain f jr his orpbani their beloved Tio Hibo 

This difficult ]>ass is achieved not only withoi 
sentimentality, but with manly truth nii<l constn 
novel is, so fur as Kilwt and his two friends i 
tender idyll ; but on other sides it is an ox(|uiei 
some fine tragic implications. The cliara-ter of 
Cristina 's mother, with her frank, immoral oli( 
wrong of Kibot's love for her daughter, the con 
hhe surprises from liiiii, is doliciously studied ; ( 
logical nature of her son, Sabas, who habitua 
follies of his friends without over omitting any 
coiutant joy. Doiia Isabelita, the little miser 
friends pi-ovido for him as a wife, when, in the Lat 
<lucide he must marry, but who promptly thrown 
she finds that his wealth has been over-estimi 
another novel pleasure of the book ; and her m 
woman of affairs, who, whenever n subject of 
conum up, wishea to speak of it in English, is i 
funnier. Around all is thrown the atnioMphero c 
so different from our own. and yet of n huinai 
Anglo-Saxon, or the Russian, or the Scandina 
we fiiiil oursolve:* charmed at <mce by its stm 
familiarity. There uru the sumo temptations. I 
tions, thu same strong desires, the same trunilil 
masking under southern skies and in an alien a 
recognizable by thuir truth to what all men feel i 

I do not call this novel Vahli^s' beat, or uveii 
but I wish that every one might re.id it who i 
fallible branch of thu race the good that beloi 
race. We Americans are apt to think, because 
the Spanish warships to pieces, that we are i 
Spaniatds ; but here, in the field wheru there 
they shine our masters. If w<j have any novul 
with tliuirs at their best ; if wu have any no' 
iiameii witli " Doiia Pevfecta " and " Lto 
" Maximiiia " and " La Heimuiiu de San Suipiz 
puzzled to think of them, in due pitdi, at least 
like to have some one else try. 



©bituar^. 

♦ — 

VICTOR CHERUULIKZ. 
Our Paris corruspoiulent writes as to tha deal 
of M. Victor Cherbuliez, ut his Seine ot Murne e 

hi-Ville : — 



July 8, 1899.] 



IJTKHATl'RK. 



Mnpir* orer whicli tlui Kn<f>c'h t<'i>(;<><' boliU tmmy. Proluililj M. 
Kiloiiaril H<mI, n i;i>m|»tri»t of <'h*rtiiilii'i, will •uci-oikI lum ; t>.r 
ttt tliu moiiiKiit no otlii'i' hwi>« MmiiIiI vi-ntuia to itniul lor the 
vacant nxat. ClmrlMilii /. • m |y attriir(n<l ktlniitioii \>y n littln 
clauii! of nrt mitii'ioiii. ' t'ri <'lii<Viil il>< I'tililiM ' Kir itiaiiy 
triivulliTN lit Athi'iiii tliiii I'Dok link Ut'ii it tu./r int.uii>, •■ 
iii(Iir|>t<ii>in)ilii nil in ' Thi> Stoiin* «( V(tiiii.'ii ' for viiitora to Ihn 
Quet<n lit tlio Adriatic, Tliio work, an<l not tli» novnU, will 
preiiArvi' Chi'rliiilii'ii'a imriio, ultlioii|;li in hi* iiovi'U lu< ihowiil 
t)i« natiirul ^ift of tin' iifnitlrif, , which kbvi> hiin a w«II-<li»iirvi<l 
ri'piitatioii. Ororpi Saixl woiilil M-nm to tiava Int'ii hi* tixxlnl, htit 
hi' ciihiiot Ui Miiil to hitvii hull hi r ' t< (ii[>< r.tini'nt ' At all I'Vi-iitJi, 
h« hohl hiliiii'lf ill riintrititit, for hia aiiihition was to miii 
(Uci'rKa nnioii^ thn reailiTi of the Krniirli iiii<lilli<-rlaMi, aa 
tllP nroi'HKKrv coiiilitioti of riieiii)n'r«hi|i to tbn Ai'iuli-iiiy lln 
took thi< iiiont iliroct roml to that t-ml hy |ilai iiiK hiiiia«tf 
lliuh'r till' ^iiiilame of thn |>ot«litatn of thn lUrur ilrt ilmr 
jt/iiiii'r«, th« aiile of whirh at (iniKrva wna imahml hy a 
moiiilM'i' of f'lii'rhiilii'r.'a family. I.ikii many (!i<iievana, he 
kni'W till' Oi'niinii nnil Kn^liih lanK'niK*'" "' "'"" a* Krxiirh hi' 
hail Ih'i'Ii I'lliicuti'il nt lloiiii iiiul IIitIIii ami tho ^'rnat liiilo/. 
foiiliil hia aorviii'N r,ai<fiil an rnviower of (iiTiniiii niiil Kiii;lia)i 
hiioki. Ki>r nuiiiy yonri liii iirtirli'H aifjiiml ' ViiIIntI ' ha»i' Ix-*'!! 
II fiatuiO of tlii" ri'vii'W, nnil, colli'i tiil into n halfiloxoii V'lliiinna, 
they huvo hi'l|it'il to kci'p Freiirh i'li'ua aann ii)Hin nu'ii nml thiii^-a 
Iwyoiid tho froiitiiT. It i.i for thia tlmt Kniichrni'ii liavn riiimt iranon 
to thank him. I.ikit th« Dutrh jonriialinti of th« i-ml of thfi aeviii- 
tiitnith I'oiitiiry he, tlu< ilcscenilaiit, tliiin took a ri'Vin^'o for thi' ri'Vi.- 
I'ntion of till' Kitirt of Nanfoi hy I'lilar^'iii); th« lioriKoiiof th« French 
Houl. H« haa pitKacd away at tho li^o of aevi'iity, hroki'ii-hnarto I hy 
tho death of a si'ii only u few ucoka a^o, lonvin;; thn ropnUttion 
of n hniir /lomiiii- ami n loyal gniitleninii. Hut hia wi.rk haa,a(tor 
all, l>fi«'ii thi' flt'Otin}; work of thn joiirnaliat, invo for th.it n^nijln 
book, ' I'n Chi'val dn Phiilia.-i,' for whiili many a younj; arholiir will 
alwaya fiel a »]io<'inl tniiilenicaa. Thr following ia a liat of hii 
hnttor known novola : ' I.o Conito Kostia,' l«<J.'l ; " I.o Prim-t' 
Vitulo,' 1804; 'Paulo Mito," 1H64 ; • I,i. Koimin diini' 
honniHo Krmmi',' IStW; ' I.,o Oraiid <Ktivro.' IW7 ; ' IVi>a|K'r 
RandiHO,' INW; • 1,'Avi'ntum do Ladiahia Itolaki,' IHll'.i ; ' f-n 
Kiam-i' d» MaiU'iiioiaillo do Saint-Maiir,' 1H7H; and ' l.'lih'K iln 
.Icnn Ti'tiTol,' 1878, whirh was tninalati'il into Knyliah under 
the titln of 'The Wiah of hia Lifn.' Later hooka arn ' Noira 
»'t Rongos," ' (HiviiT Maiigant,' ' I-o Knrmo dii ('hiM|iianl,' 
1884; 'La Hi^tn,' IW<7 : 'La Vixation dii Comto (Jhi^lain,' 
1888; 'Uno (iasouri',' 1881V " 

Sir William Klowkk b«>f;an life aa an army aiirgnon nml 
stTVid in that cajiacity in thn Crimean War, Imt found hia true 
infiiir ns a man of .scionco. Anion;; tho a|>|>ointmenta whiih hn 
held were those of Conservator of the Miiamim of the Hoyal 
Collepo of Surgi'ona, Huntorian Profesaor of Comivar.itivn 
.Vnatomy, Piesidont of tho Anthroi>oloj;iial liiatitiiti', and 
Diri'otor of the Natural Hi.atory Section of the Itritish Miiaeum. 
He had also receiveil the gold medal of tho Royal ."Society for his 
contrihutions to tho morphology and cla.vsitication of tlin 
mammalia, and was the author of many im|>ortant works on 
osteology and .viinilar .subji'cts. 



Corrc6pon^cncc. 

— ^ — 

THE QUiGSTIO DE AQUA ET TERRA. 

TO THE EDITOK. 
Sir,- My nttiiition has hwn drawn to the followiii:; paracraoh 



Ht> far aa Ihia rtatMnvnt r«>t>c««tM mywcU aul iltB cul 
Ltltiml-K, I niiut lakn Usir. |« |«lnl vuX tt>a( it m •! 
mi*!aaMliii{< Mr tiimii t;ivr* t»> iriut„i^tm, ImH t^ t.*.! ; 
I |ir«tai||li«, my ji-tteta l<> /.i(<rulxr', Imbltakol -,tt^ 
liioiitha «!;•■, OH the aith^ca-t of Mr Ikotnl.^'* If*a*la(. 
i^>f»tu> dt A'l'^'t 'I Ttrtf. Ill n|M> lit (li«w Mtc** I li 

Kroiiihy to taak lor lUacrihtng tlm t^-.ft>., m ■■ u, u). ' 
•aiithentlr " •tirk nf |>aii|<i, -m Iho kixhimI \\^\ (!.• i, 
l>rofnM<'<l l^aiiluti ri'ifard the aork ma all tui\mu\»u\ i 
piir|-,«ely mfralool from ciijfaMinif aii; o|mi<>.,ii ..| tr. 

thn auhjrrt, u IK t ImiIII;; rrtnTafll !•■ lt>« tm>l!*f Ut^lrf <lil 

It ••> ha|i|en>. If>«eirer. that I am ofvo ,,| « •trv*I! mn 
lUntiata oho h"M thn lr<i«ti«» In '|l>o«{l"<i !'• •• a 
Ithoii^'h. ill ita pfoMttit lofin, i.«rti|4, a,,fk ol XHi,\k , af 
from ahtriiis tlm «tn<ta ol l>r K-art^t^lm ■■n itie wihjact 
.><nn|l iiii|>lii«, I ,|iir,<r Iroin U>at aulhucity <- •■' ■ 
nirnry •inuln |«iint tlmt haa tvon fSiM>l. 

My opinion a* tn tlto aiitlM.iili. lly nf t)>« trr«ti». 
no ;;r«>at »ali|n, hut aiiMHi .Mr Himll haa l)w,u.-ht It • 
to quoin inn in hia lionk a* aa aiitlKirity fxi the au).^ < 
thia opixirtnnity ..f atatin.; that my o|,tiii..ii |. n\ f 
ri'proaniita it t" >»' in the |wMa*(;n I ham i<itr*.(<>l ab.o 
add that thoa.' nho am iiit.rnat.'.l in ll.x mtlt'r aiil A|» 
ahlci niid thoroii^'h diaciiaaion ..) iJw. wholr i)ii«-«ti' fi ;n tl> 
volllliin of I>r. M'-'rn'a ■■ SliHlina in U»ttU'," |iub:iatt« 
liny* iiKO liy thn rUrmidon Pn-aa. 

I am, .*iir,y..ura failiilully, 

VMiKT TOV> 

I>orniy SVoi»l, llumhain, Hii. ka 

PERPETUAL COPYRIGHT. 

Til niK KiiiroR 

sir. Ill your lenuirka ..n thaa. t:oii •• «"»rnt»iIoii 
<;ill" yoii aay that "thn ropyright in thn lUfiarvl Vi 
|ier|><'tual laa-uii.'n it hapl«iui to !»' th.' |<^o|>nrty of thn I'l 
of Oxfonl." I think thia ia a miaap|iri-hntiaion, aa thn O 
.\i-t '.f 177.'i [ l.'i <;«><.. Ill , cap. .VI •'ii.i.'ta ttiat certain I'ni 
ajid collngna shall hav.. |wr]>etU4l right to print at|r-h 1 
have lw"n or •hull b»' " ><fi<ir,\tl\'-l .<r ii(A<rn-i.v /mia to 
or in truat for the s«id rnivnraitina." Ac. 

Aa tho two I'niverailii'a (mhI a i-^inaidvraMe sun: 
Itoriaera for thnir trannlation, it don« not api«er that t' 
ri^dit will laat longer titan that of any |>rirat<' Tersi,,n. 

.\t tho time of the Kn|>.>rt -f thn R. y»l Cnmraiwion 
rifhl in 1878 the rnirnraity of Oxfonl P'.«mm*mI only i 
{H'tiial C'lpyrighta and the Inivnraity of Camhri'l^ oonv. 
I am, Sir, your* oUvlinntly, 
Inly X \VW. W SPKNt KR JA«K 



Huthors a^^ publisbcr 



i 



Mr. D. Murray Lyon.tiranH S'cn'tanr of tho Graivl 1 
•S'titlaml, ia engagid on a work liknly to l» of c>>nai.tnrahl<> 
not only to Kro'iniiaona hut to many otbnra. Tlie tnri-wnt. 
the conaeciitiTe minutes of tho I..«Ig.'of l^linburKh, M*ry'i 
(No. I on the roll of thn S<t>ttiah (tranl LchI£«i, haa p 
c«'Iehrati<d.and llr. Murray Lyonia pr«>|»trin(;at<>rcvatntian 
of tho hiatory of tho Lialv- Tim Niok la virtnaily a hi 
Krwmaaonry in .'votlaml. anil will contain a number of int 
I>ortiaita. The luinutee — thn oldnat inaa.'nic ininatas n-.rt 
Tni'od throw much li(;hton thn ancient luac-a of th« crt 

Mr». Craiftin is preparing a iM«|tii>l to •• The S<}i 
Saints," toU' cntithxl " R.linrt ^'*-r\\\g:v ." f,.r Mr >";•'-«» 1 



28 



LITERATURE. 



[Ju 



Mmm*. 8kmp»w Luw uw ptvmrini; a huok br Mr. mitA Mr*. 
Vmnn tta^inx oxhauativclv wtUi Burma mmI ita |wt>|>lu. It will 
b* |)lwiUfuUy iiluatralati. 

Mr. Vmhmr rii»in promiiaa a voliunr of " Motnoir* of Uie 
StdiMgr Kanuly," aTitUi*! I>y Mr. i>hili|> SiiliM>y. 

MaMrk. William* ami N<ir|:M« hava in t)u< |ir<>aa " Kiisaiaoli- 
D(«uMiac)w l\>litik uiiU>r Ali-xamlw I. urai Kriwirich Williolm 
III. bi« Ittte." by H. I'Imanti. Thin \i>liiiiia will oititain an 
a<>e<t>utit of tKa p^noikal rolalion* U-taa'-n Uii> Twr niiil the 
Kin; of Pniaaia (turinf; th« Napi>lroniv araia. 

Kuniour i» b«i«y vitli the fuUtra of I'»n-lt. Wo b«li«V(> that 
it ia iiitot«>««l to tuin /'MH.A into a tix^iaiiuy | a|wr. of abioh 
hsmour aill b» a (pacial fvaturc, tlioit^h narioua crilicimn of Ufa 
«UI cr>atiiiu» to Iw inclu<l<<<l in it* pap-a. 

A n>t«tint of iiul'».-ril»ni t" tl-a fund for th«« pro|»>»n<l High- 
latx) nx^tonai to tbo lat» .Ixhn Stuart HUrkio waa hfhl in tho 
t%ltu' cUa»-r«»iiii of Kilinl>un;h I'nivaraity on Tufmlay afti moon 
U< n>n'i<W K* to thf a|v|>li«ation »f thi' fun<l. Shvrilf .Kn<-aa 
MackaT icoaiilMl. It aptMiar* that tliu total auin raiiiml in i'«i5.), 
ami it Wa broil ra*>>l\e<l to apuly it in audi a way aa, it i*bo|)e(l, 
will balji to vn>.x>uragi- tlia vttttiy of (iin-lic. A ]«-!»• of aliuut 1*00 



will be awanlad trii'iini^illv t i.iM.' :> pruiniM 

to aponil a abort tiiiia in V'alaa, Irvlam), or » 
tini'ntjil Univoraitia* for tlia piir|>oaa of • 
kiiuwla<l){u of St-ottiili (iaoliu. 

With rt.fprvnce to " Th«. Trial of Chriat," ' 
Inn<Mi, which wa ruview ulaowhuro, the autfa 
lett<<r from Mr. Holmnn Hunt in which he say 
brinKinc out, iia only a )>n>foun>l lawwr couh 
i-alin unflinchini; of thia Conquoror wlion brou 
i« a liift which iaof inipi-rishahla ralua t4> me. 
OcNi|n| I liMilc u|>OM vtiry inuoh aa I aliouhl 
I/oonanlo Da Vinci, which iba theoriita wi>n> w 
prove uouM not be nuthmitic, but which liail tli 
of hill h.tixl u|>un it and nu uthor hand." 

Mr. H. H. Vogel, tht< ii«wly-appoiut«(t odi 
in thi' oliloat »on of the late Premier of Ne» 
aomn time paat haa acttxt iu> e:litor of the Roya 
ita foiindi-r, Mr. Putcr Keury. 

The (lerformano)' by the KliKaliethiin Stai 
Inilian play .S(iltM»i(<i/<i, which wo inadvertent 
week »a fixed for Monday, .luiiu 'M, took pluc 
S.>ciety'a (Jarxlcna lii»t Monday. 



LIST OF NEW BOOKS AND REPRINTS. 



Sir 



ARCHiCOUOOY. 

Tha Annual of the BHUsh 

Sobool at Athena. .V<>. IV. 

h«-~i«n Iff K l'>i ' Tiin.. Iti po. 

U>t>d<>n. I'ec M.%. iiilUn. T<.U. • 

Dasai^jptlva Llat of Syrlao 

and KarahunI MSS. In tho 

BHtlah Huaoum. I<< '■ Var 

t»mth. lu.Kiu.. M piv Lmidou, 

Tbc Urltuii Miueum. 

ART. 

0«ma rw>ni the Oallariaa. 

iT«i. U«Ucr>i. fA. I>) /...mtl C«'l. 

»J»,.V. Kt'&tln If I'l". l.on<l<.M. 

Um. Krrr «L Spntti.woodc Sd. 

MOORAPHY. 

n«V<MBllyr.t William Pann. 

fc Htwat^l ^' . lu>S4ln.. 

Sfepfi. Ijj' 

li. ..i:.r l.V n. 
Chonna and HIa Pplanda, i 

Hindu and ChrlatUtn. H>' . 
. t-J^r » /x"-i«. ;i>Mn.. U\ pa. 

I>u!i.t..i.. f«BL ILT..S. U.td. , 

KDUCATIONAU 
Pronch Phonoirraphy. An ' 
. AdAt'liAlMmof l*iuu.tii . >norfhjUMl. 
Bt T.A. Hr„l. Sn\ tut. tit . «ln.. 
tf pp. IxMxIoa. MB. PItmaa. I«. ' 
ItSJlMB Satf'Tausht. Br C. A. 
ffttea. K.lt.O..S. . I ' Uln.. M! pp. i 
am. iUAboraugh. I«. I 
Vooabulaptas for 

Br I'trlor Spirrm. 
; > Oia.. m pp. Lnodao. UW. 

Mmpkin Man-hall. I*. M. 
PtMattMU PlWBOil Pi llliai . Fnr 
Keliaala. »r. Bj- I'lrfor Spirr: 
7t«Mn.. IM pp. Ixiixlon. inl I 

:>.iu:.k.Hi \!nr-li«ll. 2". 
PICTION. j 

Tha Costom of tha Coaatry. I 
Bt J/r.. //.</* yr„^r. B.Mn.. 
Ml pp. Uimloii. Itu. I 

Huirhlnooti. fW. 
tlr%, Jim Barttap and Pimaw 
•r Juna. M> r. yrUtrrMomtamfik. I 
S>MI-'> . *>■ IT IxfMlon. imu. < 

( hapnia/i«: Hall. (a. j 
TIM PotUo Papara. Br -titMHt , 
t^tf.' With ><knHM^ br t..lUrea ' 
UUL Ti'Mn.. UB pp. London. I 
tarn. (irmilfiK. ta. Od. 

TiMTvaall ar Ittm Ooi<toa«kw«. I 
Mr J Ti'Mn.. ' 

mr. miiUn.a.. 

..oman. Br 

- :-ik. Ixmdon. 
■■I '-in. ^Arl. 

HmpT* Daalra. Hr lamUt 

lirmaui^Ham4u. :i . ijin.. ss» pp. 



^tn^ 



•tonr at Ha«t«p 



_. da Badoulna. By 

MtT'iim iinrm. ;t > 4|iii.. aa pp. 

_ J«arl». I8W. ( almann Idi-ry. l-'r.a.M. 
L'tpp^mlaslltla. Br huf. .V.irfm 

I'tdMiii. :t ^lilii.. 311 pp. I'iiri>. 

IWB. rion. Kr.l.Vi. 

L'Amoupausa da Hoxart. Br 

f^mrois lit .Won. 'i » 4|ln., SS pp. 

Part^llW. 

EdltionadclaUcviicBlanrhc. Kr^SU 
La Patiw*. ftv J. H. Hofmy. Ti x 

<tln . »t pp. l-nri". IM«. 

Uiliuti-iti- la Urvue llliuii'hc. Fr J.i(i 
HISTORY. 
Tba Paaaanf ' War In 0«i>- 

many. liiv i.'.ii. liv K Hrl/ori 

/lax. (S4kA4Iii.. .«: pp. Ix>n<lon. 

um. t<oiin''n-.i:lielii. Hi.. 

SIdallf hta on Amarloan His- 
tory. Br Hrmry II'. KImoh, 7x 

Mo.. 3M pp. London. IKU 

.Mnt'inlUan. Sa. U. 
Bonaparte at las Bourbons. 

ItclaltiHi.. S<'<-nte* (h*« .ViCi'nl* <U' 

l>imih X VIII. a I'aHx MiUH li* f<m- 

Hiilal. Kd. br t'omtt Jiemacir. 

9xi)ln.. IT! pp. I>Hrif. IffiB. 

Plofi. Fr.7J0. 
Louta XV.IntlmaatlaoPatttas 

Maltraaaea. With l'arimit'<. 

H> I innr< i-'Uury. tt A jtin.. 3KS pp. 

IMn-. IWi. n<,ii. Kr.8. 

Tha Crasadao. (The Pton of iho 

.Niili.Mi-^l II) T. A. Arrher and 

«•. /- Kina>/orH. 2nd Kd. SxSiln.. 

xxx.rt<n pp. Ijundiin. IMM. 

fnwin. S«. ii. 
LITERARY. 
Tha Sa^a of Kln^ Svarpl of 

Ifor«ray. 'I niM-7iit<tl In J. 

Srphlon. 8J • "In.. x«x. + 2SS pp. 

Loodon. MBtl. .\iitU lia. n. 

John MUton. A Short Wudr of 

hi. Ijfc and Work.. By II . /'. 

Trml. T'iln.. sr" pp. London, 

MWl Mnciniilan. 3.. Hd. 

Paptars d'Autpafola. Br i;iui 

cl Vidur (ilarhtlnt. Wit h rn'frt«<3 

liy Ktnll<- KjucuoI. TJ • llln.. 31! pp. 

i'aiia. !■««. )la<-hrii4-. Kr.3.JU. 

MILITARY. 
L<a Ouerro da Sept Ana. Hl« 

tuin- IHploniitiutio cl Million.'. 

I*ar H^rKiirfl n'addinotoH. I*a 

«u.. :4» pp. I'ari.. |H(«i. 

Kiniiin IHdoU 
MISCELLANEOUS. 
A Now Knvllsh Dlatlonapy. 

Vol. V. lloriMntality-IIrnii.'. K<i. 

br/T. J. A. H. Mumy. ISJxIlln.. 

Olf'inl.lW«. <'larmdi>n l*rr«.. 4-. 
Annual Report of the Weat 

Ham Public Llbrnplaa for 

18BS-B. I»t • .^iiii.. Stfut. .sintlfurd. 



Analyse da I'KnquAta. (Aflhlra 

I»rfvf\i« I Bv Vrr, <luu»t. Ti-'^lln.. 

SSK pp. ISirt». IIUU. Slock. Kr.TJW. 
Laa Minutes Parlalannas. 

3 Hoiiro.. Br Uon .MUlol. (Utiin.. 

lii.'i pp. I'liri... IKIU. UUcndorir. Yr.t 
Noa Aotrloas. By ra/tpirtto. 

I'refac)' by .Mnrccl IVovoat. Albuiu. 

KlxUiii. i>nni>. 1H». 

Beviic Blnncho. Fr.7. 

PAMPHLETS. 

Chupoh Courts. Ky the lea. W. 
Marltoniilil S ii.hur. Hit. 

.Stock. U. 
POETRY. 

In This Our World. ByCA<irfort« 
I'.Strtson. TxlilD., 2i;pp. Lon- 
don. u»i. I>utnamii. Sa. 

In Blaofc and Bad. Caabiidae 
Vorwa and tichool SonKH. Bjr K. 
8har>rood Smith. 7) v llln.. 13 pp. 
London. IMR. AndrowK. la. 

Prom Drsamland Sent. By 
Litinn li'httlntj. Txl^in.. Ilff pp. 
London. IIOM. .■<HmpM>n Low. 

Fopsst Notaa. By Kuurne and 
Annie I,rt-Hnmillon. ix4iin., 
W pp. London. ItUH. 

Omni Itichnrd". .V. Gd. n. 

Sonars to M arris. Br Ifownl 
M. Jenkhv.. 10 ^6^i\\.. -m pp. Lon- 
don. IMI. (i.iv A: Hlnl. V. Bl. 

The Vine Dresser. By T. .Sltiri/r 
Mimrt. 8J»lin.. W pii. I/ondnn, 
Ifr.i. The Iniciirn I'rci--. (kl. 

RubAlyAtofOmar KhayyAm. 
TraiiHlniod hyt'jdtrarH FUziJrraiii. 
Willi Preface by .Nallmn IliiHkiUl 
Dole. A<(31n.. 30 pp. Portland. 
Maine. I8W. Sloabcr. 

REPRINTS. 
The W^orks of Lord Byron. 

l^-INT* iind JoiirrniN. Vol. III. 
VA. Iiv It. K I'ruthrro. M..\. Si x 
Aiin., 4^1 pp. lionilon. IWf.i. 

Murray. 6»*. 

Tlie Works of Shakaspearo. 
(Kvin.l.v K..I.. Vol. VI.i Kd. by 
<•. //. firrjorti. Lltt.l). TJxillU. 
Sl.'i pp. I»ndi)n. ISW. .Maciiilllnn. .V. 

Count Robert of Parlsund Tho 

Suriraon'a Daucrhtor, By .Sir 

lliill.r .Sr„tt, Hi. (Border Ed.) 

8A6iin.. xli. ^854 pp. I>ondon. IHW. 

Niiuiuo. 3a. ad. 

Tho Consplrao^ of Pontlao, 
and the Indian \\ nr after the Con- 
(iiifMl of ('AiiiMln. Bv AVanria 
Pitrkman. 2 vuIk. SlxMlii.. xxi.-e 
3«1 + 484 pp. London. ISUil. 

Mncmlllan. I'm, n. 

AClirarotts Maker's Romanoo 



Natural Sclon< 
xtiL-t-ISapp. 

SOCI 

OutllneorPn 
By K. I.>. M'ri 
XX \. +4.11 pp. 



u» ^' 1# / -.w. .m/« 



iUA i^...-l« 



TransI 

PouvoUs By 

917 pp. 
L'Amour LI 

.l«»<Tf.-lx4Jlii 

81 
Criokot Reo< 



head. 



7|x6in 

THE 

and 

«. .V,i 

I Kin. 



Btbloa 

//cnri/ 
I«olidol 

Soolal Wopa 
lastlns N»< 
Vlifford. 64 « 
don. IDHk Ji 

Wayslds An 
Sennona. lt\ 

eixi^iii., U4pi 

TOPOC 
Calendar of 
the City of 

IVHik A. ILT.VIS 
H. .SliiiriK, Il.( 
l/inilon. lieiil. 
< 'ily of Ix)iidor 
The Now 7 
Municipal 
Colohostois 

ridijf jiikI II'. J 
32 pp. I tilrhc. 
Till' Kt-M-x I < 
Blaok'a Ould 
VA. by A. H. 
Min.. 231 pp. I 

Travollors* C 
Oulde. .'>i > 4 
IMP. Pull Mill 
uiirdiiiM ( o. 

The Eastern 
roiiKli (iiiide 
llVir./. .MA. 
Uindon. IKIIU. 

Plotupoaqus : 
Kntharinr F. 
137 pp. ICdinbi 

TRJ 
Toro. Vi-ii 

" .Mountains of 



pCitciaturc 



Edlt«d by ^. 9. (Traill. 



PubilahMl by Zhf 7illU5. 



No. »1. HATUIIDAY. J I I A' i:., I«U». 



CONTIINTS. 



rutu 
I^eadlnir Article Tlx- Kutliioux <ir i)i<- lt<M>k'<inll 'JU 

" Amons my Books," I ly Mr. Midi.ti-I Mai-liiiiiiiKl> !•' 

Poem-" l)ialh,' l.y Ml. Uinlulf U.«ii.r W 

"Aa Inoonvenlenoe of Habit." Iiy Mr. A. K. \V. 

.Mii.ioii 43 

The SymboUam of the Unalffhtly, l>y MiM Kthrl 

Wh.Ti.T :<i 

Revlewa - 

Till- Mix HyxttMil!. of tiiiliiili Phil.wuphy .. .SI 

KiiKfiiii ill AhIu 'C! 

Thf Mi-arl of AhU 'ti 

Til.' niil.».<.iilii..ilThi'<)iy <if th.'.SUti. M 

Htii<li<>s ill Diuitc IH 

.\ .SttliM'tioii fit>iii thi» PiM'ti-y i>f .Sjiiiiiii>l Daniel uml 

MichiM"! l)i-Hyt«ii *'> 

Kxlrikct.'* froiii till- Diury uiul AiitoliioKnt|iliy of tin- 

Kcv. Jiimi'.s Cli'HK ;•' 

HuMii Mur rHistoirc ilii .In|Mm •'«• 

The Hfit'foitl Kjti'thiiiiiik)- ■f! 

Tilt' Voyiigi'M of tlir Hliitlirl-s /<'Ilo 'H 

Timniiin's Joiiiiml of Ills Di.siovi-rii's rW 

I'hiloloKy- 

Thc Irfiw o( Thurncjruoii and llavol Tlu' (lii»l o( tly . '.t> 

Othap N«w Books— 

Mury. ym'on of S<ol» I"o|><) lint XIII.— ."^ludliw In KoreiKii Utxra. 
turt' Till' Iloolltfiui N'IkIiI" Tlir Korimiiii- of AtHlmhun Kt 
plonklloti -The Aniiiiiil of tli<' Hrlll«li .-Vliool nl .Vtlipix Tho 
S'atiiml Klnlor; of llii' MimUul llow CiiriiMltir- of I.IkIiI ami 
SlKht -lU'nilni-KTii.r- of 11 Pniffwlonnl I'olltl.inii The Krlll-h 
Wiut Iiullen aiKl llic SiiKiir liiitii>.lrr -.\u»lriiliaii .*<k«U'h<»<. 
MndoonToiir Mixlurii ('hu~< I'rluiur IioiiiIiumm uml Druuifhto 

K). II. 12 
PloUon— 

Till- Muik.'t I'luc- SI 

OrionlaMoii-t Willow iho KIntt- Hunger -SluviM of Chniir* 
KIpliiiK ItepHiilH Si, .V4 

American Letter, l>y .Mr. W. I). Howfll.-* .K) 

Obituary .Mr. lUch.irtl t'oiiKri-vo - .M. .Marty-Ijivi-aux il 
Copp«apond«no«-"(^uitwtiodo .\qu» et Tomi" iMr. K. J. .'<nl<lll■ 
Notes :«). 31, 47, w. in. :*) 

Authors and Publishers m. m 

Ust of New Books and Reprints .'><l 



THE FASHIONS OF THE BOOKSTALL. 



Haheiit mm fata liMli. Of the Iwok.-* iiul)li>lie<l to- 
day; or any other day, some nn» destined to he otTered for 
sale on tlie railway bookstalls, and sonie are not. .Men of 
wisdom and e.xjierience are, no doubt, at this very hour, 
sitting in their jtalatinl ofHoes, listenini; to the repn'- 
sentntions — or misrepresentations — of iinjKirtunate town 
travellers, and separating the sheep from the goats with 
the rapidity of genius. To a certain e.xtent, one supi>ose<. 
their decisions are determined by the intrinsic merits of 



.1 r 



traiiattury buthuiti. A InmI txjxk, |><>t up •ith • 
mi|M^-t for the I'lmvpiitioiia of tli<* h«ur. It Uf tiutf 
to Im< pri-*aml u|<<>n the travrllrr'* ■lt<<<itMfi tli«it 
t)<M>k drrpsrd III tUf faJihion of thr- m-iwioii I'^Uif l«« 
tlip fanhtoii (-han(;p« no Ira* '{uU-klr ttian •!•> ihr t 
in nkirtn, and aler^ni, and liat«. It Um», in (*i-t, c 
iimny time* within thr iii«'inory of tin* youn|{™t uf 

A retro«|>«*ctiv«' «nr\py of the ra**- tirr<i tj«» 1 
further thnnthc familiar " jrrllow iMt-k." It •«• a ! 
which had lM>th itx ml\nnta(;r» and it* drn«)<t< k*. 
Heldoiii gut into " vrllow-lxu-k " furuuil Ulilr** it lia<i 
inad)> a reputation uf nome M>rl in a l>Kt<T htruutl.i 
at any rate, tlien* wa* no |i-«p in the iLirk in\<i 
buying it. lint it jooki-d ugly in a lnwki-aM* ; il 
pii-cejt i>a.tily ; it hardly M^fiif"! worth ihr romirr c 
for it ; and il did not prnvidi- for tin- r^piifni' 
traveller)* uho wantc<l tu r<-a<l M>u)i-thing that wa* 
gixni and new. It wan iiuc»T«"«lnl by the fa«lii<>r 
shilling shocker, inaiiguratol by thr wondi*r(ul \»>\ 
of "('alU*<l Hack," and kept alivr by th<' n{ually wo 
poi>iilarity of " The .Mystery of a liancom i'mXt.' 
fiwhion jH-rishtMl for two rea^onji — tirit, Ii^i-au**" i 
forth a < rowd of iuiitat[on.«, which, without b^iDg 
sense literary, were lacking even in the |i(H-ult«r un 
(jualitien which iiiaile the vogue of ttte hoo 
mentioned ; secondly, l)ecaiMe, owing to th»« 
slinbbiness of the make up, the honk*, at th* eixl 
railway journey, wen* ni> long«'r Iwokii but only k 
waste |>a|>er. Then followed the faiihit>n be*t excr 
by the " I'seudonyro," " Antonym," and "Acme" I.i 
The.ne, at l>>a.'l, were cheap liooks that lonknl we 
worth keeping, and woulil otand r)>a«oiial>l<> we»r. 
also, at first and for M)me time, wen* liooki> which g- 
struck the note of literary di.*tinction. <ro«i| work I 
writers as ".John Olivi-r llol>l>e*," Mr. «ioi>rj{»> i 
.Mr. Frankfort .Moore, .Mr. Percy White. an<i .Mi» 
."^cllr^•iner apjieariHl in them. They appra«<-lied n< 
the ivieal than any other Imokntall lMok.« of our 
tion ; but two caa«es i-ombined to bring tlH>m 
untimely end. 

In the fin*t place their literary iptality drter 
The earlier volumes were mo«tly th»« work of young 
gla»l of the chance of showing what they i-«>uld 
con.-tiiuently careful to do their Nery bt^^-t. Ijit«>r c 
incursion of the "old gang," scenting |i«>'!>ibilit»e» 
tx)iling. Their \iUfk of a volume of lhi« kmd w 
thing to lie •• knockeii off" in a hurry : or of a cK 



30 



LITERATURE. 



[July 



thfrc wju( "no nx>in on tlit« lKM>k<>t«lli' " for the fl«^nt 
hooklH, «ii>rption only U«ini: nuule — for whatever reai«on 
— in faxour of \oluines with wide niar^iin* nnd Inrfje t_v|iein 
which I'crtain |>rivile|;eil younj; writ«T» »kiiiuii«l airily over 
th«* !'urfa<.*e of moral au«i in«-ta|ihyiii(-al aflaini. In (luecourx**, 
however, even tliew* earnent |uiin))lilete«-n< wore out their 
welcome; and now the iiix|M*nny reprint hohln the field — 
noon to l»e ou«ted from it, if we may l»eliev«' all we hear, 
by the new novel publi»he<l at the same ridiculous j>ric«>. 
It in womlerful value for the money, hut it fiiiln to stir uh 
to enthuiiiai>m. No literary nian can f«"el uynij>athy with 
rlw«j> etiition* no pot up that he can tear out a jMipe to 
u*e an a jiijx— lipht without fi-elinj; that he ha»i l>e<'n Ruilty 
of any act of t<acril«'f^>. 

What i<« to lie tlone to raise the standard of the lxK>k- 
*t«!l hook? The mere fact that the fashion is always 
changine pives pnnind for ho|ie that a supijestion for a 
new departure will l^e fiivourably considered by those 
whom it concern* ; and it seems to us that there 
really is a ileinand — extensive enough to W worth 
mpplying — for a bookstall IxKjk which shall be a good 
de*l cheaper than the six-«hillinp novel, short enough 
to be read through in the course of a reasonable 
railway journey, well enough printed and bound to l>e 
worth keeping afler the journey is over, and sedulously 
kept up to a high level of literary excellence — a book, in 
short, which shall exhibit the cjualities shown by the 
** Paeudonyms ** in the days before the " rot " cet in. The 
difficulty is. in the first place, to get a book of this sort 
oD to the stalls, and in the second place to prevent it, when 
it in there, from being discreiiited by the unconscionable 
ebnllitioni of the pot-boiler. How are these difficulties 
to be surmounted? Authors and publishers are equally 
helpless in the matter; in the first place they cannot con- 
trol the bookstalls, and in the second place they cannot 
control each other's enteqmses. But the proprietors of the 
bookrtAlIs themselves, in virtue of the mono])olie8 which 
they enjoy. Iiave here a great opportunity, if only they 
would avail themselves of it, of rendering literature a 
ii^nice. .\ll that they would have to do would be to make 
up their minds that a certain amount of bookstall space 
hhonld always be devotetl to cheaj) new books of the sort 
tliat an educated man would like to read and a man of 
lestbetic taste would be pleased to see on his shelves, and 
U» Bfipoiut a comfietent editor of their own to see to it that 
DO rubbish obtained admission to this "grand stand," as 
ooe might call it, under false j)retences. Such nn editor 
should be a man whose literary judgment and incorrupt- 
ibilitj were e<{ually above susjiicion — a man of the game 
stamp a* the editors of our best reviews and magazines 
and he should he given ab»olutely autocratic jjowcrs. To 
the moat {wpular author he should he em])owered to sav. 



■rv. ** TKi« KtfwiL WBfi < maf1<] 



J) ' i;i,„ 



means a railway library might be produced 
not only start with a note of distinction, bi 
it ; and we fail to s***- how the result could h 
any other means. The exiierinient seems 
Though the scheme has, at the first blush, 
the air of a ]ihilanthropic enterjirise, it Wf 
like a goo«l many other jjhilnntiiropic ent« 
satisfactory clividend. 



The *• multijile reviewing" controvert^ 
and a controversy on the kindred subject 
of reviews threatens to grow out of it. T 
to Ik- said on lH>th sides ; but there are two 
favour of the unsigned review which do not i 
the iitt«'ntion they deserve. One is that a go 
not n^iuire tlif supjiort of a well-known nni 
weight. It carries its own authority by 
knowle<lge shown and the orderly ni 
arguments ; and the readers to whom it is 
easily tell, from internal evidence, whether 
knows what he is talking about or not. 
argument is that anonymous reviewing n: 
whole, for i)eace and (piietness. If an i 
knew who was res|ionsible for every criticisi 
literary <iuarrels would l>e more numerous t 
and — as the sjune men are often authors ni 
— there would be a danger of criticism, in 
cases, resolving itself into the ]>aying off of c 

In the Author Mr. Kipling jmblishes 
planation of the grounds of his coinpIaint*a 
Putnam's Sons, who bought up sheets of his 
put them into a " harmonious binding," ad 
and some " good anecdotes " about the ai 
made up the " Brush woo<l Edition" of his wr 
have made me," says Mr. Kipling, " resjwn 
public, to whom I do particularly owe my t 
lionest work, for an egregious, ]iadded fake.' 
still landing, and we exi)res8 no opinion on 
complicated by the admitte<l fact that it was 
agents who sold the sheets to Messrs. I'utmi 
these agents cannot have imagined that t! 
wanted the sheets to wrap up parcels in. 



In the CornJiill Magazine, Mr. Ste 
discusses the heroines of our early works < 
frankly votes them intolerable, by reason i 
and fainting fits. They certainly would 
if they could be brought to life again, an 
young women whom we encounter in Miss i 
would have a bad time of it at a modern hig 
an International Congress of Women. ^'< 
(juestion whether the *' neurosis " which if 
substitute for " sensibility " in the heroine 
novelists is an entirely satisfactory substitute 
of them would Ik> quite as bad to live wit 
other reasons, as Fanny in "Mansfield Park 
it lie forgotten that " sensibility " has liei 



^«;ku 



:«i, I. 



July 15, 1899.] 



LITKKATLHE. 



tlin two count rif*. Tin- Kn-iuli nw iimatialtli- rfmlir* of 
journiilH, ^ooil or tmil. if tli«< L-iiltun- of n iinti'>ii ii to Iw 
f{iiut;tMl hy 111"' iiniotiiit it rfmU, l{u<i>iit it n Ion;; wny in 
tli»« n'Hr of otlit-r l'iuro|M-iin loiintrir*. 'IVn iii-tt>|iA|MT« to 
a niillion ri'iultTx Ih n Kitmll nllowiui.f ; iti |iri*|><irtiun to 
itn |Mi|iiilatioti even Hiili;nriii Inn- inon-. Th'* i-<litioi)« of 
Iffiiliii)^ joiirnikl!* niri-ly ixdi-fil, in Itutiin, 1ii,(hmi i-i)|iira. 
'riit< iI'Mirth of n)*w.'i|>a|><T liliTiitiin- i» not roitntcr- 
l)uliini't>(l liy a Miiiiliit of iMMik-. 'I'Im. |{ti«*iati |iut>l|i<liini; 
liousi'M all' tlit> ino«t <'on^iT\ativf in l'*.iiro|«', nml wouM 
iklwayi latlit-r ri-prinl oM faxoiiriti-i o\«t nml o\«*r ni;ain 
than niH-«>|>t nt'w uorkn. 'I'ln- y«-ar that thi« ri>|>vrii;ht of 
I'ushkinV work;" fxpiri'il Kio ditV-nMit i-ilitioiii. of thi in 
wore i.-sui'(t. '\'\if liook- of fiiri'ii^ii aiitlior" fi'«|»*fiHllv of 
Zoln anil Jiih's Ncrnt-J an- lari,'fly ciri-iiliitcil. Ix-ratiM- lh<-y 
can lit* i;ot wilhoiil |>ayin<; any iionoraniini. In the 
whole \a.it iloniinion" of the 'f.^nr then* nri' only l,:t*Hi 
booksellers, unil h lari,'*' niunlw-r of tht>n> arc nicr«»lv 
jiaiicrnlioiis. Of Icmlin^' libraries there are aUmt t»iK», 
against Sttcden'i* ami Swit/erlanil".- li.ooo. 

NN'e |ilil)lishe(l la.^t week a |i:ira:,'nt|>h as to the ftltiire 
of I'liDcli, in which we Mild thiit we lM'|ie\cil it wa" 
intcmled to turn I'liucli into a .•■ix]wnny |ia|ier. Mr. 
H. \V. I-tU'V, referring; to our |iarai;raiih in the Ihiili/ 
NeiVH of July H, niakcH an intereslini; .>tatcinent a- to the 
future plans of the ptojirielors of our Icadin^j comic 
jounnil. lie .says : — 

At the 1 e^innilit; nf the Ntiw Veur I'mfli will. niil.-O'l, ii|'|»'«r 
in ci>i))iiiI<'ra)My enliu^'ixl t'Mrin, lint th.-ru ik tii> intintlini ol 
rnising tlic price. The ilooi.tinu to alter tlio air mgeineiitu ..f tlio 
]>atM<r, Ion;; pondinp, linn been nrriveil nt nminly ">n tuo ron- 
aiiierutioiiH. In the iir!it plitre, it i-> tnlt tloirable (o | rovi<l« 
fiillor mar;;e for the |>r(»Uirtion of ilrtiwiii;'s. In tlie new iw-ieii, 
commencing with the lir.tt week of the New Veiir, tin- onurnvinnii 
will I'O nnicli nenrer tlio si/.e of tlie iirtistn' work. Aieller 
nrcent ni>e<l is ti> nllot nmre re.itn for nilvertinenients, winch iiri. 
Imliitimllv crowded nnt for wn-it of npuce. Koyond incren-inl 
»ho the only ap-ciiil feature will U- the intr.ihictiini of n short 
story, to he com|il<te in one niimlx-r. One or two of the m.ist 
successful novelists of tlio day have iiheaily l>»M>n enj-a;;!"! to 
provide tho feuilletons. 

The de<'ision of the proprietors not to raise the pric-e will 
certainly he satisfactory to the piihlic ; and we mav also 
rea.ssure them by statin:;; that I)oy|e's frontispieie will 
kee]) its place. .\s to numlH-r ol pajjes. the new I'linr/i 
will be of the .same si/e as I'uiich'ii Christmas numl>er. 



IRevtews. 



The Six Systems of Indian Philosophy. Hv the 
Rt. Hon. F. Max MuUer. K.M. s; s.'.in.. xwi. tits pp. 
L«)ntlon, iStl). Longmans. 18 • 

Professor Max .Miilier ha.s uiidtMihtediy «'arned the 
title of the " ijranil old man " of Oriental studies. At the 
age of 70 be has iirixiuced a massive volume on one of the 
most ab-struse subject, s connected with Indian scholarship, 
from wbioli the (le<;enerate youth of our universities, bow- 
ever industrious and /eiilous, inii;bt well stlirink l>ack 
dismayed. It is true that the work is collected from notes 



linptilx' Ui a •tudy of Mliich • " t>t{;h auUe>fil 
■tntrKl, wtlti hi* intnnablr ctirfntiir.**, (Iwtl il !>•« 
to \f the liohliy of a few, but l>a« l«r>fxriti<< • tu 
inlr-re^i In the wIioIp nation. We i»rr»l ••ti/<«'I* i 

thia authonty l* tlir |>rrM-|it \ IvtnV o( ilulu, 
doubtlea* by till' tlltir> nildrfl .Satiakflt •ml • CI 
kno«|r<l;;e of ihf \'e<|;intA |ihd'M<tphv to ht> Otltrt 

pliahineitts. I.<>fd I uf/on ma» ji«-ffe.<ly ri;;!.!. 

Ioniser l(.>««|iile for the atUilcIlt of phlloMiptiy I.. 
lltniaeU l<i Kur'i|iraii a^atrllis ; lin tnU't l«kr rxuii 

profound a|>rN'uUtioria of Iniluin ni'Hitpliyau-.aiia, it 
.**cho|i«'nhnner found " lli«* a«»la«-»« of hia lifi-," and )i 

lill'l "the aohicf of hi* ditllli," " If hllh«-:t'>," 

Max .Nlnller, •' no oro- woiihl hn.e i-al!>«l iiiin*" 
■oph'T who had not read mid •didl*''! t!.<> aorka ■ 
and .\ti«lo(le, of |»... t°art«-a and .*»|iino/ji. of I^-k"-, 
and Knnt in the oritjinal, I hois' that lli<' lim*' «i 
when no one will < Uim that iiane- »lio ia no*. a< ^ 
at lea«t with the two pn>iiiiiient •y<t-nia of an< I'-nt 

lihiloxiphv, tie- V edmit » iind thf .•VimkhMI." N\ 
not iti.sisl ofi the original t«-xt« in tl.i» ••«•••. Ie;t 
translation'- in th«- " .'^mn-^j H.ii.k«. ' and now bv t! 
prehensixe treatio- tlie ln»rn«il I'rofnwof l.a* I'foU 
subject Wfll within the reach r>f tll»M- «liO II 

.•^aii'krit. 

The more one reads .Mr. Mn\ Mullrr ll 
beci lines one's ail In '.ration of hi* |>o«erof lucid and a! 

eX|Hi>ition. I'.'iiple iiiiiy pick hole, in hia philoio-, 
cule hi'< theory of mytholojjy, and iiinr\pl at t 
in which, after all these ye.ir» of criti<'i*ma, hn 
ilooo,Ml|y to bis i;uns : but we never ht-nr I any on«» «i 
that the I'rofe..«or did not know how to linmllr a 
so a.s to make it |>«Tfectly <'lear and plain. \> 
<|Ue>tion his fact.-, deny his |ae>tuhkt«'y, o!ije» f 
inetliiMl — but vou mii-t allow that he ex|ir>und* hi« 
with the -kill and chnrin of a in.i.-t'-r artj«t. 
pre.sent work, the well-known lucidity, the ^f.. 
style, the ;;rnsp and Kroupinjj of detail-, nnd the 
of treatment remain iinchanf;i'<I. iinwither.-! I 
unstaled by cii-toni. It is delightful to fin<i 
enthusi.'i.-m, the true -cleilar's zeal and •ymjutt 

burnini; briobtly in deliani f the inevitable nn 

life'* enerjjier' and the pretailinj; |H>«-imi»tic t^'ode 
the day. There is ]ilenty of fi|»ht in the oM Ii 
and he lulmini-ters many a half-playful thni-t 
anthnijioloi^ical adver-ariej", and the "obMTver-. •■> 
and analy-ers " who claim the name of phili)»<)ph<-i 
holds to Ids old views, but he d">P« not reftja^ to m. 
objections. The l>ook is full of evidence* "f r—'^n 
of the latest (tertnan re!w»an-lie«. 

It is diflicult. ill a work of -luli dimen-ton- em 
prncticallv the whole of Indian phil'xophv. to fit 
s|MHial jHirtion for crilii ism. Tiie larger |>art of th 
is neces-.'irily founde<l u|N>n thi- original text*. aO'J 
there mav \>o nxim ben- ami there for dehite o:. 
of interpretation, the main outlini-* can »«•».•■ 
di-put**)!. whilst of the able and comprehen«i*e ma 
which the difVerent systenis ar»' de>icril>eil and illi 

On tie 
.1 t]..^^ 



by ijuotatioiis there can N* no ijueytion. 
I.' I ll I,: t L.^.ti.u _.ii. 






82 



LITERATURE. 



[July 



titan Mitnf uf liu rritirsi woukl ex|Mvt, and on thr (|Ut^tion 
of tnu?rtkn>(«liun, ej/., uf the rpanixluulii, li<> fnvly alvuulons 
nmp of hitt rarlirr trannUtion* in drfen'nit' to tlit> " careful 
and brilliant " work of I'rof. lifutaen, " wlio han df vot4>d 
•o uuuiT rtVkT* to Vrdi'intii- «tuiti««, and wIioh^ mind i» »o 
ihorua|;lilT itnburd with VKdunlic idea*." Mr. Max 
Muller huniM*lf ha* a )>rofound reit|iect for that *'(»loKi(al 
and »tU]H*niiouti ftfort," the ancient Vwlanta. In an 
plwjueut |ia««a4;e he Kayo: — 

Lot o« thinV hov kannlr and diwplv Imlikn thinker* miial 
lia*«> (pit Um fU-mal ridilh* of tin* worlil U'fore thajr ooiiUi 
iwopoav •« <lT«|«<r»t«' • Milutioii a* tliat of thf VmUiiUi : how 
»l — inn at* Uivy mu>t have Uioiifrbt tlio mttlady of maiikiml to Ihi 
htlorv th»y O'UUI tiunk <>( •<> ia!ilivitl a i-iirf. A itudtMit of phiti>- 
•optiy muH lirar» himwlf to follow tliooe whom ho waiita to r»«ach 
mkI to iind<>r«taiHl. Ii« ha« U> climb lik* a iiiountaine«>r, imdia- 
maTxi bv avalanchi-a and pn>ci|iiou«. He muiit Im> abli> tt> brcaUx- 
iu thv thiuiM«t air, navcr diacotiractsi orun if anow and ic« liar 
hi« acr -aa tu th<- lii(:li««t point ovur roarlKxl by th« boldt'nt 
viplorvrs. . . I am mv»>lf not a moiintain«^*r, nor am I 

aho-^-vtWr a Ve liiiti«t ; but if I can admire th>' Uild t'limtiem 
•csllBj; Mount iiauri-Sankar. I can alto admire the Indd thiiikent 
toiling up to height* of ti>* Vitl^lnta whore tlivv aii'm loet tu lu 
in i'IoimU and nky. The VmUiita teacfie* ii8 that in tho 

hi);hi'>t M-nM> Cieition is but Self-fori;('tfidiH>as, and Ktorrinl Life 
rMnentliranrp or •'V'If'K-oiuciouiinmu. Andwhiloto ua such hifh 
abatrartion* may neem u«el<>i>* for the iiiaiiy. it is all the mort> 
•tirpriKliiK that, with tin- Hiiitliis, thv fiindnnii'iital idi-as of thv 
VtvUnta liarc ]i<Tvaili«l the whole nf thi'ir lit>Tatiire.have li-avonM) 
tbf whole of th<*ir lan^ruaco, and fonn to the prenc-nt duy the 
romnion profiertr of Uie people at larfje. 

In thill admiring and 8ym]MthetJc spirit Professor 
Max Miiiler njipnuu-hei* tlie great philosojihical sv'stems of 
ancient India, and his manner, no less than his abundant 
information and learning, must c-ommend this im]iortant 
and mo^t interehting work, not only to all students of 
philosophy, but to the large and inoreajiing number of 
reaflers who are intereste<l. houever vaguely, in the 
"eternal riddles of the world." The idea* of the Indian 
thinkers will be a revelation to those who have never 
before entere<l into their deeji coiitemjtlations. Vet, 
impn*«!e<l as he is with these tremendous speculations, 
the Professor has not forgotten his old tiriit love of the 
primitive hymns «>f the Vedas : — 

Whal«'V<.r may U> tho date of the Vedic hymn*, wliethcr 1500 
or 15,000 B.< ., they liavi- their own uniijue place, and ntjind by 
thematlTea in the literature of the world. They tell ua somethin;: 
of Uie i-arly growth of the human mind, of a'hich we can find no 
t>«ce anywhere ola*-. Wliat-rer H-iitliutic juil(;iiienta imiv Im- pro- 
mmukimI on them— and there i» certainly little of poetic Veaiity- 
in the eyiM uf the liiRtorinn ami |>«ycholi'i;ist they will always 
r»tein thfir pecnliur vnlue, far Riiperiur to the oldest chronif le«, 
far »tiperjor to Uie moiit um ient inncriptionii, for every verae — 
nay, every word in them — i» an authentic document in the history 
f>( lb<' ;;reait<nt empire, the empire of tile human mind, an estal.- 
liaked in Imlia in the Hecond milNmninm B.<'. 



THE RUSSIAN TIDZ. 



RomU in Asia.: A IttMonl and u Studr- LViR-lKpn. Ky 
AtoxlS KntlUWe. With 12 Maps. O'.'.^in.. xiv. ^ ill jiii. 
IMW. I/nniliin : Orant Richards. 26- 



Tbe Heart of Asia, 
■dward D. Rom. Ph.D. 



Ky Prancifl H. Skrine and 
With IM Illu-tnitiiinx from 



methods detextable, her aims hostile, 
alanning. He liaii no doubt whatever < 
int4*ntions : — 

The delitierationii of Riiaaian politicians art 
to tile hoixlwinkiii); of the HritiHh authorilies (|i 

The a^tpiisition of the Ameer's territory by c 
or " friendly occu|iation," haa nut only long h 
the immediate aim of KiiHsian pidicy.but hasiilr 
The H>cond comlition which Kusoiaii 
tliey will, when tlie proper time arrives, be ab 
is II general rising uf tho people of India (p. l(i:< 

Her mission, as viewtwl by those res|M>nsil 
is neither to develop territory nor to n-liii 
destiny is to use tliiit which she already poasi'si 
which further oinipiiwts are to \m> ntwie, until b; 
forward niuvoment, she finds herself in ]M>saoa8ii 
or of ChiiiH, or I'ersia, but of tho whole Asiatic 
under the military sway of iin aniiy ruloil by 
Tsar, may unce again control the destinies of th 

In exjiosition and defence of these v 
holds "without the least fear of contriulict 
who knows the facts" — Mr. Krausse gi 
account of the Russian advance, and this 
chief value of his liook, with its chronol 
apjiendices and its historical, military, and 
It is certain tiiat Central Asia is alwut 
jiroblems again to Europ»an diplomacy a 
*' KiiS'.ia in .\sia" will he found useful 
memory of the brilliant and bloody stori 
But the parti pris inevitably vitiat<»8 th 
makes him the jwlemist or the jiamphli 
.Mr. Krausse. He sees all his facts in t 
l{usso])hohia. True, he pays occasional 
civilizing influence of Hussiaon the wild ])e 
Asia, he apjilauds the many deeds of Cossai 
he admits that the Russian advance ha 
automatic. Moreover, it must be allowef 
record of slaughter, of double-denling, < 
diplomatically evaded, and treaties frank 
when presented by the coldest historian, 
little of the distrust and fear of Russia gi 
Englishmen. But Mr. Krausse spoils a g 
jirejudices. The last entry in his chrono 
marks in tlie history of Asiatic Ru.ssia" rea 
18iK). Russia attempts to obtain coaling sti 
February. Russia threatens to reopen 
and annex Sirikul, March 26. 

These statements are hanlly accurate eno 
lia|)er summary of a year's events and rum< 
marks " in a work of ])ermanent reference t 
Indeed, so remote from actuality is this In 
that Mr. Krausse even spells its name di 
t#xt and in the index — neither time in i 
the best U-nage. Again, though Penjdeh 
memorial to British statesinanshij) or ten 
account given by Mr. Krausse put* the 
much worse light than the fwts justify. H 
that the oasis was in dispute Ix-twfKin Kiig 
Afghanistan, and Russia, when the Afghan; 
occupied it, and from his account a reader 
informed, would not imagine that even 
on that occasion mmle every iireparation f< 



July 15, 1899.] 



LITEKATL'RE. 



real iMi<ii« by mere imrtiNnn rxii(»i;i«rntion. An a «-«iiilnMt, 
oomjtfirH what Mr. Ki'«'n«-, in hid '• llintory <>f lii'lm," ««y» 
of tbe same inci(l«'nl : '• Thf r«-iult wn« Imilfd, by lb()«*> 
)ii>Ht (jiinlitied to jiid^f, iM n biij>|iv in»iti»ii<'*< of lb«- aiifrt^ii 
of jM'iufful (li.mimMioii," or Sir NVillinm Hunffr'^ u-tnnrk, 
" 'I'Uf liiiMHinii I'oiK'fUHioiiH bu|)|iilv r«'iitJiT<*<l a *nf 
uiuu'ccHHiiry." 

Tliis iktlitud*- of Mr. Krnux>t«> ix thi- inori' to !>«• 
rf^'rcttrd hincc tbi- fiii-tH of iiuMlcrii rcnlritl A"inii bi»tory 
uru dis<iuietiiiK imiou);Ii witbout tb<- niil ol' irii|>t y dfiiiiiiriiv 
tion. Not iimnv yi-Hrn mjo |{ii«itin wiim, a* ."^ir hlilwnrd 
lluinley xnid in Thf TimfM in INH.'i, u lb<>ti<tnnd iiiib-o from 
tb«i Af^linn fmntif-r. 'l'i>-<biy brr iiiditnrv rudwiiy 
♦•nfiri'b'H it mid Hbt> biix L',(MM) mfii iit Iht rnilwny tiTiniiiiiii 
of KiiHbk, oidy ei^jbty iiuU-h from llt-riit, from wbii-b brr 
boundiiry is but tifty-lbrM* mill** dJMtnnt «m tbi- cruw Hip*. 
Sb«' i« now, l«>lb by tr«M>pM nnd by ntilwny <onn»*xi"nn, 
in forfo on tb«* I'erNiiin frontier. iVrnin i* iindiT Irrntv 
bondM not to l•on^trn(•t any rnilwity.-* for homh- vmitm witb- 
out Ivii.xNinn jwrniisjiion, u wbolr provincf of nortbi'rn 
1'<'r^<iil is virtually umb-r Kii.-'xian rontrol, and lvii-<>ian 
«'iigin«*frn iirt" at tbix moment surv»'yin;,' a itos-iibit- rout** 
to tbe IVrsian (iulf. Keccnt AnijIo-UuftHian ili|ilomacy 
in Cbina nfVords unbitppily no rciixiin to belifvi- tbat our 
rulers bave reroj;ni/ed tbe nature of tbe Hus.xiun ndvanro, 
or that tbey will meet aj;gre.s»ion in tbe future witli more 
HUccess tban in tbe juist. 

Tbe work of I'rob-ssor Kons and Mr. ."^krine is very 
different from tbat of .Mr. Krausse. 'I'be ft)rmer, "Uppb'- 
inenting and eorreotiny VamU'TV anil otber writers, and 
<lrawinj; at tirst band from tbe original soun-es. makes a 
ino.>it valuable contribution to .Asiatic history. He tvj^ins 
■with the vague peoples U-fore Alexander and follows 
the stranjje <'ntaloj;ue of names of for^^'otten heroes and 
criminals, and famous and unideiifihed towns, until he 
reaches the present |{ussinn occupation, when Mr. ."^krine 
takes up tbe tale. \N'e know no work to com|)are with 
this of Professor Ivoss. lie is in no small measure a 
pioneer, and though be only claims tbat bis IxKik is 
introductory we fancy it must lou<; stand foremost for tbe 
•obscurer nsjiects of tbe history into which he has so 
laboriously delved. ( )ur pniise mi;;bt imply tbat tbe 
result is of the dry-a-s-dust order. It is so only by rea>on 
■of its scholarly conscientiousness. .As a narrative it 
approaches the fairy tale, and colossal figures, of 
almost sui)erbuman energy and ambition, and d«><'()ly 
human jwissions and fates, sweep one after tbe otber 
across bis i>ages. Kutayba ibn .Muslim, a Turkish 
Najxileon of Asia, who erected sixteen miles of j;ibl>ets 
outside Talikan, and placed the Eastern frontier of l>lam 
where it is to-day; I'arvi/., tbe xictorious rer>ian, who 
incidentally captured .Jerusalem ; .Abu Mii.-lim. who 
slaughtered tUMl.OdO people and died nt thirty-six; alv)ve 
all, the Montrol con(|ueror .lenghiz Khan, and bis wnuijlv- 
reimteii descendant tbe lame Tatar 'I'imur, Tnmtrlane; 
the one— ("hingiz Khan, Trof. Koss calls him— whose 
•armies swept over .Asia from (ieorgia to China, who from 
the scion of a small nomad tril>e became tbe "very 
mighty king" be calletl himself, and whose handiwork 
may be seen in the Peking of to-day; the other. Timur I-eng. 



'I l>r> iaIp i>( Ku«*ia in (VntnU Ati* >• l> 
roiimnttr, nnd (b'- •!«<-)-••*• •Ii><-li )l*« < (f/viml 
and ttia^iiilii rnt rtfortu itiiut nlurt tit* winufmltc 
«b'> •tU'ly tbfm. In \>tTJ <irn«Ytil |>Mnaliit> 6 
lh»« •••••olid tini*- in bi> a<lv»i)a'r aaatutl iJrf- 'Ir»kc 
ll».t»iH» cam>*U in '.brt-*- »«^k». Tbf »irt»jr»'/u« Tti 
rnrri"! bi» riflr* imd rrvohrr* n< |,fr~««-iiU l'> th«- 
Kbr.n, bordn iif tbi-m ttjirtr*! wut t<> rBta;,'f 
previously cofKjiirr*.! by Ku««m, and .'•kol^W^ <l 
of tl.n futuri* of III* loUlilfV. "Wr <alitv/( bujhI " 
tbe abya which ti\m-ut l>«-fotr tl* •ilh lifjut," ].■ 

INMO. un JnnuAry '.'t, ImmI, hr ha<l takm l*a- 
— oftrn wroni;ly talb-'l (it^jlt 'Irpi^, iti«- t.a- 
di«triil - and iVnifal .\.!n »•• idii (ii<-rr<|. I»ui 
eij{ble«>n ymr* tbat i.ns" rla|»«^l •in"' tb^j, if.*" 
advance biM tirrii uninterru|>t<^l nnd o<m|«r»titol 
le»«. It* bero n Ifrnfrni .Atiii'-nkof!, n<< »• a •»> 
hn a railway engineer. 

Of tbe new i{ii««inn trrtJtiTV Mr. '>lmn«- i 
interesting nnd very nirrful n"-«>iint. (u!! "f if 
stnti«tic», and adinirnble in tt« •pint. .A« ! i« )fjf» 
is at first band, ami l/>ril I'ur/ou'. t*>ik i« l«-n y 
during wbii-b time (Vntrnl .\<ia ba* ]>r*-n Alino 
form«il, it is likely to remniti for •ome lim"" t 
ai-< urate nnd acce»«ible account «f lbi« |«rl of ti 
Tii'>r>euho unlit inforiiuitioii will turn t<> iL* |« 
e\erylH«dy will !>•• llitel<-»t«-«l by lb»i nr« «lofj 
|>e<'uliar nlly, tb*- .\iin-»-r of .\l'gba>iiat«n :— 

.\ii <*fV'<~i>r III • I'ttiTiiiiul r.f th<« I* *t -it KtiA.'ik t'.i'i •> 
»riU-r« tlint the frii'ieUio«l rnUtu>i» iir«v*4l«<l U-l 
Itiiixmn* .11x1 Af^limi* On "ti« •<■< a»io<,V>^ tt-\C oi t^< 
r<'Hiiii«nt. iiitit.<l I" .1 t i»ti<|t>«'t \<y tfioir t»»thf" n 
iirrivrti in a •ir.<i>A/ Un-^ i.f orrnml-halyl r«i!v«)r nniti'^ 
thi' Toll iiiol'ii col 'amh.l>it4<<l ■.))• m<i(ic«<>;iU. ••Ti'-k«^C*. 
Kiiil a Major (tnitUMl ) r< iMliy with U>» talial of " 
'I'lie Kuoniiiiis »erp iin>'»r thi- iiD|«*i>*|oa that • pnrti 
iilly°» milniitr w.t* taken nut in ra«t-otT aoxiiitiinwat* 
f.nl IS tliJit Mil Hn;l.np»«. I»iiij; • jrinr.- of fr'ig*: i 
biililiT t'V i<roxv nt till- ■•■riob.ai t.\U» -f antatrio^h!) 
»toro» h>bi 111 l"p|»T ln<U.>. 

It is npi-iirently inevitable tbat every »riti 
Ivussia shall discuss the future rebuion* of l!u 
Kiigland. .Ai'O'niingly. the lojit cb«|>ter of •• Tl 
of .\sia " is entitleil •• Friend* or F"or»," and ^m 
by|>er-contident opinion nl .Mr. Kiau****. •jUot« 
may lie set this remark of I'rofe-«*or |{<w.« and Mr. 
" It mav In- atlirmed with j><-rf«-cl truth that Lt;e 
tion of India is a dream too wdd for tbe in<«t a( 
atlviser of tbe Tsar." Mr. Kmu««e. who artimt* t 
contrary " witbout tlie sltghte»t f««r of ••ontra^li 
anyone who knows the factx," must now either m< 
language or charge these authors with ignorwncf 
-tartfil. they tell us, full of prejudices, widch ' 
when Kiissinn nile in (Vntrnl .\»ia bad f*rn -ern. 

The ii«><>|"l<«« "f As;a. (r.iiii tii" Ca<pi»n to •' 
Sil>ori.» to the bonl. r» if Pomia ..n<l Afcbaniatan. 'ti 
.1 mi-nsiirj- of happim-u alul fr»«^«loni »* ihu-v <•( atiy ; 
liiilian Kmpirc. 

Sulistantiaily this is tr»ie. but we Via-, e not hi 
native press in ("entrnl .Vsia i^-rmittt-il to critjci*e i 
to vilify Kiis.sian rtile. I<us.«ian railway enter',' 
the authors, " apiK'nIs forcibly to the f«dIow-c<iH 



S4 



LITERATURE. 



[Jul 



WHAT IS A STATE? 



The PhUoMphical Ttaeorr of the StAte. Hv Bernard 
Boaaaquet. u >(itn.. sviii. . mi pp. U.iulon. is*).' 

MacmlUan. 10 - n. 
Thi« i* ■ \x»k to Iw thonntehlv comm«n<l>«l lo tviichfru miil 
•drmacnl (tudt^U of |><>litii-al iwipnra Whothor Uioy wholly 
•ICnu mith thf >u(h<>r'« |ihiUMk>|>hy or ii..t. th.-y » ill liml .xwll.'iit 
•>••"•"***»»«> »»»<l «-«tici«m oil aliDo.^t vvvry !>•);>•. anil » tiow of 
{«Utic» not in U»«< party apiin- whuh i« larj:» un<l lilx.ral »itli- 
o««t »wiue iiniira -lii-al W,. ,loi;l.t whothor tlia Uv.k in oqimlly 
SI foe l>rciniM>r« in thf nul.j^t ; not that it ran i\o them any 
harm. Imt that th# wMiwohat ailli.iilt <U«l.itioal fomi would Iw 
a hiixlrance tr> their evttini; inurh pool out of a first i«a<linf;. 
Swch twinaaa"thp nwl will "ami •• fr.-.«lom in tlw pri-atir »«lf " 
ar» not y«< faniilinr t<> wlucat^id Kn^'li->h roailpra who h»v« not 
mad* a cpvrial »tudy of a i>p«.ial school of phili^ophv. nnd a 
writwT aho utiM tht-m hit* to Uk.- llu' risk of di»h.artcning or 
aUnti-njj many who might oth.rwii.,. pmlit l>y him. We do not 
Uk- on oupM^lvM U. lay wlx-ther thia ought to 1 e ».•. or Uiat tho 
•c)..»>l to wbi.h Mr l<oaan<{(H>t In-longa will not ultimately make 
tiieir ro^-al>uUr> a» wpII a« tii.ir idea* current. But meanwhile 
tb.. ri«k aivl Uio drawcacks are t!>er««. Prol«l)ly Mr. Boaanqiiet 
h*» countwl the coat ; and. iii.l.«.l. lu> neither aayi nor inipli«« 
that ho is writinR for novii-e«. or with a riew to mak-' l.ii work 
e*«y rM<linj{. What we hav.. to liear witn<-n« to la thnt. tliongh 
not titay. it will Iv foiin.1 int<<n-«tinR nnd well worth the i^ins of 
maatM^itiK it l>y any one who U-liovet a rational ac-.-ount of tb.- 
nature of human Mcietr t« »»• |K>«iiil.l.- and d.-»iial.le Th< b« who 
are not willing to givo philo»o|,hy so nnich tri«l will Ik? 
■uftcientlr warned off by th»« title. 

A« to tlie p<i«itire expoeition. it is built on Aristotle's 
fonndation. and we ar«- of the*, who think there is nothing In-ttor 
to build on. Tl»e Sute in not nu-nly an overgrown club 
Mr. Boeanqoet would go furtlwr and Miy thiit oven the club. 
rightly c<>ni>idpr«d. itartoke* of th«« organic nnture of the SUte ; 
n<r ia it a noc<>a>«rr but unlorely am! unlovnl)lc priron-houso 
for the re«traint of m«l»fact«>r8. ai> the logic of ll<ntIiRmite 
iwlividualiam would hnvo it. HobUs. tin- f.ithor of tin. Knglish 
Khool. himx-lf riws aU.re this mere criminalist jioint of view, 
aa Mr liosaninct very justly points out. XolKxiy can iippreciitto 
or criticize lh<- I^eviathan «ho ci>:ifuiea himself to taking 
Holtbes' doctrino at secoml-hand through B.-ntlmin or Austin - 
not to spoak oC Austin's futile imitatois iilrendy forgott.'n. 
In Mr. BosanqTrnt's view, the St;«t<- is conventional only in 
details. It is the necessary form of mans fa<ultie« as n social 
being, ami it* justification is thst those fiicultieji cannot bo 
ade<|uat4>ly reali»iKl without it Hence the functions of the 
SiaU- caunut Iw define<l. as ^omo mo<lem publicists vainly think, 
by taking " the StxU- " and •• the individual " or " the man ' ns 
onpoa«l and motually exclusive terms. Tlie fact that men have 
•ometinies and somehow managed to got along without the 
State has no nmre to do with normal politics than the fact that 
hunen Iwings have, at son»e times and in some circumstantvs. 
gon<. without fon»l for nu.ny days ami «urvi\ed. has to do 
with normal diet And there is not necessarily anything less 
nstural or nKire oppreuive in the coercive attril'Utes of the 
Stat« Utaa in the co-srcivo function of a goo<l man's conscience. 
It ia oartain that ni.iny g'KKl |<K)ple have <'oiiM'iences whicrh not 
only dvprive them of innocent pleasures and ham|)cr their 
actirity, l>ot injuriously liani|><T their power of iloing good in 
theoomroonwealUi. But oo one lia< propose-l to slmlish ronncienco 
lor that reason, and we cannot remomlwr that any moralist hfcs 
tuaatad it aa a neoaaeary e\il 



of minor loi-al authorities. Critical student* 
ti) tliink over in tlio discussion of Koussenu. 
vindicates Rousseau's fundnmentid |irinoiplo 
will " of Uia Sute. but. as he frankly al 
cation goea wholly against Koussaau'a own 
conso:|uences. We si-e incliuwl to think that 
iMHik is a little out of due prop.irtion. the 
when carefully follonod. is all pait i>f the con 
There are some nee llass stumbliiig-blocl 
which are inevitable in any technical philo» 
" Bourgeois society " is really not tolerable 
" btlrgerliche IJeaellschaft." It suggeats 
noons " and high tea« after Sunday evening 
return from trifling (■lemislies to the sulmtiinca 
the Uiok an a whole is for {leuple who want to 
{leople who want formulas ; nnd for Imving 
lK>ok w« should i-heerfully give thanks to Mr. 
wo ngreoil w ith him much less than we do. 



DANTE. 

— ♦ 

Studies in Dante. Second Sei-i<>s 
Rie«iys. Hv Bdward Moore, D.D. sj v r>' 
Oxfniil, 18HW. Olarendoii 

I>r. Moore's second volume of "Studies ii 
for the moat i>art of essnys t.f a more p<^ipular ch 
which compos«>d the first series. The essay \> 1 
prove m'tst genendly interesting is that upon 1); 
tortcher. esjiocially in relation to Catholic doctri 
has Dante lieen more fierady attacked than for hi 
the Church, and for his unsparing donuncintii 
unworthy successors of St. Peter with w-lioni he 
t<'mi>orarv. The French critic Aroux, who wr 
ye*rs ago. on the tit!e-|Higes of two of his vm 
" Divina Coiniiiedia " aa " la Comi'dieAnti-Catli 
and of Dante himself as " HtCr^ti<]Ue, W 
Socialiste." In the presi-nt day a reaction 
Moore remarks ii|>on the astonishing diversit 
the creeils, the interests, of those who now vie 
in extolling Dante ns the exi>onent or preciit 
])eciiliar teaching. He is claimed by Roman < 
Catnolic Virgil," or aa ''the poatie Aquinas.' 
he has been clnimu<) as " n Reformer before t; 
some enthusiast' actually going so far iis to 
propheJiie<l the ailvent of Luther, the celehra' 
the first canto of the " Inferno " lieiiig regaprled I 
an anagram of " Liitero " ! Vet again, IVuite 
as a prophet by Positivists nnd Agnostics ; 
borgisns as a forerunner of Swedenborg. This 
tribute to the fascinntion exerciawl by Dant<< u 
the present century, and constitutes, aa Dr. ] 
phenomenon without a parallel in the literatn 
country. 

I>r. Moore, has, very happily, c'oUectc 
opinions passed u]>on Dante by eminent nu 
the last century. Voltaiif's epigram is well 
foi;nd "the 'Infeino' alMiminnble, the ' Piirp 
and the ' Paradiso ' tiresome.'' Goldsmith n 
I>oet " a4ldie8scd a barlmruus ]>oople in a nietl.' 
apprehensions,'' and declared that he owed most 
to the obscurity of the times in which he live 
barbarity a small <legie«' of excellence .sc 
Chesterfield w.is convinced tli:it " be was not 



July 15, 1899.] 



IJTHRATl'RK. 



Cury'll trnn«lntion leil iiiilircirtly to th« ruvivitl o( ioUr»<t iii l>fttit» 
Mini Ilia work* wliirli lua titk>ui |>liU.-u in tha |>ri'aanl •-xntuiy 

Dr. Moori) in » linn UiliiiMir In llin reality o( l>«4lrt>'o, inl 
uiily aa nii iu:tiiiil Wonrtii, liut (iirtlini am Ibmlri-K rurtiiitri. In 
» (^nrafiil unil I'xlmuntivn uMay, li« iiii|«rtially ntainiiin* tiia 
viiriniM tlitMiriua, wliicli (all iiniliir tbri»< iiialii IhhxU io«l»t, 
iiluulint, itnil iiyiiil)<>li«t. i'riilialily iiii>r» liaa Imhiii writtoii u|«<n 
till* pJirtioiilnr i|iiiMtion than un niiy nthtir ronno 't<><l with l>ai>t<> , 
iirid it ill It t;riiiit ailvitntiit>ii ti> litvo tlm *iilMtan<'« •'( lli« 
(linc'iKnioii |iriiii«iit<iil ill It vuni'iao >in>l iirili>rly fotm, -• lliat nuU 
of tlix tliuoriitM limy Ixi juil^n I on ita morita without tow {(rnut a 
(liiiiiiinil ii|Hin tlio riMiliir'a |>utii<iio«. Thu •itMi (or tbn mality o| 
litiitriuo aa h«to a«t (ortli by Dr. MiM)ri> i> c«fttinly vo y atroiiK, 
an<l auiiiii of tliK iHiinti on whnli h<> lay* atri'** aurh, (or 
uxuiilflu, aa till) itimi^jliiiitint to ht>r o( n ilolililtti |iUrn in HaaVfn, 
aa a hiiiiiaii aoiil union); otlii<r hiiiii^tn aoiila will gtyn a kimmI ilaal 
of ti'ouhli' tu thoaii wild maint4>in that li«atriu«i ia • iiiora 
•biitrm-tioii, II aort of ine<liuriti " Mrn. Ilarria." aa I'r. Moom 
piitN it. Ur. Mooi-K hul alriiiidy |Hiliitii<l out oliMwherii that if 
till- Ikuktrioti of thi' " Vita Niiova " wa» • flctitioiin |M<r»ona(7«, 
I)ant« liua very iiiiniH-eiuiarily lianit>«ri«l himnxlf hy naiitiniiiK a 
ilittu for her .luntli, which roipiirua an nlnlM>rat<> mitiiipiilation of 
caUindara in <>r<I«>r to make it Ht in with hia aclwnie. 

Of tho otluir oMuyn, that on " l»nnt<i and Sicily " ia tlm moat 
attrautiro for thoao who uru not DaiiU' apxoiuliata. Thu tra((iu«l 
liiatory of tho laat of tho tlohenataiifon ia akilfiilly rolmveil by 
duaoriptions, from |)orHonal oliaiirvation, of varioiia plao«>« of 
intoreat in tho ialitnd, tognthrr with aundry quaint quotationa 
from Fuller, who niiikoa iiiorry (in hia " Holy War ") ovor tlw 
twonty-aix I'liiiiniiiita to tho title to Jiiriiadtim, ono of tho for- 
feited Hohoiistaufon titIo.i wliioli wua claima<l, ut tho tim« of 
which Dr. Mooro ia writing, hy tho houaii of Anjou. To tho 
Danto atudont tho moat ini]M>rtant oxaay in thia volumo ia nn. 
doul>to<lly tho laat, on th« gonuinnneaa of tho " l/iuratio ilo 
Aquii ot TciTii." It haa Iwcn tlm faahion of Into yonra, o!i|M-cially 
among Italian Daiitixts, to regard thia tri'ati.w with <-ontompt iia 
a paliMiblo aixti'onth-oeiitury forgory. Dr. MiHiro hinianlf, aa 
appoara from hi» profui-o to tho OxfonI Danto, nlao, not vory 
long ago, rogardod it with gravo niiapioion. Ho haa aiiico, how- 
ever, bi'on IimI to Hxaiiiino tho tieittiso rritically, and nftor raru- 
fully woighing tlio ovidonro for and againat it, ho him iume to 
tho i-onolusioii that it " i.s a gontiiin' work of Danto, rorruptod 
(Kinaibly in .hoiiio of it.H ilotaiU. but Htill in all o-ai-ntial (loiiita 
tho production of tho aamo iiiiiid and |<oii to whioli wo owo tho 
' Divina Coiuniodia.' tho • Do Moiian-hia,' anl tho M'onvito.' 
Wo cannot lioro attempt a .siinunnry of Dr. Mooro'a argtimonta. 
Hia unrivallod knowletlgo <>f Danto'a writiiiga onabloa him from 
intonial ovidonct< to mako out nn overwholmiiigly atrong o»ao. 
At any rate, tlio burdon of proof now reata on tho othor aide. 
Dr. Mooro ia to bo lioartily congratulat- d iijion a brillinnt piivo 
of work, which cannot fail greatly to onhanco hi* ropiitation aa a 
Dnntiat and as a toxtual critic on both aiilo.s tlio C'h.innol. Wo 
moy al.so congratnlato tlio Dilogatos of tlio Cbii-end >n l*r<>aji upon 
tho addition of another valuable work to thoir sorioa of Dnnto 
publication!), which have d.mi' si> imicli to nilv.tnco the study of 
the [KMit in this country 



TWO ELIZABETHAN POETS. 



In tho Ski.kition kkom tiik Pofn-KV or Swrr.!. Damki. .*ni> 
MliHAKi. Dkayton (Dent, Its. ChI n.), which tho Kov. H.C. IVtvliing 
has just addod to his list of excollent anthologjoa, tho aa.ii>i-iation 
of tho two pools in ono voltimo happens to U- fortuitoua, w ith no 

-aL - I...* ».. ^}....^ „ ».....>u...,-»k.' t^'rt .^1 IWf,;„l n,l.l 



snla < lifwoi. t" lli^i'Ty. IUi> rl •U'rMit%^ i*« W 
KiMM. anl l>r«)t'<<i lb* Vv«/« •>( itw Ifarotx 

lii>th ••( tlutn cotttl.tnrabiy ii«|«>rBt litaif t»am try 
Ol hiator>e*l a't>>)ai:t«. mkuch |iartu-u:a/ly iM ilka OMe 
itlB U%uta <k>tlraU aiwl r<Anli>a •'< tK> tao «<«« e»^ 
tlwif lyrwal |{«Iiiim II ui witii ffml -UAtrullf tt^l V 
fvwUr (•(n-U lbr<fUKb " Tlm l'm\ Wai« ••( Itab'o: .<» 
-■ lUroiia Wafa. itXMtfh Iko »h->t\ " |U:1»I -A \t''' 
iba \»Uat la a manol of tig--ut ' TtM |*ul^<»b 
" atraiiKB Hofi-ulsan taati, aa iHayUKi !• omvIi i< 
aiau a romarkal'lo • wm> ••( a |i»*l piliiif u|> •lift' u.l<«« 
path Mr lkM> b>i>K, in bo •• b<fUtty alwl 'Ol.nMCit>( |« 
in III* •■>|m tiuix. ikala with Ibl* iMmin m talixrr • 
• pint. A(l«r all. II la I>fajHHi« i«rty»«»i <'f'^. ai» 
(•irbail Biurn in Ifw way of •(■t4>t«linn (r<>a> i(, ■• at 
l««n glatt to bam a (ulUr alalcn^il ut It* atiilouUad 
tlm |ir»(ac«. Wo lan Ivjno^t.y ncommmn.i it l<> Hr I 
pupila in tlw Oiloril H, bo»i of l.itsf aturn aa a ■>"■ 
ditriTfaion from lb« aluily of .4. an-lin*rian af»l Ai.^ 
Nowhnrn «Uu it lirajton* loaatofx "' -U* r<|>i<<> mnl 
uzamplifi*! Thntn la aiUliKblful in^tvnuily lO b» « 
woaring a g»>gta|>ti)r laxik inl'> • >•)> ••! (antatiy t>; 
of inganioii* tlavufK auih ** tlx' |i«T»>ni(i' •(> « ••( pi* • 
unnxpe--t«l intnt lu ti.'ii of IsKnn I* T)>o thun.i<>tin4 
.SkiiUlaw 

M<ait liko i'arnaa«tu miK tliat i< xipii-knl i-- !«. 
Having a d»ul>lo h«ail, aa bath ttval kv-twl i»>un' 

or the idyllic pii-tur« of I.uivly I«U aa 

A luaty bl.t<'kbrownl girl, with f.irehoxl t«<>*<l a 
That oflon had linwit<-boi| th« aea-fC'i-U w itb b«T . 

might woll have bxon introlu*! int>> thia anlj^ob 
on tho wboln, the nuthor'a aaln-tiou i« a rapital ml/" 
an indo|iondont uludy of tlm |»>«tl llv«i'l-« ■ Nympbiilu 
best of tho S'lnnvta, it inilifbrc Inu b that la Uaa ■< 
aui-h aa tho " ."^liephord'a Sirooa" an.l ■■Tii« Mu*m' Klyai 
works of Danml ■|M'4-ially invito th« i>>>i.- ivIk.-iI -if ti«* ai 
Tho pructii-e of proM-nting a (oa lodatxl pa«u4(aa (■ 
|>>om, a4> miidoading in tlm . .>•• of aorka ,•( art. >• 
with a iKM't. who. Iiko Ihtniol. ha< little afaill lo 
narrntoo .Ml lt»a.<'hing « judi, loita *«i*'ti*m* fr 
Tr»ge<ly of ('loo|iatra " and from "Tlial'ivil Wsra 
tho nioat ntriking |>a*a«gi'« in «i>rk« "f whi< h n'> r«a<ia 
to rouil tlio wbolo lint Itolh Dtnml an I Ihnytoci an 
Ix'st known by tlioir aonnolii Mr li<<«hin,;. b->«sr 
con<i>loi4 tho idoA* of l>an.ol « •'•nnat* mor*' o>a>n>>of 
those of bia lat^T p-wnia, am >ng which b« ginM tl 
Hymon* Triiim|>h. Among iHayton'a Kinnatia. .4) 
lian I. is t<i 1<« foun I tlm goni of tin* v»ry inU'< 
thology : - 

.Since thore'a no help, corn* Irt ita kiaa a»i {>a( 

Nay. 1 have iloim. yon (pnt n.> m->r<» of m* 

And I am gind. ve> glad with all my baiart 

That thus *.< cloanly I roya»lf i«n (raw . 

Shvka han'U for ovor. <an<el all •><ir >•>«•. 

And when we tiMwt at any tinu* asatn. 

}it< It not s««»n in pithor of our bowi 

That wo one jot of fiiinmr lovo retain 

Now at the b-vst i:»«p of Live ■ Ut«-at Ixoatb. 

When his ptdso fading. I4ksai'>n aia-^^ bl«aa l><M 

Whon Faith is kneeling by bi« l»l o( ,lc«tli. 

.\n{ lnno.vn'o is cbiainc up h:< oy»e. 

Now, if thoii woul'Ut, wbon all ba«<< H'"^ h ir 

From death to life thou might'st hiro yoi m ..i 

Mr. Iloj-ching ia to U> rongTatulatol o»i tho a.-i-'i- 
toxt. which ho baa can-fully lr»lia.-ril<«< fr.«i th^ I 



3« 



LITERATURE. 



[July 



A PIOUS PEPT8. 

— ♦ 

BxUraoUi troax th* Diary and Autoblomipby of 
the R«v. Jams* Clen(._NoncoofoniU«t Mlm8t«r and 
Doctor of MMllclntt. TaTB to 176A. I-Ulit.^l \<\ Henry 
Kirk*, M.A.. B.O.L. lu > oUn.. uu |>|>- U>ii<l. in. !.<««>. 

Sampaon Low. 6^- 

Tlii* *l\m «rl*To i« • aini^iUtlT inlrT««tiii|t littlo bcKik, full 
<4 m«ll«v ahioh >■ not onU •tU'iiOtivi> in itaclf, Imt hiKhly 
infominc >» l» thv romliUoii of Soiiconfoniiity in tlit* find half 
of t)i« l&«t or-lurr. Tharv la •> fiankiH>a» alMiiit manv «f tho »ntri»« 
in Itr. i'lrfcK'a diarr a-hirh rominiU oik* of thf> too can<li(l oon- 
f «f «i« w of th* (:T«atr«t of all <liariala Hut while Pf>|>^ waa 
a ••>)f>iniliil|r>>nt man of th«> «t<>tl<l «h« pnjoy««i an o.x«aional antl 
flw>tio; n>la|«" int» r»m<-r*«>. thia nIH Ihatx-nttr- wma a pioui and 
Oori-franng mini«trr n< ttio WonI who i* wtrpljr exvrciaed in hi* 
a mia itirf <M>n>rirnrf «hf>n Im> h»a a tilT witii bin wifo or flnda 
tlMt th« cool nicht air haa a ainf^ilar aixi pmharraaaing vtfert 
upon tb» lact glaas of hot mm aiKl wnter. It la ran>l^ onnugh 
l>tat aurhlik* |»cMlillo«« an< aet dnwn, for thia «am««t dirine 
waa too buay a man to havp miirh time to aparo fur rft\-eniona 
which Inl into tmnptation. CallMi at four-and-twontjr to a 
paatonit* at Malralf. n«ar Chap«l-<>n-l<>-Krith, in th« midat of tli« 
wild and d«aolatt> rv^ion of the High Peak, where roada barelj 
esiated aixl camagt-a could not |<>iietrate. he very aoon had hi* 
handa full. Mi* mmiatry waa worth only IXX) a year— jiut half 
tite aaxilumeDta of Dr. Primroae-hut at firat hia income wua 
hell^Hl l>y a tutorship. Pnaoutly came iiuirriago, anil aa the 
rv«diaat ir.aana of |ir«vitling for ita ni-c«eaitiea he tuniMl fartni-r, 
and ao nmain*<) to the end of the rhaptw. From Iniyhood Or. 
CI<^ had l<o.'n intrmted in modicino, and at liuit ho be<-aine in 
aorh rooatant re<|t:«at in tlie Peak, and even oiitaide it, aa a 
of bodily infirmiti<« that he applied to tho I'niveraity nf 
for a Diploma aa Doctor of Physic, which waa duly 
IIIHiImI, upon tlio riM're t4*atinioniala of three medical men of hia 
aoiuaintance. He had Utji onlain(>d to the Diaaenting miniatry 
witli ai|ual eaae. Aa miniat<-r, farmer, and doctor he ha4l a Iniay 
aad proaparoua life, and hia diary ia a ciirioiia collection of 
aatnee in which the incidcnta of the throe callings are oddly 
jmabteii togetii<T. Kroni the killing of the fat pig or the 
bairinning uf the harr< at wo |iaa>i to the trpstnieiit uf a case of 
outlignant sniall|>ox. and over-leaf nw<l of the " Bliar{> admoni- 
tictts" with which li<< had r<>|irov«<<l oii» of thoae tranagreasiona of 

iity which apiM'Ar t<> have lieeii toleralily frinpient among hia 
Aa often aa not thc«e admonitions were ilelivered in public 
and fnim the pulpit. 

It ia to be hoped tliat thcaa reproofa were somewhat briefer 
than th* dccU r'« aemiona. Over and over ii)2ain ho telU iia Uiat 
he preached for three houra- <iiice for nearly four ; and he rarely 
fails to add that he waa " menifiilly aasiatail and ntrengthened 
antl waa not much fatiguetl." Wo do not hear how the coii- 
graKatioii bore up. Nor were theae trcmeii<loiiB oration* 
infrei|u*nt. He oni« (ireached aeventnen of them in nineteen 
days, ami whem-ver lu- waa calleil out of liii own district to nee a 
{•livnt he to<.k tlie opportunity of delivering a diacourae or two 
by the way. Hia joiimeyings in and out of tlic Peak Hen> indeed 
aaCiinishingly Inxjitent wlmn w« remeinter that ho lived in a 
bl*-«k ami almost tractleaa iixiorlanil diatrict, aiibject to siiilden 
miata, ami to e(|aallr aiiditen risings of the waters. One particular 
nMwl na-ar hia bouae fell into ao liopclees a condition that he never 
[ ■■ id it aave at the riak of hia life, and when he tlin<at(!ne<l the 
rwapooaibia person with the Quarter Soasiona if ha ilid not re|>iiir 
it, the ungrateful wrel^-b. who waa one of hia flock to wlioiii he 
had ailown great kiiKln<-u, p«ve up hia xittinga in the rhnp4l. 



Highlanders reacheil Manebeater and then n« 
aa from the advance of savages, and either lomi 
their valiiablea. Rven Dr. Cl<<gg, distinctly a co 
iMnt away his wife's elotlies and hid some of hi 
by which he prtdutbly meant legal dociiiiienta. 

The 'diarist liveil on such good umlersti 
neightiuuring Church of Kngland clergy that 
must have lieen liettor endowed with Christian 
oft4-n the case in thoae days with the miniHtera 
He vikita tJteni, doctors them, and dines ev 
deaiHin. Narrow Dr. Clegg can hanlly have b 
waa there of Puritan aouinesa in him tliat hi 
to spend a diacn>et evening with his friends i 
|<enuit even his own household to go to the t 
further remonstnince than waa impli«<d in i 
wonder that " so pnHlipious a iiumlier " of peo 
Hakewell ruces.notwitlistMnding the general comp 
He tiahed. and coursed, ami playe<l bowls, ^ ami- 
of a liU-ral mind- when lie waa to<» unwell to pi 
family go to Church and listen to tlie vicar, 
it came to |iayiiig his childntn's dimeing niiuite 
waa by no means «aay, iind be deciilo<l tliat tl 
more of such dangerous vaiiitita. Nor did bis \ 
the early Methodiata go very far, and be waa fo 
them of the deadly ain of Antinoniianiam. Hia U 
however, as wna perhajis not unnatural, wna m 
He read much, lnit chiefly in medicine and 
groans like a sinful soul at having liaen in etirly 
bis lady frionda into reading " poetry and no\ 
traah. " This waa, perbapa, one of tliu '* ainful 
youth which be bewails in hia diary. Now and 
bis religious furvoiir seems to Ihi toucbad with 
timely patient arrives with a two-guinea fee — " 
aends us supplies." Thia metlical and clerical 
so well tliat in 1731 he was able to spend £120— 
sum for the time and the place. But tlio oddest 
and |iecuninry jirudonce is exliibito<l in an entry 
made a few montiia liefora bis deatli : — 

I wan under apprehensions of dying i 
graateet concern waa for ye continuance of y( 
tion ill these {larts aft«r my doceaac, but Go<l 
on Him I rely. With a view to this I have n 
for me in tlic IriKb Lottery. If Providenc 
with u prixe, I have determine<l that one ball 
applied to that iire or to some other that > 
pious and cluiritable. 

Thia hard-working, energetic life was proloi 
six ycArs — until, indeed, the diarist liiul oiitlivi 
iind his favourite daughter : but wu are not tol 
this partnership with Providence in ii lottery tic 



JAPANESE HISTORY. 



Bssai BUT I'Histoire du Japon. Uv ] 
Mazelidre. 4i'in. <7iin., 48Upp, Parix, ]«u(). 

M. lie 111 Mazeliero is one of those rare m( 
whoso love for travel and a<lveiitiire nH-alls Dn{ 
plain. He has visitwl China, Japan, and India 
a curious work on Hindu monks, and be now 
condcnse<l form a history of the most romarl 
States. As the biographer extols bis hero, bidi r 
throws bis merits into Uild relief, so M. <le la 
catas .la| an from all the charges brought againr 
wislied to prove," says ho, " that the civiliutic 



July 15, 1899.] 



LITKKATl'RK. 



fhroniole of ■nnolntmi. Now he inltiHa upon hia r<-a>lar« itM 
fintim lilt of tliK (>n« hiirxlnxl ami twrtity-ttirmi mlliMliM. t)i« vnry 
HliiiilDwaof oliatlowy riilmii ; anil now hnolTrn iia I'lirimia iiiforiita- 
tion ttboiit olil .lii|iniiitii<i itit, iMMttry, or miatoRi*. 'I'Uo vivuai- 
tiitlii* itiicl |R<ili){nMi i>f till' iliiniiinat n( imkiMliM am ImhiikI in \m mm 
I'XcriiRiiktiiiKly tiriianmo aa tlw hal(-|i<KvtwlM7 hii.:a-t,riir lU'taila 
»r« (lt>li|;lit(iil. 

't'lie JHiiiiiii'ii' worn ivi'f a •itraii|;i' itfopU, kUIi thnr c«>r«»- 
inonii>iiiiiiinia, ttin woinl ayinlxiliiiin of ttwir nUMtrr-|aiiiit«r«, (Iwir 
iininti'lliKitili' notion of litmoiir In th«ir tiiiii«-l>oti)iiiri-<l t-iiatntn 
<if lining /ifiriiAiit thtiri' i* n llaviiur of th« •'Xi|iilail«ly abaur<l. 
Ollii ilay two courtii'iK m>'it on thi' iA<»/ii)i, or I'riini' Miuiater'a 
ntaircnae. Oiio of tlmrn, Imxtily lnnalilni; liy, for(,'«t« t<> aatiit" 
tlio othtT. Tin' liittor, ili>i'|ily otli'tHliol, ilrnwa hn nwonl aiul 
iitiilm hinint'lf, A f»w miniitoa l>it«<r tli<< inanltor i-oina* frotn tho 
MitiiKtrr'n r<'C«]>tloii-rooiii, Inama what liaa tAkmi |>U<-<i, atxl, 
li<Mt ho hIioiiIiI 1x1 IhoiiKlit infmior in mMirs(,'« t<> liia rival, 
ilrnwN liki'wiiid liia nwonl itml fnllii upon it. \i>rtir iliil 
(iiillivor in nil hi* trnVrU iliat'ovir niiili a form r.f ilii<<l|ini;. 
■Iitpan hull onco n rtoiirinhinft ilntina Hit Sli<iki'ii|«nin« ami 
Uiirincfl wroto in a ciuioniily miMlorn faaliion : " I.ifn ix n ilrmin. 
Tlicro In notliiiift on i>artli loit ilrniiniR — Vnu iirt< amaxiHl ut my 
wiMtom," Mtya one of tlio <-liarai'l4ini in a play, "n <lri-nm wna 
my mnitor, but a (lr<<nni ia riiDU);!! to allow thnt nil hiimikii fortono 
|>iui«<'ii nway like n ilroani." So wrotn .laj);\n<'at< (mirtionth- 
rontiiry iln»niiiti»t«. In not tlii™ Inimilinfinf! for iia wlio linvx only 
jiiat invi'ntixl lliwjiium ' 'IIh' |v>4>tiy i» no loaa mo<|i<Tn : " Mv 
lovn hns vaniHlie<l fr<<in xicw, iia n imwin Imliind nrloml," Rtngii tin' 
.ln|>anf<fio Kontx. " How xnd tho niyhtinjjuU'K »on>,' ! Wtiat i» 
ita wi><>pinfj for y Tho floMi>r»y ^ ot. lonpinR from IkiujiIi to (~mKh, 
nhx toara thum lioraclf with Inr win;;." The •«titimiiit ia 
lionutiful ; bnt M. <1t< In Mazi-liiro t<<lla im thnt it la ni?ith- 
I'l'ntnry jwetry. Alan, how yoiinj; wc foel iM'jiiilf tlio«<< Kiiatorn 
iintiona ! 

H wo n<tuni to liistoi-y projior wo nre )>oiinil to ooiifpnn that 
it ia only th« ri'volntion thnt ia of otln"r than monly nntii|uariftn 
interest to u«. In n mnnnor unpf<'<-<'fli'nt< d in history it joidilonly 
('hnn);(xl n somi-lmrl nroua |«'oplo into n oivilinil imtion. All 
thnt prt'cxloa ia liki> thi< liintoiv of a manufai tory of fimcy 
iirtirlea, of prrtty piicca of fiimitniv nn<I droiw, fnnn, ilmw in;;*. 
laoi|Uore<l bookcnaca. M. do In .MnwIii'iT ini|;ht wi'll hnvo Irft 
out nltofrothor n >,'oo<lly numlxT of the niikadoj, and oontin<'<l 
himaelf to his lucid nroount of the ri-cont trnnsfornintion. lU'foro 
rcnohinR this wolcome oaoia tht< intr<>pid roa<l«r hnn n «<«ry dcnrrt 
to wnndtT ovit. M. dc In MazoliiTo Ix'liovps in the future of 
Jn|>an. In spite of Kiiro)><'iin fashions nnd Knropi an arniami'iit, 
the ■Inpnnose rrniain osstintinlly themselvt-a. They ri'tain their 
pods, their national worship, and. in thi' liiphor olassi-s, i-vcn thi-ir 
se^'ulnr nth<>iani. Tlii>y Imvo nnoptcd W(>stern proEro«< with 
Oriontal fntnliiin ; nnd soltonrd down the luimh reality of the 
chnngo with the childish liulf-H<'riou.<<ncss with which they farry 
it into practice. 

The defect of thi' lM>ok is that it is rriidite for the onlinnry 
ro»d<>r, and mthor 8Up«'rfici«l for thi' s<-hol«r. Hut it ia thrtinijh- 
out carcfidly, nijri'oably, nnd syni)>ntlii'tiojdly written. 



AN EARTHQUAKE ANALYSED. 



The Hereford Barthquake of Dec. 17, 1896. Hv 
Charles Davison, Sc.D., F.O.S. i> din., x. 'ifapi.. Mir- 
niinKhani, 1(4K). Comiah. 10 6 n. 

The fortunate rnrity of i-nrthipiakis in this country st'iros to 
draw nil the greater attention to tliein whin tht-y occur with the 



•lone, aivl umm Uff (•«>«f»)ly aft'-iMd by Uw I^mcs 
of it»i| lint Mr |i«>i~»i »h>.m» U.«l «LiU U« •<•• 
tfio Kaa«l B«rUM|UakB lorkcxl uij.UbU aijuafs wUe U^ 
ill tho prt«i'iit •mm* wcrs felt "tir at UmM l«>a> %tu 

|ti>l«lily Wrr* lloticMklile oVof IHi.ttM) • ,u«r« » W, ' 

t>ti> laiwl ama of tlwi lirilitb l«lr«. i'ltm^ U.#><«( 
•'•'iit«iiilr>K 'J, Mai rM«.ri|>, al.icii nfi.i gtvt ci. 
•ulhor'a aMiiliili)r. ■« ci.aM b' Hit |«k«« "i a><»< 
• Uduetiotu. Tim |>fo(iav*u cahw -4 *i> aartl-'iiuko >• 
tho Kviterally • k>ii«(«t<»l form ••( Uio »n* ■< dtalur 
diu< to t)>" ■li|if>ttii{ ral)i«( tiian !)•« ttrntUHtut <.t I 
riUur ii-lo o( « faidt. A nafclul mittufe ' ( (ix. 
li>uU t" llir ••>|M luao^i t)>«l t)x> •■.qrxU ■■{ mt> wilU,'^ 
Ir'tn thi> tnarxina raDwr liiaii liio rstiUo "( l.'« »l 
Thia lt>>'f>lint» lor tho ..(Ix'tVlao I turt |>lt'*)>U Itu ', tKa( 
and (hia k> «rti n*/t in t«»«l I**** •it,;nH»f.<».'.» Ti. 
of tlie (atdt i< infrfTol frofn !)>•' relat.v \-m:\ 
■ •..MiiainaU 'or lirii* of »-,a«l vartlMiiiaVr iMmn.t.t} . 
primiplr* ohi' h Mr. l»airiM.n ap(ili<« U> Itf Oi^ 
rtKi.ritrd in iho prracrnt in*tAn<-a. T(.«> r»«Mli i> ■ 
int"t«>atiii;;. \ i ha<;a ••( .^ii.i m riur«|>«tiMl iMo tm, 
nnd luoidly maiU< tn !• II ua l).a ful|ii«>i>. aimpU f.utj 

'I hi< I'arthipia'/^a oir'^l ila •r.t.'.n (<• »*tutinl> 
caiiain;; a altp ah n^; a (anil >nat>y n>:lcp« m l«ti| 
lltri'foril and ICo.. T>i«' tlirr«-t|f,ii ..f tK» f«-i|i 
iioith-wi-at and ••nth eAat. and it 'iy*)"<:tta" 
Hereford. Tlie "I'p waa not •mxillaivotta, o* ><<? 
alon,' the fault. 1 ut o..iir.r.l »t a !■ c-ia T>»ar H*'-»f 
took pla>-e at a not i II r na'ater l(<>ia Tt e rT:>l'i>rai 
tliia inttireatiii.' f w t la ilrrife.) rut only (ii.in I 
H-tiaationa I'XiH-rii nietl in dirfBtmi p.it» •■( lfi«' a-- « 
fioni (ai'tiliaritii-a in afat af<- ti-TiiiKl llx laan.'-ai 
lini-a of iipial •oiind ilititi'ity. IVtaeani lhr««. fo< 
a len^.'th of two inilpa nlonc at.ir', no 'iip art'ijia \ft 
, la. ... 

What'-M-r th" r« '.aa c.f thia l.att"T ctrnitnatati "^ 
^'i\>'!i a plnuMbli' hyj.«tli«>»i« (or il tha- mar* fart 
deduction ran Im in.ide i"r\-e« to show the ac- tira<-r 
now Ix-.-n nttaineil l>y tha acienca of aaiamolugy Vh» 
lines are drawn iw cotdin)< to a arah' rjlUd thai itoaai-^ 
varica from 10 to Tho .'evtra HI, which a]'f-t.«a 
which whole towna are de«troy«>«l. fortututtelr ovi' 
thia country, nic dc^-rie H pml-ritcpa " arrau ah' 
chiniin'ys and oracka in the walla of buiM.nc* ocrtir. 
ii't I'Xci'cdid III the preaeiit c%.'f It n>Tr.-tlw !aaa ri 
area of 7'.'4 •<|iiar«' inilea. ir.cli.dinK f'fty-lhraa pl*ia i 
nliin' I'evon 1 thia no buildir c» airi' tliji.re.1 fli- 
of till' T'hi'ck. whii-)i liATe b«'« n woriiral o'.it It M 
slioH-i thnt the earth-w»TP« tmrelh'^l frotn what « : 
epicentre in pretty nearly atraiRht linea. 

It ia Some Comfort to reRict that the** terT:i.ie 
tions of tcrre.atrial inatability are not of aniraraal 
Mnreo\er. it would appa-ar fn-ni re«-r>rrt» of other |tr 

■ pinkea and tlie prcti'.iarly rartail atrata of th«a« i*U 
do not fnvoi'.r the prodiutnxi of rery lr«n|t fa-illa. ' 
never Itki'ly to autfer from nmr* iiitanaa or a i<l«-«5 

■ piaKes than those whu h hare in r<» ent yeara irign.- 
roiintiea of Ks4M<x and Herrfi r>l Tro niany iiiTeatijpi' 
kind undertaken by Mr. IhiTia-n r.-«nlt in th<< via 
Voluminous ./>ifo without a<Wan- in|r ». len e fy th'-.r 
diaciia^ion Mr. I>nri».ira work f.rtna « n- labia r^ 
tho rule, and may l-a- >omm«>!.»ler| :ta « id'-'p! • i ■ 
inon'>graph •hould t* 

MEDIEVAL TRAVELLERS 



38 



LITERATURE. 



[July 



travvU <•! tho hn4hw« /oiio. Att^r U(«> OM>cltt»l>>ii of Uit> '" Wur 
of Ckio^a " (IM>), Nieolo /»ti>i uilnl iiit» Uir N<>rtli S<«, mM 
«*• vrcfkrd tm KrikUmU. H<- w^a Bavrv) bv Uiv PriiicM* Zidimiii, 
WmW wthtin h« Uxik BKi-t ion, aiMt. tviiii; joitml liy liU l>n>Ui<T Aii- 
U>ni<>, Mkilrd « HI) • flo0l t • K«tlBiMlji(Shi<tliiii<l*) mimI Kii)n><»*'l«iKl 
((irwonUivli. AftorhUiimUi AnU>ni.> •uco><«li'<l liitn na lulminil in 
/ic4.mni'akinc<l<im. bimI acrsitnp>ni«l hiarhiff in n «ri«t<'rti voynp* 
tt K*U4iUt>il •»< IVoftn'.Ar .r<>untrir« which limt txt-ii tliaoivcH'*) 
tarvi:t]r^i rt^r» XttiUtv br fiahiiig h<>aU ilrivfii l>y U-mpi-at fnmi 
KrialAJxi. }tio)imni kixt l'.i« ll<-<'t r >ul<l ii<>t nMli*o<>vi-r RutotilHiicI 
■nd Dixgmi. Intt fouiwl Icsrin iiih( miiothtT iaUlMl fur to thr Went 
• •f Krialaml. ■rl.<T«' tli«'_T att<'inp(<ii t<« plant » o>li«iiy twciity-fivt- 
«I«y«' wil viMt-ii<>rU)-v<i4 <•( Ntxun.-, wliioli wh* utxhT tho 
tlominlxn of /ic-hmni. and thi>><< cluyn' nail fn>m KrinlniKl 

Mr. Looaa h«a t>>mpilt-<i an cxIiniiKtivf iitu<1y of tliia at<>n'. 
and of iu hibliocmphy : thi« atiidy he haa illuatraUvl with 
fa<«imtlp«, {txdifCTw. sihI map*. Hi* coiirluaioiiR nn< to tlio 
following vtfct : IHtnt t)ioU(;li Nicolo and Antonio 7,<'no may 
Karv aaitod intii thr North S««. m.-iy hart* viait«<1 t)i<> Contint-ntMl 
FVialanda. Kriaia, or Kri<-»lanil. and may liart- writt4-n IctU-ra to 
Vrnio- darinf; tJifir tra\cU. rot Xiodo Zcno tho younpt-r did not 
eompiU hi* narmtii • from any aurh iettora, but from the piibliiihi>d 
wxirkt of RordoDo.Olaua MafHinn.A'r. That the ancounta of (iixH-n- 
land attribtitail to Nioilo nnd Antonio Zcno are untrue aa npplie<l 
to tJitt oountry. and roiild not h:ivi> liet'n honi'xtly written by any 
p»r*on« who liad viait<xl it. Tlut there ia no evidence of Antonio 
ZetM ever haviaj t laittx) any ]mrt of Americn or any of itft 
ialanda. and that no aiirh iaiand aa Zeno'a " Krialanda " ever 
•xiateil. hi* map of it h4'ini: compiled from earlier niapa of 
loalaad and the Kfcrn<>a. That /ichmni. if aui-h ii man <-ver existed, 
waa cert'^inlj not thf> aamo peraon aa Ht-nrt' Sinclair. Earl of 
Orkney. Th.it th« •'/Ceno Map'" waa not copied from any one old 
map n the arrhivea of tin- family, but waa Concocted fix>m 
w>reral map« (well known in th<> Kcnniaaano' |jeri<Hl) of vurioua 
dat'W and n itMin ;lit ea: and tli.it nc>arly tho whole Zeno atorv, in 
abort, waa iItio t'> ji^alouar of Columbua, nnd hia diacovery of 
Amerio. Th • :>dmiaa:on, that tho Zcni miy have writton lettcra 
to Venice dur-ng their tnneU, and that tho Poraian travcla of 
member* of thii family, ao cloM-ly connect ■< I with the Northern 
>oumey». ar* certainly authentic, Mt-ms to ua to indie ite a 
certain wo.iknM>> in Mr. Luox Cia<-. Ho ia jM-rhaiM too 
•w»»p;n2. too excluii\e, in hia condemnation <if the Kono fton', 
tinleaa he ia r*idy to dony ovon the poaaible oxiatence of lettera 
from Vi?netiana. whether /oni or otiiora, then n-aident (c. I'.KtO) 
in the far noKh of Kurope. The " Americnn " portion of the 
orii{in»l nirrative, " K»t<»til:ind.' " hrfigeo." '• Ictria." "Trin." 
and ao f'lrth, a«Mn< ho|)eleu aa material for anythinj; but 
fi-tion. On the othc-r h;<n<t. wo heaitiito to aaaninc with Mr. 
Lucaa that the /Cenian account of Krialand ia purely le^'ondanr : 
tlut tiw /eni nevM* viait4xl (ireonland. and tliHt /ichmni ia 
(probably) a mytliic«l |«raotia(;e. It doea not ovon foom quite 
impoaaible tiiat /ichmni miy bo identical with Honry Sinclair. 
No one wouM. at the (ireaant d.«y. contend that the Zono n:imi- 
tife ia moro thin fractionally tnio aa an Hccoiint of tho northorn 
r«f(iona. but it ia op^n to nuoation whother Mr. Lucia hua not 
orvratat^ hia cTiticiam in aliiioat totally donying even that 
fraction. TboM- North Atltntic vontiirea, ao ohvioualy 
fabaloa« in pacta, aru conin-cted in tho original with 
undoublMlly genuine F^atem travola by membora of tho 
aaaw family. No one at all r.ojuiinted with tho goo^n^- 
phictl hial^frj' of tho *ixt<-<nth oi-ntury can Im- i|:n<irint <if 
th.' t«adeoer to invent " Am>-ri<-an '" iliacovorioa eirlier tlmn 
Colamhoe diacnvert«a which WiT<- announced with atirtling 
rin-ditr " fmin tho oI<1«»«t <lociimont« " when fh" veil hid onr o 



that their worthloaaneaa ia ahtiwn in ttie inconaii 
rather than in the |^<neral linaa of tho >r|;^ument. 
ceivdblw,thi>UKli in tho laat degree queatiunablu,^ 
liahomien may havu l>een ilriven to Fhirida, and tl 
to Mexico. But. in view of the date of tho publicni 
no atudont can la* bliimod for utterly rojoctini; 
«dventun>8, and lieliovinR that thoy won> aimply . 
true rt-oonla of tho Siviniah con<|uiatadoroa. 
|>oaaibility attachoa to tho (trtn-nland and hVial.. 
narratiro that here we may ailmit an element i 
characU^r to aomo dof^ree parallel with such r 
lUnlaen'a. 

Admiral /arhtmann in IKCt had alreac 
credibility of the Zono narriitive. and, but fo 
gallant atti-mpt to rehabilitate it, ita reputation 
needed, in England, thla fpnah and moat d»<atri 
tion. C>n tho Continent it aeema of late yean 
consiatontly rat^ti lower than umongat oursoh 
Wo aro |M<rhapa in danger of ruahing into an o] 
and uodemiting tlio importance of certain of 
or excuaea well aummariztyl by Mr. Lucas, r.g 
error* anil miaatatomonta aa up|>ear in the Zen 
to tho compiler having iniaiindoratooti or niiad* 
jwrta of those family |M]M-rR which ho had riHOVoi 
aiiiong iiiui-h which ia puixling thoro aro ci-rtiiii> 
ill tho Ktory which aro triio in tlioiiiaolvoa, thoU). 
iiiiaapplio<l through want of knowlislgo on tli 
conipiKr.'' Tho grout roaoun-o of tho out-and-out < 
Zono atory in tho paat was ciTtainly the last of t 
nvountud by Mr. Lucas vi«., that when Nicolo ) 
Ilia narrativo thoro did not exist idsowhoro in Ei 
for tho work which ho producinl, and that ho n 
havo po^(aoaso<l sonio spocial sonrcos, such as li« 
Lucas has trio<l, on the oUior hand, to di-iiionsti 
thoro lutually existed in Vonii-o, early in tlio sixl 
and ut tho dat<! of publication, books and iiia|Hi 
Northern regions herein described, and easily ao 
man of f.iir iiioans : mid, secondly, that from tho 
lu'tually ilorive<l all the more proiiiinoiit (lortions o 
map. For his pur]K>si> Zeiio osjiL-cially plundero< 
this view, the works of Columbus and Vo8|)Ucci 
Central Aiiiorica, of ()lau« Magnus for the North A( 
Hut we cannot fwl npially sure that the Zonian 
defonsiblo as Mr. Lucis believes. Moat of the na 
taken from works earlier than the sixteenth contui 
and iMisition of Greenland as given by Zono aro rat 
lifteenth than of sixteenth i-ontiiry cartography 
strengthen the belief that N. Zono the younger wn 
entirely deceiving us in his account of tho map h<' 
Thor« is no sp-iw hero left to deal with cortaii 
of int.Tost in this book, except one. We cam 
why Mr. Ijuchs couples the n irrativos of M,-iijiimii 
a traveller's tiilo, " mainly falsi<, " with those of Si 
ville Hiiil Paalnianar.ii:ir. Is not Benjamin worthy of 
as far as Bagdad ? 

Abel Janszoon Toaman's Journal of hi 
of Van Diemen's Land and New Zealand i 

I)iH-iiiiieiil«< rejalliiic U> lii.s Kxploltiliiiii of Aiisln 
which iii-e luldeil " Life iind IvilMiiii-Hof AIm-IJiiiii<x 
by J. K. Heercs, LL.I)., and " Olwervivtions nu 
<'oni|mKM on Titsinan'N Voyage," by Dr. W. \'a 
Aiust<TdAni, IHIM. Fred< 

This sitmptiioiia volume contains a complete 

Taslnall'a ioliriiul in the Hitiriin Areliii-na wifK an 1 



July 15, 1899.] 



LITKRATniK. 



but Mimiration for th<tMlitiri|; mwl priiitini; nf t>ii>t;re«t >i>l<iiii« ; 
hut onn oaiitiim mny l« uMifiil, A inar« (;»iitli<iiii>til]r iritofMt iti 
th«> hintory nf iix|p|i.nitii.ii will not U< of iiiiu-h mltantAK" *" «••" 
rcAilor. Tliix work in omi (or aiixnialiaU, ami lioim l.nt ai^clal- 
JKtN wrjll lirxl it imny to it|i|ir«< iat« tli« roiiuiKifiUrito of t'rntomttr 
Htt«riiM unit l)r. Van Mniiiiiinloii 'nm formxr t'«|KM:ii»lly woiilil 
tinrdly lmv« iniflfriKl from u n oro luriil nnil onlerly troatiiioiit. 
Wt) ar«i oftoii l.«\t iltlnriMJ l.y tli<i iliiicii-naity nf ilxtall, tin. iiitri.«ry 
of tho uoiitrovxriial uliil l>i)ilio(;rai>)ii(%l mattiT. nixl tli« BlMwiim 
of that rioar outlining of tln> ■uhjcrt u* a wlioln wlij.li Kmrw-li 
Hrliolnrafii|i linnlly «vitr fnila to i^'ivn iia. Hut wi' hatn liern th« 
moat a'ln4|UHt<i n|i|>uratua «.n>r jjivrn ua for tfif atuily o( Taamaii'a 
Kfoat iliiH-oviTixa, ami for thia w<i cannot Ui t<Mi thankful. Par- 
ticularly tixftilli'nt i« th« pn-aofit troatiiii'nt of thn I>utch in 
KorinoBo and .liipau, ami ttm aunuuin^; up of '■ What thn Ihit<h 
know iil><)ut tliK South I.amI in IM'J " •« will aa t)i» '■ Oi-iwral 
vi«w of tho Conipuny'a |lho I»utcli K.I Co.] iMwItion in thn 
K»»t.' Kor aonm tinii', notalily in tho laat thrc«' yrnra. th» utmoat 
rino hna U'cn ilovotinl to aoitrchinK tlm l>i:toh colonial arrhivea at 
thti Tlu^iie. uiid to )ixaniininK all oIImt nuthontir aoun-oa : th« 
ri'Nult of tbia inimi'Uao mul wtll (llrcrtixl latMiur ia tho tirat aatia- 
fiictory cilition of thi< ilooumontn relating; to tho iliMOTory of ihn 
fifth part of tho world. 

Tho carto^rnphicul pitrt of thiawork rlracrvoa clom- attontion, 
nnd Rhoidd Im< atudiftl in connoxion nitli nn oarliir puMication 
of tho aanu' eniinoiit luuiao " >{4>uiurknl'li< Mupa, IVrta M., HI., 
tho Orofjrupliy of Auatralia »« di lim-atod l>y tho I)utih carto- 
f;raphorN of tho XV'IF. contury," ixliteil by Mr. C. H. Coolo of 
tho Hritiah Muaouni. 



PHILOLOGY. 



The Law of Thumeynen and Havet. Hv Lionel 

Horton-Smlth, M.A., Hui i i.sloi-at-Iwiw, Inl.' S. hohu- of SI. 
.lohn'N Coll)'^)-. Ciiiuliriiltri-. Kfprint«l fr<un tin- A inrrirtiii 
Jotirmil of l'hilol)tf/i/. IIJxDin., xiv. t ItIK pp. ('iiniliriilK*', 
IHiXi. Macmlllan. 

Tlie aiippoBod phoni'tic law of chanco in Italic diulo<'ta, which 
tluH I'aaiiy clainia " to oatahliah and to oxtond," in thiia atattxl l<y 
Mr. Hoilon-Suiitli : — 

In the coiuso i>f tho third crntiuv r. < . amnns the iipp<r 
rlnNeoR (Imt not Itcforo tho boninninj; of tho third rt'ntury ii.i . 
anioni; tho lower clnawa', in con»o<|ni'nco of Tory o|>i'n pro- 
nunciation of <i b-fnro I', (1) priniitivo Latin 'Vr- (proMtrvini; 
Indo - (iormiinic "), Ucamo <}r- ; ('2). priniitivo Ij\tin •>r- 
(prosorving Id^. •!) l>o<anio lir- : and iH) primitive Latin 
diphtlionj; on bocanio the diphthnn)- <i>i on it.a way to tha 
later t>, fi. 

for {D Mr. Horton-Sniith riti'.n (union;; <^tlior I'Xumploa) tlu- 
wcnls lurii.i, with which i.s comimnxl ...itmi, a country trrm uikhI 
by Rniiiua for the " hollow " of tho tirnmuicnt, \'iigir» ••rli 
.oitiTrii, (Jri'ck icoiXoj" nofiXot ; /Hirfu from nn aaanmwl ) rimilivo 
Latin /x'uv", (In'ok wrtxai- irroifa> ; hint, from a.a.aiiino I priniitivo 
Latin /'"■re, Greek \ottj- \ofiu ; fiirilln and /uiv... from amiiinio<) 
jirimitive Latin forms /i>ii7/<i and/imo. '*ii.«, »hooi>, ia a!>.«uni«<<l 
to havo liooomo .7riji, whence iimni ahoep pra«« a doubtful 
interpretation- while /x-i' i-kh^ii, •Iri.t, bird, "moat probubly 
comes from earlier Latin •'•ris, bird." Why, wc may a.ak, excpt 
for the sake of provin;; tho " law " of phonetic change for which 
it id citeil ? Mr. Horton-Sniith's adiui.-'iiioiia in tho text, and in 
a very Inn^j note, uro sutticient eviih nco that the ca.ae ia at boat 
<'Xtroniely donlitful, even for this mo-at | robably <'»t«bliahe.l 
ificfidii of the ao-ukllod " law." There in, we admit, conaidornble 



cit«ia lottr ni|i{>«nl ti>*t*.^«« /.•■,, j..i^«.., , *• 
only Ui rti)Mrt iIhi ftr«t thrcn •« alitu •! r«naibl; > '. 

rarlttfT (>r ( l<t|{. ■), l.«»t l^nMtlrllig |i||> , wltiU Iht . 

of th« foorth la •• • mallrr ■■! trKrvtiw uurartAitit; , t 
" i"*t |>««d>l<< tKat It nuy ij» an >tatfl|<l« •■! tks •'Ix 
diactlaaloti." To the otililury nutvl it ». ubl aovlu •« 
tho fai-« of titnt* a<lniiaali.«ta, thvrB aaa hafill; y<;t 

• llarua«i->ti, and that iti rvgaftl I., thia |«rto^iUr |.Ka»< 
ralloil ■■ law ' «« am m Ih* t^i.ii •.( I'-ire htii'tlwata 

• l-MilA, <i ;•.>/.>> |<..b*ld« that if -« laaawl iiit.< .». 
bsctiio .ir, litil aa yot thota (• tf nuta^ial (or iwlttrl 
Itahing thia rhaiiK* •• a ph'M>*tir law In thai lt«U laof 

Ttto ttivory Itwt <••• di|4it)win((. fm»»ine intu ■* ^ u 



f ffttittU 



■Infill, «/r<"«Mj(. la itarK tti* rrvtilt 



\. _V *M 



Al A Al- _ 



• hani;'' from a |«imitivo •"> la |>fol abln •t.ouKb. t 
aa y«'t "' tatal'ttati"! ' by iiMliHto-n Irooi anjr «• 
niiiidM r of inataiura T>iia itrin o( T>iuni«,>a*ti <■ 
" Uw " haa a •|«<'ial iiitrraat aa t«-*rin|i <i|«t> t> 
totinriion Ix'lafH'ii th< l^tln txg>liTt> Jk.iMun rUaa 
A.IK-/, h.iut) n„.\ ll,. <;,«), .». to -hlfh Mr II 
d<'\oti<« an up|>'it<lit ..f twiiity |>ai,-sa Of tba lht«» 
hiKid, hilut, oalabllahtil. aa Mr ll"rt"l>..>>lnith alx a 
otidtuice of ina<'rt|>tiona. M.HH , aiwl (;raniroaria»*, t 
no doubt that A-m ia moat priinittTe , -./ I-I| l«iii|; a 
aihlition |i«rha|>a laa * '..raaaiit t)i<>u|,'ht ) akin to the 
111'/', Ac. Hut to i..uni^-t A.I" with ai. aiwl lic.i., 
Tliuimya€in and Havi.t'a " I*«," it la narraaikry to aa.. 
inorii piiinitiTo Latin form n", (..r whi.h tlxr* la 
little ■•vidiuice, anil then to a<'>«utit f.T the uUliti" 
winch (anya Mr. Ilortoii-Sniitli) " tari."ia aiplana 
U'cn olfi' <.<1 ; but none aioiua lontinrlni*." A< ua 
aaaumptiun a* a w. rkin;; hyi-othiaia, >lr HoTton-.Smil 
that Latin (■••. (ik. oi. may )« rvfrrrtal tn a cufnin 
from Idg. .'11 from Idg root ^'7Z " tu fail, to (• 
which apiwara |N'rha|« in i^k inr, •rv^i, aa<l in Lai 

rr'j«itiM4, r4l.iu.<, ,V,'. 

Ill nil thi« tlnre i* nothing unaiieiitifK' ; on IIm <- 
ia tho prixt-aa by whiih a cn-at ib-al of •ci*titif><- Irul 
;,'raduully eatabliah.d. U't> do not diapiit* Mr M.'rt' 
iiioth.Ml, nor many of the facta whirh hm MDploji 
gliully Uuir ti'atunoiiy to lua a<'lH>!arly iiuiitht Al 
wiah to |M>ii.t out la tl at, valiiabU' aa la hia rontf 
the atiidy of the •■ Law of Tliuni*) x-ii alwl llawt.' 
amounta to tho " extabliahment " of tliat law Tl 
rohool of philologiata rightly inaiat u|4>ii th* grwat i 
of phonetic luwa, to tho i>|a'rHtion of which, in ronjui 
anali'k'y- ^'>ey attrdmto all phonetic chant;o. Ilat tJ 
gatioTi of phonetic Uua involrra f)uil« aa much a«»i 
|irimitivo phonetic forma, a« <lid tho " rr-a|w«cb» ' 
Inilo-grrnmnic language infemil by hehh-ichar a»»l 
logiita of hia tim<<. -Xiiil though aaaiimptlon la oftMi i 
pio.oT'a in the aearch for a«'ii-ntitic arKnmcnt. load 
aciintihc coiicluaion, it i< wi-ll to U-ar in miral tliat a 
rapa-cially in ita eurly ttigi-a, ia nrt i/.«' intio ar-.-uf 
Horton-^mith ii<'l|« ua vory much to iimloratAtKl tb 
Thuriioya<'n and Harot." an<l wp think that bo a<li 
atago further towanla gi-ncrai ai-i-eiHanoe 



l*AI.Ar..«TR», I'lTKRal . Ill ^f.ri I X I. TiXtl 

nuiTi.HrR iMi Kr«til lai HR^ I'in:oirv<iii. •.liie.l hy 
an 1 K. Schmi.lt. I Tn» Uiaror (>t. ».t <• S<-hUi<: 
.Mayer an-l Mullrr. P markal. ia tin- tirrt .<( a arn** • f 
only text.a. which aro to 1« |To«lure«l Yy \hr |.Mpil» 



LITERATURE. 



[Jub 



wnay hi* «U* " viUi mjrkell ptiiM." Tho U>ijr ooiumltwi th* 
prior, ako fkuf Uw alM4>tar biui mxI toUi Ut« braUin-n til about 
it. TWn h« »iui oUmt auialart tit's. " Um toiio ni;tiiit«r of 
gaooaattn. l)k> loliMr of |>tulu«i>|ih>," c<>ii*ult«>l tbo i»«\Mr. H«, 
tevUug UmU Uujr'* gkurt iru uo( U> Iw tritWI with. Rot two 
luu»ilr»>l io«i> kfm*! (r\>iu tup t.> Um. aixl tb«y all ««rB •Itrivsii 
eWlk M^l h*Mtl M*M villi sx*^t >)«Ti>ti»ii, uhI Uivii the };b»«t w-aa 
ilttavi««*i A Mri«» of i)u««ti<<it* «a* a<Uln>«*wl t • tb« Khort, 
•bo tel>t ibotn a inval tlt>*l aln-ut purg4t<ir)r. aixl itrutfatir 
JokuuM* tiv>l>jr arxttv il all ilovn Tbi* b*p|Mii<<<i in IX£\. The 
•oOkMtot U iul«r««Uti2 aa vvi.U-iiou for |H>|iulur Ix'livf* uf llu< 
partMkl. ThaMP w» tiowi not gu into, but ooiitvnt oursdvva witb 
l«MaiB<-t»Uiif lb* book to *tu<luiita of Kngliah. Wv bo}M< nioro 
ol Um •vrioa •ill attoa •{<;«ar : Uh' tiUi<a look iiitoruatiiiQ. 



OTHER 



NEW 

— -♦- — 



BOOKS. 



M*aT. (Ji BB.X or S.x»T-.. «lit«>il hy Rolwrt S lUit (Nutt, 2a.), 
(B tii<> a«o<ixl xoluiiio of tlie " Scottish Hiiitory from Coii- 
lanporanr \Vrn*T« " Sori<«» It i-oiiaist^ of oxtraota from En;:lisli, 
Rpuiith. aiHl VviM>tiaii St«t<< |wi|>oni. aiui tlia works of auoh 
hiat*>riaii* a* Biu'iiaiuiii. Knux. ami I^nloy, with briof explanatory 
•otet. It >)>oiiUl be intarmtin^ to o\ory one, and inialitablv to 
Ikoaa who are making a i|iecial atiuly of the |K>rioil. whether in 
of«iar to (MM an pxaniinatitin or for any otlior purpose. One 
ikKniniant— V<>*>*n M»r>'« a|>|M«l to the Popo for spiritual 
fcculli**— IS h«r« ]irint4>«l for tbo first time from a MS. at Blair's 
Coll»^-« ; aiktl Ihu Itiair's portrait of Mary Stuart is also 
rvpro>luo«<l 

Por« Leo XIII. by .liiliun d<> Narfon (('ha|imaii ami Hall, 
7a. 6d t. ia ovitWntly a book wTittvn by a Konian Catliolii- for 
Roman Catliolica. It contains no criticism, but a certain amount 
of banDlcaa an* -dote, aiiil sjieaks of thu attention of th(> Vir^jin 
Manr to tht- prayura of the faithful a« a matter well within the 
domain of the pat^blislxxl fact, (hi tlio other liand, when we 
coat* to pUcaa wh«r« Uia i<<<> ia thin, we find tlie writ«r Hkiitin^ 
round it rather ili*n over it. Thw story, for example, of financial 
■cAiulal. which fiirurad ao ]>rominently in M. /Coin's l)Ook, onlv 



l«o«i*<Fa 



a r«aual |iaaaiii,; mention ; anil there is no critical 



Munination of the l>a(ial attittule towards the I>r<-yfi:s affair. 
thoutfh, in riew of tlie iitterancea. on thn 8i<lo of injustice, of 
•uch prominent Rom«nista aa Kmni^ois (.'op|M^ and the Pere du 
Lac. and »i»ch influcntinl roli^jioua organs aa L<i ('roij-, this 
mmUmr ia worth clearins "p- It ia at le.-iat as important aa the 
introduction of Iha electric liyht into the Vnticjin—n subject 
vhich (tirt tiie author t«> eloquence concerning tlie way in which 
lb* Church " rvwlilr adapu it* external oxistonue to the di»- 
oorariea of modem science." The Ixjok. in short. thou;,'h not 
tmraaikhia, is inadequate. The translation is creditably 
•tmcvUd by Mr. « A Raper. 

In Kn biu IS Kokmun Litmatirk (Duckworth. 5s.) Mias 
▼irKinia M. Crawfonl hiia coUectml some lulminible miif(axinu 
MticU'*. wbicfa tlid goo^l service, when they first ap|iear<!(l, as 
iiartmctire criticiama of forei|;ii authors who hn4l re»'ently come 
into notice. W« arc ioclini'l to think, however. th:it tliusv eaaays 
will |*OTe to liavit Buffen-*! soniewbat sin.e they were writt«-n by 
Ibe iocreoawi acqiijiiiitin.-e of Uie rewling public with their 
■•bjarta. TurgottufT, Dau.1.4. M;u»turlinck. I) Annunzio, Sienki*- 
wi««. aad TolMoi, tlwnka to the inrtuence of time an<l the 
aat«tf|nae of pubiitbers, are hoiuu-boM n-irnxj with us now, and 
we l«ok for dMp oriticiain rUht^r Uun for eUbr^ate aailvaes of 



whaA aucb writMta aa UujnawM. 
D'Aunuujiio utv MOat igoahuliatio auil must 
most appnciaUia aiid baat intar|ireta thuiu ; 
very happily in duuioiiatratiiig to the urtUnat^ 
bei-oa myatic all Uia life witliout kiiuwiug it. V 
oxcullont apprt<ciatiuii uf M. Huyauiaiia' aiibt 
tra^Mliea of apiritual life, and uf Uie esquiait«< p 
an> MTittvtu Mia* Cmwfunl hua the two great ii 
hur own opinions, and of ux|)rusailig them chNirl, 
ilooa not always agriM' witli b«r. Thiia, wu ha 
view that it ia as a caricaturist r»tliur tlt»n 
cbaractur that Ali<houae Uaudet is must suooeaa 
by virtue of the IVoveuyal stories rather thai 
" mu-urs |*risieniiua " that hu will live ; y 
Crmwfunl writing " Tartarin aur les A1|xih 1 
able to accompliob." AHain, we li^reu in gunt 
taken of the ducaduiice of French litoraturu, wi 
tliat Cyrano de UurKuruc in a ruc«pitulatiun uf all 
the French drama from its incupliou ruthor tli 
new dawn in French drauAtic writing, but tin 
Miss Cruwfortl's verdict that it ia merely the trim 
tlie triumph uf tlie ;«t>ui<-/4« in Cy'"'"' t'I'at has 
IH>iiularity of that play. Ami when she writes, 
admit that they found it t^-dioiia on the stiip 
reply, at the riak of an iia|)eraion on one'a chori 
that th«a<' honest peot>lu would have lioeu mui 
bad also u(huitte<l tliat they did not underst 
then only, in our opinion, could Cyrano prove Ui 
are small |K)inta. Kven if the profoaaeil stu<l« 
not find in t1:eae csaaya much that is new in fiur 
the reiulor who is anxious to a4'(piire a cortuiti 
the qualities of the varioua uuthora reviewed 
CrawfonI a safe and an intereating guide. 

Tlio study of the very latoat dovolopnie 
London criminal, given bjr Mr. Rook in the se 
inciilents which hu calls Tuk Huoliuan Niuhth 
6s.). is not only amusiu)> but of no small so<'iolo 
book in neither fiction uur, we appreheinl, qui 
every iuciduut liears the mark of truth, and tin 
and iiliroKBology the latter given in the ornaU 
of mean streets err if anything on the side 
The motif of the hero uf tlie book is explained i 
owrn — " Look "ere," he skid, " if you see a fing y 
go and take itwivout any 'anging abart." You 
thinjfs he wanta, aiul be almost always not* tliM 
his way of life is that, unlike the honest worker, 
ancos to keep up. although, iis Mr. Rook says, h< 
his diaap|>oarancos. Roughly sjioaking, the uutl 
his hero bos been tliut of the interviewer, or what 
call 8|)ecial commissioner : ho has gone ilown int< 
Hooligans dwell anil gainoil the conlideniw 
number, laid liare his heart without dis<;losing hi 
the strange laws of his philosophy, slid generally 
The " Young Alf " of these atoriea was the 
tJiis proi-esii, and the result gives us so vivid a | 
and nature tliat the end may lie coiisideru<l tc 
means. 

Incidentally, we have many scanos from a Wi 
late liuun much drawn upon by the novelist 
Lumbuth-walk. Of the female comjMinions of tl 
Rook says : " Woman in Lambuth-walk, aa > 
her influence into the right scale. t)he uama h 



July 15, 1899.] 



LITERATURE. 



tiMii •*» qnitu llu9 nuntrsry. Oiui o( tim tiuait •uumiuk • lM|>iairii mi 
" 'I'hii liuri;lar null tlm lUby," in whioli Yuuuk Alf oiUuviM 
liiiiiMilf frotii a ti(;lit |>l»<'« in a brilliiint nMiiiwr. " llilly tlw 
Siiitln " ia 11 u<»>il |>lctur<i of artful uiul liuinurotia «r*)r« 
" HiiUtMit Eiu|il<iyiiiiint," niul wlutt tim ■.■oi>«t*)>ti> Miy« alxl 
wliitt tliiTK IH to b» Uk'ul •Unit oiiLrtablm, sUow Mr. Itooli'* 
iivuliinl •yiiiiwtliy with tliu liKlilor iiuxyb of Uu> HimjIiuuis. TIui 
vuliiiiin ia llluatriklMl by a coluurnii ilntwinK liy Mr Willuini 
Nii:liulmiii of «lmt Imi oiiwiilBr* a yo'in;; aad iin|a<iiitMit iiooliKMi 
■hoiiUI Ui. Of till* tY|M' Mr. Ilitok «rrit«* : 

Tlix itviTii^^ii H<»>liuBii la Hot all i|.'ii<>rniit, hiilkin;; rtillUn, 
bti«tl<i-browi«l iuiil biilliit-liii»<l>Kl. H« i> a iiriiiliK-t of tli>< 
lioaril lulioul, writoa a fair tutml, ainl i» i|iiiuk a* aritbnuilii- 
llia ty|H< of fai'o approatlK'a ii'itri-r the rtt timri tin- biilMo^ , 
hn la niTVoiia, lii^lily-atriiii^, nliiioat ni<iir<itii' 

Mr. Nu'IioIhoii woiiIiI ii««ni to kimw b'tt^r, for hia ilravin;; Kiv«« 
till' Mooli^'nn tlio pliVNii'ttl ilinriu'toriiitii-a wlmli thi' author iK'nii-a 
him. Yoiiii^ Alf, wii art' iiasiiri"! I>y Mr. Hook, ia a ri<xtl |i<>rtr>it. 
Aa wit)) iill |Mirtruita of imy iiKTit, ttii' iirtiat h la IiiiI|>mI lii«*itt>'r ; 
tii« wunia iin< oftni tin- iit'tiul worila of tliia an<'iiil Fjiaii, l>iit tin- 
voii^x ia tli« voii-ii of tli>> litoniry nrtiat. Alf iippi'iini ita n 
lirllliitnt itrntu^iat without it a'niph', ii non-iiioml nn<t totally 
htMloiiiatii- proiltict of city life, hut th<' anit of Mr. Kook'a 
hiiiiinur knepa him awcet. Tho hook in full of <|U'iiiit i'ommi<ntii 
lind toui'ha* of fumy, hiia ii diatinit valnu ua an aiithro|iolo;'ti'ul 
itoiumunt, auil ia ii purfitct gulU iniim iia u ropoaitory uf Cockiitiy 
lin((o. 

The conqueat of Auctntlia, though lackin){ Uin ({taniiiur of 
Diitrtial inciilontttho ovorthrotv of fouilal tyranny, or ti>« many oli>- 
monts of human roniani-n which inrxxt the atorini of northam 
coiintriPH.ynt fiirniahoa in tho lioroic Ktru);i;l»!< of it«»arly cxplorttrit 
aDouf;h to juatify tho titlw which Mr. Kirtli Scott liiix choauii for liia 

)>Ook,TllK RoM,\N<K OK Al'NTIl.VLIA.N K.XPLOEATIoN (.Snm|IHOn Low. 

tta.). Tlu< hanlahiiMi of oxploration throu);li ilroiiry.watorluiut waxttta, 
under n hurniii); aun. tho Imrriurx prcaonted l>y dill' ami junelo, 
mountain ami awnmp. tho continual diui;;i>r from an aboriKinal 
riico, to whom n " white follow " »e<>me(l nn incarnation from 
acme othor world, are fuattirea of a xtory which a(ipplie.t incidnntn 
aa thrilling; in heroiam aa any rwonled by th« real iatic or romantic 
hiatorian of KurojMi. The rapid umw th of niatorinl and oft<-i) 
aonlid civilir.ation in thorn titiw coiintrioM f^ivim a a|>e<'ial charm to 
tho record of the waiulorin^a of a nohio liand uf pioncera who 
Holvod tho (geography and foiindml tho pru.-ent aottlomcnta of 
Atixtralia. Mr. Kirth Scott hna prodiioo<l n really romantic and 
fascinntin;; voliimo. 

Uoginnin); witli Oxlcy'.s exploration of the Lachlan and 
M«c<)unric rivor.s and Hiimo'a dimuveiy of the .Muriay, aiilwo- 
<|uoiitly ratified by tho heroic Stiirt. ho deaorilw.i the aolutioii 
of the problem of tho Darling river bv Mitchell. Thia diwovery 
pot an end to the myth of the central inland aea which, like all 
extravagant dreiima, diod hard. Then we have Kyn»'s famoii.t 
journey acro.ia the ISight, the daring anrvey of the west coa-st of 
WoHtrnlia by Sir (Jeorge (then Captain) Ur.'y, the grand old man, 
aa he wan nrt'ectionately termeil. of the Soiitheni Memiaphere, 
who has .so recently pa.tficd away, the brilliant achievements ami 
tragic fate.H of Leiclmrdt in the north, ami liiirke and WilN 
through the centre, and the not lea.s daring, if more aiiccewful, 
trikiiscontinental journey of McDowall Stuart, which IimI to the 
tMitablialiment of the overland telegraph route from Adelaide to 
Port Darwin. Not the luiuit int<>r«'ating portiona of the lHH>k ar<< 
tho incid<-ntnl n^foroncoa to tlu> character of the native trilwa. 
Though often treachen)U.M, greedy, cannilml, and hoatih-, tliey 
prewnt fine exiimpIeM of bravery and fidelity —such aa the blark 
chief who .itoiMl uiidaunti'<l Ix-fon- Sir (It-orge (Jn-y after under- 



bimI '* Th* Laat tttmgfi " to Kjrr»'a jfmnmf. mtm ssol. 

(mt MMiTv pirturaa of llw> IMtKva, ihmit •unt'Uiiallti^ kul 
wuukl Im»p ltBl|aMl Ui" ^tfiiU Mcsunia of I'^-u • 
M:«tU«n| lliri<U||t> lim liuuk Ms bato ••« C'«i|«Ult>l U 
til" gtu>a»i» ul lu«et.ar*<-y, b<it Uu> aulliof b^a iMrai.ox 
atiiall«at ralarviuiB lu ajiy of bu aiiuri ■• ul u>!<>«i<wa(iu 
ul (nlaralH'wi uu^bt csrtaltity lu im aibkal I" Ibe to^al m\> 

Thu Ai"! •!. or TMc Hani«H M> n«a<i «t An«r«»'i< 
Ta fkl ) U out narty lliia ynar.aiitl tl ollit% • axtiKrvttat k 
rt<|atat tlun iiaiut fur tlm ((i^x^al itmiU^ ll axV i^-xe • 
yirt |Krli«|i> It ia wiirth all tlui mofo aa • • iMitifx- rcmfil 
thrm |u|»>ra ilmarrOai tb« nS<-«<rall<itM In Mclaa l.>klti( •! 
when' lb« laat Aiintutl l"ft ■•ff fhMi or !••• ti«|»<t«i>t i 
Inxm rowie, ai'iiaatlottAl lixImKl f<ir lb«< airha-oLif i*| • 
remaina of il«^'i>ra(«^l aiul |«klntr«l wall ftt"i*««, » 

deaiglia, flom Otl*^ of tlt«i pre 'Myrfy1t4-«ti avrttlrflwrffitt 1 

<liMii|{n of flyinft flah, aiwl m.iri. rfnMrkab!x •till |»rt ■.'■ 
figure Tho oth-T diaroiri^tT w«» "hil will hrtiwIwtK 
aa the Fi>bertii4ii V,>ar< Thia bnloiigv (o lh« UUmt t~ 
i.' , that c«lb»l Mycofiifan . but II ia of luiliri' worh 
fnmi the Ihirtl ■•{>ich b.-f.FTe iH^ flor>| „f Ikiiij;* ' 
Myceiiir," or rather, mvle out of Mn\-m. hilint rial< 
The fiahi'ra hiivi< hul g'a'l lurk <->«<'k hoUU in mrb Hand 
atniggliiig hall by the tail , they baik fintr<' .-Tr>a(ur««, ll 
and are iiaki-<l but for a bon rlolh lluii'lrKla of 
tliouaanda of |Nilaher<la bavi. lira-n foutnl, uiiiiil«rr«(iiij( 
aolvea, but im|K>rtaiit aa forming a lua^a (or fUli^ 
infereiiroa. Some material, lo-i. hia l>mti f.iuiwl for <) 
of the (tret'k lioiiae : and a large numbxr »f th ^o 'px^ 
now ctlliil .Kgeaii aigtii may help t<iii«r<li kdriiij; tb< 
of the Cri'tjiii or Mycenn-aii arriiit Tlie a~-Ti< <■( i 
iiii|><>rtaiice of Meloa liaa alao \tnt\ found out TU« laL 
niuiiufiuTtury f^ir tiM>la and w>a|iuoa uf •liwidiali 

IVof. .1. (• (' AiubTauii writiai of a bmr in Aai* M 
giveau fvw unpiibliahutl iiia< riptiuna ile tbriMva »iroe d 
on Manliiia' march, mul on tlui iiaHinpliua (otinula- ■M'' 
ChriatiiUi faith .Mr ('rowfo<il, who trarulU*! w.th Mr .' 
givi-a not'« un Imt ■ AiitttolKUi Ait ,\ fvw typical otn,*! 
skiit4ih«al. iind un iu:i't>unt givitn of Ibe anon'fit rburcb 
(pluii and elevation h th*' ancient KmluXLaa !.<»■( rijox 
.Mackeiuie, with a alioit |u|nt d^acitfaing thn Mi««libi 
Kephuloa, a fiahing villain at the axtrvfn^ly of Ciia Ho < 
that the pUc«>« ualletl latliBioa and Aaty|«l«>« in iKe .b< 
are tile aame pliic<' If .Mr Macki^aie (uuuil l.t'.le m 
waa to \»> eX|M-i-t4«l. There la not m'lrh abi>ro (roi 
an oxcuption^dly ignorant Kai»m»kan thw»it« tb- 
wbunover he can. eap«cially if h- U- Kii|{luh 

The work of the achiwl atdl cuittnuaa In b<> cr 
aunt of (iiniU Meloa hail tu l>^ left at the bkM •sciI 
for thia r<'itM>n Tlie iiK-ome from auli*mpt'una la H 
i.'WO a yiHtr. and umongat tlie tvantt* «• tnt» tata* who 
mun, but no niillionairua Ami wIhww an iW lM*ii maat 
•ee only two tuaul BI:Ult«ni of |Hiblic achnoU A atraw al 
the wind blowa : ami one may Iw pvmnttnl to wimkI 
ia tliat tluaH<. tlio only rich nwo la the acboUatw |a 
ai>«m to ciue DOtliing (or reauarch or acholatibip 

Rwulera of Prof. Tylor'a • Anlhrop^d.igT " wdl rii>« 
ir.gi>nini» aui:iC<^tion that the mn(tem liarp i> drwrviMiail 
the ancient l>»w-»ha|i«»l harp of tb«< KcTptian n>»nam* 
tho South Afri<-an " nui«ic-l>ow with gounl r-a-oalor 
■ Itimatt) am-Aatiir Mr. Henry Italfour. who >a curat 
Pitt-Hivep» i-olliHtion at <>x(onl, in ahich irimil^re 



42 



LITERATURE. 



[Jul, 



fraai th* MNBMMW bow only in twini: ot alighUr conaUtirtion utd 
Im> tciwviy nrai^. It M h«l<l in thr o|«ti mvaUi, wbirh M>rt-w 
M • f— onator. ■nd pluckol or •truck »ith > ihort pliok, the 
l«i^:tk of tiw r«w>nant |«>rtion, ■■»( conH«|ueati.v tho pitch of 
tbv bo(M. twine rPV^iUtni ly thr f)np-r mmI thumb of th« l«ft 
kuMl. The too* of thi* iwimitivv in*trum«nt, t)i<m{:h almost 
ia»«talible to th« l-v*(An>lrr, i» <U»tii>rtly \wmTri by the |»rforin»r, 
•ad inuM<mlly-tli*|<o»nl ura^i* will »oM»«Himi'» r»'fr<-»h thom- 
•nirM by atmrnmini: on it for houn tosftb»r An im|>ni\-«il 
tyfw. aTkiUbU (tw ptvfomuuirv (.•forw »n »ii«lirnrt', i» | rtiducwi 
by •ubalituting fi* tbr mouth. «• » rreoimlor, • triim-aUsl gouni, 
or • thin vc^rl of potUTy or nwtAl, tiirough which tho t>o« is 
fwl Thu •t|«<<irnt Diturally li-a<l« to loopint* up thi> 
■(ring to the bow, at tht> |ioiiit wht-rv thv gounl it 
jJacvti, M a* to liiTxU it into two n-*onant loiigth*, 
••rh of which luw thr Ix-nrlit of th« rpnonator, ami can 
b» TarirtI at will aa to it* fun<Unit-nUl (itch, wl.iU> the capacity 
(ormvlodic ranation by pinchin;; tho itring* with thv thumb aiul 
ingvr ia iloublrd. The niiliini'Utary and iniprovwl forma of the 
•• mutic-bow ■■ a-T iliui>trat<<<l by Mr. Halfour in »ixty-«ne »oo<1- 
nita. a<xx>mp«nie<l by (Icat-riptioni i-vincing much ethnologic 
leaming ; ami we ahall await with intereat the aeconil inatalmeitt 
t>f hi* work, in which he pro|>o*e» to traoi) the development of 
the higher atrin^eti mitruii)ent« from Xho very aimple one here 
•aaoBted aa tlieir ano-ator. An clantio string or atringa, a more 
or laea rigid frame on which they are stretched, and a reaonator 
of aome kind, are the conatituenta of all stringed instruments, 
eTea the most advanoxl. All theao are certainly fonnd in tho 
African " miMic-bow " : and if Mr. Halfour can satisfactorily 
connrct it with the inteimftlmte ty|><-s foiiml on aiicii-iit 
■Kwumenta. he will have rvndurwl an im|x)rtant service iKith to 
■laaical archirology ami to ethnology. 

it is long since we have met with smh an t'Xcellent example 
of pop«ilar Bcieare literature as that jnut given us in ("i kiohitikk 
09 Light a>d SuiHT, by Sholfonl Bidwell. F.R.S.. with fifty 
illostrmtions (Swan SonnenMhein. 2*. Oil.). Theie is not a 
ilnll or an obscure page in the whole l>ook, and the niinieroiis 
■speriments <le»crib«l are at oih'o instructive ami genuinely easy 
to perform. Moat <<f them reciuire nothing more than some rard- 
bo«rd. some Indian ink, a pair of lom] asses, a pair of stissors, a 
brass bre<leil picture nail, and a little i«tirnt persistence. 

The author devolAs his first chapter to a lucid and acxnirate 
account of the natiiie of light and of its percipient organ, the 
eye. In the four remaining chspters he deals siiciensively with 
colour ami its perception, the various optical ilefe. ts of the eye, 
ofitical illusions, and many other curiosities of vision, every- 
where enhaming the interest of his siibje<-t by elm idaUiry expcri- 
mvats ami apt obferxat ic ns on the practical bearing of tho 
untrustworthy nature of our sinse of sight. The author is at 
ipvet pwins to pcint out ami drive homo to the iiiinda nf hia 
raaileni that in striit B«-curm<y " light has no iiinrf existt'nie in 
Mrtiire outside a living b<Mly than the flavour of onions has ; 
both are nw-rvly s<-nsations." All that the snn doos is to 
radiate PT>ergy in the form of iimlulationn in the ether : whether 
this energy is convett«l into light, heat, or ihi-mical a<tinn is 
Mainly a <|i:eetion of the nature of the n<('eiving appamtiia, 
boman eye, human skin, or tube of silver chloride. Like 
Hetmltolti. the anth<jr has a [oor opinion of the human eye. 

In any fairly goo<l taiueia or toleatope or micriMMope we 
should eiiHt-t to fiml that the lcn«-s wen- symiiietrirally 
tfunxl, free from strise ami jir<'|erly centn-d ; also that they 
•at* aihrotnatic and eflii iently correctoti for spherical 
aberration. In the eye m<t one uf these elementar)' reiiuiia- 

__<,^. I- J..ICII_I 



least of the oomponaationa for our defectivi 
before ua in tliu aliape of " Curioaitiee of Light 

Kbmimisokncks uf a PaorsasioNAL Politi 
(New Century l^reas, '2:), is a book not very wul 
badly illustrated, containing some papors n 
.Vric iValwry Reririr. Theae stories of a Politi 
nothing very new or startling, nor anything s< 
but they are well strung togetlier, and c»i 
rocommendetl to while plaatantly away an 
railway journey. 

Mr. .1. W. Kout's The Rritihh Wbht Isdi 
IsDi'NTKY (Koot, 3a. M. n.) it a forcible pam[ 
and well infonnuti, on a aubject which ia likulj 
to interest a large public. The autlior ia in fa 
vailing duties." 

Mr. Harry Fumiss hat to long boon an aci 
lK>tli as a black and white artist and n writer, t 
t4i say how ]KH>r and unsatisfying his latest 1 
Skktchrs, Madk on Tovh (Ward LtH'k, 2a. M. 
The tourist chroniclfss tho small lieerof his com 
and sketches, in his well-known " curly " m 
portent |ier«oiji he meets. The result woulil iiu 
a magazine such aa is FOmotiiiies | ulilifhrnl o 
steamer, but judged by land stamlards it is 
depressing. The wit may bo judged by the f 
"'Ihe dead-lieat and the inillioiiaire have, 11 
comnKin -|»articularly the millionaire." But 
of Mr. Kumiss' Imok which is straightforwpwrd 1 
the two chapters dealing with "Racing in . 
value and of consi<lerabl« intt-n-st to thoae whc 
an improvement in the management of Knglisl 

It is but rarely that it year imsses without 
already formidable array of chess manuals. M 
his Modkhn Chkks Pkimek (Koiitlodge, 2s.). m< 
claim to originality, snd has devoted himsel 
providing beginners witli a clear and lucid 
rudimenta of the game. An excellent feature ii 
cha])ters ia the large number of diagrams, whicl 
help the young player to grasp the exac^t mean 
technical terms and the powers and limitati 
In a chapter dealing with chess ir»\m and 
Cunniiigton has introdiice<l a welcome inm 
collected a number of interesting ))ositiuns tlia 
actual play. Another chapter la devote<l to 
hiui l>een " nail aii<l saiictiono<l " by Mr. .laii 
our greatest living players. As fur us it goes 
this important branch nf the game is soiiik 
something like five-and-thirty o]K-iiiiiga are des 
pages, it may be queationt-d whether such a u 
be of any practical uv* t<i a iM-ginner. A seled 
games, ihostly by re<ogiiiKe<t masters, follow 
annotated with s|itH-iul reference to the re<|uii 
|i!ayeis. The latter part of the book, i ontaii 
their solution, and a history anil bibliogia 
|)erlia]ia outside the siiheie of a" piimer. " 
concliules his book with the Hrititli ihess > 
given ill rsiriito. 

Another volume in the same seritai, DoMiNo 
(Routledge, 2s.). is intende<l to meet the recji 
who prefer to take their amusements lea* teri 
Hotfmann, who is reaiaintible for tlie secti 
doiiiinues, gives an admirable description of 
that find most favour in our city caf^s and r 
game ia illiistratid by diagrams and suppleme 
hints and suggestions. The author has also lat 
of thoM' mthiisinstic plavcrs who iiinv <>< cusioiial 



Jnly 15, 1899.] 



LITKKATrHE. 



DEATH. 



Ik l>eath a Horror wliiUi of fl<<alili<k« luno 
(iraapill^' it xickln ill Ilia rrilfl lialMl ' 
A frnr.t'ii Viii'iMi witli unitii|>n««ioiii'<l ryu 
MotiiMilima tircMiiliii); on a nlikilowy ttiroixi .' 
All uiirioliMl Aii|{<'l |Hiinliii|; to thi< ■kimi' 
A WkiideriiiK uritnUi of formlian in]r»t*ri>'a 
Nil iiiiml can iiiiil<'r>taii<i ,' 

Not thi'nn ; nay, imiKi of ttixix ; 

Hut olitt with KKIitle v\vn that nit* aloiio 

III silver i>hnilow wmathin^' iih'<'|>|>o|'|iiii« 

With I'ttriiKKt iii^'htiihitili' ItoWKra, 

Ami itiii;;iii|^ evuniioro in "lyiiiK lone, 

Whih> from th« world |>ul« |iil|{rliii*, one by oiip, 

Toward Iiit Klido, and, •i^jhin^', lay tl.nm ilown 

Whoru in tli" holy ilii»l« of cyinKiiii howvr* 

Ari< iiioiMii rool and dii«|i : 

Itoiind ovrry hrow rIik windii ii |io| |iy rrowii, 

And uvfry cyo nho cloai'ii with u kiim : 

Thiiii drowiHid they nwuoii into uni'inlint; iil)'<'|> ; 

lint slut nin^a on, und what iiho ^111^11 m thm ; 

" O y<i that linger in th«> g<trii>h li^ht, 
And tnmt in lio|>e tliat lii'ii of Kurthly Mian, 
Then nci'k for comfort nht-ro no coinfort in, 
Hnt only <lrv, iiii| laiablo difitrrna, 
Wondor iiiid wi>i'piii^-, Nhaiiit' und nake<liii<aa, — 
Why fitltdf on the lioiindii of aiKithin^ ni),'ht, 
And frar to i-omt my alc4'|'-|*iniin(linK kiim!' 
Sli'pp in »o lioinitifiil to nj{id cyca 
Dim with iivr|ivtutil ti'kfs 
And tirwl with yoiuning at tin- lonely skip* ; 
Infinite ailini'e no iK'ni);!! to enrii 
DikKod with the lon^, Ion); wail of auppliant litanie*. 

" And thou whose ciirlii iin» »till bright, vir^tin pold, 
Whoae li|w are full of noiip, O thou whoae t yen 
Ronard the world with hcniitifnl nurpriiw-, 
Como hithur orv the grudmtl ]H'ony 
Of mornini; leuve thix- I'old ; 
Come ere the hnlihlin^ fount of love he dry 
Which clothi'N the pliaaitiit meadf and laughing )>owerii 
Of thy young aoiil with j^rishaMo tlowera ; 
Come ere the moon 1 o jKiwcrlesn to make 
For tliee her silent nilvern melody ; 
And ere the rose 

Wither from Henuty's cheek, and pamdise 
IVicay in Heanty'» eyes ; — 
O Youth, come hither, hither come mid take. 
Here in these dreumh ss huiints of old r«|'o»e, 
Kounties diviner far than love and joy : 
The |ierfect sleep which nothing can annke. 
The utter |K'a.e which nothing can deatroy,"' 

IUIM)I,K HESIKR 



Hmono in\i Boohs. 

— ♦ — 

•'HANSARD." 
'* Let me tfll you how to pet on in the Honse of 
Oomnions," said Disraeli to the late ."^ir .lohn I*o|>«' 



I Am not a inrmlirr of ttir IIoum< uf < on 
aifi ikH rvrn n |i»liliciali. Kut, tal.rtKrt tt l<r t 
liii-lilary .'^naion, <>r ihr l*Biluiiitriil«ry i(r 
(avMuntr tomff in my rluh Itlmty i» jiwt I' 

riiWa <ti ahrlvr* on wlilrll ntf ntll(.'r<l. III armr*! 

voliitnr* — yj'.i in nmiilwr <»( ■• 'Pir I'aili 
lliatory" »ii<l " Tlir l'8rll«inrfila»y I»rf«tr. " ' 
known aa " llanaaril "t, rofitainin;; a • ontinuou' 
hrokrn rr« ord of llit* |>r< cr^tliiitfa of I'arluiitK-r. t 
Norinan < oii<|ttr*t, in MMjIi, t<> ttir t-tui of !)>•• 
\HliH; and my Cavouritr. i^utimp i* ;,'oini; ll>r 
iiininmotli Work. I i-mriiii>t lay that t)i<^«p Ion 
voltimt^ in M>ml>rr l>in<lin;;a art* outvar<llr inviti 
ey«>. TIh'V liav*-, ill Iriilh, a fiin«Tr«l aaiirf't, wl 
n|i|>«*iir aini^nUrly a|i|iro|>riat<> Ut ttiiiw who mi 
rei»nril " llnnantil " n» n vaal nrrroj*dta of ilnai 
(lehntea, of est iiit't Party war irir«, ofthrrrjrtj 
forgotten ]iolilii'mna. It wikiIiI MN-m, alM>, a* if 1 
lilaillliil the illa|io«ition of the Imik* in thi* rit 
ii«iiiiiiie<l that "llanaanl" wituhl Im- ••■Ulom ■ 
The volume!. nr«' not eiwiy of 8ii-^«». To grt at 
niU''t cliiiih n alipjM'ry laiMer. in fmr and trrn. 
it aliould colla|iM-. And. indr«-«l, 1 rarely noli- 
the fre«|Uei)ter!< of the lihrary di]i|iin{; into t).- 
'• ilaii^nrd," ^nw an cxld jo!irnnli»t ••urehiin' for 
of the |«K).in(; of aoiiie Art, or the numlara in 
diviKion, with which to till a blank in a le«<iinK 
n London l.<-tter |Arat,'ra|di : or an odd mrm! 
lloii.«e of ('oinmonx hiintinf; (or a happy quo 
add jioint to the argument of the ajieech he 
to contrihiite to nn iiii|rendin^ dehate •! 
silcceeil in cnt<'hing the Sp-aker'a eye. If y 
tln'fe fanual con?<iiUer« i.f "Han-ani" you will 
turn iiimieiliately to the end of the vulum<' ii 
I'DiisiiIt the index. It ia only within i-om|*initiv< 
yenni that *• llanaard ** Imc hern ei|uip|irf| with 
indirei, K) that if the Vfdume rrfermi to i« old Ii 
to contain only a liat of name'-, with a row of tig 
each, aflbrtlin;; no due whatever to the c»>nt»' 
hnttled thiix in their i|iie>t for a date or a |«mi 
o<'rasioiial delver* for a chunk of (art in the 
'• llaniiani" throw the volume on the ahelf vith 
of im|iatienc)-. Kut if the index haii enabled 
Ux-ate the fac-t they are aeekin^;, they i|uirkly 1 
the hmve* of the volume in a hurry to j»et to th 
never, by any cham-e. linperinj; Itnin(»ly oti the w 
having found it, they -cribhle a note on a pi»'>'»' 
|>ut l<nck the volume attain, and haatily di««p|<eai 
It is not my habit to ran«ack •• Hanaani " 
I>erfunctory fa>hion. I take »lown a volume at i 
the date «|oe« not matter, provide«l it i» before 
I lH>)»an to take an inten-st in current p<ditic» — a 
fullv blowing oft' the iluat whiih ha* a<-i-umulatrc 



44 



LITERATURE. 



[July 



iostrootioo and enUirtAiuiufnt-^iuuri* fxiunpli<«< a( ii-R:;<sly 
mm! imivie, at liutnour auii |«tlio»>. of lii>|tc» (ru«Uitt*<<l, of 
DoU* anbitioiMt Knuidlr nwliiod. of tiuatMi wcwkut>»i< Mad 
bsniMi |««>iao. of tbt> tu«niUr^ an<t vniiiUt^ i>f umii. of 
tlte narmw \ir«» of mmut. <>I tli<* cxaltwi »>|iin»tioiiK of 
otbcn— Uian tbi» r^xird of tl>«> dt>\wloptn<*nt of tb« 
tio%-»min«nt of thic rolm l>y Parliiiiu«»nt. niui of tli<> final 
vonl in tb<* M>luti<>n of ihr polai<-al iirubleniii uf nine 
CMitohw. We vitiifMi in theat* volumeii the };radual 
hroadening otit of |M)|>ular ri^hU nnd liberties, and the 
itaady )>ru|'mi» of let;ii>lation teiidinc to p<>neriil ha]i]>ine88 
and aot-ial veH-being. We Mf ho« the |iolitii-al hen<9«ieii 
of ooe peoeratiun become the |>oliticAl ooiiiinon])lac«!i of 
tW next : hov the Ikadu-al id««l of one I'lirliotnent bei-uine» 
tlie Conaervative | njtn^innie of it* Huci-esnor. We al«o we 
the leM inopiring, but the no let^K intereMting working-out 
•f the dual I'arty cyiitein, upon which our Parliainentary 
Uovemment in baaol. in the utruggle at close quarterK 
between the " in!> " in tbe »uuohine of posMesiiion and the 
** out* " in the i>haiie(i of (>p|M)sitioa ; and ai^ we r<>ad the«e 
Mtimated and ofleo angry dt'bateti wt> cannot fail to notice 
tbe paramount influence of Party loyalty in the tendency 
of our Representatives to reganl all i|Ue«tions from the 
point of view of Party, independently of intellectual 
ooovirtion. 

It i* to William t'obbett that the cre<lit of inaugurat- 
iag thin uiui|ue ret-onl of our Parliamentary hi>tory and 
proceedingii ii> due. In 180:^ he began the publication of 
hi* tainou* De«-*|ia|jer, ('uh(>Ht'» Wfrkli^ Political lieijigUr ; 
and two year* later, struck by the inadecpiacy of 
the existing reports of the procee<lings in Parliament, 
which he rightly declared reflected very little credit on 
the nation, he brought out compilation* of the current 
debate* a* *upplements to the Rfgistn-. In the second 
jrear the re|)ort> were issued .sejwrately under the title of 
"Cobbetf* Parliamentary DelMtei*." The work of com- 
piling the debateo from the current newi<pa|>er re|iortt^ — 
with the ooca*ional aiu>i*tance of manufcript* of 8]ieecheti 
from Member* — wa* done by .John Wright, the t-ub-editor 
of the Hftfislfr, a man whose name desene* to be at 
lea«t a* eminently associated with the publication of our 
Parliamentary proce«*<ling* a* the name* of Cobltett and 
liaQaard. A few year» l)efore, Wright was a publisher and 
bookaeller in Piccadilly, hi* failure in 1801 being due, 
according to Cobbett. Jiartly to bis taking "more delight 
ia reading Itook* than in selling them," and jmrtly to "the 
misfortune of l)eing bookseller to anti-jacohin*, by whose 
work*, though such a puffing was made over them, he lost 
many hundred* of jtounds." The Anti-Jucubin, of which 
George Canning an<l William (iifford were the leading 
spirit*, wa*. in fiut, jHiblisheci by NN'right at hi* shop, 
"No. 16». o|>po*ite Old liond-street, Picca<lilly.'' 

In 1806 the idea of a Parliamentary work of still 



it,u\. 



AMTinniktAafl 



I fr, 



«)■.> furtiU >• 



of Parliamentary history. It was coiniii 
journals of Iwth Houses of Parliament, fro 
by I'ommoners and Peers, from Constitution 
histories, froni private MSS. colle<'tions in t 
nnd in the Hritish Museum, and from the t 
supplied by the new*iiapeF8 and mafa: 
eighteenth century. dee|Mte the fMinsand ]>ei 
tines or imprisonment in the Tower or > 
which Parliament visite«l any breach of the 
sacred pnv«H»dings. 

Tiie " Debates *' and the "History" w« 
T. Curson Hansanl, eldest son of Luke Han 
printer of the journals of the l{ou«ei< of Pi 
1809 the printing of the U'twt/.v I'olitioa 
also transferred to Hansard, with imixirtai 
on the fate of the " Debates." liefore a yi' 
Hansard had a most unpleaiiant ex|>erieuc< 
attending even the printing of a political i 
than a century ago. The (rovemment 
prosecution tor seditious libel against Cobl>et 
in respect of an article severely condemn! i 
the army, which appeared in the Rrtflstet 
result, the etiitor was sentenced to two years' 
and a fine of one thousand |)Ounds, and the [ 
years' imiirisonment. Cobbett, finding Iiimi 
raise the money to |iay the fine, held, while 
investigation into his business affairs. Wi 
descril)e<l in the S>Uiriiit in 1809 as "the; 
corrects Cobbett's bad English, edits his ' 
History,' brushes his coat, puils liim in cof 
delwtting shops, and doe* all his dirty work 
sible also for the management of the corai 
Cobbett's various publications. There w 
stock-taking or balancing of accounls. 
Cobbett wanted ten, twenty, or one hundr 
asked Wright for it; and in tliis hand-to- 
the business wa* conducted until the failure 
produce on the demand of Cobbett in the nsi 
thousand jwunds' fine in 1810. It was thei 
result of the inquiry that, while the lieij 
" Parliamentary History," the " Parliament 
and the "State Trials'' (another of Coblx 
ventures) were produced at an enormous 
in the circumstances was glad to transf* 
in the three latter publications to Hansan 
went over with them to the new proprietor, 
later, in 1818, Cobbett attacked Wright in i 
with chanicteristic virulence of language- 
une<junlled in the annals of intamy" by 
l)een " foully robl>e<l " for years. The inc 
affairs in 1810 showed, he said, that the acco 
kejrt by Wright " in such a state that the 
could not unravel them." "There is ni} 



July 15. 18D{>.] 



LITEIUTURE. 



of that, iii.v iJvnr uhtKI, uiiiJ vuu will alwuy* kM> an buii*-«t 
man.' " Hut Wrt|;lit hroutjlit nn ntrtuNi fur lilwl •i;aiii>t 
iUMMt, nnri jjot n viTilirt for i.l,«HM). In a<|i|iti<>n 
to liix McrvicfM to I'luiittiMfntitry liintory, for wliirli In* it 
Mutitlcd to [)*> i'muii^uiImm'ihI wttli ;;rulituJ«', tlii< •<ri>iti- 
liliHJied niiui nUo wmtt* n luniiiuir uf tli«< l{i|{lit Hon. 
Williiini l{unkiHiu)n, ttit< xtalfKumn itn<l finttnfia*r, wlio «n« 
killfd by II joi'ittnotivc rnj^iiii- iit tli»« o|i<<niii(,' «>f tli«" 
Liv*'r|MKil nn<l ^IHn^lll«^t•■^ HiiiUity in IMUO, uicl a««i*t<-<l 
Julm Wii«un Crokt^r in tlif |>ri>|>arnLi<>n «i tli*- w*<ll-kitut*n 
tHlition of liuMwi<irit Joliuitun. lt<- duil in lfi-14. 

('ol)lmtt'H nmiif wax f<liniiiiati'<l from t\\t- titl«^|in|»f uf 
the " I'lirliuincntary HiKtDry " fnmi N'ol. 10, |iiiIi1ii1umI in 
1811! ; and tli*-uc«', to the concluding; vuluux' (N'ol. ll<i), 
whicli su|i|ili»Hl, in IH^O, tlif lunt couiitK'tiii(( link lN<tWM*n 
tlif " History " and tlu> •' l)id)«t»»M," tli«' wtirk wmt i'«IUm| 
"The FarliHnicntnry lliiitory of Knijiand." In tli«* ca»v of 
the " Dt'lmtett," Hansard in \H\'J Iwul new titlf-|>«;;«-ii 
priuted fur ull tlie vuluiuex uliich liuil up|M-ar*-d, oinittiii(; 
(loblx'tt'rt name, deMcribin^ the work iik "The i'urlia- 
nientary Debated," anil ntntinj; that they were " |>ul>lii<h>-<l 
under the HujH'rinteiidenie of T. ('. Hansard." It wn.- not 
until 18:il> that the title *■ HauMird'.s I'arliuinentary 
Debate. " tinit appi-ared. j^,„.„ ^p;,, .Ma. DONAiiH. 
(To Ih> coiitiiiii«d.| 



AN INCONVENIENCE OF HABIT. 



(Bv A. E. W. UA.>«ON.| 

Artluir Laiulalo won now mitticii-ntl.v w<>ll-l(ti»«'n to t)i<> 
onlinii>n in I'ortliinil-plikco to OHca|)e tlu<ir .•loUcitutioii.i. Lut it Iv 
Hkiil at onco, liowxvur, that hu ova I tlds raeouiiitiun to uothini; 
but the ru^uiurity of bi» a|>iH<»raiict> thi'rx ut une |>urti( iil^r tiiix*. 
Jii.st wlii'ii till) lirHt thin veil of Oitolx^r iliiHk ha4l fiillun anil th<> 
onhiuon worn thiukin); of li^htiii^ thuir lain|wi, they .'•nw hiin<li>ily 
wiilk from tlie iliniotion of Ko^<mt-Htr«>et to thi» one cornur. nml 
mm at ii ri;;ht uii^ln idoUK thi< one atrvut. On onch <lny of tlu> 
Iniit throe wvekit tlii<,v liuil neen him do thih : in fai-t. ever »in>'«> 
the straw hail Inien Hpreail on tbv roiulwiiv uf thi.-< stri'wt lH-fnri> 
the tenth hou.ve. Ami so fiiniilinr a fi^iiri' liud hi- Kr<i«n tn them 
that thtiy hud conui, in a roU)(h juKti&K way, whirhatill ■onieali'd 
Korauthiii); uf HyiiipiUhy. to Niecuhitu with each other from tl«> 
look of hia faou aa hu returned, iiiul from the matinor of hia walk, 
whothor to-<lny " alio uaa lieltor or waa worse '' 

Aa tlio straw, howvvxr, ttot morn auil moio trampltxl into a 
muddy )iui|>, Mui'h sieiuhitiona (iruw uiori' and mor» dirtiiiilt. 
For tlit< luihit of thcao daily visits unw to Lniuiale'a walk and 
attitude a aturouty|MMl and idmunt | vrfum tory air. Ho cunio ami 
wont IV8 a man <omus and ^ovs ai.out l-is iuk"!"'' husinvas. anil 
Uie few indications whi> h Ida lunniuir atfordiil |oiiit4d nut ao 
Diuuh to chaiit;ea in the di>V('lo|>iiii-iit of " her " inalaily aa to 
chan^^cs wrought in Lini l>y hal>it. For iiiatnn<t<, he no loii^'i<r 
quickunol hit* paco at tlie turning, aa in tlio tirst days hi> had U'on 
always apurrod to do hy a leaping fuar lest thomi li^htoil wiiMluu.i 
of the accond tlour should on thia ni^ht bo dark. It ii< true tictt 
hohtill i;lani't<<l up to the window. i, liut tln< i;l.in>-,> was uiuon.iciixia 
and meruly huldtual. A|:aiii, the pnasiiij; of a carrii»>{«> Imforv thf 

ilr\,\i. uttil t\iii n.^iuv ..liaftiir t\( itA lu'i'lltkilllLa nil liinnHr )kriklli*)i( 



clu<:k liiiiiW uut Uw h-MU ••< Uf. itm ilui mj( mimu I 
rtxxtlxt til" I'IiikI aiii^or aholi atnl I'lfniBtt) t<> ae^ 
•11 muiimt a^iixt » ■utU matiuii alUi a H»i dj a 
atioul il« biMiiwMi 

" Ho« la MU« Auuaurtii >" lu atk^l, •>«!, a 
nwU-ir uf •lattll. It •»« («irtiai« lfAUm»\4m IImI liaa •! 
Ulo l>4d oiMUl,'*! lu lattu Ouriit^ U>«> Af>( )"«ta., 
iMol the murn "a^ar |4ir>a", !• Mw« AiioxxtK IotIU 

l>l><) ol t)ui buraa* Llaan- nl lo "|«<i itae >U^j* 

aanaofod hitti (r*«aly, 

" Wilt y„u ' onia in, if jr<>u |il<ak«i > ' 

l,an<Ult> »lt<inm\ tutu Uf b-slt. aa^ liu> l>tM«a lamU 

" MiM Aiii'Vurtii auuld liko Ut »mm jrun 

" Hlwi la up. lli«t< '" 

' No '. aiwl Iha i^iiM aliK b lalloavl auS- ■•t.lly 
U|ititi tl>« Wor<l. Laii'UU li«iiail •{•iiMt Urn aail •A I 
without •|»'akiii,{ Ttw nuran, •« IbuOiCh lo (ir~ ki 
r*>'<>*ar hliuMill, aalkal tarjr sh>«l)r l>> Iba (•«< uf t>>c 
aa alowly awaii-lnl lltacn l4UvUla ■•« ywiuj, aivl tbi 
pity for hull Ma aa.*, Iioa^itar. aiuiply tbnikiti,^ 
■"UaKKn'olit liotaf«ni: J«iiii> aivl biiuaaU, alii-b im I 
■ci-iistoiu'ol to ri<,;ar>l •• a (.'.iittj otvtiluilli raTt«>a, < 
aa It waa, ba<l •>•• ■i(l«ii •>■ ix^rly )»• •■(»«' an a><<Mii| 
woiiM ii'iw ii«r«r I4.0IIM' <>!>• Vivl aitb thia lb->- 
liiitiil, he Mill half al>>u<l to himaalf •• b* futl<>*«l 
" It • funny, and a^ain, " it • (uimy 

Ull ru|a>aliiii; tiw iiiiitl»ri*l itbrsMi, \tow»t0t, ba 
with a fear l!i>t ttu' uufaa fmir at«;.a abme hini mi^bt 
it, and tba> fear ijiiickuiml liim t« (lorcaiirn Ita lii«p|'v 
and to woiidur why It" wax ii>>t mora couoioua of tbt 
Then hu rutooaihwra I th*t (afu/ln ara a|>t to >« atuiwi 
aud.Iiiii blow. Unly ht> ki;»» hliiuwlf t> Im> Hi compl'-ta 
of bi.i M'luHM. Ull th<- lint Uiidiii^ h« im-l Mra. Aiiiaa 
w.ia L-ona<:iou'> ttuit hIk' 'I'lk,* to liini, ainl ivrtain a<iO 
her to he a|iv.kkin.;, audi a< " the diictor cxiiaidlattoti 
- iiu ho|i>' iinU'sa. " Uut f»r tbo ni'>at |«rt hia att 
diatrji-teil hy thi' c.iiitraot lii-l««»'ii h«'r r.nnpM" aain 
hia in<>xpli<-ahle iii«<>ii»il>ility I'* (ha truth. Th« aiili 
hi>r ilatl^litor'n death w.ta writt*'ii. Iio aaw, unaiataki 
•yi'a, oil hnr fac, and waa hiMtril imniialitkaldy in i 
voii'u. Why ilid hi< nut ri<ttlij!,' it, t >■. h" Mka I tiiiuai 
know it a< «<'ll aa ahe 'lid ■ 

At the lio<l-room <loor on tb*' aai^-oixl Umliiii; ha 
tind an auawor. It waa j'lat tln' o|viiiii,; o( tlw du<>r ' 
it hiiu. ami tiie ipiia't laaaiii^ out o| tb« aa> oikI iiura< 
tliat he iiiid .Mi<^< .\inaw>>rth iniKht ba ahma. It a 
luiT'dy tho ai^^ht <>f hur, the iMl^-i-t o( bar praaattt «•• 
the r>'iii>>rahraiM>> of liar (oriuar wiKul titidity t-> 
undi'rataii'l. An<l he iuum^I for a aflomd on tha ti 
hraco himstdf for the coming abuck. 

After h>< hail ci<«a<'<l it Iw dnl not tUra tu \v>k I 
li»l. The moist aUiioa|ibtire uf • sick r^-^m anralofiai 
exai;^Mrat«<l hia notion of tlie cbaiiK* which aicktMaa i 
ill h<ir ap|jvanuir». Ho»«riir, her vuica aoicaow*! bt 
vnf)«>hl«,l and yet faoiiliAT aa ho hwl i»A ospxini it 
lie «ii« forcail to liHtk tltat «ay. All tluU !»«■»■ 
urcnta. all tliat ho waa coitacioua uf aaaiit^-. aaa a tani;! 
curia ahowiuK dark a^aiitat tho whit^ pilluw. ami 
frak'ila white fa^v. which, in ita torn, waa tb<> aattint: < 
oyoM niiiiaturally loatruua and iiunatunally \^f Hut i 
mot hio h« notmol a look of ap|wwl in thrni, an,l Xif 
tliiali*)!. and tliiahait inim>iliat<>ly . to ao clear a aoax 
skin aeemml to have tbinnoil to the tenuity of tiMuo ;• 

Obwiiunt tu tha aii^Kaatioii of her han<l Lan>i 

liimAolf ikii Uia ki^laiilo. fchiiiLiiiL* lK«* wKila of tli« alran 



46 



LITERATURE. 



[Jul] 



c«iiv«uti«<iMU |«>iitpiKM ill hia voie* which awuinkMl kiiigularljr 
wut of |4a<«>. 

" But I illii." »hm iiiatatail. " There wore othvr*, weren't 
tKrrv * aJwav* Other*, aiMl Still I iirver let y»ii p>. " Then (he 
iMMtJcal akiwii in tbr Iml, file tXMu|4UH-ttoii ilinl out »( htT voii^e, 
ami waa t«}>U(«>l hv • tone of «liii<«t •atiadit-tioii. " I waa tti 
•ufw of j^rti, \ou an-. \ou wore • xirt •>( ■oliil Ktnkiiii: ikx-ount. 
I knew tKmt I >x>ul<l alaa>« ilrww on you for kiixliieM." She 
heaitatnl »li;:htir ><ii thr Won), aixl finally tittenxl it in a iHite of 
•|ue*tton aa titou^h thrre aaa a la-tta'T wliirh i>h« hail not the right 
tu aae, but wiMiM claally take fium him. 

I^Amlale, howor«r, <liil imt r>-niark tho iiifl>'« tion, bi-iii); (till 
(K-w|>R«l with hi« inability to fi-el the jonitioii. Kor the (ipht of 
the |;irl h»l iH>t |<roliK-eal ita amaiteal t-tfivt, ami he folt aa if he 
waa (taUilin;: outaialo biiuM-lf, a thini aixl •ilcnt iwrtioiiiutor iit 
the int<T«ie«, litteniii^ t» the tao voiiv*. «ut<-hin); the two f«>x>( 
with a quit* (letaihe-t xhI im|a'i«<>nal int^-rt-tt. 

" It waa tiail," she •-ontinueil, " Ut-auac it hurt you so." 

" Hut yoa ili<ln't know that," lie r<<|i!i><<l. ■■ liesi<U>a, whkt 
>lo*« it matter ?" 

Her a bole >onft«aioti, in<U-««I, stnirk him aa (U|x'rfluous, for 
whili' Ih- rti-allnl ilcutrly cnou^'h tlie tiouble which (he hail cauawl 
him. he recalleil it only aa a fa<'t ileail aiwl ilone witli. Hu aliiioat 
womlertvl at it. 

" But I iliti kiHiw," she re|<(>atml, '* I iU<l know. I am 
afrmi<l I erfii fouixl a plaaauii- in the knowledge," hihI, seciii); 
I^ntlaJe about to interrtipt, " iloii't iontiii<H(-t xnv." she went 

• •n. " I am MI tireal," ami for Uio inomi-iit vhu iIomxI In-r ryes. 

IjkiHlale remainxl (ilent. He knew that thcie wa-x muoh 
whirh he (houM have raid, muiOi which woiilil lie<-onu> clear to 
him after he ha<l left thin loom, much which he would ever 
aftarwanls refpwi that he hail not said. Hut what it wa^ he 
txmhl IK* (leflne. The |»onwt Iwnalitie^ of Hym|iat)iy »eii> all 
that hia lips miiM frame, sihI he refraine I fmm speakiii-^ them. 
It was, in<toi'<t, as if hi« eiipomii^; iiiiom|>rrhcnsion to feel the 
<le*per pmotioiu hail eren sealed up the fouiit«ins of onliiiary pity. 

The girl openeal her eyes. " .And the strange thing in," hlie 
reaumeil. " that I re«!ly raiwl for you for all tliat time. You 

• lon't Iwlirve that ? Why should you ? Hut wlien you iiru ill 
»ome things stand ont in youi mind (jiiite suddenly ax true 
truth* which somehoa you hare minseit altogether tioforv." 

Certain rhymes alsiut the IK-vil l«iiig sick )«gan of a sudilcn 
to jingle throngh Landale's brain. .\ piano-organ in the street 
Iwlow a socoiid later alifn|itly flouiislKtl out the picluile to t)ie 
lataet march, an<l to the time of tliat m>irch the rhymes tMtgaii to 
•lanca, now qnickening to tlie k|s<«><I of the organ's irofM>ssi)ile 
trills, now seilately sti-pping to its n'.ea»uit«) lients. 

" I'll go dmni anil stop it," siiid Landale, living almost 
eacerly 

'• Xo." slie n'pliial, " don't go. I like it. They come l.ere 
•"•cause Ui" straw's down, but it's really latlier kind of them." 

I.,aii<lale seatwl himaelf again, listening inanely to the jingle 
of rhymss. He trie<l to drive them from his head : they 
wouhl tK» mote go than the organ-grinder in the street. He 
lookcil at tlie girl. Thete was again thi- apis-al in her eyes, but it 
I awuiiil to him now more urgent, more |«i>sioiiat4- than it ha4l be<-ii 
^•(ar*. The a|>peal catl<«l to him to s|ieak, uml his inability to 
oh*^ bermtne horrible to him. Ho was in soiid- way disap|iointing 
•'Xprrlation aiMl Iw wotilil iii-ver In- atili- to n-pair the oiiiissifni. 
I..atMla]e lookwl away in very shsmi-. and his t-yt-s fell uiion a 
little shoe which lay kirk»l lM-n<-ath a chair b«<siil« the ImmI. 
Hanlly kitovtng what be <lid lie picked it up, held it in his hand, 
tnrT»e<l it over. TIm- shoe was almost new, so tluit the arch of 
■ols bvtvmi the hea-1 and the ball r>f the foot was still whit<'. 



He bent forwaiils t<^iwanls her aa he spoke, 
out of hi( compunction. 8he sighwl as if in he 

" I was always sure of you," she suid v 
anil lifte<l her hand into his. 

•• Theie's alwsys a chance," he re|H-ated. 

" Not for me, and tlie worst of it is, Vy dj 
you i'Vt>r so much more trouble." 

Landale started back. But she wonldn't, 
spiang ii)> in his mind, sudden and c«-rtuiii. tt 
hiin ever ao much nioiv trouble. It would be 
fiieiid, it would b«> just the loss of a fiieixl 
vacantly in fioiit of him, Hiid understtHnl, gi 
to him, but actually in a ftw stcunds, how hII 
habit lm<l deceived him. The habit of const 
house had kept alive within him an Hitifli 
colll|lanion^hip. In the begiiiiiing he had genuin 
Habita of sp«t>ch, habits of muiiner towards 
ao<)uire<l when they expressed a genuine ftn-lii 
with him aft*-r the feeling they eSpiesstHi 
ti'inained to dixvive him. They were outwuixl 
lott their iiiwuitl gliue, aiitl luul lost it ilii) 
besides, there weie other habits habits even 
ha«] uccustoniMl himself to use tlie thought of 
to effort because originally such it had been. 

" If it wasn't for the trouble my death will 
bloke in insistently, "I don't think I sln.uhl 
and this remaik, too, was iviichid in uii siixioi 

Lundule noiicinl the Hiixiety, but not the 
not only himself whom liabit Imd deceived, bl 
anxiety of hers he could, at all events, relieve. 

" Then you ne<><ln't mind at all," he b 
of fear in her face brought him to a sto]). U 
on his convulsively, Hu ran tbiough in hia 
hiid suid to him since be hud eiitere<l the room 
her refK-tition of this senteni-e and tliut. " I waj 
she had said, snd had said it with satisfaction, 
nee<le«l to make yet more sure, or would the tr 
her of anxiety ? 

Landale debiitetl the (|nestion for a little, 
came to fancy that during this delwte he was 
of life and deatli. 

" Was it true ? " he naked. " Vou suid that 

" I cared for you ? Yea, that wiis true, 
neetln't mind." W'hat did you mean Y 

•' No, you neetin't mind," he answered, ma 
" because I have got more gootl from knov 
tiouble could lialiuice." 

H is judgment reject<«<l the wonls even win 
labelling them sentimental. But she ).>eiceive< 
falsity, and the little sigh of lelief which sh< 
him thut he had chosen tlie right answer. 

His oiK- fear now was that hu should 
( 'ons«K|aently he continued in the same strain, ] 
for fancies which had once come to him natunil 
an nnlour of expresfion to make them pass aa 
And all the timu he still aeeined to be standin 
noticing with a st-nse of irony the hollownei 
spoke and the credence witli whi<-h she act 
s|MK-ulating on the reversal in their position 
shadow of death su(iicf<l to bring about. At 
felt that she most needs be conscious of this thi 
was really himself, and then he plun( 
sentimentalities. 

" You SO'. whaU'Vcr happ<'ns," he ended 



July 15, 1899.] 



LITKRATIRE, 



Ijniulnlu ttiat thn tinitc of lilim wm fvliOK from Iwr elimka 
Wluiti tlio niimu iioftly (>[Hin<Ml tli« door I^mUtu put lit* liiit(nr 
til hia lip«. 

" Still in Ollllltip," III' wlliil|j<il<Ml. 

Till) nilixii niiiiMi-il til" riMiiii on ti|>t<>" 

" Aiili<i'|>," ulii' inii-fttiil in a tonu of woiuliiriuKiit, " ««l>o<|> '" 
A llioiltll littail' I<»riil>ili> Wii* f.irii tu fni'o WItli tlio fart tliiit 
Mini AinKHOitli wrnt ciiiivftti>«i'i'iit. Hlii< wit* •iim >>f him, l»i 
riiDiiiliiliiirml tliiit tin lntil ili'lilMiiitti'ly lial|wl to iiiitka )inr morn 
Hiini. He druw n coni'luvinn tliut tlm f>>niirttii>ii ••( \mUit» is • 
vi':e. 



"Wotcs. 



Mr. Siilimy l.iHi iiiKili' III! iiitiTKntid); liltli> a|MnM'li on Imlialf 
of th« Eli/ulwthiin Stuj-" >*iMi<>ty on MoniUjr. Tlio wx'inty 
cannot, unfortunuttily, pny itii wiiy. Itn lliiunr<'« iilw»y» nlmw n 
deficit (thin y««r it niimuiit.i to t'l7'>) whii-li lin« t" t* nmt hy th« 
(liiiMJtor, Mr. Willinin VniA. Tliin in ni>t »l «M iinti»f.ii-t"ry. ami 
thii momUirn nro Ruin); to try ami ninkn it i«'lf-»iip|iortink'. 
Fivo {lorfnriiiniircit a year only rimt f'JOO. Am tliiTi' imiI •ii'-iikIi 
piioplii intoroattHl in tlin enutt |><<rninni<nt ilrninii of thn |>a«t to 
proviilo thin nuni 'f At prent-nt tha aocii'ty hna only furty i>r 
fifty nuirolx'm. Tlio mlLtiTiptions, thornfori', ilo not k" far. 
It Riionila a i;ii<m1 ilral on coatiinioa (t<x> nincli, I>r. KiiniivnII 
thinlca), l>iit in othiT <lir»ctii>nn tho i'X|M<iiaoH an> not hitavy. 
Probably it would Ixi liottor if Mr. Pi>«l k<'t<t morn atriitly to 
the drnma of tlio Klir.nli«tliivn atnj'o. Miit tliia i« a nmttcr in 
which tho axptirinnci' of receipts ahoiilil Im his fpiiile. 

* • • « 

Mr. Leo is ni>t ono of those .stuilenta of Sliako.^poiiro nlm 
think tho pluys urn liottiT in the study tlinn in the theatre. He 
a|)oke Very fiivoiiriihly of the S.H'iety'« work in pre^ontini; phiyn 
thiit otherwise would !« neiiloi'toil iilt>i|TPtlior. :iml ho institutiil 
nithor an invidious i-omimrison hotween Mr. Swinburne ( whose 
I^ofi-iif was |;iven by Mr. Poi-l n few months ii;.'o> and Mr. I'intt'o. 
I>r. Funiivnll hud some Imnl tliinc< to sav nlxmt the ai-tor- 
mnnagor. Mr. Poel, fiillowing him, «({reod tlmt iictor-iiinninjers 
were bad for nrt. Hut ho amused his aiidiem-e by .inyini; that, if 
he were to become one, he should start with the liost intentions, 
but would soon find himself drivm into doinij just :is all the 
others did. /\iV/imi7 //..the play which t!)e Cumliridfjo L"ciil 
Kxiimination students Imvi- to " pet up," will lu> >;iviMi by tho 
Society in the iititiimn. They will nl.s.i jH-rform oni' of lli>n .bm- 
son's miuii|ue.s in Lineoln's-inn Hall : iiml the plnyx mnrkoil for 
early produrtion ineliide Tin- l.ixinl S<il)]r,l. Tlu- Kxiilit <>f tlf 
Hiii-niif/ Ventlr, KitzOoiald's version of Thi- Wn,„U,tr;,lii„i 
MtKfieiitn by Calderon, nnotlior of Mr. Swinburne's dramas, nnd 
a revival of Dr. Fnii.tfua. 

♦ ♦ » • 

Another intoresting plan there is in Mr. Poel's I'nterprising 
brain. This is t<> perform Ilnmlrl in-ooiilin;; to the Kir«t Quarto 
when Mr. lUinson gives it iit tho fiyreiim (us he did rceontly at 
Stratford-on-.Vvon') arconlinp to tho Sei-und Quarto, Quarto "J 
is, of course, with the first folio, tho prinripal iiiithority for tho 
accopte<l text of tho play. (Quarto I, whieli »»■< diseovorod in 
1821 in a shabby, ill-bound volume niuoni: a lilTxry of l>o<-ks 
that foil into the iMis.scssion of Sir Henry Hiinbiiry, i« 
generally allowetl to bo an oarly version of Sh.ikesixare's 
Hamlrt. To seo this version, which is only al>oiit half B'J lon>: as 
tho first form of tho play, plai'<>d upon the staije would U' v^ry 
interesting. 



im wntUti by l,oril l'h«rU« A K M»lU*i>y, mK, ■», t 
tiw moiIkI wmi ••( Urn IrtH. I»<ika>, ln>t oka. i«e*I1<i>* I<i ••) 
leithiiii; •lialainr to •!<> with |Im> aUiriM afvl 'akU ckI ■« 
hi* isrraoiuillly Moat |>ro(j*biy iii«|>itail Tha** ■D«i.>'..«r>i| 
not apiMMr V> hiitB tisati wnttMi •ilh • rf'Hi •|uill, txil tsi 
l<iaa, ttioy ar* ao •mall tl>»l <i«' "i" «l>o i> ivH \»'»mtm 
•n|0rlalMDly Koial o}r«*i^ht eutiUI |ajiMil>ly r^wl a lii» «iUa> 

aid of • )(laMi 

• • • • 
Tho rarllaat llu>liii.*rTi|>( !'■ l-oMit of d»t» i» M.lill—I " 

•lul Marii.a. a TaU, by U.f«l \\»ll«l«>y, ll»i l*niMrit* 
|4>«M-«iiii.- K»«.-t for a K'>"i><Utio<'. Piibli»l«"t ai*l K 
.Hnrjwtnt Trn« aiHl all ollwr lii><>kM>ll<>f« Iti itw <iUm 
Pans ' It I* ilatol tk-t 13. IKt). ai.l t* ■nllrt. <h 
ni<iaaiiriiii,' 3|iii by I|mi , tti» «K<ila 0t^iimm-\ if> • l.|>.' 
»rap|«<r U'aruiK Ui« iii*cri|4ioti " Punltail t'.\mitn r^la, • 
.1 W'aat, rhotiiiat aivl I>ru;,vitl. Koiisbt*) Tba ■-.ll. 

ill the |Cnfao'. " I wriita tin* in four hour*. ■tticli. 
must b« a retofl in lh« art of a«ift tmrr'^rMipunal ■ii|:i 
tliia story tli« .-rnat l><ikn ■.( Ualiii,.-t<>ii fij^orr* a« (ha " I 
Strathollnrray ami l^bly fll<i«*iiiKtoit a* " laaily 

Kllriii;,'ton 

• • • • 

Thn thn« r«maifiiiii; MK.'^ *r« etititlnl " Tbv tWt 
Lilly Hart, " " Arthoriana. or <>-l<U atxl Ki»U. a>»l " I 
Kvnnta, ' nrHt am datixl rmi|m-tn*ly NoVKinlvr 7. IKS. > 
Ii4<r -Jl), IKEI. and Afiril 3. IKMS In aarh iixUixw thx rha 
appear to ba inolelbil on well-known iiwin wbtala of ih^ >la 
'' Arthiiriaiia." tilaaa Town r«ap|>«ar«, b«it on this «rea 
plucwl in Africa ; a " King an<l Quran •>( Aaayria ' fi. 
" Paaaini' Kvonta. " thinly dis|;<d>inu William IV atwt 
Adolaido. while tho l>iika of CiimlMTlaml la ilnacribail iiihI 
name and title of •■ Hia (Jraoi Arthur Au.'it«t<ia A<lrta 
nnitini; " a fatuity, an imt«oilitr. obtnaK Itiitrh atniM 
i;ross croxollin.: va<-iiity." Ac Any im-w mlition of Mr* <•« 
bio^'ntphy shoiilil cmtain thn full tixt <-f th<«a maniaa 
uhii'li are im)>>rtaiit as showini; tha' •■arly atyla aiol ahili 
novolist who siilia<.<|ii<-iitly |»<rf ••-t<>' I both in a tnarknl . 
One of them " Th« Si-crot " • t> )a hail Mt this iiMMHi 
the buying;, and the otle'r thr».> wan* a<ild by aiirtiofi thm 
ago. and should Im' ■•usily traoxl 

a • * • 

A D-O'nt linntr inriib'nt remimla one tb>t. biap^'j 
tin- ii>ll<i-tor of a(itoin''>phs. th<' IitiT^«ry fofifrr i» tvot i 
a pi-rson of high intalligi-nn- In th*- .%'im -»».■., /A i 
for .Inly Sir .Xlgeriion \Vi.«t h«.« |Kibli*hnl an all<tr~4 
of Charlotte Hront'-. If iher" is om- cir>umatani<- 
|«ithetii- story of Haisorth P.irsnna^;" Ix'ttvr knn«n than ai 
it is that Kmily an<l Anne llr.intf la>(h dini bpforo 
more f.inious sisti-r. wh^'so father siirTivr«| hrr V« 
writer of this lottor, whi< h is tn-asiiml amoDi; a c<d1 
of aiitogra|>hs. »iv< n<-tually ignorant enough to itHnpa 
epistle in wliirh Charlott*' llrontj dvarritvs tW <l<«lh 
" |KN)r father." who |ia.as<i<l away "fall nf ailmanta. hi 
rounde<l by his dau|{ht<'ni." Th«' antithvaia. iwlaail. is I 
um-oniu-ioua humour, whieh inrlinns one to brlia^e th 
writ.T wjis ignorant of his real trtlants The<«i littio 
have always tavn »tumblinsd>lo<'ks m the ways of litvrary t'. 
The famous Sintonidna was first ex|<i>a>«l whvn it tarnni oi 
his viT>- anrient Homer, written iin lotua-b-aToa. rapr*«ia. 
the errata of Wollf "• than roeant o.lition So also hi* paJii 
historyof the Kings of Kgrpt.by rraniu*.bri»kadown i^nomit 
just U'^-nus" he had Dot t-iken the troublo to do room tha 
•.-rajio of Huii.««Mi and Le|«siii» rvrbalim into tJraak On" 
think that a man who ha<l tita brilliant id«« of rtwurm ting I 



48 



LITERATURE. 



[July 



of i^ooil faitli. rnforlunatf It. hin ci n tow wr i« iimmIIt in mi vveii 
laerf rhildlikr frame of miiM<. Thtw It«i»n<l rawllHIy tvll* u* 
th«t,«hvn h<<«{sb»<l to pn«l»ir» a cnrr««p>-n(4on(« l»tw««n Slmkt- 
■l««rr aixl Ix^nl ^(ithain|<tnn. bf> *' hati not tlio «mulli«t i-nnc«|>- 
ti«Mi " that anr aiitAicTuphi of Soattiainpton wi'iv in esiMx-nr*. 
■kwl »<> wrote th* P«t'» l«>tt«-r with hit l«(t hmul in ontrr to 
tliffnwatial* it from 8h«k«wpr«r«'* MH. : tJip oih) thinH i* that it 
(H-rurrtHl t*< n^Ual;' to look u|< « paniiim' it<it<'f:ra|>li of Soiitli- 
ain|4oii until M*1oim< vxploiliol t)M' «hol<' iiii|<««tur<'. The mitnDrr 
of ilet'-rtion of the forf:«il Shcllrv li-tter*. to wliioli Hrowning 
WTotr an intro<)actonr m»»y, (iimUrlv illii«tn>tiii thp i-art'lifiiiM* 
of ttw- artiTAiii' fi>r):tr Somo of thi- lottet* won- full <f p«T»on*l 
.WtaiU. which w«n- (•Urin^'ly iimr. urate thrKiiphout Rut what 
fitwt rrVf«le<l th« trtith waa thi« fact that oih> U'tter w»a taki-n 
>lir««t fiora an artirl.' of PalcraTi>'i in tho <,>"<"^"''' ■" how the 
writrr of th«- lftt«Tii c«n hare ho| ^l tlint thin woiiM not be roi-og- 
niml !• haril t<> ):i imh The >«ini> ovi-raiphtR (H<<-tir in otht-r 
I'tiutch** of thf foiprr'* art: for inntnnco.thtn- is the woll-knowji 
•tonr of the Rembran-M which Mr. Hoj>i', of Aniatenltin, boupht 
for ?.0(10 f^uineaa. anil which |>r>>vi<l to !»• painto<l on mahoffany 
—a «oo<l that ()i<l not i-xiirt in R(iro{-4> in Ki-mbrandt'a timr. It 
ii ma well for th<- ntuilcnt thut tlu' foip-r'a intclli^onca So (ift4'n 
ITOvea inforior to his atulacity. 

• • • • 

It i* to lie fi-arecl tliat the people who axk and f;ive the 
hiitheet |ci<-«Hi for liu-rai^ rolios are not always tJio bort ac- 
ijuaintMi with th.- aiithoni whom they ap|>ear to value »o highly. 
The iiuuinaori|it of Stevinaon'a " Markheim," nliich wa« sold 
for a (pxy) |>ric« laat week, haa been <)ili|;<-ntly advertiteil aa the 
orifrinal form of theconojition of •' I>r. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde." 
Thia lietraya a Tory im|<>rfect knowl«d)i« of Rtevcnson'it work. 
For om* thine, we twliere thiit " Miiikhoim " was ]>nlilii>he<1 
later than " Ih-. Jekyll." thoofrh in the Fam«-ye«r ; and although 
that doea nt^t f rore much a» to tlie relative date of comiM>Kitinn 
of the two thing*, it is at the least unlikely that so careful and 
oonaeiention* an artiat would hare been piilty of tlie error of 
(•irinil us the flower firnt and the Fee*! afterwanU. Stevenaon, 
h o weTwr, circa iia I otter ground in his own account of the 
f:«neaia of " fh-. Jekyll." He tvlln ua : - 

I ha<l lonp leen trying' to write a atory on thia anbject, 
to find a bc<ly. a ri-hicle. for that rtronp senac of roan'a <lou)ile 
beinc which must at timea come in u|ion an<l overwhelm the 
mind of ercry thinking creature. I hi«l oven written one, 
"The Travelling Companion," which waa retuniwl by an 
editor on the plea that it wait » work of poniua and indecent, 
and whi<-h I burned tho other day on the (rroinid thnt it was 
not a work of (reuiua, and that " Jekyll" had mi)>i>lanted it. 

The root idea of " I>r. Jekyll," of courae, ia nt least as old aa 
Plato's deacription of the twf> horaes yoked to the chariot of the 
•otil, and It ia only Sterenaim's handling of it that ia original 
with him. Curiously enough, one finds the same idea in tho 
work of a Tory different novelist, whi>so loss France is now- 
deploring : M. Cherbulier. gare his version of the double 
pereoitality in "Samuel Brohl tt C*" publisho*! in 1877. 
" Markheim '' really ileala with another view of " poor old 

humanitr." 

■ • » • • 

Copyright is » titj thorny subject, and tin the question of copy- 
right in new», alioiit which newsagenta and nowspapora have 
recantij )>een much concemni, we are |ierha|« not calletl on to 
exprnai an opinion. Tlie Select Conimittei' of the Houae of Lords 
ha* be«n taking evidetice on the subject and haa gathered the 
rivwB of the Newapajier Society expreeswl thr< ugh their <-n<-rgetic 
aecratary, Mr. Whorlow, who ia strongly opfaieed to any copyright 
in news. An amusing illnatration of tho ilippery nature of the 



that we have not at pnvent iioticei) this b 
contended by the plaintitfa, crntaina re|Mirt« 
Tunrt witliout authority »r acknowledgment, 
ptotokt from Lord Kusebery hiiiiaelf. 

• • • 

In tlM> Allnniif Monthltj for this month Mr. 
Fxrueaa, tlie editor of the New Variorum SluU 
progreea, hua a leameii article on the aiAircee of 
A<io iifcotit MMhiiiii. Aa Mr. litie put* it in hialif 
"the brilliant an<l a]>irit«il ooniedy of Beiimliok i 
of the blundering wat.'liinen Dogberry and ^ 
original." The i|ueation with which Mr. Furin 
the aource o( tho ftory of Horn antl Claudio. 
tho ni< st [vtrt divided iH'twoen two possible kou 
Kindellu triinalated into French by lUdle Foreat 
in thetblandti Furioso ttirotigh Sir John Hiiriiig 
Mr. Furnesa is strongly in favour of Itandu 
lo%'o story in ArioKt4i and in Shakea|>earo th 
coincideiico thun tho banal incitlent uf a aorvat 
s<<lf aa hor inittresa. llaiulbllo'a story, on tl 
almost exactly aimilar to that of Horn and Cluii 

• • ♦ 

We have received fn>m Sydney the pioc« 
meeting of the Library ABso<-iation of Australai< 
of tho im|K-rs are of purely technical or loc 
appeal to a wider public. Mr. K. D. lioya, for ' 
account of the travelling libraries which are w 
feature of the literary life beneath tho Southert 
ua of H curious anticipation of the syatom' 
1750 : — 

It waa called a revolving library, be 
librarv was to revolvu among the piiraonagoa 
This library has kept revolving ever siiiot 
experiences is perhaps worthy of mention. I 
a new arrival found it in the garret of his pat 
■town on tho floor like a load of coal," wi 
dopoaited bv the wife of a former clergyman, 
considered ^>oks " iinhealtliy from u sanits 
and would not t<ilorat<> their proxence in any 1 
« « ♦ 

Another very readable pajier ia that in whii 
Warden of Trinity College, Molboumo, diacusi 
tions of librarians, upvopat of a competition to 
of tho kind in an imjiortiint town in the north i 

There were 160 applicants. Their occupu 
the most vario<l deacription. In many caHcs 
on which they relied wore of a very extraoi 
One had )>een a confe<-tioner, another a 
Among them were a iniasionary, an auct 
aergeant, and a l>ar-man. Another candidate 
groat deal, and aaiil he waa accustomed to tJ 
men, and, as those were more diflicult to mi 
he felt Buro ho would sucA-ed. Another roli 
that ho ha<l ai«nt five yeara in Africa. A ger 
from Yorkahire frankly a<lmilted that ha co 
Irish language, but that, as ho had been ii 
tioople of tho town spoke " broken Knglish,' 
Le coulfi make himself umlersttMxl by the visit 

One conjoctures that none of tlieeo candidatoa ( 

• • « 

An exhibition of much interest to Egyptian 
oiH-ned at L'nivoraity College, Gower-strwt. on 
will remain open until July 21Hh. Tho iintt 
mostly from Prof. Flinders Petrio's excavation 
village atxiut twenty miles to the north of Uel 
bank of the Nili-. Singularly few insiriptiona 
but thoir absence is fully coiiiponsatod for I 



July 15, 1899.] 



LITERATURE. 



Anothxr R|>y|ttnlo(riciil diIIim tioti haa j i*l lim-n on v ti « at 
Uui room* of tlui Soi'irty of Aiiti<|ii)trii •, Hiirlin|;ton Hi>M*r *\i , 
» ni'liM'tioii from the vtry iiii|Mirt«iit |ii)>)ii uri<l acilii|>iitli« foinul 
by MtinNr*. (iriiifill utnl Hunt tluriiiK '''" 1***^ '** y*'an Tim 
Iit4irary luipyi i 4'xliil'it'<l wiri' viry ntimrltalili- T)i«y iiuIimImI a 
|>o<'iii itttril>iit<«l to Sa|i|ilii),»rltt«<ii tii Uin .iU>i\'- ilUln-t, l*i< tr»ii- 
rnt'iit* of K<>|ihii<'li<ii' " <Kili|ii» Tyrnnniia " (twisty littrai.kntl lift)- 
oiiK liiii'H frmii Mi'iiaiiilirit " Slii.rii I.aily ' of l)ir> lirat or larly 
HtnoiiiLrKiitiiry A.l> NiiiiKToiiii Ira^iiii titm of TliiuiilitU*. Airman, 
KiiripiilKN. Plato, Hi'ro<lotii<<. I>i niontlu m*. >^rni'|>lion, antl a 
vnry lino tliirtl <'i'ntiii'y i-opy uf llumir'a llikil V , i.n llu: rr.d, ul 
wliii'li la n i-iinoiis |>«<titi<>ii ■ i<ni •,riiin^ Um rit(l>la of ruarrirtl 
womi'ii. AmonK tlio S<'ri|itiirnl |>u|>yri wttv tlx' now fainoita f4iK'*' 
of tim " Saying;* of iiir Lo-il," fra|;in<'nta of Ht Mattlunr • 
(}<iN]M<l, ami wliiit ii tlioii^ht to Ix' a M'lioollioy '■ >"|>y. arrittifi 
atioiit :i'JU .\.i>., uf pirl i>f >t I'aiil • K|.ixtl<i to tli» Koman* 
Aniiin({ thii li<|{iil ami oltirial iliHiiim uta wiro a iiirioua " Ihtlara- 
tion liy nn Kg^-adli'T," tlalxl UiiT a.i>., ^ivinK a ilnlanUion on 
oath iwl<lri<«»«Ml to tli« logiatca l>y Aiirpliiia N'llua, by whirh iw 
boiinil IniiiKi'lf to ai'll i-imn only in tlio pnl>lir inarkfd : ttx' 
ntliiiiil rt'imrt of an intfrvii-w iM'twccn thi' Kin(i<r(ir < '••inniixliK 
unil Appiunim, an ci-nia^'iftratu of Al>'Xan<lriik anil anti-S< mitK- 
a);itHtor, who hail lux-n i'Oi)(li'innf«t to (Icath ; ami niumTom 
t'Urionn iloiiinii'nta of MM'inl inti-n-st. Hotui> of thfin' papyri lia»i' 
Ix't'D piibliahiKl in a voliiino for thi' (irnro-Itoman limnrh of ih« 
K^ypt Kxploration KiumI l>y \li>i>»it. (ircnfill uml Hunt, hut it 
will b«i Miwrul yoarH bcfori' all th« nmttriHl lolhi txl hy llitw- two 
iniUtfatixuhlo <<xplori>r« will Ui avaihil>I«. Kor th<< Htiiilv of <ir<t>k 
palu'0){rMphy Uuh rxniarknlilo coll(» tioii i» only itpialltxl by thv 
cxlxln-atod Putrio Papyri, ilim-ovfrol iit Hiiwnra tin yiara a(;o, 
and piibliHhcd hy Prof. J. P. Muhatly. 

« • • • 

One of the Inat letter* writt»'ii hy Krieilrich Xiiit«a<h«> l>cf<>re 
tb«» colipno of hia hrillinnt intelh'it in 1888 ha* juat U«'n 
publiahcxl for the tirit time with othi-ra in the Srnr /vuUAr 
iiuitW.o'/iini. The letter in in reply to out' from the Mnnich 
novi'liHt liaroii von Seyillitz, who IiikI reproa('hu<l hiin playfully 
with lii» " haughty ailenuo." It is tlate<l from Nior, aiul the 
following extract i» ilmriict«Ti»tie : — 

It is no priile thnt haa nealnl my lijw ao lonjf. hot rather 
the humility of a autV<'n<r who ia uahaniixl to U-trny how miioh 
he sulfem An aniiiinl when it ia xiok oriei* awiiy int'> » ilark 
rellar, iknil ao likewiat- ilot'a /ii (r'fr />Ai7iM(>;>Ar. . . . I am alone, 
ahaiirtlly alone, uml in luy unHinching ami anluoua atrii^;);!!- 
ncainst all that men huve hitherto viklue<l ami revert-noeil 
1 linvo become i\ sort of ilurk c»i|liir myx'lf. . . Somethin); 

hichh'ii ami ^mystorioua that it not to l>e foumi ev«>n when 
it is Kought. Yet, )ietw<<en you nml me. it is not 

imjiosfiible that I am the ereiiteat philoaopIxT of tlie c*<ntury, 
perhaps even more than tliat. I am a ilociaive antl futoful link 
l)etw(><<n two thousami centuries. 

Nietzache then proceeil.i to comi>lain of a nrglift which in 
Uermany has iluring the last few yeara lieen more than ut«>m'<l 
for :- 

Though I am forty-five years of age ami have puli1iihe<l 
fifteen works (among them that m>>" /i/"< "Itrii " Zarathuttra " ), 
not a single review of any degree of merit has apjienrail of one 
of my books. I ain ilescrilied aa " eccentric." " j>«thological." 
" psychiatrical," and the attitude of tlie whole literary Preaa 
towani mo is hostile and anUtgonistic. 

Ab proof of how this attitiule has change<l. />ii.< Lrtlrrm-ivhr 
JlVAo, under the heading " Neiirre Nietrache Litten»tur. ' 
notices in a recent numlier more than a dozen Ix'oks hy Krencb 
and (»erman authora published this year dealing with Nietxaches 
pei-sonality and Xietxache's ideas. .\t all the Itiiversitiea. to«i, 
the doctrines of Nietzsche are now taught side hy aide with thow 
of Kant and Hegel, and he has Int'ii tnuislat«><l into Kiiplish. 



indirtaluaU an> " intofiMCkat ' S»m, W « i»»» »« , 

iiK^iit (ahK-h >••, I'X Itro way, alwa ^ n mt\mtt \tm 

•iiarattoo of a iiumla-f of thm mi $ti laJiiittiaJ ^ 

Urn t nilaal htsloa i la atxMlt to Is aiMta Hy Ihm | / 
tlM> iitm acliMiui o» " otltaiK-s iHLlMaa •« " (sta. 
i;ta| ha " rnttrttiiHit ibratfual t« |<#KaaM4kli'4M wilt l< 
iinlraa a<n>ttl|<alil«<l iiy laajaxint kr a<l a<IVrrtiai 
ai.othfrr riilumn Tlv arais •( irrSBtal •l*(«ftt>ii>i<l u| 

of ol.a line of rt-tftllll/ Inaltrr !• t rtaty (ixir hi.** o( 

nMtit Thua, if a •atn|«<i« |««* <■' IU> iitwa o( »lr« 
during iba aavii, iia a.'rotliU.I " Prx* Agasil ' 
XililUd l» inaart lamty livo ItOM -I "gcaM|>,' 
rhar||ti, on any day ka may aclc*!. 

• • » • 
l^'t Til<:a«lay aaa ai> axeitiiif; 'lay airnu fuf ChriatM 

•air* of a ;,'tHal Ar«i folio Htutae«|a,«i« It acirv tn atiTM 
altt'lHlaixr TH*' hobllnK* •omtuetanal at o«m> htttvW* 
aiul foax lapidl) !•> oiw thi«iaa»>l |»ui«la. at ahirh atagi 
ro«|a'titora. M<-«ar« l^iuitcK atwl Hanvy. wcfo U 
contaat. ami th» Itttrr ultitnatnly iBcuml iK* l«>>h !•« I 
ordinar> i^k-* of ll.T'O T)o* >• llkriy t» rruiatn a ' 
f r a vt>ty Ioqi; imtx to nun* TIm f>.Uu la (arfart 
rxaeptioii that •oii><, of Ihr t«ili«t In^tsa a" o-naubn 
and frayixi, thnngli thr jMrtrait i* <int'«trSr<l la «!•> I 
iiii«aurra 13; hy >*l iitelioa. juat otta •(•lartrr i.t a<i ii« 
titan Uie |aTfr< t fo'io m thn |Kiaa<Maii>a of t.aily H«/<l« 
purchuaett in |HA4 (or ITIrt. an-l liall an ttfh »).■••.-■ 
imperfm t copy ••III at thr .Sy»ton P»«k HaU in IMiil 
(>th«r gio.| pfici-. »rrt< •■ Helyaa, Tba Kny« 
Swannn ' (1513), the oiily ropy knovn, aa>l t)^ ' ni; «i 
on vidliini print*-*! hy Wynkyn d- WoriU. til" . «J«kj' 
of Croat Hritain, " t'lvo \ola , 144 . Holta-m, " l^» S. 
• t Historiaa Kan » de U M' rt ' U-VWi (tk. fkrat < 
■■ The Ihinc.. of Ileath '). £U !"• . • Hihli. i- HtsCor 
3l> Hootliuti by S. Uld Ih'Uiii, £16. 

• • • a 

Another ruriou* collection aold by Moaars. <'*hr' 
sinte<l of iH.iiio article* of bijoiit4>ria balon(ing to (m 
".laaaaiiiy liriciv. " This la<ly, Miaa H u ta— t . tb« 
H - k, " u« (ioUlsmitha iiteniy, kptiriek, ralird hri 
aiiltilig pamphlet alluilinc t-> aiiiorou.' rvlaliutta laKaaa 
Oliver, wa.'< the hero:iit> of an amuain^' ttory ahich r*^ 
I>r. >lohiii>on. On the ap|<>anin<e of tha pam|>hlat, < 
iis>aulted th<- piibliaher, not witii a fol:o. bat with a 
aftcrnard* wrote •> letter to the |mpera on the licwntK 
the Preas. Mis« Horneck aftorwanla )>-cani« Mrs. (iv; 
friend of the |ioet IVior. 

• • • • 

Tile firat Morris maniiacript of any n<>t» which has 
into the o|M-n market waa auld on thv Tlh it«t V 
Piittick and Simpaon. Thia waa th<- fo<ir-iiM(;e fulio ■ 
of " Note* on Mattm Pari laim-ntary , ' an srUcle arhtrii 
in the (.'ommonirmf in IHM The prieo otHair 
13 14s . will U- hartily likely to teOipt the hoUsCS of « 
maniiscripta to |«ri with their piupertj. Moat of | 
Were giv<-n or aokl by the fkx-t himavlf to his pafWMUkI 
ai.d it may he anticipate •! that tha> aala of lasiinsi'ri 
works will, for the present, h<> infraqusnt. 

• • a • 

The |>iaition hehl to-<UT by the work of tlia Kairaaa 
is curious an<l nnique. No other publications. r«ira'^ 
books, hrt»e erer niabmi ao quickly into notoriety t>or i 
aasamml a leading jxiaition aa '- collrciablr " works. 
they have already paased alinoot oat of the vatatTTy •<4 I 
l>eci>me nun- choioe /)ri.--.i-/,rnf. Wheoavar any o 
announca<l for sale the attemlanca of ) uyrra la larfi 
sale of a comnlpte ai^ which took nlace at M- xr* Sr'ti 



50 



LITERATURE. 



[Ju 



> M« M> pEfmtMant ami ovmlinuou* tlial <<iich afiwimto 
Hmm ha» twcooto rolatt««ir impiirtant. 

IM 

C>4 (ta itd 

TIm UUllrriiW llAia. IM (IM . tk l« o SI Id n 

l^•M■• br Uw Waj aa» ll a a 13 .s u II 11 H 

Bl«»i> U»r* Ljrrtm (Mai : T • IS 1 o 

Nalat* df U«(Me iMa « 10 n I II 'i 

ItaNar* of Umm»tm« OHi T A ii 7 T n K 11 n 

OnaiB d Jotut lUU (in ) : « a i a a ll » 

TW UoU*a U«m4 |M» * n o |<i m m |o 1 o 

HMwr** of Trar <>» T IT a 7 l'> 7 11 ii 

WMU iMMrMllam (SM » 7 « <l 

\w> tram Sum%m CSt* 1 11 u 1 II ii 1 10 ti 

IU}»anl thf Fat* OMH A II <• 7 ll Ton 

PnaM of MtMkMpaarr IMn N 1 <i - II 11 

OriOT of « kiTklrr cftb l l o - l 17 a 

Uf» ft Wolwr (*» « 10 110 11 u 

UodcOvjr adMoTMOn 8 11 u - T M 

VlapU am - ~ 8 10 

MmJ (MB Sao :i7l SKIO 

MMoata U>« tlorevrpn on 8 11 o II u o 11 1 u 

Uotklr ArrhlKviarr - 3 u 1 I 

BklUa* b> Itowiii iSim \i- IT n/ ~ "• '" " 

Hmiim4< br lt<>~r<U dIOi /*' " "X — » 

TU* of Kl^ rVarw oaa .... 7 10 - 7 11 

TiM aUlterinc Itttln. I«M (SM 8 17 8 B 11 10 

|>>rm> hr KwtU OM 19 19 9800 J800 

AmUuMl AmltoUn I a u 3 10 3 

AUUnU in (°«l)rd<ia mat » 11 11 II 1 

Wood Brrnnd tho World OM 1 1 o 7 10 n 7 10 

Tal* of Ktna C°oui4«iM 2 11 U S It 3 11 

Book of WbidoM and Uw (tUN .. < 11 1 10 10 

PimIbI PMUteatUlw out 4 Ii u - 110 

Haroaarate « U - II 

TaWof BMwvUOnDI I lo o a lo n i lo o 

Rrr IHircrraU* OM t 10 3 II 3 11 

jMonOn 8 11 16 10 11 1 

Child I'hriMoiilMr NM 3 I! I i 3 11 

Wor1i< of Skdaj AM in n 23 38 10 i) 

Hand and Ihml miR 3 3 10 3 11 

ibrHantekltm II - IS 10 n 

I br coiOTVtaa pan .... i 7 « - 7 ii o 

Wan at Ike Worid'i Rnd OM .... 8 10 - 12 

Wortw <rf rhaiMW (I2SI MOO MOO 18 10 n 

L«wla« BmI* <£m 8 2 8 - 7 in n 

rbmra and Ueafe OOM J 12 8 3 1 o 

The Kartblr IVradlae 18 In i) 21 o ii 21 10 o 

8kcpbear<lr'><'iUrndar (22Ji ft 17 <i — 7 11 

TiM Woodraif Idni rtStn 17 8 7 10 n li 12 n 

Mr« r>i«raTaaiit tUa I 11 u I 17 u 1 18 

Mr* Irambfiw OM I 13 o 1 18 I II 

HICnrd Uw ValMii« (law 12 10 o 19 23 

Tbr Sandprinc Hood COD 10 t 10 3 13 8 

LoT« !• Rnoacli On K n n 7 10 o 7 

Pacw froai Fral»«rl Ota . . 7 l o — |o 10 o 

Nowon Ihv KplmMxMI IVc-M — 3 1 3 10 

(rmnan WoodruU 16 110 

• • » * 

Kraiclea Uio hooki ilcUilM) in otsr iamie of th« 8tli, anil in 

•ihlition t<i tlin Kelm«o<<tt Proas piiblicationH nlnMuljr ruforre<l tn, 

the following b«>.jk« «f gonornl intareat woro includo<l in Messrs. 

Botbeby'a ulea laat week :~B<v<-4Cciiis (J.), ''De Miiliurihiia 

CImria," the run I'lm print of 1473, £61 ; Sab<«l!iou8. " Renim 

Vaoatmnim Hirt'Ha," aplomlidly priiit€><l on vellum by Tiiri>aani 

at V#ni.-«. in 1487. fl5» ; MonUicne. " Kaaais." 158H, with tho 

nniqtie print«l titla I'ap*. £00 ; Surklinjj. " Fnif^ipnt« Auna,"' 

16<6, tint oHitinn in <iriintinl bituling, £18 : " An In<luli;enca " 

grant<^ by the Hiiahop of Hallabiiry, iuk) printtxl by <la Worde 

about l&i'i, £3<) ; " Don ynixott-," .Sholton'» traniilation in two 

Tula, with pUU*. 1620, £IW ; " Arden of Favuraham. " a perfect 

copy of th* rare ]KO quarto, £S2 : .SIiakf>s|M-aro, " The Chronicle 

History of H.nry V.." 1808, £98 : Drarton. " Poema," tho very 

aoaire Mlition of 1913, £1A. Of the few nianuacripta includod in 

tfta aal«a tlip rhiof van- " Miaaaia Pm<>fnonitrat«-nao ad uiiiin 

MnnaMUfhi P«rrh<-nata," two toU., fifteenth or «ixt<<«!ntli century, 

£300: *' Hor:f l<«at»- Marin- Virsinia," in uothic littti-ra bv a 



Vioar of WakefieK 
colouri . 



GoldamiUi. ■• Thu 
e>litiun, |H>rft<ct, £43. 

Kgaii, " Rttal Lift< in London," 
aon, itc, in An» (xtiulition. £"^5 Aa. 

Teiinyaon, " Tlw Paaaiiig of Arthur," tl 
of 1884, in |>H|Mtr covers, £14. 

Mi<rad:th. •• MiMluni Lovo. Ac," firat <• 

St«vtmatiii, manuscript of 30 pp., " Miir 
• • • 

C. W. B. writaa. July 8th : - 

By puttinj; one and on<> tos»th«r ns to th< 
" The Li'Rs of Sister I'niula.' noted in you 
is drivon to tho conclusion that Mr. Ki'plir 
koen this storj- from a place in the {lemiaii 
works. It a|>|M>arcd in thu liller of .lunt>, 
" Many Inventions " was jiublishetl some 
includiui " Mv LonI tho Kluphant," orif^ina 
l/tii;<i:inr of January, 181)3), it ia not to )m> 
"TU Days Work."" To my view it is 1 
author has |>robablv t«atad it with the qti 
Hut for all that, will not tlia «-alue of the li 
a.i|M<ially if most have met tlie doom of tha 
inoreaau with time ? 



Hincdcan Xctt< 

♦ — 

ARB THE AMERICANS BIBLE I 

Some timu ago, in the (taciiic mood to w 
inclines people, a certain »inipany of " culti^ 
such as exceptionally commend our nation 
abmad, ware debating whether the Kible was 
than formerly. In the a^^reeable circumstan 
difficulty in convincing one another that i 
read : that, in fact, it was roa<l far less. Takin 
of their own ox|ierience, and of their obser^ 
cultix-atod Americans, they decide<l finally 
almost not at nil. L')>on this a pleasing soi 
spiritual decadence spread throujjli their circle, 
one of tho philosophical in(|uirer!i so lon^ nfl 
cigars that be wont alK>ut thu next ilay calubra 
fact which they had aworiainod, and sjieculHU 
apprehension u|Min our imi>ending lapse into i 
In this indulgence of the imagination he 
encounter n frieml whoso uci|U',iintunce wit 
rather difTerent directions, and «lio wan ahl 
that the Bible was, on the average, read usmuo 
and tlial it wa'< studied vastly more than ever^ 
thoroughnesH never brought to the work 
devoted to it in all the Protestant bo<li(>!<. H 
of surprising and irresistible character ; and i 
philosophical iiii|uirer was obliged to postiw 
heathenism at least until another nieoting 
after-dinner circle. 

In the meantime, however, ho came U| 
one of the recent magazines which has revive) 
after nil, he may have Ixten right about 
luast among cultivated Americans. Tha writ 
a cultivated American, living abroad in a i 
ravolt against tha theories anil ui^ges of 
umlerstaiid.4 thoiii ; and in his somewhat 
interesting and even im|H>rtiint i>apor he mi 
unfamiliarity with the Now Testament, or an ii 
for it, which certainly ought to oncoura^ i 
approaching rcpoganixation. Hjs (xipur rola 
character of his great-grandfather, a poor < 
nolile Kreni'li and Spanish lineage, «ho came t 



July 15. 18'ja.] 



I.ITKKATLKE. 



niirtiinxl by tlm I'liriUim awi V<idlti<r« wbu hxl ■•• murli tu ilo 
with (ouiiilillt; tliii coiiiiiiiinwoitUh, Imt ■'•(■•vially by lb" l*iinl.>i>a 
Their ■'•tji^ioiiii Ruritiiin'iit, lia IiikI*, |ir»|«>liib<ittt •! m N"W 
Kii){litti(l, HbiTii it \w(<i " ih'ir fn\Oiirit<< >li«f>iiirM< tbat •nily by 
II iiiintcbi, i>i|iii\Bli>iit t» lli» iii'rfit itii|>f<il'4hb< natural 
ph«tiom«iiiiii, uniiUI n i irb iiutii •nlir liit<> ll>'av>ii 

It wan ub«ii hi< Citiiix t<- till* |i«aiia^i< tlutt th>- l>'|i. vi^r in 
our ir|iiif;mii/.iitimi •'X|a'ri>'iii-iMl tlmt rut it si <>( (.mli in bit lh<-'rv 
tvhii'li I hiit« iioti'il ; fur li>' <aiil to hllii»<lf tlmt tlm atit«'r. • 
mini i)( ri'liiiKiiiKiit mill •itiiriitiuii, »>/< • itloi ignorant ■•( Dm 
ori^'iii ol tint " ili<H'iiiii-ii<,' i.r ln'M it m a M-itriMly i-mlibta 
ilim|iit>i. That III' liiulit iiinkn no iniatiki-, ho ita«tily •bi>t«<l 
hiN ottii ropy of tlix Ni H T-'KlniiHDt. aiiil w itii oii • >llrtiriilty 
found that chii|>li'r of St. I.iikx wbi-rn tln< i-no ..( tlio ;(i»o<l yoiin^ 
mull vt'lio bail ;:iuiit |M>»i«'aiiii>ii* i» riM'onliot Tb»ri> b«< riMil tl.o*' 
" viTv Korrottfiil " uiirilii of lh«i >Niti'.ur, ttliicb t.iiM-i'w lli> 
HOiinilxil lot'o uf tlix yoiiii;: mun, " Hn» lianllv •Imll than mIiioIi 
liBvn rioliea (iiit<<r into tbn kiiiiluotn of tiixl. Kor it i< uoinr f-T 
a caiiit'l to ^'(1 tbri<iit,'li n ni'<'ill>-'< <<y« tlntn for n rnli man to •'iit«r 
into till) kin^'i bun of (toll " The |>lii|oiio|iliiM' tln'ii t'irn<'<l !■»• k 
It |>a;;a or tito, anil r«ii<l of tln' liml ntato of liitm, the ni-li nntn, 
hikI lit Ni'vernl otiior |>luoei< li» fininil vntriiiii^n mil ii|<liiai<lin;;<i 
of tti'ttltli from tbii li|)ii of thi- vaiii" 'I'l'itcln'r. It iH<«tui<<l to bim, 
in fa<'t, that tb« wliolo Kpirit of tlui <mm|i<'I ^ax lulturiM' to tiioMi 
ttlio had thnir };ouil thin^'N in thin tiorlil. an<l that if thm ttoja 
aUo thu Dpirit of thn AiiiiTican poopto, it tta* nc.irrvly 
iliio to thoir l^iiakor nii<l Piiiitaii ni icon torn. (>ii<> mutt ^o 
vory far IH-Iiiinl tlinn for tlia nouroi- of tlm fwilim; tthicli tha 
t^riter of tlio iiiturontiii); nkotch of our larliimt iiiillioiiair>' liu<l 
doprooated ; anil if ono liiiolly arrivixl at thr (;oii|m'I, on-' foiin-l 
thoro authority for i>tfiy muiinor of dotilit ii-i to tlw -at iiii; 
otKcacy of moiu'v. 

Ill thti I'liI, hotvinor, hi- t»ii» piizzltcl to ihviili- wtp'tlur Ihi' 
liayi'holo^ical Bituation nan favoiirnbh> or not to hi» tlii'ory of tin- 
decay of Itihlo i-oaliii;; Hiaoni; uk. it wat m-artMly iMmxilib' 
that tho writer of that skoUrh nliould tvittin^ly iiiako k iiioi'k of 
tlioKO word* of ChriNt ; ho aiuiply (roiibl not knot« tlmt it t»a/i 
from tlioxo that the riiritatix got tlirir '• fatoiirit4> diwourm- "; 
Mid no fur it ttiis well ttitli tlio pliiloNoplmr'a tli.ory. On tin- 
other hand, if the suppospd Puritanic ciniiity to richct ixTNixlitl 
amon^ us, niu.st it not !>.< continually H'-eiifuriH>d liy recurrence 
to tlio Scriptures uhicli liii 1 inspired it ; and did not thi« alone 
prove tlmt wo were a iiatimi of lliblo rcadcri ? In bin <iimiidaiy 
be came to nie, nnd I ventured to iui>j^;est a I'irkwickian Roiiition. 
I Haid that the writer of that i»i|Hir lui^lit very ttell U- imiornni 
of the (iodpel ; be aoonitHl to me not very well ver»e<l eieii in 
our colonial history : for whatever the yiiakem wer«', the 
Puritans worti certainly not nveiMi to the ijimmI thin;;* of thin 
world, and wore always willing to take the chance of ;;ettini; to 
Heaven, in spite of them, reii.emlierinfj that what ttas iniposHilile 
with men tv>i8 possible with (ohI. I said he would nsall the 
fiu't (I riMilly doiilitisl it he know it I tiiat i.lioui;li the Pil);r;m 
Fathers of Plymouth wcio jioor men, the ;;entlomen who later 
founded the colony of Mii«sHcliuiiott.s May. and ostablmheil the 
Puritan theocracy of New Kii;;!Hiid. tvere (x'ople of sulwtaiice 1 
instanceil one di«tii>;;uiHhed family tthicli camo over with twenty 
8erviii);-meii. in the Meveiiteenth century, and I said that so far 
as I knew none of thi.s hoiiound and h( iioiuable family had since 
earned bis bread by the .^weat of bis brow. .\s for the Quakers, 
I reminded him that some of these, too. weie rich men. and 
that thoU);li fbey had a more demociatic theory of lift- than the 
Puritans, they had iirrive.l ;;eneraUy at a liiub stale ot ttorldly 
comfort, and were now. |M<rha|i.s, as stienuoiis stickleis for social 
excltisiveness. Kised noon tv(*itltb. as aiiv other Americans. It 



of bl« |(rrat'(raiHl(«UKTt , aivl aliu-li issrv uUmaMs t 
ibn iui|iUt««t re|ii>ft« of tb,« tf«M>l.«a* *^*>f« •tsi I 
iMSlime* uf all Ibo rt< li |M>u|il« tlot '•'■iliI get •( 11>c * 

likr itotbinjt M) i»i» h ;ut i>i r<»Ml ot tli«>*a iioii^t M^^^,^l^■- 
iii ll.oii liaarto ih^y •-i^ - . . ....^.i -- . .. 

*'tbo( iiAtioli 

" flM'tl Jou IbloR •*» -I U.J If «rk- t^.«l 

.\iiuirl> 4i» do not ivmI lb«< Itilibi ■ 

" Ob, *• t" lltal, ' I rnt»r>>a>l. ■• '. ' :.. 

I'i>rli.t|« lltoy iBul il bail •'■lit mio'l i! 

A qUB«TtOM or FHOfMiKTV. 

Tbf> lat^ai iHtrftfrtUkik. «^ of IImtci • i^k-a^t ifi \«« 
bmni fidloani liy >|uitn %» l<>u<t »nA loo,; *u out>>ur*( ol 
• bilicai-y in |iublu- ami priTaln rriliiKiii a* lbs aw>iiM« 
Nt*w, urn tbnii, tb« I'tay Ka« )««fk fintik*! iimn^jta), {«•! 
■ml rvioltini; . *ii>l if Doibini; nlo lo li« <-»•» >• |-i»>i>. 
Ibnl «» am not yp( um>>I (•• llw »jrt ttt oil>i>tn«« lu who 

\\ « ar«tuM*,| to abii"«t etrn-y utitcif \u\»^tt^m'if\» %f*t% t/i 
in ill" ttM*ut:f> Tb«"i> 14 bardly anylbiri^ ititjt^rafiw^r '>t 
wbicb tbn •tat(<' bi> n-l (bown. atoi^ Iba r>>|mi*t>« ttr 
of lili'^it, All I tit* uiiK* •>iil«i.',a •I tbtl play i« —• 2r««( 
» little 'xbl lb» aulhiir c eil I not iutra )■■»«■ .oiitatil «i(.' 
mi|;bt buvn ilfployral t ■>'i|« of !•.» iiri->iu •lAiirvr* h- rr.i 
leftthv •rt'iie atreaii with •l>a|»'» of mitnir murilsr . Ko i>' 
bad fnlie wiree foilin;; jmtloiu butl«i>fU. a<»l cttatng 
Intinllili forsivenixu . be nii;{ht ba«« lud M>liu-a<r« (poi*. i 
lurra for victim* . h» mit,'bt bav* Ital rf>|«iit>i.t pr 
■ lying in the last nxoeaKx >if Yiitii" ai><l btincinf rofitn 
lovets and rem oriu- U- tboir l.iteis f«iiiili«< , Imi mi|{ht 
heroic thieves an I bit-bwayiiien dunj 'ImU ..f •{%* 
Mtcrilb-e ; he iiii,(lil hivn bxl a noldn ai, I l/nll.f.d . 
wimriiiy a inusU of .rune tliroii,;b f -iir »rt». »n I t>«rii>. 
the lifth. iiiieir III tune to )>at)b- tillainyai.d rmsi u.. 
iniiooi-nce . b« might hire liotl j mttT tier •tin,* i^'ttm-if t> 
and taking the bIuuik-, hi onlar t» aave a gsillr »ft' 
name, or her biuliaiid's b-in-xir. -r h»r rbibb^'s f^^l. 
might have h.id a saintly siik id- mu'd-:ing himolf tl.al 
may mtrry the girl be \o->-* : he nntrbt liarf b» t a firl ••• 
by every iiuiniier of li<-s the union of ancthor aitli 
who adores her : he migbt bar- Ijbl «ny or all 
tliini;'. and ■•tfend-il no i>n<-. Pm.ple ar^ ii«ml |.. •»-! 
and to any nnniU'r of things Iik- them in tbv lbo«lr 
they ar>- not -lisappoiiit '1 «ii-ii llwy >l • n .t g-t t! 
certtiiily exp.'ct them. 

iiiit if all the*' tra<litioiis or non<> of tl'>»m a<i 
suAici-l tbi-re is the wliob' printol •Irania from ahbb U 
might have rhoscii horron frt-^-ly an I wiltiuot tb<< li«st 
Tliei'v is no form of lust, ailullvrr. inOMt. b>>mici'l«> 
deceit, wliicli was not o|a>ii to Ins rhoio- i:i tlv (•r<Fs>k. 
Knglish. and French drama Ott>' Klixahi-than play, tb- 
of Willi.iiii Hliak«*|«>itr<'. is on in<init<'l}r rich in all th**- 
that llr«<'n I oiild hav.' 'Iraan u|>on it alons ual I 
revolting and ile|ir»Ting cir>um*tanc« which b^ t>i>«ld r 
desire, without till- le*»t titfeiio' Tliat la a pUy abi 
only s»' wilbuut <lugiiat. but witb tlw biglw^ iia 
pleuture, an I. ns we Is-liere. with spiritual f>li6<Mt<oi< 
never denouiid- 1 by iTiticisiii for it« loathsome fibi< 
bliMolsbisI, for the atr<x-ity «itb «hi.-h ita hert l>r>-ak« I 
of a gentle girl, or for Uie pathologioal •pa^.acle of h<<r 
an<l bis own. Strsngi st of all, it is not luraWmnn I foe 
Uie witness in the same titrt of uncM-taiotjr aa t<> t>' 
li>saoii that he finds bims<'lf in at the etfl uf >ik.—l) 

The nresanC liiub i'is<laiii for i>ki><4.>. t>;aii. no*'. '<^m 



52 



LITERATURE. 



[Jul 



R>mlM with mpini to hi* OMiihrr. PtiMiblr wv may fvmt cnmo 
to think Mr*. Alrin);'* froblptn U more imporlitnt, ■■ it i* 
rartainljr mofv t-omplcx aixl [vofmnxl. ('om|Mr»<l with tha 
<]Oarttaa how thm •hall »(ifr<T lu tht< i-ivl «ith th<> mii*r«l>le Uiy 
whcm hi* (alhrr'a p)r«>ant Ti<-r« hovp itoomml to i<liory, it i* itii 
•aajr matt<v f«r Hanilvi (» <ln iil<< whrn ■>»•) how t« kill hi* um-le. 

TTv» {WYv'holocu-al iliffeo'in^- Ix-twt^n tho two !n«poili«>i> i« the 
luoaMuv of i1k> »»»t «|w<>i- l»tw««fii tho ii«-rTi» oi thr »<-Tfnt«<pntti 
aa>t tht> nin«<r«ntb >-rnttirii>«. In the m-n-r* of lh<> lnt<<r time it 
the *|^>ai>iaj; >x>ni> i»u>ni>>a of thiii|;« unknown to tho iiorvea of 
th* nU'li<>r a|:i< : mhI it may )e thi* ta<-it ton*oiuu*noi>* whioh 
roroiU fn^m the aapii>h <>f the tourh laying it Iwn-. It i* not 
aiilma|(iiuil>le that in tome rentur>' ret to <omo, »sy tho twenty- 
brat or twvtity-avt-iMMl, a liko t-onai-iouanoa* will recoil from a 
yet aiititlt^- aiial>-«ii>, alHl rry ont for the t^ootl oM, ilei-ent, 
wholoaooiv, autative, ilramalit- m<<an* om|>loyu<l in Il>*en'* 
Okmilt, m» »tiT t»nai'i<>u*iit<«« now prefer* to theee the aiUiltvroU* 
athl « inilit-tiTo ra 'tivea of Sliak<v<|>««re'* HttmUt. I tan fan>-y an 
■ mlifniant ami |>ulilio-«|>irit»l < ritioxm ileniamlinf; tho 
" ■■-irotilir " methoU of our tlion out-<lato<l iltiy aa aCHinvt thoiie 
of aomt- yot truer ilnunatiht which *hall holil tho mirror Ktill more 
iinrhrinkincly up to nature. That clrHmuti*! will, of (iiurae, harw 
hi* liany. rery mnch ootnumU-ml ami aahameal, ua IIimmi hua hi* 
|«rty in Now York t<>-«lay ; aii<l I wontlor in what form of rovolt 
a^ainat tho jiivvailini: rritioinin thi* ilvToteal littl« ImiikI will 
wieaV ita renae of injiiatioe. Now, <ine lan *ay that lomimrtxl t<> 
the (imre. aetrere nilKtjem-y of (t'A<tf<>, the romantic *<ii-]ihiMi^e of 
Hamtti ia aa a Wat^ner of era to a (iieek tra(;o<ly : hut whut will 
the aikUriou* )«rtiKan of tho futun- •lraiiiati*t n»y in contraatiug 
hia work with that of a then ovit-INenMl Diaen ? 

W n HOWKLLS. 

(Copytij-ht, 18".''', in tho I'niteil St:it< * of Aiiiericn, by 
Harper and Hrothois ) 



THE SYMBOLISM OF THE UNSIGHTLY. 



Aa n-.«tter i* but the atulf wliorawith natire work*, ami 
aa the it only in*ulte<l. not ilotuil, when wo flout or man^'le 
It, ao it i* again*t the bi;;h dignity of art to inHiKt on thu 
carrion tho mu*t u^b." 

The wonU aro Mr. Maurico Hewlott'*. Illumine the 
blnntneaa of tho xtHtoiiiont aith a iiiy»tiral ^laiuoiT. mid the 
woni* arv M. Maeterlinck'a. Teiiij*r with the pri'yneas of 
tailigbt and ttart, mid tho woidx nro Mr. W. 1$. Yoat*'. 

The parallol it o.rioii*. Tliexe thro*' younp iiion have chraen 
witlely di»er»* ]-«th* tho Saxon »wii ftinp with virilo stop and 
with korti txippinp oyt-t through hi* tiin-Rtieprd forott* ; tho 
Kelgian my»tic liri odinp in tho thin air of roinote mountain 
pmkt : th<- Celtic ]><«t littoning to anciont lore in tho piping of 
h>n»ly windt. Yet they are all nt one on ihii fiindnmontnl 
|«-inripl« of art. " Your vtaring look*, your hlootl, your 
' chirking ' ate arcidontaU," , . . . " I/c vacaniio inutile 
tl'un acte vii.lttit rtouffo la voix plr.t profondp, mait hf'Kituiite et 
•liacT^te, «le« >trei et dt* choaaa." In *iipf ort of thoito *tatc- 
mentt, Mr. Hewlett and M. Muotcrlinck enrli dmw an illuatrn- 
tion fiom the art of (jiintini:. Mr. Hewlott inttanco* Kotticelli't 
" Jiiclith" whorvin a ilninty hluo-eyo«l girl flitt honiownnl 
through a afTing Ian«lfCH|«' of proy and green and tho *niile of a 
milky aky, while a alaie girl brhitid b««it tho hoad of HolnfemM. 
The fiictnre i* miitdor ; it hold* the very aoul of miiidor— 
•wiftveaa aixt tt*alth. Kiit thoie i* no drop of Mood " tho thin 
aeuWt liiM along tho vwonl-edpe it » av mI>ol if you will." 



(iaplorn tlie obtrtition of violenoo into painti 
Hock and Mr. Veata lamont the Tiolenee wl 
drama — lament the lontational emphaait on 
conttitut<« the m<Mlem play. 

What it art to ilo with it* carrion ? He 
teat of hliHxl ? Bhall it avoid altogethor emot 
tiercv external action, and dual with toiil-dni 
it treat violenc<> imlir<H-tly, at the (iriH'k* 
f)uinteaacnc« of tr.tgedy through tho mouth* ( 
Or vhall it employ RyiiilMiliim -at munler, 
tyml<oliz4«l by tho thin Hoarlet lino along t 
di>ath i* «yml>olixo>I by the Hlandur crimaon i 
WaliHirgi* night toe* round the neok 
Margtiorito ? 

Our great KngllKh poeU hn\-«, generally 
tho ovor-emphiutit of oarrion : they hn' 
*yml>oliBation of blood. Mr. NVilliam Wat«o 
horror* of the Aniiunian ma*a«orf<i, conoont 
tr<igo<lies into or.e (Ino tymlxd— " The I'ur^iU 
the more uply attributot of death by violor 
huge remorte, tome overwholming *orrow — t 
high onler. Shakeapearu diil not give ut 
moiit of Dunran't munler ; the line* whioh an 
are thoae, which contitin tlie ineradicable magi 
itiin : — 

Will all grnit Neptune't ocean wtah th 
Clean from my hand ? No : thi* my ha 
Tho multitutlinou* te.t* inc.irniinliue, 
Making tho g^oen — ono n-*!. 
The trage<ly i* net of actual, but of phii 
forget the Niiioi.ring of the slei'py grooma wi 
hiiuntc<l by tho ]ilianToiu go\it« of bloml on t 
that lur'"d Macl-eth to tho d«'<l — by tho phi 
that pcrsiHt on the hands of Lady Macbe 
terror, of remorte. And Hrowning, currying t 
ttcp furtl-.er, makea nature her*clf Hoem int 
tl:e murdarert in Pippti Vm-vn. Th.e tun thoot 
through the *huttcr°s chink, and when Ottin 
lattice, tie Krtt thing the reot are »tragglin| 
And the pity of it it, i<he rocogiiir-e* that it 
upon c irrion : she would make a futile cnd( 
inevitable doom. 

For inKtar.oe, that May morning wi 
I'nder the groen atccnt of Kycamon 
If we had come upon a thing liku tl 
Suddenly .... 
Wi.ubl you have pored upon it ? V 
In |ioring now u|ioii it ? 

Finally, we must note Seluild't exclamation 
him wine of both *ort« :— " No, the whit 
wine \ " There i* drama if you will. 

lOood and wine ! We have one terrible ii 
thi* tl:eme. There i*, pcrhap*, more blood i 
Olivo Schrciner't " Ih^ama '" than in any 
lit'oraturo. But that it i* an allegory, it* mar 
power couhl rearce atone for it* crudity 
coiitaint patauge* poignant with rontraint. 
cruHhod, and I hoard them cry.'' Horu it 
blood : - 

Mon when thoy had drunk till they coi 
throw what waa loft in Uioir glasati up to 
fall back in caHcwlo*. Womon dyo<l their ( 
in the wine, and fed thom on it till thoir 
nxl. . . . Children tat u]>on the floor 
of wini', «nii *wam roa<' leave* on it for boa 



July 15, 1899.] 



LITERATUKE 



tni({«<ly uf th«i concsption. The x-eim i« an olil-fa*hi'>tu)il nanlni 
in the V>it<'k|;riiunil n woimI in thn inominK lun »vi*ioni>l 
liiiiitlm* atrMitttli itiul jriy It la ,i •|>riii|; tt«tiiiti|; with rAj'tur* 
(if lifti— II i>|iiiiiK lilt; It I out "( tliii niiiilit lii^urt of iiitiim , »tn\ 
tlio gitnli'lli'r riiUi out lill r<nl ttowura Inut thxy (lioulil n iiiiihI Utr 
iiiwl ^irl of tiluoil— the IiIixmI of hur lover iniirilcmi in Imr arm*, 
whom *lit' Im'IiI uII thn liit;hl till nhn waa ilr*ii' hnl with It. Th" 
iriiKl ^'irl him h.iil it ilr«-«a iiiailn ftir htir whii h ia thn < oU.ar of 
littlii ni'W liiiivi'*, Mh<< iloiia not Mlah thn tittl" n^-w |ra»»* to 
huvti liny four of Imr whtm ahi< walkl in the foroat. It la aa 
thou;;h ahn woiiM i U'UIIih< Imr mmv iMMly hy |>Iiiiikiiik It Into thn 
proi'ii of niitum. Shu look* through tlix Iravra of nil oran|.'ii trt« 
iinil attca all ^ri'i'ii, iia lhoii||h hiT nyKliila irnrp twi> traiia) armt 
lilivta. A htily-lilnl iili^hta on nnr liari< nrin Sh« i rut out that 
it In u drop (if I looil. Thay ilnail thn tiian wIikii llie 

fMi|i|iiiia will l!o»«r .... And nil thi' horror of h|i»><l ia 
iiiailx liitniitiliit 1 and Iwaidn it, D'Aiiiiiinxto a a|iriiii; a«i«tiia iiiurt) 
dnliiatc uiid rndimit than iiiiy other aprini; in lilirutnn-. 

Ciini|mr» with thii the IiIoimI trai;'*<ly niao |ilay<«l hy Sarah 
Hornliiirilt, whirh wiik hiNaol oir thi< I'lirio ntn);i', l.m M,i<ir-in 
HrKji-if, hy Oitavo Miihiuu. Tho play ia uiiiloutitxlly <t lini' oni<, 
hut tlix niidii'iu'o r><lH llixl u|.'ainat the ro.iliHtn of th« k< <-ih' iift<T 
tho ati'ik«, where tliu aUt^fu ia ativwn with tho d»i il and Uin 
woiiixh'd. Thoy vaguely rvitlixed that it ii not thiia you nnch, 
ill Mr. Hewliitt'a worda, " the aonl of it fitit " ; not thu«, to 
(|U(>to Miteterlinck, tiiitt you h«ur " le rhant iiiyat<Tirui <!•' 
riiilini, le aileiu'o n>eiia<,iint ilea uiix a uu i!i-a I)ieux, I'lttrnite ipii 
groiide il riiorizoii " ; not thua that you iittch the kouikI uf 
" tliu aweot everliiatiuj; voicea " of Mr. \V. f!. Yeiila. 

KTIIKI. WMKKI.KIt 



pionoN. 

The Market-Place. My Harold Frederic. 7. .'.iin . 
rW) pp. Ldiiduii, i.^Ki. Heinemann. 

\Vu hiivti hud to wait for aoii.e tiiii<> for thia |i<iathuiiioiia 
novel uf Hiiiold Fro leric, and it Nerve.<i to remind u.h how much 
eiijoyiKOiit we have lost hy that unhappy evint. 

The n^otivo of Kredfric'.t two Ust viiluine.s may lio anid to l«. 
in an iiiitiHn.vlatahle phrase of our nei^dihoura, In /c/k iltt 
i/((t)i</> iii-.i. Tho protaji.inists of " (iloria Muiidi " and •' Tho 
.Market Place" aio reapttctively a duke and a inillioDaiio. I.mly 
iiovtiliata, as we know, invent inoie diikun in a year than we 
|ioaHo88 in a century, and they arc not shy of millionaires. 
Rut Kreduric's clutracteis are not aa these are. ('hriatian 
Tower, the private tutor, who RUccee(U to the Ihikeiloni of 
Glastonbury, and .loel Thorjic, the liookaeller's aoii. who. hy » 
chitiico deviation into rofjiiery, pliickN a million from the 
pocket.s of delilieratr roguis, deserve serious consideration 
by the side of shadowy frivolities, thoujjii Fre<h-ric »»« not 
at his boat in depicting; ari.otocratic manners. His power of 
utterance exceeds his |Kiwer of creation. Celiit Madden, the 
heroine of " Illiiiiiiiiation," prows shadowy when the book is 
closed ; whili> the more ineinorable character of the Reverend 
Theron Ware is too c(>ntemptible in its shuinhlipg weakneas for 
sympathy or love. This fault, so far as it is a fault, is as visible 
in "The Market Place" ns in "(iloria Mundi. ' One feels more 
sympathy witli the 8tni);j;le of the woiild-lx' millionaire for his 
fortune tluin with the cnn-cr of Christian Touer ; but the ti);\ire 
of Joel ThorjH' is in n:o»t resjK'cts an rnpleasant oi«> In fact, 
the majority of F'rederic's jieople alienate one's sympitthy They 
are all littoily selfish and estn>inely human in their failings, but 



aiMMi* *a a htinc«i..i^ 1 .„,..,«u .,......;•,.>... i..i.-<\ .m 

Not kh*l \m wialiMl Xti wutli lor Hmmh H>« xU-- 
alwaya Ixnrti " iiit>fm>«>l kiy thr ilaatr* >4 lt« l^-rt« 
|i«Mioii to map wIkit* Mtwr* baal a<^Q ut at \hm >• 
aaifiMitbiiii; for BoUiitiC ' a/Ml at laat h« t<i<:m>la Tti- 
ita llifirr workings, lh» n^-lho-U of at.a-klfokrra a>> 
arn nnl *vTy f«iiiiliar t" fwliMti. •(hi iIm> ilrtAiU •■< Ihl 
ptiiaa*i>tly iK.irl Th*- f'irtaiw ••! J,,r| Ttf/rf i* uwU 
of an aliaoluuly ■orthlM* ruht^-t pl«nl«li-ti >(i >t> 
whrn >!«> ha* • Icanal ..gl of it all \h»l t>« im*la. bu i 
oyuMalty rt>a<ly t<> l«k<> otur llw- r<,a>c*>rti al • !•• atiil. 

Kllrn II allottx-r full o*rr lit' rc»ir*> ' Tit"'!" ra^lla* i: 

life With hia tiiilliofi aiMl bia wllr, IwmI; *'t«aaia.->. ■). 
BO<|u.Aintaii<>i from ilw |«»<« i ••' .. M .>. 
auliilliarl/** hia |»-r«ou«lilt 

Aa hi- ia|n«»l llil<i alhlMo, Imi (cli \a, •(tv'iiOi 

hamU !!• alrilrb^il out llx. hii(;>ra. cari'«l ibru. t 
dturtra, tio'ii > :• t>'«t th< iii tigbl. alwl IiuimiI li» I 'i 
luokifi^ liala f.un.l (. r in.j.. tlon in <i«r;i»£ a*|'>ta 
" That'a tiM' km I '.( h-tlid.'' \»r im-g^ti a^'aio l>.- 
" that brink* ih. .!■ w iti th.' l»/t>j rtin if l>u^t> • ■ t 
L'rit l< hind It I ua..| t<i aatrh thox- .)<-«a' baml* • 
mIh'Ii I Wda diniiit; ainl wining \iw<„ T'>>'i r» >,'■ 
wiry and full of tin,. Th.ir f;iiy.-fa arr i»<o« at^. 
It's their helliah ii>ilu>try atMl a^-lititi ih^l (i>r« I 
K pull, hut hIkii It hAtxl llki tlutt lail-a l>.«li> by \}w I 
he hi Id up hia rl^-ht haiii) .* h.- aji-k. Bith th.- thi. 
tint'" r» and ii>a>aite Ihnoib ar<-h'«l m«n»rirplt n • 
lliuai'lllur t< lialoll " whi n ('>'■' llfhtrlta rofti.'l lh«|r 
they f<'<'l that tih- k'rip ni<-ana loaiiirM my Ucil a 
aie they .''■ 

Amoii^' the nthir nniior rhararia^a, (Vita MmM* 
I Mike uimI lliii'hisa of (ilaaloiibiirT r> -■|>f«-«r frtmi t 

noVela, wluni-e they OnnK » reality will, h tlM-ar {oiKi 

Cive thi'iii Thoii^-h baa lirilliant tban " lllamnutint 
Market Place ' haa a iix.re seiMTal int<re«t ttun tJ 
twHik. Ita un<i|i«rin(; ••X|»>aiin' --i human natur 
Maiipaaaaiit. while ita tirililyaiul aim; lirtlv "f trttM 

nlao akin to the w,irk of that ■'leir,.ri-T aiMt nrti w 
novelist. 

The loUetioD -f alorioa •■ntiti-d OaiiLxrttiosa 

William Soiiiorset Miiiiv'hani ' I nvin. (m i. \\m» \h- 

i'hnn;:ink' <ondituina ain h a.* i n« iiiiL'ht ex|«-> t lr"m ' 

of aiiih d.v.rae Works aa ■• I.tia of l,«ml«th " ocd ' 1. 

c»taS.tint." The atory wo like i»»t i« on* of nxalar 

life. .\ .lerk. tho •asaii..- if a. Ifiab r>a|w« ubil^ty . 

hiiii-elf and hia wifo and • hiMivn, oimi iUt diaKTi-r 

worlil la out of joint, and, with the liible aa bia i.ai<U, 

to set it ri;:ht. The situation m a g'>«l or^, anal Mr M 

coldly hunioroua methisl ^r, atly hi'if;ht<-na thevffni 

saline of thitt jiower of rapid |>irtraiture which la eaartit 

writi r of short st<iri<l Hera la a picturw •'( U>« wifn o| 

Janiea ('lint<iii. wtio attampta l« " orientate ' ha own I 

Kvery on., has some or>« |rn>e<lera whi- h t— 

ex.t, tly to suit him » alini votilh balhinf in a ab^le 

an nidemian stAi.din;; with hia biw-k V' the ftr* arid h 

III the arm-holes of hi» waialroat ami Mrs, •'Imt.'n 

h< r roiiiplet»> a«df. exhibnnn; rverr trwit ai.d itti 

Suiidiiy 111 I hnn h. wIm-h .he sat in tlie frnt j»w •^If 

s.iiKini: tfie hrnina in thn wrong key. It «a« th»t 

a<-eMi«'<l mon- than »Ter th" |»Tin»>iif>< ation <.f a fu't •<• 

The othar talaa are of raryinj: ralmv '• Thr t 
.\myntas, ' an aaaay in the fnuikly imp<>wilU. ha* a 
o|<enin^' a< ene, wh><n- tha her» Tiait* th» par»r,a t4 I 
U'fon- aettin;; out on the journey of |if«> Tha la the •- 
• >.<, . Inri., it. «!.« ..I.I .i.>. _».... •.•>,_ _»..„ . I .~a 



54 



LITERATURE. 



[Jul 



cmlm. lik* mMMU •«• : dniik it »l<>«ly, jtimi ar* in full 
|>> m » t iiit>u >•( Tour •ell, aixl it vill not omw a«ra>n- Tli* fourth 
|;Um Iuu tlto awlixM >•( <l«alh aixl tlio IxtUir ««aaUi«Mia »f 

But. Uxitvithatanclinj; i-ertJitii rliarm*. " Orit*nliitioii« " i» not a 
gn*l U»ik. Mr. Maugham \» i-n|«l>le of wmcUiiiii; muih l>ott«r. 
>t«T«rtiirW*. tito Ikatk atiouM liy iio ro<>an( l>« overlookoti by 
lli^«v «ho arv intrriratxi in our vouu^oi «rriu<ri>. 

In \Viiu.« THK Kixi (Wiir>l. Un-k. 6».). Mr. .1. (". 
Snailh h«a f««aTr<i a ditbcult anil liitlicrto unattAiiiptMl taak. 
Hp b** «Titta*n a riovwl of aLn-r crirki>l. niid hv tin* written it 
in atich ti-irita an<l witli aiicli •u>x>«m tlint h<> ni.ty jiiatlv Ix* 
tavnnl tho J<>roiu<> K Jfr«>ir.e of |Im< criclo't-field. ('ri<-k<>t has 
b«forv no* founil its pi »>' in tictu'ii, Ixit iilwnyii, a* in Pickwick 
or Kvan H*mn)^<n. in mi i<|iia<Mlio faahioii. Hut liprt> «i< )iiiv« 
a nox-i-l in vliich all tli<> i'liaraot4*r», th<- ht>roini< incIiiil<Hl, arc 
criHii>t>T« aixl nothing but rricki'taTn. and in which lovo ita<<lf ia 
i;ui>l<«l \'y tht< fortiiiuu of thi- ganip. The ttory, of ooiirso, iiiuat 
not I* Iricil liy too hi^h a itandanl : it is writt^Mi in m «tyl<< 
■ bieh I* a |«rfm-t loilM of alaii};, antl it is so viitiroiy di-vottd 
to tb» twbiiKitlitii** of rrioki-t that it mn only Ih> a| pr(cint<><l 
by arilciit lov<-r* of tho gamv. W<< s(ip|M>ao tli<< natumi iiistin> t 
<>f ptvry (Tickett-r int<> wh<>m> hnnds u liook of this sort may full 
ia to try and C4t<'h tbi> uiitbor out. In thiK c.iso he will find it u 
difficult matter, though he may prot<'Ht tliat thcri- is no such 
thing a* a Magiinlan crickH cip, and thiit Mr. t'. K. Kry is not 
naually known as Charlie Kry. Hut. Chailea or Charlio. wo 
cwnfl'^s• that the continual refcn ni-es to nniatour cricki-tors by 
tbeir Christian i>r nick iiamos seem to us a little imi>ettinii>t. 
The illustrations are not always in at-cor<lHiic« with tlio iiiithur's 
tleacripiion of his fii-ld. If. for inAtjinco, th«' w ickot-keejier n-ally 
stoo<l as he is rpprvs<-ntfd on pa^e 74 to Uiku a bowler who 
" oiinbiiiMl the |>acf of u Kirtii;:ht with the cunning of n 
Hpofforth " w<> shu<t<lor to think of the oimlitinn of his lingers 
•t tlta end <<f the day. Them- obaervutions mny sound, perlmps, 
a little hyjvrtritical, but thoy would sippail to Miss •'(imce" 
Trptitham. the heroine, whose hijilily tii-hnii-iil and iinimute<l 
coarprsations are very umiising. " Willow the Kin;; " should 
|iroro rery |>opidar with the thousands who plii.v iTlcket, and the 
l^iM of thousands who lo<ik on. 



It is natural, of iiiurse. that the works of a foreign conteis- 
pormry 6r«t translat**! into Knglish nliould be tlio.«e U.-'t »iitt« u ; 
and no doubt tnost reajjem i-are more to catch up with a reputa- 
tion at its zenith than to follow step by ^t«p the progre.<ui of a 
•arioiu t«U>tit. Ihit we are glad that Hi m;km, by Kiiut HiiiiiMui, 
trma>lat«il from tUe Norwegian by (letirge Kgerton (Smithers, 
4a. n.;, la an exception : few first iX'TeU lead so iiiiprvrsively. It 
ap(«*r» to hate won. B<ime ten yu.irs ago. a Kiri-ri Ir faitnlnlr in 
Cljrlstiania : sinre then (the translatur's preface tells us) Herr 
Hamsun has ma<le hinix>lf an aiiiipie |>osition in Norway as critic, 
norelist, and dr«m.itist. in viitiio of his piiwer of expression and 
hia •lulacitv. " Hunger " is liarilly a novel ; it is simply a n'coni 
of acritii-sl |«ri<i<l in thei-areer of one who l>el<ing>i— in the exprts- 
■ion of Harrvs— to tiie intellectual nroletariiit The lecoid is 
IMtiUaal; complete, Bcrupuh>u«ly fri'<' l>om the smug commonplace 
Aiul flabby •••ntinieiit tltat usually ilecoratc the iiietare* of misorv 
drawn by w»ll-f»l in<-n. Trn^ic and S4in:bre. it has yet Komethiiig 
<>f til* pica(ea<pte in ita hall-cynical humour, ita unmethoilii'al 
•bui><Un<v o( surprising iiicidenta : th" liglitness of touch, the 
artistic lom imv ><i (>hr4w. are n<it cimmoii >|ualitie.< "i northern 
literatnrv : and tlwre ar«' lTri<-al. fanta^tii-al intnrliidei ttuit F)e 
Qiiino-T might have owned. Hut it is tin- personality of the hero 
tbat a'»oib< one. He is a bom vaoalxind, an imp, a Stoic, ami 

a rbapa»<li«t ; rain as a <irr<<k ileinigiKl, mischievous iind oiieii- 
>_- •_! -i.:i.i ._-.»•... 11.. .i_._l. _ :•!. >i... I .( i...i_ 



Stavsa or Ohani-k, by Kerrier I^angi 
4a. (id. n.), trvats of that |Hirticular side of so 
intriMliictiuns are not insiatutl on, and in w hicb tl 
and wt«althy, and the women are the o]iposite, 
rank the IxMik among those which may safely 
hands of the Young Person, it is only 
to that p<-rha]>B wholoMime |N'rsuasion • 
that " Keiitlemen " and girls of a lower class v 
liiiuK iiexor puss the time of day without bein 
Laiigworthy, of courso, is skating on rather tl 
not Iireiik under him. The stoty of the four si 
is poAin;< at a London Koli< s Hergercs as a *' Hod 
another in marrying an Karl, in very pleasanl 
careera. which ate as diverse as their chaiuct* 
manner always natural and sympathatic. 

In iiivordani-e with the annouiK-eiiient we 
Mo»i'rs. Macniillnn have now iM-guii tlieir 
Riidyarl Kipling's jirose writings with Pi.-MS 
Hii.i.K and Likk'h Hamihap (Is. each). 1 
volumes in all. and the etiitioii leavos little tc 
get-u|i, with its vimplo nxl oovur, good biiidin 



©bituav^. 

— ♦ — 

RICHAHI) rONfJHKVE. 
llip dejith, at the age of eighty, of Mr. 
reliinves one of tile iiarlieKt, and also one 
giii.shtil, of the Flngli.ili iidlierents of the relici 
of Auguste Comte. As he w.ia a Hiigby boy, 
a jN-riotl a Kugby miuiter, his attitude tou 
reganh-d n.s yet another example of the Ai 
which Im.H U-eii illiistmted by the cr»r»<ers of ko 
ciiltivaU' " honest doubt." Kumlanentally, I 
was probably very miiuh the siiiiiu as that of M 
of Arthur Hugh Clough, who was n fellow 
same time that Congrevo was a fellow of Waill 
eHOip.nl Cloiigh's melancholy, so he wiih in 
Ariiold'a sens<> of humour : and coiiae;|iieiit 
engHuc delilK-rately and consciously, anil wit 
constructive teacher, in the great game of relig 
He was logical, at least to this extent, that, 
assume<l his major and found his minor premi 
frightened by the conclusions that they led tc 
he ramo to write paniphh-ts pro[>oHliig tlm* 
surn-iidt r (iibraltar ami the Indiiin Kmpire. 
no means gave the whole of his time to atta> 
religion, or to providing the Positive philosopi 
He also pro<luce<l an e<lition of Aristotle's 
r.otes. and wrote a history of tho Koman El 
and volume* entitle<l " Italy an I the Westc 
" KlizalH<th of England." It is one of the 
Dr. Congrevo's philosophy was more severely 
sciciu-e and metaphysicians than by Christil 
many years that philosophy has existo<l chr 
for an intertwting disi-ouri-e on things in 
yearly in Ketter-Iano by Mr. Kre<leric Harri 
Congrevo never realJKod. It is plcnrant t 
(ollege. which was at oik' time the heath 
Positivism as IIourisliit<l at Oxforl, |)aid him t 
ele<tiiig him to an honorary fellowship. 

Our Paris Correapondent announces tho .i 
at Vitry-»ur-.Seiiie, of M. Mabtv-Lavbaiw 
Kreiich writer, whose " Lexiion of the LiiU) 
Conioillu " ii a monument of philological 



f 



I 1 *i.:- 



July 15, 1899.] 



I.ITMKATl KK. 



Corrceponbcncc. 

.^. — 

THE "QUiCSTIO DE AQUA ET TERRA." 

Ill IIIK KDITOIt 

Sir, Ml Itioinhy niifl Mr I'n^'i-t Toynix"' hb'u .^h.I.hI tolly 
Ht lii^(;<tiliiinilii. Am thuy ai« l«>th iiiufnlxtia i>l ii •m-tll aiul •<ii«.t 
party oonliiliiii; in tlio milhi'iitloity of ttix " Qu.i utio -U' Ai|uii it 
'I't'i-rn," tho iHiiranK imuk'Hi i<i t<'in|>t»<l to imk . like th« iiilrlli,»i,t 
fliilil in ttm |p<i«in, ■• Wtint tlii'V foiiiilit i »< li •■thii Ini It 

npiM'iiiH, hoWKViir, tlmt Mr. Tuyiiln'" Him aftaiil that Mi 
lli'oniliy'n ntlvocncy wnn likuly t<> ili> iimrr liuiiii than i,'<mu| 

My it'colimrtion nf tho nlViiir in an fiilji-wa : Vmir rn« irwiT 
rtitniiulu)! Mr. Mronihy that I>r. StaitAzxini, a (.'iiktiT than )>•'. 
hold o|i|Hiiiit« iipiniiina. Th»n Mr. Ti>yn)i««t raiiin <>ii tlm iii-etii., 
anil I iliatiiictly locall that Mr llromhy ■'>>ni|>laini«l nf ■ rxitnn 
irrtiVKronoc in Mr TovnlM'4-, ami ailnif>iiiiihi'<l Inm th.it. whiin ho 
liail Ktiidioil tho milijort ax Inny and an ciiofully im Mr llioinhy 

liiniM'If. Ill' wiiiild ai'kno\vlod(.;<i thi' futility .'f hi« ]<i ■i'.lin;;». 

Afti'r that I ronHidi'it-d .Mr. Hronihy oafi' in Mr TyiiU.-'ii 
liand*. 

Ntivrrtlioli'"*, I »inc<'i(ily r«>(.Mnt hnvinL' iiii"ri>|irfiH'ii|iil Mr 
Toynl>«««'ii coniimrativo toloraiirt-, and wlifnoviM- tht- " KouitiM-nlh 
<Vntiiry " ii roprinttMl I will takn c«r« that tho onor r«ii|»'<-tiii;; 
tho " Voxata ynirntio " in rorK-ctiMl. 

Vonr otiCNiittnt Borvant, V .1 SNKI.I. 

"THE HUMAN MACHINE." 

TO THE EDITOK. 

Sir, I nntifo in your ai-ticio on tlii.x l>«i>k in y..iir |>ii|'or nf 
tho 17th lilt., tho motto of this voliuno. which in ntuttxl t<> l»' 
takon from Pnwnl, " Noim roinnu'ii aiiti'iiiato luitiint iiu'onpiit " 
Tho ipiotation ia inoxact. It ("hoiiKl miii as folhiwii : '• Noun 
■ommoB I'Orps niitant qu'oRprit." 

Tho phraso follows immodiatoly the wonU, '• II no tmit [hlh 
no rivoniiaitro," and form jxirt of ono of tho ^'randeat thoii^'hti 
oxprossod hy Paaral. whicli would havo Iwon romnrkiilily woakonixl 
if he hatl n»»>d thii wonl " automat*'." 8<> miicli for altoratioim 
mado by oditors or aiithom in u»in^' tlio toriiis cf nthoi writors 
who woro tho fimt to think thoir subjert out. 

I am yours faithfully, <i. K. S. 



*»* " O. K. S. '■ seoms to Im unawaro that thoio aio various 
rendin^^B of the text of tho '• Pons.'oa." Ho i|uoto.i from ono 
odition ; Mr. Ni.sbt't. and our rcviowor <|iiot<'d fn.m anothor and a 
bettor eilition of tho '• Ponsoos." " (i. V. S. " will lind tho 
<piot«tion which lie ipiostions in Hovet's edition (1W>2), p. 1(10, 
and Louandre's (Ifttiil), p. 237. 



Hutbors anb Ipublisbcrs. 

— ♦ — 

M. Zola, ilitVoring from .•iomc of his most oiiiinont and 
imi-ailoxical critii-.i, hi>N always rotanleil hi.s own stn'npth as 
lying in " roidism " ; but no romancer of thorn all. not M. 
Gaborian hiinsolf. lould have iinontnl a diiippi'arnni o moro 
moliHlramatic and successful than M. Zola's own i<ic,»|k' last your 
from justice as administciod in civilizod Fninci' in tho year of 
praco 1S98. Tho story of this advontun> and his ensuing oxile 
wo aro to have next week, written by hi« Knglish frienil 
and companion, Mr. Krnost Vijietolly. the translator of 
his novels, and son of tho man who went to prison for pulilithinj; 



Adminirtfatlaa, Kiotiff (>•<> •'Kn*i (•« llw luuikU .( 
• lirar* M /"la. i( lui •(>.<>t •/» • Ikiloli ^,lm^l•'^ut l<> ■ ' 
h«i i;"'*^"' ""tJ> ••• •■♦••n (ie«fti«r *i>l uw»* >u tnnfit 
Hut Ian ■•!•« all K(l^'!;>kfl>«t) lixlal l,^.* a.li>,lre tKs i..(( 
not (..II. .w tliAt ttxf) aiK UniK.1 «ll I.. a,\u.ti9 Ih- b.< 
V./ri^lly , \m-\. ■■ With ZuU Id >U.«-Ulkl, ■,11 Uj... 
Mt>«ai< I 'hatlo wlio aill aloi |Mil<li>b, «■>,« »l\mt , Mt \ 
(raiialalKifi (•( (|i«< ti«« lyxal " K*n<tKllU, (lta> fif** j 
/•■la . pffo-tnl IMi« •■ tiillaloi.') 

Mr l.arii- • I'aiuladi'O •/( llf llxMixtc llyir.i 

p'lMiah«l l>« Mr (ioUTKo AiUn. «lll tm » ••t.<n,^ •'•11 
hu •.()>• r ||>.iii..|i, lraii>l«(if>t)« T)m h;>»ite* •><> H 
.oiirx'. •.fily in tho M'ttM thai lUtrj »« " t-y .^Ko (n. 
•aiiio D«iM«- ' , txit ihry .onfall, ••M-k ('•otif ,1 |. ti,>* 
Aphroltlr aiHl .Vn> hiMo. anl (Iv llvti;ii In IWtnr<rT ar, 
••■ttint; of |-rh»|« ihf nui-t pi. (■■■««|ux an.t m.nit.' i 
an. i-iit inytiw > it for all (Kx kn'-alrtl^a lor. i,^i>, 
■• holara Itavo i.f (hi* 'loiifhtfid |«riii. tK.< •;l>U|'w. x. 
Miii;lit ha\o if.lli..l m tiu< M.«>.w (ari»;ar>l, ■H'Cr 1^ 
fnto. It waa dlx otrrrtl ••> lab' a« laat ■ mlnry T)>r •'I 
thoIr III-, oaaary alvl •■\^n »aliitaft liii.llali. rva . jel l; 
III ixir tra<liti"n.>l • laMi< al • nltiirx Kaf ••.ir.^ 
ciiti< ('•'•I hy lofr* •>( tltrrat'iri. Ilmrr .ath-.l!- if laaa ! 
an I Ihi. too yilitral i);ii..rai> .. of Ih.- l|oi>.«'>i HyinrM 

the IC'Mt rolIiarkabU' of llu-m It i« U- t^ |.Tr«<>rn«al 

l.ani; s translation will I •. in |<rnaa< Kiifliah trrax. > 
li»« aaid. h la no moaaiirf «hi*h <-tvti rrtn<i>t«>ly •«>(.', 
(urifMi* flow of th.' hoxaiiii'taT Traiitlalm*. aai.! I*t. ■(. 
voraf t'vo 11" n foohio ||oiiu-r. daahni ».th tli«-ir ..»n • «, 
iiioiilihil t<i tlioir i-wn atyl.' . tranaUt"ra who • tiiploy |«. 
tho story without tho a..ni;." hit at haat Owj xbl it., t 
" Uaiitioa " atwl .iK-ap c.in.oita of th.ir ..wn Ttw .4 
woul.l apply I.aa. no .l.>ubt. to llw Mvi.ina than t.. to.- .p 
except in fiigitiw' a|>.<. iiiiona krxl |aar<alu«. Mr l^iig 
Wo think, tiv.'ii lis any vora«. tranalation aiiv ha pr« 
)H>uk of " ItalU'N ami l.yri.a ..f Ol.l Krait.f." art.) Kp hi 
proao an th<' ni.'<liuiii of Ida ttan«lati»f> not only ■■( ( 
rpi.s. but "f the (Jri-.'k i.lylltsta 

In «pitt' of .Mr J..hn M.>rloy"a .-•>m|«r«tit>' e>4wW(Bi 
them, (tray's I.<'tler« notor ahoiilil. an), onr may Ik.] 
will, hi.-k rea.l.'ra. ami ^ratofiil simI iloli^ht*-.! r«<*ilrt« 
of th<> siM'.'ial . haims ..f Meaara Macmillan'a •• Ktrrviry L 
(whiToin b1»" may b«' (oiiivl th.' irntinta o( Mr M- rU-i 
that it contains the handi.'st atxl brat "aliti.iks ..( Utr 
tin.'st li'ttor-writi-rs in i.iir litoratur.'. At thro^ ■liff.-rv'fl 
\<ctm Thomas (.Stay. < 'harl"* l.ainb. ar.<l fUlaanl Kit 
With all ilui' n'gnnl t.> thi' initiati<.n .>( Maaoa ao.) t 
|»'rs.'v.rinj: lalx'urs of MitfonI, it may Nn aaiil that Mr 
•slition in this *<.H.'a was th.' tirat in «hi<-h (tray aa a U'tlj 
poulil Ix' prop..rly appn^ciat^al A Dow nliti.4i ••^ (tray '■ 
is now to U' add.sl tu IIm- Itnhn I.ibran««. which, ondpr 
I<i'ir« manap'OH'tit. an- worthily continuinK thvir li 
••Tviii' t.> lit.ratiiri' »•> lortiially rpofiniaa'tl by ('arlyi 
.•<lit.'r of thi" now slition il Mr f>iii><^aii «' Totvy. ■•< 
«'oll.'j;i'. » 'ambriiljjo, wh'> in IfWt pul>li*h<'al throOfh iVCa 
I niv..r»ity I'n'ss a \olumo on " Oray ami Hia Knrtkla, 
h'ltors and r.'lics. in cn-»t |«irt till ti>«'n unpublialvial 
famous •■ yiiailrtipl.' Allirmv' " "I Kton (ri.'mU (Jrar. > 
.Vtht.'n. and Kichmd W.'st 

.\ n.'W islition is in |<n'|«iration ••( that .i-j-Ilrnt 
r. li'r»'Hco. CiiamlHTs' Kncycl..p.'» dia .'f Kni;U*h I.it>r*tar< 
thi' >tlit.>rship of Dr Patrick, who ia ..« ibia larsai.K 
».a*ist<al by various ominont iiamla The H>Ja<.>« haa 
the follnwinc pr>">f of th.' u.«.'(ulno«a of tho w..rk »n<I t 



56 



LITERATURE. 



[Ju 



•diUw* in quaat u( rO(>y « lUi moil uf li|:ht awl t«afiing ii|<|«r««tly 
•o ailliiHI U> bv ImI. 

A XuMik uo '- Tlw TruutMwIours ml H<>ii>«," which Mr. Juatin 
U South, k philolufitt »inn«i-ia<i vilb Hartani rnirarnitv. is 
pr»t«rinc (or M<«>r>. i'liUiam. shotUd Iw »( iiiton-at It i« 
not ubIv (>ir thvir hictoricml important^ >• iJi" nnxlvlx nf tho 
Minn««i'nciT» aiHl a« the mit>»tr<'l* •>( tho Ijrrti- form of 
PronxKw ituitatol U<Ui' in Italy aiui S|-ain (tliou;:li tint ill 
Kn^tlaiKli that Uio !■ >f-riiyt attract Uh' *tii<l»iit <•( lit«raturv. 
Ttwy «M« al«» II <>*t aniu>ini; |iiT*onaliti<Mi If «o ntay ju<l|;p 
inttu tho •lor> o( tifoifrwj Kwlol lU lUavf. wli" ffll »<> <hH>plj- in 
lore «ith a ladv DrVrr ai-rii l>,v him that ti<> ili*!! at th<< tirat tltiht 
ol hac. t)w trouhaii.iiira watv not auch aaleiita in tha art of luve in 
Actual 111* a> in rt<-itatl«n. 

Mr IV-njamin Swift'i in»w n.>v<.| ia to Ix' oalltwl " S\T<'n 
t'ilT *' Ottf ara^iia to rt<r>>ll<H-t a ntitit utturaiiO' of Mr. Swift 
tit ih<- fl(<vt that lht>n- waa alnady t<>o iniioh writini; in Hw 
»\irl<l. anil Uo' nuiny Ixok* and wiitt-ra Hut |HThapa tnis pioua 
opinion. utt<T»-<l in holiday iiu"d fur away from tttt- Syn-n City, 
niuat D'-t Im< I n-aaitl a^init hi* ini|iiilM> to t*xpri>aa hinia<>lf any 
morr- tlian iIh- i>l<a|iifnt i>raia<> of ailcno- of hi* omincnt Country- 
man, thf lat<- Mr t'arlyif. Bv tli<- way. what in the authority 
|.«- ih«' «|><-llinff. ■■ >)'rvn " ' iTitrr*- ia prt<c««leot for it. no ilouht. 
Thi* prot>>(\^H- 'if Ucorgi* Kliot's Tin*, aa wi- lately rtwd in Iah\\ 
Ntw«h-j;atr'» l»iok. waa rallol hy hfi frifii<U "' The LittK- Syren,'' 
aiH) the dirtionarii'a (five the alternative a|M>lliii);a. But Uie 
<>nt:inal ain-na. rit-mxa' friemlii. spolt tboir name in Grwlc 
'• Sriren." not •• Siir»-n "' 

A " Hiatory uf Biiaaia from tho S<>vaiit<<<>nth Centurv U> the 
Criinran Wnr " in •nnouno'«l by Meaxrs. Methuen for piihlication 
thin autumn Th«> autlior ia Mr. >V. K. Murlill, tliu Oxford 
I'nirarnity IU>ail>r in Kuaaiau. 

It ia annouimol that Mr. l-^lwnnl A. KitEf^uraM'a lu-count of 
hia Soutli An>«ric*n travels will Iv c-allwl '• The Hiu'liefit AndoH.'" 
Thi* title ihould, perhapx, hnvo In'«-ii left for Sir \Villiiim Martin 
CVmwwy, who, thoii(;h he faileil to nach tho summit of Soriita, 
rlimbed it to a preater h«i|;ht than the aiimmit of Aconcagua, 
which, l<y th« way, Mr. Kits^^erald did not n«ch. 

■' (iool Citizi-nahip " in the title of a )>ook Moaar*. Allen 
will puldiah thortly, containing cuntrilmtions on social duty 
(rum rarioua writers. 

The K*v. T. H. Paasmore is i>ie|»iinK a book ontitltd " Tho 
Sacmi Vcatinentu, " an Knglinh rendering of the thinl IxMik of the 



" Kationitle Oivinoriim OtiiciAnini " of Dunk 
Mendu in the thirtaenth cvntury. MMsn. Si 
puhlinhorii. 

Mis* Krelvn Sharii's ih'w fairv-l>ook is I 
Other Side of' tho Sun," not '• The tHher 8 
It will Ih> illiistratwt liy Miaa Nellia Syrett, w1 
fur a fair)--talo of hor aiatar, Mits Netta Syi 
ago. 

Mr. .lohn Long is puhlishlni; Mr. T. 
noTel, '• Tlie t'rime in the WimmI." Mr. Six 
of aoiiio twenty novela, aonie of which nut w 
Charlea Dickons, and ap|i»«r»<l serially in Hoi 

On MoiiiUy next Mr. John Milne wi 
ealitinns of two volumes of the Exprxiaa Sorii 
(•rit," l>v M .jor Artiiur (iriflitha, and " A I 
hy Mr. Ir.. ¥ Knight. 

A se<|uel to " A L<itus Flower." hy Mr. J 
entitled " K*en If, " ia to )>u iniblislu'd l>y M 
tho beginnint^ of ,Sopteiiil>er. Tile scene is pa 
a country which Mr. do (iroot has closely atu 

Mr. Cluirlt'S Hiuinan's play in four acts, 
thf Siltiatioii. will lie pro<luii'd liy Mr. Norniai 
first instanoe at St. Leonard's t'avilion for \ 
.liily 1>4. 

Mrs. Archit>ald Little's sketches of lift- in 
which we r»<vi«w«d the othttr day. coiilil I 
more alutiificunt pntise than that of Mr. Ht 
has stiitud tlial he hail luaint iiii.ru ubuiit 
fmm any other work on the country. An < 
student of ancient institutions nnd religious 
outside the onlinary " puff paragraph." 

Mr. Douglas Sliulen writes from the Autt 
You state in your issue of July 1st 
upon a new piofuiuiion us a lituraiy agent 
Mr. .1. Kveleigh Naidi. This announceuieii 
the authority of Mr. Na»h or myself, and in 
are not ivirtners, and have no intention of 
I have a business arrangement with Mr. N 
will gix'o particulars when I have submit 
think this shoiilil be ilono in justii-e to 
paragmph. But having lioen broil to tho la 
not wise to allow an erroneous statement c 
iimxirrecte'l. 



LIST OF NEW BOOKS AND EEPRINTS. 



BIOGRAPHY. 
Pop* L.w> XIII. IU« Ufr nnd 

W iwk. Mj Juliam </<■ Sarfon. 
Tr*fi"l»!c»l frtini thr Krx-nrh )iv (i. 
A. lUpcr. »< • Stn.. a: m>. I»nd..n. 
Un. (Itatiiniin & lliill. Tt. htl. 

■MBOtraorUiaSldnay Pamlljr 
Bt l't>'l>t> .>••'>•''». t • .sin., XUpft. 
Ijondon. IWM I'noir.. UK «d. n. 



^ _ J from th* DIaplMl of 

■t>a. PtilUp Lybba Powy% 

l76«-l«0e.^Kdlird Nr Kmily J. 
Ctrwtnunm. 9-<lln.. Xri pp. Lon- 
4oa. UML I^.riKnian-. 16>. 

BDUCATIONAI^ 

Common Sanaa In Bdueatlon 

•ad Taaohlac. Mr /'. .4. 

Bariutt, T ■ Mn., 'M*' 1*lt. Ixtmlnn. 

Ifla. IjmiKmMn'^ 0n. 

FICTION. 
OUaa Iactl>>y. ><r >•'. K yorriM. 
T| • Ht:.. fe pp. Lcnidi.ri. inn. 

MrLhucn. «". 

TlM WhiM Klac or MaiMM. 

An A nin** "^p^nl-b l*.'<tii:inrf . Hy 

JotraJt Hmtlon. 'i^^ttia.. IB pp. 

Loodon. im. liui<)iin>on. (W. 



\ ltomrtii«-r 
at KoMi*. l\} Jokm A'. I^f. 
Tt K tin.. M« Pt>. txMAon. UHi. 

MampKw l»w. 
Um UuMi of ttM Wotn- 
Or **:»■ M'aJkrr. T^xUn.. 
Lmodoa. iwa. 



>W>- 



Lova Shall Ralarn Supreme. 

Bt li. s. .«.(in/«. 74-.Mn.. 102 pp. 
IXJU. .North Hfnfor<L.liir« Printing 
■OKI )>t:li!iHliinK Co. 
The Perils of Jooephlne. Br 

/^/nl Erni ht Hinitiltun. HixAin.. 

3U pp. U>nilon. INJU. Inwln. ««. 
Zobolr: op, Turkish Mlarula. 

Hj- Millitim St. riiiir. Tj-ilii.. 

2Mpp. I.ondon. 1>«U. 

I'iKby. Lonic. 3>i. (Id. 
Dead Oppressors. Ky rhomnt 

I'tnkrrlon. T(^.'lln.. 2MI pp. Lon 

don. ISW. .•^.inrHii"clicln. Ot, 

HISTORY. 
Ths Counter-Reformation In 

Burops. Hy thr Hrr. {anon 
I'rnninf/tim, it ■ Oln.. ?7R pp. Ijitn- 
dim. IWU. Klhi>i HtiK k. 

The Russian Fleet under 
Peter the Oreat. Ky i <'»n. 
triuponu-T KiiKlUtiiniii) ilT'JIi. yUl. 
hv Vicc-Aitrnirai <\ A. O. ffriili/r, 
K.C.H. W-eUi.. 1S1 pp. I/ondon. 
IHW. Siivy Itiionl" Soclcly. 

The Making of Hawaii. Ry 
li'Uiiiim i-rrmoitt Htockman, tt.K 
On.. »> pp. I»iidoii. \m». 

MArrnlllon. 7k. 6d. n. 
LITERARY. 

Basays In Librarlanship and 
Bibliography. Ity Ihrhard 
Uarnrtt. I.H.. LL1». ;i»SiD., 
33W pp. I/Ondun. 1MB. 

Ueorvr Allen. 6«, o. 



POETRY, 

Jephthah, and other Mys- 
teries, t.vrirni nnd Ilniiimtic. Iljr 
.(/. l»^r (Yotrtru. HxGill., 221 DP, 
Uiiidoji. lULtt. Ki-KUi Paul. 7ii. ad. 

"Soldlerln'." A Kcw Mllllary 
KillodH hy J. A. .v. (.lohn Kontnn 
Ih'tiiiinKI. SxitJIn.. 6Sp|>. Hoiiihny, 
\l*n. Iiidinn TextlloJotiniiilCo. ill. 

Weeds and FIowopb. Hy Hi/ 
Inim l.iilhrr l.uii<j»toff. 71x&itii.. 
1^2 pp. London InOU. 

(ireeninii. a-. (WI. n. 

The Heavenly Bridegroom. 
H\ Itnl>rTl TUumson. 7t • .lln.. iOpp. 
l..iiiil<>ti. IKSf.i. KIHoi Sto<-k. 

Monabozo. Hv Framis Seitnon. 
7 ■ 6iii.. UU pp. Lolidoti, IWI. 

Miu-qucrn. 

Poems and Paragraphs. Ky 
Uninj Arrlinu. 7) ■ 'lin.. Isli pp. 
IvoiidcM), l.MH*. Iti«h>. \AmK. 5-. II. 
REPRINTS. 

ASslectlon fpom the Postry 
of Samuel Daniel and 
MIohasI Drayton. With an 
Inlrodurttoii iiiul ,\i>t*'*,hy Iho Jicr, 

H. C. llrirhinu. 7 ■ Mill.. 1*1 pp. 

Ixiiidon. IMW. llcnt. Sh. (Id. n. 

The Raven, The Pit, and Ths 
Pendulum. By Ktiunr Allan 
/'or, Wilh .Seven lUustralionK 
nnd a (over UoKiKn hy \V. T. 
Hort<in. andSoinc A(X^ollnt of the 
Author by Vincent O'HuIIIvkii. 
llixIMn..37pp. I>ondnii. IHm. 



A History ( 

Jl. t : Man 
Ixindon. IDU 

TH 

The Msssii 

the Chun 

Arthur iiii 
1..4illdon. IK'.' 

Bible Stor 

l1'li« .Miidor 
with Inirm 
U. a. Mm 
191 pp. \Mf\ 

The Atone 

tiiMilarly ii 
Theology « 
iKlHhop Jc 
KsMiy for U 

thi-rn. "4 X 
It?!!'. 

An Arabic 
Acts of I 
the Seven 

1-JI. hy Mur 
.M.It.A..H. 
hriilKe. 1HMI. 
The l"rii\ 
The Book ( 
lure Koriii 
l're«ent Tli 
•• Tho New 1 
London. ItM 

wmia 

TOP 



literature 



Edited by 9. 9. iraiU. 



Publlah*d by Skf 7imri. 



No. ir.' HATL'ItOAV. JII.V i!. IMHIt. 

CONTKNTS. 



nam 

Ij«adlngr Article .loniiiiiliNni iiml Clitl'^liiiiiKv .*>7 
"Among my Books," " lliiiixunl." II., li\ Mi. MiihiK-l 

Mik-DiiiiukIi "ti 

Poem "In Huiiiinfi-Tiiiii-," liv H. ('. .M. 1» 

An Unpublished Sketob, by Sir Walter Scott 7;: 

Thomas Pennant, I'v W. .1. I">ii.ii ho 

Reviews 

Dictiiiiinry of Niitioiml llioKiii|ih\-, N'ul. I. IX. .'ill 

Tlu' Coiintcr-Rt'foriiiiilioii in Kiii-<i|m' tli 

The HoukIi Uiiliiv. Ill 

The HiKtory o( VidtliHli Liti-i'iktiiir ill 

Fiiii.H4kK*'>* from tin- I)iiiiii"»of .Mr--. I'liilip I.vIiIm- l'o»y« lU 

Hi«(M>nt V.>n.t<, I 'Kl. lU 

Ht*teTrialN IH 

HlHtoHciil MiiniiiMTiptN ('oniniiitiioii iW'i 

Ai'tN of the I'rivy Council ll."i 

Kpi^toliii- .Viiulnnii id- Oxon iHt 

Othar Naw Books •^ 

Now KiikCUxh l>iilimmr\ K»-«i} « «u HoImtI HroniiliiK - With 
/oln In KiiKlnnrt -Tin- M.ikiiiK of Hitwiiii Mr. .Mlino- »>ut) 
WritliiK 'r«xt-H<M>k of Plrtnl IHM».i-»4>t iMwiwtthopt iktitt l.«t!«-r* 
Itclutiiiic to till' llltK'kailr of Hrii->i Ill-iory of llii- ltn<.l.in 
Xiivy niiriiiif th« Iti'luii of I'rlrr lliu (irtiit MuiuUoiml 
llooks . m. 117. IIS. Ul 

Plotlon - 

ThoCuxtoni of Uio ( ounlry--Tlint Komiiie Hoth (lrr«i i»ncj .Sinull 
-Tto .Shorl Liiiu War Jrsn- I)iliiiif> .\ Miirlliil I.l»l.lhu 
Th« Miliflr of till' l)e>.orl - Itolinlil und I ( liroiilrln.. of TtMilj » 
Viliu*co JaMin dial other .storif^ Tlio iHjloiiiitv r.ivmi Th»* 
Kx|M"ri<"m-r of IKinithv Lolicli Htuir o' Dm (oiiHclrnrr 
Uo-M»lb« 81. >tJ 

Foreign Letter -UniKHria Tti 

Obituary— Hi>liop of Limerick SH 

Copreapondono* .Murliiiiur C'olll>i.-< iMnb<<l ColUiiiO K{ 

Notes .>S, :i>, 7t, 7:1. 711. 77. 7.S 

Authors and Publishers Ki, M 

List of New Books and Reprints Hi 

JOURNALISM AND CHRISTIANITY. 



The idea of a •' Chri.stian daily new!<jiaj)er " owes it« 
actuality, if not it.< orisiin, to Mr. ClmrU's Slieliion'?! 
popular pamplilet. entitled " In His Steps." Sinci- Mr. 
Sheldon started tlie .subject, however, it has been dili- 
gently discussed by many other earnest jierson.- — mainly 
Nonconformists — and may reasonably be supjw.stHl to have 
aroused the interest of a con.siderable circle of news|>a|)«'r 
readers. Would a Christian ilaily news|v»jier pay? is the 
question into which the problem ha.s U>en compressed by 
the majority of those who have, so far, taken part in the 
debate : and it is far from Ix'intr such a nurelv sordid 



\f>rtain:r, |> tu llltltf ihr c<ilifu>t<»i of ()t<>Uj(ti 

iiivitnably mult* altrii •r(;uinriit i» la^ub 
prrviouji n^rrrinr'iil m» Ut llm ilrUtttlittu ut Ivftt 
inii«t lirit ciiiiaidT pri-f (•'•ly aiiat a • !irt><Mb iIai 
|ia|>r>r incMio, and in « list |«rtu-uUr< \i tiiu«t t' 
to diffff from iHbrr daily ur«*|«|a-t>. 

I iifi>rtiiimt>>ly, it la ju*l in thi» r>M-nti«l px- 
dffinitioii thnl till' rrtur u( tlir vltulr difhiriiUy ii 
aiialo|{ira <iupplt>-<l by othrr «|irrialicnl •Utlir oi-«*|: 
not lirip u> in tlii' lra«l. ilii<> Dut;'it ar(;iK- that 
ii|i>)rtiii;; niid lin<ii)< ml ilady iH'VaiJAiirr* gi*'' u* i 
thnii dnily infiiriiiAtion aUiut »\»nt and hnanf- 
ti\ely, Ko A < 'liriotiaii liady ti'-a«|«|iii-r aoiiM gitr 
cIm' tliun ilnily inloriitatiitn almul • lirt*tianity - t.' 
iiieiitjt of tniui)>tcn>, thf rvli^iou* inrflmj^a o( Uyi 
conxernioii of tiie hentlii-n, l)i<* <<ii)>r< latiun •>( | 
wofithip. .\ journal thu.« lonc^-ivnl ac>ul<l crrti 
entitltnl, by all the liiw» of lojjir, to Ik- callnl a « 
linilv ni'Wi<|ia|MT ; niid tlnxM* of u< wlio liav li 
define, nccordin;; to the riilf«, j^f gmum H ilijin 
nii^ht well ax.Hunie that thi« i» wliat i* mnuti 
etpially cli-ar, howr\rr — lo}»io or no logii - -tluit tb 
what is meant by ••itb«T .Mr. ."^beldon or th 
have develo|ie<i and del«te<l hi.* |iro|ioaal. A 1 
daily new.H{ut|M>r for them ix n np«ii|«per «hi 
gi\e the i;<'neral ne»» of the 'Uy— »illi tin 
tion of such news an may, for njirvitir trv 
exclutleil ; but, at the ^n^le time, alike in the 
of the new.t, and the tnvitment jif it. and (pmmn 
the commercial mana^'ement of the oTffun. they r 
" .sort of a somi'thinn " which »hall warrant the ufr^ 
of the distin;;uishin(; epith<'t " I ■hri»ti*ii." I'l 
can id«>ntify thi.'t " sort of a -lomelbing," it i« in 
f()r us to ijet to done i|uarter!< wilh the nubject. 

The first |iroblriii i>f the ^elevtion of ne^ 
probably cau.^' no einl)«rni.«sment to .Mr. .*»he|. 
knows, and has exjilaine<l, exactly what oort of 
wants to publish, and what sort of new* he « 
suppres>. Hut it present.* a couAiiierable emlmn 
to the imiHirtial inve)ttii;ator who ha* hail the opf 
of ol>ser\ing that Mr. Sheldon's numer>u« (olio 
bv no mean'« of one mind on the mattT. .Some 
would have no news aliout the theatri*9> ; but one . 
writing in the I'lirilaii. urges the inrla«ion of 1 
criticism on the ground that I»r. Morton fof Ha? 
likes to read it. Hy fianty of rea-oning thi« gentb 
lie constraine<i to allow the admiM>ibilitT of •]>ort 
/fhouffh he obiivts to it at nresenti a« Moo a< -'i: 



58 



f.lTERATlJRE. 



[Jul) 



pxtd to insert tlirni fur th« pur]KKM> of iiillorying evil- 
dorm who (-<tnnot Ix* |iuniii|iF<i in nnv othi>r wh\. Iloth 
vi«>»!i uv rntidiil to a li«-iiriii<;. Hut tli<*,v (viniiot lH>tli Ix* 
held Kt onif ; aud until the ndvoi-»t<*i( of CliriiitiAn dnily 
ne« !i(i«|>r>rs li«v«« d<vi(l(*<i lM*twifn tluMii — ami linvf hIm) 
rtmir to nn njjnfnirnt on tlif otlur j>iiint> intii<-«t«"«i in 
thi* )«m;;ni|>li — it i« imj>oMil)l«» for any on«« to mm* how, in 
th«> mattfr of n«*wii at all i-vi-nU, n |>rof«>>.<i>«lly Christiiin 
jountal will di»tin};ui»l> itwlf fn>ni iiny otlicr \M\n'T that 
iniglit !«•> nanxtl. 

In thf <-oniineri-i«l »lfi>artini'nt it has In^en su^- 
^e<>tc<l that a ('lirii'tiiin daily n(WK|Hi|NT niif^ht caru our 
uoldcn opinions hy n'fu>in;; objpotionable advcrtiiiementK. 
n«t obviounly o|ije«-tional>!e ndviTtisi'inentu art' nin'ndy 
I'xcludetl fmni the i><ilunin< of nil ^'^lH•otnbl«• jourimU. 
<'tlri^ti«n or other* Im*. w that this ]iart of the programme 
|ire*«'nt-< no element of novelty ; and when one prt>jioses 
to <ln»w up inon' htrinj;ent rule>i, einlwrrH.-sment iit once 
Jiegin*. Mr. Shelilon's idea was that a Christian daily 
)ia|>er shouM n>jei-t the advert i.-^emenlx of the lohu-co 
inerohanti* ; hut t hie is one of the detail.s in whicii the 
'lifioiple* repudiate the master. Nor \n it easy to see 
how they •■an help doinp so. The c-onnexion Iw'tween 
<'hri«tianity and anti-tol a^•^•oi^Iu is obscure, the New 
Testament no more ]>rohihitin^ the use of tolmcoo t hnn 
it prohibit-H the use of i-ojip. 'W-t what is there left for 
the Christian censor of wlvertisements fo do? He might 
<-onoei\-ably insist that all the advertisers should always 
tell the truth, and decline to print any statement which 
he considered misleading or exaggenite<l concerning a 
cocoa, a soap, a jntent medicine, or even a collection 
of the one hundre<l best novels in the world. But this 
vouhi l)e impracticable without apj)ointing " si)ecial 
commissioners " to read the novels, wiish with the soajw, 
and take the me<licines — an extension of the functions of 
journalism which we imagine that not even Mr. Sheldon 
contemplates. Whence it follows that the scope for 
Christian sfiecialization in the advertisement dejwrtment 
is inconsiderable. 

There remains the de]iartment of editorial opinion ; 
and here it looks, at first, as though we might hojK' for 
jilainer sailing, ^'et, ui>on analysis, even that hojie will 
he found to be illusory. In a certain sense — and up to a 
certain jwint — almost all the existing daily news|»a|>erK 
might reasonably Iv de«cril>e<l as "Christian." All of 
them, that is to say, refrain from attacking Christianity, 
though they find it imjiossible to apply all the jjri-cejits 
of Uie (fosjw'ls, literally and without (junlification, to all 
the |»roblems of contemiX)niry jwlitics. Could the e<litor 
of a di«tinctively Christian chiily news|>a|M>r actdifl'erently ? 
(Hie fails to s*-*- how he could urge the (lovernment 
to settle such <juei(tion« as those of Fashoda, the Niger, 
and the TrBn(\'aal on the theorN' that the mi-ek will 



the bermon on the Mount, he can only 
justiiv with practical exiie«liency, and put 
the S<Miuon on the .Mount as tiie exig 
interests (or Church intt^reats, or Noni!onf< 
or Irish Nationalist interests, or I'lstcr I'roi 
may fmm time to time reipiire. Hut thai 
is already l)eing done by e<litors who nm 
by profession. 

The conclusion of the whole matter i 
of c>ourse, that Christianity should l)e unni 
Press, but rather that the advocates oi : 
iiews|Hi|H>r have so far failed to prov 
news|Mi|)er (if it were produced as anytl 
the organ of a few faddists) would differ 
]>articular from the liest of the daily news) 
existence. The Christianity of Mr. Sheldor 
abstinence fmm tobacco, and the Chr 
Druniont, which is another name for anti 
not l)e mirrored in the editorial colum 
Knglish dailies. Hut, if broader views t 
religion be taken, then many of our leadi 
and ]>rovincinl journals may announce 
Christian daily news|>!ipers to-morrow, ami 
to prove the designation a misnomer. ■ 



in the current number of the AuUior 
siirning himself" H " offers some excellei 
" casual contributor," who certainly canni 
above the need of it. The three ruh 
lays down for his guidance, though the 
cover the whole groimd, are of unim|)each 
and he will deserve the warmest gratituch- 
second and third of these should, thanks I 
more generally adojited. As to the first 
mends tiie contributor to " offer his wo 
magazines and pajH-rs only," its reasons, 
other, are obvious enough on its face, but 
contributor alone. Kule II., however, 
golden counsel to " study the rules of tl 
forth in the editorial notices"; to have his 
sent "flat, not roiIe<l into a tight cylind 
accompanying note as short as {wssible, ai 
to explain the merits* of his work, still 
argument (td miitericordiam,. The third 
an invaluable discourse on the "magic o: 
enjoins the practice of the virtue, " ev 
nothing of your jMS, for some time." Ai 
with the salutary warning to the contri 
write ferocious letters to the cnlitor is won 
I'ossibly he may be goaded " into retur 
even when it is in lyis'" — though we mii 
fenx'ity must indeed 1m» appalling which w 
extreme a measure — and " probably you 
deter bitn from accepting the nextconlribi 

Any one can see from these shrewd o 
" II," to Use a colhsiuialism, "knows the r< 



July 22, 1899. 



MTKKATIKH 



the I.ilM'iiil lfiir|<Titlii|» to it lit.Tnrv n-vi.w fioin wlii»r 
|)ii>jfH purl V |M>lilii« firr ri;^i.riMi>.lv i"*!-!!!.!!-!! ; i,r •••inltn;; n 
hkftrli of 11 fiiuthiill iiijitili ti> It Krifiitilh' juiiriinl ; or 
wooing tliK editor of ii liiiiiiiriitl mill •••■oiioiimnl or;;!!)! »it>i 
A K()»iicl-He(|inri(»>. And fviu ttio.f •• iiioiiitl i oiiinlmtoni " 
will) nir liol r.iMtlitl )Miiiii|^li to iii.'tkf i|((it<- «iic !i i;ro.« 

iiiintiikcM UN lliih iiii^lil Mivi« IIiciiim-Im-x ti nnil i|i«- 

u|ii>niiilfiiiiit l)y iimkiiit; •.oiii.- pr. liiniiiiiry •Kort to iIim ovrr 
wliftliiT, fvi'ii wlifii tlirir |mo|h>i.imI roiitriliiitioiio nrr imt 
jj!liiriii;;ly unHiiitnl>|i-, in |>oitit of »iil>jf«t, to llm |M<riiHli(:Nl 
lor wliicli they arc int<-n<|ii|, liny U-nr iiiiy ilfj^'rtT of 
rcn«Tnl)liin(i' uk rfi,'iiril» niyU- mnl trrnln>rnt to (lit- nrtn li-« 
iiniiully apiii-iiiitiL; in lis < oliiiiitiii. Itiit tliii< i^. |M-rliiip« n 
coiiiiKfl of piTlfitioii «lii( li only Hit* "i uxii'il tonlrilnitor " of 
tlit> far fiiliiri' i^ liki-lv'lo •■inliiiiii*. 

An iiiti-n^tiii;; ipuv-lmn ii>. In tin- rivul nii-rit-. ol tin- 
(Inuiiii anil llic novrl a>- litrriiiy iiifilniiii>< is riii-i'il liv Mr. 
Harry 'I'luiiston I'l-rk in a inl(>;,'y of KnI/jir < onli iiuiliNl 
to tlir ('(iKiiinfMtl ilii II : 

Kri'iioli rrillm |»iiyM Mi, Pick | link his nniiin Mitli lliul i>f 
Shitki'H|>«arii, wIiiIk Kii;;IikIi crilirs x«wii lo tliilik tlutl a rimi- 
ittiriKuii liki< tills in vi<iy iliiiiii; My own l.i>li«f m tli.il .il tlm 
lust hJH iiiinm Hill 1m. |i1oiimI lii-li. r ►till lli.m Slmk..s|».i«in«. iit 
thu very iiisiK of tliii pyruiniil c.f lit.'raiy faiiuv A iiiivi-li>t, if li.i 
Imi Its i-runt ns Ital/no, is fur iiioro fortiiiinlK tlinii tli>' ilrniiiittot , 
for tlin iiovi I iiiliiiilN of till' |M<iffH-t I'toliitioii of i-liamcttT in iti 
ino.st iiiiiiiito ilxUiiU, wliili> til)' ilruiiintist i an at tln' most ^i^o 
only a wrics of iiiipriwsiiiiiN. 

Stated finis, till' nri^iiini'iit that Ihr ait of plavwriliii;; is 
ni'ci'HHarily iiih-rior to that of novfl «ritino is inroinph-li- 
and lini'onviiirini;. It is ns thoii:;li oik* wi-ri- to sav that 
the paintiM- is ncn'ssarily a j^icati-r man tluiii fli»> 
Sculptor Iwcaiisi' 111- is ahli> to n-ndi-r rolour as wi-ll as 
form. Till' ipirstion is an inti-ri'stino om-, Iiowi-mt. and 
not till' li'Msl important aspi-rt of it is that tin- novi-li>ts 
thf'ins«'lvi's do not srom to ni;rcc with Mr. i'ltk. With 
one aci'ord, they all Iwijin to wrilf for the stajje, uheiieviT 
they see ii cliMiire of f;ettiiij; their plays pMNliicfd. W'hv ? 
Is it for the money? Or for the in>tanlan<'oiis piainlit.s 
wliieh are the es|M'(i:il nlory of the ait orV life ? ( )r are 
they troubled hy a lonfii'.ioii of ideas, and dis|M>sed to 
think that, liei'aiise it is harder to i;et a plav priMlueii! 
than to <;et a novel pulilislnil, the art of llxien niiil 
Maeterlinik is j^renter than the art of Thiukerny and 
Kieldini;? '{'he man who I'ould he sure of aiisuerini; 
these ipiestioiis I'orrecfly would Ix- a profound pliiiosopln-r. 

The i-ase of the Seottisli prisoner who prote>te<i 
because there was no '• Hums " on the shelves of his j 
j)ri»oii lilirniy sets one relhvtin^ on the piinciples on 
which hooks for sueh lihrnries should Ix- seleeted. If 
prisoners are merely to In- allowed to read as a reward for 
goo«l beha\ iour and if the puriM)se of their rejuliii;; i> 
merely to help them to forget for a time the misery of i 
their eireumstances — ii set of sensational nmels would | 
prolmhiy meet the nei-essities of the ease. In view, how- ' 
ever, of the salutary etVect whieh well-ehoMMi l>ook- are : 
Kvid to have in strenijthenin^ and elevating hiininn i 
chariicter, it mii;ht plausihiy he arjjued tliat a " iour>e of i 
reaiiinj;; " should he inehnled in the jiiison diseipline, nnd 



iMiiiit for thr> io<|Uiry ; and ri|i«'iirt»rf •uuUi (Ua^^j 

llP-lila. \\r <|U'-«llol>, Itiynrtrf, •Itetlirt Uk" 
ltuiii« Moilhl Ih' found in Biiv of nllirt iIm- uti^f 
ain«<iidi-i| hat*. 



■Reviews. 



Dictionary of National lUoifnipby 

\\ <ik-'iiidii \\ .tikiix. U, n in , l.'4« |>|. i.H^i. 



V 

\t 

Btnxxh m>\ 

\ This vollini«< of Dir " Ihi tloiiAfv of Natt'i 

^.Titpliv " •'••iilnin*, ioii;;lily, aliotit f.<iw lituxirnl I 

• tepirseiit* a frn<-(ion only of ihijt*- »ti|r li itittv ir 
Inlt'T \V, and It luu to iLow ainuiiK it* l»«it liiji> 
more tliiiii lliri-<> or four iiainr« •lurli a>f imlli 
' litsK iin|iortniii ••. Tliia, >o far frotn I"!!);; a • >■( 
as any intel|iy.-i,l iir-rion »ho •liidi<-« ihr- ..,\uti,r 
a testimony to tin- vnlm-of tlo> ti>o>iuiio'nl«I hu.\ 
In \\.* ri;;oroi|s iii\e>ti),'ale>ii of iiiinor tialion*! 
their f;imily lii>|riry mimI Itt- n'illi"ri'i<-« f-if llir 

I their li\es, .iirli n Work is like |l|f iii'irt«r wholi I 
, isliti'-e of history I'H^et'iir, nixl it iiit> xtfi-W !"• • 
there is not n |iaL;e m it «lii<li will tiol |m- ■>( talu 
, ehroiiiclei of milliners, «if < iiltiire, •>» of >-t.^til 
\Val|i<i|es Iwlwefn tle-rn (»■ iipy nhotit n liintit |u> 
IsMik. .*>ir IJoImM \\',il|sili' Is ihndl •illi *<-ry fi 
rthly hy .Mr. I. >. I,inclini, while Mr. Austin h 

• pio|M-ilv sehi-liij ns llie (itt'sl li|'>i>r«plirT ol 
\Val|io|e. Ilorni-e's tN-liavioiir f'i»nrds • li»U«-ft<» 

I he at first |i(itroiii/>-il, niiil then it;nori->l - n- 
■ returnint; \<\> (>ii|nt<- uithoiit rr'-at d'l.tv -is ui. 
j e«timiite>l hv Mr. l>o|i.on : 

\{n iiii;;lil, no (loulit, ImVi- nctnl morn )>.n'«>.|o1itIf 
{-oi)siili«ritt«'ly Milt h<* lia/l Iswn tio«l*.«l at tlu< outsit. 
nil*. t4> iiinke loin rt^iNMisililf* for I 'hatl^rton • urtti 
li»-ikiiso III' failisl t" ah ot Iiiiiit4-U an ■ loal |ulr'>(i 

The yreat I'lime Mini-t'-r who •• clinn;;rt| tlir ■ 
;;ia\ify from the House of |.<i:d' to the i{ 
• •immons." and his son, the e|e;^nnt letter-* 

.■^Irawlierry Mill, ».-re liy no means tli >Iv or i 

menilx'r> of the fiiinilv to mrn their jilnir- in the 
riTord". Moraie \\'nl|»«|e'» iinrle niid ii.itne>uk< 
|Militi(-ian and diploiniitist of weight, niid, a.* .\|r 
Ward |)<)inls out, his reputation ha-s iindulr siitTen 
the irn*spon>il>le ittriitiires of his iiminhle ne|.ln 
d»"SiriN"<i liiin as "one « lio kne\t lu'ra-'thiii;; of imc 
hut how to liold his tongue and how to applj hi< 
leti^e." Hut four (^eiienitions lai k, the familv 
lliiiioverinn stnt<-siii.'tn ohtnimil ilii>tin>'tion in 
dilVerent lield. Koiir hrt>t!>rp< Wal|in|e an*! their 
I'liluard weri- niiK'ii;; the most mnspieuoii* of the 
.lesuils under Kliijil>-th, and one t>f tliem, Urnrv, » 
and e\ei-|lt«ll in I.'!!*.). The ejire»-r of .inother |s I 
the " .Viithentie Memoir- of that e\,piisitrly \\ 
.lesuit. Father Kiihard Wnl|>o|e." For niolern 
the lives of these KlitaN>thnn Wnljio|.>s have I>p»mi t 
l>r. .les.sop's •• ( Ine jjeneiation of n Norfolk IIihi's- 
amoin; the Wal|>olea liere chriuiii'leii the Iw^t ki 
the present (ii-in'mtion i* ."^[>^ni-er W.tl|ii>le. mlio •! 
last year, and who, a.s Home .Se,n>l«ry. \u\t\ to d<- 
»l... ,...r..rn. . ..;•»>:.... ..< i ur.i: ....i iu<:r' _i...n •»,_ 



so 



LITERATURE. 



[Jul: 



IJt«>rmturr \* mtnvwhat n»«igi»ly n»pr«**>nt«i. Wi« 
lHkv» fif»l WftlU-r. " with ihf esception of Koc'»>. |irol*bly 
tlM> rirtM^ i»oet known to F.nf>li(ih lit*r»hin«, and |x>rhit|>!< 
t»n »ix-ounl of tlml fmt lh«" nsipifnt of j;r«it«'r jin»in^ 
from hi» tx»nt«pm|>or*ri«''' than hin jHwinti — <l<it|iite tin* 
bMutiful •• lio. Ut\r\y Ko** "— »t>«n to wnrrnnt. Tlien 
IbMv U Imik Walton, thr autlioni|tii|> of «-lios<> life 
M not rfvr*lpy|, ii«v«» \>y the n>mark tluit it is (taxed on 
hotr» t4ippli<^ by Mr. Andrew lian^. It i-ont&inK the 
kapi'V nrniark that hi» ilfMTi|»tions of flowcru, tieldx, 
umI •lir«mii ar»' th«» jirw"*" of the |»oetry in Slmke«p«»are's 
!»< iiienlal rustic mjiic*. or Marlowe'i* " tome live with me," 
and an intcrmtinc note on Wulton nn a prac-tioal angler. 

What Xhr (>r.nt«>-it|ior«rT Puritan anKler thna|;ht of the 
Rnvmliat Aaharman roajr be flnuteil from Kirhanl Kranck'a 
" SortlMm M*a>oir«." Writtvn in I6M l>v Fram-k, h Crom- 
wilian aolclifr. who tialiixl (or Mtlinun fruiii kak to Naver. the 
" Northam Mruioira " an- n-'t known to havo ho<-n ptihliiihetl 
till l<tN. Kr^n-k, a« .•% prartiral aalmon-t^gher, ile»i>i»wl >V»lton'» 
MrthiHlt. <liMtain<<i hi* n.tttiral hi«t<>r>', and )uui a ruther 
iui|>l<«*aiit p<T«<>iul <li»<'U*«i< n with hiiii alwut the britetlini; of 
p<kv out of |>ii-k«t<'l-ai<>Hl. lit- waa confaaacdlv a bottoni-tiRncr ; 
hia " jury "i fli' « " ii tnulitional. going hack to thi> " liook of 
St. Alhann. " <)f ••limrn he pra<Hic«lI_v knew Dothinc : and lie 
rv^anU a rmt aa a n«w-faiif;l«d «n|rine liiliiciilt to ilvacribv. H<- 
tua n» ■•U« of liiiSiDc up ttrvatn. But Walttm i* not rea<l aa an 
inctmctor ; lie i* an idvlhat. and aa itiirh in uiiniatcbi'tl in En^Iiiili 
proae. 

l>r. (tamett jjives uu a welcome life of one whose poetry 
was full of charm, but not tio full as wns liiK character — 
the Ute I>ord l>e Tabley. who hlU a place in an immense 
c«tak>^Qe of Warrenu. It in founded jiarlly on Sir 
MountKtuart (irant Duffx account of him given in 
the preface to •• The Klitni of Cheiihire.*' the publication 
•f which, thou^i) it only took place the other day. iH duly 
re«-«rded. Among literary critirii we have those li^ht<< of 
eiphteenth century <Titicism. Warburton and the Wartons. 
But none of the names mentioned are j>erhaj>s so striking 
Mr those which will l>e always axf^cK-iated with the 
e«tabli»hment on a sound footing of a new literature — 
the literature of the Press. In three successive lives, 
never written so completely before, we have the history of 
T%r Timrf. It l>egiiis with .lohn Walter, who in 178.5. 
at the age of Aft. founile<l the i»aj>er, fought its early 
hattlev, and revolutionized journalism by a broad and 
werions discn-wion of public questions, and by rejiorting 
the {Mrliamentary debates in a manner never liefore 
nitempted. It is continuefl in the life of his son .lohn 
Walter, who a«M»rte<l and e.stablishe*! the indep«'ndencp 
of the ]Mfii-r. orgnnizf<i the foreign intelligence, and intro- 
•hiced st<*nm printing; and in that of the third .John 
Waher. who carried on the work on the lines laid down 
by hi* father and grandfnther — introducing, in 1860, 
the now nell-known "Walter" Printing Pn'ss — and who had 
along and honourable Parliamentary e«re<'r. These lives, 
written by Mr. .1. K. Thursfield, form a very important 
new contribution to the history of the English Press. 
The name of Wartl. which ha« a host of representatives, 
Kiippeiilii, of connie, to students of art the two painter 
aeadnnictanp, K. M. Ward and .lames Ward ; but not that, 
jjrrhaps. of an'rther .lames WanI, a |>ainter of distinct 

tn^rit t \Hi\(i~\HH't \^ wbofcf fnm«* ns nn nrtiKt uita KnmtfkwViaf 



0HT7B0H HI8T0RT. 



The Counter-Reformation in Burop( 
Arthur Rol>ert Pennimrton. M.A. u ^ oin., 

It ia difKcult to determine the o)>j«ct o 
mere i-^»iiin/ of Riiro|ioan Church history fr 
i1oc« nut show the linn f^'aap of leading dtcta a 
tiona, which alone remlera tiich iftumfs rcai 
ilo4>« it Mid any new information to what th« 
poKaeaa«-d in all the curn>nt nianuaU, text-li 
t!i« pi*rii>d. The C'onntor-K4>fornmtion is, ind« 
thi< gruatoct importance, iind real aerviee ii 
•tudenta of history l>y a aolid, clear, and well- 
of that i!,Tftk.i Htruggh' by which the Church of 1 
nnich of what it hnd loat by thi- It«furmation i 
tlie aixteenth century. In tlie proMeot l>ook tl 
nothing to help him in tb» inuli-rataiiding 
atrugglc. In the prefatx* the author attempt 
numcro u* shortcomings of Macnulay in the fiinioui 
•• History of the Po|io»." In f.ict, the prefuou 
readers with the idea that Canon Pennington 'a 
to ref;it«< and supplement Macaiday. Now tlii 
lieen done eitluT fully or not at all. It ii 
Macaulay'a " innicuracioa " with the airs c> 
<|tiit« intoleralilo in the yoiuig uDilergnuliiate, 
the student of history. No liistorian can (kmh 
of information olitnined after hia death, an 
than most historinns, took duo note of info 
during his lifetime. (Janon Pennington calls h| 
Macaulay'a uvermting the influence of the .lesui 
aa to say that " the .lesuita were only gotsl M 
the work for whiih tlie Order was ettabliaho 
whatever is given for this statement. On 
t.'unon himself apeaki later on of tlie " prodigiou 
.losuits ; and on the next [tage ho adds : " 'I 
were at lengtli an oinnijireHent influence." 
Canon's ch.»i)ter on the .leauits only goes 
Htat4unont made liy Macanlay. And who can i 
aliout the .Tesniti and their share in the Co 
an opinion other than that expresstd liy Ma<';i 
of the Counter-Reformation needed, as did 
the (treat, a machinery of attack quite unlike 
times. As .Alexander had hia phalanx, so 1 1 
Society <)f .lesua. Victories smh aa were wi 
(.'hurch cannot l>e made without the most conn 
tion of power. If the Orders of the twelft 
centurina have always lMM>n recogniKisl as tl 
the immense success of the Catholic Church in 
how can we douht aliout the dominant inf. 
which in point of etticiency surp&sae<l all the ni 
tions of previous peiio<1s ? This l>eing t)io case 
(.'anon Pennington's criticism of Ma4'uuUy'i 
and, seeing that he does not even attem 
by any evidenco whatever, we can only wnn( 
exjieeta tis to attach to it. No ijuotationi 
are very few ; names are frequently ni 
" Thorn " inst<'ad of •' Tbnm " ; '• Mansl 
" Mansfeld " ; " Barclay " Tilly, instea 
Tilly. " Kiwlerick " of the Palatinate is 
Kmperor Fenlinancl II. ; on p. 'JTl we hear 
I>ech," aa if Lech were the name of a town, ini 
\av\\ Uiver." Ac.) ; Uie chapU-r on the 



•July 22, 1899.] 



LITKHATLRK. 



&008EVELT8 RKOIMINT. 



The Rough Rider*. Mv Theodore RooM^eit, lolKiir-i 

of. Ilir l'ir.,1 T'liili-.l Si. it., \Hlui,l..t Curnlry. lllintnitMl. 

Kegan, Paul. 0- 



xii 



'■A** |>|>. I.4iiuluii, IMNt. 

All Uio »tory ..f p«rt ..( » ' .>ii>|>.>iKU, l»lt» ta oii" oj Oio iii<«t 
uiiiiiiiiii|| and >iiii)X|i<i<'t«<lly hiiiuuriiu'i vuliiiiioa «« buva mirt Un » 
loilK tiirio. 'riuiii);li tlinri^ iui< aixtv !«(;•<• of itiUxitlX'iMatita, •ml 

nixty-twu o( i»|i|M<iiilix, tlmrti i ilhrr bii iiwIbh nor • iiut|> liiim 

• inn I'oviT III Ilia otlifr, •ml tliii illiutrBtiuitii nra »lm<i«t niilirwiy 
phi>ti>|;r*ph* of vnrimii n.iiijli riilini; Ihti.i-«, mthnr in r».ti>iii or 
oil thi'ir way to »• tioii, or rt'tiirninu to ■■i>iii|i i»lUT lu-tioii Vol. 
in »|>itii of It pt-muttiiit uiimlotir Mavonr, ami an Anioriian taaiiK 
t lint cntK till' nil' lik» ttiA w>iii>ll<i of a .MaiiMT liiillnt, tha last 
liiiH of tliMx i<ini|>l<< anil iinuirartMl rn ortia l«<tva* you mora 
iittoninliixl lit tlin ■iiiu-KM of Ui« iiirii ami tliti rtiaourrnfiii pliu-k 
ol thair olliron liian you erer rxiMMtml to b«i ah'T tlm pvnuMtl 
of tha llrat fnw pa|!)<«, Ttiu IIiiaI inipraajiion ia iituloiibttNlly nnn 
of iinnii\«il iMliniration for Mr. ltiK>Hii\alt liiniaelf. Tha I'nitMl 
.Stataa iiii(;ht ilo worw tliaii fla.-t him I'raaiiUuit. 

Without laying itrfna on prrvioiia literary fffcrta, wr ohall 
not otl'rnil ao prnitiial n pilitii'iun t>y aityin^; that •• Tin- KoiiKh 
HiHiPM " ilcfa not lontnin <'olon«.| H<M>a«<T«>lt'ii Iwnt Hork. It i» 
tUv i-naiiT to any tliia bivnuao it i« pnnaiblo to mlil thnl thr 
pillant writiT hna nl.wi nrrvixl thrri- yf>»ra na a raptiiiii in thi- 
Niktional (lunrtl ; Ima U'm ilKpiity-aharifl' (which ta far from 
heiiig n plonaant aiiimin') in thi- cow-coantry, limmt to iiar hia 
♦jorap iind riftn on a nimh, imd ptimil murh «»xp«»i-ii'ni-«< in th« 
" h^tiidlin); " of fowlMiyn, niirnTa. jinil hunlt'ra in tho |iriM-«»aa ; 
ii known to hiiTe ikihI liirj;i-ly in the »t'>ri«^ of thi> .AiniTii-nn 
Civil Wnr, tin- Kriinro-Utunifin Wiir, iiml tlm Kiinao-TiirkiMh Wnr. 
hf-aiih'H the nmny ouiii|i:ii;:na on the lionlcra of tho ."^tntPn ; nnil, 
♦inally, wiia .\a»iituiit-S«rn>tftry of thi- Niiry during; tho Vfiir 
J>rpci>dinp thf imthmik of tin- tijrht with S)i»in. If nny n-ndrr ■.( 
thcao Hnoa run anj;j;«>.it ii b«'ttiT triiinin); for thi" ronumindcr of a 
volunteer it';;iiii6iit of c.iviiliy. nil iia i;;n'>nint of military dctaila 
ua their oolonol, wi' ahiuild U' jjliul to kimw it. It ia fair to nay 
iiftrr this Inat ai'iitonct' that Mr. Hooacvelt addad wiailcuii to hia 
ninny virtues hy inaiatiny on I.iMriurd \Vo<m1 Iwiny niaile fohmrl 
whpn th«' re^iniBiit wna firat nutliorinil. and titkiri;; •>r<'rv 
iMlviintai;!', aa liputiimnt-roloind. of th«< cxixTipiii-p of hia aonior 
ofHcor. BotHt^ii tlifiii thra«> two mi>n i;ot th<Mr rt-KinK'nt into 
marching; trim t|iiick<'r than any other volimfi-i-r oruanixation ; 
and no wondiT. NVIifii it rnnu' to tijrhtinp. I{ooa«Ti'!t ahowi'd 
hi" could lend the way ivitli the h«>»t. and indi>e<l wna artnnlly in 
lomniauil of ai-vcral rrjiimeiita bcaido hia own during thr hi>ttr*t 
I if tht> lun ; but in the irkaoine proliniinnrii'a Wooil'a knowlo<l|^ 
of the ro{H>a provid invaliiahlo. 

The t«lo of tho rovfiiitiDp firouniN, of tho Ion;; wait at 
Taiiipn, of tho transport'* voyaj;«, and of the i'am|>ai^'n in CiiImi. 
has be<'n told so often and in siuli minute iletuil that there ia 
no need to waste another line u|K>n it. Tin- real value of thi» 
lateat volume lies in the de.icription of the men who luude up the 
regiment, Uitli lufore they left the States and when they ^^^>^ 
liaik to New York aj;iiiii. Heennts rnme from .nouripa mori' rnrini 
th:in ever supplied a titihtinj; comjuiny in the hiati>ry .d uarfnre. 
Men fIoeke<l to the tlaj; from clulw like the Somerset of lioston. 
or the Knickerhoeker of New York, and from eollejrca like I'rino>- 
ton, Yale, and HarvanI, wiiieli eame to the nfiinnnt of ita old 
ahimnus with .so much heartiness that there was har<lly room 
for the men who followed Guy Mundiie even in the lanka. »her<> 
they wore glad pnouj;h to j;o, without eommis-iions cir the ho|w 
of anv. It mav he that Memorial Hall at Harvard insnins so 



in OtK Rtai KaliBlliofi . KctK<ia.,ii. frun |.««<| Al«vib 
I at Vnrta-c , »i>d ll-! •Kola faaelila^c af iKt ttfittmt 
Unit lorritoriM ami tlw Kraal |>Uina of ilta Wnt TV* 
|« rha|<a Uh< iimmI pietHrxaipMo uMtIa iti aa t ilnMndi 
TKn eapuiu of Tro-'p A ••• Iktrky (i Srili u# .%ri«"« < 
• Uynr •( A|«<°iM», afui riu>)»r u( • llghlinK (»«ta*lii| 
•sim> Mtato •-afiis Ma)or Aliitarnlvr IVcxIie, a tt!*mir%ti 
fi>;iilar ariiiy, »lu> gaio op all hi< Inicrwaa at^.t |«tt>«> 
whoii (hr MalliB aaa xink AHtii l'a|«.,«. " the ^mm% 
lim rrKiiiiMil, ' aaa th« fifth in tUwoOt traii> >a(hvf 
Had M-i-i!..! Ill ih« artiiy of tha I'nllol ^ala*. TKm 
iii«-lt »hiM«i •'hara''f«'r ark«l .^-aiii*!!* tt are •*j!brtaff»tl> 
l>\ thnir ii«ii>«> I'heiokro lliH, H%J'^} Jark, ^twyoky 
lico||ii.)Mi«trr, lUtllmiiaka IVCo, alxl I'aafMB P'di-«^V 
■ lorgyiiMTti, It aiijwai, " lushB flrvt-<-laa« $thtmn ' al» 
K*''l titoir hliaal to l<nil, Aiki lh«; fralarniM a>t>: ' 
drm-MidaiiU of ttM< ol.l t.'h>clka*«« . h>«f • lika f'oltar* 
only Irarn to " haivllx " Urth al.k.-. Itr.-riiit< Itka tt. 
hata to 1x1 tauKht noirh, nthor alth a ; tlta •■t m Itav »;. 
aii>valr\man aith ttx- r x^m-tu-tirm >•! IVn^iunin f 1^ 
Manhal '.f I>i»lj;ii Cit y . ('.•Iuru<l'>, atrihl naVi-a'li 
dan(;nr» of a t^atd- with phd<M<'ph:c .atrn With (I 
riink* WiTe Kii.l l|i'rr:||, ih" Al«at^aii Ira. k^^ I*r..l9l, 
•hooter from N'.irtti I'aridina. Uar hiinlT* fr>.tn Wt..», 
|at<'ki<rs from Iha North Wo«t. atai;" drt%aT« ff>.fn t 
Mountains, mint'rs fiotii the Yoaon.row I'ltub^r* fr<.«.t < 
The faiilta th>' iii'W rwcTuita r.«iimitt«"l dtiriBf t 
(airiial ol truinin;; aeri' ••hirflT dii" I" ifli»»?ana» aiv 
else. When oii« of them aiinoiin'^ml <fHl»i«^ to hl> • 
thri>4' majors with " If you felUr* doK t ■^tne arxm <-*■ 
P't eidd, " Im' hail no otiicr ih.Mieht Uian kimlly 
res|«H'tful rigard for th> ir ailfart . W|>.|i tha -ik.vr 
of their t«lit onr iii;;lit atwl lie t a « titin- I l:i:llttnj; m- «.| 
evi'ii moi.' vi;;oiir than thi y h*l nhown t h ai in rlv* th" • 
no disresja-i't wli.itiver whrti Jw Ib^ina .>«ay his rifla «n 
•alut<'<l his •u|»Tior« wilii " .\ll» I I'ley ha<l » No a 
ri*piiiieTit attniete<l a^lvrrituripus spirits froai wwr-rmhm 
I'hief trum|H>t<'r eame from that •Kjd'Wy Histrirt ra 
Miilit'-rratM-an. " <>iip tn>o|ia>r. rallml C'^ik. wa« ai, K.i 
from South .Vfrira . anothar, •tslmrtw" hy l»aii»». hail><l 
South Waltia . ami eaeh of tht~<' last. wIm'!! th» rvv>i'**nt 
had hut oni" n-Kft that it couhl not »»> mail an 
Transvaal H.*rs. Thos*- d«\-» in N«>» ^ork, wltati thr 
just o»-i,r. must harp U'«'n inten^tinjj in many way*. 
for instanep. alt«'r »cnw »e«>k« in l»«>«pitml »itl» f»T< 
round the tonn to < al! u(ion hi> captain. «b« haffvti«>< 
WiHMllMiry Kaitp. Ho rola about, hxikinf for hta l>ou< 
time, and at la^st hitrhasl his hor«« oo to a laan|»|a»t u- 
walkail in. An>>th«r frieiKl. a cw |«iticlMr. caow to 
his r««(iMH>ntal vomraila. a partiotilarlr atnart New )oHta 
no uUtpr Iiicea^ t)uin a Dpw iimbralta. 

Hy ilt>|;r<x>a th* nipn siftnl back tv tliair ski htmm 
have )>et>n plail to rvad mora about tlMKii lb tWir colooa 
raconl. Kor tliay dnl as hanl work a« any bm« 
lighting line, aixl said miioh Ipsa about it aftarwarsl* 
Rlail." writ«a oop ..f tbaiii frwn the Wawt. •" I dubl I 
with ynii for them paople to look al. bai-aas* I akn I a I 
a rbiBoranis or a eiralfe, aod I ilmi t lika to ha i 
. . . . I hav.- >>."s>n in rhxar plar** tiiaa ikat nc< 
YiiuiteH I^tataa. tbat la ba'tts-r nwn t-> ti|cM tWn tj 
.SjianianU." This ia ipiit' tha af>)<n>TMl apint of Muls 
hia iiiatP* ; lUkl afta-r a few luorw wars it mar p«*n < 
OTpr both Antarir^kll spmca*. Tikvy nca<i it taMl!y 
p;-es«nt. . 



62 



LITERATURE. 



[Jul 



(M^pntly nottcnl in /.iVrMtorr). with • r>i>m|ilf^< ncoeunt of (h* 
whoW tttriotm Ularmry- morvmviil ain <ii|; tha ltui>«i»ii J*«rii 
dnriiig tb« pt wa t rmlury. and ha* givm ■> •u!)ii-i<'iit iuiml«r of 
•lampl** to i>i>alil<« tiic n-AiIrr t«> jtK)f;» tii<- r)i.-tr.i(-(<T hiuI uiurit'i 
ot tKi« rvaurkuM* |ili«n<>nM>iK>n Mr \\ u'mr riplitly •'uutigh 
|«utr<«l* •^•inat ti><* luumi imKHicv of cAlliiig Viildiuli n jargon ; 
it i* no OKirv • jargoii tlutn rUtl-IVutKli. "r any of tin- otlu-r 
•ItAloctel r«ri<itio« of iSvriiiaii. It it iiKltMnl nrclLtio Krnn<x)niitii 
iivnuMi, mith a cwrtain amooiit uf |{<-tin'» thrown in, niui, while 
in it* luiturjtl tttgc w*« |ti'r((«tl,r normal in ph<inolot:y. 
KxvntJy. howpTor, «« tJi* l<ii»>ian Jew* Uaw Ixioonie Hci|iiaint<<<l 
wilii more claa*ic (it-rman. tJwy havf att'-nii^ttl t«) r«>\i»e tlit-ir 
own •prwch in • half-htNirt*"! manner, nixi m) liavt- |)rn<liit-e<l iin 
inch'«t>> milture which i* n.iUnT (.ionimn nor Vi<l<li«h Hut in 
UKMt of Uw writ<<r* ol the language this |iroo«<luru i« nvoidctl, 
kixi eu lDkri»l art- it* ch^irarti-riitu-.i tlint a *ulitlo ohacrvor can 
ilitawm euhMlialocta within th<< langiiagi' ita<'lf. TltiiH thcrt> i* » 
marknl >li«tinclu>n lietaMMi tlic ViiUliah B|K>ken liv .l*>»i< from 
l.itloaiiia an) tiu«p from I'olund. 

Mr ^^ ivner <Um<« n><t. howervr, ent<-r much into i)ot:iil iia to 
tho laii^ut^ ilavlf. whoroon ho lika writtt-n aovi-ral learned 
|iB|vr« in Uie .4mrii>^<in Juurintl of I'hilottxjtt. to which h>> might 
very well have refrmKi thf roatlcr. Hi* conctTn. on tlip |>n<B«nt 
ooixtaion. i* witli tht> litt-nttun' which ha* l>een «ritt<>n in 
Vialtliah. and it will com" a« a Kurpnac to nio*t people to find ro 
large a |ir<Hluctivene*a in thi* out-4>f-thu-way dinltH-t Mr. 
Wiener canclud(« hi* l>ook with a ahort hihlioi^raphy. running to 
oTor twenty I<wgw* of dovely print^l titlo*. and he do*'* not even 
|«>>fi«a to hare iM-en i-xliauativc Tho lni|M>riid Lilimry at St. 
IVtenbur^g contain* no !«•* th m four tht'U«and works priiit4>d in 
Yiihliah. Conaidering that thi-ro uro HoinoUiin;; like hix million 
Kowian Jewra, aliiioat all of whom *|H-ak the liinguago. the 
•xiatenoe of ao large a litomturo in it i*. pvrhaim, not no 
KMarkable •* would apiMwr »t firct *i^ht. 

It i* natural, tlul on the whole. Viddiah kIiuuKI onalirino tho 
pathetic coiKlition of its writer*, hut it iK by no moiinx *o 
monotonou* in tone »* might !>•' imaginwi. It contains nuioh 
para atory-ttdling of u folkloro character, though. curiouKly 
enough, all the folkloro of tlio Hussian .li-w* appuirs to l>e 
burrow*^! from tlieir neighhour*. It ha* it* couu-dios, its sutiro*. 
and ita faroes, and well %» ita thn-nodie*. it* I'logie*, and it* 
lyrinal outburata against tyranny and oppros*ion. and. on the 
whole, one i* struck by tlif facility of the wrlt^-r*. and the n i<1e 
rsnge of aubjecta (including oten jiopular tri>ati8o* on &*tron(imy 
wn<l othw (cienoea). ami the wit and aitii-tic ixiwcr often shoun, 
even in thi* uncouth form. 

It i* tite recwnt revival <it active |wrHO<-ution in Kusnia in 
I8HI which baa given a rencwiol life to ViddiKh lit«-raturt>. Mr. 
Wirticr in («ch >•»»<• <iividi>* hi* treatment of th« Hubjoct into 
aectiaaa before and afttrr thi* ••|Hn'h-making i>V(>nt. Proviou* to 
that time the chi<-f iiroblcm* ili*cua*<-<l by tin- Yiddish |K>«ta and 
|iroae writer* wiiru thoac atiking fiom the kIow intrusion of the 
modem si>irit into the itussian (ihetti. The tendency «aa to 
gire up Yidiliah, and ri-sort to iiurt-r )ti-rman. ami but for the 
inraarution of I8HI the dialect would probably have die<l a 
natural death. Thi* t4-irible event, however, gave new activity 
to the po|iular t'Higiie, and a whole liti-iatiire has grown up 
fiuring th» laat twi-nty year*, dealing with the feelings and 
pr«it4on of tiie Kuaaian Jew* either in their own land or in 
America, which haa bea-n the main hom<- of the refugees. It is 
im^^Mwible to di«l witli any of the numerous writers meiilinniol 
by Mr. WiniMir. who ha* be<-n. pcrliaiM. a little bit too con- 
•ciantiooa in mentioning and charact^Tir.ing every author who 
has aritt<ti in the dialio-t One of the moat luriouH chanter* in 



o|>«ned up by his Vory thorough reaowi-chei 
liteiittiire. which will douhtlea* have its p 
memliors of liis own iHintiiaaion, but even tli< 
Ik> inleiviittxl to See «omethiug of the inner lif< 
being the Itiiiusian Jew. 



AN EIGHTEENTH CENTURY 



Passages from the Dlarioa of Mn 
Po^irys. or Hard wick UouBe, Oxon, A.I 
)<:dit4'<i liv Bmlly J. Ollmeoson. Uxttin., 
IMK). 1 

Thi* ia un amuning and interexting add 
lodge of the way* and doing* of uiir gr 
I'owys waA the only child of a rich surgeon, 
for himaelf in liinooln'a-inn-liehls in 17M. H 
of un heiroas, and she brought a ImndHomi 
|ir<i|)orty <'f her liiisband, I'liilip Lyblw I'oi 
When she was a girl ahe l>egaii t^i make n'C< 
tour* in which her father delight4>d, and th< 
Were trivial they m-oiii to have pleamol luT kii 
Hattere<l into tho habit of continuing to 
imprtvuiion* and of k(H!|>ing a diary. Her ihtsi 
in the |ia|M!rH Mr*. CiimeiiBon ha* coiu|iile4l, ii 
interesting. She K<<ems to have been a kindly, 
extremely fond of balls, tlieati-os, canis, nic 
and the nobility. Hut her very insigiiiruMtin 
she |iuts down valuable illuKtrations of thp lift 
|M<r|ietual round of gaiety of the country ^ 
catches the breath. Wo iiro whirliHl from La 
around all the " iioblunien'* seats " of her lit 
aiir)>rising velm-ity, which stviiis to incroasi 
yeara. Her brothcT-in-law, Dr. Tliomaa I'ov 
eiglitoonth century clergyman, tutor to the wc 
holder of many living*, and iViod a* l)ean of 
he waa satiHiied witii the miNlerato allowance 
tables " uftur dinner. 

Many intore*ting |K-oplu ap{x*ur in the cc 
Wo find " Mr. I'itt and tho Chancellor liud liee 
to tho York Hotel at Dover " to road the Ft 
(August I(i, 17^). We have many details al>oi 
Duke of (iloucester. uikI how the Dean gave 
dinner, iH-ginning with salmon, with woiip an 
midst, and goose to conclude. There are cm 
{'riuc-e of Wales' niluuitnir at Hath : still nioi 
Lord HdiTvmoru : and an extremely ipiuint 
from " a party of di8tiiiguiHhe<l foreigners " i 
and Lady Ailesbury. Tliere are, indeed, few faiii 
who nie not in some way conct^rnod in Mr*. I'u 
Socially, after the amaxing chronicle of amu 
interesting iMiint in tho liook is piolinbly I 
which {HKiplo, us late a* the end of the cajuI 
highwaymen on their return from dinner p« 
few mile* of their own home*. There are h1s<i 
stories of George III. and his sudden visits, 
Henley Park, " coiifine<l to her house with a \ 
heraelf with only a few miniitos' notice recei\ 
Queen, twii PrincoRses, and tlieir suite. " The 
and a half, talked incesKantly, aeemod vastly ; 
every family and their concern* in this ne 
Krceiiian saiil, iM-tter Uun nhi' did herself." A 
ixciirn*! lM'cau»€' " no s4>rvants mimt ap|HMir 
on them yoiiraelvca." Poor Mrs, Freeman 
" thai KiiiuKWere to 1m' served la-fore ladien." A 



July 22, I say.] 



IJTKHATURFL 



atiil Mill to her, ' hoot l><i uUrmiMl, I Mini t •tool any mw 
thing.' " 

Mr». CiimKiiMjn Ima |«.rf..ri I h»riliily at Mlii..r |>l»itMntly, 

thi.iit,'li hIii. if B|.|.iir..iilly u vi-ry yoUlij,' l»i|y, nt •li.i *.,ii|i| 
Hcnrci-ly Iismi foi-ottiii li..w r<>. i.iitljr Willioiii H-nry W«l 
Uiitty wim alivii, nml »|ii..ik nf lum »« ilyina yttim siM ha*, 
HiioiiiinKiy, no imtliority (or ih'Cnl.iiiK Mr (Jirln, Mra l'«n.y« 
(ut>ii<r, iia Ml)., whi'li hia own Kl-llaph namns hiiii •ntij.ly 
" aiirf-tion." Slio ahouhl n..t .ilh.w Mia l'o«ry., oKhout 
oorrnotloii, twill, t" aiNHik of ji (lortriilt of lUn ■tn(«<ni«n -t 
Churh.a I a iluy aa •• l.onl .U./,.,./ with hin wn-tary Th« ImU.* 
iiTtiiiiily nofila iiii|>ruvi'tnitnt, l.iit thu iiotKnoii |H,in(. of KoneiiloKy 
urit iinoful. 



Ti'-dar llwi dmub h*A InlUil hif lUilttiaaC i.tt^ 
Kli>*rr« ailli Ub>lr ihcBtuv lu»> w«<U Arui.! 

liciil >>« IkXiI iloaii U. H'lbi Ilia l-cMttt ul .Ut*aM 
ll*Kai>as my lot* u kintl Mwl alitU aod !•■< 



RECENT VERSE. I. 



I'urliii[ia thi> only roiiifoit to Im- got ont of tha iiici'aniiiit rtow 
of vpian which poiim wo«k hy wpok from tli.' preax ii t>i« rtirttictum 
tliat whi>re thorn ia an much wi itinu thi<ru mimt \m a k'kmI <I«i>I •>( 
roiulinp;. Kohoca of WoriUwortli. oiln*^ of Ki..it«, .-chix* of 
Kit/.(iuruM nri! not iniportant thinj{i in thi-niwlvn* l>«rlik|i« not 
liven iU<ainil)h) things hut no oni' cmi ihIio Koiita without iia\inK 
loail him. Hut tlio critic ia liki-ly to \m mom ulivo to thi- 
inilitrercnrii of tlio viiiao liefme liim thnn to any imliintioiui of 
au agr«oiili|i< niituru which nmy U' ilrnwn from ita |iro<l>ii'tion. 
Tliut, at least, hull liocn our ox|)i<rii<nci< in thi> |>ru»ont ciiao Wo 
have hail baforti iia a acoio or so of volutne* of vcran, anil of thfae 
at moat two can \k< rogariliil a.i of any real iiii|K)rtan<f. 

Th« one to which wo could moat honpatly invito nttiMition ia 
published anonymonaly. It ia TiiK. City or tiik Hot i. Kirant 
Kiohanla, Cm.), ami if it ia a tiiat attempt, ia one of I'XO'ptional 
promia«>. It ilocs not. imIiH'il, show wither tlif ni'iv way of 
looking at thingi, or the new notv in a|>paking of th< n>. which 
mark tho arrival of a maator. Thi« book ia only minor |>o.try ; 
but it ia euch minor jXMjtry aa may l)e«;oiiii> anmothinK' more. 
»inc«roly am) aenaitively (olt. tincly and ai.rioualy utti-n-l. Tlio 
author haa loarnt of many nuisti<rn. hut life it.ielf ami natiiro 
have boon anions thcni. Tho keynote of hia ixwtry is, iH.rhaiw, 
that a©n»i< of tho mystery of thindi which ia, in a manner, 
tho maiuNpring of tho jiootry of our day. Tho volum« ia oim of 
short pioci's, among thu finest of wliirh are .lonni'ta callwl "The 
City of tlio Soul," one on thu sonnet it.vlf, ami one to Shaki*- 
apearo : a ixxuu calloil " Spring " anil an "Oil.- l.> Autunin." 
two finely iinai^ineil pii>oivi on the ■•oniini; anil going of Night, 
an ailmirahio tnuinliition of Kninlilaire's " Mariiionie ihi S«>ir," 
a " Prayer. " and an " (Vie to My Soul. ' Here an- two \er«es 
of " Spring " :-- 

"ut out green leaves, dead trie, put out uriiui liMne> ! 
(Ijiist night the moon was soft and ki.i.siil tho air.) 
I'ut out greon leave.s ! The moon was in the Hkiea, 

.Ml night she wake.s and weaves. 
Tho dew \va» on the gni.s.s like fairies' eyes, 
liike fairies' eyes. C> tn^- so Mack and l>aro. 
llt<meiiiher all the fruits the full goM "heaves ; 

For nothing diea. 
The songs that are. are silem-os that were. 
Summer was Winter. O put out green leaves ! 

Hreak through the earth. [Kile flower, break through the earth I 

(All day the lark ha.s sung a madrigal.) 

Break through the earth that lies not lightly yet 

.■\nd waits thy |>ntient birth. 
Waits for tho jompiil and the violet. 
The violot. hidl soon the heavy |>all 
Will he a l«sl, and in the noon of mirth 



To-<Uy llw •mi h4« kiiaail iKa t>,»».U»am ■Ui.i^t^lxir, 
AimI a*! .\«i. iMua. Hyt>iiM'» fml^ mnAfl^, 

llalltfa iluatt hi* ImsAiI aivi wniTox llilo U«a ■•l.TT, 

rin-aii<a my lute u ktlxl aiul f*if aixl elkiU 
Tli4' ■' I'rayer " u in ttw auliurt • (fata* *e|n 

Oftrll Ilia tiM|*>M ■iwl Ivaa •<>»|( t" ">■. 

Tlirftt liavv lawii toima In thm atfeMtix ai^l »,«•' 
AimI pitiful Irsre tiais lol.l ino, (i-al, .4 Th»m 

Ali.1 I ImbiiI ti.4 Oil ■ ..tell TH-ni niitia m»f 

Tlmrt^ luii.. bnvii many *t»f U» ((uVU my Umt. 

• Hleii tlw iUli.al«' ii.«».ei, lMi«riti^ tnj aifKa. 
Haa rnnt the rlotnU smI al.ua n • uit-r atrast 

Ami I aaw iK.t I >t. : ••^ma T)>«« nii»>> e;<< 

Angela lull' lirs koneil mo iiiK-analajly 

Ami Wajlml Willi tii« ; ami |i»«n ttia a>«itirr akU 
l>ear I'hriat liiiiia«l( liaa atrvUlwl not Ii«mU i» m» 

.\imI I aaw nut. • >|, ! opani Thou miiia e^aa. 

A o>mp«nion rnluma, laaurd by tha aaiw (ivMiaba 
•ame himlini;, ia Mr Kiii;rnn Maai.n'a Tna Ftitb I'Lnaii 
<►riir.li I'or.Ms ((ir.int Itichartla, .'n. ). I.ika "Tba (•»! 
Soul," it la fren from (aiilta of tasta and orrwain«Ml|y » 
a conaidrmlile felicity of uttnranra. (tut bntli Ihrai 
expreaaioii are on .1 lownr Irvrl in Mr Maaoa'a rnloaa 
haa, U'sidee, nunc of tli* Unilaca|« gift whirti th» " 
and " Autumn " of the otb«r volnni* abow Hs i» at bi 
tho opnning pbi-p, •' Two Tenlmakara," whwh U Im 
Kitx4iiirald. 1'he idea ia atrikinn, emn if Mr Maaon Hid i 
make up hia miml what hn waa to ilo with il . aiwl. ao 
know, the |«rallol ia nnw. Iler^ are a (ra ««r»«e o( 
writer ia a|><>akin(; tirat of (>niar. 

lie fnit the burden tliat ra. ), '.eil mitat fral 
When all ita aenrchinga )>iit tha rloaalirr mm! 

The mnrtirr<| door. Otm M-aRilaM rail that Im 
Where tha hid i'ottcr aha|vti> at Hu wNmI. 

" I.o»e ■ (ao he whiaiemi). •■ though a I'ottor k 
Why llont the cup am! go ao griati.ualy. 

Why Bi«m tl>« aoul with fatx'i'd firwa nf Hot 
At laat 'twill all l». well with ma ami iImm.. 

" The I'otter ai.aisa tile \eaaa| at ilia wi.iia. 
TiMrse clay or fine. He »K.>|a<* it WT\ "T trim . 

H<'w, then, shall l<e ■'a>n<lemn flia Kar<li«at 
His jnil;:mi'nt of the pit.lrT jmli;. th Him ' 

.'\h. iiiiiiat tha liitaa ami laiightar ..f Iba tlir«f. 

Throiifih nil this ^traN'auiM' m aaalain ano>. 

I "id he re.i»ll that chaplain of hia fiuilil 

Who Ltliouri'd with lis haada, t<> do rorw* wtot.* 

. . . . , 

IHd Omar {<iiia» to hearken on hia war 
Till- worxia iVul iittemi m an i-wrlier i^y. 
>\onla tellinK over in an alien lorfttp 
The aymbol of the I'oitaf- ai d Hia . lar • 

fhnar ami Paul cr»» ti^ngu. tiril loi-e %gn. 
Their mingleil a*h>« down tha- agea Mow 
Roaiva of VaatenUy and I>aea>rt ."•m>w. 
Whste'er tlw red bath hiikUn. thai tbwr know. 



IVn-hancw e.-ich «le«.(ia whore n >ne raramatwrwth. 
I'errhanoe the aotil IS mortal aa tiw howtb . 



64 



LITERATURE. 



[July 



Infniel*," " Paau Angrloniw." *• A|>|i*rition,"' •ml other*— w«< 
quota Uw Iwt it> full : 

How >k«ll 1 fwl Him. «bn ean Iw nv piMl*** 

\V*«m He • humui form, » tr«rin»rT»Hl («*-«>. 
Hy hloml-iwl rtimput m»v Hr he il«>«»-rir<l, 

<»r hrx».«U He f»r »lOHlr»wi> through ttrllar •!>•<»? 
Prrvh«nr«, inf»nnini; all, Hii ><otl* mtwine 

Aixl MnH the mon'trriu* f»hrir m-11 to <'«'ll, 
<>r, tviUkI iu n>rviro. 'ikmUi Uii* KmhuI anil Win*, 

A hon>«l.v Ootl. H<< (k-iKiiii »ith lion to ilwall. 
I<o • jiwt Ktyi'Oil th«' •Wr-line He nmy ■tkii'l, 

Sf««k jii't withoMt'tlir w«ft«p- «>f mine e«r, 
I all l-ut t«Mich Him w^th my .>iit»trptchrfl hand, 

lirar to my •en»o« He iimy utmipht appear. 

I hu>h my «lrtimmin|; he»i-t. 1 i>tay my breath 
To caU-hHi* atvp, to hearken what He ■aitli. 

A Moi>U!( OM»m Kha^vav, Ia- R. Pidifcn (Watta, 1».». 
•bMV*>till more unmutjikaMy the imm<'ii«r> influence Kiti^iei-nUl's 
«ork ha* hail. The l><>ok is an cxercia>' which could lm\-e ha4l no 
exwteiMv if KitiOetmld liad itever heanl of Untar. It i* 
written in hi* ■tania, an<) follows hit (or OniAr'*) thouf;bt very 
eloeely. with only one new featnre, that of love aa the Chrintian 
aM< IfiM o|i— n haw understood it, but M Omar hardly would. Two 
cMMMOtira ctanitaii will ihow the likeneas and the diflarance. 

Behold the Hoee, the Violet, how they "had 
Their »weet perfume recartb-e* of thrxr dead ! 

Ami what if ilarW To-morrow net' their doom ? — 
Tt>-morroM'> Sun bIo«« others in tlieir »tead. 

But oh, my I*ove ! ThouKh d«>n in Nature'n lore, 
My thoofflito revert to Thae ae a er lieforc. 

With Thro alone tbe^ ersTe to ilwell, with Thee 
Alone they will mmain till All ia o'er. 

Another volume In which the )ireaence of the Persian 
poet and his translator make* itaelf felt i* Mr. Tinsley Prutt's 
PtKSErHnNK IX Haheh (Ki>ean Paul. 3s. 6il. n.). which ^ive4i us a 
translation of twenty-five of Omar s Quatrains in FiUcOerald's 
■Uuica It iloea not soem very- prudent for young {loeta to c-hal- 
iMifa tlM«e eomparisona. but (lerhape no other Kng^lish metre is 
possible for Omar now. The Vn^traimi translated by Mr. Pi-att 
are apparently not amnnf; those which FitzGerald ronderLMl, 
tht>ugh the tone and subjects are much the same. Of the rest of 
tlie rolorao there is not a ((reat deal to say. But for an apparent 
uncertainty al>out tiie scanxion of " Aidoneus," we stmubl liiive 
•aid that the title po<>m was a scholarly exercise in blink verw. 
It has, at least, kept something of the mysterious charm of thi- 
fp-areet of Greek stories. There are some freKh and jileasant 
pilots of Rpring. 

The spring hath its blossoni. 

And .lune hath its rose ; 
Arul youth hath its beauty. 

And life hath its woos ! 

The chill comes with autumn, 

The flowers all fa<le ; 
And ajfi', with it* sorrow. 

Hath ]<asRe(l to the shade ! 

In Mr. .\rthar Salmon's Wrirr CorxTRV Ballads and 
Vease* (Klarkw'>od) the lalUds writt^'n in the Devon dialect 
show a n«l gift of sketching character and a healthy souse 
of buiDour. Like roost fno-ta Mr. Kalinon is a lnutlator tfrn/mriM 
tt<ti, but he is ver^ genial al>out it, and even in dealing with 
the Ritualists and the i{r>ar<l Schools prefers a laugh to n 
hysterical denunciation. We will give one verse of the cxcallent 
" Parish Cn«»k " - 

An' so I've u«d the end o' nure ol' 



tha finaat thing in the Uiok is the *■ gnnset ' 
which wa must tind s|iact< for two or throe versei 

I )M*s with sunset's ]t«s«iiig gleum 
Into the life that iloth not dream { 
The secret guardeil gates unfold 
Unto the self thut grows nut olil. 

In moments thus, from youth to el 
Too brietlv given, too lung withhel 
The soul is snatched from time aiK 
To buiimlleea peace, to buutulleaa • 

Tlie yoai-s that come with stain hik 
The yeirs of ho|>e, tlie years of toi 
Pass by uiul lenve no leitat impress 
I'lKm this inmost cnnaciouaneaa. 

< >nly when life of long otl'euoa 
Huth iliilled the soul with clouds o 
Itnrer or none our moments bu 
Of gliiu]i«eK ttt et<'niity. 

And when thu spirit's uubler iioihI 
Is sold for Kurtlid uiiiu or grc«<<l, 
Its sle«'p unbroken covets not 
Tlie gloriet that it hath forgot. 



SOURCES or HISTOR 



State Trials, Political and Social. Sel 
bv H. L. Stephen. Two volx. 7 * \\,\x\., 257 -• 
IMW. E 

The old i«eries of State Trials has long b< 
taiiiing some of the t<est reading in our historic 
as illustrating nearly every jihaxe of our nation 
iiately, Har^'rave's cumbrous folios and Ho 
veuieiit, but execrably (trintod, volumes i 
aoepssilile, or likely to he renil widely if they w 
of the more iiiterastiiig trials consisting mainly 
with the li/ti<7i«i(rs jndicioUKly abridged, was em 
and this is what Mr. H. L. Ktejihen has 
dainty little volumes offering the greatest ]> 
the unattractive form in which tliu trinls 1 
)iresented. The period chcsoii covers the sevei 
eighteentli oenturies. The first volume coiit 
Sir AV alter Kaleigh, Charles I., the Kegicidei 
tha Sufl'olk Witches, and Alice Lisle ; the 
Lord Russell, the Earl of Warwick, Spencer Co 
Cioodere. Raleigh's trial is the )«8t known 
proceedings against Charles I. can hardly 
entitled to the name of trial. The King havii^ 
authority of the Court, the Judges proc«H><lo 
without calling evidence in Court, and refii 
prisoner to s|ieak in his defence. Some witnea 
private and in the absence of the ]>risoner, 
report of the trial says nothing, nor indeed il 
The Hequel after the Restoration was the trial 
when the priKoners were charged under the old 1 
with killing the King, but with compassing or pi 
and cutting off his head in furtherance of their 
a form of charge rather puzzling to lay minds, 
for trca»on in hiir1)Oiiring a reln-l after Sodgen 
application of a tiarbsrous law, rather than a per 
to convict the innocent. JefTrcys' crofs-cxamini 
tuiiate Dunne was a masterly p<>rformanco, but 
of the N|«ctacle uf a Puritan iierjuring himself 
wildest invective against tlie whole fratamitj 



July 22, 1899.] 



LITKKATI'RH 



<]«procatin^ Ms w1f<i'» intcrvi'iition .lurmt.' thx trial inl-fnnMl 
thn I 'oiirt timt «li(i Imd Ixiriin hiiii tw«nt\-*ev«ii i liil<lrmi, kml 
" was ((irnxwhat fitt ami woary, ii""r -Imr " Tht> iIimI In 
'I'htii'kxrny'* " Katiiotiil " i* (imiimI* I on ihti atnrv •IkwI'HHmI m 
the Kitrl of Warwukii trml ft>r ai-ttn^' aa •M-<inil at an •nrounler 
in I.eiexHtBr in|iiiirii, an I Mr Mt»i|ilnii liaa rt>|.riiitr<l llio norrliat'a 
itccoiiiit for I'oni) anaon Htill morn ■trikin;f l« tlm trial t>l 
H(Miiii'«ir <'<iw|«r wliii »n« n l>arriat<ir iin<l tlio ("H't'a ^'raiHlfatlx'r, 
<>n a <'hnrK« of tiiiir<|i<rln^' Saruh Htotit, a yoiini; V>*l>*'' la<ly, 
■ luring tho naaisea iit Hnrtfnnl Her ImmIv waa loiin<l flo«linK In 
tliti river, nml a nuiiiIxT of iloctora i-anie forvtanl to awi'sr that It 
iniiat havn lK>cn thrown in nftrr ilrath, aa othciri«ia«< it wniiM ha«n 
aiilik Oix thia riilli iilom itviilnnrti nhil little »!■«< 'nwiwr. who 
vMka thii Inat iiiiiii mk'II in linr roinpiiny, wna rliarve<l with miirilrt. 
anil hail evin to fi.-lit hani for hi* atxjiiittnl, owjni; to thn 
imix'cility of tlm pn<»iiliiiir .Iiidj;" Mr H|e|ihrii'« iiote< are 
iiliiioit niitiroly rOiifiiKMl to ahort nml noinewhut |«r<iin<-tKry 
iiio^frnphinil nolirea of the |>rl*oiiera. jiul;;f.a, an<l •-.■unaol : 
otherwiaai he woiilil hnvx iloiio well to rxfer t>i Maiaiilava 
chariirteriaticiilly full-flitvoiiro«l nrroiiiit of thia trial, in whiihth" 
inaiio una romi>li('at<«l l«y tho faol that ('o»jwr'» hrothi'r wita Whi;; 
ini'uilKM- for Hertfonl. " Xo atorv." iiaya Maraiilnv. in wonla 
whicli iinfortiinnti'ly "till havo thrir A|>|iliriition, '* ia too ahaiinl 
to In' iiii|<om'il on niinila Mimlcil h\ |>oliti<-nl iinil rt'lisifiiia 
fanutiriam. Tho V'^'kiMH ami Mio Torii<a joineil to rniao n 
formifliitilii clnniour, Tho <,lual<iMv< would rntlier nend 

four iiinocont men to tho ;.'iilloHt than lot it lo lolievwt that i>iio 
who had tiioir lij;ht witliiii hor hud rommilti-d iiiicido The 
Torios oxiiltod in tlio in-oaiK'ct of winiiin;; two aonta from tho 
Whi^K. The wholo kiii;;(lum »i\a divido<l hftwren Stout* and 
Cowpora." 

Mr. Stephen's aoW-tion of triala is. on tho whole, oxeollont ; 
indeed, ho tells us it had alroady been made indopendontly hv 
Mr. Tiealio Stojihon. Hut uoixl na ia tho trial of Captiin 
(toodoro of tlio Koyal Navy, who tioldly raiTii-d hia oldor brothor. 
Sir .lohn (IoihIi-io. on I'onrd hia ahip in tho [mrt of Ilriatol and 
had him niiirdorod thorc. wo ahoiild havo profirrod tho trial of 
Kliznboth f'anninir for ]>erjury. aa tho ono trial of no [xilitiral 
intoroat wliirh oxoitod tho stri>n;;oat diison.iions and difforencoa 
iimoncr the puhlic, at any nitn, iM'foro the TirldxiriK- raao. 
Possibly, if tho roroption aoc-onhxl to thii aolortion in 
aiifticiintly favourablo. Mr. Sfoplion may be tompted to iindortnke 
iinothor. for tho store is still iinoxh^ustod. ami thoro nrr quito 
aa good bohind. 

Historical Manuscripts Commission : Kifiviiitli Ko- 
piirt. IIJ • liin.. 7S pp. London. IS!H>. 

Byre ft Spottlswoode. 4d. 

Tho liftocnth re]M>rt of tlio lomiiii-iaion ia a ronwtiiont and 
roadablo .suinnmry of its work aiiin' tho ip.iuo of tho proM,.iia 
rojM.rt in Manh, 18!H). Tlio t;ri>tttor part of tho volume ••.nsi'ita 
of oxtrat'ts from tho admirable intrinlurtions that havo Non 
writton for oaoh oollwtion by tho j;ontlomon who havo ina|«<.-to<l 
and oditod thorn. Ti> all thoso wrilora the rcador owoa a doM 
of no ordinary kind. Without thoir ^uidan^e tho |>ap<>ni 
would nppoar as n rhaotio and miarollunooua .■i>rro»p.>ndeni<'. 
throiijjh ivhioh it would lie dithonlt and toilaomi- t<> pi^-k ono'i 
way. Thoy havo lodiuod rhaos to ord.r. havo w.'vrn the 
whole as far a.s po.«siblo into a ronno toil namitivo, and hivo 
pointed out, with unf.iilinj; ai'vura<v nml im|>Brt:ality. tho 
Nipnifioanoo of oarh now .mTap of liistori> al material. Sin o 
Manh. l.SW, about thirty rollctioni haM> boon oxamm"!. tho 
moat inj]H>rtant of whioh are those of tho Piiko of Portland, the 
Duke of Somorsct, LonI .\iloshury. Lord t'arlislo, I.ord I>nrt- 



oliier Hal' I, whllo f'>r ll.a tiatlHIl uf tikr |t> •! Ii :>!<«•%« 
Hat of luuliliaa liallaM |)m> ft'ittp of lollaitaaha iWt 

• oiMullxl The ym—ntl fHumimitiun •«* ()» M^< 
((•ilia, |y>ril l.olliiaii, l.<>fil HalutMitT, l>»r<l lti|«.«i |^«<< 
t^ntl*il-^Bhmty, l.<)r<l Kxtmctvl Kila«>«b>»i«. iIm 
Oitord, l^iril Ari<'i>, -^tr ^^laafH Viy. M 1^ t 
Malwnll l.ytc, aiwl I'rolraaor "^ It •••niiiaM Ittf f «» 
Init'l yj»h»t, kaa dt<<l aitirn Ihs ffjort •«• aiptK*!. T^ 
work of trMixx ttoti, it> iutliti^ ihs ft^\mtmi'"*t 'A f«i 
ililr>alu<'tloita, Ka* bmii •arrtcil on ilarin( \hm laac Ihrm 
the it«« \V. U Marray. Mr \S V i\m\'»u ^- k , Mi 
.lealTrxann, Mr J. Ho«.>'-» \Unnu\, Mr V* l'»s» ' 
I'ch.Ik. Mr It K •! Kirk, Mra H I' I^Atiua. M; <■ 
Kvalia, Itw Ula Mir J T <>il|jsrt. ainl iKa late -ir W I 

III oiir *rtl> Is of the l*t ltl«t •« OWIlt >• .t>C»l »rif'r» 

"It whl'h tli<<*«' ro-rnt ("I'ltnaM >ia<l lhr>.«ii t.mm 
t«rtl>-til*r, the . •>rrni|«,iHlvni <i ■.( |i» }f,» mAh \iv 
forma f«rt of the Portland .'.•l|»^li<w, (•<• (..r itx 
full inforination aa l<. tie Kiai'a |>,lit«ral w, rh an>l t 
niiaalolia tpii whi> h hr waa aent hj kta |alf,<i MarUy 
I>oint, the tliike "( portlaivla lafrra w illi th* oTifi 
tniiat l>«- I oitmilte<l . the prMMntt refw.rt ho«eirr, i 
briefly that l>e Von i;»>e HarUr cno. h n>of« )>«>lp 
hithort" Imh n a<i«|« ti^l. aivl that the r^Utlon^ artwMi 

• 'onaideriiii; ttloir i|iii|<«rity of ranli, Wrro oilrenwli inl 
•ooiiK that !••> K'* waa iiitr'»l>i'r»l l<> H>-le^. *■% 
William Pateiaon, aonie time in ITKl In tlw ant' 
fidlowinj; ye«r lie b<>(;an a tour thr'-tiirh ()■« . outitrt, 
tho «tato of opinion in rarioiia iliatrK-t*. aft^l eixl** 
inlluon ■•• tho piiblio, or, rathor, the tote-a. In fa«' 
ttovemmoiit In ahort, he lombinoH a polilual i 
with the biiaineaa of n pnli|i>al apy. ainl Iratellerl, r. 
Hnrl«-y"« oxjienae, throu^^h the r«atom arxl »»t;ern r... 
thon>'i' nnrthwnrd* int.> I'hoehir*. I.*n aahire. arwt 
Thia Work iM.iipie.1 Inm for moro than a yrar. ao-l .|o»» i 
t"i havo Ih*ii irry highly rrmiinerale«l «>n hia re'iirn 
iinploro M irley f> a iwl him fJOO . r l.TW i.. •• free hi- 
imm> di.ile fury of fiv>' or an am- A*nrubU rr»>li*.r>ta 
tho truth, hia l<'i.'Ki'i« h-tlera. ■•( whuh ttx-r - a-e ae., 
tho stamp of |,-<'iiiua not lo«.« than hi« •Iher writinx*- 
l"(*"i. camo hi< miuion t" J^collaiKl. in th*- r..ura«- o 
waa hia ibity to a^^iinte variooa char»rt*ra an I alia*' 
ascertain and report upon the temper of llie S.-»itti«h f 
their loiulera during th" noiroliationa that pri-«»«te«| i 
liiion Hia views uDd oK»«»rT»tioria on lh>t "uh 
piiblishi'tl by him in ITOP , it wi>«M l« inti-reatmi; t 
fur hia folio of 1700 oorre-jxiMla with hia IrtSara a lit 
to Harloy. Tho report atatea tlw»t many m"'re of 
lottora. the hiat of them ilateii I7M. will h«> fntiiwl n 
voliimo ..f tho C'aleml.ar of Harloy P.»[.r«, n<w (uuii. 
tho presa. 

.\a th"' iploation ..f .tooaa t.i paMir <V<uta»iit.a 
la'<>ii dia<iiaa«al in tho House of Commona, i| may 
ijiioto tho followiii); rhtuae of the inatnirtion* t'> 
mia«i.>nora : -" We il<> hereby authorito you tt. rail i 
and civ-oi-erntion of all paM^aai.raof maniia.-TipCa am 
invitins; them to aaaist yon in furtbermc the ohj^ 
fonimiaaion ; .iwl to tno them full aaauran-e that i>o k' 
i« •oiicht oxoept aurh .»a r<'latoa to ] uMii arTair*. an- 
knowhslgo or information whi.-h may I— oi4air»<»l f 
iollo<tii>ns ahall !■<> promulsatml without their fidt h< 
c-'uaont. " No pnrtirnlar date limita the in>)uirT ••( 
misaionera, but we do not recolUct m«T» than a 



66 



LITERATURE. 



[July 



kMut Hmitt IV. in hit atru):):!* *>tH th« League. The «z< 
p«ditk«. which iKxM 1x4 atwin !•> htv« )m«ii n«caMauT. iliit little. 
Ami ivUtmed hom« b<4»rv thp t>«ttlp ••( Ivrr. Thi<iv ato ulao 
many ref'TtaacMa lo ImluMt. a> luual, aDti to tiio rhtxtnic (ixiiafUi- 
tioo u/ an inr»«ioi> (r\«ii S|«in ; but on the ttholo tli«re i(* tiiotv 
iati r— t in e<vtalii miDor iu«tt«*r«. nuch :«( K«cuuni'>-. Martin 
Mar|««Uiff'* IkMika. aA.I t)io oltsc-naniv of I^-nt. Aa to Hcounttnry, 
it itcvtl i«l,r lo' a*iii that thf< nciwr m<>n |Nii<i a hoary annual iiiM>. 
»hil» tbr |ta>r«r wtitv in>|>ri*i>naii. W.. hear of only om- iHinvort, 
" Ut« • monk prv>fi«anl. but dov IxK-^'mo a dutiful iiul>j<>ct to her 
Ma^tT,"«ho i* *p<H-inllj' rtx-omn»»n€U«l to the Arvht>i»liojiof Can- 
Ucharr for »>rly prrcvntitioii loa living Tho " mMmlalou* iMtoka," 
aaCaiiMirn >-alla lli<-m. of Martin Marpr<-lat<> PrnabytfiiHn attack* 

00 th* Churx-h of KngUnd -canic nrvi-ml timiw l>efor<> tin- noticx- 

01 tho Trirr Coun^-il. A |>rint<-r. a t>TOiM'ttor. .«iul uprv^aninn «rr« 
•itit to itriilf«cll to U> oxMniineil by tortute : Sir Kiohiiri 
Kni|;hlly and i>ttM>r( «hti n-eri' aupiKUMHl to knoa the anonymou* 
author irarv alvo (•xaniin<-<l, and a loi-al inquiry waA conductMl 
at (.tloucw»t»r. the clergy of ahirh city had lioon |M«rticularly 
aimol at by th<- lilwl. A later volum<-, u<> doubt, will n-cord the 
px<K-uUon of Hi-nrj- P.-nry. tho n-put« I anthor, in IftSKt. .*>t«j;i>- 
|4ay* in Ixmiluo, no lean thaii tht- IVi'aa, were subject 
t» a oeo<or»hip. bi<cau»e " the playera takv upon thoniselvce t>i 
han<Ue in thtMr pUy» corVtin mattero of Divinity nnd State 
unlit to In nuiToml " : aixl the An'hbialiop of Cantt-rbury in 
daair*>l to ap|>oint " aorae fit (lenum well Uianitd in Dirinity " ait 
joint oenaor with the Ma*t4-r of the ItolU ami the I^ord Mayor's 
noinine«> ; the tliree " with aonn- niHtMi to view." and allow or 
{••rbid a« tliey ple»*e<l. all plays in tin- City of Li>ndon. Wu may 
iviti- that ao wwa paid for two jivrfomiances before tlio (Jueen 
oo St. Stc|>hen"s Day an<l Shrove Sunday. Hit Majesty's 
repilations includMi the material as well as the intellectual food 
of her subjects. Elntxirate ordem wore gixcn for the due 
obsrrvanca of atwtiiience <liiring Ix'nt. In London u n>pister 
was to be kept by the LonI Mayor ><{ all butchers who were 
licensc<l to sell meat in lA-nt. and all innn and cook-shops and 
tavenin werv to )>e searched for meat at leant twice a week. " as 
well in the tinii« of dinner and supper as otherwise." The 
pleasure* of illicit dining iniut have In-en hk great in London as 
in a modern l'ni\er*ity town. In the country the Lords 
Lieutenants were to tie equally careful. One butcher only was 
allowed to sell moat in each principal town in Lent, and that 
only to those who were licensed to eat it. When the order was 
diaobejred in London, ttw Mast<T of the Rolls, the Master of St. 
Katherine'f. and the Keconler were instructed to see to the case 
of certain l>iitcli*r« who " <lid pretend to kill and utter flesh." 
and, if th4-y were found to have no licenoeN, they wore to lie 
imprisonwl and their stocks of meat were to Im^ given to " the 
poor prisoner!," who proliably kept an inroliintary I.«ent all the 
Tear round. 

Bplstolae Academicae Oxon. (( )xr<iit] ili.stoi-icnlSiM'iei V. I 
Br ZL Anmtmy. 

The volumes which Mr. Anstey has ei.title<l for convenieiic*' 
■ake " Kpistolae Ara<h-mic:u' " contain much U-sides lett^TK. 
Tbay are rvaliy a collection of academic documents, mostly 
rwlatint; to bu«iiM>M matters, b'-loncing to the fift<-entli century - 
aoinittancea. ti-stimoniuls. acknowlo<l;niieiits of gifts, assertions 
•if I «'iTi !••([<■* many of them throwiii); un interesting light on 
tb* history of tlu- rnin-rsity of Oxfonl duriii;^ the (leriod of the 
War* of the K»sa-«. I'ublislnil for u learned society. It is hardly 
t<> b* ex|«cted that tlu-y shoiiM at once a|>| eal to the (jeiieral 
rwidar. But Mr. Anstey lias nhonn a|n>in timt he ciinsiders the 



the |ieriod it naturally one of great interest. Ketid 
an<l It new loamiitg was ap|iroacbuig from Itidy: it 
of a new e|ioch in academic as in Reneral history 
war must have cripplml the always insufticient i 
I'nirersity : and Oxford, situutetl. us one of 
" in anKulo mundi." must have seen with onrf 
aims of leiimiiig extending elsewhere, without 
the moment <if profiting by thsir extension hers 
darkest nigbt preceding that dawn which bro 
ami new U-nefactori. liut for tho time the oui 
enough. 

A* Mr. .\uster ssyK. these documents ili 
com|>«tf with the i'ltston letters. lioth in form 
are totally unlike : nor do they nive a roul pic< 
yet incidentally they throw a good <leal of light 
the I'niversity. and more esjiecially on tlii> 
studies. As we sliouhl ex|«ct, the most frequent 
Oxfonl, " i|Uon<laiii scientific* prolis inniimern 
bus sufTere*! severely by the |>«-rsecution8 of 
distiirlMMl state of the times : she is " longa sii 
satis atteiiiincioiie consumpta '' : her " alumpnl 
are continually Ix-ing Iwsoucht for aid. whether 
destitution or maintaining her privih-ges. She 
in return hut a<lulatory sujierlatives and wli:i 
reganled an more substantial — promises of pr 
when an unkind fat*' shall r»tmove her friends I 
Of these friends Humfrey. Duke of Gloucester, i 
ful and |iowerful ; ami the letters which illust 
relations 1ietw(H-n tho Duke and the I'niversii 
most interestin;: of the collection. It is for 
accessible to tt'schers that the rniversity is like 
no epithets are too ornamental for a <lonor wl 
to pr(>sont 'J80 iHioks at least, and by whose be 
very interesti:.g letter tells us, the original C 
now placed within the reach of all. He is comp 
Camillus. Achillea, Hector, Alexander. Poui|H>y, 
be is victorious, littoral, charitable, and just, 
hanlly endorses all the epithets l>estowe<l l)y prut 
if over, flattery was .surely justifiecl tiy circumstai 
the epistolary style of the iMiriod was conTe( 
Indee<l, the I^tinity of these letters is itself 
study, and deserves more than a |iassing notice, 
makes it im|Missihle to do more than indicate I 
as|M>cts of this remarkable collection, which will < 
the attention which it doscnes from B|«cial 
branches of academic history. 



OTHER NEW BOOKS 



The last instalment of Dr. Murray's 
DiiTi<iN.»Kv (Clarendon Press, Cm.), which con 
half of Volume V.. contains 3,TMi woi-ds (Horizo 
about four times as many as tho "Century Di 
first iNiit of the Section consists mainly of natii 
latter mainly of (ireek derivativts. largely thosi 
foniis which diHfi;;ure scientific hooks. The 
" hydni,"' " hydro-." " hymen," " hyni 
" hyi>er-," and " hyst-" go near to 611 forty i 
these aie old, snch iis " hyiMx-rite," which <l 
and " hydrophobia," 1647; but the majority of 
mwlem. V'ords in " hu-." on the other h.i 
Fjiulish, and iiiaiiv of them stuind-woids. An 



July 22, 1899.] 



MTKHATniH 



tinmth, wlicii tli.'V \mn»u t» Ul«« ih" |.l». •- ut ••.Tiiiiip ' «ihI "I'UiM-h ' 
" Hurrali " ;;niiiinilly |m»ii«s for the iii.Mit Krih'liih of me*, ^rt 
ttint i» not roiii'litnl for nitrliar tlmii Uiti nij'hU'Olitli irvfitury 

An imuul, thai iiu[).tritt« mitrii'ii ar* rirli ri'uilint; Sonm •iinU 
vi« iueilii};iiiii<rutlli;;, an •• liiiwy " . otliora iiii|irotii, a« "■ Imrnaim ' 
( A 11 HI. I ;. in), which uplilii nhiHil i:U) into two, '■ hilliMii " aiMl 
" huiiiitiiu " in ill tuliiii'il a<iii>« Mnlirul lori'iiiitxrUln* the rr«li>r 
umlur '• HiiniDin." ouotoin ami Uw .irti i<\i'iii|ilifii<<l h) •!>. li aortb 
UH " hiiiiihiiil," " himhaiiill.tinl, " " hiiatin^ " ll nwy !■> ii»«* 
to inunv that thori' wu« i>ii,.. .,ii omi ml iitll'Kl tho Kin;,-a >iu/>- 
halul, that nmny |il»i'i« luul th»ir 'I'mwu'. HiihImihI, thai thcrn 
wiia II liiiaboiiil to tho K.iit lixlia t'oiii|uiiy , ami mo think it a 
pity thut It >u|'«ra<iri;o ia not i'mIUhI the Shij.'a Hiialuml atill. 
'I'ho I'ntriea ■■ huh " uml '■ hull " contain a K^Mt iloal of froab 
inlormktion. " Moia<i " ia uu ini|Hii'tant. nrtiil*. thuu);li »• 
MtHt no nllimioii to thu anilora' •iiatoin of lliir^iiiK tha Jti'ail 
HoriMi (ari) Koik-LoiM vin, "JMI). 'I'hia worti ia a trry i'r>>t>Mia 
for intianiiii;«, anil tlm worhl haa Ihhu riin>ui'ki'<l for >|iiota- 
tioiia. \Vi. Iiitvii i<viin L<ir«l Siliahtiry |iiitlin>; hia munoy on 
till' wron^ lionv, uii iitt«riinc« which hnU fair to Im-couki 
iniinortitl. Anothnr iiiticli< full of ijimint louiiiinK ia lloni. hut 
Dr. Munuy ilixia n<>t i|iiit«> ilcur up tho myatcry of th" 
Klixiilivthun iion«« of it. •■ Horn-iuuil," hy tlm »«y (p. ;u«t, :i), 
III quoti'il from ('iiii;jrvvo, Ncxiiia to fitll uiiiliT tho milaphoricul 
•«ini«) ; not ■• ntitrk-mual," hut " mail for lionm,'" lU'tonniniHl to 
havii tbom. There in hiiinour in " hiiinlihi-pix," Mliicli originally 
wua u auvoiiry dinh of ilcurii' " iiiiihloii " or in»ur<lii ; the aanii- 
kind of jokti in aoon in 'rhcophiualua, whoan Mvan Man uim'« 
fiit'uvifi ft^Ttiji, Kin;; I'onnyfuthcr'it hualinl. " llun^-ir-tiiine " 
ami " hiiatlcniont " nm wonia which nIikuIiI not ilit< ; anil 
toboKnaniTs, thuM;,'h little they know it, mij;ht ilea. riU< tluir 
pet sjiort in trill. Kii^jliah aa " hui ly-hack.l. " •' Hutl-putr " (a 
tickle iHirson) nnil the tliriiminical " hiiH-anutr " iro worth 
rcmonilMMin;; ; ami we lik«< " hurry-curry " for a awift vi hide. 
Would not the liiat word il<> for the motor car '/ 

We c>in;;inti:lnte l>r. MiiiTay on thia imw jmrt of hia (•ri'ut 
work, with a piijisinif !ii;;h thiit aolmlani liiive n.'t vet pluniied u 
<ir«K>k Dictionary on the anmo principlea. 

It i« not unnatural that the i«H<try of MoU'it Hrowniii;;. 
which i» still " caviare to the p-neiul," should Im' attiiietive to 
e«.aayist». Mr. Arthur Syinona and Mr. Nettleahip have ahowii 
iiH how Well it i.a poK.Mihle to writ*' with Hi owning' a "eventM'ii 
volunie.s for a t«xt, am) it wmilil he iiii|'oaail>le to count up all 
tho iiiaRN of comnientiiry that the varioiia Hrownin^' foeietiea have 
hroujjht into oxiatence. Tln' Khsays i» HoiiKitr Kiiowmm. 
<Soniu>n.achein, :!s. (id.), which have b«>eii iaauetl hy .Miaa Marion 
Little, seem to tie akin to tliia cat«'j;ory. Thry are not very 
diH'p nor very wide, and deal nioro in ijuotation than in ciiticiam. 
.Misd Little's pn^ea will prohahly appeal ntoat ivailily to niemla>ni 
of Brtiwnin;; societies, and the olher weaker hrethren wh.i timl it 
I axier and think it more inti'lliitunl to irail nlxiit a fntnoua |K>ot 
than to tiicklo hia work for thiinM'lve>. \Iiaa Litllea look may 
he conlitlently retoiiuneiidial to sii.h a" the wi.rk of a uoll-road 
and cultivated onthuaiaat for Hiownin;;, who atill retaina the 
faculty of juil;;nieiit oni>u;;h to contemn thoae who call Krowiiiii;,' 
" our ;,'roato8t Kiivrliah jwet, our doope^t thinker, the ;:r<>at<>at 
fnli;;iou.s tonchor in all litei-oture." In her firat oaoay Miaa 
Little doal.a ahly with tho natiiie of Hrowninir'a woik hv tmciuK 
his intliience both on tho lar^jor piihlic and tho e»ot«'ric cin-lo« 
which UB« d to rave iilxxit " Sordello " in tho i n'-nyinU'liat dav» 
when that work was considorod exceptionally ohaciire. Her other 
osnays are devoted to " I'aiacol.sim, ' •• ('a| imnncchi." the v.irioua 
p<i©iiiR on I'uintin;;, and •• Ohri.«tmaa Kvo. " It ia |a>aiiihle, 
n>itl<....f ~,.. .);•... II..,....;.... «., ...;.. „ t..;. ;.!.._ «( i. ..( i.;. 



m»»efU»\l ,a»ty h» lui'ivy •ttlcltol ti|> |u l)ac llb't.,: 
1.411 k«|>l tt lb bi* I'Ufw, like i/ttMrf KfMxbinM.. II 
nut, al lirat, take any elal^ufals |«scAuii..iaa u. ■■, 
On ttio cobUarjr, b« ao<* a ahilJi t<ili)>>.» k aikl a 4 
a i-ci>a|iii.'iM>ua dtaovlui ribi;, ajvl iLc lol iWim/u 
of MoixMir, and ■anl tb"\T%nt>n in |l>e it<M:liii>cba>r. I 

whern ho l«<1>Khl a (hut, IhouKh, IliMrailaf tfi Ka^Iu 
" oiplall) hia rc<|iilratt>rn(* |.y lanlutviin^ lit* 
plaiai aaa lh« lir>'a*c»<'r ll"(al Dictu^c )>« uxxol to ^ 
itwiire to Urn Oa'.laJMla I'atk Holoi , tlM>r«.<c t., • cmw 
Niiirvy , aiMl thaiKB to Mt^ (/<w0it • liotal, al Nm 
\»»tk la a vi«ar|oita nartatix', ii>Ur>atti>( U^t ite tk* 
a< for Ita niallcr, atul inC<ra|*T*»l aitk —jtw 'A ^ 
liinilnuna critieiaina uputi Kngllah Ufa atvl bal.iU 
ii|ioit tb« i.icyrlti aairt, abtch nxrt ait), hu a(>fa 
•tatenx'tit tiutt • ul.>it«l Henry • niiaa<licttt»r> aii 
aaa forvlolil In a •Irnaiii t" tho authur • lU'iKhlm ltt>| 
what of a atiain 'ipoo tlio <rr»liility u| tii^ fawlat a • 
i* Ii«»t leaMitunl l.y th" ann.i'io* •iiiabl ti'al Mr. V| 
" no intt'nto.n of ap|«N>!inK lo tlw l'a><hioai H«a««(d 
teat, corrolorali', or 'lia|)ri>vn liw> 



Yiir .Makix. or Htaui, I7 WiUiatn Kratuc. 
( Mai'tiilllaii. 7a M ll I, la a la.ok ahhh |>rcaa«ila it> a 
form th* n-atilta of aula itml dlllv'atit fraa af • h T)>« M 
ciiatoina of thn Haaaiaiia )<'for<. tha ariKal ■•( (ba K>i 
dealt with uluUiiata-iy ii. tlw eailirr amtiocia , ttwir bi 
I'ouk'a timo onwaiil follnaa , thvir I'll'.r* la lb<> 
jiidiciu'i* ap.-i ilatlon in the .oik hiding; • baptat* . 
aerioa of ap|>efidi<-i a. atatiati. a are itiarahallwl in ..r 
In thi- main tlie work iiiapm-* tho ro«pa<.^> that Uil'i* 
hut. oiiio bihI d^'aiii. I ho<'rf'ilnraa break* in Tbia la 
ciiao in tho dia<'utaioii >>f the H.>'aaian |a pilaitoi 
.\ccordin;; tu tho authur. tb« ap|atllint; i loaib - raU t 
anion;.' the ialaiider* it to U- attributol, anion;; frtiu'i 
thu iiiHiioiiio of the iniaaioiiariv*. alio lia>« inU'ali 
them tho unfortunati' habit of ararini; clothe* a b* 
with the iiaite aimplirity of a |«iinitl<o [a-upto, liwy t 
to oxcoaa They often, it M-^'ma. " p'll on two |«iit 
a thick woollen ahirt. with ti^-ht l> ota. aixl aU 
heavy ovi-rall." Tint i* lad etioii;;h . but Uwrr 1 
follow. ) )ii iiiaiithcieiit piovocatioii tha Haaaiana 
op|>osit« extiiDio, ui ll ui.drosa themu-he* in cjaf.i 
rule* alike of prupiii ty and hy;;ioi)« . 

Tlio writor lemoinlvr* ■•'a'ine tbv tuttKo cbi 
whoii cau;.ht in a aboaor en appr"acbiiiif tbe m.- 
throw oti their tinery. mon and %>oin4'n luvotbor , a 
biilldiii;; 1" ^''.n ,..i(....i'i/.'... with titPir r^Mt* *.' 
biindli* ui:ib r their arma Within, tho toiop of t 
could hanlly l^o heafl a'aivo the ro'i;;hinR ainl aooa" 
crowd<"«l audience. 

Olio cannot wonder that tho lUatb rato ia hi|;h 'r«pr 
inlliienui) anion;; auch an impiiUlvo |>ro|>lr 

Mr.. Mii.i.'<, by .XIoTainlor Stuart lS«mpaati I^.t 
iloa<'rilM'<l aa an Kntliah analo^-ue of that pnpalar Ain«>i 
" Mr iKxiloy in I'eao- itiMl War. " Uioii;;h jnati.o t" 
leipiirea ua to a<ld that Mr Mi;:.-a waa kl>o«n tu tha 
the I'.tti M'tll li.i'tir U.f,,r.. Mr I»->oIot ha.1 br,^. h« 
in hia native <'hir»po Hy profoaaimi a .i.bWor 
conviction a Sc-ial l»om<»rat. Mr Mijira i< rrpr 
conrertint with Mr Stuart ami with a c«Ttaiu ho. 
lorryniaii on the various lopi.a of t)ie <Uy on <>ld »c< 
for example, on the Dr^ yfua ca«a<, on tho rriata in tba- < 



rational ilroaa, ami on the I*>>ac«> < 'onfi rvix-o 



fw, 



M 



UTERATURE. 



[Jul: 



m^^kt fti mm m vtm wKan Um •ttb)«r(s whioli it ti«»U no Ioiikw 
tiMToti with •rtuiklitT. Th« folloviU); 4n-Urmiioii U • Uir oxampi* 
al Mr. Mija:*' llmirioa, mt*A of Mr Htowt's hiimmir :-- 

" I ««a (craatlr took aith I^ini Hui:ti <\vil'i •petH-h. wiiirh 
h* MMleon ptiltii/ U>» t>r«t l>i>«4it«-r« into tiiv Ht<u*f of LonU 
lor lo mnU tba tuuJi of Um- Ari-iit>ialiii|> iif t'antarliiirv. He'a 
a protnl aiul airoiix auui i* Uu- Ar«-lil>i*li<>|> . Imt I'd liVc f»r t<i 
••• kih aljuxl u|> fair aIhI Miuan' atxl no favour to Mr. Hu^li 
Pticm Uui:haa It voiilii (■• as ^immI aa a play jilht to wat>?)i 
tliMB. Hu«:i>r«, if 1 aiti'l mictaki'U, ia just tlic Mirt of man a« 
Kookl ktaiii; on likr a bull-t<Trirr no matter wlior* lu* hail hla 
(Crip . . thira Ivt Hu^lua |;»t into tJio Houan of IxmU, 

ar.4l if ha (io<rt naka Uia Hiahopa Imp. t)»en 1 don't know mjr 
buati 



TIm t)««inaii Kin|K<«Mr'i tplaAram to Mra. Kii>liuf! ii aiiotlivr 
•uh^nton which Mr Mi^t:* Milar);»«. not wiUiout oriiiinality. 
Hi* intarloi'uttir Itaa aaki'd him wht-Uior ho liaa hoanl of tha 
t<>t<'<trmM to Mra. KipliuK. 

" I'vr *ai<l hani tiling* of William at tinu*," aaid Mr. 
Mi^ir* thoti|;lttfuIly. " Imt 1 liki> that young man. I Iwlipre 
hi* intmition* it alaaya pro|<rr. Ho piitta row in mind of a 
nuv rouiif; mm in a •mall way of liu*int<ai aa Iioul'* to im-reane 
hi* >»iuMixion l<y f:<Mx\ mannora niul (:aiionil nnnliilitr. Hut 
lion °t you make no mutakf. William ain't a fool, my friend. 
Ho meant that ta-l><|:ram to Krii(;i>r.Kn<l ho rooaim thi* tolejfrnm 
to Ammra. lie< auap tin- ii>U>f^aiii i« to AnnTiua, ami not to the 
<|uartar ahii-li laara the aihlrea*. Our (-oniiiion raca, ray* lie, 
•imI 1 aav him rubliiiiK of hi* hands aihI In^wing pirlita. Yas, 
my friMHi, I like Williani." 

Finally, vo havo Mr Migg* on tho Peace ('onferenca. It is the 
moat actual of hi* tht-Mv at tlio |ire.'ent moment. H« i« oppoa«-<l 
tn tho<« who taka otf tlieir coal* to lettlo Uieir di«put<>.i ; lie 
racommaiMi* tham rather to " jnitt on i-xtra >'lotliin)( and liliwk 
Jftera*. ' AimI ha > ontinuea : 

The Heatv t'onforanoe it the triumtili of thorn |>rinciplea 
for which I havo fought ovi-r «ince I could i>|>cak. And I would 
girw • tire pounil note if I could dn<p in ainon^ thorn and hoar 
tha cnnrenatioii, which i* tho triiiinph of mind ovor brut<> 
►treiiRth and ipieranca. Tliink of thorn hifth-tliinkinp: men 
aittiiiK round a tahle aiHl talking Udow tlieir lireath of tlie 
haantiea of |«ace, liumanity. and justico. And then think of 
tiio annia* o' Kurope tremliling in thoir kIio<]* Ix-cnuHti they 
know that their day i* done. O. my friond. it in a j!orioun 
arane, aiwl it'* a bnming aliamo ai old Paul ain't there, for 
Praaidont lie ought to l>c of tho Kepuhlic of Peace. 

On the whole, it "(•••m* to u* Ihat Mr. Migg» i* quite as 
aoti-rtaining a.< Mr Dooley, wliilo hi* philofopliy hit* tho 
•riraiitaga for KngliHli readcm of illuminating matter* with 
which they are familiar. 

On tbe whole, arhoolboy* will be the wiaer and the better 
iur reading Mr J. H KowW* little luaniial on Knkav Wiiitixo 
(lllai'k, 2i. Ol.) : and it i* also |io*iiililo that thoy will m-t nioro 
■larki, [«t>ri<lad alw<iy* that thoy havo the » it to pick and choose 
amnog their roonitor'a rfK-onimondations. His iniiicipal fault 
ntnsicta in rtr( '.mmoiidiin; hii pupil* t* take aa mu -h |iains orcr 
their aeaay* a* they would Imve to ticnd in writing article* for 
•jwwrterly reviews ; aa<l this, of course, is just what the condi- 
ttona ol the art ilo not allow. Tho eiaay* which are written by 
atiMWota to hf ronil l.y examiner* have, in the nature of things, 
to be pr<aluiol without adetjuat*' prc|iaration. They aro the 
gwtMvmlizations of those who hnve t'l ^enemlize by order, without 
hsring time to Ir«>k up the |>articulirs. The ait of writin}{ them 
m, thetwfure. in reality, little more than tho art of skatin;: 
deUcstely over thin i<e. of niakin;: a littlo kiioHlo<l^o nn aa far ns 
poaaible, aad of M-le-tiOK a lino of argument not on its intriimic 
mertta, bat hoaoae it give* a promising opening for the display 
of such littie knowlulgo aa the writer happen* to [x.aaeaa. Vinwed 



mastitr who feels coin|ietent, on thu spur of 
" illuatrate and account for tbe love o( po 
{iractiual peofiloe, ancient aiul modera." 

Mr. Miuuiee, fungologiKt. author of a ralua 
fungi, rttntributor to tho pnK-ita<ling* of Heveral 
and hea<l cryptogaiiii*t at Kew. ha* done 
plant -grower* by the conipilntion of thin cxrelh 
Plant IMhkaxkn (Duckworth, fV». n.). No one 
author'* knowliMlgo and experience could 
diflicult and intricate Kubjin-t eomprehenaible 
who are imt *peciiili*t». with such *ucce»*. Hii 
ne<><led. Wo know an othorwiiw intelligent 
owner who jwrsisteal in aaserting that the * 
barley which ho confoundisl with {mllen- wa 
fertilication of the ombrro ; und it i« to lie fe 
fair rample of niany other*. Thire are *tiU niul 
and others onguge<l in land cultivation who aic 
of the fact that many of the plant <li«caft>B by v 
much money are duo to |)arasitin cryptogam*. ? 
not only doMTilH>* tlioHo i>anuitos, but give* Iv 
comliating their attack*. He shows clearly t 
often have only thoiimdve* to thank for tho 
diaeases. and that a little ordinary i are in tin 
refute would often check or even prevent th 
disease*. Tho work is ono that will please the 
sgricultiiriKts, and be of great uro to thof^e ul 
botanical science i* merely olenientary. Tho t< 
iM'tweon eighty and ninety illuKtration*, tl 
distinctness of which o(|unl anything wo ha 
botanical t«xt-book». The information i* full 
gathereil from tho latest British. German, Fren 
nutlioritios. Tho lM>ok deforve* to bfcome thi 
text-lMHik on tho subject, and it will certainly ti 
best books of a similar character abroa<l. 



MAVAL BOOKS. 

The first volume of tbe I)b.spat<'Hks and L 
Kl THK HUM'KAIlK OF HiioT. IH03-l^'0u, wliich Mr 
editing for the Navy Kuionls Society, cannot b« 
tho general reader without reservations. Vet 
contains not a little good reading. The udven 
Hamoii, for example, a Frenchman in our serv: 
Brest to pick up iufonimtioii with the certaint 
bo would be hanged as a spy, would atTord niai 
of romantic novels. But the put pose of the 
amuse, but to enable the student to understand 
niaiiitaining a blot-ka<le was. Thi* can only be 
lis the men at work, by means of their com 
blockade of Bleat was the very foundation of tl* 
ke«!p the French in the i>ort, and to prevent oth 
to join them, was the way to prevent the Kmper 
head at sea. and invading this country. Mr. L« 
tion prepares tho rea<ler by giving him a goo<l 
general comlitions. It also contains a very rei 
Cornwallis, who hold the command in those wm 
has had tho goiMl I'oitunu to M>cure a copy 
|X>liU>ness be calle<l the vuraos written by ('oi 
captain on the lialtle of Dominica. They conAi 
things said against Bodney by Hoo<l. In thei 
some of the other i>apers contained in the vidiini 
" gioat officers, " even of Nolson himself, is fo 
Mr. I^eyland has hail a moat useful piece of wo 
done it a<lmirably. 

For the same society Vice-Admiral Cypr 



July 22, 1899.] 



IJTKRATURE. 



tlicl mit writii nuarly au wall a* llii« •tuiii)ri»i>u* KiikIkIhimh <>( 
17-4. ili> wnii oliviuiMly u iiwn >4 goi^l •«>ii*« au.l mmuo iitaiKbl. 
H« luwl liuiiiiitliiiii; t" *'>y> ■■«l •o''! •( >■> u I'Uiii ■|..i*iirij|)it 
(iiiliioii. .Mitri ovi't, at tiiiKu, iKitalily in In* ikrtt'li ..( Count 
Apr»xiii, liii |T4«<'ritii iia with ;,-r.tplii)- picliirr* »>( ini|>'rt.>n( iiit-ti . 
iti.il tlii'i'i' iiri' III. I'll mill lliiTK |id»aiit;i a •>( « iKun.ua tuuratltn 
I'kUt lliiiia«lf tliM'ii iiiil kIwuvd IlLtUru l» III* uilvaiiUt;)'. < >ii llki 
mIiuIi', till) writiT K>'"* ■'■ >•'• oiiiil u( tlio Taar t iitt'irl ti. Biikn 
Kiiniiiu tk im%.il I'littar in niiitK ..f N«iitui>«, mIhcIi u IhkIiIx 
conniiiti'iit Willi kiiowii fiu-ta, ami wilh prnlidliillty 'Dio Hiiuian 
navy, III liti aiiH it. Han iliarly n ahitni. Tl:n urily aoliil |>art* •■( It 
HiTii tliii (urt)ii;n ■nilort i>( (urtuno, KiiKliah, Ihid-h. I>aniab. 
Norw«Kiuli, aiiil I'tcn Switliali, mtIio aiTvnl gniicrally (nr littli< ur 
no r«war<l. 'I'Ih' liiianiani iIiiiuiiioImmi «rri< plainly tli" l>-a<>t |<art 
of their own iiiivy, ami ulixii tlimr tunity li-<l tlum. to tlimk that 
tliojr coiilil ili^lM'tiaK with fiirnii'iitira, it rnllapMil. Iniiili'iitdlly 
Wi< wiu that tlix ilrxatli'il IVar waa thorniiuhlv ill a«rvi.<l It 
r«<|uire(l thu turror of In* prt>a«iuK to ailciti-o tlin fi'iuU, aiMi ttuii 
tlui itialin^' of III* othci'r.1. Thi> hulhor a aiimmin|i-up<>f tln' wai- 
llko nuhievi'miint.'* i>f thia navy ia hi^'hly coiiti'niptin.tii 

."^ir Vy\ rinn ltriil);i> mipplira a vnry valimlil" mtroili]. t|.ii niiil 
ap(H'nilii'i>.<<, hoth of whirh ntiow a Uii'ihIimIkk nf thi' naval atfalri 
of the north vory rnr« nnmnR Kn^'liahnn'ii. Hn ia, w think, n 
littli' unjtmt in hininin:; th« .Swixlet for not aurticit-ntly unilrr- 
■tandin^ tht> ni'tnl for ii Ki'<'*kt uuvy. No navy inuiIiI havii {>riit»<'t<«l 
thi' land frontiors of tho lUltic rrovimoa, whii-li hail yrt t'> bo 
protvcti^l, nnil by troops. Thin wrua thi> oMii^ntioii whirli riiiniul 
SwwU'n. Till' nionil of thi' utori- in not timt a In'ttj'r n.ivy woiiM 
lukvo saveii li<<r. hut that ii nation which la inanlar hy imaitiou, 
M Swudcn prartioikUy wita, pn>|>i>rca it.n own mialnrtunii* whun it 
noquiroH vuat tcrntiTici ovir a«u with vultuTitliv laiiil 
frontiers. 

BDUCATIONAL. 

New nrlii>olliiM>k!i. ju.^t now, ai>' liki' tlii< aimila uf tlii> ••■u 
for nuiltitudu : and it ia n lonK ttiak to »i(t them »» thoy duaarvi'. 
varyint; ^^'■' -'iovo lu'i-ordinj; to thi' claaji of ailmlara iiiniixl at 
Till- niinio of Mr. .\rtlmr SidKwick it. howrvrr. ii n-rtnin 
jtiinnintee of );oo<l work, and onn ran ooiiliilontly niomnii-nd hia 
-KxKiii II. itnd .Knfui 1\. ill thu t 'iinit>ridi;i> Sorira for achmiU 
and training colli>);ea (Citiiihridf;o riiivuraity l*ri>Mi, la lal 
ciu'h). Tho iioti'.H iiri' abiidjiiil frmu Ihoai' alnady familiar t.. 
stiidcnti in tlii> largi'i- iditioiis pithlishi'd In tho nann' author. 
But thero is ii vocaluilary iipix'iidod \N i. iirv imt ann' that thi'»«i 
Kp*^;!!!!!/.!'!! voc:ilinInrii-s. thoui;Ii iif.doiilitidly to !»• iiii-liid<<<l 
umong lalioiir-.taviiiK apnlianci>a, ar» in th<> loni,' run hulplol to 
dcholurship. Ono would any that it ia mon- inatructivu. aa wvll 
H» niorv sportanianliki'. to iiao a dictiimaiy Hut viKaliuUrii>< 
Sv'oni to h<> the mil- ; «i. find tlu'in in all tlir L.itin trxt-hooka 
on our list. 

In Blarkir'.a I,ntin Soriia Mr. Sti-phi>n (Jwyiin i'<lit» tho 
OOKS OK MoKvi K. Hook II. (la. M ) Tho inatructioii i« literary 
Its woll aa scholarly, niid tho not<'.a contain all tho iiifonimtion 
that ovon a nixth form ahouhl niHMl. TiiK (»K.vT|oNa or (hbko 
A«i.viNsT C.vni.iNK ("Ja. lid.), ill tho aamo atrioa. an- e<lito«l t>r 
ProfosBor f'harloa Hainnx Kofno. of •^ii€><>n'a rollpgc. Cork If. 
»» tho prpfiico says, tho iMlition mondy " aima at antiafyinc tho 
requiroment.-' of junior atiidoiita." ono fail* to »>•* tho iiaofiilnota 
of Buch note.H b.s '• l'liiyj»or» hraikota S4<iiiproni:i- louia : in- 
jilKSu Buohor and Krnojiti. jii.'vaii \V " It ia a i;ihh1 Look, 
howover. und ximo oxorciao.s in Latin prmo mi^ip-aliil hy th- 
toxt nro n valimhio innovation A .noniowh.-vt olat>on»t«- Momori.- 
);raninii\r and ayntax in the diatingiiiahini; i harm toriatii- of I>r. 
Doujjlfts Tl.omson'a edition of t)n%s.HKY I \ iBlark.'.'a til*. It 



'UtOfmr |»f a lMc)r<fl>>>, l'oUwr«lc«r, aail •*/•/ (it< |Jk<^ 

/•!>/< Ku'x'Af I m arrliary), U Mtftnw, /«>» I <«>i< t- 

Jtiri «u> IrUK'i*!, y-tttti « i« r«al«M« U, ■til !>••• MO u 
.*4|)iaf •' bi«ik Hot ll.a>a» mim a iutiMM>l)r M> n|MM« 
icitiiitB* a I'atiti. tL Kaa%i u I'aiwia ihiH>|i4iii 'i 
|m iilianly <>( In* inolliial roiuiia4.< m ' utMiUito^ lt> 
i|uil>li|aa aiwl sruttil* kufrcr* tliat U««* ll^c tBii.<u o 
• lioloiita • ^T>mln Malik than taslucc " T>u: fault . 
tlut rivablo* »tu> l>> ttk" a raptal bir.l'avja < t'« at li>o 
IhniiKh i( *» ••rrn loariiiitK >t *l uai' l"»«»ia •> alxMilal 

o'lr ri> rifif of til« ••Ulof fiaUOMflUiJ Tl>i* • 

I'taacLLa Loaxiaa la Kaa«i tt )('«Mtoll, 'ia , •Ivlmulv • 
in It* ItAth it.Otliaiol. aiMl nxilaloiim '"' aotuK. 
•>S<ir' iw* Tlirao Kroticli iMwUfa may I" tnafitiu 
Thn moat iMipalUr ailh Ix.jr* aill U> l.a Taaa>>a 
Cnaiato ' IIU' kill, la fm\ I. an npwialB iiuan l>un>*« , 
ralilail h) M. It. l*to|ait Kor moio a.lvaiv cal atuiWnta I 
I oi aia a alwl two utia*r i>l Kinila .S>ni>aal<c a pUya •>• ■ 
nn.4t littlii tiiliiiiiK liy Mllo MarctH^rila S.|w< (U>in(, I 
It rortaiiily »a< tm " (hat « h.»>ll>oya ah.^ihl In j*i>cit) < 
roailili;* aiiiiiathin^ hy Souoairo liaauUa " l« I'hilo 
loa Toita " O ir tlilril fca-lar la l.iw (<*• una rf L > 
(lllaik. la M. 11). caliInU by K II. KlikmaM aol 
IViontal It I'onaiatii of adwiaa IriMii tb« aatly btat'oy 
and iill;;;;naia t*. <:a t!.*t * Itima i.Miful lettabif , \*n I'*. 
|a.«oa, ini^ht hi. niaiUi by tilling »t<it|.a nl ll»^ imalxn 
KraiR'o. taken from tii" iMiwa^^axi A laanW l>i M 
' (nvi'ii whon oxpiirKatnl) would !»• a liLarai atlunaKnn 
I wliiloa looilor hy M CliiiM-iiCaau miKht antia aa a 
, in tho iiiattor of atyle W» cihiiiihiimI tb" tiU* (» \\v- 
. (-"lo'iTiia. und |auM on t<> Kat%< » *» :*nf, \y 
I Williahia I |(iirli'i;;h. ^' M. II ) Tliu boiik la " in 
I a ri'iiiiily for tbo laul pmnuni lalloli uf Kictirli «h 
I in noarly all arhivoU," kimI it atf* witat par^ott 
I phmiotic iiiuivaloiiLa of variuua Kranrh aupla. It ap 
I til j^nrr •hmilil I"' proimunci^l " lap wira,' ami 

" n.iiitr ' v-wai air >• " I'oaaibly it ahmiWI Hut y*"' 
, H.'W do y.iii pronoiiiic* •• luutr ' v-wa« air •« ' Otl. 
lan);ini;;o maiiuala ara a \ory compUla editiun ol Imi' 
; TiiHM hy Mr >i H. Cottarill iMntinllan. 'M i. ae« 
.""Ki.!- Tn i.iir. hy ('. A 1 himni ^.Marll».rout;b. la... 1 
Viilumo iiulinli-« an ixceiUnt akrt«-b of (i..tli.''a lili. 

In tho Kiikdlih liti-rntiiro (la|a»rt»n-til an ba»o la 

of .Mai Ait.it ■> K.<iAt ox MtLiox . oil* by .Mr J-th 

: (Hlv.kio. Ja ), and the oth..r by Mr M II CotUnll i^ 

' 'ia. IWI.). Tlic Utter la wi.rth tho oitra »ini"n«>. rm t 

that It ia tho li-aa platitiHiinoua . but pitbar sill 

'. piir]io«i. i>f i-amliilattai |C«parin£ for tliv Taarhara 

Kxaminittion. An ahbi»«iala<l Ita^uok. «a|.|c<l t 
I lltKhnm i lllark. la ). la an a<J<iltinli to llw mor\r» of " < 
I rratlirt." and haa a few notee pxplaimns aucb bani 
I •' S,.iip»chal.' ••kirtlo." •• fjntm." aiwI " /abenlina 
art) alaii *<>\rnil pirtiirre Hhakaa)>«ar» la TvprMWtn 
Mkui HtNT »> Vbmi a (Itlark, U. n. i, ••atitaal by Mr. 
and liiNHt VIII. Illarkia. la til.i. olil<al by Mr 
Sniith. Tho purpixr <>f th<' itlitor in lach aum la t- 
tho literary aapm-ta of the drama aial nut ti> nrcanl it 
"material for tho atudy of phitoloigr or urammar 
th.it no oxaniinationa am l»<>ininf; atioail. it »• no 
Imtlor way with .nnior lurma. Krtitiona of l>Tyil«"tia 
I .vM> Aii'iTR •imI llurkr'a Lnraa to a NoaLa l^-ai 
oach I an- .Afnotican «hi»dlw»>ka "f mui h n»rit. |>ut 
liarin. uf Hoatoti. but i-opKM ran la* had in Kn^lan't 
1 K<lwiiril Ani"lil. Both t>ooka ora vrry attractm.)] 
and lui^ht aorvi. a* a n«.ilol to i-rttam Kn^'iiah ei 
' publiahor* Ki.miKvta or Paooa. by \V .V. Hi 



70 



IJTERATURE. 



[Juh 



IN SUMMER-TIME. 

(Attn tBt r«u>t-« or r>jiM>ui* tVwrrjt.) 



I. 

Tbr Wr* arr b«iay ii> Ui<< thynx', 

Thf uK«dt>«« (tcvpitl in ■unshino lie ; 

Cont* out anil irrvat 

Th» (ummff. Swr«t, 

AjkI I will rhaae Ui<< flfiitg rhymo, 

AikI yoo, U»« btittrrfly. 

II. 

Or wb<-n' th<* »« allow ili|« litr wing, 

Wf'll follow Kancjr'a car<<l«aa call ; 

Ily ruatlin^; r*Ml 

And »wayin(» ww'd 

I'll h*T tho rhythm riae and fall, 

And you, the thru«tli< aing. 

HI. 

Ttian- in Uio blixaom-aocnted air 

We'll dn-am away tha dr»w«y hour. 

Where whi»]M-ring low 

The ripplaa go. 

I'll glnan a couplet h<re and there — 

You, her* and there a flower. 

IV. 
And I for that one day itliall hold 
The |-<*t'i lyTe. the world ti> move ; 
And Po«<»y 
Heraelf you'll be - 
Youn^, lorely, radiant, an of <>ld, 
And aa of old I'll love. 



H. C. M. 



Hmono m^ Boohs. 

— ♦ — 

"HANSARD." 
II. 
On April 3rd, 18G.5— the <iay aftfr f'oWen's death— 
Diiraeli, taking |«rt in the brief Cominemoration debat*' 
on the great Free Trader, in the House of < 'oinnions, iwe<l 
i«m« fitrilcing and ]>iotures<)ue jMKsages. "There is," he 
«aid,^'this consolation remaining to us, when we remember 
oar une(]ualled and irre|)arable los.ses, that tliose great 
men are not altogether lost to us, that their words will be 
often i|Oote<l in this House, that their examples will often 
b* rrferr«*d to and appealed to, and that even their exj)res- 
rions mav form |»art of our disfussion<. There are, indeed. 
I n»«y sav, some .Menil)ers of I'nrliament wiio, though thev 
m»j not be prenent, are still Meml^ers of this House, are 
iodrpeodent of <lissolutions, of the c-apriceit of constitu- 
rocM**, and even of the count* of time. 1 think that .Mr. 
Cobden wa« one of thene men." That is true, indeed, of 
great .Mem hem of Parliament. I'itt, Fox, Canning, Peel, 
R ni t II, IHsraeii, iiladstone have jxissed away, bat tiieir 



influence on the detttiniex of Parliament, or 
wx-ial legislation, and whose caret^rs wei-e ; 
elements that in all ages excite the intere« 
the wonder of mankind, are also immortal 
t'onimons. 

Hut Hx one turns over the leaves of t 
and twenty-three volumes of "Hansard" 
hundreds — nay, thousands — of names of \ 
liament, more or less renowne<l in their da 
absolutely forgotten. That is the ]Mthetic 
sard." Many of these representatives of 
preachers and proj>agandist*i of noble jwlitit 
are set out, in column after column, thi 
|X)werful and oftentimes vehement advocac 
for making straight the crooked twists in c 
— sj)eeche« which, perhaps, they fondly 
ser\'e as monuments in " Hansard " to sei 
<lown to remotest jtosterity. But how sadly 
hopes been disap)>ointed I One curious fei 
sard " is that, while the entrance of every 3 
House of Commons is recorded — "Mr. 
took the oath and his seat for Barchester ' 
taken of his exit, unless he hapi)en8 to be 
guishetl occupant of either Front Bene 
death, an eulogium is pronounced b^ 
colleagues and his jmlitical opjxineiits. 
majority of members ]>ass out into dark 
so far as "Hansard" is concerned; and 
very names are forgotten in the House in 
once conspicuous figures. The evanesc 
mentary fame, the fleeting nature of th 
{Militicai iKMsonages is, indeed, brought > 
the reader of " Hansard." 

And yet, as we all know, the influen 
the government of our Conunonwealth, n 
genius of the golden-tongunl orator, but 1 
gifts of an attractive and j)ersuasive sj)eak€ 
In jK)litics, the man with the jwwer of sf 
alile to express with ]x)int and force the se 
Party — soon achieves fame nnd jKisition. 
his day is great. His name is on the lips 
the morning journals record his utterancei 
trate<l weeklies come Inter with his jwr 
lesson " Hansard " teaches, that unless thf 
his name with a great Act of Parliament, ii 
statesmansiiip, or an e|XK'h-niaking agitati 
s|)eeche8 will be of little avail in keepi 
green to future generations, or in securing 
in history. It is not in their sjieeches tli 
of iK)liticians live — for these, aft<'r they 1 
puq>08es of the hour, no one reads excejit 
but in their achievements as st^itesmen or 

.\nd this leads us to another interes 



July 22, 1899.] 



LITKKATrUK. 



proc'«N'(lin>»»( nt St. St»"p|iffi'«. 'I'ln- luiinnii iT»vmi» Un 
fiiriM* iind riotorifty iiiiiHf. Imvi- fwi-n in th<>.«« (lii)>, tx<t in 
tlit'MP, till' inN|iiriii^ iinitiM-, with inoat iiii-ii, in •<-i-kin(> n 
MHiit in tli»i lloustf lit Common*; iin<l yi-t, no il itiiii^jir* Vi 
ux, .Mcnilx-rfi of I'lirliitmcnt in lln' Kiijtitfrntti ( Vnlury 
wcrt^ i)riictiruily tinnninioiit in tliinkini; timl n lirmy Imr, 
or iin|iriM()nm)-nt in tli«> 'I'owi-r or N'fwi,'nt»«, wn* ri<-lil_v 
<i<'»t'rvf'l liy llio-tc '■ Nftt <-\iritcrt " ulio linil tin* j>r»*«tiiii|»- 
tion to iitti'mpt to Kiv<< the |iu)>lii' Momr iilcM of thr orntory, 
th*- (liHl«*ctii-ul Nkill, iinil tlir> nr^nmcnt« with which thr> 
lending livrHonaj^cH of l>oth IIoum-h •u|i|>orf»M| or o|)|ii>«p<| 
th«' ]ioliti('iil (|iii'Htions of the timi'. 'I'hit ffflinj; in not, of 
courHt>, unni'i'oiintuhlt'. A fi>nt«"m|il for thi' n«*w<t|>ii|i«>r« 
wdM, nt th<< timf, wiih'ly iMil«Ttninf<l. A mt-niU-i of 
I'Hrliamfnt would tht-n no more dr)-itni of cnlnrKini; hin 
fnnn' hy the iijjfncy of the I'ri-HM than h»> would rotirt 
notorii'ty now liy |)r(H'liiiMiin^ his o|iitiion-i froni tin- top of 
an omnihiis to th«« jMi.s.Minj; crowd'* in Klft-t-ttn-*-! or tin- 
Strand. It wu.M alHo ft'll to 1><- im|MiiiKil)l<* fully an<l 
nccuratfly to rei-ord tlu' speechf* in Parliament, for short- 
hand writing; was at that time only in it- infaiwy. lUit, 
ahov«> all, thfru existed a hi^jh and mighty iilea of 
Parliament — that pui)lii-ity of its pioi^eedin),'-! wa-i deroga- 
tory to its di};nity ; an<l, with an extremely narrow fran- 
chise in exirtt«'nee, a supreme inditlerenee to pu'olie opinion. 

One also noti<'es, ijoing throuj;h the volumes of 
*' Hansard," a si^nilirant ohanj^e in the tone anil teni|xT 
of the (ipeeehes delivered in both Houses. Party spirit 
waH narrower and more fanatical in years jNist, as wii" 
natural, i)erliai)s, when ^'reater and more fundamental 
<luestiona divided politicians ; and the amenities which 
now soften I'arliumentary strife were, as a rule, unknown. 
The attack and rejily were more virulent, inspired, as they 
often were, as much liy jH'rsonal enmities as by political 
differences, and, (generally sj>eakini;, all jiarty opponents 
carried th<'ir (piarrels into private life. 'i'he style of 
debating;, from the oratorical point of view, has also 
undergone a marked change. The dividing line is, nniyhly 
speaking;, the K(*form .\ct of 183^. Oehates on 
(piestions which di<l not arouse that vehement expression 
of bitter party animosity, to which I have referr»tl, have 
often that want of reality, that abseni'e of the note of 
conviction, noticeable in a discussion in a delwtinf; cluh. 
Members sjioke as if their one object was to amuse ami 
charm ; to display their scholarly attainments, or their 
skill in turninfi; out epigrams and nicely-turned phni«es. 
Nowaday^-, there is little ap|>enl to sentiment, ima|;ination, 
passion, or emotion in either House of Parliament. It is 
nil jilain, straightforward, common-sense talk. 

The publication of" Hansard" does not simmu to lia\e 
l>een a commercial success. It was jirotlucwl at the 
exj>ense of its owners, without any nssistance from the 
State, from the beginning until as recently as twenty 



■ll*tr-l)aiicr tii ho utio — lt I* IM4 •ur]fn*lli|; to Umi 
waa no inoiiry in " Han*a/d " a* • i-Kiiiiiirti i«l 
tion. Ititt in 1H77, wlx-n for lli>- liot tiii««- 
lilttory of the Work ■ atalf o( tt-^mntff •»* t^iy 
rejuirt the |iriM-<H<i|ni;;a in ParliAiiirnt fcir il lI.*- 
linMiiK brvn liithrrto nuitnly i-oinpllml tnmi t>> 
|«|irr* the Slatr ;»a\r it « y^'^y ••••"•»'l'r of 
which <'ii|itlllUf«l until IMMI', whrii thx (;rBlil in 
thr form <if the |nyiiient >il i '>«l'i lor rm-\t tolntn 
lmi< thnii i>i;<> |«{;t~. In Ihmu Mr. T. < naii««cl 

inlefrat III thr work to tlir HailUtld l*tibll>iilll(; 

and the fol|iiwin|{ yrai •»■ th<- )«ii)krii|4< v 
unfoitunntr coiii|«iiy and thr i|i*a|i|iraraii<r of ■■ H 
from tin- tit|i-|i«ijr. of thr Pntliaiiiriitary Ivlwlr^*, 
they are •till refrrrr.! t<> in IxKh Hoi»«r« of Pailial 
that olit-fnmiliar nainr. * If l«t^ the |ir<>liirtt<>n 
l>el«tr« hn« lw<Mi < arriril ot: hv \ariou< pfiiitin;; fir 
as the ninoii'-t |miil by thr Trrtuurr u tli'- UA. 
ni!ei|unte <um of i.:((Mi a toliimr, rarh iYintra* 

l)e«Ml »'onsi<lrrabl\- out of l^akrl bv thr '.rfldirr. 

It sei-iii" almo.t in<'r>iliblr that ■ i;rrst • 
nation like ours should lia\i- jrfi to rhan<r, unl 
the r»'|sirtini; of thr priM-r<-<liii;;> of It* Parliamr 
most im|Hirtant factor in the making of it* !ii«tor\ 
UTausi- the Treasury grud:,'r«| thr r\|imditurr 
thousand |Kiunds |wr annum on thr wi>rk. Indrn 
the legi..latiire» of the world, ours the progri 
tlii'iii all, •'the Mother of Parlininent'- " i< thr. 
that has no! got an official ci>rj>» <ifrr|i«rtrr«,rrnploT( 
by itself, to record it- drlmte« and pro^-^^iling*. 
the |inrciinonioiis .-Ktion of the Trra«iiryi« diir to th» 
indirten-nce with which >onie •tntramrn ha»e r 
"Hansard." .Mi. I i IniUtoiie, iluiilii; hi* \i«it !•> 
in IH77. iiis|>ectr<l .Maynooth < ollrjjr. thr fainou* 
s«-hiMil of the Irish pri<'"thooi|. I »n enfennj; ihf 
o| the I'olleije, one of fh»- fir«t thin;;» shown hi 
the volumes of '• Hansard's Parliamentary I><-lint>-s 
authorities of the institiitiun thoii|;lit .Mr. if 
would b«' pli-as«>«l to find they had niiioni; thri 
the official record of fhr doini;* of that A'srmbly. i 
he W(ts Ml jjreat a ;i;;uri' ; but he told thrm hr hjw 
made it a Mile ne\er to allow a \olumr of ■■ Hani 
In- broiii:ht into his house at Hnwaidrit. In fort 
Mr. lilailstone ilid not explain why he tortk thii 
.\i,'ain, Mr. IJalfour has contemptuously rrfrrrr»| 

House of 4'ommo||s to •• tlie linfAthotiiaMr 

* Hansinl.' " l>i> ue find an aihspiate explanation 
wiirnini;-<>rt' by our statesmen of reader* from " II. 
in thes«> |rft«s4ij;«»s fn>iii Hisrneli's fatnou* attack < 
.'i^/ropM the Maynooth tirant in INJ.'i? " Wl,; 
all, do our state«men ««■«• on looking over a puirt 
centiifv, or more I'ven. of their •]i»-rch''« in • Ha 
What dn>ary |>iif;es of interminable talk, what pre 



ra 



LITERATURE. 



[Ju 



AK TTNPUBLISHED SKETCH BY SIR WALTER 

800TT. 



I-»rt jrr»r »<• !<iMi»l>«l two tkHclto* l«y Sir Walim- 8cutt. 
" THr A*pir*ti<'ii> <■( «'hri<toplu-r tVirdur\»T " (<)ct<>l«r IB). lU'.ti 
•• The Virt«aituitc« o( lM«r liriovanc* " (\owmlier 'M), whirli 
bxi not hmvn itiduiiail in uiv odiUoii of SouU's r<illi«totl wurku 
Thvv •p{««>rd ill ■■ Ttiv S«l» Ittxtm," a hix'LIv iiliM*t pul>liah»il 
hjr Jokn lUlluityiM- u( KiiiiilHirxh, from Jaiiuarv to July ctf 1817. 
tMT Walter caiitri)Mit<<ti to " Tl:* Salo Ko»in '' ui.otlmr aknlcli 
iiitruiiiiciii^ ac^ii Mr Pi>(vr (irivvanoi'. aiul tliii «« now it<|iriiit 
for t)M> (Irat time >it:cf ita af>|>gi«nii:cv in Mr KillantyTip'a now 
faryott<<ii |mlilic«tion. 



The aL<H«-h xf oi.r frieiid Pator Urievaiiee'a cl-arautor liarinf; 
mpt villi k>hh1 a<xv]>tanr« from otir rvatlora, we are tvinptoil to 
ftll up the following {'•^f* witli it oonvermtion which that 
iinf<>rt<niat» pmitlmiMn \:»M with another worthy of our 
ac(]ii*iiitaiic« a frw ilaya *iiice. 

Fwter.who amon^ hi* other miahapa it •cUlom without a fitnf 
th<> rheuniativni tir toothache, hati crv\it into a Imoksellcr'a nhop, 
■«ll t!annvlU<i on thi' iKxIy, and his i.eck. as wvll aa lon^. thin- 
peake<t chin ami m<>a^> jaas muffle>l in a lar^e ihiuhle Barcolona 
haiidkerrhief. It «a» hort> hi» fortiiiia to meet with an old 
aoqiiaiiitiiii«i>, Aniirew PiMnirv. whow t<>iii|ier forma a whimticnl 
c\>iitra«t with hia own. Arxlnw ia. what Allen Kamaay cieecribra 
in a kinj^Ie lino, 

A *bort-l.oiif;h('d nuui, hut full of pride. 

Hi- dii»'« not, any more than o»ir friend Ciriivaiice, omaider 
himarif as U-inR cxat-tly |>mraot<d in lifaaccurtliii): tohitmorita ; 
luit Iwiii^ a man of an alert mind, and a gixtd deni of oim- 
fortaMe •elf-oonofit (which, lot the readiT he asaurtKl. in like a 
ahirt of mail a^rainst the nhafta »f fortune), he has not permitUd 
hia diaappointin<-nt to a><«te hi* apirita or render hi* converaMtion 
loaa lirely. Ii.detcl. the aole effivt of the fail ire of hia hope* 
haa l«en to exaaperate a natural humour of contrBdictiun, and 
tharp<-n hia poK-micnl talents. He aeldom lets a proposition 
p^aa uncha1leiige<l : and is s«id to hnve l«en enp«ce<l in a duel 
in hit youth. inen-Iy from harint; hahitrally iiiaife use of the 
unliickr {hraae " I deny that " when an nthier of dnigimns was 
deK.n>iiiif; tJie Inttle of Minden. He t<«)k warning from this 
incident ; and now when the party whom he en^a^es wears a 
coat of ajiy other colour than hla<'k. contents himself with 
oh»en-irg, •• that i» not leyond challenjfe." or " that may lie 
diap«ita<l." Aa Andrew, N-Rideii preat alertneaa ai.d promptitude 
haa some reailine and infonnatioii. he oft4>ii carries 
with a hijih har.d, walka from the aoei.e of dispute 
ai.d di^estit his 1ieef-*t< ak in us much trium( h its if 
be had won the liattle of Waterloo. 

Pitroin- was sitting with his face to the fin-, and his Iwck to 
th<« otber p<-ople in the shop ; an attitude which he antiimea 
with the c»ntion of thoae wild animala who are aware that their 
|ir««ence would startle the olijecta of their pursuit. For Piaiiiire. 
wboee ol>j<-<-t it is to Rpring iifion the first un((uarde<l proposition 
which may admit of chnllence, has oIisitvikI thut the very sijilit 
of his continitioiis viaape ia apt to alarm thi^se quiet (x-raons who 
lore to sf eak their simple minds without Iwing called upon to 
dW*nd each woni so iu>on as it ia heyoml the limit of their 
mouth, .'viro* liave, indeeil. aiiapected, from the unifoniiity with 
which AiMln-w maiDtaiiia this posture, that he aaaumes it in 
onuK^xu-tuv of some iirirate article of treaty wiOi the master of 
th« warehoiise of Imming. who is siippostxl to have olsu rved his 
■Urketi when tlie acute visage of An<lr»w Pismire was 



of laiiptiaf>e 
tlwj victory 
upon tipt 



the apaaker still retaining hia poaition, " O 
if foola knew bow to Im< contented with it." 

•' Koolt, Sir 1" retorte<l P«t«>r, " and ■■<•! 
Mr. Orievance liotli a<<<>me«l Mpial insults 
enough to lie contented in the whole course o 
ia more. I never knew any one who waa." 

" What, my old friend, Mr. tirievani 
whirling his chair rt>iind ; tor, liy having uxt 
felt that ho had invulvisl his unwary op|M<noii 
of nitreat " It is no wnnder, my old friend 
the weather, with aa miicli ffannel aUiut your 
an tind«r-|>ettic<iat, were aiicii things woi 
ahauie, man, ease-hanlen your •yaleiii, aouati 
baaiii of c<iUI wator." 

" And when* am I to get one ?" said 
querulous voire ; " Or who would lie sucli 
whole t«sin of wat**r at once, till the ciinM 
Crawley Hpring is fairly auttled ? For my p 
mya<-lf the glaas of water 1 drink at dinnur." 

" Send to your lirewer, tlien, " said Pise 
get plenty of waU-r under the denomination t 

" There waa tiich a thing as two|ienn; 
endeavouring to hack out of the controversy, 
antagonist's iiro|K>sition ; " but the world g 
every day." 

" Putter and lietter, you mean," said Pii 

" 1 mean worse and worst*, by— " suid I' 
for the extra viignnce of an iisrertion so contm 
ere<-<l surpris«xl him into unusuiil iinimution o 

" Then I." said Andrew, '' assert thut I' 
asseverutioii) you. Petor Uriovunco, know not 
and tliat the world never went so well aa at t 
thut wo urt> talking uhout it." 

This l>roH<l Hssertion startleil the wh« 
lio-.ikseller, who was employed in poating his 
from bis three-footed throne with aonietbi 
and u sigh. Two men in great coats, who w« 
ikIiI aet of the " Farmers' Magazine," flc 
lairds, whose Martinmas rents had not y 
coming, retreate«l another. The verj- shop 
were commoved at tlie extravagance of Pisi 
and Peter Grievance, encouraged by the tiu 
uhole comiKiny in bis favour, buckled i 
attack it. 

" The world never want so well, say you 
did it ever go a<> ill before Y Have we not hni 
that can affect u \ eople aluioeil down on uk 
month — war, and rumour of war, scarcity o 
corn, scarcity of— everything but Imd weather 

With u ploHsant and complacent smili 
from his chimney-corner. " And with whii 
history, my dear friend," said he, in a 
intended to decoy his op]ionunt into some 
" would you oomiHire the present statu of the 

Peter, aware of the trap, and liuing, Ix 
ficient in bistorj', whenuis Andrew is known t 
man. replied, in general, " That no (lerioc 
which the amdition of Scotland was not lietti 

" You would not, however, include the 
early |i«riod, I siippoee," aaid Amlrew, " 
skins of l>easts, lived in the marshes, or in 
and iincemunteil stone*, when women hud hul: 
and men a community of wives, and when the 
the comforts of a cooil dinner unless when tl 



July 22, 181*9.] 



IJTKRATtKH 



Duiu.-iui, who wua ilirltml in liiii UmI |>y UU rouaiii <>f liUaiU ' 
Or ill tliul of hi* ■iicrKOiiir, wh»ii, ttu urx •Murml, Um Tlwu> •<( 
Vifn, itti iliviUxl t'luint !■• thu Ktiiu* UMo, luul « |« li I<m( 
lUwij^UMl t<> him for hlo •it|i|»'r, arwl «l»>ti ih" (ant niiitht/ Th^ur 

t'OniniUltlliMl HI) llttlx uporj.i thut h» WM fulll U< Kit" t>« Mhl l<mf 
u« uii wjiiiviiit'iit (nr Iraiisixirtiiia hiin ..n.r Um (nrry ai T*y, 
whilu lie Wat iiiukiii;^ hia wu-ulM (f.iin liut Ivr.tiit ■ (rraariMr > " 

Thtiru Witt ill I'lDiiiirx't urt;iiiiuiiit u sort >>f ^tf-iUtioii of 
niinuU inriiriiiiitioii lith iilat»l t<> mlilniiUlo \mttmr » hi'l.ir* tlwli 
t'litur, whii, tlioi»(<iri<, • onti'iiU^I liiniwK with rn|'lyii<K, " Umt Iw 
<li>l ii.>t rumi'ialHir u wi>r<l ••( th>' |«M'k loaf ur fnrrjr-lMml, >• lb" 
|>hiy W.ii iu'UmI ; hilt, rm iloiilit," h« ail4lMl, "ll* thtutrn luM 
h>li({ coiiawl til ho th* nihiMil of uaafiil inforiiitttiuii ." 

" You wouUI Hot, llum, " mkI AiMlrow, " ilui^itr tli» 
point of uoiniunitlvi' huppiiiitaii tliiriiitf tlir •uli<Na|ii»iit rntuna 
of th» Miili'oliiMt, tliu VVilliiiniD, uiiil tbi> Ali>i»niler«, r«ii;i>* 
of whiuli," hii luMnl, ■■ wi> know littin I " Thank ()..<l," 
iiiiittiirwl I'litur lM)tiru«in hi* ttn'thj an<l lliut litllo in^t t'l 
the priiio of thn tiiii«N, or tli* crfMdt of thu rountry 
Wo limy. liiihxMl, hnio hcanl thnt M.ilr.ilni Ciiiuiioik IimI 
hit eyn kiiooknl out and hi* llfo takxti in < oiimmiiu'Ihk l>y th« 
ohtoiiro *iiii«-iirhnl of a Northiinilinnn f<>rtrf*« thiit Willntio thu 
Lion wua nuii'a |>ri*oii€>t- in nii ill-iul\ iimhI attnt'k on hi* tni> 
|Hiwarful niMKhlHiiir—that Ah<xiin<l«r tli<' Thin) nmtruNl a yoiniK 
wifu uimI <liM( ill contoiiui'm I'.' 

"I know nothing •>{ uli tlii'mi folkx," naiil IVUir, " liiit I 
);rant you thny uiiiy hava I a<l iliHtrrsat* in thair tinit> na mi'II iu 
ir»i in our'»." 

" l>o»t (jiiiiit nil' lit«l){a-hog.'' rutorttnl Anilr«<w, in Kiiiy 
Ricbanl'a rrin " 'I'hiin. I «u|j|i<>!u<, yoii liavo phkii<<lyour fumy on 
tho ihiyt of Wallni-ii nml l*rui-t. ? " ( I'etar'a i>ya« kiiiiMo 1 ; hi> hnil 
hoanl of thii naniefi ami hoped thi>y iiiieht hrrnK him i;(vhI luu-kiiu; i 
" Well. th«n, di> you rhooiMi tha diiya of tho wi;;ht Walliirf. who 
lifter )>iiminc a f<^w chiirrlirt. towna, and vilUf;. a, nin*«u'rin;,' 
lonio tlioiiaand moll, and !<o forth, like all liaro«K. wan nt lan|:tli 
driven into tho wimmIn, livcil lik>< an outlaw, and dim) liki' A iiinlp- 
factor? Aro you pri<i>arod to provi- that that Wnlla.-.. of nhi>iii 
wo talk ao iniirh and know *o litth', win •« plfoit^ in dofnnia of 
hi* rountry with wholly nhortivc, und whoso only hiatoiinn in 
tliK aapiont and vonu'loiit Klind if arry, l>roiij;lit niii-h l<l>'*aini;a 
on a country aiili<lu»d and oiciipii'd l>y the fonuen •■ii)«niv di:rin^ 
tha briiif wnrfiir«> of alx>ut four ymr*. that you would ch-nngf 
your <|uii't und ix-arpfiil huiiipi about thi* atrt«<t« I'f Kilinhiirch. 
with full iM'rmisaion ti yiowl at ovcrythinu, from thu wnU'r* to 
tho scavrnRpr, for a slate of a<>rritu<U< under a foroiun yoke, 
varitnl by fierce insiirrertion and iin.iiiai'in^' liLxxlahed ' And for 
tho Bruce," said Andrew, pur.suinu his victory with uns| ariii^ 
triumph, " ho was a contonUd Knglish vassal for the bi'.-t |airt o( 
hi* life, and it was only tlu' accident of boromin^ a niurdeier that 
made him a patriot and a king. For his victory nt llanii. ckburii 
[ think we owe him our bast l>ou ; and yot uliat m^rt of a 
Scythian independence did hia con<|ueBt procure us. when, only 
three or four yoar.-i after, his Wst. if not his sole ox|«<dient. t-' 
dufend tho country he had liborateil a);ninst a new inroad of th" 
Rnglish, consistetf in laying it *o conipletaly wast<', that of live 
cattle there was lut a single hune bull to U> found K'tw.'.-n 
Berwick and Tranent 7 Bosido*, PetiT. I owe ijude Km;; Holett 
a gi'ud^e for his lUml. I'lulinminl, in which, for no Rfxd cause 
that soeiiis ti^ have been known to his cont<<m|M>rarios. he hiin;; a 
•aora or two of his nobility and crown vassals. Moreovar. I detect 
the manner of their warfare in thosf- days. What say yon to tie- 
courteous choice pro)>os«><i by tho goo<l f.^ird .lames of |ioii;;|.ia 
lietwocn the loss of tho right eye or the foiotinger of the ri;;ht 
hand to eivch poor devil of an Knglish archor who lania into 



" Fail ! " (Mai Vftm. tMgiMliim to afrtl. Mi actio* * 
hm •»» •••.-••iii|>«liia'i I'X awarwl vt tlw aMIMaaU 

"W>|l,' Mfl i'latnlX'. " >v«ry itm kb^wa ikal 1 

iii-rai ii,.«l<,r*la mall In •rfunwiti. I £!•• Wr l<ri««ai>«> U 
••t tho KfouiMl. ami |»tnl ./Ul a'ary bakl o| Uattla !•> biM. 
bn ratr««(< Ilka • raftliian I" tii<"l><> ma Mill liatiw 
lUaarta Inlofo Ih> luakra h«>*<i aitaiuH mB I muH • ■• 'I 
through ihi* waato aiMl <lu>f>n«'Ula> rscrluti. Iika U»> 
(MirMiiiiK itm ArtnM«|>iaii ll>r<><tch U^ wiUJi run a* i^> ■ 
llifxiith ilaNiaa alMl rtu Will lii.nt gtaw laallla. I'ct'r 
doltilitl lUya of Um tmc"tui ItrtMa. *b««) a Itatoltnl at 
riiUw iK.a>vofa>l IIm wbol* klti^L'tn • Wlvn ll«ilKl>.«Maai 
Wern fal(«l with lb« hlo'l ot .nir l«H alal b«a>**( 
iHi'l I i;< I hifiiaa^ll iiunta |.<>*oi>*r likf a f'->l. anit ranta 
a tyrant to br««k wiUi hia own t.,;al ImicI iKa bawU ul Oi 
aiibjmta wImi praaanl u|a.u him !.> wolouo*" bu ma< 
Wiml shall w« aay t<> iba l«laf ral(n o( i(.4a>r« Uk> tUn>tm 
tAin«n| on Ilia tlir.,iu> attuUl ll>« war* aUkch ha ha('«i •»! 
by the doubtful *llei;iar.<'a ..f th<i Karia -A l>o-H;la*. wl»/ 
»-<'iiwl as ofli'ii ttrntchs I t" uialeb b>m fr-im hit aval •>( 
aa to iniaiiitaiii him tli«.re ' Wlial .if Itot.in. abo.t.aj 
iianin from John t.. bri.ak an au,;<ir\. ai>l ("•■k nothm 
motion, hi* r>'t\tn lannu • aiwiaa at luraifti w*r •iwt • 
miaffirtuna, who ajta tli" mimi'- ahail-.* ••( a i%.aara«KT>. * 
hi* own K««kii»*a and tfui saraK* .>ml>it»>n <A hi* twot 
whoaa. M.n waa starv.ol to dawlli In a loyal f .rlraa*, ■ 
father en|oy«il tbn v;iin naiiu' of king ' 

"I i-otin- iiarf to i>tir .Iai:n'aa«,' rofiliniw^l Atxli 
■mine which Pal!n.| miafortuiw briila Jamax ttia Kir-al 
pleasf. Whs h r- formtr ,> rS'lnal oro. if two tb<'ia*a/ 
anbjax ta f>dl by tb" •<ve<Mit|oni r within tha f^l two T>a 
reign, inctuaive of bia I'oiiain. tha l><ike ..f Albwitv, th« 
•Mnntaitll und I.eniiot Kiigaywl in the {a.rib>-u (aak of y 
his haughty nobla* h>> felt a virtim to tha altr-tn|4. 
poinarleal to dentli ill n i-onimon aawar l>o you hk.' i 
of .lani' s II. I»'tter. when ho atal>)»'al hia ri<r*i tV 
l>oU;^'biB, with his own hiaiid . alan .*<r.,tlan>l wa* di> 
two |inrti<'« for thi' .Stuart* sihI l^oiiglaaaaw, anal only tii*^ 
of our ni'ighl>oiin) of Knglnnd. a* mralarsla •• our n\ 
them fr>>ni |>oun< ing ii|s>n ii* ian<l awaltowin,; lu up ' Jam. 
fjorl love him ' .i muatciaii. bias* ti « mark, an-l an a. 
built tina houae* and eastlea. gave omiairta (in tlta> rh<.: 
wit), and lo*t hit life h<faii*a> h« aiahaal to aaUl t<> bia 
■•stabliahnnnt. Hi* taata for the ancKty of arrhit. 
musician* woa t»rm<sl a partiality for fidalliTa an.) maaoD' 
me.ksiiri * (the a;;i> callml tliem aucii) wrn- at 6rat tria^l • 
mid fhe mob .if nobl.^i wrra C'ntetllml with lutnginf er, 
Hhoni he h.vl ^dx.nt hia |>rr*on. or who was •iitar to hi 
even s|>ari«l a |>ai:a who clung to hi* kni's*. Itait •■)><<« 
inca|>abU< of takini; waminij by their rhnfiw-y. »tmi r^i 
the study of till' line art*, tbey »'an atablaal him id a 
for an example to all royal amataura. Tha day* nf J* 
bail a faw gleam* of pri-Miwrity ; bat tba b«tUe of Flaalr 
war indisrrvetly undertaken. at><l a oiAlliot (nocbt w 
gliinlwv of military skill, extingiiiaheil tha> ihivalrrM^ 
and two-thinU of hia n.>bility. Tha reign of JaM*« V 
with minority ami all il* avils, and •axUil with b>«rt-l 
iniacamuge. In hi* youth tha poawaaion of the Kiite'i 
waa ronten<lpal for a* if it had lawn a aigi-at. a talia 
ninulet, or any other iinc.immon thing. I<> tha («>*••« 
which |>->war wa* attachtxi. H.' strugglval gallvntiv ac*i 
evil time when he g*innl ptviaanaion of hi* fr<«a{.>u. lait 
•ona by diaaasa-. ami diail of a broken heart en ao-otint 
unsucovaafiil war with Kngland. Th<-n caow llaory a lioo 



74 



LITERATURE. 



[Jul 



vkotti II •UniuUlMt (o kuthurisv, t)i« uiitouniltHl r«nouur i>f 
boaUlitjr. A mutd>TMi kill;; wmM aveiigw) l>y the loll;; iiii(iriM>n> 
■irut aixl mihtixiui'Ut rX>cutiuii of Uir Sorerai;:ii of Sc>itlitlit) by 
• vimiictiTv nr>l. 

"Jama* VI. ," muI An«tr«w, in CMntiniMtixii, " waa, iliirint; 
km nmAamtm in S>.x>Uaii<l, a f»ot(iall to Kt>rtuii«> anil to hit 
laoUoMa Dokiva, like hi* aiiOMtora bi<fon< him, aiitl with a aiiigle 
gma of aaara (iunt couKI itot liare <xoa|«<l Iviiic iiniit)«r»il on 
thm maajr oceaaitm* «h<-n h« fell into tlw c<M-roiv<< handi of bi» 
■ o bi—. Tb« ax^ijxita of liothwoll up>>ti hi* porvon, tho raitU of 
MMhrvu and of Stirling, tlx* (iowne otina|iirary, and many oth*r 
n>0** aiait havr k»|>t hit luiiMl in atirh a c<>n>taiit atatvof t<>rr>>r 
titait a bar* would haw a t>pttor tiini' of it in the noighltoarliotxl 
of a park of botiiuU." 

Thcra i'»t«r iiit<Tru|>t*>l Uie orator to make what th« ;;cntle- 
mmtk of thr faury rail a rally. Hut ae iniiat lU'oeaaariiy difvr Xhv 
tmat, (>f til* coav»raatioii to our next numl«r. 



flotes. 



Wi' an- ;;Ud t<« kf abli- to atato that Honice Walpole's i-opy 

of t.'beat*rficld'a Miarvlliuit.>oii« >Vork», in two largo ijuarto 

\oluiiH«, aomv arouuut of ahioh waa given in the culiimii* of 

l.tUraltrr lavt Kfbniary, haa lieen Hiijuirwl for the nation by the 

tr.i>t«<« of th<' Kritiali Miuwiim. It ia a tuitisfactiun to know 

tiMt tbt-ap vojiiiiu-a, which, it will Im: r<'niemb«re<l, are enrii'he«l 

with a numlwr of very inten-atiiig note* by Horiuo Wal|>ole in 

Ilia own handwriting, iiave fniiiid a |wnnunciit honio in thiw 

luunlry, instead of beiii); idiippe<l ariuM tlio Atlantic, ua ban 

kiaan the t-aae with ao many winiilar treaaun-a of late y<iiiri<. The 

value of thaaa note* of Walpole'a, which have Ix.'en printoal by 

the I'hilobiblon Society, ia fully recognized in the IMctiunary of 

National Kiogra]>}iy, wher« they arc soveral timoa (]iiutc-<l und 

n'fi»rT«<l U<. 

♦ • ♦ « 

It waa a favourite occu|tation of Hoi-iue AValjioIe towaiilii 
the rloae of hia life to g<i throuf:h liiii buoka, pen in hand, mid to 
jot down on their margiua. or on any utiier available aiwce. 
(aometiroe* l^twet-n the lineN of the t<!Xt) critical or exj)liiimtory 
iiotea, aiich a« lie •u|i|.li<-<l U' o-itain ]>oitionB of hia own corro- 
apon<l«n<v. He wan eapecially fond of utteniptin^ ideiitifi<-ations 
of the |H<o|>le n-ferre»l to, and he occaniomilly takes tlie oppoi-tunity 
of ind'il^ring in highly entertaining )MTSotialiti<'«, riu-h uit thoxe 
«>n " the dull, formal, rnmantic braggadochio," Sir Paul 
Methueii, which were <j'iot«l in the account referred to alM)Ve. 
Sc'Veral of Wal|<ole°* book* thua annotat4-<l Were in the [>oU4'«8iuii 
of the lat<- Alexander Dyce, and now foira |iait ot tlie Dyce- 
Korater O'llection at the South Kenaington M-iaeum. 
« « • « 

M. '"lart^ie'* c<>mp*ri«oni at the dram.ttic <-.'iiririvn<T the 
othiT night atthe Lyc^-um.lx-twi-en tin- "grand tragiqiie," Shake- 
ap>-ar>-. ami the " grand comi(|ue," Moliire, wen- in a pleaaantly 
impartial vein. Kach, aa he aaid, ha<1 two xidea, the one 
iiatintial, the utlier liritaillv human. Shakei<|))-«re'K iiHtirnal side 
waa axi-n specially in tin- historic plays which were purely 
Rngliah, juat aa the satin- of Molier» u|>oii the manners of the 
time of lx>iii« XIV. was pun-ly French. Molii^ro waa attache<l to 
the Court "f VeranillMi and hail to Ix- more direful, in many 
way*, tI>ao the demorratir Shak(«i><-are. Ix>uis, for instance, 
woiild have taken it ill if Molii-n- had talked of Alexander's 
clay stopping a hole to kwp the wind awny. M. Clan-tie ipiotod 
a ■•ying of th«- gn-at John KeinVile.who wa» vaunting once, in the 
Ofinnanv «>f Kn-nchmt-ri. thi* HiiiM-rioritv of Shaki-aiM-an- fivi*r 



aaid M. Cluretie, ** the oaae of • man who 
street. Some of the s)M>rtators say ' U m 
say • I'imtwrile ! ' The former an> the <fi°<iMi<ifii 
latt«r the ithtriviiUiiri < uin i<^ iir«. " Hut Molii 
more tlinii the ordinary n^urmifnir- i-u»iii/i(r, 
there waa often, aa Chateuubrinnd naw, ai 
nujestio aadneaa of Shake«|K>nn>. The scenes b 
iVlimeiie in /x MiKii>Oiiiii>r \uu\ a g<KH{ deal i 
BC<-iH>a li«tw'e<'n Othello and Desdemona. Kala 
Were ai*ii ounparttd by M. I'latetio, who re* 
which each Ktinia up bis view of honour. H\» < 
the wonieu of Shakespeare and the women 
think, iiion< epigrammatic than sound, Sh 
he said, were made to be a4lmire«l, Moli 
As to tlifl charge that the genius of the K 
never fully appreciate the mysterious and 
of Shakespeare, .M. Olaratie |viiiite<l out 
writers, such an l>o Mussot and Tlit'<>|>liila 
sniallar ilegre* these same <|ualitiea. 

• • • 

On the IHth of March, 18C4, Tliackeia; 
perBe<l by auction at I'lilitco <ii-(H.-n, Kunsiiig 
Collector's |>oint of view the most attriictive i 
was lot TO, a copy of Pickens' " Cliristnuis 
prosented by the author to his brother-novi 
the following autograph inscription : " W. it 
Charles Dickons (whom he made very happ 
from home). Seventeenth Decemliur, 184:i.' 
this volume itttiiinod the moilost suui of £2{> 1 
liclieviMl that the C^iiuen waa the purchaser, al 
entailaiiiing a strong desire to |M>Bsess the lit 
tile two most notable romancers of her r«ign \ 
associate*!, had given an unlimito<l commissi 
might lie secured for her private library, 
to the statoiiieiit in the anonymous biogruph 
Dickens : the Stary of his Life," issueil by I 
tiiu novelist's decease, and it gained luldition 
Furster, who quoted the statement in his own 
p. 407). Finally, the I>a>lij A'nrii the other 
of an article on the Viieun's appreciation of I 

Her Majesty's continued interest in 
alleged to have lioen shown by her purcham 
autograph at Thackeray's sale. 

• ♦ • 

Tlie fate of the hook is somewiiut obsi 
seem that the belief that the t^ueeii purchaj 
Tlie biit^iry of it, so far as it can Im- traced, 
sent u» by Mr. F. <i. Kitton, who snyn that 
of the authorities at Windsor, who uniloitooV 

While the matter waa undergoing invent 
u footnote in a later issue (library cKlition i ( 
where the author jMiiiitwl out that after tin 
st.itement (quoted from Hotten), ho Wii 
Humpus, a London bookseller, that hi 
iKHik " for a |>rivate gentleman,' and i 
.America." Imagine my siiiprisc, then 
(sul'Sei|iient to tins discovery) an authoritai 
a prominent official at Windsor CaHtle tha 
the V"'*i» '" library at Osliome '. Irann-<1 
this startling infomintion. I commiinicnt 
of the Household (Lieut. -Colonel Sir t 
who promptly replied that, after a careful 
could not lie found at Osborne, nor could i 
at Windsor or Balmoral. 

• » • 

Further inquirii* in likely quarters ell 
after iMasins: thrnuch the hands of Mr. liiimi 



July 2'_', 1899.] 



IJTKKATIKH 



for i,"2fi KM. at liia xulu, fortim a touctiiiii{ wiuvofiir <•( tlia«« !«■> 
Kroat uiitlii>r«." 

It<)|i|liw urnrn t<i Ih< iulilr«'UH'<l to " H <i I. ," '-atf •>( • liriii 
of aoliritorn in l.iiiri.lii'a mil, iwiil iif Ihia •lill-r»iitiiii; liriii I 
vetitiil'wl to iiii|iiiiii if tlmv woiilil (iirworil n l<itl«r from nis t>> 
their niiOliyiiioiKi ili 'nt, tfrnir itttiriiiAtivs riij'ly iiiilii<'itit( ni-> to 
Ixilinvi' tliiit I Him ut K<iii;tli "11 t)in ri^'lit track. TIik ruoilt. 
ttlnii! priivi'il t'> Ut l«iia ^TutifviiiK than I nnli<'i|uit« I. " " *' I' " 
irifoi'iiuiil III)' timt tlio iMiok liM hail aiM'iirnl at tli' >a!-< ••! 
Thikckxray 'm lihrarv in IH(U mii« xoIiI l>y him in Ko or Kl (.••>n 
Ami'riruii (or i'lT. H'hn miiil th.tt hn »a< taking it l>arl| 
to AiiDiririt. " .My |iiir<'liii«i' i>( t)ii< U>.>k, ' aih|i«l my 
t:orri<ii|ionih'nt, *' una iiiiMiliintal t »a« ill ut thn tinim 
iinil witiittHt it litth< ■otiviMiir of Thnrknray .My iMM.kn-'llnr 
had not lent tiio u c ■\>y of thn i atiiloRiO', hut toM im. thi'rx 
WHN a coiiy iif tli« ' < 'liriatiiiaa Carol,' anil I (linxt"*) hitu (•. 
hiiy it for mn hd Iik wa* altt'mliiit; th» aulo. It tiini>»l i)!!! to 
he a |>i'«auntiitioii mpy from Itickcna to i'liarkfruy, Kith an 
intoroatinu iii>crii<tion. I ilo not aaMXii to liav« ki'pt any r»>'or>l 
of tliu liitniK or itililri'aa of tlio );nnth>ninii who i>iirrhitji<Ml thn 
ImhiIc of nil", itnil lannot, I four, In'lp you furtnor " SlioiiM 
thiiao lini'M i;r<«'t thn i'V« uf th« (ortiinato ownnr of till* iini<pi>' 
ropy of th«< "I'arol.' I triiit he uill r<'Vnnl liia iili<i>tit\, nn^l 
uiiiiri' na of thn aafi>ty of tlint prorimia ri'lir of t»" ;;r<vit iikii. 

• • • • 
Mr. Kittoii kiliU : — 

With n>fori>ni'<> to tImt portion of iho ina.-riptifn whirh 
records that Thinki'ray ciiiimil l>ii-ki'ii.i to t>o " viTy huppy 
oni'o, II Km)! wuy from Iionix," Korator avi'rt tImt tlii' aoiirri* 
of tliitt liiii>pin(iH.H lay in aom» voraoi hy thn itiitlior of " \ anity 
Fair," which vxiy miii'h ntft'ctoii hi^ hrotliur-iiovrliat wliilu 
ikbrnail. This. I Vfiiturc to aiip(;<>«t, i« iiii error, for in H. H. 
Shi>phtirir« cai-ofiilly •oinpihxl hiblioj;iBpliy of TlmokiTiiy no 
innntion in niiiiln of vitson iinih<r thi< ilnt" to whirh thxy wnuM 
pro|Hirly In-lonn viz., IWJ, In Man-h of that year. ho«..viir, 
thtire ai>|x>ai'<xl in /•'ki.o-i 'i M<iiiii:i»r nii urticln hy Thaikontv 
entitled " Diekcnx in Krnnce," ilnn'rihin;; u komewlnit 
f^rotONipio udiiptation, in French, of " Nicholas Nicklnhy." aa 
jHirforiniHl iit thi> Ainbif^ii-Comiipio Thnitro in I'liria nn<I 
witnoa.Miil by tho writer ; in the ooiirse of hi* iimuiiiiL' com- 
niontary on tlio pliiv, Tlmckoray nmdo .lOine ph'SaiiiL; iilliiaiona 
to DicKonn, who, it will he reiiienihoriMl, waa then " a lone 
way froiQ homu," that i* to nay, in tho I'nitod State* of 
America. It wn.s iindoiihto<Uy thia article uhencn Dickena 
derived ao imicli j;ratitication, and which originiitvd the 
parvnthotical jMirtion of tho inacription. 

• » • • 

Tho literary nnd artiatic contonta of " The flook of Monifioth 
Golf Links Hnxaar " (Diiiido«> : John Lon>; and t'o. i an- of 
» hifjhiy attractive and interoatini; character. In addition to 
valuahle coiitrilmtion.s dealing; with ^olf and kindreil topii-a, 
there ore, as tho o<litor ohsorvoa in tho preface, " aon^a, ix>ciiia- 
and articles from the ]«<na of ,'iff»^i>i(>-"i,< oiitaide tho |>aIo of 
Rolfdom." Poetry is well iepre»oiit«l. Mr. .Vndrew I.aiii; in 
" A Soup of Patents " tolls of the IurkU'.ss " thrwi pair o' 
patent shiine " which he has " for ^'owtin' in," hut which •• •if 
a Inxly nnco' fa"» " ; and alludes in liniiu>ri>ii«ly ."nirca«tic terms 
tc varioua coif clulw of patent d«>eii:i.s : 

The iiaiiio I cannii niter 

()' mv hriiw new |mteiit nntter. 

ror the iiiinie it is derivit friie the (!ri>«''> ; 
Hut I cmna hoK- n ha' otl' it, 
In faith I hii'e a sinw of it. 

Hnt no to use a patent wad U> we.ik. 

A 'in my-'tel' the sole »ur> Ivor 
O' tho last now patent driver. 

For it split and kilhil my |mirtMers on the ijrefn ; 
And a splinter view my caddie 
(.\ weody's .son, the laddie !). 

Hut a iMitent is the siclit for the sair evne. 






I^verikrd •.'.•"<■.- '^ Uf Wi » 

M I' aid xlticr |»w(Mal iloiut ' 
c<rtilclli<;tU'(>* iru'liflo asioral akrl. 

• I.«illi>til •rtl<''i> >»' " '•••11 at ^ St>i:n-mt ii. i,.j ^t- <W>t.l 
hy thn HlrV J, !• VitiotM'fi a !<a|«» -'< " 'iO'f It. I 
%n ll.ailh." t.y IH Tif<n|''vma<^ >l. «»-».i.l ••• ■ 

• •If l'a<t aial I'lowxit ly Mr k J IOmVmdm. 

' Mi*t..ry of Iruh «MI. ly Mr H J Mw^r^fl 
.1. •iftC.Trt«ii>in„- ■• Ki«j«i...tr l.jr Mr l» •• Mi 

" it«lallil»'«lirr* III <ioll I 'hamfH .t9akl|M i Mr 

ftllt"M , and aotBfftt itb»t lritn>*>tilij| >>tl Lr« *>..| t«{>^< 
U.-ik !• I«>iiilt(ii!!y llhiatralanl \ii».t,|| (hx i.h.al-ali-4.« a 
origii.tl draainii* hy " tyntr-a. ' ai.l a oa|/«lal |>>«1r> 
.\ J llalfiiitr, a ho i* to i<|aiii |li<i )«ja«r 

• • • • 

It >l»> •timpriMr* II alt«>tiip( I . sti^w I •(<> 

' Whetv-n •atii" the (arti) " i»|ili.' in • •'.! • M; Irauk I 
hia " (>inill»l I'hapti'r* m tJto lli«(>»r '•( M'4iin<r<ti i 
c.ntrihnlaa l.> ' The IU>..k of M..n.rH>tb lioil I,ii>k* I 
^ ollera all itiijenioua a« ••dl aa hixbU aoxuiij •<|4«imI^ 
ti<nn TlH<re «aa, he aaya, a < ii|<ln<. .,f ■■ Ka>U<Ui. ^ 
nieiit at .Monitifth at •mn lim«. till l!>« o».nka ••( f 
dia|>iia»'*a<'<l the < 'iiid"<'« of Ih'-ir litwl' aivl >n*>l« IL. 
a<'rvants (>Tie day it .>..urT«»l l" a nxxik. ahiU l^« ih 
of i;olf, to make th<' Kalad-ti •arri hia < I'da Mr I 
I ontriliiite ;;r><ally to hia r>>inf'<rt " Th» plan ■>• »iUi 
the r<-at >if the m<inka, atul hei>. "f-rtfa ttwy rwncr w 
without Ihoii'^ a<'> ■>iii|aiiio'<i hy their Kelnitn >'•>« i.jij 
colitiniie.4 Mr ILivd. " that in Uwm,- |«rl< llw |<a>ti'«< 
short wonla in which the Inller ' I ' la immI A aal 
iiuitanci', never a«y« • lialgray.' it la alwaya • IWigrw 
was natural that in loiirao of time the ' I ' ahotihl dmp . 
name ' Keledei.' ami it ahonhl cinto |.i aournl liko ' .^ 
and to this day thia i* how the worrl la |iri it* xtn. i^ lr« a 
S<<ittiah youths In th" atri>OK Korfarahirw ipman.lar 

hoWe\er, hroailelKsl out Ui ' tatldo' All thta. of ,< 

nii're iiiniiini; Hut. a* a matti-r "f l^-t. Itw ■>ri,;in of i 
" caildie ' do*vs not ap|x>ar to iufn vvvr fwti aAiuf 
explain-')!. Jamieaon. who deiinea ..wlie aa otiv who 
livelihood hy riinnint; erramla. iladixirinK nii— jin. aikl 
eX|o<aa<>a the opinion tliat tii» tt-nn aaa oriijinally lh« aa 
the French ruirt, whK'h, aa hn rumarka, i* ••^Dstinwo 
denote a yoiini; iM<r«>it in general. Iir. .Murray, in hi* 
work, hidds the aalne view ; hut h<>w th« wonl < uix 
employisl to denote the tall who i^arri-a .> player a golf ,i 
still to Im< eXpUined. 

• • • a 

'•Since liata of Ihx.ka. " write* :% corr**|i>4Mlifit. " arr tl 
of the day. some one might do worse ih^n dr.<* up » lid 
liest llundri-<l Novela llluatratli.t; Hiatory. Th* hiat^ri. 
of novel* la now *o wide that tlwt coin|4lrr wottbl »■( b: 
ditlicnlty in atdi-rtint; a huiMirml. We might arrang* owi 
centurita— aay thnni hooka lor each of Ibv nin*t*«<a 
C'hriati.kn Kra. (>r, again, Ih* arrangenw^nt might iv hy 
.say a coiiraa< for I nirvrul llittory, a ri.iirwr for Ku 
course for lireat Hritain. The rwnll, .>f txMirti-. might 
leniling to .1 serious >tiident of history. iWil a w«ll'«a>l«< 
ii>ii;ht at least Kive a picture of inanrxTa. ami tlip ('hriali 
hy no means e\hausta the p>ia*ihiliti** The (^|4taii ' 
Tno Hrothers ' would iltuatrat4' 4 tolvnhly <>ttrl} prrimt. 
there is I>r (Jeorge K1"T*. to say n->thint: of th«- K 
efforts of Mr. Hidrr MagkjanI . whilst .<t lha> othrr oM 
scale Hulwer I.ytton, Mr Samuel Hutler. Mr l;<lw*ni H 
Mr William Morria, and the atill artire Mr. H (i. Wall 



76 



LITERATURE. 



[Julv 



Twlftll Contunr 
Kxunanitk 

S«V*tlU<riith ., 
kUKhtr<rnth 



' Th* Taliuixan. 



I^t 



Kiviiii.' 

(^tMiittii I>urar«H,' ' KomoU, 

o( tlxt lUntna.' 
Tlio Mi>t>»»u>rjr,' 'Towwr nf Loiiilon,' 
' Kf>iiil«»rt«,' ' WiotMnnl Ho,' 
anti • Jurtith Shakcupfun- . ' 
' KorliiiiM of Niptil.' •|*.'Ti«ril n( tho 
IV-iU(.' -oM M.>rt«lity.' 
l-l*in«n<1.' • \V«r,.rl<-v.' ' Rob Kov.' 
Haul >'f MulloOiuu).' ' Itorothv 
Korstrr,' ° T>w ChupUiD of tii« 
Klr^t." Thf Nirgiitikiii.' • Tl>o 
Spy. Ac 

TVn thwN- aix> th« vpiH'ial |<i>rinil*,*tu-)i aa Ui<> KrtMuh Itovolntion 
umI tJ>« Na|vlroiii>- Wnrt, illuiitr«U<H n>or»> i>r 1«*» luridly l.y 
• Ninrty-thri*.' • A T«U' nf Two Citivs,' ' Tli« Coum-ript,' ami 
' War and l'r*c».' 



'• SonM <Uy »«• »]uill immI a ("hair of NovrU. Tho »ulij<!ct 
ii ^rowini; too large for chancp cl>a|>tera in th« Hittorie* of 
I.iUratur*. Mr. H. t'ourthupf Bowcit luta i|pTot«d a liook to h 
iiirr* (iMcriptivs caUloguv of historical novoU, ami ooiild pro- 
)«bl]r writ* a wbolt* sliaaf of voluni** conoeminj; tbcm. Mr. 
AcXatxl, too, ban timwn up « very iweful list of tlio kiixl in his 
' Uuid* to the Choice of itooks ' ; whih>, anioiif^t otiirr writt'Ts, 
Profsaaor MaMon haa att«nipt«d a claMiifiratiun of novels from 
tit* point of view, nut of the pericU they dual with, but of th<< 
•reoaa aiM] ntannor of life thry dvpii-i. Hen-, a{{iiin, is ii larf;« 
field olTerinf; plenty of scope for n priite coinp<-tition. Imleod, 
when «a tiiiok for a nioiix-nt of tlw n-markalile cire and know- 
ledge ■howii in the detail and IcchI colour of some novels, it 
bfiomre pvid«nt that soom* day tiie novil may b« studitHl and 
-linifrH. for serious purposes, as rloeely as any other collection 
of huaian lore. WtMtnever tike I*rof<-aaor of Novoln appears, he 
will have no lack of work ; nor yet, one may (iredict, will >>o fail 
of interested audiences." 

• • « » 

On* mt^od of compiling a list of the " hundred U-st 
books " does not )«em to have octumsl to thooe who have 
t'zarciaed their ingenuity u[/oii the nolection. ^Vhat were the 
faTonrite liooks of the world's famous men ? A complete list 
would mirely ivpar the labours of the bibliophile. Dr. •lohnson 
waa a great acimirer of '• I.jtdy Marj- Wortley Montagu's 
Letters." and also of Martin's '• Wtwtom Islen of S<-otland," 
which ImI him to project his own celebratMl tour. Though he 
hat«<l to read books through, he coufosae<l he wished the 
" Pilgrim's IVogress " wen- longer. " Tho History of the 
Valiant Knight Tirant le HIanc ' ' was the favourite of Cervantes, 
and no doubt partly inspir«l him in the composition of *' Don 
t^isote." Benjamin Franklin snid that " Plutarch's Lives," 
" Defoe's Rsaays," and a book entitled "Kasays to do Good '' were 
his favourites. Oasian was the favourite of two men who certainly 
differed very moch in all other respects— Najioleon and Pr. Parr. 
Tho latter wrote :-" I read Onsian when a l>oy, and was 
•■naMoarrvl with it. ^Vllen at college I again re.id Ossian with 
iaeraaaed delight. I now, although convinced of the imponture, 
find pUasure in r«a<)ing Maci>hers4>n." Hmlibras was beloved 
of Dr. Blair, who r«a<l it through once every year. 

• • • • 
Chaucer's favourite author was Ariiitotle. Horace was tho 

faronrito of the well-known Abbe B.irthi1rmy .who waa sei7x-<l with 
timth whiU reading him. fk>sau<'t's reply to a perxon who found 
hia praparing one of bis oratioiu is characterittic: -"lalwayt liave 



Allan Ramsay's " Gentle Shepherd," and Burj 
Comets." The last, he said, caused him to 
Heaven aiMl a now earth, the stars in horror, hi 
llamea." Burns gave inMferunoe to the livei 
Hannibal. The latter, he said, "gave uiy y 
turn, that I used tu strut in raptures up a 
recruiting drum an<l bagpijM', aud wish uiyaalf 
a soldier ; while the story of Wallace |Miure<l a 
into my veins, which will boil along there til 

life shut in etem:il rest." 

• • • 

The " C-onfesaions " of Itoussenu was the : 

Hiiilitt who hss relute<1 in one of his essays I 

hu durive<l ut an early ago from reading it. S« 

Tub " was the cherished work of CobU'tt, who 

threepenci- at a liookstall, and in conie<|Uen<'0 ' 

supper. He Ix'^an reading it one diiy in Y 

road on until it iMvania dark, when ho went t( 

of a haystack. The birds awoka him next 

reoomnieiiced his reading. The ganlenor at 

obtained employment, lent him some iKwks on 

could not relish th>-ni after tho " Tale of a 

i-arritd alnxit with him till he lout it when he 

in the Hay uf Kundy. llol>art Bloomtield, the ' 

I ikeil Thomson's " Seasons " l)est, as did also. lol 

Kichelieu most admirml Barclay's " Argonis.' 

great favourite with the ix>et Cow|>er, who dc 

most amusing work he had ever read, aii4 wot 

TacitiM. 

« « • 

Lord Byron's great favourites w<re Burt< 
Melancholy," Disraeli's "Illustrations of Liti 
and .Scott's novels. Pojie tolla us " Don Q 
favourite of Lord Orford. He advisod Row* 
and tho latter, thinking an appointment in tha 
him, did so. His lonlship on Itearing thi 
envy you the pleasure of reading ' Don Quixot< 
languagu." Lonl Cliancellor Hardwicke, it is hi 
l>e Thou's history that he actually resigned the 
read it at his leisure. The book loves of miui) 
have l)een transmitt4-<l to us. Alexander the Oi 
Antoninus Carocalla, Oppian, whose father he i 
for his son's sake ; Henry VIII. the " De Civi 
Boleyn " The Parable of tlio Wickod Mammon 
l>cth Demosthenes' Orations ; Catliarine uf H 
of Abel " ; Charles I. suburdiuatod all to » lov 
Tiif!/lh yight was the play hu a<lmire<l most 
its title to MalvulU). 

♦ • * 

The death of Mr. William Duncan Latt4 

" Tammas Bu<lkin,' the author of the Bo<lki 

gap in Scotch writers. Mr. Latto followisl o>i 

l.y Dr. D. M. Moir ("DelU") in his "Ml 

whii^'h 1 amnios Bodkin actually figurcii as Mi 

But his work was not simply a copy of Muir's. 

Scots humour of his own. His language wh 

" braid .Scots,'' imd might have served as 

writers of the Kailyard School, whose Scotch i 

from iKsing alwve rc'i>roach. The Botlkin 

originally in the Dundee PropU'» Journal, of 

wiis editor for thirty-eight years. A first seria 

liook fonii in lKr>6, and a second in 1884. 

circulation ; as also another H«'li«'tion publiHl 

Latto produced a volume of " Song Sermons,' 

I 1 1 



July '22, 1899.] 



LITKKATIIRK. 



literary cuiitre mmiiiih to httvu Imwii at Kouttwixl, irlM^r* havti 
ilwnit or nojoiiniiHl prMttii likn Mr Witlmin Watwiii, Mr Htoptien 
I'hillipn, Hir Kdwin Arnold, uml Mr li It Sima, |>hil<>«<'|<h«Tr» 
iikti Mr. riMilKiiii Ktiriiuhnii. mtica likn Mr Aalmroft N'll'io, 
iiovolinta likii Mr tdilan-t lliii'lmnaii, luiil a i^fwt tra»xller In 
tho |>«)r»oii .if Mr Kilwunl Mliyinpir. Their work, )i<iwnvnr, 
ilo«M not a Hhow u miltiiimit iiiiiiiImt i>( (Ktinla of rrHnnliUtxa to 
allow of tlioir Im'Iiik Iiiii>|«<I to(;«tl»tr »• tlix " Soiittuintl M'Ii<m>I " 
Utliiir |nirt« of tlii< roiiiitv havn I <«ii letter r»|irin«iitml in the 
|MtNt. Saiiiuiil t'liri'liaa, thu aiitlior of " I'tircliaa Mi« i'il|,'rim«a," 
waa an K«m<x man : Strypu wroto liia " AnnaU of tlii> iUfunna* 
tioii " at I.tiyton ; John (ioMor owimhI UimI at Wij^lHirouKlt . 
Williuiii Morria wan lM>rn i>l Waltliaiiialoa . Itanirl l>e|o« »a> 
|iro|iri(itor of tlii< lirnk anil till' work* lU Tilliury , tl^'un 
Mnrivali' wrotn lui " llmtory of tli« Itoiuaiia umlnr Lli» Kiii|<ir>t 
tut viviir of Lawfoi'il ; anil lliiilio|> SIiiIiIm «aji at ou« liiiii< vuar 
»( Navimtork. It m a cuwil lint, ami Mr •laukaon nt«'<l not li«v« 
triiMl to iiii|)i'o.'i< It liy ilrajjuiii^' in Mr. Slanli-y \Vi>ynmii on tli" 
({I'Oiiiiil that liK " liiaki'fi Kraiicin t'luililn a|i|iroaoli l.oixloii hy 
ail Khkiix roatl," or Miim Hraililon on the ^roiintl tliat aits " la 
lailievotl to lukV* ikoti'hiKl Wi<alil Hall for .\iiillciy Tonrt in livr 
fmnoiia " Knily Atiilloya Stxiet." 

• • • • 

Till' author of to-ihiy aa Ur calla ovit hia catitlogiir of 
p°invaiirnN alioiilil rnnipnii' hia lot with that of hia fdloK-artiKt 
laiforo thn ihiyn of printini:. Tho imTi'iit hookiiiakrr i» in 
Iwiter I'ano than thi' firmt claxaica of anti<|iiity. Tht> workn 
of Plato ar« aaiil to havi' furiiiiili<'<l th<' lurlicat iii«taiit-<' of 
lit«irnrv piracv, for hia pupil, HiTiiKHlorua, iNTaiix' a iKxtkaa-lliT, 
nnd oxti'iiiltil their aalc into Sit-ily without the roiiaciit 
of thi'ir author. But tho ropyiiifc' rh rk wna thi' pnat ivil 
umW whii'h Iit4'rnturi< aufl't-nil. Strain roinplaimsl thjit moat 
of tho hooks on wili' nt Alrxaiiilriii wrri' haatily ropiiil for tln' 
piirf>o«t*a of nail', ami the tmna.'riUri at tino* intrnduoil niatt< r 
which the aiithora iiovt-r it'iimil i.r., litirary iiiiu. At Itonif. tho 
Inisiniiis of tiookm'llors who oinployril profi»B<il ai'riUa U'l-anio a 
vory inij>ortant ono. Thoir bIio|>« wiTo roaort<'<l to hy men of 
lottora, and Ih rami' tho chiff sourc.'i of lit«rary information, an- 
iiounci'Uioiitii of !»'» worka la'in(» ron»t»ntly ixliihit'tl l-.th within 
ami without, and thoy took ^Toat tan' to finiiro tln' I'orri ctiii-aa 
of tho inanusoripta, fnsiuontly oiiiployinR tho authora thomaolvo* 
to oxaniino and i'Om]iaro tho ropioa mado from thoir own prixliii- 
tiona. Hut tho Koiiinn )i<M>kRollora orif^inntiil tho punhaao of 
tho co|>yrif;ht. nnd douhthaa tiny drovo hard haryaiiia with the 
authora of tho day. The losa roputahle momlera of tho irsdo. 
too, forpod tho imprinta of tho grentor liriiia U|>oii imperfoi-t 
and ill-written lopios. At a later iiriol. of courao. monka 
hooanio transcriliora, an oniployinent for wliirh thoy woro 
ominontly tittoil. Thoy wen ulao booksollera. hut tho proiita diil 

not go to tho aiithora. 

» « • • 

In Kngland, owing to the acaroity of material on which 
to writo and the iloatniction of ontiro lilrariea hy tho Danoa. 
hooks ovon in early Norman timoa wore o'.fromoly rare, and 
works realized priooa that would evin aatoniah a tiKah rn 
liibliomaniac. Tho Homilioa of the VonomMe Hoilo ami tho 
Panlter of St. Auatin wor.- sold in 1174 hy tho monka of I'or- 
ohostor Ahliey to tho Prior of St. Swithin'a. Winohoator. fi>r twolvo 
measnroa of harley and a splendid pall omlroidrrod in ailvor with 
A representation of St. Hirinus convertinp aSnxon Kin^: .Some- 
what later John of Mnon's Honianrc of tlio Koao waa ^old in 
Paris for £36- a hirgo ."Uin in those doya. .\ cortiin Countoaa of 
Anjou nhout the sivnio time gave for tho Homilioa of the Hiahop 
of Halh. rstadt "ilK) shoop. t'lvo quarters of wheat, anil tho same 



t«iar« Tl>«n tK* uumt |>rutul>U Ivaarti • f ti^a irwW ,f 

laiMlliiK of t««ba, whlrh •■re .oaawh i rwl •" Talual'U t>i«l 
»■■ taken lilt tKntr isfa i«<arn I>iuit \l •tc«-fi(a>l 
alivn im U/trMWwl tti* worlia f>( lth«*«* t>u> Aral »#> |J 
My tho tima fiT'uUltg Waa IbTettta-t, i> arrar Bf *t t 
lowiia hail tti^ir tiOolkwl|a«« 

• • • • 

U llh ttio analgia atr«'|4ian of lllr.>>ar<l .!« Ihtr) r>o f 
lioob-collarV'T h|[itira •4, ia^Kriy in )<l<l.«y aa Pair* 
Ktolianl •!• Ilury • aii'tuiU lie ha* himaait laft a f»c/<-l 
rcfarlail mt Iha rlsaatrof lltUiotnania Fat<«feh • rWla 
(•ratilmlv nf |o«tatil)r •■ ■ |.tra«>r«vr ami r^.tU^Uw -4 >a> 
iKil raceivrti (ha rac<j|;nitt«t> in l)>u rovntry atiwh t>»y 
.■^♦■rnli ynara ayo M pMWT-- ilr Nolfia, j^jt lt»»i«>l m 
nahauatitn «ol<inia aiititl*! - PHrafio* a( ! iriman»ti« 
nil aaaai •!« trratllutloti 'la •• l>lt,||('(l,«>|,i« «ta>l it lav 
littla rurioiii that l>iia tni|<<tAnt t^iok h>< altra^^atl 
atti'iition lu Kii)(laivl To U.» •tiaUnt «f Patrarrh • 
tinuia It ■• of tlia hl^-haat iin|4>tt«ni « \li '»:,■>. pHrw 
inurh alx'iit hi* tKaika. aixl tti' i'lr«<<iia« f ><-.k c>'!U« ' 
taak of ro'ial'ilitatiiig hn lilirary i« ona of irr««t 'lift ', 
art> told that " ha ha<l f-'miarl tlia hal'it nf trvmlltnf » 
of maniiampta in a loni,- • avali-xla. ' ahU-h la • j/rn. | 
and hia l^xika wi-ra in««|rtrali|a. I'«it it m<>-,l I h«»i. )•■« 
iiiorp iiitarfwting to know iTtrtly what tt.«»»» >«laa c^ 
Potrarrh livixl in an atmoaphom nf Uioita. aivt )ia'lka«l|a 
at .\ripi.i. ■■ alone in hia lil*ary," on a fii :ti>a*^ nl,-h 
tivo and a ipiart'r rontiirioa ai;" 

• • • • 
Miaa CaniilU .Irbh, whoai- httar oti '■ ' iiW*«- t«-'l 

iania " Wo puhliaho<l ill l.tlrr-tl'-ir .liin« 17, t '.a* 'e>in 
out a niriiiii* lit.rary i-oinridan. a ; 

In that |»'piilar unil int" rr*ting work ' V P'.t: . 1 
hy Klh'ii Tliorni'Ti Toft Foalrr. »#• iinil ""i' H''C*"r i<- 
thna •'Xpn-xaint; hinia»lf nn (lu- auhj^-rt of mamatr" 
inrrciuea a woman a aocioJ micoaaa, btit im|«ir* « inai 
tliooiy la liiat all Kninoii ahotild inarry. aial Do nm . 
udiiiirahlo idea, alvl thi> oiil\ •'(■■•'•-tloii (« It lira 
diffioulty of Working it out.' Tlwre i« a remark 
w'nihlaiH'.- horo lo tho vii-wa •■f Hug • H..h'iTi in I 
on<-e fanioiia iioval " l^itiiair. ' "I rra^'Mt Xitr tn«i 
whioh I* a<liDilting ■onu^hini; in t)>r«a cW<a . anri 
always tliuught tliat omry woman ahouUl nuarry. ani i» 
" It liiakoa a woihaii ami it inara a iitoii, yuu tbiok 
I.othair •• Put I do not o)ia--t!y *»• h-iw vo ;r tioi 
work out prai til-ally." aaid IWrtnam. ' Wefl, n.jr ti 
aiM-ial prohloni." aald Hugo, "ami »> i«l Jvohlar.)* 
faahion at pn-^'iit."' 



The death of M rherhuliei crt^t** a ro'viv-r 
Cotiiliiitt<'e of iho Krench Ai-ademy charp"! with t)i» cot? 
of tho Academy l>n-lionary. An int«r««tine »rT».tmt 
procoi'clinga of tliat <'ommitta«, which ha« ao long haati 
of liiiinouriata, la given in the R-ho 4* I'ltrxt, wb*r« «• Tr 

Till' *'ommitto«> ronamta of aix mrmnvr'a, ami nawt 
» M'k 

.\t each mnting M. Gaaton iloiaetar call* u 
hrtitluT .Vcudomirinna t" rawd out th*- dt-finitji tia wh 
liavo nndortaken to dms up. The ro«<lins Attni-, M 
adjotinia to a doak on whii-h an old l.itlrr la King H< 
few worda with l.ittre'a dohnitiona, ami aak« wtt.. wdlm 
to i<>m|i<i!M> a now dotinitnm 

.\» a nilo. •'•oh mcnih4>r of the ('ommitt-'«' tr;« to 
duty on to aotno oil" oIm) M. tii-ranl drrnw* attant • - 
lonipetomv of M Hrunrto-rp . M Mmirraia inaiat« vlr 
on tho coinp«<t.>n»'o of M I.a«i<Un 

When tile wonia have hven aaaignnl, ami the im^:i 
the iHiiiit of suljoiiniing. aoniai one timidiy |»o|)( 
adoption of a now wonl. There i« a 'tortn a nutitvX 



re 



LITERATURE. 



[Jul 



Don Atldon ito Pu. luu U«at*il hi* «ul>j«ot much in tho Mtiio 
«>«-«< Herxlrr. iSuisot. BuckU. kihI Uter hi*toriaii«. grouping in 
c«cli ctta|(er lh« in*iii •|«inga ri vrwjr »t^g* o{ (ha oi>«>ar<l inov»- 
■MOt of th» natioa. (rooi Uto (mil of Ui« ItoniAii Kiii|iir>' down U> 
tlM dafiuiliTv (orntalion ot tbo unity ot tlio kini^iom iintlfr Vvt- 
dinuMl aiMl iMilwIla aftvr tlio <-m|>turt< of (iranatU. Altion liu Paa 
i» DO* g9n9T\Mtt in l)i« i'iuipt<>r* in whioli ha ili«oI« « ilh the |x><)r 
Hpaoith Jp»». Uu- Taii<|ui«h«i) Mi<ali-n>». ihr hpratic* ami ht-taro- 
ilox a(;itat*>r* that mirrv »•• i-nH>lly irmtmi \>y the mwliavKl nilor* 
<4 S|win ; Uit lif> civaa pxcwMliDiily in^aivatinf; lUta i-onoaming 
a ton much ncglntMl faature of S|<ai)i»h hi*tory--the <.'ommona 
nf ihr |<vi>iD*ula. ihr tomn* aiMi third mtat<- of tlia rnalm who 
haiv a* plap»hr-r« in Kun>|ii> diowml inolinations (or t(*lf-);ov(>rn- 
mant. Thi* ultn-<.'atholu- writer has |«>inte<l out aiiic<>n>ly how 
tba growth ol aiK-h tMulfni-ira waa atnnt4<<l \<y church ami alwoluta 
monarrhr, l>r psacp'ratatl Iniparialicni at home and aliroa<l, 
foraahadowinc thr dn-ay of Sjianiah |ict>«pi>rity that l>agan oven 
in tha lalmy «laTa of tli<> houar of Austria. 

• " • ♦ ♦ 

Thr first voluntp of the collaction of Arabic inreatigations 
that aoma laarnctl prt>fassors of Siianiah rniroraitipa are iaauing 
is a curious rr|iroduction of the vorsoa of Put-y Mon^-on in which 
hr ralatra his pilgrintage to Mecca in tha tisteonth cvnturj-. 
IHmi Mariano dv I'ano liaa aildetl notos an<l explanation! which 
illoatrate the quaint old text which was fortunately ditcorerod 
in tha Tillage of Almoimcid a few years ago with a numlier of 
Arahic manuscripts and old Castilian and Latin MSS. 

• • • • 

As to fiction, the historical novel seams to lie much 
in rogue in Sjiain just now. Don Uenito Perer. Oaldos 
has added another volume. Mendiilial. to his thini series 
of national episodes. In the first volunio of the aeries, 
"Zumalacarrcpii," the scen<> lay in North .S|tain during the 
fir*t Carlist war around the striking figttre of the Carlist chief of 
that nauM-. In tin- second volume the author has protipe<l his 
principal paraonagea in Madrid around the great Minister and 
Raformar. Mendisalial. who )iy a stroke of the |>en suppressed the 
religious orders of Iwth sexes and di8est«l>li8he<l their property 
and that of the Church of 8iiain in his great struggle in defence 
of the rights of Queen Isal>«lla II. against the first Pretender. 
Don Carlos V. The plot of this historical novel is merely a pre- 
text for depicting the |Ki|iticaI. a4lministrstive, and social hahits 
of the Spanish capital in the thirties of the present century. 

• • » ♦ 
Dramatic writing is not usiinlly includo<l in the curriculum 

of the Western educational system. A Dresden |>a]M>r, however, 
antMUDcea that prir.es are lx>ing offered by local schooliiiasteni 
for the b««t dramas »ritt4-ii by their pupils. No promises of 
"• pmdiictioo " of any of the plays thus siibiiiittetl are held out 
to intending comfietitnrs. .Vrcordinslv. if the promoters of the 
schema- hojie to liring tr« light a new .<liakes|>««re. they will prr»- 
lahiy iind it nao-ssary to modify the rules at pres«nt deteriiiim d 
I'pon. 

• ♦ ♦ • 

1^1 Vt„,t4r is now the lit4Tar)- organ ;«ii- r^rUfner of the 
rising Parisian ganenttion. Ooatsioiially a »eteran of forty may 
contribut<- an article to its pngos. Hut the art mid dramatic 
criticisms simI tha raview* ure for tha most [wrt all in the hands 
of the ywiiigj-st of " b-a jeiiiies. ■ Translations of Dc ynincey. 
\'x MamI Schwoli. hate l*en ap|4«ring lately in La Vogur. 

• • • ■ • ■ 

Next .Satnnlay Me««r». .'<<.theby will dis|>o«e of another com- 
pleta aat of the Kelntscott Pre«i piitilications. This will make 
tha thinI to appaar this year, ami it is said that S4-Tera1 more nets 
■rill be hrooght to tha liammer when the new season ii|>oris in 



|>a|>tfr atlitions of these two liooks -as we showe 
list of prioaa for the Kelmaoott publications 
and £08 lUs. at Sotheby's on July 7th. Some 
full set of all the vellum printtHl books— with 
the Chauoar was offered by the I'rosa at abt 
that, at (irusant prices, a set on |M|>er is worl 
auction, it would, from a commercial jxiiiit ol 
handsomuly to jiavu iKiught the rullum copiiK w 
majority, but not all, of tha Kulmscott ll'l<>k^ 

vallum as well as on paiMir. 

• » • 

The summer cataloguos issued by Messrs 
.'<trarid, an- very comprehensive, and contain, i 
notable it4<ms, » fine series of the older illustm 
At the head of these stands an original cojiy 
(t((n('niux f^Iition of La Fontaine's " Conte 
vers " with its splendid illustrations and exct 
work was issued with eighty plates by Risen, 
portrait by Rigault, and soma exijuisite vigne< 
by Choffanl. Other fine lM>oks incluiied in t 
the " ThMtre " of Conieille. with original in 
jilates after Urnvolot, Iter(|uin's *' Idylles, " 
plati-s after Marillior, and the " Mus^o Naiio 
vtilin, a sumptuous work containing engraving 
the i^aintings and sculptures collected by the 
his numerous campaigns. 

• * ♦ 

Among the many fine old plays and Tu 
literature included in the catalogue recently 
.Maggs, of Churoh-atruet, Pa<ldington, is a 
Court Comedies " of John Lyly, previously [ 
quartos, but gathorfvl together after the au 
]>rint«*<l in one volume by Klount in 1032. U 
duction descrilios the author of the plays as " 
of that time, witie, coroicall, faoetioiuly quicke 
Lyly is cro<lite<l with having wTittcn the pli 
securing recognition at Court. Certainly aftei 
was up|<oint«d Vice-Master of the St. Pa 
Companies of Child Actors, and the plays 
Court, whore Lyly 'a " Euphues " was then i 
liook. The " child actors " must, however, 1 
deal of them extremely tedious works. As the 
— " Endymion," " Campaspe," " Midas," A 
fouDde<l upon classic themes. Charles Lamb ii 
of English Dramatic Poets " gives a chnract 
one of the liest of thorn in the delightful little i 
" Sapho and Phao^J 

JforciGn Xcttci 

— ♦ — 

BU LO ARI A. 

The earliest recortls of Kulgariaii epic po 
eleventli i-entary, although Simoon, who 
ChriKtiuniutioti of the people, is supposed ti 
the first efforts of native literature during hi 
some faint trace.* are to lie found of old s 
ecclesiastical relic* unci chronicles, handed (! 
tiiiioK. rnfortuiiutoly, the endeavour of tho CI 
all pa^aii i'UHt<ims mid lioliefs from the minds 
resulted in the almost total loss of the most pr 
and written lore. Hut the Uulgarians have pros 
fables and mythology, oft4-n ho]ietessly invc 
bleiido<l with, the tenets of Christianity. This 
is most apparent in festal " Obreda's," " Kole 



July 2-2, 1899.] 



I.ITKKATIKK. 



or Krul ill lliil({itriuii |><i|itilBr iiiimm'Ii. M<Hl>irii liliTraliiiM i> 
written Willi lli« iiih< of uii i>l|iliiilMtt ri'iU'iiiliiiii^ m • Imiiiatu al 
KiilNiHii mill n V(M-ul>iiluiy liuH-May lMit«tM>ii Kuwinii ami 
Si'rviiiti, liiit till' viixl iimim ii> |io|>iilnr liti'ttttiii«. ■ •■iii|>>*.^| ,i| 
itviir flirty ilill'i<r<'iil iliuli<rlii, rimlitiiia, witliul, •> wKulthof aoii^ 
not iiiiirli iiifiirior to lliut iif S^irviu ; uiiil mIiii li, il not |i<i>a«a«ii,|> 
till) Hniiiii (^Tiini mill I irliiiumi of i-oloiiriii;;, n iixviirtliiJK** 
riiiiiui kitlilii for niKijKil |Miwrr, ori^iiiitlily, ami it t>'ia« IimuuIv 
triilli of iix|iri'iiiiii>ii. 

Hlll^uriitli ItUitntte'im liuvu |iriiici|i.illy ilirin !•' I lluni ctt'iil*, 
with iiiiich HiicuiiHii, to tli« rolliM'liiiii of till! iiiiwrilti'ii |hmiIi\ of 
tlinir mill, iti lii){iiiiilii itiiil i-iintoiii* of mi mIiIim Horlil In tin* 
tliiiir lalioiirn liiivii <>iit»i'it;lii'il llii< Stirvimi mitlim riHurit \><ar«. 
iiii|Mti:iiilly III Miirdiloiiiii, h limx folkloriHln ami otlur* Iidvk ImuihI 
n )iii|<|iy liiintiiiK-K'''>i'i>'l 'or ({Ii'iiiiiiik hi tlm ori);iiii>l <li.t|i''t« 

tllO tullW, NOII|{M, .lllll llllllltll uf 11 |M<4>||||< mollll.ll (lOMI tll« i'I\iI|<iih| 

world. Niitivii .irlioliiia lay rluiiii tu tin' i >i.it<'iiro of Kpir non^a 
of piirii (|uiility ill nil «iirlii<r ilute tlniii tin' ikiiohhimI f.>lk ,^y,,n 
of tliK l(iil){iiriiiiii<, iiicliiilin); till' KivK ili'ri>-<'liililri'ii juuI tin' 
writm of liitroir Ikilliiili r(>ooiintiiiu tlii> ofton fiiluiluiii <loiii|;ii of 
tlui fniiioiiK linro Marko Krul jut criT Kml (tlii< Kin^'n Sini I'Imh 
Htnt«iii<iiit in i<ii|i|iort»<l in u work liy lliiiini-ii \<iii l.ii'lit<'ii»ti'iii, 
who witM w'lit to lliil^iirm on u puhtiiMl niiiixioii in l.'>-i4 
(iiirlncli iiJHO ii'liiti't, in i% hook nf hix trnvi<lii m lliil>'iiriii. 
Iiiililiiil:«<l in Ifi74, lio» hi' fri«|ti<'ntly lioani tlio |M'iiimiitrv mn^inu 
of tlio hran' iIi-oiIh of thn rhiiiiipion M iloi (Huh,-, who killnl 
Siiltiin Miiniil lit thii haltlu of Kon.ioMiimiIju. iiihI of Miirko 
Kralji'vio. Mo aiiio viMitixl tho niiiiM of ii ciiHth' at I'ir.it, in 
uhinli thiiHii hi'rocii »urt< sitiil to liavo (Ihi'U. 

Tho pKHlui'tion of epic (HM'try, mniiotiiium iinprtiHiivf from it.i 
Ninipio Ktrin^th imd linly iiiiB)'i'r.v, hiiIIiiik forth from llio 
hnartH of thi'Hi' rudlic iHi|)iiliitioii>i, in pioluilily an liiijji' ami tariml 
now uH in tho pawl, lint llm piirost xiipply of ui'iiiiiiin iiiiiiiitr«liiv 
floWH over in mi alitiniliint Htri'niii fmni tin- w ihl riTi'iisi'i. of tlm 
remote nioiiiiti>ins anil (oroMt», untoiirlnil liv tho i-oiilitioii.-> of 
miHlnrii life, iini lii'cki'il hy the . ultine of <n ili/.ntion Aim nj; 
the llnlkun riicMN nutioiinlity is entulilinlitHl liy a "oiii;. nml th" 
hirthplace of n .linger i.s tiac-eil in the iliiile< t Miletn-. the 
l<n!(;»rian rritn- ami hirtoriiin of literiture, reniarki-<t : 

'I'he Slav.M are iinlverMilly priii'iHl tor their .In'eitiil 

teni|mraiiieiit ami love of xon^' OiieMry ilii|Hiilant oi lainon 

and at oiu II fextive >;atl)erin)j lip to the pieM'iil tune tliey have 

.s|>«cial lH)enis nml the lialhnlit of their iiatne minstnU, win. h 

heighten tho mirth (;'*''">! eiijoyment to the ;;iip^t.i 'I'Iiiih rim 

hi^n Npiriti< rine ami enti'rtainim'nt tlow So miiHt it have 

licen, tlion, wmn the Slavs were one iiiute<l family 

Tho Htoiy of Marko Krnljevic iti told in lOiintlexH le^endu .iiiil 

jKiemii, in whieh the heroic- ligure ol the clianip'on of the 

opprocseil [Kxiplen in ){lorilie<l with n halo of leuemlarr fanlaAV 

He iM tho ]><<r^oni^n'ntion of the Rtru^c'e'" of hin time, the |mrtly 

imngiiiative creation of a fallen nation, the onilMxlimeiit of a 

proud nml niifor^;otten ynxi No sho|ihor(l m>r •■ raja " i ouhl 

easily l>e found of Slnvonn- origin who lias not heaul the iiaiiic of 

Marko No village throughout this legion exists in whieli the 

Siirhinn or lliiluariaii idiom is the inotlur tonjiue, where on hiijli 

holidays tho tiiiiiieroii.s non^s, tniintin;; the sn|M>rliiiiiinn foatn of 

the hero ami his eelehrated war hor»e. Sarar, are not Kiini;. 

accompanied hy the twnngtti;; tonoH of tho " gii«la. " \kri<><l. at 

intorvaU. hy the rhythmic tread of the daiioom in the '■ horo ' or 

" kolo," and the olaah of liraxeli cymhalii It may iiiilHco to ndil 

that nearly all tho ruiiin of former stronuliolds atill extant from 

Prilep (Marko N'aros) in Miieedonia, tin- reputed liirthplaee of 

Marko, to I'lO'div (l'liilip|>o|M>lis) IxNir to-day lim te<louhtali|e 

name, and to ^i\o a few adeetioiiK from the (Mipular Iil«ratiin> 

dealinir with the neriiMl of tho Turkish mviLsion Heroic oootrv 



|OMiii|{ aitli • ImihI of yoMi.i; l>o>>»*, •h.oa f<:tt \,.\i U.jk 

fr*itn 111* •l»'.-.«l lit) fB(Mr«| \\tm tlv^llltral »«^l» , XijKrH c«ff ^ 

t*> llto |«U>«. oltrfs bis m '(her lic«!<<l llw ■•■ui,<U ■'. 
Maik'f llMfii airi ll»« «i«|{U frr«- THa ri.^tn^i^Hi bai^ 

fi'li if'l' Ull'l*, altnln lie full dl l|o \»f A-tmU !•• I<r« 

dxptli of o i;in,>l f<ifv«t, >ufl*>ii.( lliB t«>lK(ul li*<*. |,> l<<< 
lii'>l>d„'i- for Ihron iMot.lh* Im> I*; l)>a»« n.sLU ( 
\ ■iltiir''*. iS'ay ami hlork, «p|i«i>*ctK»l !•• ivtol t).o a*ir.' 
and l<> |ir«;k 'lUl hi> vjc*. Ilul ll>o oiKkIo I» I-*«1 •••xI 

U|> 111 til" •ky. ••« lhl« , iltol'lMllg fliilU Dm li,s>*t<l.> 

III u li I'Artli, 111' ilr<>>t> ••>) (liti iitliur«x, •(••I l<t> hoi I <t t 
draiii^ht of •■..m.\ mmU-t in l.i> Uak Tt.« i'r ■.<• t^A I 
h".i<r '••■'I 111.' l> .Iniik my lih^.l • U ill |f. •. taiks n.^ 
Kill Iha ••^l>' aiiaaxrwi reii riifullt . ' I r>'ii«s (ft I « II 
Miy lii'iii liiiillii't, Imi( 111 liel,. Ilito in lu'a i.««»l, U'lih-I 1. 
tliatilii.liv Thou haat latr*! iih> Ife- •>" •—. ■■ '.t 
lotK'.tl n til" ^"A dnil. I.ul I h*«< 1. 

A «4in(; frwiii I'Mlnp IB I lit i. .u« " V tii *4 i •■ . ■ 'ii t 
\ tikaoiii with hi< "Ol. Iiuilt a liii^iiilu-ai.t ■ I.iikK A ('<•! 
• M'i'iiiri'd I • • I'lelitati' thi' r>ini|>l> It .1. I b" |*l< lai I. ai- I ^ 
the |«i|a'«, lliT'.e« atld lutlia CallM' frmn (ai In f.%\. \i^ (r.< 

the I eriniony ol lil-««iii^ Ih.- •'liiiirli iLo^u^li tti|;aUd I 
f'li tliiik' dnyn with finnl and aiiir, I'.nrtii^ ■li.th lu— 
kin'.'a and littii^ lH'4<tnl i.( ll.Kii |r«|.> 111 ■•' ^larL., ■..« 
" Von ail' all ^iv\\. hitm*. no il ,iil.|. I ni I l.ati lo 
than my fiithai li. Miatli ll.i- Kin^- liu a !•• kill I >i i 

.Muik'i ID t-Hi iioIiIk (.1 .ItiiH hia asotil a^aii.al I. la airt 
refuse III the I'liiiri'h Vukaain atrikiM tli>' rh'«»l A- . 
hlaile, wlieme hlood ll'in* tiiirit' uloualt , It hf hik* ••■«. 
aichaiit^i'l Tho i%ii;;era toio' Batna lli» Kiic ol 
iiiiKfurtuiie. Ilia raatliii and tonera ao'ild fall, ami 1; 
islilici' III' had jiiat C'lnatriK ti-^l, ailh hia Im-u. «, uI'I 
Hlniidin;; no lon;{i'i than the tiieaof l"ur rni ti 11. la oi. 
that of " Siiltan Siilimaii, ' ami of ' lUii Kiilatic ajel \ 
hail , arcoidin^ to the rhroiiiilra, aoimi fouinlalion ii. 
Another example la ahoiti, in " Marko. Ihi- Cnatl )4aii< 
the Tliirt\ lleroia ' The i hieflain la aaatr*) al hia r<-<nit 
tended hy hia mother He dearriUa h iw ha> trartvl I < 
inmiKililon' from tie- rlntche* of Uii. ••■rrarraa, lei ■) 
Were held caplite in l.ir raath- Tlta- aitrl. |a<Twl«a 
terrible aMonl of the iniriilnirahli' I'tiih*'. '■ T),* \ 
Solun ' m inteieatiiii; an a ti-atimony to ilr old iiatr 
of lairyin^ olf a l>riil". )ireforBlily in t)i« inoiom;;. at>l la 
on Sunday. The d.imaad la niiirh diatreaaval. refuaii,^ Im>*. 
:ind nine, not. M-t'iiiin^ly, on nc oimt of th<' alatieli' n 
iHcuriiii'e liiit l»'< aiiai' tie" i hanipnin i xm iil-«l hia d, 
iiiKlit. a |v>rteiit of future ealamily. I'Im* fuioha of tl " 
are not oii<rlookid aa in " The l>>'a«^i<4i of HoUn;« 
" .Maiko ami the Aialiiaii Itirl.' 

.An iiiti'ri'Ktiii^ ruiupilatioii t>f |nvm*, talea, ami <l<ai ii| 
native I iiatoma, ret I*"*! bt AthjtnaaT MieiT. ap|>«r«al im>< ; 
Tina ttork may Im< f\iiii|i<irisl in roniplntaiivaa to ib« «<< 
I'olhetion of V'irkovii', aliieh conlaiiia tho retK>mn«'«l '• a 
ttomeii ' of the Miil)<arian» of Maia-ilonin. hut < v xaU a 
piililiratioim in the iiiinil«r of ritual piiH-<>». " (>l>r<<la i 
" Koliilu'l." u.a Wvll oa otlM>r fealitv lall»la, tiM-llMleaj 
pa^es. H I'. Slavejkotl. IIm- lir»l iiotiiMe lliili^jtrian ver 
nioilnin tune*, printral hia voliinia of |v«>iea. ' ILdptraki I 
at Si. I'eter«l>ure in IWki. and a Kiiaaian author |r«»l 
iiiiiiiler of ltul|;ariaii lyric ooii^. in aiMition tn tavli 
|<ooma. at aliout the nam* date, uixler the ti||)< of - Ik 
liariMini |a-«iii i |>a«lotirl ' Il4it tlx- earlio*! ap|«-«'*i c> 
literature. Iicfore the world of culture. wa« in ll>«< al ai"- • 
Ivric ixM'iiia in the c^'IrSiatKl aail^ctlon ol .S'rl.ian i»«^ 



80 



LITERATURE. 



[Jul; 



TtM moi4 enmptvlMmiw litarwy uii<Wrtakin|> of thv day in 
tKw 6*M o( in«v«tig«Uati mast hr rr«>liwd to tWr tint in n|; rlTorta 
t>( Or. !*•■ SuBMUtoff umW who— iHrvrtitin that iiionmitrnttitl 
woril, " Th» Shnmik," haa bam eompilari, witl> th« iinanrial aid 
<4 iJla Mini«tr}r of Iiwtxirtioii. After proloiii^itl Uhoiir aad 
cwmImI raaaMtrh. thi* rxkaitiniw acoimuUtion of iiativa littraturv 
and f*lk-lon> hjtr Xfvn |>uhiiklmi in tb<> orif'inal <linli<<-ta with 
niBule pr««tiion. Thrra arv f^<tin<i« for thf l>clie(, n«<»««rthale»ii. 
tlukl tiu* r]rr)t>|>«-dia of Hul|tarian folk-txrc lta« lH<<>n dmntructwt 
with nxhrr ob)nrtji nf ■ natutnal am) |<i>litical natiin-, rathar 
thaa to ha<|tM«tk a bihliok>i;irai lofnu'V U> \wttTi\y. 

\rt titf in^tiM>nni; ••( ihv fniita thf Kn>»-th of cvnturira tnuat 
vTaraiai a f<ol»nt inlltimi>'<- on tha nwxJrm dt-v»lopniPnt of 
!> ■ > ' " ■ « I fvodih-lion. whirh othwraiap woulil tw larjp Ijr fli<|>en<l<>nt 
on htrwtgn lilivaiurr. f«ntailinf; parhapa th<> <iltiniat<> tU<%y an<{ 
obUviod of iiMiifrnx-iia iitattiratitm. 

Thf |>nuant a<.nj;, " Marfalinka ami th» ■iHiiJHK&nr " 

<•■ Marfplinka polava ilpvojkii, in.m. (Mxlaj mi iia kone vodica, ix 

tvo^ala |n>h<*U rarira " Marfelinka. roy pretty maid, jfivp a 

draiijfht of CO..I aatwr to ray homp with thy little whit* hand) 

aod •• t»jle poro «4<-na, uto i>i pi>ro povrhnala, {>ovehnalu, 

poahahnala • " (Why art thou bliirhtad, U mountain grvan, 

wit h arid am) dria<l up > ) are typical of rurtic ditties. The 

•ollowinjf rxtratn froni thv ballad of Ui<> battle of Plevim may 

"«T» t« ahow that the herx>ir apj in jHH-try it not dead, and thut 

the voire of Oallioi>f> (tilt rinfra in th<> firanay uplandn and Bombrv 

♦«r»at» of the Ktlkan* a» in the day* of old. 

•• The Mattle of Plevna " 

Heavily Itan):* the fop over the wide expanse of 

Ple'^na. while tJie annw-liakKi are falling <|iiirkly. on the holy 

day of Peter. No Klonn wind can blow it away. But vender, 

on tk<- hill, Ktanils tlie hvr<> Oimau Paaha, who lowlly nivea 

coaiinaiMl. ■• AaMiuble hen-, lOine hither all you liiiglvn to 

•ound the rally on your uietal triiro|>etii. Let tliem hurry, lot 

them muster all my mnsaes." The yellow w«r horns blare 

afar with braxen rlaiiffor. ami the troops SHarm densely in. 

Auain the voice of Osinan loudly i-rifss, •• Hasten, hurry to the 

forrat, wIkto grow the a|>plu trees. Cut the iH-anches.' Uriii^ 

iImbi hither to build a field work and eiitrenchmonts." They 

heave atxl (ell ; tliey dig aixl heap up the ilefeiiies. Once more. 

from the knoll, the hero Osmaii givoH the order, " Now st.md 

ii|i all, that I may count the enclosed troops." Most carefully 

he tells the fonxw, but one corpe is missiiif;. Thou, mother, 

liaton to me. Nowhere could theee troojia be foand : they were 

bariad to the last man in tlte snow. Hut the hero Usman 

Paaha lowlly Rivet command u|,on tlie hill. •• Vou, my 

t-aptains. form up i-very column." When the army was unite'l 

it marche<l aii<1 spn-ad forth to the bonlers of the l^'even Ki\ers 

and found the missin;: le-^'ion on the plain. ListL-n, mother, 

liat<-n to Bte. Th«'y wer>' buriail deep in the snow. Kiiaiwavks 

lfnr.<-ii to their I acks. riHes clin;riiig to tiieir nakeil shoulders, 

and the f<iotKc«r of tlie Itonnians adhermi frozen to tlieir feet. 

Lo'wily rinjs the voice of the hero ()smun Panha, hi>;h on the 

bill abo»r, •' Let eat-h detachment master smartly and cut 

down lii*-woo<l in plenty to lieip un camp tires till thev blare. 

Than the kDa|iaacka will lie 1o<«»umI. then the ritlea will relax, 

aod tlie alioea will now unfriH-ie." Mist is fulling, mist is 

lying low on Plevnai v»»t eximnie ; but i>erhai)s it is not foji 

vhich r«ills so <hu-kly and so lowering,'. Mother, listen to tha 

thunder ; it is the cannons' distant roar, and yonder clouils 

are Imt their smoke. .Mother, see, the earth is'i|imking from 

vibrations ot ihu gans. i>*eply rounds the voice of f)Mnan, 

tiiat (haupion on Um knoll above, " Come here all, coma 

•|uickly fouiKl me, all you faithful, valiant soldiers. Tlie 

Kiisa:aiis are preaiing on in masses, and will s<Hin hold I'leviia 

Iti our place. «hir >tores are gone, no brea*! is left, and the 

rartridge t>elt« are empty, while only ottr fei;7.ea now remain to 

ckitba us. Hfiiig to me a new lauiner of green uml red. Then 

biad to ti>e stall my white haiKlkurchief. far we onist lay doam 



onlered, '* Thou must depoao tliT amis, O 
we iiliall take Over thy i-oaainand."l<iNteii do 
All tile comely maidens lied ami soon disper? 
what a giving up is tiiat of the cJiamuion Un 
the w hula heroit' host Kta)°wl )H*hind aave ( 
ho was 'tlie •• Miiohir." They carri»<1 hira 
Not till the chief was gone, poor ago<l moth 
force succumb. 

i*rcif. Kraiii: Mikloaich gava it as his opini<n 
the Aca<leiiiy of Vienna and also in his piiblii 
many of the Hiilgarian liallads and legends wer 
or imitations of the Servian heroic ejMM-h. Tlli^ 
by more rec«'nt reaeart-h ; still, the literature < 
is so nearly related that they are obliged to 
fniita in common. Hut time alone will )>rt 
exist in the Hnlgarian nati<m of creating a 
lettres " in addition t« the here<litary muse of 



THOMAS PENNAN 

mio mere antiquary is not always an 
dusty, long-wind««d, cantankerous, reaily to bla 
the sha{)e of u button or tlie site of a battle 
bucks of fiction. Thomas Pennant, thoi 
antiquary, was ii very diffennt l>eing. Ho ma 
defwts of the antiqiiHriaii iiunlity because he 
than H mere iintitjiiary. The author <>f th( 
Rnglish works on , WMilogy, the lionour«l (K) 
gie<it Linnicus, the antu;:oni8t on one occsi 
took rank in the inmost circle of Ruro]ie< 
delichtfiil " Literary Life." jinblished short 
at an advanced n;;p, he tells how at the age < 
of Francis Willoughhy's " ChTiJth<dopy '' din 
to natural history, and how a t<iur in Corn 
at OxfonI, pave him " a strong jiassion 
fossils '' : he was soon a member of the lear 
men like Sir .losejih Banks wen> quick to rec 
" My mind was always in a progressive stt 
simply of himself ; '• it could ne\-er stagnate." 

As a man of pood birth ami a large li 
Wales, he prided himself on performing pi 
duties of a country gentleman ; he loved to t 
to share what he called ' ' the comiuiiiy of my c 
the gay world." He coiikl turn from the inv. 
'' concha anomia, sent free by Bishop Pom 
the " account of two new aiiecies of tortoim 
the Boyal Society," to " the lively c^iuveraati 
fair," and could even be betrayed into oilea 
full of Pantheons of heathen divinities. It w 
tiiat Pennant visitc<l tlia Continant. Fr<mi S 
Arras he rtnlu " at-roaa the great forest to Chi 
thence to the capital, where he whs entertai 
bratad naturalist Le Comt«^ da HiiD'on. " It v 
that they fell a-sparring, when, in his British 

Made a comnariaon lietwoen the frecib 

and our great anu religious countryman, Mr 

iulvantape of the latter. The subject waj 

ridiculous to have Ihh'H noticed— but such ' 

that in the first volume of his " Histo 

f Hsoaiix " lie fell on me most unmercifully, 

without reason. 

This pother alioiit a mole proroked a reply fi 

he [ irwpa r ed an index to the works of Biiffon— 

finally thus, " Our blows wen< light, and I hi 



July 22, 1899.] 



IJTKHATLRH 



I' lion liii rntiirn, hn awiinii to likva tm-omti mnr* intcraattMt in 
iilitiqilitioi, unil lilt iM>r>n t«(;uli hi* |>«rii«ll'-nl tuim, l<> whirh 
nntl<|iiuri<'ii uro •<> much imlntrtml In all lil> t<>iir* ho kirct • 
rariidll diary, uiiil invtmlj(;nti«l miirh that ha* now |ia*aMl awajr 
Hn ulwitya riMlti on hi'nwlitti'k. ilinlttiniHK ('><> < >>»il<>'t >•( • 
c'lirriiiKD. " I r<>iiiii<li<r th^ dlmnliilx r«i|;'ii»tlan n( ■•»«'■ | araon 
til thi< luxury '>( a rurriatt* to forlxHlo a vnry ahort ititarvat 
lii'twi'iin thiit uiiil till' vi<hiul« whiih ia to < miirry u« to our litat 
Kt»|;ti." Kvun without n riirria|.'« tut liiul » narrow •'••d|M> at 
Kiii-kin|,'hiiiii in JT7)I «t "a ili<at)i auil«l U> an •■tM|itary " 
" I viaiti'il till' iilil rliurch iit H ii'cl<M-k in tli« nioriiinit •>( 
MkK'h 'J*l ; it (kII Imforii tl in th> altotmxin, aiitl I 
i<»ra|><i<l Ixiitix liiirii'il ill It' tuina " Mia wtivity anmfiK th' 
riiilia uf till' pual iiiiiat liuvi' nioili' liia iiutiii' i|iiita a hvworil 
Ainung th« rouiitry ^nitry of thi< north ; Im telU an amuaini; 
ittory of Ilia tirat I'ni-oiiiitcrini; Mr Hiiti hiiiaon of Hariii>i<l 
('••tlo : " .Mouiit4<il on tlu' f»inoua «toni<a in the •hun-hyaril of 
Ponrith, to takn u neuror vi«w of tlu'in, iin<l lum wlmthur tli« 
ilruwin^' I liml luoeurtMl, ilonr liy thu Ili'V I>o.tor 'I'imI. hwl tlw 
leaat fouiulation of truth." hi' wna u>i-o«t>'<l l>y " a |H'raoii o( 
^ixmI ti|i|a'nraiio<'," who lookrfl tip at him anil aaiil, " What tiio' 
work Mr. IVnnant huil muuIk with tlioai> atonra 

I Ruw h)< hail ii»t iiilii a horrihif aiT<i|M', an, unwilling t > 
iiiakii liiul worai', 1 iliHOfniUil, laiil liolil of hia l>utton. ami told 
biiii " I wiia tlin iiiun " Aftrr hit ronfuaion waa I'Vui. I 
mudii n ahort ilrfanii', aliook hini l>y thr liaml, nml »•' Ui ann- 
trom that moinunt faat frirnila. 

Pennant wamloriHl luippily yuar hy yrar in Scollnnil. run 
to tlio ffr-otr fidliriiliia. liko hia fiinioii.i ronti'iiipoiaiy. until the 
ytwr 1777, wlion " unotlivr hnppy nuptiul u miHixioii Kiipprnoiil 
my (loairn tu luuvn iiiy firtmiilv." In tho aprii^; of I7UJ thi- 
" Ai'Count of Loiulon " wan puliliahi'<l ; au K''''*^ *''■*'* it* xuctx'aa 
that by 171H ii third uilitiun wiix ri'ijuirpil. The churui of tht> 
liook to till' cu»ual ri'udi'r lii'a in iti di»coiiiK'<'tad t'liniacttT, for 
which i\ piofuMi a|n>lo^ry i-i tfmlrri'd in thi' pnifuii' I'i'iiiiuiit 
fuUoWH th«< cournt) of hiv own favouritv wulka, and in chatty and 
amusing without nfloit ; piiNonul facta and roniiiiiacencrn mix 
themtwIvKH up with thi' unti(|uiti('ii ; wo arv walkiiiK niiii-in-<>rni 
with him b«fori> wi' know it. In Smitliticld ho indiil^i'.H 
himaolf " with the miiition of Willi.ini IVnnunt, my ^iiiat, ^ri'ut, 
);ront, great. |>M'at. gicat uncli', an honi'st goldsmith, " who ti'ft 
behind him a coiiNidi'rable i'i<t<ito which waa " ili»ai|>at>Ml by n 
gfntlDman of thu family, who fortunaU'ly i|uittvd thia lifi' I vfuri' 
he hml uuati'd our patcninl aci'i'N." In Kolt-couit hi' tt-lla ua 
how hi) once " brought on him.ielf Iho trunaient aii^er of I>r. 
•lobiisou by ulwiTving that in his tour in S^-otlniid ' Iw ouci' hail 
lou^ and wofiil cxin'rienco of oats being the fooil of men in 
Scotland, aa thuy were of horrea in Kngland.' It was a national 
roHeotion unworthy of him, and I ahot my bolt. In retiini he 
l^avi' me a tender bug. Con mnuir, he aiRO Knid of nie, 'The dog'n 
a Whig.' " Pennant confesspa that though ho ia a miMlorati- 
Tory, " should the scale of [lolitics propondcrnfi' against the 
.Hrt/iM fHtfiuli, that moment may it Ihi said, ' Tho dog's a Whig.' 

In Pennnnt'i " London." there are grand proorsaiona of 
Kings and (,)ut'cii», courtiers, aoldiera, and chiirrhmen ; wo a«>, 
behind the pageant, humblor folk at their common taaka. rp>n 
Tower-hill n weinl group of noble aufferora gather, whose hoad- 
l«M bodies rest in the church of "St. IVtrus ail Vincula." '• The 
oonaciontious, nmiable prelate Fisher," the lieauteoua Anno Hiillen. 
the i>roflignto ('athorino Howaiil, " that meteor Tliomaa 
i'romwell " and ala* ' liow many more. Ho shows us the 
Temple Hall at its iwels : be makes the nuiny iiiona.st<'rio^ of 
the City rise from their squalid dust, and ring with voici's of 



oUI , b« ocrupiwl llie rwMMiniOir )r*r% v4 i,» III* 

I " llo^Kinary Toura, ' iti •Inch hr ro!:n-ta all llkal • kl 
• tho inoat <iiat«l>t )«rfa ol llw ratlji Mc |.«>Ua biWuaH 
; viKixbU* nutttal I'/vara, aiMi lua ca'tjf iiaitig. " Alvl 
I insularly at ikr Main* h"Ut . »USKUmi »ia\ aifitet 'leirti, 
a trna mia<>|4>(oii , 1 atoxl 1|m> a» w l u( ctrea* a •■j|f« 
my aoul ria«« with >ij(our to lU 1ln^l^•>yt, »tf\ I liuat/ <t 
• liaap|>> III lh«t eiiil of ita t'ttntl.^ " In b>a !aa< f 
rhampion'*! tli* r«ua« uf tb* |«er rt,utilty f«<tk. ■!>>< 
alfuril lu kmp up iIk luach if>*<U, m a ixtl'Ia letl- 
)inatirr>'il hin>*<'tf to organiMi m b>a nalit* 'buiitjr oi 
inMitin^a t>i ati/fraa abborrviMV of ' lie«aMti«)'U aiiil « 
{■riMtirra " Ho aaa ool )mII> ii « ilK the lUtuluti'^taar; 
ami Uf t'olli'tl tb>a laat hi* l«at votk Ha a!ao ti^t •«• 
I |o a«y U|'«>n tlw a>Unlit of " tb« )>«« Uwl al»«JiCi|aalaii wuaal 
BVrn in ITl") was n^aiiiloalin,' bat ffanlom l-y ■••ni^t !»-« 
I habit ID IImi hoiiMi, ami " rlubt'iMu imt )>••>. "f avaiil 
" a whiakini; i|ihiU4' 

KindiiiK liis Iwtia'a aittmg m au at<*>«<> n liM< 
I idinjt liabita in«t»a<l of i)i>ir i>»i cbinttea, |ci|rr< 
f-ar that I ptiviiit«.«l tbrm (mm lakiti,- iKair wonm 
They a**iirid me th<'\ dxl not iiMmn l>> dit •nil , an>l 
thorn rlappinv on • vaal bat w th a m. ka>tr cta«!«r»l •>..< 
only L'o (or lw>r work and ••' ail ilfiwn (of |Im> rwaC ad Iha 
' - ' ' ' ia« my ruat:cily •u>|'«:>ai 



iiiK I >ii turning louml. b</w 
bvr bair cIiiIiImI licbind 



lor 



Ha|i|iy antii|iiary ' in that b*- aaa n^H a|«>a 

ibivi'lopmi'iila ol (miiinina raprirw ' 

He pie|atr»l hii»ao|( hia " Lilarury I.ifa." atxl inui 
piilibabial it Ixifore hia ib-atb " ( ura "aaltii •a<|Q.l(ir 
ii'|>aatuni ' la ila mottu . an<l it cftotAiu* a caol imMi 
(lOitrait by liaiDalxiioiigb .>t tiio a^fa •■( lilty In ti>« |«a 
explains that " the l-il' Tboinoa I'lnnanl o( tk« t>ti*-| 
» tiguie of speech " The titlo'|«|;>' ai.noiuirm tb* t*tla 
of my authorial axiatiiirv, wliuh tuuk pla>e on Moicb 
.siiM'v that |rriial I hu%« gliiW»l tlin-UKh tha gloi* a la 
sprit'' ; luivn (N'rvade I the contiliruta <>( Kurofai. Aai 
.Vfrica, aiul ilenrriUil llivni with the •am* aalbrnta 
iienielli < 'areri- " 

TliiK IS ipLunt. faiic.fiil. an>l like tbv man 

J KKItl 



VV 



FICTION. 



Ill Till: (i .roM ol rnr Coi rrat i Hntrhinanfi, (■ 
Kruser ahous the •amo buiiian inaigbt in a U>ak of (trtton oi 
book of actual reminl••'•'n<^ea, "K I>ipl<'n>atiat'i Wifr in J 
•tapan— the l>eaiitr "f ita nmnlry, the aena^xtf bniiitT in ila 
IS a jireaonro of which the n-wlor i» nevor for a n.omvnt 
scions, and the occasional pn'aenc* of Woatam folk la anly i 
drive homi' the sentiment o( !)>•■ Koat Th* !)«• atorivaof tl 
range from a laktlu-tic luro-atory t<> a grini pK-tnre o( a ti 
lioat in the war with China. <>f the <|ttint«t w« lik« 
the simplest " in Tokyo " ami the moat ambtttoaa-" 
of tlie Daiiixos " least. Hut each baa the rttality of wti 
which alone diatin|ruiahi>« the luktural nory-lvlW frt 
accoiiipli«h«sl roiu'oi tor of incidents It la. how*T«r. 
dirticult t" loliove that the Jieople can be <|Uit* ati fa^nl 
they are jaintoil. 

In Til \T KoKTi >» I Harjaira, 6a i Mr < borl.-a Dnflley ' 
makes use of a mi<>(i/ that waa omv a cretat faTourit' a ilh 
and Rico the development of a girl's ch*r»ct»r ft»» frr 
I ont.tct with the so<'ial world Kut. 'n a otamvr trpirol •! 

■Vtiieriran allthora the writer iln^ia th^t hamraT ktmaelf 



88 



LITKRATURE. 



LJu 



•p|*krkne*. i* • lUiuttly ilnkiara pictwv of tlic old llikw U<wi tjrpo 
ot parfort inoiacmce umI 6<lolity. 

Mr Arthur l.«<f[;;t< in itlnxxly kii»<iii >■> a o.irx-fiit wurLliiaii 
br hi* " MuliiHvn," ImiI iu hi> lu'O lovi'l, ItoTM Iiuf.it tsuSMAii. 
(Luip. 6* >, hr i«r.>l)i<r iliu|>|K>iiitiii|;. Tli<'ili>rt-ri|>tii>iiN ni imturt< 
•TV •• hmutiful 'IhI iui ltut> «> ••v<<r, ami Ui<> iiiniii rliHr.tc*t4>r* un< 
rml aiMi liviit);, luil tin* ktofy i« iudly .imiis«<<l, itiid thin< i« u WHiit 
••f ■n|(M-i><w Kf* nxalifii ii<ivi>Iiitt> li<oi- tin- |MiMfr nf workiiif; 
t«rx> |kl<iU t<>j;K)vr J« liif inuitt'Tri nf olil hu<l, and it i« liiTi> tluit 
Mr. l-vgi^i' (aiU Tim oiiK plot till- (Miiiiiii); ti>|;<'tliiT <>f Lurd 
CHocU'Ttoii ttixl It>>ilric^ KfUu<>l i» |ii>r|>f(iully iiilfrru|it<<«l by, 
ami ilfU ill Uirii itit< rr<i|>ts, tin' M-otinl ]>l.it tlu< ilri(tiii|; :t|>Hrt 
ul Huri;r*vf ami lii» »iit«' : tin- «U>ry liM-k« Kyiniiii-try. uihI at 
tiuk« hauc It nw«>«<-rj it«<lf tlir<>ii{;li iiliitT lirillianoc uf 
•riUiii; , )<ut it in iiut nii artiHlii- «liol<> 

Annitiiii^; t<> Mr lloaalln. thon> ia a oonriotioii tliut 
•■ AiiMrican iiom-U an- t<xi <>X|iimu<<<) to b«« trim to lifp. Tlii>y 
arr novrU of clMor ilrtiil*. i>( witty i-onvetuMtioim, and di-liojit4< 
toocU"! Iiut t' e srwit t!iiii};a of life, tlu< |)nilili<iiiH of 

<>\i(t<>n K .in- ii<*\a: }:r;ui|ia(l and liuiiilli'«l tiriiily." 

Till* ■• «<-ll cxoiiiplitioil III TiiK Shokt-li.n'k Wau, by .Mcrwin- 
WatxitM- (Maciniilan, <U.). ntid ill .Ikkik I>kl.vskv, by J. <•. 
IVtaiiallr (Macmillan, C« ) In Itotli tliorp in gooil opportunity 
for rli.iract<-r utiaiy, but <<vi<rytbin<: tuui Im'^'H siihortlinatixl to tl i< 
mart) tidlin); of Ibo rtory, niid tlio roault in onoli caM> ia a brisk 
interMtiii;; i.ovel. not >ery iwtiafyinK. but vory (jood rv.idin);. 
TTm " Shorl-lino War " reiiiindt tia in miiiio way* of " The 
Ood inthoCar " Tlio god in t!im i-a»e m ji railway nmyiiatc, and tlio 
or i* litamlly ao u r,tilway car. Ttio ni«f;nnti< i* littlx iiioio tliaii 
outliiiwl, t)iout:h I'.prp aixl tl'.err> cb'vor t'>iirlicH alinw HOiiictliin^; of 
tho liaol M>lf-iiiM<U- man Tlio utory i» well written, and full of ex- 
eitinfc intri(;up. " Jv^iin l>idan<-y" i* u nerii-aof inoidenta cli'verly 
atmn); tot;v(her rather tlinn a oinaeciitive novel. The hem ia of 
Hpaniah-Indian Iriali bbmil, and iM-coMiex in turn rcli^ioua entliu- 
aiaat.pditieian, and ihddicr, th- ndiy pivinp thi- :(iitlior opportunity 
for dencriptiotiB of all nortt and i-onditioiit of Mi-xiciin life 'I he 
aoomot of the iiiiiuion work, with whiih thi' book iM-giiiN, d^M-n 
nut rinf; true and i» at liinea uiiint<'ret>t.iiif;, but in the pundy 
flmrriptive acetixo Mr Donnelly ia excellent, aii<l he m|(°c«h<<Ih in 
making hiH two great ch.ir.u'U'rn. .Ie.'»UN anil Mrs. Ijaiiib, t!ie 
niaaionary'a wife, very reil. The Ntyle ii- soinetiniea slaii-jy and 
alipahcxl. Tlier>> are too many S|HmiMli (plot itioiia untranshit4-<l - 
ftir Kngliah rfauler*. 

In A Makitai. I,i\iiii.itv. by K. P. Train (Ward. L.ak, Cx,), 
we have tile reverw of tlie ahiuld. The two atoriiw cont;iine<l in 
tb« IxMtk are |Nindy characU-r Htiidiex, with very little incident or 
action. Tile firat otM*. from which the Ixaik tiikea ita name, ia 
tlM> biMit. The hiuibitiiil who HufTera fur hia immoral wife and the 
•tnio); |Mire-minii<«l daiight<T are cleverly drawn. In the nucond 
we hate the old muttf of it'n^lieat^ir •tiiii Jane Kyre, reclotlii«l in 
the language of Henry ■lame'i. The reaiilt ia Hoiiiewhat 
iocmngniouii. an<l Uie »t<>ry iiiic mvincing. 

If Thf. Mmih Of TIIK I>KaKKT, A roiiinnco, by W. Sinitli- 
Wiltiaiiin (Hlackaonil, Go ), lie jiidgeal by the iiiinibir of it* faults, 
it oui hanlly |au» iiiii«ti r The plot ia nioru than the author won 
able to manae*' Tli« Udlcr of the atory, who ia a sort of deputy 
ham. i« burrieit thro<i|;h a w>ri<-« of aoenea which ha»e tho veiy 
■light*«t onnnaxion aith each other. Moat of the original 
character*, a ho an- diarov<Tml in an Knglmh ciuntry houm*, am 
auiirvly dru|>|Ml iM-fore tho latok iH half liniNhod, ttliich ia tlie 
gfaat»r pity aa many of tiiom had en^age-l our iiitaruMt. Many 

aI »Iu> im^,»\M^.tm m *■■■§ Am^\ ,.f t\^ ^. >.»,.•«•* w.n ^,.A i.n* .. f«,^ 



When we took up Ronald akii I, by Alfra 
lt<«ll,:U.Od.n.),n little volumuofatiidieafnimlift 
prot4-«t acuinat the rt<|>riiitiiig uf aketcliea whi 
turn aa current Cambridge joiiriiHliHin, Uut 
tiiiiaheil Mr. I'ntor'a book and had Inien tA 
lodge and humour and tendern(>ss iinderlyilii 
'■ Our I{«ct4ir," '• Our Prufoaaor," and ' 
changeil our niiiul. For there are •>iniii rei 
thiw akitchia, though not all of thiiii are 
memory, we ahoidd gather, ia ktrxuiger the 
The ghost story borrous an incident from 
known case. The lust pa|M r, " Declininl 
C(>rtainly not worth reprinting, 

("llllOMlLKS OK TkIiDv'k \'il.l.A(lK, by M 

(Ward, 3h. <WI.), is » volume of thirteen short 
at leaat ap|M<:iiud in tho Yellow |{<K>k, M 
lieriulicals. They deil with the little-grc-n 
village life, with it« little triigeilies, itn little 
soci.il dilemmas, and are written in a vlj 
distinguiRh<<<l by n'fineinent and charm. 

•Iahuk am> othrk Stoiiikk, by Mrs. H. 
:<s. TmI.), c^insists nf eight iiiiconnoctod t^des v 
in India, Australia, or Knghind, and the hiiIi 
tho head of come<ly and occasitinally of fui 
t'roker be>t when alio ia drawing Angio-Indii 
atory of " Tomniy'a Nurse " is nn e.Krellont 8| 
Tho entire \olumo is eminently readable! 

Wo rememlior to hare seen recently 
advcrtiscmont of n novel a ipiotation from 
appan-ntly coiisideri><l praise, to the effect t 
IxMik was '■ entirely devoid of litoriiry orni 
theroforo, that no misundorstnnding will arisi 
DouiMiTK Cavkks, by William Patrick Kell_> 
has tlio great merit — for merit we still Ixdii- 
well writt<>n. It lias also the consifh'rii 
l)rovidod with a ntmarknbly stupid prefiuo. Tl 
anil improtiuble enough, but with the aid of 
literary manner it cnrrios us on agreenbly to 

The fir.<t half of Tiik Kx pkuikmk ok 
Fruiiuus Home (RoutUxIge, Os.), is iH'tter 
Dorothy Leigh's life as a lios|iital iiiirHi' is i 
but in the latter part of the book she bci 
character, niiil instead we have tho exiM>rieni 
hia efforts to reform himself. The s«coiid 
fOine jmthos, but we should have pit'ferrixl 
eiices of the heroine, with more of the plei 
first |mrt. The IsKik is written in a clear, ii 
with evident syiiii«thy. 

Hri'rr o* tiik ('oNKriKsi k. by Iiily T 

6a.), is tho story of a dmniatie genius v 

unsntisfuxl. Iloland Withington's is somet 

sonietimei an iiiipresaive, ]M>rsonulity, Tho b 

dull nor ooiiimon|ilaco, is very unovon. 1 

and vigorous passages, dinlogiiea that have t 

and show plenty of oUiervation, characters I 

siifhciontly articulato. But tlie novel luavi-s 

in |ioint of riguroim roiistruction, and ruffer 

verbiiigo and coiivontiunsl muralixing. The 

feasional " life do not strike ua as author 
: _A._i »i. i~ i\... ._i.... 



•Inly 22, I8f)9.] 



IJIilKAII KM 



)>iit tiny ArK fur iiHirii i>lt<ii irri-iii«tllilii. Mokt ■>( ttin uthtT 
I'liiirai'turH tlm " i>ta;<it liUli " iii< tli>'i , Mr StiMliuarali (a 
iiioilitiiul Hir Willi)ii|.'lil>y I'.ittinli), till ItunulUkn liial a.liiH.I- 
iiiidtniiiH in pai tiriiliii ,tii> imi ii'ittiino of willkiioHii t)|H'<i , 
liiit tticy ni)' ilivi'it i\t' I iinii(;li in tlxur ili'(;iii<'» It i< ■ tiTy 
little Diin;.';, Imt Hi' cnnrina MiiiM lUyin r '» (oihImi'^i foi ■' •in ' 
mill " twnii " i'xaii|M iiiti'n u«. 



©bituav^. 



TitK lllHIIOl- OK I.IMKIClrK. 

Thi) ili'uth of Dr. (iritviiR, lliiiho|i of Iiiiiiiriik, in Inn HVth 
yi'iir, in a limi) to liinli Uitliirn. I)i (irnvi'ii uiix it Trinity ('•■lli<;-i', 
Diililin, iiinii. Ill' (.'riiiluittiMl in iiiutln'iiiiitii'i, Him ■'!<« ti«l t<> 
:t Follow nil ip ill IS:i<i, ^ut till' KruNiiMiH <Sinitli I'lnd'nioriiliip of 
Miitlinniiitii'H in IH-II. uii'l iiilitr<l ii Iraiinliilon. with i'i>ii<iil«ritlili< 
iiilditionit, of i'lliiiili'M' " Moiiioirn on ( 'oiiilN itiiil SplinrirBl I 'onira " 
'I'h'i piilijir, liiiwcvi'r, kiiim him li<t(ti<r iim <iii jintiipmriitii. Ilo 
»npi(;('il ill tlui t mk of iliripliiTiii); the O^haiii imuriptioni, anil 
iiiM'Vtit on tho IliAtoririil ManNM-rlptn ('oiiiiniKnioii. Me Mri* 
i'roniilont of till! Itnyiil Iiiiili Anuli'iiiy in IH»i|,n KhIIom i.f tlii' 
lioyiil Sorit'ty, mill itn Hon. I) (Mi. iif Oxfonl Hid hinhopin 
vviin coiifoi it'<l u|)Oii him liy l<oril KimlxTUiy in IH(itl. Iliinii'lf <i 
man of li'ttum, l>r. (invvii.i wim uNo ronnui'tnl with li'tloin 
throii);h tlu< tuli'nlii of mi'uiliiMN of liin family. Von Knnkti, th- 
liiHtorinii of thu I'lipiuY. wiiM hi.i hrotliir-in law , ami two of hm 
■oiiN have 111 hii'Vi'il litiTiiry ilislim timi Oim of thriii i^ Mt. 
AlfriMl I'. (inivoM. thu aiitl;ni of '■Soii|,;'. of Killariii'V " anl 
othor Wrll-known Irish iMillmln ; thn otlim it Mr. ('. !•. (iia»i'», 
thonuthor of " Ularncy Italliiili " ami " Thu llnuarilaii llorarr." 
nml cilitor, until ipiiti' ri'irntly. if thii t'lniiliill MiKjif.iitr. 



(Iorrc8pon^encc. 

— ♦ — 

MORTIMER COLLINS. 

To iiii': KiiiroK 
Mir, I woulil liki' to thank Mr. Wiitirn for tho rharminc 
and npproi'intivo notii'o of my fatliiT, Mortimnr 4'ollin.i, uhirh 
up|)var<'il in your iiuiiio of .luly ><. I uoiilil at tho namo tinio 
tli'siro to |H>int out ono Ninall rrior. uhiih mar* an ollinrwinii 
ai'Oiirnto ai-roiint. .My fntlior w»h n hnnl worker, ami hin work 
was not coiigiinial ; one of hin favoiirito rrniarkii wim that if hi> 
had ht'i'ii horn n millionairo hi> would hino Iwin a f^rrat poot 
Ho wan alwftVB olili);<'d to do work tlint jmid ; yi't hi< found tiino 
to linisli soiiii' .scrap of vcmi' racli <hiy, a tank of lovn which ho 
held to ho till' duly of rvi'ry oiu> who ha.i any poetic (jift. Hut 
ho was not in any sonsc whotovcr tho victim of ovor-work. Ho 
dicxl of an adliorcnco of tho hoart to tho sido in coniioi|iion<'o of 
a sovoro attack of rhoumatic fevpr. Mo camo to my liinino to dio 
— 1 was marriod and lived at Richmond driving nil tho way 
from Knowl-hill. in Hurkshiro. to Uichmoiid. when ho couhl 
soarcidy liroiitho, in order to ho in my hou.Mi. Why ho profcmHl 
this to my goin;; to him no ono over roally iiiidiT^ttood : hut it 
enahlod him to ho Ininod in a littlo churchyard by tho nvcr- 
nidi, and li» had oxpros.sod tho dosiro that this .should In> so in 
Romo voiws written months In^foro Mrs. Collins (his sec<inil 
wifp) and mysolf, nursed liim together thrcuijh his la-^t davs : a 
jKwf-mortciii oxaniination was iimdo and I received the do»-t.T'."i 
niport after it. T can positively a.ssiiro his friends that the story 
which was oircuhtted of his hoing tho victim of over-work was 



alHl ha hiul thtt tlnf^->n*l . i.n* loutooM vheh la • iMxh 
Inl*' dftiat. 

I an, Hir, ytUf A- 

MAllKI. I Ol.i.lNH Stt, K t:,4 
Jul) t H(i. IMHI llMtloit \t«.u>, Mc*t M.'tUif 



Huthors a!l^ publishers, 



lly l,ai llir ^ir«ler |»>.t • .| It ^ m |..,.i« ,,. '|.i..,. 

a|>|«4tii«l Ifni lit KfM|i< ■ larmt I.iIb .-l (k« *aOi 
trunxiiU'tl dirr» ll« \rf .\|t< l<..tt.>i> lr..«n iU tt-m » Uitt- 
.'^|uin l>. Ihx lliMa s.. Inly N., m.tfUr thai «»,* mn-' I 
that •'lii'lli'iil r«*ii|;<>li<'al Ixly am uun»>uklif ■ r> v<U>l i 
Inlllir liotl U'tiii ircniiml fr..tli ll> >iliK..(i t •r«ill..n«l anil*' 
Till' < •illl|>dll>tlVely (b« • l.ap(l»« ri.ni|<«o>l •[•ni*!!^ •») .' 
foi th" li«»i« coVeii'tl Itw |<iro.al. Ill Ir.'JTi, abmi IVot..* • ■«, 
with thn *>,.'intv MOM- ■traiii.Kl. ,«.! I.r |«inia>><«l )■>• crni|J.,, 
thn h>«« I, I then |«-itialiral Biitvtt.aiiiinoiit lUirtna • 
during; his eailior iiii*ai>.ii ).. K.taaia liatn I««ti rcrvfilly <ii«r< 
hy tho seerKtniy, ami mik m roiitar ■.( I«tii.|; |nii. lithe.) i 

' itlily J..iliiml ..f thi' ». ri.tj If ll<.rr>.« M* tilOMcIf ,■• I 

lottois na ho dill to .-^i uiu Ihny •hoiild. nlx-ti f'll'riMi int. < 
innko a •■Hihio in Ituaaiu a« in«ik-"iatin^' «• ih 'ItiLlr m >^ 
I Inly thn chiaie'oii are that ll<"ti.« in In* ii(<tinwr «.«il.| 
that raso have alli>«i«l material ■•• ntralUni t" •laint>-r > 
in thn »i»ioly's i nllars It m»a iiiio'innionly h»r.l ..|| I>t fc 
sooiie,- the pains and i.-<t ho m»m at I., inalir ),i>n««lf in*. 
I'Voiy acressdiln aiel avaiUhh- It. it.. nan •(.•-•inia^il, tl 
should have misiMol this llli«t Illl|>>l1;tlit Hirioa .4 Intirt* 
n.. fault of his Ho ma>le nppli.-ati'.n anil iiopiirir in tKr 
• piaitoi. ami. IniiiL.- inf-.thMsl tluit thn acM-r>-ti>i]r kim te.-;!, 
Ihoii »heroal".jts, ri.ii.liiihtl that the |.-tt.-i« ha<l n-.« 
piosorved. Then, ju.«l when his l.-.l was ,,ii),|i<hr. 
s«crotary »r..to to V'Ar Tim't to say that a ararrb ha.1 tm-<t, 
and that iiiiMt "f It.rn.K s letters hail !•'«-» t«<.',.<i.rMi ii 
pri sertalioii. 

'I'll pyri^ht of the ■' Koiiutiiy ICyr ' .tpifa Ih.- 

»!• mav h-.k presently for ii«i» •'<li(i.4>a ..f tlm •• I»i. !.• , 
Wnhrheit ' o| It-. i row's life. New tsliloina ..f "' Ijati-nji. 
have already hatl sin.o the r,>pyri|;ht etpin-.! sit ya.-« a. 
wiUi u hii>);rapliii'al sketi-h of Htt.iw liy Mr \Vatt*-|i' 
aii'ither with an intnslurtion hy .Mr. Hirrtll. Hut •■ I,«r. 
and the •• Hoiii.iiiy Hye ' are in roality Uit "n. l»> 
division iN'twi'^n thi'in l»'in(; raniarkahly sriotrary avi^ 
•' harliititry a ;;onl ' as (teor^,-r Horro*. Mithnrto. armrd 
there . ould Is' ii" iliicopv richl •tlituni of the «h<.!« 
Moasrs. Methtien now announci' a nea eilition. with an m? 
tion hy Ml. Krani'is Hmdes Orootio'. Mr. Hiivir* ii- 
like Horrow, i.« a '• I,sven;;ro ' n nuu> of t"nj;nr« a:» 
Horrow, has a kiioalnlk'e intimato ami |«-iiliar •>( tho (ti 
their life. Ian);uau'e, ami lop'titla ; m«m>vnr, IaihUm la 
hn (iipsy kno«lo<lv-» in his •' <ti|«y Knlk-Taim " ami '• In 
Ti'iits." ho has shown a vary pretty turn for tui^ta 
rominisconco m his <|uit<' •Ivli^.ditful little hook. puhjislw> 
years ai;o. on "Two Suffolk KrirrnU.' his fal)i«r. KnU-rt Ii 
(triwuiie. .Xrhdoacon of SulTolk. nanmly. ami Kla >nl Kilili 

Kor Mr. Murr.«y, o^ain. H..rn)»i« original ptiM »H«« 
Knapp hiinself is piO|arin,: a i>«w rdit^.n of th-s aat >i>i«£rB 
i.imanco in two |«rt». H«. of ■•■ur'w, is in the («it 
IMvsitinn of U'lin; in (M^aseMiofi of Ui» maniio-ri|4A ts^ntain i 
(sissiiiios rxcisrd snd not printnl in tho |xihli*ii«c{ wrainn. 
of •iiooc (lassagpa »r>< likoly to !n> of curioiis intemst t" ;«•! 



»* 



LITERATUKE. 



[Ju 



U> th* tuobi^lot Ku^U*h rvotlar wiUi a t»i»l«tion iif " II 
Ttioufti ilrlU Mort»." (io>v whu-h lie hiui);>«>'ii ua tituttUtioii* of 
Utr two <«rlic4' i>ovt>liof tlif trilofO' of " RiiiuiiictW of tiia Koat* " 
" II Pi*c«r«- " k£>t " Lliinoivntn." Ho ii"h annotiitc*** tli» 
Inft-'tl'*". I7 Hit-* Agmtiim Hui:tie<, if th« " Vwcini ilell<' 
K<«<«>." t>M ttr*t of Utn ««cul>d Uilo)i\' of " ><oiiiaiut>a of Ui<> 
Liljr." So the Knell kIi trantlation i» almady aliiioat even Willi 
ttip oripaal. D'Annunsiii'a coin|>let» *riu-iiM<, it nuty Ih> 
iMitotnbpml, i* of a trilogy of trilofric^ Tliort* arv to Ixi nine 
i>cnrl», JuitUnl into thre* aeriea. iWIinj with tlio il<<r<>l<>|.iiioiit 
of a huuukn tntallicpnoa In Ui* " ltomano<« of the Kom-," 
kli«K]y ciiU|>l«tMl, tlw aiitltor'a aim. acconiin); tA> hi* own 
•ooiunt, hma \iman U> ctopict ilia atrUKU'^' of an iiMtiviiiiul miu<l 

• i(l> tiM> ol«tat-l«a of utatenal life. In tlie " K-mutncM of tlif 
Lilr." which an* only l>a|{uti. Uu> r«a<irr ia u< oounuittr a Htrouc 
axwl (liaci|>liiMti inlvlli|tMic«. vhidi, failiUf^ in ita ellorta to 
oirtain a jcatlominant inl)uf>Dc« ovur othara, r«tir»a within itrotf 
ami er*at«a a world of |ioetry. Finally, th» " Kiimancea of tlta 
PooMKraiial* " arp to ci«al with tlie triumph of n iiiaatar-iniml 
gTv'WU to ita full hoiftht tlirough cnintaot witli humanity, anil 
ca|«ble of rfcoiiciliiii: ihi* realities of lif<> witli tli« <ln>«mi> of 
|«i«tri'. It ia only a ilroa<lu aiiK-« the firat stone of this 
antbitioua t-ilifioa waa laid, ami ftir tlw future, Wi- take it. witli 
ill* halp of Mr. liaioemann'a trmnalators. tlie Kn^tliah roador 

• ill bo lUririlfgMl to iiioiint «tat;t> liy ata||e ;>'■>-» ;miiuii with tlit* 
ItAliaa. Hy way of rontrnat and commentary on the iin<K|iial 
foot of Kama, it i* humiliating to remviiilMir that ItaliUM- liaa had 
to wait until hia contatuiry f<ir an adequate intr<Kluction of hia 
*' Cumt'div Uumaine " to tlte Uritiah public. 

We undc>ratmn<l tlint Mr. Michael Macsuliifc late Divinionnl 
Judfe in the Punjab, haa tiiiiahi-<l hia translation of the (iraiith 
Sahib, the aai-ml iKHtks of tha .^ikha. A committw of native 
■rholara have a|>prore<l of the tranalation. ami it ia to bu ho)i«d 
tbat aoDM Kiigliah pibliaber will ahortly iaaue the book in thia 
votmtry. 

Among tke Invika which Moaara. Loiifnnana hare in the preas 
i« a •• Hiatory of I<«inl Lrttoira Indiiin Adminiatration " (1876- 
I8HO1. compilexl witli the help of othcial dociiliieiita by Lady 
Betty Balfour. Aa an appendix to '* Knglaiid in the Af;*' of 
Wrcliffe." which we reviewed the other tiny, the aame 
pabliahera luir<- in hand "The Puaaaiit'a Kixin^ and the 
LolUitla," by Mr. (t. M. Trevolyan and Mr. Kil);Hr Powi-11. who 
liave eollected a numtier of iinpiililialied dociimenta for tlio work. 
A life of Dantf by the Rev. J. F. U<i);an, D.D., u history of 
DoTor. anl a biocmphy of Alt-xantlcr Ix-alio, tl»e first Karl of 
Leven. lijr Mr. C. S. lerty. of Abenleen L'niveraity. are alao upon 



Uaaara. Loo^raaoa' liat : and among fiction t 
ia tha hiatorical atory " Paraoii Kully " in 
hmg ami Ml. A. K. W. Mnaon are coilaboral 

li«ai(lt<« the autlioriaud biography of Si 
Ik* publishmt by Maaara. Matliuen, to whici 
referred, another InMik dualing; witli the ai 
Millaia is announc<<<l by Maaara. Itell. Mr. 
has alrt'iuly written ii]M>n Albert Moore, ia 
illiiatrationa wilt contain aomc exampli-f 
which have Ixs-n hitherto inaccrwrible to tlu- | 

We understand that the Iif,. of Niiliol 
Elixalioth Denis, the moat complete ^-et writ 
Measrs. Sampson Ia>w'« autumn publications. 

The .\rt and Uook Company luu in tb 
ditioo of Kn^liali Catliolica uudor Cluirle* 
by Mrs. Itaynioiid Barker from the French 
Cuuraons (iirr B. Naave), the only Knglish 1 
whose work has Iteon crowiie<l by the Froii 

A second edition of Mr. Percy Dearmer 
l>ook " will lie publiahod very shortly. 

The firat large o<lition of " Art for Love,' 
at tlie Cliariiif{ Croaa Hospital Baxaar, haa I 
the work is now lieing reprinted in order t 
tional dvnuind for it. 

Arrangements have lM<eii iinulo by Mei 
French tmnslatioii of Mr. Charles Haiiii 
Captive of Pukin." Mr. Haiinan's new foiir- 
<// the .Sitiiittwii, is to bu pro<luce<l for th« 
Leonards Pavilion, next week. 

.Messrs. Mfwhaii. :S2, Gay-street, Bath, [ 
siiliacrilnirs twcnty-tive sets of a aecond seriea 
liahed drawings and rare prints of the " K 
Celebrities of Bath ami District, " by U, 
others. The price will bo 21s. 

An e<litluii iff hurt, limited to fSOO cot 
Kingdom.of Walter Crane's "Baby's dixjra," 
and '• Baby's Own ^aop " will ahortly lie pi 
Koiitl(sl);t> in one volume, entitled " Triplets. 

Measrs. Methuen will publiah e:irly 11 
niiinlier of " The Noveliat," conaiatinK of a 
.Mr. Kmest Olanville, entitled ■' The Inca's 1 

Mr. Fisher Unwin nnnoiincos a IxKik 
of South Africa." by Mr. .M. G. Jesaett, 
with Delapoa Bay. 

The trho lit I'll lis aaya that ' ' Comte 1 
decided to rewrite completely the end of his nc 
asks lu oiioe more to 8us|M!nd its publication 1 
reasoiiB for this deciaiun are unexplained. 



LIST OF NEW BOOKS AND REPRINTS. 



ART. 



Tha InteraaUoaal Society of 
Soulptor*. Painters, and 
Crm vers Art Concresak > .<'.•' 

kcur lit Ibc ISB KiMbiliuM. H 
Hfin.. 61 pp. Lasdnn. IMBi 

\\ ant »k ad. n. 

Otte ■•paslana. Thr Pnhhraiion 

•( llw Art* Ka< ultr of t'iiiver>II>' 

< Mmt*- Uvrrpinl. Vul. 1. lu -. 

•a.. tH pp- Umdon. UW. 

Wehlleban. 

BtOORAPHY. 

WIUl ZoU In Bncland. .^ .-lorr 

71 "Mia.. xvL-tZII pp. I>ifMloii, 
tim, Ittattoic Wlndus. 3vad. 11. 
Jolia HevraiM. A Lerturr br 
Mrr. H. H. Srmllnrd. U.A. »> »tln.. 
;i pp. l>jnd'Mi. UMI. 

HaarD. ««tMo. k Vlncj. >. 



TnufMly. B}- 

(/. TninHlaleil 



A Monk of CputiL By K. I'. 

OpfK-nhrim ;i'S\h\.. 317 lip. 

loiiiliili. 1W<I. Wapil. Ix» k. :««. (kl. 

The Myatepy of Monkswood. 
Bj .Wr«. /.-x/3. . 7| . .-.In.. 3111 pp 
Londuii. Iftd. DIkI'T. Lonic. 8x. 

LITERARY. 
Tbs Pathsp. A 

A ufjunt Strintlf*frti. 

liy .V. Krii li"«-n. H-iilri.. !« pp. 

Iximliin. l««l. iMn kwiinli. 3-. M. n. 

E— ays on Robert Brovirninr. 

It) .WiirV.ii l.itlle. Tt-. Mill., an pp. 
lyiiiiliiti. IW.i SiiTini.nw ti.Hi. .1-. <iil. 
A Manual of Kssay WrlUnjr. 
Hy J. II. hiiirlrr. • ■ .'lin.. IJU pp. 
U>nduii. IHMI. Black. iH. 6d. 

MILITARY. 
Ttaa Rouch Riders. By Col. 

Throil'trriUiif'xxU, r..S. Voluiilcer 
Csvalrr. S«<Hn.. M pp. lymdoti. 



ORIENTAL. 

The Oullstan. IV'iiiK tho Itni-c 
KiinliMi of Shntkli .Sn*di. Tranw- 
lai4Ml (ruia tbi! I'onUan by Sir 
FAhrin Arnolii. K.C.I.K., f.H.I. 
itx&ln.. xvL-ftSO pp. London. 
18UU. BiirlciKli. 3h. ftl. n. 

POETRY. 

Lakhml. The R«Upiifs Brlda. 

hy AU Jiiniirr Hourru, '\k'j,\\\\,, 
\^i pp. lyi>ii(]on. IMP. 

Kiirli'ixh. 3ii.ed. D. 

REPRINTS. 

Oolerldce'e Poams. A KacNlmllo 

ItrpriMlnrlUiii of (liP PnKifi. and 
)IS.S. of •«tiii! of lh« I'ueins. Kd. 
br Ja mm Uykt VampbHl. 7 *■ t|iu., 
131 pp. London. IM. 

<'on«tablp. 6m. n. 

'rt.A U#.l.# U/At, ll.-_f,W.n Itutttuit* 



The Life of 

A. T. Mnht, 
VA. KoviiK) 
I.oluloll, 1811 

The Early i 
Jamss Fa 

Hytlii/«. // 
Ut. 7|x.Hl 

ueti. 
Loyalty 0« 

7j ■ Jiiii., 4tfi 

81 
Manual or I 

By ijfomait 

I7'i pp. 1.IMI 

TH 

The Oosps 

Sin. Hy //n 

VJl pp. I .on 
Hn 



^itciutuic 



Edited by Hi. 9. SrsiU. 



Publlah«d by Zhr 7\mti. 



No. m HATi;itt)AV, JII.Y ai. !•«» 

CONTKNTS. 

rtum 

Leading .^rtlol* Ciilirnl I'ltnilli-U aiuM'niilrnvU <> 

"Among my Booka," l>y •• Vfiimn l^-.- ' l** 

Poem At till' •• 'I'imi Ih' " of Kuxttliiiiii, liv ■■ N'liili't Vaiti- " W 

" A Leeaon of Humtllty," liy <ii<iiiri'>'y Mniiiiiii-i' I'l) 

Street Orlea. Old and Nnw, liy r»ti\ llfiultnni ltd 

Sixteenth-Century Booka I"7 

Revlewa 

KHNiiyn ill IjitiriiriiiiiMlii|> Hiiil llihli>>)(in|>liv '^T 

|ji (iii.iT.- il.> Si-pl Allele. W.C. Oiimn) >#» 

TIh" l{"'vi?<iMl I,if.' i>r Nflsiui >*• 

('(iiiiiiiciii Si-MNf ill Ivliiriilimi mill Tcikrhinx '" 

Raoant Vara*. II. 
h'liroNt NoliM Anna Itiiiiifi MiiMir l^'anrlv* liitiirriti hihI utlti-r 
l*n)lii'<lon«» 111 V'nrx*' Ktirttir Klnic l'ii«tU>n*U iiiul oihrr P'"**"!-* 
Thi! Kluwiirxiirilin WInil In Thix i Mir World III. irj 

Yulii iiiul ('111 i.stliliiM .. iri 

Thaolonr 

Tt'xiM Hiiil .stiiiiifs m 

TllfThroloity (if thf New Twl/iim-nt IH 

Thi* 0*iHp«I of llir AloiiiMiirni rnlv»»n«iljr itiiil iillirr .•*«»niion» 
Th» Itovorunrr tliln to Itm AlUir IMrtlnnarT (if Iht* HIblr Infru 
(llK-lioll t(i thiM rmnt'* itlid tlH> T(< l)«tillll Ttl«^ Ap(Mtl(«'« Crrcd 
Th« ('hri.(lliin ("n'^l and the ChmmU at rlirlotciidum IM, U'l 

Till' Primitive < '(Ui^lclltitioiiN l^'i 

('oli-riilK'' ^ I'oi'iii.i : II Kiic.Hiiiillf Wl 

Othap Naw Booka 
Ttii» IVuMivnt-*" W'nr tii tJiinimnv Index l(» lln» Knrlv Priiiti.d ll(wik.> 
In Itio lirill^li MiiMKini niitlOxw or KoKli^h lAH[n\ IIi<lor) Ttic 
Kiinilly of Wmiiiiii IVnn Thc.-<l(ln«> K.imllj l»t. l^T 

FViUoB— 

lone Miilfll 11" 

(luy Inifilb) lltvid ( >iipr('i*..orM llll 

American Letter, liy Mi. \V. I). Howi'lls ti>i 

August Magazines. I lU) 

Obituary— < 'olond HoIkm-I Ingt>i>ioll Cnnun t'lMiniiiKlon 

('(iioiici Hoiiiicim- lilt. Ill 

Coppaapondanoa " Tho Hliciir"! Andcx " 1K4IW. <i. rilitllomldl 

" All Ainbinuoii!" SlifikoiH-ttriiin Word " ||| 

Notes .Hit, fC. uri. utt. |ii« 

Authors and Publishers III. II:; 

List of New Books and Reprints li:; 



CRITICAL PARALLELS AND CONTRASTS. 



Next to the jmstinie of armni;inc; the |K)ets or other 
eminent men of h'tten* of oneV own nntimi in " onh-r of 
merit," hy tlu* priH-e.^.-* of he.xtowini; " marks " iijHin them 
for the various (.'omiionent jMirb* ot their literary i;eniu.«, 
tlu» most seiluctive exercise of the criticjil faculty — <»ne 
almost as })leasant anil, jierhnps, even a little less unprofit- 
able — is that of comimring the classics of one nation with 
those of another. This sort of comiwirison. iiKhf^l, was 
more in fashion in an ai;e when it wh." )i*>rhaps les,> intelli- 
gently i)erforine<l. It is ditticult to believe, but there wn» 
actuullvft time when men ustnl seri()uslvtoen)'.'iv'e in discuss- 



•n>;t;r»l»il llo- vriirmbh- aiirNii<>lr nf i\f isd t-iiit 
ll-itiir-rii- ami \'ir({ilinii rr>|«^ tit rly, aiiai (h>< •iffr 
tiiiii'li c«iiitri>tfr»y ttutt hk li luul i-MutPttnl iKo lAi 
that thrir traik»ritrfii'^l «!••«• •••ff b« otwtiitatrir 
I'tUMr IM f^iT. .NdinwlnV" til'' coliilofatM^- cfttji 
a|i|iria>i'li •ilrli n •iibjn-t 111 n iiH>rr judlitiHu, mIiu it 
a iiKifp jufli( ml, tiiArtiirr. li>>t<-«<i u( aiuliti^ ti(n 
i>li\ idiialy futilr rtiort to (<iiiuii<>- ait >i\>\»>ttrul, 
iliin;;iMary, llmt itim nt tiifM' («•■ |«vlji aaa "(>i>-«t«- 

tlle otlllT, he Mliulii i|r-Ml(i- all tlir |faltlltl|; Ali'l 1 
lie iMMmcwiii t<» Ihi- flilli li r»n»ff lu>|>-fiil la«k n( lt%>- 
reM'(|ili|iiiii-fo ikiiil i||fTerefii>-« iirtar^fi tirf- I (utm. 
of their neliiu-, met (if •liiiaU);,', 111 lli«« tOM- of tl 
[HM't, liiiw niii< h «a« t4> («• a»i;(itp<l t<i tli» unj^it 
how much to till- il«T)\iitl\r lli^jri-tllrtit tli iil« [■■•tr 
The recent ro(i/»-,v uiv of M. Jiilr* l°l*r<-(l'- 

Lyceum Tlii-ntrif on " ."^hnln-'ju-nre iiit(| Molii-re," i. 

We ilevoteii a few woril* of (i>milie|)t tlir otlirf lii 

iiiii;ht Iw ex|M>«'t<Hl from it« i»'coni|iiioliei| nut! 
example of the nio<lern ami iii(»re ••nli;;liteti"l ' 
comiHirisoii. M. I'Inrelie that i> to onv, Inlce* rut 
hif suhjei-t to a CiinnKJiTnlili' extrnt i>f th(»«" 
prominent feature- of contra.>t vliicli lnul iii<»t nil 
for the olil-fasliion)*)! onier of (liMpji<>i(or nlan^ 
U|ion proviii;; that "onie one j»n*nt iiuui i.« (;rp*l 
another. KjK'h of tlie illiutnoun iirnmAti*t« Itiwl 
|M>iiits out. a " national " ami n " hroAiily human *¥\ 
it is of course to the ap|M-al of the ilnuiiatft to )ii< 
countrymen in his former a^iutt tlint llieyowe mui h 
ineTpiimiaiile pn«fep-nce,« for their own iOfn|«»trio 
they are naturilly enou;;h (lis|i<M>«ii to a«.>i;;n to .1 
ority in the •■ hronilly human " element of liix work: 
con.-iiienitioii alone ili\e«ts the ci>ii)|ori*<in of 
]>ro|K)rtion of its material for contrnvemy, ami rrn. 
the liml>oof thotM' ipie^tions on whicli rea-*on«lth 
must jK'rjK'tually " ajjn-e to differ." But in tlint 
their genius which N'longs alike to .*>lMilk*»ji»tt 
Moliere in right of their common humanity t 
still plenty of matter left u|ion wliich toexercii* the 
intelligence. The temptation, for inst«n«'«», to c 
them with €»ach other in their rrsppfti^e n-lati 
Idealism and Iiienli-m in art i« a i|e<-i({<>ily alluri' 
ami M. Claretie. if he had yield'-ti to it, wouM lia^ 
ojien to him an only too extensive field for hi» ol*.«>r 
I )ur own impnvision, t<io. is that a coin|«ri.»on 
Realist's with the Idealist's ouU<«ik u|K>n life vt 
more likely than anything els«" to put u» on the ti 
a sound discrimination U'tween the i;enii:- of t 



86 



LITERATURE. 



[Jul 



of tLrii) a «k1«> l>«Tth. Tliew iiiH«|ihyM«-s of the subject 
urr i^xtjfim-lv int»Tr>tiii>;. niut tlie in\e>tijjBtion of them i« 
(Ht-A* tonal l_v fruitful tif drtiiiitt* «iiil {irni-tical rei*ult-s ; but 
«• m (;eneral rulo tiifV far t»K» inmli n>»einble (oleriilKe'ii 
in«»noU»t;uf- in « "arlv lf'> infinitflv huiiiorou-* desiTiption. 
Th«-v IrjMl \t>u a>iii«« •• into iifw |iiilhs iiitii evt'r into n«'w, 
anti. I'cforv long, into all the Iniveise, where it is un- 
t-rrtain what ^nnie vou will »-ntoh or whether anv." 

The (li>iinotion taki-n bv M. t 'Ian-tie was of a Ie8s 
iiieta{>h_v«ii-al kinil. and i-i no iloubt a sound one an far as 
it f:»K-« ; but, a« in njo*t such i uses, the lon>;injj for 
• vnunetrv, and that n>v«terious imssion for what ninv 
!«• ralleii •* jiij:eon-holin;; " which is so tleejily ini- 
|ilanted in the huinnn brea.-t, has iin|i«'Ile<l the acute 
Krvnch critic to j>n'<s his jwint i»erhni>s a little too far. 
Sliake>ji«'are Kx»ke<l, he contends, at the dranintic, and 
Molien- at tlie comic, side of things. •' Take," said M. 
Claretie. "the i-ase of a man who (alls down in tin* street. 
Some of the <|>«Ntators say 'If ninlhrtii-fnx ." others say 
'I'l'tnli^i-iif." The fiiriner are the tlnimntinyrs iuKdiiciifs: 
tiie lattt-r the i/l'«ifri-i((rii m coinl<fiifn.^ The examjile is not 
the U>!.t that tx)uld l>e ^elected, since tiie incident, at lea.st 
a< state<i. is not only too trivial to np)M>al with any force 
either to the dramaturgic or to the comic instinct, but is 
al«o — again taking it merely as stateil — of so ambiguous a 
nature that we cannot tell whether it might not H]i|>eal 
wholly to one of the two instincts or wholly to the othi'r. 
There an*. fi>r instance, some stre<'t-falls which it would Im* 
quite imjiossible to regai<l from any jwint of view but that 
of the nftftrrmtr" r ciniiiqtf : while there are others, say, of 
a fatal or even of a serious nature, which would for the 
moment convert every olfurrvateur comiquf who witnessed 
it into a dntuiolnrijf ittfiUnctif. Hut M. Claretie, of 
rourse, only meant by this illustration to insist u]ion the 
truth that life alnumds with incidents and situations which 
may be reganh-d either in an emotional or in a critical 
npirit ; and that, while the former mode of contemplating 
them is essentially that of the dramatist interested in them 
tL* "action," the latter is as essentially that of the come- 
dian intereste«l in them as revelations of human character. 
It is, in fact, only a less concise and ej>igrammatic 
restatement of Horace Walpole's a]ihorism, that " life is a 
comedy to those who think, a tragedy to those who feel." 
Tlie snare, however, of these discriminations — the snare 
which is laid for all of us by the " j)igeon-holing " instinct 
aforesaid and in which the feet of M. Claretie are not 
wholly unentangled — lies in their tendency to make the 
discriminator assume, or to write as if he assumed, that the 
world's gr»-at writers can W comfortably labelled " drama- 
turge " or " comedian," and neatly stowe<l away each in his 
M>f«rate c<(m|«irtment of the <-riticnl ewritoire. As a 
matter of fa«-t the great writer has invariably some of 
both rjualitie* — or he would not have Ix-en great — and 



Claretie, too, is of opinion that the 
Alcejite and Celime^ne in A* Mituiiit/in 
ileal in common with the scenes In'tw 
Desdemona. And if French critii>« thui 
oblige*! to jin)test, even in tlieir own desj 
great comic dramatist Ix'ing regar<led as 
and simple, so, and with at least e<|ual ene 
men exclaim against the idea of ticketii 
Falstati' and Doglnrry, of Bottont and ' 
<lrtiin(itiir<ff iimti lu-tif with a keener f\ 
than for the comic side of human life? Ii 
u|)shot of this critical (uirallel and con 
such, is, we fear, to dee|K*n our impressin 
of too minute attem]its at providing a hui 
tication of the various forms of humai 
convince ui that great writers of all m 
general, acconiing to the old .S|»rt«n kin 
are much more like one another than 
|terliaps agreeable, to supjwse. 



It is not neceswiry to l)e an antiq 
appreciate the imj)ort«nce of the foil 
jwsseil at the recent Congress of ArchnH)lo| 

Tlie Con^irens of Arrliifdlc'niciil Socictiua 
Society of Aiitiquiirios, havinf; lecanl to the i 
to till- ctisto<ly uiul coixlition uf Wills, Fa 
other |>ublic D<M-iiin«ntH in the recent Shipwa; 
which so many clix unionts wert* forged mid Nt< 
■U>|ui nhould Ih! takun to leconiintnd Guvomi 
Koynl Commission to inquire into tlic siilijec 
servation and arrangement of such i{ecordi,wh< 
may t>o ronderod imjiOHsiblo in the future. 

Ix>ng before the Shipway case, it wai 
])arisli registers were in danger of bein 
alike by the unscrupulous and the frivolo 
many melodramas liave hinged uiion tht 
stories of leaves having been torn out o: 
wives, to serve as kettle-holders, or evei 
have been told so often by the clergy 
certainly be more than a grain of truth 
decided, at the Ck)ngres8, that a deputatio 
interview with Mr. lialfour on the subjec' 
of its rejiresentations can hardly fail to b< 

No writer of our generation is m 
honour than the venen«)le lady who wa 
presented, at the High .School, Mancheste 
nate<l address recording the foundation 
.Scholarship in her name. It is forty 
.Miss Vonge's most famous work, " The H 
was published, and she has ever since conl 
novel after novel, to the number of ov< 
marked by the same distinction of styl 
j)urpose. .Miss Yonge would not object t 
didactic writer — indeed, she would perhi 
the title ; but it would be a jfity if the p 
moralist in all her writings should have 
the uncritical reader the singular excell 
To any one who is still unajtpreciative t 



July 2'J, 181>'J. 



IJTKKATl KK. 



conttinniiiHt<< nkill witli uliidi, in " 'I'lit* l>itiiiy rintiii," 
every ineinlNT of ii Inr^;** nml eimentiitlly roiiiiiioniilncf 
fikinily, living tli*- titD-vcutfiit \\\r» of tlii* Kii^liah inxlillr 
cIhhh, iri iiii|iri-><HC<l iiH a <li->tiiii't iiiilnnlunlily <>ii tlic 
rt'iulcrV iiiiiiil. 'I'lu- ImmiU *»•« writ(>-ii \>'ini l>«-fi>n' llir 
"atmlytic" n^i- ; l)iit kffiifr iiixi^lit iiilo (linriu'tfr, nml 
^Tfiiler ckill III Its |Mirtrnyiil. ix ""I l<» !•«• fniiinl iii tin* iiiiwt 
niorliiil K|M-c'iiii<*ii 1)1' tiKxIrrii |iHyi')iiili>^ifnl tictum lliun in 

tliJM f«il!l|>lt'Ml llllil lirikllliimt lit Kli^liiili lici\rlii. 

It is Nti-ll kiKiuii ttiitt .Miirk 'rvtniii Ix-^^itii lifi* n* n 
lH'WH|in|MT ic|K)rtiM-. Ill- \i* lii>* Hiiiil to lin\«« tolil nn 
iiitfiA ii'WiT tlmt lif nttrilmlcB lii» HiU'ifnx in litrrnturf imt 
ti> til)* i'X|M'riiMii'c wliii'li lie ^'niiirtl in tlmt rn|inrity, Imt tn 
tilt- I'uct tlmt 111- fiiili-tl to liolil till' u|i|Miintin«>iit. 'I'lif 
f-tutt'iniMit in in n'Tiexliin^ i-oiitrntliction witli tin* norninl 
vit'W tlmt, n)-Ms|Mi|M'r work in tlu* Ix-xt trninint; tlmt n 
literary inim cnn lin\e ; Imt the fmt i> tlmt tlii" \i> one of 
those nmtlers on uliirh no ^i-neriil nth' run mifely !»• Iniil 
down, (iivcn ii .stitliciriit filiicntion to start with, tlii-ri' i« 
no kinil of trainiiii; that tin- man who ha> thi> liti-rary j^ift 
will not tinti useful when tin- hour i-oines to turn it to 
account. He may nt-rve his a|i|irentice>ihi|i |irolit«lily in 
the Army, the Navy, the hackwtHxIs, in a mining' camii, in 
II I'nivtMsitv, or in n sul>-c<|itorial room ; in any iii.s«> he 
will Ih' the wiser for what he has learnt there. 'I'he main 
e.ssentiul is that his n|)|>rentice>hi|( should not In- |>ii>- 
tracted loiijj enough for hi.s mind to lose its elasticity and 
itH receptivity. Hut, in the cii.se of the man who i.» an>- 
hitious of literary distinctions, this do«*s jiol often ha]i|M-n. 



IRevicws. 



Bssaya In Llbrarianshlp and Bibliography. Iiv 
RlohardOarnett, O.B., LL.D. "i ■.■>iii..\iv. •:ti;ii>|i. IxumIihi, 
KHOI). Oeorge Allen. 6 - n. 

Dr. (iarnett'.s li<M)k ahout lihraries in ijeneral is so 
iuterentinj; and iiiformin:^ tlmt one feels a certain tiiiiiility 
ill liazardini; the hackneyed criticism that it would ha\e 
lieen hetter if the author had taken more jwitis with it. 
Vet, goo<l as it indiihitahly is, it ii-s certainly sto)!?. short of 
the excellence to which I'r. <iarnett could hase attaineil 
if he had cho.sen. It is, to (|U<.fe the preface, a collection 
of essavs •' for the most part i)cca.sioiial and desultory. pri>- 
diiced in compliani-c with retjuest.s of friend.-, or thenp|>«'Bls 
of enlitors of hibliojirajihical journals, or oruaiii/.er> of 
library conjjres.se.s, to meet some s|Hvial emeri;eiicy. and 
treatiiiij of wimtever up|iropriate matter came readie^t to 
hand." There are pajHTs, in the collection, of all kiiid.« — 
historical, biographical. Uihliogniphical |Mi|H'rs, and pa|H'rs 
on librarv ailiiiinistrafion. They are not only pa|>ers 
admirably adapted to their immeiliate topical pur|Kwe, but 
impers that one is jjlad to me«'t ajjain. Hut, now that 
they are brought torjether in a volume, one notices that 
they often rejveat each other, and that they, to a certain 
extent, lack cohesion. If Dr. (iarnett had reganled them 
a."* the raw material for a Injok instead of a.- the tini.she<i 
product, he would have covered the ground so that no one 
need trouble to traverse it after him until all the con- 



III »Ollir of the •>th<-r*. W f III"-!! at •llllt'H-ljl |«rt»'i 
Vlllh'lllt ft-fffrtntf to r«J-|| ilthi-f, ti**" |«»|«-^» •- 

o\erlnj(. Dr. <i»rn«*tl dfi-idr*! i» Irt idnn alt •l*.- 
oiil nitr-rntioii. for fear of tiii|K>ir!iii; tl.«-ir '•■l<»t;' 
Milue " ; Imt It !• a ijUMtloii •t.fll*i-f ti.«« !• ati 

• huh ihrir lltr-raxy vallir th'iitld ! a»r \'^U •«« 
Wr should linM" pfffrrifl tlir t)!!^)!.!!. \ (i^ of tl,<- 

»lii> h ii>i;;lil hav*- •"•••ii i^'^'-n •'.> fu'iijj{ tl'-m I' 
aftff Ihr a»iwl llifllexl of hl«tor»Ali». "•llH, ••• 
thniik Dr. <iiir«ell for tin* I***! a<<otit>(< of tl."- <a' 
f\er wrilt*'!!, and »•• >'*'• him a 'l"^" lal d«-M "( jj: 
for illiiiniimtiiii^ n .iil>)<-. t, aio- h riiii^l.t ■•»»i1t ).«■ 

mniledllll, by ll>all\ pleA^allt tolK iir« •>( Itlltll'itll. 1 
humour, for etnili|ilr. III tl.r- •lat-tnrfit liiat tli** • 

Tru»ti-r!i, in IT.'j'J, ■• fatln-r etiB-.tj-tl to l«^ •••n»ii 
rf<|Uirini; any other duly from *' thr iil'raiMit* l»»a 
of " coliductlli;; vi«itor» ovrr I hr- huildllii^ ; ' atid I 
aliMi humour in the n«.t»iiiit ol tl."* Iir«t • atalo^tjf , i. 

i:m7. 

Tlu' l.'*'IIIJ»l!tn» M^'lll l*» ti*».- »»l'<j>l«-.| *• I*,- : J-«:f- 
thii i-utalotflliT »lio li»>ll« IoJ'MkI ().• till't'*!;' '• •'** 
ttli'tnturr rrUor Tif /,.•...<..(. /'..>ii';.i( ajv' .W'"'""« ut>Ut 

• {M'artt witti fi<> im|vrtiiiri)t ••-«*|4i*'i*fn *• !•• lh» *'ili: 
lH<wilili<r t)l"llUH<lt>'a allh t:ii lil>v ■liltll. t>><'>« )~la< 
VVilliiiin IbflliMi mIio mrolo •K»ii>*t M*k"in«>Ur>i«m m l< 
till' WillinMi lt«<lli>- hIio ■•<ir>' itny ttu- 1i«m <il l'.>.tii«t> r 
in H1H(); nml ii.-liio\«i itiKir cft>«niiiij ii\"rr b\ . •l»lofuin,'lh< 
tlir«M> tlioumtwl ( i\il \V»r tra>'t« •! • •Ir-'H- iii*U» " Ai.,;! 
■■ « l«rKi< loll^-tmii "f |»>iin'til<'t» Th» |»Kti'<n • 
l>y Sir HiMiry Klli« li»« l«'ii •.■t.-r.-ly mlirifc'<l It •»• • 
iliifi>rtiiliiiti< tlint ;»i>(.>i /-i.;i. u. •Iw.tiM liat.' \»u Itrml^ 
Koiiivaleiit i>( •-i^.'i./.., .(A..i '.», >imI Kiiun ii-I l':iif •• 
iiii«taki>n for Kiiiaiiiifl Kiii^ '"f H'>tlujr«l 

It i« iinntM-i'^-arv to follow Dr. •>nrn<-tl thfou 
whoh- .-torv of the prititiii',; of the rat»l'»',;u»' ; he t*-! 
coiu'iselv n» to ilefv tliey/iv,-i» »rit»'r. Th' in«»-l inlr 
feature ot it is the picture whi-h it etiabli-* U« t 
ours«-lves of what would lia\e hap|>eli<-<l if th«" in: 
had not U-f-n printeil. .\f tlie time when thr «"i 
Iwgun there wer<' ;;,<KM) volume- of m:»n!;««ri|>t rai 
ill the reading room, anil it wa.- coinputr.! thai 
would l>e :5,(MM» bv the time tlmt the in. or|«>nilion 
general and supplementarv catalogue* wn.- compM' 
:i,(MM) wn.« the exact iiumlx-r that tlir rending r<»>in 
hold. Hut it would Iw neces-ary ( xioner or later, 
many cn.-e>. immiilintely) to break up ea- h »olun 
diviiie it intnthriH- — with the result that an enortmi 
incren.«ing nuinoer of .beive* in the ri'l»»rrnr»- 
would have bail to lie encronchwl upon. By ti.e 
duction of the jirint*-"! catalog'""'' "I*'"* h«* U 
e«-onomi/ed that there is now room for '•tlir»"^ r^' 
accumulations at the present annual rate of incrra- 

( Ither l>ook«. how«>ver. l>»>«id»^ • alalogu*^. in< n- 
multiplv, and the difficulty of stonng the «<•«-.•-. i. 
at one time ("♦•riou* at the Museum. I»r. ttarne 
well known, solvi**! the problem by the introilui tioii 
slidini: I'n-iis, inventcl by Dr. Tyler, the founder 
Hethnal <ir«-en i.ibmry. .\s modeN of this a|>plini 
shown in the Museum, it i< unne<-e-«ary to de- 
hen*; but it is interesting to set* what it ha** dor 
can do. to n*lie\e pressure. When the pre»*e» wer. 
duc«*d things had conie to »uch a jn.— that, ti^-forc 
would have U'en n«'ci*«sarv to " chooM* Ivtweon ai 



8S 



LITERATURE. 



[J, 



abrr of k^«a)i« ih tltv fTval Kiii|;'» Library xidi'd to th* 

3r of tba Nt^ Library, withoat tAkin^ in aiiothar *quarp 
sTvuMti. KieliMliiti; brvspappra, (wrioiliual*. OrieuUl 
U<>1(» oUMTOiaA |«u«iilr<l (lu- aiul lra<-t* k<»uiiil in loinill**, aii<l 
aMumin^ an anniikl atiiliiion •'( W.OOH ruluiiim of otlx-r (li>»>-ri|>- 
ticwa, Uil* |'rt>rM(r« (of twi<nly-t<iro vtwn. 

TTu* is Miti-fiiitory ; kikI the furtlier nnDouno«-in«»nt, 
in ■ Wtnotr. timt thi* rnjjini^ni of the Btwrnl of Works 
have n-jmrlMl lh«t tli«« Kluitn{; prrss ^yI't«•In c«n be oafely 
rstroiitti to tlif p»llfri»vi in morf sHtibfnotory still. It 
iiM«n!< that lioitifthinp like Imlf a t-entury will jmss K-fon* 
thr»|U«^tion of «|tii('e«ill apiiin Un-onie urj^nt in thelibniry. 
It fhouUi U- mhlinl that by no means all of I>r. 
liametts K>says are of this strict ly jirof«'ssional rhamcter. 
tethers are tribut«'s to the memories of the more celebrateil 
of liin a>i«viates nnd imilefensors in the work of the library — 
Sir Anthony I'anizxi. Sir Wwnni lionfl, and John Winter 
Jones; others, such an the iiajK-rs on " I'ara^uiiyiui and 
Arpintine Biblioj;nijihy," and " The Karly Italian Book 
Tnule." atVord it;;ree«ble dis|ilays of tiie |iartirular kind of 
c-ruditiuu for uhich the author haji always been remarkable 
even amun^ librahanK. They are so written that it ix 
not neoeKnary to be a i<{ie«-iaJist in onler to read them with 
a lively pleasure. 

A FRENCHMAN ON THE SEVEN YEARS WAR. 



La Guerre de Sept Ana. Vol. I.. 17."itWi8. Pm- Richard 
Waddinston. I'm-. INH. Flrmin-Didot. 

fBy r. W. r. OMAN ] 

In 1890 M. Wmldinf^ton publixhed a volume on the 
*" I>iplumatic Uevolution" of IT-O.'), or, a* our neifjhbours 
call it, the Hruf^-nrtiifiil lUs Ali'uuiCfx. He now carriei* 
on hif story for thre«« years more, and deals no longer with 
iiie di|ilomati<- intri<;ues of Kaunitz and .Mme. de 
romiMulour, but with their «)n.se<]Uence, the Seven Years 
War. Apjiarently he will oc'OHi>y some three volumes with 
ill* annals, as his |ire>«'nt publication. " I^es Debuts," as he 
callii it, deals with somewhat less tliaD three years out of 
the iieven. It covers I'ima ami I'rai;ue, Colin. Hosslmc-li, 
mkI l^euthen, but diN>s not reach so far as (.'refeldt or the 
(all uf Ix>uisliour^, ending; in F'ebruary, 17.58. 

As thow alrewiy Hc<|uainte4i with M. Wiuldington's 
»ork will have anticijiated, the l>ook is a thorough and 
•oImI piece of work, utilizing a very <-onsiderable amount 
of unpublished matter. It is s|)eciaily interesting to the 
Knglish refldfr, l>ecjiiise the author has made great use of 
our own ICecoid Ofhce, where so mui-h ini]iortant diplo- 
matic matter still Hex unprinteil. We <-ould readily s|iHre 
miiK- of the early metlieval and Tudor d<H'uments that 
ovell the dhelves of the Calendar of State |ia|ers in 
iwtum for a few vfihimes of eighteenth-century material. 
French writ»Ts of late years have so often neglected English 
UMterial and thrown tlietnselve«< so much on to (lerman 
«<urce4< that it is a comfort to find one who has conxcien- 
tioiinly got U|> our side of th<- case. 

The attraction of the |iersouality of Fre<ierick the 
tirent hao l>e<-n so |>o»'erful U> all writers on the Seven VearK 
War, from Carlyle onwanis, that the side issues of the 
••nflict have often iieen neglected. We are, therefore, 



o\*er in the mont inac1e(|aate fashion, 
rtates and develops with great clearness t 
of the French ]iotiition — vIe., that the 
Kingdom of Ixjuis XV., large as they 
()nate to maintain at once a fin<t*cla8i« ■ 
war with Britain and an e<|ually ex)ieii 
the interior of (lerroany. In 1",5" Fn 
jM-rnte attem]it to hold the North Atl 
Knglish fle<'t, and it wb« her jiartial succ 
taking which ruine<i the (iriit attempt uf \v 
Canada, (►wing tt> the lucky junction 
Toulon s<|uadrons ofl' Nova Scotia (a junc 
ca)iable Knglish admiral would have jire' 
la Motte had in May-.Iune-.Iuly, IT.'i" 
I>ouisl>ourg eighteen shi|>s of the line 
Admiral IIoll>orne, who had sixteen twoi 
and four frigates, refused to tight the 
that he could not guarantee the safety 
carrying I^ml Ixiudon's army of invas; 
strong. While lie was engaged, the enei 
fall ujion the convoy and make havw of 
way the two commanders agreed to th; 
j>rise ; I»udon's tro<i|>s were landed at I 
Kngland, while Holborne's ships went 1 
jileiuled that his crews were decimated 
iiis vessels much trie<l by storms; but tl 
e<|ually Iwul plight. I)e la !\I<itte had 
three months, and landed the frightful 
sick at Brest when he returned to Eun 
that the French " fleet in being," so Ion 
jKisition t<) keeji the sea, rendered the 
I/<mdon's army im{^iossible. But it was ob 
<iuty to place the transjiorts in safety at 
to go out and fight l)e la Motte. Tin 
shelter in Ix)uisbourg, but he could not 
for ever, and if English admirals in \'i 
half the endurance and resource wliicl 
showed forty years later in the Hevn 
blrn-kade would have l)een established 
comjielled to tight or starve. The fact 
execution had not yet taught English nav; 
lesson which it ha<l been intended to in 
and they still showe<i a culjiable slacknei 
or slightly siijierior forces. 

The details of the o]>erations of Fr 
enemies on the main theatre of war ii 
that there is comparatively little new m; 
to the actual chronicle of marches and < 
Waddington tells his story with great 
s|iicuous fairness, though his battle-pict 
able to comjiete in force and iiictures<]Uf 
Carlyle. His style is clear, but neve 
animation it |>ossesses is drawn niainlj 
from un])ublished French military dif 
letters, of which he had succeeded in <i 
sidemble bulk. One of the ]ioints whici 
the alwurd organization of the F'rencli 
war; the commanders-in-chief were (i 
unnecessary generals an<l marshals, for 



Julj 29, 1899.] 



LITFKATIKE. 



not on iliity hunt; "^x-'il thn »it«fr wKh7»" fwrtlnttn i»'-rn|«»lioii. 
Thiiir joulnimy of nnti othur, thmr |«fr|wtiial liarkhitinif, tJwtr 
rtrnl prnttiiiiiinnii, tlinir hi^h livint.'. •fxl thaiii mooatiuua ili'iiMiiMU 
for i)t'ivHt<i triii»i|M>rt nxri< iha ilm|Mlir of t)Mi i ••ir.iii*iMl«r lit 
<;hi<it kiul till' mill of ttiK Miililitif •|*iril of tl>« *iil>alt<iMi ollmrs 
»lid lh« ittlik itiiil lilti. A Kri'iiiTi roiiiicil ul-ttar %>■• * soit of 
ln'i'N|H)llnibtt< (Ifiliutlli;^ H'>«-|i>ty- 

W** riiiiy I'oiicluili* iiiir n-vii-w of lliin ••xii-lli-nl Umk 
liy fxtriutiiit,' from it n Mtua, imkiiowii, »#■ tliink, U> 

Kuf^linli rxHilfrx, wliicli rflrlirulr<t tlic iiI1|i«T««-mI<>|| of 
d'HHtm^x liy thnl fninoiii old i-on*, i\tr l»iir il>' llirlirlirit, 
Ircwti Iroiii his chenp j,'!!!!!*--" nl MiiKirm : 

Nodi ihiiiimaiii ilotm k<'||i<i-bii\, iini tonn ilrtia mml inaitu Iiaiix, 

V'oilit U muH'iiitilniK'ai '. 

I. nil (III Main I'm favoii, «t I'liiitrr lUt l.oiaa : 

V'oilit lit ilitritniirtt ' 

Qxw (Hiiir iMi\ liana Im rMiiilinta In ^l>>in< n tiHij.itii* ■) »)>)>»*. 

Ii'lin rontro Ion nnnoiinii, IniitrK <'oiitrt> Imi nmria ' 

D'rtl'fi litili* It iiotii' rui toiiR lioiK »•< ii>nt I* I'-i - 

A <'vtht>re I'lin Iti m-it, nt I'ltulrt' «iii lo W Hwii . 

I)»n>> I'liintoiii' I'oii vi'iiii liw iioiiiii ilti ifK luron-l^ : 

Voitu In ritmioinMiinro ' 

IMiiiii ila !■« oil on y ilii.i I'liii iln I'ltiitit' roo^'int : 

Voilii lit ilifl'i'r«'ii<-o ' 



A WELCOME REVISION. 

The Life of Nelson. My OftpUiin A. T. Mahan. 

SfoniMl hUlilioii H<-viH«'<l. .S', . thn., xvi. ■ 7«H i>|i. I.<>iii|mii. ]y*»>. 

Sampson Low. 12 6 n. 

It in miitt«>r of ron^mtiilutirrti to im to fiiKl tlmt tlii» iin|H>rtniit 
and wiiliily-miil l«>iik oti so |i<<rinitnoiit a topic nx tlu' I.ifp of 
Nolnoii liim U'lm altori'd for th<> U'ttor in (■iiii'i.'.|iiiTiro <>f mir 
articloR oil New .NrUoii Mitnii»riptH, pulilinlmltiotwion Ki>l rnnn' 
iind Miiy, IfRW. It i« ninttrr of n-piot that tin- nlt'Tntii'iii in 
Moiiio i-ii!«iii ilo not j;o f.ir oiionj;h. whili' in olhiT ramii their ixt<>nt 
in hnnlly nrknowli-ilj;!!)! in thi' pnifiwo to thf (i<><'on<l o'lition Tin. 
nilthor nithor tripn to niaku out thnt thi' iniiin ilitlcr.'if.- Utwit-n nn 
tnnm on tlm i|m'»tion of thr nfttn'tion of NcUoii i'>r hm wifr. iitnl 
th»t wi' liRVo ini^iiniliMKtootl him. .XiM-ordirif; to hi» own iti count, 
he wtiil not that Nelson iliti not lovn hm wifo tomlrrly at innrriit|;i', 
lUiil for ycitrn afterwnnU, hut only that he i!nl not iilcitii/.t' her. 
In rt<»lity he saiil iiioro, itlnl now ro|M<ittf< it. H>' n.ti'l. ami viy«, 
th»t Ni'luonN lovo lot Ills wife wan imvcr arihuit, aiiil tlmt lii« 
long nluwnci' from ITil.l to K'.C |.rolMhly .li<< to dcutli .m atf.s-tion 
which owimI what Inngnid life it rntiiintxl chieHv to piopin<|iiity 
and ciiMtom. Itoth stutoiniMitM «n> < ontrailictisl l.v tiii»t- 
worthy rvidciicos. The trustworthy evidences i.f Nels..n's lir^t 
itfToction for his wife are not his litters to her, »s ^art>l«l hy 
I'larke and Mc.Vrthur, hut his letters to his uncle ."siicklin;;. 
NoUon loved his wife aidently pnoiij;h to miirry her hk a poor 
man, acceptinj; an nllownnco not only from her niicle Herlx^rt, 
but from his uncle Siukling. to whom he mid, " Pon't dis.tppoint 
me, or my heart will lu-enk " .Aiiain. it in clear from his lntten> 
to hor from IT'.M to 17W, as piihlisheil l>y us, that in these veam 
bin lovo was as ardent as ever, and cannot h<> descriheil ns hnvin;; 
a lanpiid life, iloiie to death hy ahseiici-. We aj^^e with t'nptam 
Mahan that there is '• love and love '" Hut what hi' does not 
seem to see, in Nelson's cn.so, is tlmt one is the rational passion, 
projxir lictwcen hushand and wife, ami sntiiciontly e\pri's.s»>d in 
Nelson's letters, at any rate up to the (tattle of the Nile, while 
the other is the irrational |>«ssion of a man for hiii niistr>'s», 
«xpreMod lid iiniixriiiii in Nelson's .sul>»'auent lett«'rs to l^tdy 
Hnmilton. We repret thnt Captnin Mahan has not s,s.ii his w.iy 



hiatoriial finimlslim., Irf tU-miin; Xhmi >•.'»/(< .- .• 
until h« fvll iitHWr th^ iiif.<imttr» ut \Mi\y HamdKjr. •. 
th«n (h«i 1 i j rr » i»|*/fwlwtu?» h^«r«it hiwt.*tMl ftt>l m%%c «•• 
• •iialv k«^i( u|> lhr<-<i|l>«ul tk« y*n X'.'M bivI |Mif •! 
Nnlwifr with l)i» Hauiiltolt*. Uiviaii si \ krnvnitl. i/i 
KnKlaml III >iotaiiiliKT, l<ni, I.mIjt >>l*ut, m%i\mi ■ .- 
hi* fatlwr in I.oihIi« t'> Nrlaoti • ■•n %i»h tkat 
••^•ratl''ti of hutlwiwl aImI aita at iW <ia|rtt<ni>>|r of IMII 
Anal Irtter wwa «<Ulr««w<al Ui Ixir, »•'( «i> Of <tl> •' 
Itth "f March at Iha ni'xnefil of atArttai; for t .,|B«>|ta^ 
that ahx mrnlm In him lhr*« iMto* iii that «>«' U 
which. .Ulr.l \,y hsr " IWx- IIHli . |Mli|, . ntilatMd Ila 
ap]«>al, " !><>. my lUar tiual'a'.d, lal •!« lite Xnf^hm 
Nelaoii ap|«ttrs in a iixxl amiat-lr IikM (r<iaa brvt I 
Im-otnra iii«.at lfiii»>rta«i' l>, r>. "taaKU^r b»r laamnl iiK 
|N)int. aa <'a|iiAift Mahaii lta« ni«« ihitta., to f f i n aaijityt 

articles III li|« ftrst Mllllotl li« hid lUfafOMMl titat .luf 

ami IMII Ni'Uxii l^katiM- ••> rinniaa m •tiling to M* aifa 
Im^i-uimc aa<hlefi<*«l h) his silrtv-*. , mhrnt^^*. in hta Mwatvl 
he flow admits this iiii*lali<> ii> hu tr«t mIi|i<i*i. ■ 
n'|»-atMl till' old erTiir thai I.*>It Nrtoiti |a.rf>a>«a4t 
from imx'titi); her hnslainl al ^armo.ith . «)irr*a« -.u K 
etlltoin h«< aihiiila that th«*T iii«H in \^j%^\»tf\ l.t %rlai 
wish l.aatly. while m- r'-K^rt th<l hr *till •lal.-a \r\». 
Intt'-r to hii mfe ari<ii;;ly, wa ar» i,'la>l (hat in H^ t.^rt 
he refers to ImhIv Nel*<iii« ihn.s' Utlnt* t«> h«« h'T< 
IWI. thi>iii;h he iiii|>ht. ("-rhajM. ham r-t'TTssI hi* i- 
th(* te\t ot th«<ae h'tleis t" our numl«T *A Afifii '. 
The iiiiiKirtaiiCi' of thi*c alt-ratioiM i* tw.<#"H •»!. t". I 

ing of Nlls<ili AIkI his wife III I.<iIhI<>II in NoTBWllWT. |K 

ri'lations tnm out to hate Ixsn more amirafile lh«<i ha* 
Ix-on siip|>>scd . anit we fin<l that a(t«r the ■• {«>rwli"t>. «' 
plai-i' eirlv in IHOI, l^uty Nel**iii lutfh- m«>*l aiixicni* aj 
re<-oficilinti"n, which Nelaoii refii**'! . wlur*** it Ka* 
U'eii ■ssuiiii.<l — we do not say hy 'aiitain .Mal'^n Iful 
I.ady Nels.n wh" r- fiiM-*! t" In- lanutrilisl. 

The acifiunt of the attitu<le of 'N»l*,.n'« family l" 
after his se|«ration i* al*o corrrcteal m l'a|tiin Malv>u' 
islition. in con-e ,tiei>. e of our arto les In the fir>t ad 
tind the alwoliite statemint that Nelson's tlienili'-n f 
wife ■• was shnnd hy iiio«t of hi* family, e^i^.* h» fathi 
the se<-o||il islitioii, on jstce 4.VJ, wo ("iimI lie lUtlr wofl ' 
ilitri><liir.sl h.f.Ti ■■ shat.sl." a* a somewliat prwlsiiii: •• 
of our pro'f that Nelson's •inters j>res..nr<sl tlve-r friet«.>« 
his wife till the fnthir* death, more than a year aftvr 
alienation fr.^m hi-r. \i;ain. in tl.4' hrst edttioti, 
.Mahan said that tin- latluT. who did n<.t shar^ in tJn- al 
from I.ady Nels<in. never aipiit c d in th- arTaiii,'<'t 
which Nelson Kent to live with th4> Hanultou* . ai 
too, in lan);u.iKe which >-oald only iitean that lh« 
iH'Ver visit4'<l Nelson on<l tjw Hamillott* at Mrrtoi 
in t<oniws|iifnee of our mtieiant tin ( a|4am Mattaa • I 
has altensl the whole |«*<at;e in hi" *»<»l>il tslilion, i 
admits tlmt (he fatlier visited Mertoii in \..venil«-i 
t'onsiderini: the s»rious rhar»4't*-r of llie crisis m Nri^iti' 
life, and tile intimate /<of.M, conspit nooaly •li'l •'•■m 
exeinpliliisl thrt>ii|;h'>ut in the relations of Nelaon aith hi< 
«e felt (hat it wvi a seriona thitii; for t'aptsin Mahan to 
(he cnn'less reader inti> siipisiainK th»t (l>e (atlwr >lit>i 
jfivttii; coiinli-tiainf to his son after Ins ss^^iat' n from "■ 
The truth als'Ut the N>l*en family is that Nrl«.-n ■ fat' 
the frieml of f«oth ptrties, ami Nelac.n • sist^T* lir**! th* 
of h >th partiea, aa loit|; a« the f^tiier waa alive. Sei*'Wi • 



!»0 



LITERATURE. 



[J 



«)(bi>r tnwlvurthr iU>ciitiieiiU : btit «ra tlo me«ii Uiat l>« (ail<><l t« 
•aipttaaijv Uirn> in t-xtntnMiislin tion Ui Uir untiiiktwortliy Vfraiiin* 
(>f Clarkv Kittl Mt-Anluir (>ih< incUnce i« iiu|>|>li<«l \>y Uip point 
mlwut NoUon'* (attior. vlitiM tuit to Mcrtoii i* ineiitiomxl 
\'y Nio>l*>. an*! )>t I't^tiin^**- ^V«< txiinlMl out twu otliar 
ib«Uui^-«« of thi* fsult in tiio lir«t «><liti<iii, rniii i;r« g\iu\ to 
•** tlukt Captain Maliaii »il<>iitly admits tlm juatioe of our 
i-riti>-i<ni« hx corrvK-ting lii* mmtakua. In t)io lint toHtion, 
aftrr quoting: a |>aaBa||« from a l<'tt<<r of Nflaon to th«> 
I>uka of (.'larMtci*, aa i;i«-i>ii iij Clarki' ami MrArthiir. 
n)<out tlie >'Tvndi iMo of r*<) liot iihot at Toulon, Captain 
Mahau complaineii of Nirolaa for omittiu); |>art of tlio 
|«aaac« : wliiToaa. aa «<• pointed out, in the only aiito)nitpli 
ol th<' Utter accaaaililt- to Nu-olaa, tlu> |>oint omitt6<l l>y him iloiw 
not occur. In tiie h-cond <-<lition. Captain Mnhan haa wisely 
n.ppre — t d tilt* c-riticiam of Nioolaa. Si<condly. ilec<>ivi'<l by 
Clarke aixl MrArthur. Captain Mahau in hia first tKlition, 
rppeat»>l their (tatcment that when Nelson finally roturnod with 
ti'.e Hamilton* frsmi Malta to PaliTmo at the end of May, IKOO. 
Trouhnd)^ remonatrat*-*). \Vc |>ointad out Umt Clarke and 
McArthur were nimply ini«rx-portin)j the Nelaon Papera, 
aroorling to their wont : and we are now ):la<l to see that 
Captain Malian ha« ii<ippn«a<<<1 the {■atsa^'e in hit second f>dition, 
and with it withdrawn the imputation that Nelson's n-tirfiiient 
(row Malta wa« due to infatuation for Lady Hamilton mthcr 
than to illneas. This is a great point gainc<t Nelson was not 
shanimio); like a schoolboy. 

In all these ways we have bet-n able to help Cuptain Mahan 
to rorrert his valuable and |Ki|uliir look. Kveii now. however, 
we doubt wliether he <|uitfl apprwiates the imiiiensc ilitference 
betwp<>n authorities in history. Although the infidelity of Clarke 
and Mc.\rtliur is a kin<l of Nelsonian commonplace, he still 
quotes their rersions of Nelsoniuii <l<«uments, nnd even follows 
them literally. When 8t. Vim-ent. writiiin to Nelson in 1831, 
aa\-«, " lie assureil, my dear lor<l, that every public net of your 
life has Iwen the subject of my otlmiration," Captain Miilmn 
italicize* the word " jxibli- ," and says " These suggestive itulica 
are in the lett<T as |>rinted by Clarke and Mc.\rthur and repro- 
iluced by Nicolas." Kut italics from such a source as Clarke 
•n<l McArthur, who italicized any word <i</ Hbittnit. iire worthli-SB, 
nntil aomeloly can priHliice the nufo(jraph of St. N'incent's 
|ett«r. No document on the authority of Clarke nnd McArthur 
alone and without corroboration should ever appear in a Life of 
Nelson. Nr>r will a completely sntisfact^^ry m-count of his public 
and |<rirate actions Im- written until there is a more thorough 
collection, classification, and criticism of niaterinls. 



TEACHING THE TEACHER. 



Common Sense in Education and Teaching: : An 
IiiIiimIiii tion to I'lwtio-. By P. A. Bamett. ~i ■ .")in.. ix. • 
'.tlX pp. I>i>ndon. iwi*. Longmans. 6- 

Tlio Bcienre of education is still so far from IxMiig an exact 
acietice that it it im|KMaible for any one, however w ide his exiHTi- 
•oceaiMl however en<-yclopir<lic hislcnowletlge, towritoof itwithoiit 
arousing th« comtiative inatincta of his reuilers, whenever he cuts 
hiros<>lf a4lrift from the safe l>ase •■( platitude. The usefulness of 
such writers, in short, lies rather in stimulating thought than 
in c«tablishing conclusions whiih an- likely to Iw ac< epted by 
any considerable oonsenaus of opinion. Then- certainly is much 
food for |>rofatable reflection in Mr. iiarnetl's uxbaiistive and 



ami " faildiam," Ho admit* cor|K>ral pun 

Verse, holding that the latter cultivates ( 
former assists bad boya t4> riau on st«|i|>iiig 
selves to higher things. Kut he wants the a 
learnt scientifically, and languagtw U^ be lean 
a strange inversion of the usual order of i 
■eeins to us tliat he fails t«> make out his case 
Aa reganls the teaching of the t«ach 
argnment, in the main, follows obvious lines 

The butcher, the lutker. the camllestic 
ducttnl timler 8U|M>rviaion into the practic( 
crafts, and they must all be the Uittor 
iiractice of trnining them for their work wo< 
iM<en discontinued. The work of l«aching ii 
can 1m« uiidertHken by any one " duiiipe<] 
of life without pre|)aration. 

This, no doubt, contains a certain amo 
there is a serious flaw in the analogy. The 
raw material is metal or earthenware, and 
of it may ri>as<>iiably be set aside for him 
ing to make candlesticks. The teacher' 
the human l>oy ; anil you cannot very 
batch of human Iwys f<ir tiros to tea4'l 
that they may learn how to teach other 
wnnls. Yet, iinloHs thia l>e done, tlio train 
will hanlly amount to the proTerbial row o 
therefore, to ti-acli the teacher by " dumpi 
school where, with senior colleagues willin 
advice, and a hea<lmast«r |>opping in to his I 
moments, he will soon either loam what ther 
realise that he has mistaken his vocation, 
case, do a i/iiniiiiiiiii of harm to his pupils. I 
is the system that prevailed long l>eforo e( 
came to the front. 

In the matt<-r of the t^'aching of foreign i 
nett inclines to what ia known lis the " Un 
adopts the statement in n report of an Amori 
" a mistaken iflea of thoroughness may cans 
valuable time " : and for the avoidance of 
lays down the following " golden rules " : — 

(1) Avoid translution as much as possib! 
talk iind then free composition, however cluiii 

(2) Tea<'h by means of the sentence, 
wanted, let it bo seen in several sentences, a) 
ferrod, not conimuiiicat«!<l by label. 

(3) Provide an obje<'t where you can, am 
picture where you cannot, in all that you toai 

(4) Put oir syntax till a substantial 1 
speech has been learnt, anil then have the chi 

These " golden rules " roughly formula 
ci'ss by which a child aixjuires its own lan{ 
fon>ign language if it happens to live iiniii 
it by no means follows tliat the rules ui 
schoolroom. There the conilitions ore vc 
can only " pick up "a language whore yoi 
continuous ; and even then, as one si-es fror 
Indian children who liavo " pickeil up" Him 
su|>criicial intelligence who have lieen to sch 
language is very apt to be forgotten ns s 
ceas<-s. On the other hand, the language that 
painfully Icanit is generally remeinlM-reil, fi 
that one knows it more or loss as a whole, 
|Kitch of miscellaneous infuriiiation. The avuri 
remembers his classics far better than the av 
memliers the Gertnan she has pickeil up di 



I %«- 



July 2'J, Ib'j'J.] 



LITKKATlKi:. 



int«ri<Ht un<l miiiixtliiii); to iiialriii:t Imu , tli -Ut;!! it eaiinot ba 
•ocuptwl urn thu lu»t W'ltil >'li all tlm Iii4iiy •iirijiots wttli aliiih 
It (I.bIi.. 

RECENT VERSE -II. 

.«. , .-_ 

Tilt) iiiniit i>|.vioii< tiling; aUmt Kniir.ir Ni»r».«, l>y Ku^ine 
ami Aiiiiin I.iHi-l(iiiiiilliiiMltr»iit ltt<'liur<U. ;ia Ikl.), ia t)iat Mi 
unci Mrn. Hamilton lutn triHti ,iiiil lnnU, aiul lovn lan-try, t'*', 
uiiil that tlii'y [k imiKiiii a unix'dil ^i't of tntMi Tln' two U«t-'« aro 
uiiitinl ill llii'ir IxMik, ttlilrli la I'viilnitly thi^ r<«iill iinil tlxi ri'<-<ir<l 
of <li'li;;lill'iil limira aiMnit in tlio |>iii<'«t |>li<ai>iiiiii ktiimii to liiiiuoii 
natiiri'. It Inm not a fuUi' notn in It from the lirat |uf{<' to 
thii l.mt T)ii< titli' ia atiictly a|<|ilicaMn to only a littln iiiorn 
than hiilf of it, tlioti^li it it iiiu< li th« niorii ini|>ortant lu«lf 
It i* in thi> wikmIk, if BiiyuliKrt'. tlint Mr. an<l Mrn Maiiillton 
»r« |M)iit». 'riii'ii |H)ittiy, liowovnr, ovini!*'* llin «yii>|wth"ti<' atul 
rtvt'iitivc, riitlur timn ttu' i'ii<ntiv« fmiilty What tlicy nay la 
all tniti and plxaiiini;. Imt it in nxitlmr ■Iront; KiioUKh nor nnw 
finoiigh to iiiakii iiny ^ri<»t iiiipri'itiilon W<< i;ivii on« or two 
lipooiinona of tlu'ir work iit ita iM'at. 

Swi'Ot iiro tlio wooiIh, wlinm iinaiHii hlackliirdu llulc. 
Anil mmlxtaina llinik tln' hollow iliill ami iniit" 

\Vlii'ri> till' |M>ol hiiMnU : 
Whoro fhuriiii-<l dorea old liilliiliii<ii utill cr>Min. 
\Vhile ailmiOK lii<a within thu arui.a of noon , 

Swuot ui'K thii ho'hIk. 

Tim imminiM-'ii joy onwrviithi'jt tl»' lirow of iljy : 
Tlio quivoriii); niyn alKXit Iiih trii!'* 'h Iny 

Tlidir linjjorn coy ; 
And «<«ch lumr trunk liri'aki forth in joc-und l&ivo.-i. 
For now till' Sun in at IiIh loom uiid HraM'-a 

The HUliiiiior'n joy. 

Thin id l>y Mrs. Li'o-Hamiltun. Tho fullowing tonn it l>y Iut 
husbtind : 

I'mU'r tho Winter, dojir. 

Siimiiinr'n noto liuth ; 
If it In> MWi'ot to honr, 
SonR iii'Vir dioth. 

Soon in tho fori at, lom. 

lln«'Zo!i nhall Iwar it : 
Tliore in the l«)ii>;h aliov.', 

I.o, thou ihalt lirar it. 

Wo add anothor \nvw \>y Mrs. Loo- Hamilton, who apiwam to u» 
to strike ii more intiiiiatc noto than hor hii^dmnd : 

NoH Duyli^ht .-HM-ks a shriiio of .ilwp : 
A youii); moon tloiitJ< on mlvor winj^ii : 
Tho ni)(tit-clioir of tlii' fuii'st iiiii;;a : 

Tho niKhtiiiiinlus thoir vijjil ko<>p. 

A youns moon llout.t on .■<ilvor nin^i : 

Small ili'w-fonts now nro tillinf; ili'«i|> ; 
Tho niiflitinpiloM thoir vi^il kocp. 

Whore hii;h tho wooilhino's con»or s« iii^a. 

Small dowfonis now nr«( lillinx di-op ; 

Tho littlo hnro-hell faintly riii);* ; 

WhiTo hi)*!! the woixlhino'n cona.r flwiii);-. 
About Nicht's altnr whito mist.a rri-)']'. 

Tho littlo hni'O-lioll faintiv rinjj.i ; 

Moonshadotts tliroui;li tho foro.tt swi-op . 

Ahout Nii;ht » nltar whito niistn crot'p : 
Night oolohratos hor holy tliingM. 

In " Michnol KioUr.s"no» piny Ansa Kcivv (Nutt, "■« (kI. ) 
thoro are no pn.isnuios of blank vor.io so tino as tho li<<st in " Tho 
World at .\uotion " ; but thu jioneral lovol of stylo is much tho 
samo, and many "ill oon.tidor tho human iiitorost far irioator 



«ithnca «ht' ti altaiu « f«if .<T«t:, oi >• L'» he.} • '€fttn*n»eii| 
faw iiii«a«ll«iw3«iii« \*»KU%.t, Aijvtk^ I'itn ' .l u at ol aliic;* atf« 
|«u .Su)>i<, • p>a)a( \.. *U it» mnnX», " I'M'j Ikx 1 
<torkl>o<i*« pieluia, aixl " i^-»l AlK.'.i.a • t». ■ v< .< 
ItM U*l in lull . 

O fat, lair Uiui, i«v ■t^\ ta »<aa«. 

To lit) 'ticn sl/Aihil ft-« %c*a«. li-rt 
hwoui liAtntI lt.'j*i of riMl alt 1 o«*0 

TIloy iM-ref aiiflil l)i» l>a|>i<7 U**, 
( > (,>! , lair |:i|wl, kiDjuft i llto a>T«« ' 

Thino Itl.a^n d-'tli fof at<-f I. .AAa 

Our ilraama Willi many a aUan^* autMiika . 
Sw«wl hatrli tt>"U of ro«t alial «i»*o ' 

Til) laon* arc girt w^th »\tr*A\ui t«»ra. 

I'.l'irlial awniiiisf r-'til^t tliov .!<--• 
<) far. lair land. \my.tf\ iKi •c*.a ' 



We I'lig t'> lo«l thy frMratil I* 
1<> aa^u thy Idiio atvl «.ou<llf 



iratil l««>««, 

ll««a akiot 

•'^WIHil hutnll thou ,,f l»«t all«i o«aa ' 

Hut nx'nr our yi^arning d-.th ap[a«i»" 
Thii |;|iiit|aa^ .,( that I'Mt |wra<llM 
O far, fair laiul, iM^frotMl th« i 
Snov't havni thou of rcat atwl 



Tho titlo pi.'O. tif Mr IIukIi Karria'a liItU honk. 
*:«D Oriira f noi.i iio^. ix Vraac (Voung). t* \hm i 
a woman who, aftor murdpTini; hnr hita'wixl with h«r hnr. 
rtifuae* the l>0|in'» |«rilon )«• a<;aw it t\,K- u.i inrltoU hit 
iiitornatiii^ and oi-ll writtmi, but h*r<l!y oriKtnal or j 
onougli to i>rri'»t atta-ntion. A fnw of iha w.-mad'a U 
may lie git en : 

I t<'ll jToii thiTo i« nothinj; I r«|a<i.t . 
My lMt;;n i* tiniahml, I haVo liri^l aii.l ! .rvl 
l*t no on.- d.iiibt It , lyin.' at my l~>t 
Tlio |>aidoii yiol<l«-l to my l>rnth"r'< auit, 
I'urdon lor nm, but im-I lor Ai!i;nb. 
A Hord. ay, but llio iokUIihi; of mr li«*<l. 
And I m.iy hro to i.,id ;ti.d lorm>l aKr, 
Mumbliii;; my | rayor*. untd th» U«t aiUI woaal, 
'Noath «int«T 1 1 ■tid and sunimrr'a biimiox bli^, 
liios »«n«r ii|ion hii i;r»»o I mako my rhoicv, 
I chooao to dm, fot doath with Inm i« lifo, 
And life unloving ia a daily da>«Ui. 

In tho ri-mainin^ piocw* Mr. Karri.- tMna!4(<-< or i 
takini; li^a moiloli from .'^opl.o-lo.. Mnlrm^.T, (atullu*. 
Viri;il, .Martial, I><' Mu-a*-'. and ojImt" Tlio tranalal< 
nioii has roally an im|«'a<ib!« la«k. Imt an hantly tl. 
Karrif j;ots o« noar ns Ik- mijht. Hi« r-iKlnnnj: of t 
chorus t*>) fi-vttk ritv aravrm »->^ \i;^v mia.«a too «o<Dpi.<i 
profound noto of So| ho. '. s his • |«t in lira (<• 1. 
swo«-t. ' nuMot still m.ir.' al«oIiit«lT tlw " vnao of 
human things " th.it mvio T.-nnyM.ii rail < atullos " Xm 
Koman |Ht.-ta ' ; I. is imitation ol Martial • " I ttcst'O 
lilk'lle, Kla%'o," aulwtitiitos .> vul^fmr " lr«»-*i>cl-««*ina 
tho ^ra<^ful spri^'htlinou of tho oriKiual ; an.l how ca< 
tho rharm of !>•• Mii-a-t's aoiHlorful " i(ap|«llo-tui ' -r 
in tho tr.in^lator's haixl may Ikn a-«(i by qootin); two 
linos : 

S<ini(« a moll triat.< aiiioi.r, *.>ni;o a I'ailipa aqprva^^ '. 

I. .liweno' ni lo tompa i.o •. nt rioii .pund on ainx. 
Tant iiuo mon .-.mr batlra, 
Toujoms il to dir» 
Kap|M'llo-|oi. 

Thoro is I*.' Miiasrt who do><a n'>t gain by his ri-rwo b«Hii 
half ; and hero la Mr Karri* aho >lo.e n>4 loao 

Think of all my ht>art s doTotior. think u|><4i our laat i 



9'2 



LITERATURE. 



[Jul 



f i ifc i 0» latlvr. It h only • food e»pr>-i»« in vorw, but ito 
wl—iiuil at mwy lwre lua k<>pt th» mtith<ir'» (tvl<- on a hi|;h«r lervl 
tlMB h* T»«i'>w el«»wh»r«>. Tb»n> mrr hr«i<V>« notiw i>i«<c«>« catllcMi 
"hfric fr\^m tl»r l}rr«t l>irK«» ' whi.h, lihf th.-ir titl««. iir* 
iwiUmt |«rtK-ul»rly altrsc^ivf nor »vry iiilrlli|;ibli« to Rngliiih 
raatWtv; umI t»o •• Ljmc <»iW« " (»i»oth.T rmtlior !<nriTi»inK 
tJll»> •iMrrM.'tt lo S|»in *n<< to OnMt Hritain The linit imU 
tW AmarirMi '• « i«» irf hi» hirtonr ami oUimn «ith iipirit »«m1 
viitour Th» ■•toikI ttnkt* • bighor iM»tp in its »»iH»rtion of 
Kmluh raportoritv in moral* moA {K'titjc* to nirh rival ntOM 
•■ tktu KrotH-h aini th<> Huaaiani. 

TK« (%li<o>l of thf WMt i* th« IiIimmI uf tiw world, 

IH a ninf ImI ■tnwn ront* w* . 

Hut the tit<KHi that U-lli 
(>( our heart*' U'Ct CrlU 

I* thr bloml wr owp to tht«f. 

>V<< otaiMl to |«y wiu'ii the iif<'<I *Iiall comf, 

With tho l>c«l of tho Ktrain wi- ilrww, 
l<Mt the wurld bark back, 
(>n an outworn track. 
To tlio thinir* vou <lara not tlo. 
MiM Klinor Swivtnuui't Paatoralh and <>thek Pokmh (Dt-nt, 
'M 6il.n.)haaall th« adTant«(n« of a beautiful cover, excellonttypc>. 
and (in* paper. The wrae itaelf i«pn>tty raeu|;h, echoing Ko«t«, 
for inataniv, very rliarminjily. but eufpt in one picco it hanlly 
gate Biurh further. Though Mies Hwxetmao l>«a raally nothing 
partioular to «*y, here and ttx-re Khe <'xhil>it« a happy knack of 
■Kpra— ion. The bulk of the book in fiUwl with Uio fight )«atoralii, 
bat tha bast thing in it id a beautiful little " Song of Sappho," 
which it i* a phaa ira to quote : — 

Yf>et«mifcht in »ha<low nnd dream thou eameiit, 
Softly trending gi'«iianior wi-lis of Bliim)>er ; 
White ai> dawii dicl'Kt i-onip to my couch and kiax mo, 
4*Doe ere dei^arting. 

Now from lijia thnu hallowed by thine npM>nreth 
f*re<' thy name in pajwionate Inirnte of munic : 
Flights of Ming (-catatio pursuing vainly 
DreMBs that are vaniahed. 

A* the lark, the voice of thr lowly muxlows, 
Ixtnely circlctli, iwating hi* fruitier wiiigi in 
Light, and heat, and spa<-<-« uf empty haavena, 
ila|itDrc>uK, ruatleaa — 

I am drawn through void upon void elnirive, 
Kver thee iii mazes of nweet remeinbraooe 
Seeking. Ringing yea. though I find thee never, 
JHill muirt I »ing thee, 

Sing an<l oraw- not. O if thy soul be shaken. 
If thrniigh miKt* of April roy |wsKion reach thee, 
Pierce and thrdl, with trcmulotis erics and echoes 
Vexing thy bosom — 

Arise, be quickly rid of thum : como thou hither, 
("otne, like firos of dawn, and like ilrwy lilossom. 
Cove, helored, come, and thene lijis now singing 
Seal again sw(«tly ! 
Tl** Newriigate Priie Poem for the year will certainly rank 
high in the Mrie*. The subject is " Arcadia,'' and Mr. Hutler 
■Miwgwa in a vary »nwll coin|>aKS to gitf us admirably, not only 
Mm trarfitioaal aspiration after An^inn felicity, but the modem 
conviction bom of Christianity that muii lias a higher goal liufore 
him than any Araadian trnm- could siiggnict. It is curious, tr*o, to 
SB* b<>w far away from Po|>e bis couplet can b« made to travel. 
We give Um- ojirniitg lines of the |>ocm : — 

f>h ! for a bn'ath from th«ae calm tiiles of |ioace 
Wherein the ■out tliat fainteth fiiHls mleasa 
Krooi all iIm' toil, tiie |«in, the ntorm, the stress, 
And dim ohseasion of world-wi-iirii»'SS ! 

Ufl.-« £ &I » : I II 



The whole is « moat |>romiaing production, aii« 
be *nr]irised if it proves to be the last or t 
IHM-try »ritt«>n by Mr. Hutler. 

In Klowkkh ok tiik Wind, by CharlotU 
Mathews, 'J». M. i\.), wa find graoeful turns 
little originality of thought. This, for inst 
MaasTield likens life to a river— a favourite dt 
well as with tlioae who writt* words fur music ; 

Life's but a troubled river, flowing 
To gain tliv <K't«n, whose grim 

We float uiK>ti its surface', then are | 
I<i-ariiing its leiuions when, alax 

Life has aliio l>et<n likeiiml to n river by M 
by Clough. Hut how dilfi<runtly 1 

We have only one otiier volume to s|>eal 
Some ways mur>> remarkable tlian any we hf 
SteUion, tliu auUiorenii of In Tuih Oi'u Wo 
is an American, ami lieloiigs, apiNUxmtly, not 
East, but to wliat is generally sup|iusod to b« 
barltarous West. Yut, if she possesses the or 
the " liarliariaii's " privilege, she has none 
vulgarity. If any one is to attempt in verse 
forming morality from a lifeless coiiventio 
principle, one would have i*x|iectod him t^i 
Puritan New Kngland, with its old inheri 
righteouRiicss, than from heterogeneous San F 
would ex|>cct moraU and manners to Im>, I 
mixotl. Hut thia is just what Miss Stetaiin ilo 
is not a failure. She puts tilings in a new 
by Rhoer intensity of insight and dire<-tne* 
sciouKness. Tlic liook is too exolusivoly occi 
no doubt ; but that is an Anglo-.S«xon weak 
and, like everything i-lse, it is juatifuHl when 
book is iliridod into throe sections, calli 
" Woman,'' ami " The March," of which the 
best things. We often disagn-e with the art 
or rvformn advocate)], but there is no mist*kii 
aliout it all. Take, for instance, the following 
protest against a commonplace of convention* 
A Man Mi kt Livr. 
A man must live. We justify 
Low xhift and trick to treason hi| 
A little vote for a little gold 
To a whole wnate bought an^ 
1^ that self-evident reply. 

But is it so ? Pniy tell me why 
Life at such cost you have to buy 
In what religion were you toi 
A man must live '/ 

Tliere are times when a man miiat 
Imagine for a battle-cry. 

From sohliers with a sword U 
From soldiers, with the flag l 
This coward's whine, Uuh liar's li 
A man must live ! 

Wi- have no r<Him to speiik of Miss Stei 
the question of woman's poaition, or of the li 
lirobloms. There is much to disagn-c with 
but lioth show the gift of gifts — personal c 
voice that can utter it. We do not say that 
great poetry, but we do say that it is an origii 
book, one of ,the best kind, the kind tliat r 
think. 



TUF TFTTTnWfl HTTPTRTI 



July 29, 1899.] 



LITKIIATIKH 



birt)i(lttjr fiiuat buiiiR tritii><i| ua a utiMijr in T'\it("n» arc)iir<>lo|ry. 
Manuliai'<lt, uKuin, taki'i llii< |i<>|iuUr »iAtt aiHl i'iainiii<« ttxi 
Otirnmniu |iilk-cQiit<>iiiii, wliirli hv i!<>nni<<-tit in )>is iM<tal vajr witli 
kfCiciiltiirBl litxx. i'lirin;; tli>< litat (nw V"uii ot'irr ItMt't* Ijitb 
upfMiarMl toiiuliini; iixini or Inaa ii|ion itui ••iimi iiittiinr. oim' of 
vrtiii'li (" (inai'liirliU' <l«r IkiiltM^liaii Wnilmac'lit ") m by Vm 
author of tlir l><)ok l>ii(nr>i im. Hut tlir |iriw«tit atudy iiM-liu|a>a 
niaoh mon< tlmii iti titUi i;iv«a irritlit (or. It iiuOuit"* a (•rnful 
KXiiniiiiiitioli iiit<> til* old iiiutlinti ii( iiMnMUiint; tlir yaar amtJiiK 
(inrminic uiul S<'iin<linavinii fMHiple*, ntwl anawnr^ aro W'liKlit tf> 
t)i« following iiuentionn ■ VVhnii itiil t)i>' yi-ur Infill ' How 
wnii it iIivhImI and Imw mtkm' tli« divimoni nani"*! ' Mad Of 
Onriiiiitiiii triho* n l<tii>wliKl);i< n( w>l<tir« ami ••<|iiiii<i\ ' Wiiat 
lnHii<'iu»< liail tliK lliiiiinn oali<ii<lar ii|i<>n t)i" Oi'miatiH- ' Tin* 
dotio, tlio aittlior ttiiiipi to tK** < 'ltrii*lniii*i (rni^t. diM-imM<.« tta 
origin and roiinnxicm witli native I'tilMhrntioni, ami t.>rii>ii« tri^ 
ditinnal (iractiiim wliioli wrri' joimihI witli it. 

Mr. Tillfi flmU^ nroonfj tho ancient <ii>mian« two riio<li<ii of 
(tividinj; llie year : oiio niakin); it rontixt of two M<a»iii«. wintrr 
ond MUiniiiKr ; tlm otiirr of tlir««, )'a4'li i'IhIiiik Kitli a cvrtntii 
flxeil t<'rni, when iliioi ami um^'hh hail to Ui |>iii<I. 1'hit yoar wm 
aIno unhdiviili'il into »ix " tlir"«>-.iooni'liiv ti.leH," winch roiild 
tiunily Imi litti'd in with cithrr inwtlio.l, iix )<«iii^' u niulti|>li< loth 
of two ivnd of thrw, 'I'lm thri'<'HCiiri!-ilay tiiloi w«!n> liulv.d, liil 
one niimi< did duty for hoth IibIvkx ; th" two halvi » wrr>' i!i<- 
tingiiiNhi'd ikfi griottiT or Ihmh, tnirly and lultor, or I'y inniii <n)all 
iniMlilioation in form. The nnin<"> dilfnr in tho varioun (iiTinnnif 
(lintrictH, HO thlH MVNti'm iip|H<iirM to Ui later than tlio twofold und 
thrtMifolil divisions. Hut wn fail to »<« wliy Mi. '1 dh' m'<>.! »n|>- 
poiie it to havi> Imnn horrownl from tho Somiton. Mr. Tdlo 
himxalf lioldn that thr I'lirly ArynnK had a ilxfold <1ivisif>n of 
the your ; ami th<' faol that no otyniology laii U- found for Iho 
tideniiinis i>rovi>.< nothing in that r«»|)«x't. Many of the old-'xt 
words m tho .\ryan lanKiiaijo.i ^;ivo no tracv of Ihoir diTivntmn, 
And tlu' only thing Mr. Tilh- adilnOM in uvidriicK of lii-i Uirrow- 
ing in tlint thu Oothii- Jinlciii reminds him of » Cypriote nanio 
4aii\iof. It miirht remind »onin ono oIhu of JiiIiuN < 'n'xar. Tho 
thing is most piiTiilinK, and ha.s not ynt Ixicn workfxl out. As to 
the twofohl und thrvrfold divi<<ion of tho year. Mr. Tillo «o«ms 
to us to hnvu madii out his point. 1'hi' nrgumont hy which ho 
nocks to proVK that Mnrtinnms ri>pri<.ionts ih<' auricnt (iurni.tuic 
Iwginning of tho year i.t elal>orata and ingenious. NVo admit 
that prolHihility is in its favour, hut we do not yet s«<« our way 
to ikOoeptin<; it without hesitation. The case is othtrwii" with 
the solstices and I'qninoxes. <Hli«r n>;ricnltuml nations, such as 
somii of tho .\nicrican, .ircm to havo known tliiin, and tho 
ancioTit Ton tons n\ay p<^ssil>ly havo known thom t>io. Rut wi> know 
too little of tho Ttnitons to .say detinit< ly, ami what oviihntv 
tliero is points all the othor way. Mr. Title niakos a strong 
point of tho namo for " siULstond," which in tho (!ormanio triU's 
appears to Im' a simplo translation of tuMitn'm, and, mop-over. 
is used oxolusivoly for tho sunimor solntioo. Tlii.«. too. is tho 
meaniu;; of tho Latin word whon u.sed hy itsolf. Tako tho.su 
facta in conjunction with othor ovidoncos of |{<inian intlucnro. in 
the nttmos of tlio months, tho lx();inuing of tho year, tho custom 
of New Year's gifts, ami so forth, and tJio pn'sumption 1 ooonirs 
atrong tliat liotli tho namo and tho knowlodgo of tho thing canio 
from lionie. liroiim, hy tho way, is a contrnction of (■i<tui«ii, 

not of hl'l'iri.U(lllc(. 

Mr. Tillo's sketi-h of tho history of Chiisttnas. how it was 
first institutod, how it wa« oonnoctoil witli Kpiphany. an>l how 
tho Twelve Nights liooamo .snored, is full of mU'ro.st. thoUi:h 
brief. Ho eive-s a clover oxplaiuition of tlie t'hristni.'is tro«'. a.« a 



Maiuttutidt aiul oppna/n k> rwf(%t%\ bw U.c»>r.f« • I 
rtjutXomy It wMihl tw UM^Iiai if at^fliB trtm ««f« l»> . » 
eruup III ai^i'tiliaral rttmUtiam, wttk • ■>!•* • .• • 
.Manidwrttt'* H<il U»> i<>'>k aoet t« )u'>(«il •• «n la<«*4i^'. 
ttis Ucrmuiite ei*l>-e (^r . ai> I a> ittrk tt UsMirifM Kifti | *«. 
'Idia tiaa atiHttail llrfi aulhoflltM rwfy Uxwuu^ttljr ki* 
««|H»-ially |>rtttr|iil t<> him (iir |«intiB( all tmf»ir%Mnl -, «o4a( 
lull Tlxi foot-iiotra kf* ir.»U<l« ul i.»n< »>»l •<• of a> y »tml 
tbi- ri"ulrr ti' cbai k lb* •ri.'ufiMinl a* it g'f^m "U. Thi* t> tti 
a< • •(itAt-la •ine« ni-niy ui l>>c U>>k' •|a>4<Ml ^r^ i..<> |., l« |< 
itfi«l lil>rarine 1 )ir wb-larly way ti> abi b ibr aifaivB 
•billo'l in tb* )><ly .•< Uia tjouk Hvtmuk* uttt <•«. bUl.i 
fin I il<> il>lrl, 

THEOLOOV 

Texta and Siudlmi. t:<l>(»l l<v J. ArtnltAfe Robi 
D.D. Vol v., N.-: ;;. :i. i, .■. , Vol Vl . .\.. i 

Cambiidc* UnlT*r«tty I 

Two of th'i.' v»r".ii« r-i.tr hut ons •••. ih^ *. • r« . f ■ 
and Htiidirsi ■ ilt^l with tho Uxl ••! tb«- >»w T'^lanvi 
V.d V. N.. i. th. t. xt .f thr - c»l«t io-)..»r«i». 
<foS|«'U, now diiositeil at Hi i'Kl«-r«)nir(. is c«r>fu<'i ol 
Mr. Croniii Ihorn >■ imi ri>uM>n to do'iht tltal th • colsi 
a |>art of CimI. .V . whuh «<• |iri>l>alily writtMi at • <f>«ta» 
early in tho ■••*• nth r.-nt'iry In hi» thir^l rliijH«r Vt 
carofiilly lolhols nil tho ■viihtK-. bnuinf • ii th» un! 
nfhnily l>«'tw>'«'n <"..<l V nrd tho (■«<l Koaaanmaia li. T 
MS."-; aro rt-iolly im|><'rtant n« tlirowmi' li/ht on t)»> hi«s 
the toxt, ami tho inlliionoos w.i.oli pf«»li>c»"l VArir.ti'D* 

"I'loniont of Mot.iiidria'n Mihliral T'Xt." rr.'l'**- 
his writin;.-a. is idit-d hy Mr ^|.•rtla^nt ll»iii».-i|. •■( • 
Co||>.|;t< Mr Ihirkilt. in hi« intn^lnrtion. c »m« t!.at 
<'loiiii'nt's pvlihtici- iN-fon- us. •• must n^-.jtnif th 
oarlii>*t t'-xts of the (i<«|— 's ar- •" (unilaniotittllT ' Wr«t. 
ovi-ry citiiiitry of which «■• bar* kmi»l"lr'. < ^^n in } 
This statomont lirars ujo-n a t^'bniotl ili>o.MMi'm which «•- 
pursiM' luro. hut it is cL-ar that tho indio-iiniruto >»•• 
phraso " Wesloni to\t " n a|'t to cii.or r«aj Oii««:>.n<-« 
re»i*'cting tho formation of th«" text of tlm Now Tostanxnl 

A iritical idttion i>f tho t<\l of fUtn-iit's " V"« '•'>' 
Mtiir," also hy Mr M llaniaril. gi»'a 0.-1 a»ion for a ralual 
»pl>arontly romploto skot* h "f tho «ati".u« M^v"* •■1 < U 
writings Tho curious " llymn of tho ."soul." rontaiiml 
Sv riao " .\cts of Tliomas." is i-ditotl hy Ptofiii««T Ilrvan 
eviilontly doriveil from a tinostio »o'irr«. anil from 1 
ovidonco IVofi>s.sor IWvan inclin«>s to the ronc]ii«i-4> tt 
poem omanatos from tho s. hool of Hanl—a n w It« itnf 
is that it giTos u« a view of (!nostici«ra from witbin. " n- 
tissue of fantastic »|'4"''<ilation», but as it >%.• in r»i 
loast to some of Its adhon>nt«, a n«>» relkgino " Tb» p«>r- 
fact, one of thoso raro iru.mont» winch siirrivo to iil 
tlio nature nml ^onius of 1 rriontikl <tnosticism Tlie M.*< 
which tho toxt it c^lit'-tl hrloni:* to tb* library of tb* 
Mnsouin 

Tho most o!.ilM'mto volume of Ui" pc'««iit M<fir« is 
I.ausinc History of I'alladius." hy IV«ii < uthlwrt U<itl«( 
history of Palladiut d>>«it with rarly * hristian m. ita.st4. 
Kgypt. Tho writer, a native of \aia Minor. )«»:>«■ 
towards tho c%>se of the f.nirth centiwy. anil enihraosi lb» 
an orvmit"' in the Nitrian doiwrt I'ltimately h« )><-anM< 
of Holonojiolis, in liithynia, »nd after under ^..jn,- miny 
wrote his ■■ Histori* I..^msi«ci ' in 4J«l I.ik» th- ■ I/rt 



94 



LITERATURE. 



[Ji 



1U» ). strik** ua mm ono of t)i« most valiiabU otntribtitioni that 
ha* hilhrrto bmn ii>a<U to iho im|<nrt*nt Mrii^ ••( wliit-li it forma 
a i«rt^ Ita totM i* t)>r\>u;;hout ailmirahU : ila iliaouuion of 
eoadtcliitK tlM>iri<« i> loriil an<l imi>artial ; ita ini<th<Kl of tr«at- 
■Mfil i* >ira|Ue aiM{ atraii;litfor«rar<l. Profo«M>r St«vena' 
poaitixM. ((viaViii); paitorally, ia that <>f a inoiUratu or cona4>rra- 
tir« >-ritir Ha i», far inatuica, rruloiitly incliiuHl to rai^^nrd thu 
Fourth iic«pel aa Um> work of tha a|>oatla .lohn. whila, uf courao, 
malcini; alli>«-ano0 for a largv " •nbjtH.-tivo ulamont " in the 
tliaomraaa H« alao thinkn himai'lf jtiatiliail in aMuminf; Uie 
eaiiuinvnvM of at la«at t<*n IVulino «pii>tl<*'<. At Uu< aamu time 
l>» cii»|Javs a t-loa« anquaintant'a with tho ar;:iiiii<-ntii of the 
" ra^iioal .-riticiam,'' vhioh an- ni'V«T >-ont«-mpliii>uiily (lixraiaaml. 
In ti'.a prt>fa.->- li« a<-knowlnlc«a a)>«<-ial ohlicHtioiLi to Profoaaoni 
%Vpi»» Kiiil IfJciil.Tvr. hut he oriticiroa rorv juictlv ami fon-ibly 
\\'oi»a' atrani:>* < i<'W tliat thi< M<«*»iaitii- <x)ii>t<|ition» of .leaiia 
w.Ta aubatantialljr i<l«ntical with thoao of hi* Jewish t-<>n- 
t^raporarit* A pood inatancv of IVofoMor SU*vona' i-andour 
will be fottiKi in hia i-hapt4>r on " );<vm1 mm) i>vil apirita. " Hin 
i^ncltuion ia wnrtii quoting : 

That JMua bnlifVMl, an<l in bin tMu-hinc impliwl. that 
thfre art* srcKxi b»in^ <-allc«l ani^la ami ovil bein^a railed 
(ifniona ami Satan I • annot lioubt, but hia lanfiuage concerning 
thetn is popular and not dida<-ti>-. and hia authority ia not 
r.>mmitt««l to tha prevailing idoaa which ohtaimid in rt<);nnl to 
them, although he apoke with n'a|>)v-t t') thia, aa with reaiM-ct 
to all auljecta outaide the ai-ope of his ^iM-cial t«acliin^, in the 
tftnia current in his age. 

The nunwroua quai<ti<>na th:it nriM in treatiiiu of Pnuline 
tb<«ol<>gT are di*cuas4xl with tinifonii calmneHu and cloarne»n. Dr. 
St<-veD*. on the whole, favour* the traditional view of Rom. ix., 
ft. aa arcriliin;: actual IVity t« Christ. The chapter on " .\dani 
and the }ta<« " oontaina an almirable paaaaf^e on tlio connexion 
hft«<'<*n sin and <leatli. We ahould have preferTe<l a somewhat 
fuller iliacusfion of the Pauline doctrine resjioctin); the t'hurch 
Some raaders will regret that tlie vextxl question of theorj^ani/ji- 
ti-m of the Aiostolic Church ia summarily set aside : but 
HoubtleM the treatment of thia |)oint belonga to history nitlier 
tiian to thoolof<7. 

The GoKrF.i. or thk Atonkmkvt. by the Ven. Jamefs M. 
Wi!a<.n (Maniiillaii, I's. B<l.), is a l>ook which deseneH a wide 
circulation among thoughtful people. Archdeacon Wilson has 
ja«t the way of treating mligious questions that is neetlol iit the 
pra>«nt time. He combinea a sincere independence of thought 
with an exn-ptional experience of men and Ixoks, first as the 
headniast«r of a great and «"»t-entinlly •' mcxlern " school, then as 
Ar>hdeacon of Marnhe»t^T and Vicar of Ho. hdale. 

A gocl i>..rt of the first t*.i locture" isdeiot«*<l to .-^ome of the 
l«lief« whiih. as Mr. Wilson jMiints out, have 1 e^-n so mo<Iired 
in our "wii time -the old din-triiie of creation, the nnendJiig- 
iieM of physical torment hereafU'r, tlio im-rrancy as distinct from 
the inspiration of the ItiMe, and the forensic doctrine of the 
Atoi;eiin>nt. I'auiitg t'> the sjks iai subje< t of hii lectures, the 
Atoi.ei:ient. the Arclideacon di-clares that it is tha very nucleus 
• if (.'hristianity It cannot lie ■<hirk('<l or ^lurrp<l over, but it lOn 
be taken in it* true meaning; without the accretions of schoolmen 
awl reform<T». He tnwei the (^'owtli of those later ideas and 
their mi»repn-w-iitation of o-rtnin Oriental images and metaphors. 
Tl»»y are not ortJuMlox. h<? says, not the t<-:ichilig of Christ or 
the Ap'>ftl<-« : th<-y are taintr>d with ditheiam, forunaic, 
tranaactional, aixl even mrtlioI<i;;ical. 

With wliat a'-nw*' of largeii'sa and freedom nml relief do we 
t'lm back from auch a furvev of aft*T-i;r'.Hths an<l look at the 



•splaine<l, anil ita bearing on other aubjat 
(HimiNU** this do<-trino of tho Atonement witi 
movomonta of tiiought, with our inductive 
with our seDM- of tlie solidarity of mankli 
toleranct*. for the Atoiiemoiit moaiia that we 
in Christ. Wo are reverting from I.Atin to ( 
the Im|>erialiBt the<.>rioa of the great law-gii 
of tliose Biibtlur thinkers who laid streaa on tli 
It ia a time of trunaition in which many |ieo| 
yet, in thu opinion of the Archdeacon, ttie in 
to aonie still aavours of revolution, is mon 
more nuxlom, more ortlxKlox aa well aa nii 
<if tho toxt-booka. In his desire to treat his 
aa|M>>.-t, Mr. Wilson has dupriTe«1 ua of much 
said about such siibjucta aa aacritice, pi 
meaning of siK-h mia-uaed wonla aa " advo 
and the like : but to writo of thu Atotien 
Christianity itself, and the iieo<l of goiiui 
enough at thia moment. 

In regarding Dr. Henry Montiigu Hutlc 
Othkk Skkmonh (Matrmillan and liowoa, 
inevitable botwt>en thia volume and that o 
recently r>>viewod in those columns. Ilotli are 
lM>th consist of serniitna mostly preachid Ix 
or in CHtludrals : Isith the authors are the hi 
and rminoiit scholars : neither is an orato 
external accidents thei-o is little resembla 
Italliol pi-eacheil ua a don, the Master of ' 
Imrson. Thu scholarship is l>ehind his sormoi 
they could be undorstooil by an audience of 
they would l>c nppieciateil in a chapel. As v 
not but see how quickly the old faults of th 
are waiiiii;:, for tl.e dry intelloctiiulism wh 
century ago ia now found least where one ii 
Dr. Ktitlur preaches about simple Christiiii 
liahincu and accuracy, but without the podaii 
might apply to the change his own word 
aln-udy in |>art fulfilliil. " If," he s^^ys, " 
thought lieside that Cradle -" 

Would not our laws long since hii 
ailminist4!ied with far inoi-e regard to fl 
and the weak ? Above all, would not ou 
and most gracious institution in our land, 
and never more than now, the darling of t 
symliol of justice and brotherly sympat 
{M>ace and of all morality, the recogn 
cominona, " the ahudow of a great lock in 

Whither that which newsj^pera call the 
will survive the w^ason of the big goosebc 
but meanwhilo it may Ik- questioiieil whet 
more servic<» to Hi>;h Churchiiioii than to tb 
years a;;o few js-ople wouhl have S|>ent u 
»eventoenth-<:eiitury treatise on Thk Hkvkhk;* 
( .Mow'bray.ls. n. ). But to-ilay this essay, probal 
Taylor, and now rendered into model n En 
Staley, will have a large aale, and extracts I 
from many ]>ulpita. The younger clergy, 
justice, have s|wiit little time upon the stu< 
will learn that one ritualistic perfoniianc 
annctioii of the Church in the st*venth can> 
in the unbroken custom of some cathedrals. 



Tlie sAContl voliiino of Dr. .1. llaHtiiiLra' 



July 29, 1899.] 



LITKIIATI KH 



" Uiiifth," l.y l'rofth»<.r c;. A Hmilli Tl.«ii». on tli.- •(M«tlu 
St. .lohn, on the Fourth (<oai«l, simI thu Johaniiinn «|>i«tl>i*, 
though •ixcnllunt, to nomu nxttml on.rU|i «!.M:h oUu r l'r«fi««..r 
Mtunion ill tnmtioj,' " Thn 4iuii|i«l» " trilici/.* thu ItUHlouc; V> 
luioiint for thii niMiiri'lio of nuiiilar ■nyiii^n ami iiuiiUiitx iii iJm 
(•oip«l» hy tt thi'ory of '• ilou|>U<t« " ihit only xlvxrao •••iniiK'iit 
• n Dr. Iluiitilii;ii' eilitoriihi|i in lli.it h« m a|>l to ilnvoln l<». miiili 
f\HHW to pointii of vi'ilial iiKiii^n uiitl |ihiiolo|,'y It Mxinia ilisiir'^- 
portioniito to iiimi^ii iin inliri' |>«k» to thn |ir>'|><»iti<iii " In," 
whi'O t'vtm '• Mittit*'* " ••Illy oovi>i« two |uf;>'a, atMl " tiiiMn-e. 
llxllaniHiii " only two-aiul-uhnlf. Ili< ilitstTrvra, howuvnr, f^tfl 
rrtxlit for thu thorotiKhliKim of thin Worlt, thn tiioiit iiii|ioit*nt 
t'onti'ibiition of rwmil tinirfi to lulilical thm^li.^'y in Kiit^laiMl 

THRBE BOOKS ON THB CRBKOS. 

Mr, A. K. Itiirn'ii iNriioiii i-rioN to tiik Chkkik iti> tiir. 
'I'k l)Kt\i (Miitliiuiu) iit liknly to )>«< n ■tumlittil txxik ii|>>ii 
tliii iiulij«<'t ; (or, kltliiiil^h hu hiliiiHOf m not r«itt.iin nlmthrr 
tho tiniu hua vnt ipiitK conm for anything' roiii|>lot«, jot mt> 
iiiucli Ima lu'tin iloiiu in lut« yi>uri both in th« ilii«'ova<ry of n«w 
iiiittoriitl itiul thn i'oiiiii<li<rnti'>n of ihi' olil lh.il a " biiif aiirv.y " 
micli a» Mr. Iliirii otii'ia in of vity ^H'ut volui'. .Mr. Hum him not 
U't'ii coiitoiit »ith till' iiuitrriiil ittlor<1<Ml l>y kik-Ii iiioniiineiitii <<( 
••cliolHraliip iia Hitlin'H " liihliotlink tier .SyfnlM>l«," the thinl 
t'dltioii of wliii;h wim piiMi.ihtMl two yiiurx h\i>', hut In- hna i>|>«<iit 
two years iiivii»ti);iitiii){ .MSS. in tlm liliniri-'ii of iMTiiintiy, Itily, 
itml Franoi'. Hu in th\i.i iilili- to put within nviTylxxlyn r>'och n 
Kiirvoy of th« iiioit roo'iit h'uniin^', iind he haa <lon« no in a luciil 
und intoi'cHlin}; inuniKr. Itt'^'iniiiiit; " >t'' ^'>" <h'vi'|opiiii nt« uf 
tht« priniitivK oonfi<a.ii>>ni<, ho coin.'e to Ihi- conoluaion that, 
ulthoii^h thn .AjMiatlfB ('ri'<«l diil not cxiat in thn ii|>oiitoli.- ii^-n. 
yet thn Igiintiun Kpiatlnn provn tlmt tlm I'huractnriatio pninta of 
that oron<l wnrn tau^'ht itt .Viitioch in thn i>nrioil l><-tH>-«n tlm 
Pastoral Kpistlrs miil tlw ii|>ologists of thn sconil cniitury. H« 

thnn ilivn(ili;;iitn« thn vv Is of thn K<vonil uiiil thinl cnntiiiins, 

1111(1 tho rnsulUi of thn li(;ht with .\riaiiiiiiii in thn fourth. Th« 
MU'cniKlin^; ilmptnrs ilnni with thn tlirm- cnnnls as «n now liavu 
thnni, and with tlm 7V Ih nm ; nnd ii short connliiding nhuptnr 
dnnurilH-R thn various litiirfjicil u.tns of thn cri'«><l». Oim nutiiiully 
luoka to !«>n wlint Mr. liiirii hn-i to siiy about thn iiuthorship of thn 
yV Drum ; for, alas I tlmm i,s no rnal I'vidincn for thn Uiiiitiful 
utory of .Viiibrosn iind .\iij;u.slinn hnvinp coniposiil it on tlm diiy 
of thn lattnr'.i bupti.tni ; but Im hua nothing,' linal to i.tVnr. Tlii' 
Alhniin.siim cnnd Mr. Hum iiltribulns to thn dncadn 4'J«>-:iO ; hn 
connludns ihiit it iiiUHt h.vvn Iwrni «riltnn in thi' South of Kr)inn«>, 
ut Lnrins, in fnot, ikiid that flonorittui is morn liknly to havn 
writtnii it tlmn St. Vim-niit. Hn ;;ivns u most oitmful I.ulin 
tnxt of this liyiiin, roIUtnd from MS.S. of tin' ni^dith and ninth 
nnnturin.M, tind a nnw tr.inslution of his own, wliiih imjiin-i : 

Who.sonvnr \villi<tli to bn in a stiitn of salv.ition. l»'f..r>- nil 

things it is nnnnssary that hn liold tlm ( 'iithi>lir fiiith. «hi. h 

Ftiith nxnnpt I'Vnry nnn shall hiivi- knptulioln nnd uiidntili<<l 

without doubt hn will |it ri^h ntnrnallv. 

,^t thn nnd of thn book hn nxplaiiis and dntniido thi* and 

othjT pa.-'.Mnjjns, puintinu out that thn nnipha.'iin is laid on thi> 

knwpinp of tlm faith wlioln by thosn wln> atmndy havn it. aiimn 

" disloyalty to faith mu.it Innd to tho spoilini; of >hara<-tnr." 

Mr. Burn is also as-<ot'at<>d. with Mr. ('. S Hurn, in th>> trans- 
lation of Profnssor Zaiin's l)Ook, Tin: .\itMri.K-< <'i:kki> (HiMldnr 
and Stonphton, (>N.) altliou);h thn hnadin); of thn " Translator's 
Pinfaon " inails a.s if only onn [hrson hu.-" nnnagisl tlinroon. IV. 
Zahn is a Inadiii;; tinriiian thi-olojiinn who is on thn .iiiln of thn 
orthodox intnrprotfition of the .^postln.i' ("rond ; his liitln Ixmk 
is, in fact, a dnfoncn of it agnin.st thn •' undor-4<(tiiiiati<>n 
which has lonii popular in Orrmany. 'Dm first humlnil |>«i;n« 



l)r. (irvoti'* l«.-t(iri«,T<tc <.'uai>fl*> (Jaaata* i»i> itti 
or f'Mai*iKii«>M(Ma>uidU>i, fm. >, <him of ■ ti>L<v |jo|/»laii >i 
'llunr bwMi inlortal fur i^ I Ma iitlix. («rt lti«( li^ ; lUwl i>.>t> 

tlw ll:l>M l.tm>l*, bill aiuj Bltll Ilia d.«:<4ia>:<ll> l4 1.>>«I M< 

ft ••ions, itw IU>(ormaltf<ii |«ri«>l, |;iiii>4 (M in lull li^ ^ 
I otitoaaioii of MoUiM.-tiiolt, l).« I cr«i| ol |'a|.« i'l...* IV . , 
{.ainlislll VrttcUa, Alfl w^Oie la-.>l«rii A'ltcio* of I't^tltjimt 
i i>ii;,-ta^atlooAliat* Tlx^re ari: aImj UartxiB* -^n U^ Itil 
|«oldi<ln ><i •ul>«:ri|><lon, ..•^•t .-n tl.r ^tititi»] .f-tmrnitiH, ot % 
of CTueiU. 

THE STAR WORLD OP THE ANCIEH1 

R«««arrhe« Into the Ortclo of th* PrImlUi 

i iit«llailon« ofUin Oroeka. PhuinlcUAM. and ll*by|i 
My Ilol>«rt Brown. Jun. \-l I ■< <.iii . ><i pi- 
I****. WUlUunji * Hort%u 

This l« thn rir«t %o.t|tn«- tt( A «ufk il«-«ifii««l t'' v^kOM 

till' c-OliatnlUtloli* kl.OMIl to ti>r (ir>«k* ■'• l>Xi (uort' 
n.i , and •llliatAlilially tim •aliM' u Ihom l» ■ r<ncft,!; 
known to tlm rurly <ir><k', ai»l t)>«l none f>| thrtn >«ri> *: 
I invniit<«l ; r.'itbot lb<'«« 4r>' d<rirfd ftotn llii»>>j!..ot* of i 
Thn author triicn» iK.- roni>n\)t>n l»l«rrti W" lnV« ol i 
I'tob'iiiy, and 11 i|'|.ari Ima , aiMl br gKxa a iiiimUt nt 
tionn of thn \'irioua •l;;n« <th'<h will ilouMIra* ii ttiUKr.- 
morn fully n\pUiii<d m tlm imxt «f>luii>r Tliia i» t'l* j 
work : A trniisUti^'ii |« {;i«>ii of itoli-my's cnloloK 
notn ia tMlilMl tu •.tab • oiistnlUUuii, succrating or 
nxplnnation 'Dm iiotim* in lir>'<'k liti'ratun' of tlw c 
tioiis am tlmn rollnrt'd A cba| t*-r follows on roin ty 
thn author attnin| ts to ■atabliah a coiuintiuii )i><i«,>.ii I 
thn nigiis ikbovn Tlm >)Ui«ti<>n la nrxt itiac-uunl. I 
Moiimr kimw of thn ifinstnllati"!!* which wnrr r«oj5n( 
Thill rom< a n cba] ti-r o;i iruiiatnllatioii ly|»« In art • ' 
nniiiisinntic ; and llab) Ionian astronomy aftrr A 
roinplntns tlm volunm \Vn ronfitu t'> a fwting of c 
uftnr madiiii; tim Unik, tlm t"W>ii for which nvay )<r |<ftj 
ill till' soiiinuhut r.<nfiiiu'<t arranp-rimnt we hate iixlicati 
soino delinitc rnsiilta d<> niimrcn ^V■< a|;rM< with Mr I 
holding that thn argument from Mun«r'a silvticv la wnrth 
As well urgun that Tionreoti netnr ).<unl of a |«iiitii.|; 
that ({•■nmr kimw of i-o signs etropt tlxwo he nAnw'*! I 
ovnr, Mr llrown i» rn;ht in l-.nding mnet of ih*- 
ifatbyloiiia an<I I'h •iiirut, ai:il if hn | rotea that atch uf t! 
ty|«<s aa Hoim r names < ami< from th<nr>-, )>• mxy fat 
th.'»t tli<' narly <ir<'«>i>s know othnra of th-m. and they i 
havn known all Hut h» damage* his rase by admitl n^' a 
of thn mo»l futiln arguiimiits. Takv thw C"'l»». fi-r • 
Soiiin of timiii l«ar an par of ••>m. o(h« rs • tortoiaa- . t 
corn is found in thi- ttr<^-k aky. tho tcrtoise In tK*t 
H«l>yIonians ; but this •loi'e not (rove that U><> oin wa 
to rnprns<uit a conttpllation Wli«t la the itae of whi 
•■ Ix'th land ami wat><r tortoiwa an> vi<ry abtin<l«nt «n 0»» 
nnd that a va.an cover found at Troy nuy r*)<ea<mt a V 
Kvnn in <as«'s wimrt' a gro ip is foiin.1 rxpT**ente>l. f-Kh 
on thn Ham grant this gro-tp i« sovn on • coin %t 
t'onstntlatioii —why »h'>ubl n»l Nilh h»T» h«-l » iX)Himon 
Thn task is. not to timl |ur>n< is to tlw* i-on*tvlUtu>l>< 
explain why S'lch unlikniy n.«mi* wire gm>n «•> th« m Ki 
of judgniont. thn list of coin ly|«'» »n«l th«> notre .>n i 
littlp use. How completely Mr Hrnwn has fxlUr ••«) t 
ia shown l>r his dianiissing Piof Kidgcway's Inliianl i 
■'«'oin Tyji<<« awl Weight StatvUnla " with ••vmethi 
contpiii|>t. Prof. Ridgpway m->y lv»v» cwiriml hia '• i-»>n«ii 



96 



LITERATURE. 



[Jul 



•hi* wbt^Wr much attaM cut ha Uid oo fomu whicb <Wp«n4 on 
tb» iWciiilttfrtnc tl e*-M»ttarm. t»titk^ aluit dilTerwiu'** thotv are 
— nwg Uw cUxtnn . k<il Mr l<ro«n —rm* (<> bt\>' UuIh know- 
l«rff» o( Uk» |>ituriMir U«a in Anr^ii l..ii$iMg'»« H« (|iioUm> with 
•ffireval a tnggmttimt Uk*t Sym»|'l«i^ili-it iiu>y >>• Syiu-plviadMi ; 
k* liuaka " ihv form Rtaa «na) ntiy rtui<|xMr aji Uk. T-ituii, for 
■B aiMaf) initial < ona o waat ia br no iiiaoiix uniiaiial in (int^li: 
UlM>*rnp(iou< ■r J . Sr«n Yi^l (Sk. Ai.tV ( H<'•^.v««lli^»ll). S«iii.'Ati - 
Oh. r«nf' {>«*» Mr Hn>«it think any >'i>ii>oimnt ntn Iw prvlixMi 
at sill in linr«k (rani><Ti|>(ti>n» ? 'Ati c«ruinly Ito^iim witb a 
gultvral , (hd other auni ao <lo not Mn<lorKtiin<l, l>ut we fail to 
a«« bov it jiuUfiaa a t- |j(«fix for Ktann.i Mr. l^>«ii r«tiini« to 
the charga aith hi» rt)'ini>l»i;taa of AniUxnuHlii iiihI Anmltht-iii, 
whicb ao ■; oko of in rvvioHinf; hi« | nviuiin «ork, " Semitic 
Induroc* in HalUnic Mythuliigjr," l>ut he now i-x|>lainK bin 
maanin^ uorv cl*.<rly. Amlronitd.i, it i>e<'iiiii. cuiiip* from AtUm- 
nv'tlb. tlio <vr«t ja«rt. " mHii," Itcinj; tr.«n>l.it«il. ;iii<l the i<««-oinl 
Uaiulilrrstaot ^nUth a» ^iln). Anialthuiii in L'Aniiiim -<-.;>.. " to 
Aiuuk.i." rvatl Iwcka.kr'l'i, ait<l Aiia widttl. Itut why " to AiiiiiuV ?" 
anil a by ahoulil it bo ru«(l backwanU '! Tbo Phi>TU-i:uiii nroto 
froui rijjbt to luft ; M iliil thu Orc<i*K in e«rly tiinvN. They 
aTut« a!*o aftar th* fashion of Itook* for the hlintl. ttony abo 
wroiu in •; iraU. in fart, in any way th >t wiui conveiiiuiit. Aiul 
if they artv rvally «« dull na thi« naiiiinoai, iU<l they iievt r hitur 
the luune nieiitiuii<*l ? For nuih etymolagid« aa Jupitir ttio 
Utter half of hihui - fjuJihiri. Uld-Shv«i -of-thu-furrow-of- 
Uanvm,' rrr<(<il ./oifirwj. 

We wifh Mr. Uruwn would loiivc fJroik i'tyniolo(:y nloiio, 
atxl tell n» kimply wlutt he luui foiiiul out iil out thi- Kii| hrutfan 
•tar-lore aixi god-lore. Ttuwa thiiij;ii are i;ot within the n-juh <if 
Koat of na ; aikd «o wjiit th<> im|>ort;iiit ti-xta ik'UM:t<-d. i-urcfiiUy 
tranUateil, and eZ|<Lin*>l. Thxrc m ;t ^i-eat •livil lu-n- of thi> port 
We want, but it is ban) to gi-t .tt owinj' t<) tli*' iic ii-tioiis of which 
We have Uwn «]i««kii^;. Th>- Kiiihratuuii iHvision of the uiiivcrm 
into aky, »«, and ui.dcrw »rl<l . tho i-urth iM-ing l<-ft out, is mort 
ruriuua takt-n in cotinixioii witli thi- Hi-U' nic ilom:iiiis of 7.oiin, 
Uadi-a, ai»l P>>a.-iilon. Tlnru is much in^iMiiiity in tho intt-rpn-tH- 
tioii of the scorpion its :t syniliol of ih.rkni-.HH ; thi-ro uri' many 
other coni|iBriiu>ns and IduntifiCHtioni « liicli urt- vory suggi-stive. 
We can only n*sT<-t tluit Mr. lirowii hia given us the materiiils 
for • book ab»n w,- roight f.iirly xzit-ct to hu%'t! a book. Thu 
matter wants siftin({ and umui^ii.g. it alxo wunts winnow in); ; 
the notes ought to go ut the foot of the paiju instciid of in thu 
middle of a seiiU-ncx. or <-vi-n of » romi ound word ; the whole 
thing is too mu> h Ii>u |«g<« tmnscrilx^l from a nuti-look. 



A POET'S "PROOrS." 



Tb.it leanu-al ojul UlKiriou» Culeridi;- an. Mr. DykoH Campbell, 
wh o se [CPDiature <leelb was an iirepHrablo loss to all 
•tltdeata of the |«H-t. left iMihiiul him a tyi*e t<u- timilr uf what he 
du sci i be'l as "• miirh tortunxl draft uf l.orr," now in the liritinh 
Moaeam, anil of " soietal otiier curionities of tlin kind," adiliiig 
that the little Volume contnining tlivm " only awaitit a pruface 
and not4-a." Mr. Cumpbell dii'<l *oon afu-r tl.e printio;; of the 
/ar nmtir, and liin prufac- ar.il not<*« to it wurn not writt<'n. It 
bae now lieen pulilish «! (I'onotilile, Os. ) with a brief but biuinesx- 
like pretooe liy Mr. W. Hale Whiln, who, after some trouble in 
diecorering the soiiroisof the "other ciirionitins, "bus at last tnwe<l 
tiieai tothe rol!*ction of pnjof/i lHdon)(inK to .Mr. K. A. Pott. Ttiey 
oooaist of a ilraft of " lUdigiou* Mimini;*." a Noteim the " Moinxty 
V> Chstt«rt4>n," anotlwr on the .->'niiet to iVirke, .uid two pro<ifs, 
one of later lUt'- thin tl.e oth<T, thoiu;b nxitbor of them i« • 



and to detenntne what fraotioa of tiiese will li 
volume would be oasentially an exereiso in uiii 
Hut. btiwever uncertain may be their numbers 
at ail of their linding abundance uf interest 
■• reooni " of the (M>et'» " waye and metbutU." 
t'oleridite, it is true, wan not quite as uii 
his own work aa was Tennyson : liut be ap| 
ttiat consummate artint in ratouebing than, p 
|MHit. Iieforo or sint<e. There was no little rooi 
in " Ri'liKiouH MusinKS," ami, even in i 
remains a perfomuuice which ivrtainly goei 
epithet of " turgid " applied by Hvron tu tti 
C<<leridge." Still such emendations hb be 
innpin>d by a soiindir nnil pun-r taste : and 
uf tho p04<ms, it is dii<tinctly pleasant 
" sprightly " but clouded " runnings " of 
gradually refinin;; and " settling " tbemsel' 
tu loave nothing biihind but that pure bri 
whicb represents him nthis beet. The "Ode on tl 
a piew of two years' later date than tbo " H< 
shows still plainer trac<*s of the clarifying pi 
leaves tliis remarkable Ode in pn-tty nearly nn 
the literarj" point of view as it appears in 1 
changi s made iH-tweeii the firrt and 8ulH)e(|Ui 
the poem Ix-ing principally political. It is t 
ilirticulty which Coleridge found in getting Ci 
famiiiid biitls of prey flap their lank " |insten( 
" p<>nnons on the groaning wind, and to yielil 
insistence on bin own much more effective and 
tive." " 1 MiKiHft, almost suspect," he wrib 
proof. '• that the wonl ' dark ' was intention! 
' lank.' If so, it was the most tast«-less thii 
ilear •losi'ph I " Tbo political changes in 
known, and can hardly ho read without a sm 
bowerer, that after altering 

" O doomed to fall, enslaved ami 
O Albion 1 O my mother Isle " 

into " Not yet enslaved, not wholly vile," &c. 
have retained tliis Nontence in the Argumint, ' 
propbeHieti in anguish of spirit the downfall of 
no lotjger <1o«s, or not in so many wordi>, am 
tlie Kartb, whom Coleridge still puts up to d 
moderates his langnngu as to call Kngland 
insti'ud of tho "bloody" island. It is only fa 
ever, that the Spirit in tho revise<i eilition 
imprecation of vongeanw on this country 
among the finest in the |ioem 

" Open thine eye of fire from some unc 
O ilart the flash I O rise and deal th 
But by 17U8 the gilt was quite worn oflf the | 
Uovolution. The Oiroctory luid engage<l in wa 
and Coleridge was rculy to denounce the invB< 
pr«nounce<l to l>e one of the noblest Odes in tl 
liow chaiiu-U'ristic of the weak-headwl cosmoj 
Knglish K«-public4in of that |>eriu<l only tu 
Hevoliitionary France an enemy to FVeeilom i 
the lilM-rtiee of some other land than his own ! 



OTHER 



NEW 



BOOE 



Tm; Pkasants* Waii ix Okbmany (152rci; 
Oe.). Mr. K. lielfort Baz iwlmits the great diti 
yet be has gone Homo wav towiinis accomplisliii 



July 2!i, 1899. 



LITKKATL'RK. 



faoU aru that thu |N-a«Mit« Uinnuwlva*, tliotiuli wo |>itB full 
w»i)<lit to tli« nxniiMm for Iheiii, warn l>riil»l ■.>ta oti.iwi ofily 
iildii of mic^i'oiM W.M tliat it lid tn ■•>»r—t |>hy»ii:al miji'Vifi' lit, ami 
tliitt thfiy wnrii Init l>y wild fan, Inn, in iiinal „t wli.na niiltiiiaUain 
v»r|;iM( upon liinac-y. Mr l<;«ii |>our« irorn upon I.utlirr f<.r hi* 
nliAliKx of attltuila ti>waril.« tli« iiaiiiK, ami p—nn l>y thn ot.t i"aaly 
naturul explitiiatioii tliiit, mIiiIk at hnt till «ym|>atlii2«l muIi th« 
jtlut ulaiiiia of thn |Hiiiwtnta, Im tiirii>«l ai^iiiat tKnia in oiiiiafM|iu-ii>'« 
(if tlioir iiii;;oviinia)>lii mxr>-»f>i> W„ havti |iro)n|p|y llm eliMi to 
Mr. Kiix'x noiiiitwlmt iiiKw^unl tmttimnt of hi< ■iilijict In In* 
nympathy vvitli th«. ('oiiitniiim %» itKaiixt " th« ri',»itloiiario« of 
VitraitillxN," whirh Ixiialii liiin to mnkn thn ftilloMJOK rmiiarkaMo 
■tut«iiii<iit " Tim 4>«riimii |>i<nai%iiti< of I5'.'.'>, aailiil th>' <'oiiitnuii» 
of l'iiri«, mill ii« ia llm wont of aiix-aiaaful iii«nrK'<-iiti> K'-ii.rally, 
ai){iiall/.i><l tliitir aucitiaa jia II riilit l>y tlinlr atiiili<«l rniMlnrntion bmI 
);oimI iiuturi', na con t rant ml «itli th« fi.rnciouii .ruflty •.( thair 
uniMiiitia, till! coiiatitutoil iiiitlioritii<«." Wn nijtv iwlil that Mr. 
Hitx Would hnvii found aonio int«ri'«tin(; facta in tlm littlo-knnwn 
(uvinphlet of Oiiodaliua, pulilialuHl in inro, " fliitoria dn a4i<litii>iin 
rii|H>ntiiiit viil^ji prii>ri|iuii riiaticoriiin " Ho ahoiilil know thut 
Ijiithiir will nut » monk. Moat |NMiplii will not alinrc hia opinion 
thut MelniicUion waa u *' malignitnt toudy." 

Till- fourth Rt'Otioii of Mr ItoNirt I'mrtor'a iMir.x To riiii 
Kaki.v Piiintkii Umiks in tiik. Hhiti.sii Mi iki m i Ki>i;iin I'mil 
and Co., IOh.) conipritiM livx idphiiU'tiiul tahh'* or " K«^iat«ra " 
iia thi> iiiithor profern to call «lmt i« in I'tToct a a«ri<'a of indnXra 
to thti thriHi pnx'iiliii;; iM'Ctiolia. It la Imt aoliloiii tliiit tihlra of 
thia kind am of tlm U'liat umi in th<iinnt.lv<-a. thut ia to any, •\\>nTt 
from tlm work t<i which thi-y ndnti', hut Mr. I'roctor'a ri>>;iati>ra 
form 11 notulilo exct<ption. Imin;; «xtnHiii<ly valmthln us ii ;;uidi' to 
thi> niiiiitm of old Hiithora and the ditfi-riMit imrly I'ditioiLt "f thi- 
hooka tlioy wrote. Hia lutuat inatnlmont ia pnicticnlly a 
oyulop.'i-diii of towna when- tho fiirlii-at priiiti>ra rarri<'<l on 
bnaiimaa, of tlm puhliahera who pro<liir<Hl tin- iKioka. wln-ii tin- 
printHTa did not do «<> thnmaolvsa, and of tha authora »hi»u> 
nam<<a .iro mi't with in Hiiin and .•la«)whiTi>. tln' wholn ariiini;i»l 
alphulM>tioally for pur|>oa«a of ipiick and oiiay refi'r>'iio«i. Thia ia 
in every r<'ap<H-t an fxctdlt'iit compilation diaplayiii;,' at a ;;laiii'« 
tlm titlca and iliitea of a vaat numlx'r of IxHika which Imvn found 
pnrmaimnt r«'fuj{«» on th<> ahdvoa of our Niitional Lihniry. 

OiTLiNtJi or KNai.i.iii Lihial HiaTORV. hy I>r. .\. T. (■art»>r 
(Butturworth, lOn. CmI.), ia, aa tlm author tella ua, laa.'d .m n 
a«ri«<H of locturca dfli%-cr»il at .nhort notice in the Iiiiii of Court, 
and notwithataiKliiij; ita very conaidi-rahle iiierita still pri'aerrca 
too ninny trucea of ita origin. Ita title ia not quit<' jiKtifinl hy 
ita contenta : npart from two intrmliictory chnjiterH, which 
(iual with the origin of le^al inatitutiona and feiuiali.am, ami 
throe later chaptera on the i.-riminul and civil jury and U-nefit 
of clerjjy, I>r. Carter deala exduaively with the history of the 
Courta -the Common Iinw, the Chani-«'ry, the Kccleaiaatical 
Oourta, iind ao forth— ,ind haa nothini; to aay ahout other legal 
in.atittitiona or pro<->Klare. Hut within ita limita the work ia a 
Tury iiaeful one. In the firat place, there wita prerioiialv in 
Mziatence no Inwik coverinjt the ajime ^rouixl inid ndaptnl for 
studonta entering on the dark paths of our le>;al hiatory, and. in 
tho aocond, it ia a i;r«nt deal more than a moio " hoilin;; down 
of Pollock and Mnitlnnd and other standard works. In a history 
of the Courts, however, aomo mention mii;ht well havp Ihhki 
made of tho Inforior Courts, in |>articular of tlm Lonl .Mayor's 
Court, and ita hold attempt in the aixtiea tu extend its juri.adic- 
tioii ; and tho continiUK] existence of the Iiancaahirv Palatine 
Court ileserves more explicit iiotiio. IV. Carter is at timos 



imutmi ti> itm Ua« •vlnrntf a( tifWilitwi tUeMtjr * paWia 
linoti Mell auHiail. alriko <tt %• ■>i>-«tt<rti< iH I «r 

IIK rn>an llin Uanf i|lll»*< •>< iha «N«I| foT ((UtlM '..> l.^ M.ll 

iiiiiiilior i.t hi* irr*!** rof>ra<i. «a*, a<wl >'> < ■< '•°<<-4( 
'I'l'to ,• ■ »«^« siMply t«rw<M" '•'=*y »»" "-'! k' •' 

FAMtLV NiaTomsa. 

Th"ii;;h r*th<:r xivr'aati^titail wilb f~< o.l .^. . i' 

KkMIM or WiLtUM l*C««, \if f|.r«4/<l >l Jot.kllrf 
I'm II I, la lliteriistili,; ** «nli *• ^•Riptiilai T) e f.Ui.A 

iK't t" at|«i>-t • hi"Kra|>i'.y . «i^l, iiwUaai, l>>o tfiix'i**' 
i>p|o'ar« "Illy III lliB faiittovt ■•utlilac, nu-l>') •• * |.#n ala i 

With tW-> ( •ocrviSAMai « tVn* AJL.] * lluil»«f.M4JI 'jtf ajitflli^, " 

losx'i ti>,'iir*«, llioii|{h •lini<«t iii.ki>->«n !>• f*it>«, •/« nvr ' 
drovii Wn hatn ibn < holnrf Admiral, *!»•, t*; h>* 
•'*tdhliahe»l llio faiiiily f'ltt'iiioa, M«l ys>t ••• »•• itttloft'i 
provoke tho apilo •■t Mr I'opta , hta •U>ifhl«r. •■ l'<v 
tho aaiiis hii;h *iitl»'rity pr'>ii.><ii.c«>l I., im " u(ly a< 
wish " , Thonioja I'mm, wh • tmgwi lif« »a * nvfrvr'a 
iind andeal hy iiu%rryiii,( the d*ughtsr of an a^rl , Km!. 

• ho hiuui>ht oter tha fruitlvaa " I llir> ltr*i,4 h " I'olil.ori 
(•reaa to (i«.ir^'i< III , Sophu I'onn «!io ir.arriail «>. \frhf 
t;iive him |«i»oii hy uiiataka ('<r hi* nwlirtiw • rurwrn* 
c«a« to ofiii of n- efit i> .iitr'tn-ai . a't'l. laaliy. IK" 
John IVnii, huildar nf Scka I'ark ami " i'aaioayUaa. 
who, ta'in|{ hinianlf » hd'-hehir, io«tilul«l • aorte'. 
promotion of m.itriiie>ny Thmae, with a boat of alii- 
aole title to raniainl ranee i* their rolatoxubip !<• " the 1 
arn paaMil in rnriew, tml thair family hwtory ;• 
chroniclisl. It i« curiou* that, tieiufh Williani IVnn I 
aoiK, live of whom r>' kch-^ iii>n * aatat". hia famiK 

• xtitict in the iiia!n line . and it ia aljll luor* r^^iaa' 
Sophia, the Inat of hia ,;ranil<'hildr«ii, di*! aa rw efitljr 
more than two huiidrnl ynara afl'-r " th- f<>utr\rr 
Mr. Jenkins would |»rha|« \..\f im(m>vo<l hi* buik l>i 
aoiii,. i>f the (Quaker inarria|[n coatra-.-ta and a low of til 
hut We af;ri'o aith hiiii tiiat even trivial dvtaiU hiata ti 
III forniiiii; a pictiiri- of a »jiii»h«il aa-ial lifo A •(•<«i 
of tho work ia thi' really nxoalh-ut *awit« u( lltii*tratto 
hrin^' the raailor into touch » ith thn prii'ci|al {irt 
placra mpntionid in tha itory 

In hi* Mr.uoias ut nin Sll>^■^ Kamili il'nwio, H 
Mr. Philip Sidn«y haa i;ivifi u* a galiary ol lamdy |a> 
uni:aiial int>Moat Tho critic i« alnioat (iiaatmad bjr ti 
tone of the profaco , and an i;la.lly a<'kno« Inlgi- tiiat, 
II. ay h« tho author's ralalionaJiip to tiia* hnro, whoa* 
laara a [xont on which ho iloaa not onliglitoo ua h* 
fear t)ie char|{» of t'ookiiukinn, ao uftan bruufht a4(»>iaa! 
hiatorian Ilia liook. which la baanl up«i a carwfn 
tho )i«at aiithoritioa. Ki*oa lu t«n aiietah— , of which 
iiii|a<rtant art> Sir llanry an<t S4r Philip .'^Mlnoy. tha C 
Pembroke, two Karl* of I^n-a^ter. " Sarhanaaa. " 
Sidney, and his brothor. tha lUrl i4 Hoaamf Kiv 
an- depictasl in soul anfTwvinK* , hut it ta uoforlt 
the aoa-^ind K.arl of l<aic«iaior aMil bia youBHaM aon < 
in>'lMilo<l ; aixl it la atill tn»r* du>a|ifiOint>n( that I 
Pln>-i<. with all ita iiniipm aaaoeiation*. la o«>lj rwprvaa 
very poor sketch, an>l it not deacrila-d by iha writaw 
if he haa misaixl lonm op|ortanitie«, Mr Sidnay ha* 
III iiiakiiiK hia portrait* ataiiil out aa riaarljr debixal |v< 
We wiali we uoiihl Biv» aiiual pratao to Ui» rtyle ..• 
which, thoin;h eminantly nM*lahl*. M not fr»» fro«n 
phras<'a and oran alij« in cramntar, lik* tiM nawniiiatir* 
There ia a r«rt«in " pockaii f ni — ." I'm*, in il.- dn 



98 



LITERATURE. 



[Jul; 



AT THE "TOURBE" OF ROXALANA. 



Wht^w r»j»lT >uiib«*iii • f thr iiu'ni. 

()r ev'nitti; i»ooa(«jtm v\«t ►tr»y"il, 
Aittvr thv i^miMl kltv trtui in M-^irn, 

M*t«, (ImpMl 111 MBiiU' and t<ro<:«ili-, 

H«ko!<l tlw gn-mt StilUna Iftui, 
Of all her fln'tiiii; (TmiUmmk aboni ! 

'• KKvrrtiu SoUAtii .' " Kfo thf span 

TiMt iiuule the- m<Mi»urv« of tliy lUy, 
Twist Taiiru* ami (Vrixtthian 

lla>t fluurich'il many ■ l^ly {;«y, 
\\h» fMcU in turn had held h«r sway, 
And bv«'U ti«lov'd of SiiKymiin ; 

Y»t none, for all her Wauty"» micht, 
In Vu***>>ly craft cvuld vie with the*-, 

That n«n havo " Riixalaiia " hight, 
Rml Itusainn from the lialtic Sea, 
Whoao dt>e«lii, ill a^es still to («, 

Sliall stalk, uncover °d, in the light. 

Thy smilet, thy wilee. thy sijzhii and tear* 
Our father* and our grandsin-i knew ; — 

Thy rhythmic phraae* rharin'd their ears, 
And we haTe heartl thoir echo, too, 
And »e«n thy fair face pivpin); thro' 

The jArtj'd curtains nf the years ; 

WliiUt here, tw<i thousand miles away, 

Thrw hundred years hast thou lain dc.ul 

(Where I have soupht thy shrine, to-<lny, 
Hy stem white-tiirhan'd Mollali led), 
With tatsell'd latnpa above thy head 

Aim! carpete spread in rich array ; 

The walls that sh.t thee from the sun. 

The [lOttor's art miule bright with blue, 

When- Ie»f aiHl tendril overrun 

The Persian porcelain's ivory hue. 
Ami blazoiiM letters, twisting; thro', 

Proclaim there is no (>o<l but One ; 

Without, the •ceiiti'<l rosea twine. 

The StiUtrnu'itii'h town o'er bea<l. 
The fla;:stones, flecked with sha-le and shine, 

Ke-«cho to the pilgrim* tnaul, 

Anil ioft grey dov«» their wings oiitspnatl 
In the blue vault aliovc thy shrine. 

Ami almott might we seem to be 
(So sweet the spirit of repose 

TTiat breathen alike o'er th«- and nie 

Krom that Oiw <to<l the M<ialem knows), 
In some serene (''athe<lr:il-close 

In rhrist'an lamls lieycmd the sea. 

Ah, L«<ly fair ! 'thii thought ateals o'er 
My mind, l>eiie«th thy burial-fane) 

If, when the one ttiat gii«r<ls thy diMir 

Liae Hrmly IiouikI in ■lumber's chain, 
Thoti, flitting forth, could'st gaze again 



No Sulditn ever saw the light 

That was more famed or fenr'd t 

Who liow'd, H liond-alave, in thy sigl 
He wa« the lont of Un<1 and S(>a 
And twice his thumb waa on tlio 

Ttiat wanted Kurope from his might. 

Sleep, Lady, aleep ! Hi* reign i* o'er 
Sloth and ( 'orruption taint the a 

Thou Ti»irt>^ltii- '. make fast the tlixir 
Leat KoxaUna forth should fare ! 
Yea, tlio' men amite ami do not i 

His iKiw'r is gone for ever more ! 

Gone is hi* glory from the sea ; 

Uono is hi* groutiH'as from the li 

The Armie* starve and mutiny,* 

The galleys rot upon the strand : 
Without the walls the nations at 

And wait for what the end may lie ; 

Then, herv, where iiinbeam* rarely st 
Or luoonlioums pior«> yon tintod 

Hide, Roxalana ! from the day 

Wherein thine nncient glories wi 
Nor wake to *ee the jiu-kals roigr 

Where once the Liou held his swuy. 

"Vl€ 

Hmono m^ Bool 

■♦ — 

THK -KSTHETICS OK THK N 
There 8eema a general notion that win 
is cultivated for its own sake it must bee 
like i>ainting and music ; and that th 
esjiecially, since it gives pleasure, must { 
pleasure due to beauty, and, as a result, 
things in a book beautiful, and imagir 
analogous to a fine picture or a lovei; 
honestly considered, are simply and utterly 
It has taken me years to get rid of 
and cost me several pangs to admit to m 
otherwise. Vet it ought merely to jirove 
human nature thus to find that the nov 
has ample resources for fascinating our at 
the help of the very special quality cal 
the first place, ive llk-f xc<rr(h, and, above 
BUiUuwnl ; the forms made by logical tl 
of the s]iecial attractions of logic, and t 
which all that concerns our ego is exjiress 
would seem, in a sort of interesting ej; 
OrtAin it is that there must be a real ] 
things, since it is sufficient to overcom 
gathering u[) thoughts and interj»reting W( 
the (juite unnecessary statement an<l argu 
mankind indulges, and the eager, often df 
in which jK-ople will tidk and listen a 



T 



July 29, I8'J9.] 



MTKKATl IlK. 



rHOHDii we often tukn U|) a txtok ur ii»wii|>n|irr, atiMilut«-lv 
irri'Mjiectivi" of \tn cont.fntii, niiil if ulxMtk, wliy not a novrl ? 
AfU'r tliin flt'tiKMilJiry iillriutivrdi-iot of th*- ii|>ol<''ii or writtni 
woril coiiif till- Mill ijifiulioiit ( niUicr llukii lU'liiiilf |ilfn»ur»*<i) 
of fX|M-<rtiitioit mill fiilliliin-iit, of witti-liiii^' iiio\«-iiii*nt aixl 
of HyiniMtttit-tif |inrtiri|>iitioii tluMciii; of nnotioiinl fxril*-- 
im-iit (llifr«« \* Hii iiiiiloiil)tf)| pli-imiirf, for iii'<tniii-«', i-vfii 
in iM'ilijj iiiiiioy>-it itiiii ccrtniiily in \m-'u\h iinj»ry); thr 
inintfiiHt^ iiiiil iilto^)*tlii-r Mii|M*rior Katinfiu-lion of It-nsini; 
oh^'h own i'onc«Tnii U'liind nml forcing om-Hvlf from tin- 
roiitiiit* of lift* liy iiicnliticfition with otlit-r folk ; n kind 
of pliiy, >nn.>*<|ti)'ritilr, tMniiiiMitly h lioliiUy xittiofai'tion, to 
wliicli in cloNcly ikllii'il tlii^ n^ri'cuhit' iriixt' of irrfniMiniiliility 
wliii'li »i«'«'in.i to ^;row with llui |>«'r<«*|ition of tin* rr!<|M>n- 
siliiiity of tin- (^liurnclrrM we urt< wntrhini^, ii fi'«'linK, l>y 
the wiiy, in n(» way •■onnccti-d with liction n^ hiu-Ii, 
Hinc«< we have it r<|ti«lly in reading; thr n»'W<|in|>«T, 
hiritorirx, and nu-nioiiH. Or an* wf always ri-ady to fon- 
nid^r other folkn' atVairs a.i nirn- invi-ntiunx, dfli^ht«'d, nn 
wt' art", to rill inirsclvj-H of tin- |i<-r|><-tual con^n-inn-ncfH and 
coinplicationM whidi previ-nt our lilV from hrini; tin- mou- 
HmiiMin^ piny of ixTception and volition wliirh it mi^ht 
I't' ? Add to thin, in ^n-atrr or Ic-si-r d»';;rt'«', tin* ]»-r- 
ception, which is picusunt, of skill and tart on the |>ikrt 
of the author, ►oini'linies (what to some critii-al natures 
U eipially pleasinij) the lack of skill and tn<-t of the 
author. NMien we have summed up these \arious item^ 
of litenir)' sjitisfaction, we can )>ass on to a new kind of 
factor of ))leasine, which is immensely attractive to 
(•ertnin minds, and which is esj«'cially jirescnt in the 
novel — I mean the gainini; (or thinking we ;,'ain) a 
knowledjje of mankind and of life. l''i>r when we ari- 
youn;^, i>articularly, we are trouhled hy a ilelusive lonj^inj; 
for such knowledge, and htHxiwinked hy a false «en-ie of 
cniuihility whenever we think we have ^ot it. 

These are what I should call the non-ie-ithetic 
nttmctions of the novel, attractions fre<piently sufficient to 
comjx'usjite for the most roui;h and ready disre^jard for all 
our instincts of beauty anil harmony. The ir*thptic 
attractions are wholly different. The novelist can show us 
beautiful |>!aces. make us live in com|Niny with delijjlit liil 
personalities — from Stendhal's Ouchess toTolstoi's Natjicha. 
from Kobinson Crusoe to Diana Warwick. I do not nifan 
merely rtliiidlli/ hnnliihlf ])ersi)ns (no one, I am «ure, 
would care to live with Ivomola or I)aniel I)eronda). hut 
creatures whose vijjorous, harmonious jH>rsonalitips, some- 
times mainly physical, the author has felt as he would 
feel a nu'lody or a sunset, and, in iM>nsei|nence, conveyed 
to us not by mere reproduction of their characteristi«-s. 
but by the far more efficacious means of direct emotional 
contajjion, his admiration, love, delight, inevitably 
kindling ours. Hesides this, there is the sjx'cific lesthetic 
(luality of literature. What it is, I do not, and I sujijiose 



uiyaterioU', rkrii, itmii th<M<- wht'li vr t~«ii iliiult ] 

dnrklv (,'i|e«a, tliri>tl(;h llie •rn««'« •<( >l);lit atul hr^llli, 
fnr ft" rtnv of lhf»«* t-tfrrt* air pfialut-nl \>\ t!.» 
the hovel |«rtl>-||4lte* in the Imlurr of ci<)it-r 
pr<Hlu('tioiii ; I do not •av of other work* of a/t, foi 
cuntiiituilly levrrtiiig to ihr old um- <if urt a« n««-t 
and ci>nfii'ii.^ »ilh l>»T%uty »lial i« ii»«-fr> '«»/i<-, d» 

technii'ul kn«>«lri|;,'e, or l.ii t. 

Hut tl.«- novel can ^rl al.jn;; |«-rlp«-tly mili.' 
mii'h ii'<th<-tic iiualiti)**, a* I ho]*' lo ha»r ahovn 
enuiiieratiniM of tin* iiiaiiv ftix-r )a' toi> of plt-w 
at h-nol, of inteie«t. •hnti lli>- no\r-li>t Ium at i 
.\nd "U" h non-avthetii inl«-fr»i ia •ut)i<'i>-nt, not 
for the reudi-r« who are iimri- x-i^-ntitir, < r ii><>re <; 
or more practical, or more tri-hnii ally int;»-m'. 
leothetic, but •uftiin-nl v\rii fur i»-«tlirt»c r>-«<lrr« ) 
Bcientitic, or dramntii', or ptaclical, or tr. hni-al ! 
and ca|>acitie" ; fur even Ihr iihmI ;i'»lhi-tt< ally • 

jH-rsons mu»t have other •idea to tl.rir < hara<-t« 
thev would !«• iluiicr«, criminaN, |«iui«-r«, U>r 
gem-rnl inia|«al«le!.. The difTfrfn<-e l"-tw«-ii l!.-- 
who are iistheticallv sen-itivi- ami thi»««' »h<> art- • 
ht-re we have the key to the varyun; ]«>«»t ..t 
novels lik-, let u- -^ay, •• .1 Vu'i 'Vx" ") i« ii"t rn«T 
the iixthetic |.eopli< n.«k for U-BUty as tin- MU-nti!. 
knowledge and the dramatic for human emoti..i). t 
the list lift ic |i«>ople -iltfer very acuti-lv when<- 

novel i'iMitain> downiiglit u>;liiie«« ; -nfr'T in a mu' 

|H)-.iiive manner than the scii'ntitic or dratiiatii 

suffers from glarini; absurdity or h'>|»'le"« tnmt 

situation; for in thi- om- i-a.e there i.. irritation or 1« 

in the othi-r something \<-ryini; on p|jy»ii-al di«i;u«t. 

rej^'anling the nn'.el, tin- ijii«-sfion U-i'ine-* dimply : 

in the iiidividu.d < a-e, hap|M-n-< to !•• the •trons 

sati-'fai tion of the inanv non-a^lhftic ia|«<iti«-« f< 

I >ure. or the ilisph-asure iiitlect»'«l on the .■•■■•tii«'tlf 

' by -iiibject or tn-atwiit which do net in the len. 

I any othrr .ravini; of human natun-? It i« a 'jiiei 

fact, betwt'fii the individual writer and the in< 

reader ; and I <louht whether it <rtn ever Iw I 

i|iie-tion of right and wroni;. .Smie jwr<oii. ,- 

' •• ,1 \'ii>i I'liiit " without any misery and witi 

satisfaction, even getting up fn>m their r<*M<ling d< 

' the richer in knowledge an<l sym|«thy. Othep 

j hanowfd that any j>os«ibilities of pb-a-'Urr or j>i 

' ab-iolutely iiaralvMHl, and th'-n* i« no sort of u««» i 

I on with the l>ook. .\ thini chi*s mn get thrmi 

novel in a middle conditi'in of l<nlance<i. nfv 

satisfaction and dis.«ati-'facf ii>n. mvasionally v.iri' 

monnntary pnilominance of plea^un* or l*>athinc- 

1 have veiiture<l to ■'ay that in sin li i|Ue»ti<i: 

I is no absolute right or wrong, and that a N>>k i 

(I have purjHi-ielv cho«en the mo*t e\ce*«ive install' 



100 



LITERATURE. 



[Jul: 



quite the contrnnr ; and, a» I liajd, when* thwe i* notliing 
eb*. the liook hud hest be thrown into the fire. Hut the 
•timuUtion mhirh tlie l>o»»k cnn pive to >ymj>nthetic 
ander»t«n(Hn;; i* a s«oH. a very jjo**! thin^, since we itm 
ne\er have enoujjh of it in life. A noxel like " .\ Vnu 
l*e«u " i"an gi\^ tlie riglit kinii of rrmler an iniTen.*ed 
insight into the tt>njmone»t. but ali» the niont itowerful, 
neeil* and |A''«ioii> of innnkind, nnd in i«> fur it ran tend to 
make hi» attitude nnil notion in life njore useful, or nt 
least lev* iniM-hievou>. It cnn tem-h, moreover, |>ity for 
|»e«»j>le wlio may. perhap, be helped ; teach also renolute 
idealii>m in our own jiensons by discloising the very 
unidenl nloujjh* above which our i-ommon human nature 
iia.- m inM'curely nnd so jmrtinlly mise«| itself. But in the 
question of novels, as in all othen', the most useful thinp. 
I>erha|>s, is to l»e at the same time very iwthetic and very 
rapAble of momentarily shelving our ipstheticism. or 
rather of liein;; able to se«' and understand dispassionately, 
while keeping the most juissionate aversions nnd pre- 
ferences. 



VEUXUX LKE. 



A LESSON OF HT7MILIT7. 



A miirmur of strvet traftic. the eveniiij; p<<Hling of church 
WU •miw Um actuary, ami the panting of a locnmotix** wore 
the •ouimU that <lrift«l from the valley when- tlio town neatlt-d. 
Th« little ol«l viiniaii knew from these sounds tliut luT long. 
•••ry jouriH-y sfooi was almost at an end. A scon- or so of hills 
to elimb had cn-atlv t«xe<l her lungs and aj^-d limbs, and she 
w»« irUd to tind Uiat the tvt-t of the way wa« a long, grnduul 

dcAOBIlt 

It wa* tlie waok-<-iHi market, and alruady lamps were flaring 
in tha Sfjusre, where huckster* oxjioewl their waroa. From the 
•tlanoe of tiie hills, the little oUl woman descen<U-<1 to busy 
rtrewta, brightly illuminat«<l by Uia lights from shop wiiulows. 
Paaaing ami<Ut the throng, it s<<enied to her that folk reganle<I 
h«r as a ttniigrr. for in Uie«a overgrown village* unfamiliar 
(aoaa ar* noticv<l an<l ■canned. But the slightly l>ent ilrab figure 
was too small aofl too insignificant to attract much int^-rest. At 
a crowdwl corner ahe aski'il the way to a quiet, reH|iectalde 
cofee-house, where beds were to let for not more than eightei'U 
penoe a night. Hhe was directed to •' a 'omely little place " in 
I)eck-«titM>t, kept by a moat highly respecte<l wiilow : ami 
thither ahe went immediately, reliovnt by tlio anticipation of the 
cotnfort of t<-a and a lirvside. Her tire<l feet were wit from the 
muddy trudge of n<-arly lift<-«-n mile* ; her akirt \rn» dniggl»?d and 
the wind <>n tlie Downs had disonlerinl her white hair. She felt 
not At to Ih- aetti among folk who ware well cla<l and tidy. 

Tlie larailaily of ItiTerviem Tem|)eranou Hotel received the 
riaitor affably. 

" Ix>oka aa Uiough you've lieen through soTiie rough weather, 
ma'am " she aaid. " Whst ' wallcwl all the waya from Chud- 
lei(h ? Dear, dear '. " 

" And fiom tlie other side of Kxeier tlie ilay before," aaid 
the little old wofnan. 

" Well, yo'j ought t" lie proud, I'm sure, at your time o' 
life ! Sit by tlie fire, ma'am, while I make you a nice cup o' tea. 
Thv kHtle is on tli<- Imil, aixl it won't be long a-sruikini!. I 



that the little old woman's laea was froah-ooloti 
bat alightly wrinkled. Kvidontly site waa t 
ytara well. Hur oyea were gray ; tliey l«Mik 
hail oni-e Immmi blue and bonnie. Shu hud tiikt 
a |Mroel, and wt it u|ion her white hair, 
liei-oming. 

Aft«r her meal the little old woman aaid cli 

" I've enjoyed that oup of tea Tiiry muil 
juat what I wante<l. Do you hapiMoi to know 
moniiiig aervice begins at the Wiwloyan Chapel 

" At eleven, and again at half-iwst nv 
You ro<>an the Reverend Peter l>andridge'a i 
That's the Wealnyan's place of worship. 1' 
myself, tliough I liave bueii t<i hear Mr. l>an<li 
fine gift ! " 

" Yes, it's Mr. Dandridgu's ohapel, I mear 
old woman, " So you've hoanl him preach f 
hitti a fine jireacher '/" 

" (>h, yea, a capital delivery, ma'am ; 
very elever. Uf courae, icr always maintain tli 
body is r.ot 8<i taught aa ua ; but it's aout 
Dai'.dridge preachee." 

" Tliat'a »ll the I<ord wants. I've come 
Mr. Dandridge." 

" Indeed ! Walked all tlioae miles to jua 
for or.co ?" 

" Yea, ma'am ; aye, and proud to do it, t 

Till' little old woman flushed in the fireli: 
the lanillaily that the pink, froali face lool 
younger juat then. 

" Well, it's a fine tiling to hear a giHxl ac 
laiidtwiy. " Mr. I>aiidriilgu can fill that chape! 
Kveii the young follows who uauil to go fishin' « 
Mr. Pethorwin was minister, go to hear Mr. Dar 
that attentive they do. It's surprising !" 

" I'm very glad to hear that. Is it far 
don't want to miaa a aeat, not on any account,' 

" If you're there by half-pant ten you'l 
certain. It's only a few steps from here ; rout 
street . ' ' 

" Thank you. I feel my honea, nm'am. 
boil if 1 may." 

Tired as the little old woman was, she i 
l>enil on her knees and to ofl^er tlianks to UihI f 
the roaliKation of the great desire of her heart 
long while witli her white head U|ion her am 
imploring the Almighty to bless the Reverend 
to prosper his good work in spreading the triil 
and to gather many |)oor, erring sinners into tli 
she arose, the little ohl woman's face was s 
very tender with love. And with thoughts » 
she fell into slumlier. 

II. 

Itefore tl e liells liegnn to clang, the little old 
in her bonnet and cloak to go to the ohaiiel. '1' 
Sunday morn, a hush tliat was holy to her, war 
tlie hills, and the broad river. In a mooil of g 
thankfulness she crossed the squivro and wi-nt i' 
The sun was shining upon the slates, the re<l-bric 
of the chapel, and the pew ofiener, who had 
opening tlie big main doors. As the little oli 
adniiro the haiulsonie structure, for to her it sei 
an elderly man. leuniiig U|ion a slick , crossiMl the 
her with a coml morning. Ho lookiil like a 



July 20, 1899.] 



LITKKATIJRH 



" Not at ikti. Wa'm t'ltd to bn oaniful U> ■nlartain atrmafara 
Bo'/iilia, whnt do I witnt witli n |>«w *ll t» myaalf ' My vulk \m 
»w»y (ruin lioiim klon^ now |)ii| ynu nv«r boar Mr limty 
(Iriilgu 't" 

" Natar ; I'm ii <i«t •tiiioiia In " 

" All, wli.tt B jirouchur, to bn turn ' Han • orotlll t» lim 
CftUOx, liiit'iiiii. " 

'I'liay iliiulv *»irij.IimI thn lir< xi at'-fM aim! |«>a<<l up tlm 
ninlu to > I'liw iixitr tint |>iil|iit. The old iitao, who ou [>l*««»il 
to whilo thn tuna lioforn aurvira with Mi riiloKy of tlio Kavaraixl 
I'atcr Ilainlriil^'a, I'oiitiiinnal to i'onvar>« in whiapora wluiii tbajr 
w»ri' Miute<l in tnx |«w Wlnln ha >ii|ialiatii<l upon fba mini<tar'* 
woiiiliirful powar of or<ttury, tho liltiu old (••iiuin'a Kya* kiiMllKt, 
mill xliii l>«nt tiiT liiiiiil t< liitiui intniitly 

" Ah, hr'll ho (;■■' "''y ''hanK'"'. ' aha miirnnirml '' Tia 
yntim ailioo I anw hiin laat. Wonlil Im Ixi at all (-my yat, air '" 

" N" ; ht>'i Ktill a yonni; ah lo.il(iii' man, aloiitah rulh«'r. 
and woitrn hia hair loii|;iiih iloDii hi« nmk Hi« Viic« la onu o' 
[lowor mill ill lip thliikiii' " 

" l)enr hnnrt, tio<l hlnm him '" m'irm'iri»l thn little olil 
woman. ■• 1 do lon^ ti> wt my eywa on him in;ain " 

" When' mi^'ht yii ha' zoen hnn /" aaknl thr i-liI-Tly mnn. 

" Se«m him ? Oh, I »nw him a loni; time iiRn." hiirrimlly 
mplicd th« Irttlii old woman. " I knnw him well vi»ry widl 
indmid ut ono tini>'. Il«fi)r« hn loft flm oollojje, thnt win. " 

" That would l:e mnny y»nrs in;oniv" 

" Ayp, many yonm. Ah, air, niy h>'i>rt yparna towiiriU 
him !" 5he aniil, ola.ipini; Iut hand* " Ami it^ natiiriil, too. (or 
ho'a my olilost non !" 

Sh" HuhIumI witli iiiiiiRli'it priiln nml ronfiiKinn. rfpri'ttrliinR 
horaolf (oi- thu ilisi-loaiinv Ah ! it was wi>ak of hi-r ; nhn had 
riiaoWnd not to toll a »oul in tho phn-o. Shu una n [""ir, 
uiilonrnod woniiin, hnnlly tnti^'ht oni>ii);h to writo n lottrr 

" Why ahould I lot 'i>m know who I am ?" .ilio htui a«ki>d 
herself. " My INtiT i« a clovir man, the friond of nrli folk, and 
ho luia raimid himanll fur iliovo tho chua in uliuh h« was Iniru. 
Ho would not like a (itiiil>l>y old wmnnn liku lut' to tnk« his nrm 
in tl o stroi't. And maylio tlio IikI'h iiuito riglit, ipiito ri^ht. 
Kolk wouldn't think no hijjhly of him if tl'ey know thiit hiK 
fikthnr was hut i\ ooMilor, nnd liin mothiT tho duii^htor of a 
lalioiu'ing man. It would ill liocoim- mo a.n his mother to try to 
sppi'iir his otiual." 

" Wlittt'.i that, mik'am ? Hi.i motbor ?" ii,»k>d tho iddorly 
man. 

" Yos, I lot it out acridi-ntiil, sir," .ilio aaid (Minitontly. 
" He's fur, fjir ahovi. Iii.i fnmily now u miiii.<lnr and a gontln- 
man. Ho niimil liim.Hilf hy hard .study. 'Twn.'t i.ot from mi' hi> 
got his hruin.s, thou;;li, thnnk God, I gavo him a strong iMnly. 
Ah, I'm proud to luivo horno him !" 

" Indooil, you may ho," said tho oldorly man. '' Of it>iir»«', 
you'll ho .itoppin' w itli him a day or two .' Ha.in't ho zo<>n you 
yot »" 

" N'o, no, I ilon't iiitonil to tlirii-tt mymlf u|>on liim- 
'Twouldn't ho rij;ht of mo." 

" ZiM-ms to mo that you oiiuht to l>o stiiyin' with him," iwiid 
tho oldorly mnn omphati<nlly. " Don't hi' own his mothor ? 
That's strnngo to n\f, if 'tis ro." 

" No, no, sir, hi''s rij;ht, tho lnd'» rij^lit. Ho's loft fathor 
and niothiT for tho Kingdom of Hiavon's sako. Ho's i;ot 
splondid iddicntion and mnthfolk's ways, and I'm hnt a plain 
laliourin^ man's daughtor. I'd hato niy-solf to di.igrao' his houso 
with my liomoly ways and country way of si»'akin;;. Twouldn't 
ho sot>mly of mo, sir, to p>it him to shnmo on any ncroiint.' 

" But has ho out himzolf otl" from tho mothor as l>:iri- him ? 



without bla U-mtty wtali thai, I alxmia OI>, I wti U^ 
I doll t roinplatn 

Ttn' clM|a>t wa* r»|i«<ll|r bllti^ Willi i»oU-<k — ■ 1 1 wi 
With a ruatiiiHt v' allk, a tM»>Ma uaaaxMi U«l Imif ga 
dai>fht»ra ia|> li>o aatle Oim^ ut Uui gitU «»<•• d 
hau,(Klily al (tm alranKis lit(l<- oUi suuMii li. K'wB>rr Lr 
A nunilxir •>! young mni uxl vomni atiatiifni ibctnaii 
• kotr •mCa . an Mii|iu(ta<it iiutulaf iuu|itM«l luodly, aii 
(oldi'd ^ruM in a luriirr, a'ul (iK-f *•!■ tlilSaU (ij;, 
wliispi nn(* Iroiii a • Umi •<( liitlo |irU I'twmnAi) 
■ iMl'lon d(op hiiah, tlui IUiiri.ri^t)d !'«<«■? ItaiMirttljft, aa>i 
pulpit alei* 'Vhf llttU iM mutaait tittm u> Im« br'alh 
a louk n( in»lf*b|i ymmUtii Hxnl li«,r •ryva >i|«ici bixi 

Th" iiiiniBtor aaa )>url). with wMltk t>( <lM<it ai- 
arm* W hdn !>■< |i«ajrt>l >it<'titi), llw Kin i.-U«<'>«l ' (^ 
liair alkl hiiahy bcAfil ila/ol a tll> aJi a<loriii|( lu> ■ 
niothor MKiiirtl to •no a halo ■>( (U>ry alxnit hrr toi. • 
»h>'ii hi' si'iki'. hia voio' t)irill'<l Ui b>r h-a/t li 
worth) i>( a hymn with diadiul arttrulaliuri Ilia pl<i 
Willi a tho k Kolil rini; oo oi.o ut ili>. Iin||>r>, Kra«|a<l 
Ivtltftt of iho |Milpit, afwl whrn ho aat ilown, he *iik">'tiwi 
aiiliiirn hall, itiid iiit/JMl maplaontly uiaiii bu ■••agrft 

Thoii;;h t)i<t 4ir waa »iia that tho Uttla ol t wuioaii I 
shb could nut aiiiK llin hyino TlMrn waa a lump lo Im 
ami with luiniy oyna aim Inlliiaml tka w'xiU in ih* l< 
hor nitiphltoiir K'*^" lotu Iwr hawU Not in ail h«-r da; 
heard sin|(inK "' iikIoIioik, tlwt l«aiiti(al stratiu < 
trans|iort thn >oid iiito a iioldar •(•(■• of owcu-tuam^ 

Thr wrvici' omil"!, and tho mini<l*r o|a>iM>l tb» nut» 
Ktory oiui in the rhaiK'l aat drepjy alta-ntitn a« lua ma 
twu'o thptUKh 111 • lixwi. ' Icar roii ■ 

'* W'hoMiMtvor tlii*r«'ffir« ahull liumhle hiiiiattif «a 
rhlld, thit name is llio iiicatoat in Uie Kin||do(n ••! llawT 

His iii|XMitl<>ii »iu< idiH|iifnt. li" ilrAnrii t^« 
liumility, and oxtollul it-> pr.otlin in tho Chriatlai> lifo 
rart'fully on tho sin oi t :tin.,doriou<n"«a, aivl aiiowinj 
moll iro ixiu.il ill tho ai;;ht of <ii»l. aid themfof*. *|t 
Clmrrli of I'hrisl. Tho litlU old »om^n aat with hrr 
forward, with wondorful doiotion u|«in hor (».:»• 
swolhil with a i^ait prido a* hor oyi-a lB<aiiw4i ii|«n 
foatiiroa. How far alaivo hor ho was in graiti . ho' 
(JotI s ri^'htoous wisilom l-.id {••••II roai'jloal to him ' Ah 
a triio honour to ta- Umi motla-r ol thia a|>lMMlii! ini 
ntt<iranii- swayo<i tho thouuhta an<l t'>u< hoil tU' i^ocu 
all hia a.irnrat liatrnors Sim had mA Iit<<«I in rain . 
Lord luul yioldi><l hor a pricelraa privdot,'f atvn }{> 
that she tliould l<o tlio mnthiT «( a crtnat oraoxeliat 
Slight rovnl for a niomont alon^ tlw* row* of pna, 
pious prople, youQ;; ami old. Tbeo- waa Dot a liatln 
a linulo rountonanro. 

" My I'.'tora wonls f' «»r»i«rht tt. their bm* 
thoiu'ht. 

" Ah, my friond*. vo muat not Ir> aahamrd lo hu 
it'lvoa. to IxH-ome as little t-hildran," •mil the [ c oechor . 
is a temhio dofeet of human naturo , but wo who la 
the old Adam, tiio natural roan aixt t;irmi unr Ixtarl- 
arw poor in spirit that wo may l>o rirh in Kr»t». Our 
to tho tooohin;; of humility muat ho shown in U>o iieil% 
our liiros. in i>iir <-oiHluot towanis thoa«' in our ompjoyi 
in our family comtTna. Wo must yitdil i|ol»r»i»co l«> 
nnd forlio«r to apoek wth di»lain <•( oi:r inwiy hr^ 
Ihoao who havo t>«<»<n donioil the a.lvanta£<> oi rdiiralioc 
romomt er that tho I h»e whom wo »<>rvr stands aa tl 
tyyio ■>( loto and meoknoes. " 



102 



LITERATURE. 



[July 



ii|;kt*L>uaiMt«." »b*'iniinn'ir«<l. " Itcnr la>l ' Ih>w Ix^iiiiful h« 
tie praa^ti ' N( , I kn<-w uty |>1»(« lu • Immdlo woiiuui. My 
haart i« full cf UmUr \o\t> for my IVl«r : I will not thrift 
ujrwlf \i\«n him To My him, to h<«r him i* happinew to raf." 

Karmrr I^nuw »lHH>k hi* lioail •olfmnlv aixl turii<<«I over tlio 
l<«rM »f th« hymn-lkH'k hutily. Tt.o littli< motlifr n-m»iiie<l 
nalail with > ml t<««l«mnM in Iter rm|4 K»f kt Ow jxilpit. A 
coll«ctinj; plalx vua pxxt] to hrr, umI (rttm a ■Imliby little piir*« 
»be t«>i-k > »llillin|{. 

" It'* OTfr, ma'am." taiil tkf (Bniwr, liruoliin); hi* hnt with 
bi* cy>«t ■!••¥«. 

•• Ah \9m, it"* o«rr." nho r««p«vit«il, with > <l«>«p Bi^h. 

T1m> Ki^vrMxl l'vt«r Ihintlridga liriikly iit«ppotl from t)i<< 
pulfit ami wrnt t>> thr vt"«try. 

" I'll aak y»«i to o>me to my )i<><im>, mn'am, only nil my 
tolk l« a«ay, and the cal'a very youiif;." Kaiil Kartnor l.4>ar». 

•• Tk*iik yoti. I'll \v ptttiii' l>ack to the Tem|>pranc«,'" 
•be iv<|ain<li'<l . " ttuink you nil the •anx', air." 

" Well, a man who won't own hi* own mothvr " began 
tb« farmer iiMlieiiitatJy. 

•• Hu»h. pleaae, air," *ht< ehM-k^l him, " It'i not tJie way 
to |Kit it. a* I toltl you. I wi*h you a poo<l day, (ir, and thank* 
(or the i»at you'»e given mi'." 

The faniM-r f:a^e hi* hand to her, and, muttering gnilHy, he 
joine*) the CTowd in t!u> ai«le. >Vh<-n the throng had panMMl, 
tbe pr«u-her'* mother ar<>»t', dn-w down a tilat-k reil Itefore her 
moUtoned aye*, ami loft the i-hapi-l. A* *ho went up the *treet 
h«r »on pameil hy within touch of her hand, walking with an 
•rvct and pom|<ou» carria^:*. An impiiliie to otay him oei/iil th<' 
littJe old woman. Oh ! to hold him to hi-r Imsom for oni- 
innmebt ' But lie »a* many *trid<>ii aheatl alrt-ady, anil in a 
minute hio 6gure wa* ahut from her devoiiiing gaze by a family 
jfroup. She alowly croaaeal the sunny aiiuan- to Back-*tn>et. 

<5E<>KH<KY MOHTIMKU. 



flotcs. 



In n«"xt we«k'» LitmitHi- " Among My book* " will l>e by 
Profeaaor IXowileD. 

• « • • 

It will be like the caprice of that nioBt fickli- ami incalciiliilili' 
of eiithiiaiaata known aa " the public " if, after having cncnur- 
ageil the rommemumtioti of all aort* of dvpKit<*<l worthic-a 
wh«-ther deserving or iirnh aerring of the honour, it is goin;; to 
neglect the cvntenary of un Kngliah [Met whonv title to i-eini-m- 
Iranoe i*, or at any r.ite onght to Iw, undiiiputwl. Acconling to 
a lit«Tary c«>ntfm|«rary, wo an* promiaiKl « di*H|i|iointra<'iit of 
thi* kiiMi ill Uie ca*« of Cowper. 'J'lu- project of cvU-bnitiiig the 
humlmith annireraary of the |io<t'* ibiith on A|Til 'Joth, IKU(l, 
liy arcjuiring hi* bou*<', in ii]>|uir«iitly fioliiig to coiniiii-u<l itself 
to the i«opl« of (Hm-y. It i« (Hmsiblo that the paiticulnr form 
which tlte proposal has taken that, namtly, of piiichaKing the 
house ami kr«ping <'owper'ii (utrlour " sacraxl to his memory," 
while lettio;: the nst nf the t«n<*nii'iit may not strike the local 
mitwt a* tjnite a eati*fa<-tory oiip, and it might inde«il be 
•ttf^ib-al. like tiiat of the suggosteil pri-nervation lof the garden 
Bod aunmer-houaf oti the same conditions, with ob»'ious 
inc<«veiiienr«* : but we tni>t that the house will not lie sulfiToil, 
through any dilTiTi-nn-* of opinion on thi* score, to ]»** int'i 
•lien ami indiffen-nt hand*. 

• • • • 

No doubt f'cTwper's amlii-nc* in thi-se dayn is of that d. scrii^- 



year* tliat hi* chance of recovering jxipulari 
non-ex iateiit. It is th» position which he 
hiatory of Kngli*h |HH<try which constitutes 
rfuieiiilinuK<(> ; it is as a pioneer of u p<M>tic n 
name should !« preservtHl. To allow it to I 
" dumb forgatfulneaa " would l>e to display a wi 
one of tlie iiioiit int«n<stiiig and remarkable of lit 
rvcorilod in the annals of ancifiit or modor 
though that movement, by whatever name we ( 
-Konwiitic Ib'vival, Naturalist lieactioii, or 
destinoil to lie guidod t<i great<-r issues by men 
genius than <"ow|i«'r, lu- was more assurtidly i 
inspii^er than <^iray, or Thomson, or lUako bimw 

• • • 

On tlie other hand, though the thnni hundi 
of Edmund SpeiiHer'a death, last January, wo* 
without ileiiioiistration, it is now aiiiiounce<I tho 
Taylors' ('oni|>any is aliout to jiny a tribute to hi 
a commemorative stained glass window in its 1 
surprising if some foreign critic, ignorant of our i- 
does not seiie u|K>n the opportunity of remark 
not U' generally known that the author of the " 
was a tailor by profession, and drawing a graph 
]>oet coiii|>osing his iiiiinortAl work while he 
stitching doublets. As a niatti>r of fact, of 
connexion with the .Merchant Taylors is limitetl 
he was e<lucaUHl at their school. He onterei 
an- two mentions of his pn-si-nco thoro in 
regi*t«T. Ill one he is inrludiil among tliirty-< 
schoUers of the scholl* uboute London." The 
heading of •■ Geven to |Hior sohollers of divers gi 
runs, "To h^lmond Spcnsaio, SchoUer of the 
Hcliolles, at his gowinge to IVnibrockv Hall in ( 
The poet's hea<lniaster was Kichard Mulcaster. 

• ♦ « 

In the pajH'r on " The Art of Poetry with i 
Writ<'r»." read by Lady Lindsay at the Womii 
Congress, and now publishetl by Mestrs. 
accomplished eHsayist has been somewhat 
her doubtless well ailvis(<4l dinision to re 
inention of living names. Herself a notic 
graceful V(!r8e, she is no doubt ]icrfectly well ai 
apjireciates the leceiit achievements of her se; 
of literature ; ami she can hantly fail to have felt 
itjfen-nce to these her enumeration, of what 
calleil " The Train of Sapjiho," is sadly incompl 
I.,eRbian | outess downward is." says Lady Lin 
Bomnwhat empty cry." It is much loss empty, 
used t<i b«. "We must leap,'' says Laily Line 
but little previous to our own, when in Knglar 
i<.K.L., Joanna Baillie, Mrs. liarbaiild, and E 
d-lelirit'es "; while " nearer t<i us in more wa; 
KliKabeth Barrett Urowning, Adelaide I»ix 
Itossetti, and Jean Ingelow." As a matter of ( 
have only to make our leap a little longer and v 
among a la^vy of wonian-|K>ets who, if not Uie I'l 
tliiril. Mild foiiith of those last mentione<l ladi 
lioiir com|>arison with if they do not in many o 
second not only in artistic accomplisbmi^nt whii 
surprising conaidering how se<Iulously Uie art hai 
by Women during the last ten or fifteen yearn 
|K«etic gift. No doubt it is true that the " fen 
for whom tlie twentieth century loudly calls " si 
her coming. But does the male Sliakesfieare eit 

• • « 



July 29, 1809.] 



LITKKATrHK. 



rinht, of fiounm, to i»Ji«'KTi.it» tlii« (•ilurn with th« ilniaion t<i i 
(<xulu(li> ali-otiolio ntiiniil iiit« fnim tlia KiatraliHiMl groiiiiil* , 
otlH'iTrin), <>nn inii;lit i|iiiil« linricii nD tlio •ulijwt of <'.iri"ii><i 
i/iiir iiriiliiiiilnr m/'iir fuiiiuilni), nml ilmw • mural It m<i«l lai \ 
addixl, niiireovnr, tliat ••■iim i>( llm n>r«<'« of tlm iiitx'tirn; in wtiicd ^ 
tli« ('oil" |>ruii>ti<l tliiiiii«<lti>t wnrti Imr lly ii|> to tlm lH«t (Vllio I 
llunikiiiKiiiioit form. A<i, for a\um|>K< : 

\Vi< do not H'liint th« enilty |>riiin 

Of ooiii|iiiiitt or ilomiiilon, 
Or I'litiiii jMiao'ii^idii of th» alkin* 

On blouil lH'<lrit;(Kl'<il |»nion 

If ottmra atv *« li>K ImiIiIii>I, 

Wii tit- iM'hind to l«avi<n 
TliK aordid miKa of liiim^n kind 

With liri> »«nt from lln.iv«ti 

W<i itnvy not your (orwnrd atand, 

Vii |iiio|ilii cold and rU\«r : 
III i;nnaroitii limirt nnd ojiun liand 

Tli« Cidt* i>ri< limt for aver. 

Thia alliiaion to thi< " o|Min lumd " on an cxrajiion on wliicli 

£":;(10 Worth of priisoa «'<'r<> ilftainixl in th« iixi'hiH|iii<r miml ha\i< 

•truck aoini' of the dia»|>|>oint«<l coni|M'tit<>rii iia «in|*ularly 

inappropriate. 

• • » • 

Anothor litornry ({■'^'"''ini; fri>ii.:lit with |>oiiiiiliiIitii'« i* 
•nnotini'ud for thn month of Aii;;iiiit. Tliia ia iiothini; l«iii< thun 
• coriRrt'aa of Poota, to 1h> InOd in tlm di-pirtmi-nt of Hi'rixilt, in 
Provonco. I'ot'tionl comiHiaitions will Im ri-<-it<><l hy itrtiKt"a from 
thti Comt^dii' Kntii^-»ini< ; nnd the |>o«ta nnd tint plnyi'ia »ill aft<'r- 
ward* dinn to^jothcr. Whi'thi>r thn »iiii;or« will projKwo nnd 
diacusa moaaurca for tlu' ndrniu'i'nu'nt of th» int<>riii<ta of tlo'ir 
ordor ia not atat*'<l. An nKitntion for a »itiuiit>'iii wn;;i> for {xM-ta 
would cnrtainly br nppropriat4' in tlm country in which V'orlaim' 
(in his prime) ha<l to l><> aatiat'uHl with fivn frnma for a xoniii't : 
and It pro|>oanl to try to raian tho prici- of (lootry hy r>'«trii-tiiii; 
tho output would hnnlly meet with markiol di.tnpprovnl on th» 
p«rt of oittuT ri'ail<>ra or ttlitorn. Itut thia iit a miitt«r that would 
be b<'ttor dittcnaaod in tho columna ot tite Anlhoi than hi'r<-. 
* • • • 

Concerning yot another litornry foatirnl, n corTOK|>ond«iit 
writes : " It ia not genemlly known that thn Ii<iltnn« hVntivnl, 
which ia aiiid to hnvu Iwm tho occnaion of thn writing of the 
ancient Scottish i>o»im commeiicin); — 

At liolt'ivn quhen ilk iHxIio bownis 
To Pohlis to the Pluy 

(tho autlior!<liip of which i!i .sometimes nttributod to JamoH I. nf 
Scothiud), i.t .still oliservoil in I'eehle.^. Somo of the .HjKirta 
formerly utiaocintt^l with the festival are, of course, not n^m- 
indulged in ; hut the festival is a. ill holil annually, and wn." ivlc- 
hrute<l only tho othor day. In itaolf it is a curiomt surviml : by 
Roino anti<|Uario.-< it '\» sup|i<iaod to Ui ii relic of thn worship of 
Biinl. Tho piK'Ui, ' Poblis to the I'luy,' contiiiiiea to 1«< the »iilij«».t 
of controversy, hut some even of those who inaist that .laiims I. 
was the author of ' The Kiiij;'a C^uhair ' ih-ny that he couhl have 
writton ' At lU'ltuyn.' Professor Skoal holds that. ' if we an' to 
have any ni;ard at all to tho laniju.ige, stylo, and metro,' it 
cuiinot Ih) sot iliiun to an oarlior d.ito than half a centiii^ orm<vn< 
after J4;t7. Percy, Warton, Hitson, and i>theis as.si;;n the author- 
ship of both • Poblis to tho Play ' and • tlirist's Kirk on the 
Oroon ' to James V. of Scotland." 

» # « • 

The publication in ifiribiin't Minin-.tur of \l. I.. Steven- 
son's remarks on the be^iniiini;8 of novols reminds us that in the 
c<litorial note to the " Weirof Hormi.ston " »e have alreaily h-nril 
soniothini; of what he thouiiht tin the subjiHt. In a h'ttir to Mr. 



li»K>>M lo mtd Wall, aiMl limit trick* yvi aiwl c«>l> ill 

tiiia t»/M) them (a *of*« tmUuni, (•» Uf- ill eo-lib^ 

inliaraiilly ■••<i« fiom tlta plot It iniifLt »■■ I 

j-iut.l , it iKioUiil Dot , anil, Ulilnu l>«««l« moat, ■•• U» 

lu iMili our rnattora. .S(ai««iiaaii a»» plain!; rU"U,{l. I 

tiiall) i;tf>al iiotnl, in|>arila>l a* a «ork ol art. li^'fr to* 

InatitablnnmtaaiMl a unifoiinity >4 kiy Uirmgh' ut tlw 

Very •iiialltlM abUh aro larkiittt in all l'<4t • )•« K-n,;ti 
• a a • 

Th« fact la iha atrfaga Kli.'llah »««»«l"f ■Wtaai^'a 

Ihinsja ■ nt»»\ mlttry .^...-■i..«.j..,' ».>(.. • B«>«l atwry 

which itiula happtly. A i*. I m « I »»■.«» of rntt j;r««t«ii 

lionii cofitoiil to tail lluiir alury, ai»l, harilHt t"l'l ■* 

torily to win I it 'ip with half ••bKe:. xvklliiKa •li'l 

l.appiiioa* for •orsr attairaaiiU. Tli«< ii,ai;a«.IK*. alo 

l«<t iiiilex of public taaU'. Iiata ^ |>tfsrt iiiAiila lot 

'■ Till- l.i((ht nial Kailnil," wbich, ffon It* ('•.■inniu,' 

one jKMUible Olid, .Mr l(u Ijrard Kipllii); aaa uMifril 

into a hiippy iaaon f -r p'ir|>"«^a of anrtal I'lMiratiun 

n caae in whi' h the ahola c<iiir«<|,ti.,ti t>-ii>l«rl luaa-'- 

cataatroplw, but. of ourw, iharn la a • Tirtua iti a !»" 

luilly if " it neavlnl not " Aa a lula only thai oittov 

roferrtnl to now and a|{ain by mrtaiii r''»iew<-ta »• " 

novid rmwh'r " likra « novid loatwl Itailly K"r him, f< 

iMxika that end ludly ar» the t>o>ka thtt eti-l woll. II 

doxically, only ph-aaaol when li« la) iliaa|r|>>int<M| It i 

ia la-«t ploaaa'tl when he gets a atitry which, lik" " Tb<' 

the Tiger." di'«a n'>t aixl at all Ibit lliara la aiM>tl« 

)>iM>k which is a \<»uk witleoit end namaly, Ui 

is int«ndo<l t" huve a iixiiinl. Wa may cita a* ai 

" .Sylrie anil llnuio." in which, howevi-r, .ih" mlri 

second |>art waa ih'ttntml by no roviower aiMl lady t>% 

child. 

a • • a 

H<iw fi-w novnia there aie u( whirh Uiv eixliiiK* ar< 
•elves, ttiiiii'S of U<auty uiel a joy for over ! H>>« fe* 
the unity of piir|k>M-, of cluracler, ttint of p|i4 aro |«i 
ceivisl and purfi-ctly coiicliidixl ! One of iho few la ■' 
which ends with that splendid ir>um' <if Voltaira'a IT'-. 
Sophy, "Celn est bion dit nvais il faiit ciltKer noti 
Anothor l>ook-<'ii<lini;, that livea in tho menK«7r aa |> 
way, is tlio chapter entitled " L'horlio cacho at la plu 
with which Alitor Hugo concludnl "^Lva Mia^fablMi.' 
p'Wsiblo to for(;et .loan \ al^oun a epitaph 

II dort Ouoiqua le S4irt fnt j"iiir lui bien r'tnutu 
II vivait. II niouriit >|iiaiHl il n • ut plus aoii anj 
I,a cliiKia- siiuplemeui d'elle-mi''iiv> arn^a. 
Comme la nult pe f.tit lort'p.e le ;<'ur s'en ta. 

■Vnil of iiHKlom French authors, M. P»ii! lioureofa " 
Tr»t;i<|Ue " is brought to a c|.>m- witli oim* uf tb« n><>a 
and nppropriati' piisea of melancholy proao that] ': 
writt<'ii. Mr. (SiMirgo Mer-lith, if in " iUohanI Four. 
shown US what t> avoid, has giton us elsr«h<.' 
one admirable oiidin);. Could thero ls> n taofo witty i 
ful conclusion to " Kv.iii Marrii:gt"a ' than tba Ut 
("oiintess do Saldar de Sancvrvo l.» her siatrr 
Laurence Storno w;i.s a supreme artist •!> thia matter, 
after reailini; tho " .S-ntiiuental .louttiey." ••n<« foals tli 
U>en rambling on tho aly witli a dis('rei|it*l>le |«(s<>n. I 
not !•«> doniiMl that, fn>ni tlio puroly t«chnu-al point of 
la>t chapter aiMl Us final sjoaK'piwia ar<- not tho 1 
(■art of that manrsllously cb'Ter Uxik. Itut pi 
most atlmirable conclusion over poiuK^I is that ' 
" Synn>«>aium. '" 



I(M 



LITERATURR 



[July 



ol a Ur(« bodj of riiitw *lian h* •-ajkxl the B«>hn I.ihrmrHia " an 

iBinrlaBt kmW of cSoap liU<rmtur« fur irhtrh rvwy living woikpr 

in UiM o-uiilnr who draw gtrmcth fl>>iii tho fmMt had n-aaon to \<f 

psWul " R««17 H-hnolK-v <iU(;ht to know that Kmi-nuin <!<•- 

■crilMnl Mr IV>hn'( " ml* " u " havinf; iloim fur littTaturv 

wbat railn>a<)a tiatl >lt>nr for international int<>r\-0(irM<. " Cnrlyln 

e^Uad Bohn'a PuMi<-ation Sorio* '* tho UM'fullMt tliini; he kn<-w." 

TIm» btwk* wkirh «i>n> couaiflomi aiK-h a manpl of rhoajino** 

loftY yar» »0> ara n<>a ulfm'il at tittle iui>r« Ui.m lulf priov to 

mmIi •• takr • uuant:tT 

• • • • 

The name o( tlie Salutation Tavrm, in Newpat<'-iitrBi»t 

darmorlr iha Salutation aiiH (Vit), wliirh ia nl<out to Im> sold, i* a« 

faaiiliar aa that <>l thx Mermaid V> the liteniry rK«d<<r. Cliarlea 

Ijanb, in fk«li<-atin|; hi* vorlca to ('olcridpp in IRIH, m»de thnt 

vary mntpari^nn. without iH<oci«arily i-laimin;; Sliaki>«pcarian 

rMik (or S. T. <". or hiinaolf. '• Sumo o( tlie Sonneta," he wrote, 

" may ka|>ly aw&km in you ren>emhnuioi>«, which I ahoald l<e 

aorry »hould he erer totally extim-t. the menioiy — 

' Of mmmer dayn and of dcliphtful ye^m,' 

even ai> far liafk a» th<>M> old Fup]w>ni at our old Ralutation Inn, 

wbvn life waa freah and to|iir« exluiuatleas and you lirst 

kindl*! in ma. if not the power, yet the lore of jKX'try and 

beauty and kindlinea« 

What word* have I hoard 

Spoke at the Mt-rmaid ! ' ' 
In I.Amh'a letter* there an< many alluniont to hia affection for 
this old plar* of meeting;. whi< h had Iwen a literary haunt all 
thraa|;h the <'iKht<«nth oentury. and otill held th<- flavour of Sir 
(*hristoph«r Wn-n'a tobacco. Lamh told <5olerid(ro that hf wan 
fond of imacininK to himaelf " the little MDoky room at the 
iUotation and Cat, when* we have iMt together throuf;h thi> 
wintrr iiif;ht«, Itrguilinc tlw raro» of life with 1'<m-«_v. Klsowhore 
he pxplaini that drinliini: egg-hot (Lamb did not share the fat 
knii^'n bilimia oontempt for pullft-«]>awn in hi* brewage) and 
tnnokinf: Oronooko were " a«W'ciat<«I rircunii<tiinre» which ever 
forcibly racall to my mirKi our ervninyr* arnl nights at tho 
Salutation." Hiii tramlation of nnrirt firrur fir P'um wa« nighta 
epent in " that nice little *moky room at the Salutation, with all 
it* aaanciatod train of pipea, tobacco, ogg-)iot, welsh-rabbit, 
metaphyaica, and poetry." It i« t<> !« hoped that a tavern so rich 
in BMrnorie* of I/amb and Colf-ridga will not be allowed to nhare 
the throatomd fate of th«ir old school, and give place to xome 
more ux-ful or pretentious modern edifice. 

• • • • 

So much ha« been he.tr<l from time to titna of the bucocka of 
poaiM- oollecting, and of the high iirices obtainerl for [>Ofitcni sold 
by auction abroad, that the newn of a »ale of conKideraMe jiro- 
portiona by Meaara. Robin»on and Fisher on the llHli in!«t. 
attracted m goo<l deal of attention. The collection, fonnerly in 
the poaaeesion of Mr. Kmeet Hart, included a goo<1 many fine 
exain|i|ea of the work of such old MAitres d"Affiche as Clu^ret and 
Oraaaett, aa well aa examples Ipy such younger m<-n as Reginald 
Clearer and Macintoah. The prices realized were, however, 
abanni, and sh«we«l. from a pecuniary point of view, that 
the poster collertxir wim taking hims«-lf too aerioasly. Kino 
sinirle example* by I.autre<\ •'hi'ret, (irassett. and Boutet 
«le Monvel over »n«l over again faileil to secure a hid and hail to 
he lum|»«l together with other». sometimes to the number of ten 
or a down, liefore an offer of a few shillings could be obtained 
for the lot. Kren •■ne of Ora««ett> cI»v«t (io*t«rs of Sarah 
Benilwrdt aa J<«n cl'Arr was t«Mie(l without a hiil, and the same 
fate befall Wil)ett<-'s famntis black Hn<l white " Carwlidata Anti- 
Semita " |<iater with the inscription. •' Klect<-tir», I..es Juifs ne 



of his novel, " RaaurrtH.-tion. " A volume U-foi 
Ali-an'a Library uf Ct>nt«mpoi-ary Philoaophy - " 
deTolatui," Sy M. (>asip-Louri4 (fr. 2.bU)— con< 
Htatement of Tolstoi's moral evolution, will niak 
over the priMlurtion of hia religious novel tlie t 
to Uh' reader. .Vii/Zn ilir* nur liivii it far 
motto for Tolstoi's w<irk. In this study 
philosophical writer, a chapter on Tolstoi's 
attracts fS|«cial attention lieoause uf ita origii 
luvonling t*i M. Ossip-Louri^, has indetsl l«>i n 
he is not nu'rely, as M. Victor Hasch r»>oontly 
.lean-.Iacques of the nineteenth century, nor v 
.lesus. but tho prophet of a religion more akin 1 
to Cll^i^tinllit^^ Iteiian has already pointed out, 
<•( iRDiel," that Judaism kuixH'jhIimI in obtainii 
ilevotion without ever apjiealing to Impes in a i\ 
T<ilKt<ii is hiiiiM'lf a prujihet oi Israel in the opini 
I.ourie, who has many able argumcnbi to support 
• ' • • 

At the jm'sent moment there is a tiniqii 
articles conncct<'<l with Ktissian literature and fc 
at the ofli<-e« of the AngU>-Ruivtian, 21, Pat 
niwidi's original MSS., it coinprisen various sjHvi 
illustrated Inioks and i>a|icrH, medals uml urlisti 
canis commemorative of the poet Pushkin, 
celebrat4(d authors. There are also a number of ar 
iatio of Russian aiiocial industries, ^ucll as the fi 
and a variety of sacrod images (icons), tliu wo 
foniiH the chief stumbling-block Iwtucwn the ( 
Church and the Diswiiters. The collection is op 
every day, except Saturdoys, from three to five p 
» • ♦ 

The raemlierK of tlie " F<iurth Rstnte " in H< 
made her Majesty Queen Williclmina the ai)pi 
five tsHtefully liound volumes, containing the 
principal Euro|>ean languages <if the ix>cent fe 
ncxion with her Majesty's coronation. 
• • • 

Mr. John Foster Fraser has accepte.l tho ©il 
Tfvtfilf ATagnziiif in succession to Mr. David \ 
retires. Mr. PVaser will lie res]Kinsible for the ( 
which liegins a new volume of the magazine. 



Hmcrican %cttcx 



SOME 8UOOB8TIONS PROM MR. Mc 
In Mr. Justin Mi-Carthy's very entertain! 
amiable '* Reminiscences " he has some chaptei 
America which are ]H<culiarly interesting to 
remembers its outilated facts aa ]Hirt of his own e: 
chajiters r<'IaU' to the two visita he paid this < 
cannot be sure that the America he saw in 1886 i 
less like the lost Atlantis than the America of 18! 
the later America se<>ms a little farthiT off tl 
though this is ]ierha)ia becaum- it waa of a less 
an<l remains leas distinctly in the mi-mory. Wher 
first came to lis we wer»^ still only five years from 
gn-at Civil War, we had its heroes and ita state) 
IIS, and We were still in the glow of the touching fai 
now living will recall, that this war had riclit''< 
Wen- nationally heir to, and we had but to jirosjHT 
on the happy lines of emanci|>ation ami recni 

t.rtitililiMi liv tlifi««* utMM'friM iif t-ni>tf. fi.iir) luKniir t.r. .1 



T 



July 29, 1899.] 



LITEIUTLUK. 



h<t||iart t<> nutvii my oirii iiriiffriTicr Anuiicit hail »t !• iwt ttm 
<:linriii ■>( nil imtiri' imvilty fur liirii Uiin, and hr had Ihitl |>lrMiiirr 
of It ilim^iivi'i'Kr III u« wliiiih naiuKit Iki tsknti nw»y lr<<iii tli< tiat'T 
iif a iili'uiip< |x«>|ili', no ifinlU'r Imw lat« liiii viiit ii |ai>l Ibaiilia, 
hi< wan It iiiuiili yiriiii|{i'i' timii, ami hi< waa in tlii' (('"" "' '■>• 
Myiii|int.liy tvilh tlii' I'liion cauiw, wliich iiuulr liiiii 'ai^ir tn *<<' 
Uii< nii'n wlio i.'oiitriliiilitl to its lriiini|iti llf 'aw (tnnt bimI 
Mhttriiliiii, (inu'hy iinil Itryaiit, Miiniiirr ami tU«<rhir, l.<<«r< II ainl 
Wi'iiiliill I'liillii*, l'!i<lirii-k Dou^lumi iiinl Kin><r«>n, »ii<l i»lif»i.r 
kIik wit* iif iii>l<i III Aiiiiriiaii iititt<niiiuiii<lil|>, M>lilii'r>hl|i, or 
iiutlii>r»lii|>, with riitliolir u|>|>riH'i.ttiiiii itiiil a CVItii: •iijiiymi'lit 
which Itiry thnml with him Hi' ■ niiii' ri<>>illii|; uri'l aliiio«t 
writing; our liliTitluii', itiiil ilurin^ thi' yi-ar of hin alay h<- ■hiiwol 
hiiiini'lf ml iiaturully iili Amiriiuii that Suiiimr iirKwl hitii to 
tx-ciiiitii iiittiiritlixiti itii'l to niiiiaiit iMrnmiii'iitly w ith iii Thii 
wan tttoilly or «X|ili<'itly the winh |irfilial>ly of all who mot hint 
hut if ho hitti roiiiplimi wi< nhoiilil huvn lN<rii ilxpriviol ( I niii 
Minaihln uf Mime i'<iiifu»i'>ii Iiitd) of thi' |ili'a<iuri' <■( hl> xtoiuI 
viait, whi'M hii ciiiiu' in tlm iuiI'Hi of Irinh lli>in<' Itllli', whirh h>' 
IumI aHiHiiixml on (^'oiii^' hitck to Kii|;liinil 

What hp haM to nay of our liltr.iry roiiilitionn, hoM-mir, i« 
what in c'hiony int«i'<ii<tiii|; in hin moiil of hi« fiml vinit.niitl it U 
MUggitNtivi' of (iK'tM which hi' ilocn not iliri-<'tly loiirh iii^oii. Tin' 
(itiornioiia <'X|mni<ioii of our litrraturi', or (if th<i tnori' rritiral will 
uot allow that) of our »iilhorKlii|>, or nl loniit of our piihluation, 
hiul hurilly yi't ti«);un. V\'i< hail two mn);ur.iii)'i>, (h>' .If/imd.' in 
Roaton unil llor/iri't in Nnw York, whirh wi'rn of I'stahlixlnnl 
an<i lar^i iirccjitanci', hut in Now York tho iliilnni, to which 
Mr. McCarthy wan iin »>arly anil fmonritc rontrihutor, wim 
bfiKiniiin^ to niakii itn way. 'I'ho .Vnd.... wi>« thru tho chief, if 
not tho Nolc. criticiil authority oiit»i>l«' of thr Allitntw itnil tho 
North Atnrriiitn Rfrinr; hut ncviTitl woikly ni'wa|«n>prn, or weekly 
iNlitionn, w«ri< of n critical <(iiiility, iiiorr or Ii>.im <le,iile<l. Mr. 
McCarthy mot Mr. (icoij^o Itijilcy, the founihr of Itrook Karni, 
who wild thcacioiiipliiihod litiiary iHlitor of thi> New York Tiihn„r ; 
and there wiia u widi' ilitTufiion of an intellif^ent intareat in 
liturature, whu-h found ox|ireitHi«n in rovicwn printml in Icadiinj 
|M)Iitical ami rvligiouii journal*. 

Our fiction an yet wan only in it" l>e^inniii(;, hut I nupixiMi 
tliore CAn be no ipieHlion hut our |ioetry witx of n murk wliirh it 
luu dince fallen U'low. With Ijonufellow, Knieiiion, }lotnie<i, 
Wbitlier, Lowell, Mm. Howe, lUyard Taylor, Ui.' StixMaids 
conHtantly contrihutin); to the mitKa/.ineM, and with Mr. Sl<<<lmau 
and Mr. Aldrich in their |irinie, and the Pialt.i adding it line 
Mid-\Ve»torn <iuulity, luid Mr. Hrel Harte n)aking hin divers 
tones hoard from tho I'ncitii' Slojui, there wiwi mich a concert an 
wo havo not now, to «ay the leant. Ihit, above all, there wax a 
atrong literary consciouRnesn, which hu.s lM<«n rather lout in tho 
diirunion of our literary endeavour. ;\h I have U'fore now nhowii. 
or pretendo<l, the tendency of our lit<irature, over ainci' it ceaw^l 
to b« New Knuland and New York lilenttiire and InH-ame 
American, hii« Iwon ro centrifugal that the numlM<r of our literary 
capitaln ix now almost un greiit us thiit of our (Hditiciil capitaln. 
Wo havo one to nearly every Stiito ; and thiH has reRultc<l in a 
loHs of soliiliirity, of tho litenvry con.xciousnosa which wiia onco 
Htronply felt, especially in HoHton, ;ind which agreoahly 
■nAuifested itcelf to Mr. McCarthy's ie'tic»> in the literary 
re-iuiionx in New Y'ork. From his friendly account of thoso on« 
might think that soniothing like the laiuenteil suloix wa» enjoying 
a tran.iitory palingenesis in the commercial niotri>i>oli» ; and he 
mentions houses and their fretpienters of wliich there is hanlly a 
semblance now, but which 1 am not at all di!<|><>!X'<l to call un 
efl'tH't of the rose-colour his kindly x ision iiii|vitrted to «■■ nmny 
asjiei-ts of our life. In fa<-t. I myself riH-ull some such houses 

ill XnuL' \'.ti*L- ir-}iii<h tlia, iietiiikl litjararv nitnitir laroolil fUM*L- im \Aifi 



foOtMl ••If > br><<iit-r aullii ta, «iaj t*m "or • •■•<«« •.'. 
!>«■ •» • Uplctl Willi wll«t •<«>« tlaal •(•rtM-, ■« Willi wlul 
aUxit I.. d^<, than with ikrir ••wii aatuii >.i [-^^Atmi \m^- \ 
■ ml thi« .xrtaiidy ••« le^t ahat •«» ha<t (.-•'tin )■« T>m 
•••iiii-thiiii; tllffrrriil >• what \t»m «!•■<• I«<.'i(ttt Uflh^ 
a (ivllirr, e«)/«i«'ially i> \h» f«>«tl>rr ■• ••( (l>r a.^ )«••<. 
•-iuf^t"*r<l 111 fli|fhta •'! tha iittA^'li.alo'ii , ai«cl 1 aoaiwi 
t<«Miiilial uiir«a<M'i>abii<<»''«*. tho Uu»X im|».«i Jntil^ >>( i 
hail lieljad to •.|«ta'.<i llial •hmsfr iii fc. i>rt<i b) ahx h lh< 
»*iiut^, ••r It* likf , haa ('«t«m-«I t" t«- 

Mr M.«'«rth*, IM hi* rr. •.||f>-(i .ti> .< ihr lit«^rary ■ 
the earlii-r N- w \orh ai>l H>m|.>ii. iiii|>iir« tha'. l)>rr>, la i 
aiivthiiij' •>< till' ai'tt 111 l^^ivt'ii , Ixit |air4ia|4i I lakr 
*«•'< pliiKlv, and iIk'T'i aro ■iily if ao> h ll(«-fari •-•»< lr« a* 
!•• kie-i* th'-T"' I aiii aiif*- th«^T»- af«- iwim l»«-r*- In \«TiB ^ 
I d^^iiht if th< r« ar- in Ib^at'^ii, m\yTr, I oihx hiKW thm 
Thia i< I'ortly thr>ii|;h that il<. ■> ••( tho litrfart •••i.a- 
whi<h I have a)«^k>-ti -i, lar'.ly thrwit^-h thr d:a«|^)»>lnt 
difialiiit; nature ••f au< h a«a> iid>t«i,'r* ■ t> ri«l>rfr. a>« 
U.«ii««' •■/ the tru- r ■ •.i...|iti..i, ••( ila ■•(!;.• whl* h ••- i< 
and Mere exjiri-aa'a At Ita l..«t. a>>ir(.| ia an rt,l 
nnar' hy. an emU^tiMK nt ■■t if" T'titi.t,*. ai.iii>aI>>I by a '■ 
to the ixiualily whi. h ia thr td'-al <■( ha|-jii.r«a *^ 
exmmiiiiiaiii ri'allU'*! ailho'it Ir^.tjall-^n. In •rxiipliax- • 
unwritten emle whi< h •■▼•■rv oi..- la '■•CT to •• •-rtain « 
Art, on the .i.ntrarr , bimI al-OTi- all. Iitrrarr art, 
qiiintmwno' of iiidividiialtarn. aixl ita in. nrj. .!»«•• jf. 
wi.'iety ia that of the bull in the rhina .ho;.. l-^Ofr a 
jiretty ahaiKiiof ."••■% r^'*. th- Ih-i-adm ahejh'-r'la aixl ah^^.hi 
even the jars of Sntaaina. inaliie-tively In-inble for tlw^r li 
and involuntarily combine to b.tniah the iiitrtHl.r, or ifi 
»o unllatterinj'ly that h<- g<H-« of himaalf Wha 
ipiiiilesaentially ••gotiati^al aiKl sitf-^ nirwl aa art n 
apjaireiitly have no plai-j- in gcKxl »o-iety, uiileaa tho art 
hi- idniost never i», l«rii in |;o<kI ao-ie'.y. ainl iniirwl all 
to ita ■ah-rifif'sa of |v>rM>nal <'<>iu>rioiiaiM<«« for Iba 
inijoyiiieiit. Wanting thia advaiitagfi of birth, !■• tiiuat b> 
in thi* alow, iM*vore, anubbing a«-hoot of o\ja^«*n.o, not 
of himaelf or hia art In •oni|«iir kirforw \v la lit fi* th> 
of those who, he will at tir<t hm \.--> rsixly to aay. do imK 
anything 

In foniier tiiiM<a the man <•( «'ath<>ti< cnllin|; ha/| 
ii>«>iv«l thia ilia<'iplinp, ami »o there w»^i> t.>t.-^ But 111 
inability of birds of a fnttbiT to to>\ trfrathvr with 
satisfaction has )««ii flmionatralMl evi-ryvlM-re. a 
diaintefp^tion of the literary i irclm with oiir«<tM« •roma 
followed a universal law Mr Mri^arthy •;«-«ka o< h 
New York where he habitually met authora. aiwl I have n 
some such ex|orieni-»> on my own \*tl in tlH- iliatant, I 
aay the iln-ailful, jakst Hut I should Dot know wh<Hi 
(iich hniiaes now, and |KTha|« (••r snme reason* auj; 
should not lie very eager to look for iheni TTipv wwrr of 
a younger if not a rawer time, when literature wi 
phenomenal with iis tlian it is now, er tonk itM>l 
objiH-tively. Kew (>«• >ple livml by it, atm-wt none lin 
alone. 1'hoM> who did felt a ne««l of foregathering ami |wri 
making sure of one another's «mi|«t)iy. whi. h they <}■> i 
now when iiiMiy live by literatiiTi<, or what llier think lit 
In thi«4> days they wishixl to he^r, and still niofw to t' 
they wi>r<> all doinf; : and to talk shop Hut ii" dotibt I 
pleasure anil profit of aurh re-unions •am* wh«m ib-- 
talking Ivtck-shop ; when they lelt the counter «rwl ti 
wide field of human nature, ami no Innirer ..n.eninl thr 
with ••ne another aa author", but aa men and women 

I .)., n.,l ..T- lli.l M.- M.^'.f-lK. .....,.».<. ....-•i,;^.. ..I 



106 



LITERATURE. 



[Ju 



|«»{<1» uUciitj; .»! UirtitavlfK* : .* if n n. 1. (,.r ..!..•, am |>rf|«trwi 
U) miif^rt Otf tiv\*i\mU'tt\ wiO\ hrtviuii Wlul xvnWy diMiwya 
m* iu »ll Ihw ini)uii7r i« ih*l I m)viii i.> h»vp Ixvii |-r>vin){ t.K> 
■••*^"1> H tlirr*' njv 11.1 l<*n^rr may ».i/umj »Iixi- von i-»ii Aiul 
•ulhon aixl Krtuis, ()i.-i> vhrfi- i( tlip fiili^litt'Dol •InkiiKtT 
likrly l.> mori tJir^ii > Haw' ittvCf binU <•( n f.wtli.-r llu- soliury 
l»«K»l ..| fl.Hiiin: ,w.li l,y liiiiiavlf ? If I Mv that tluy l>«\f n..t, 
1 h»«p n.> (Umtitii! aiilr«a I f«n timi » f.xitli.-lil in tUv tlif>r,v 
Uial WouM |vttia|« dialriliuto at«t ila»« iji.-ni aa Uh-jt an- 
•!•!•**>••«>"• '«• l^'<«l..ti i.r any .•Uu-r crmt >-a|>iul : Imt if it is 
lru<>. thU ia «ikat iipt|« t*> iiiakf N<<<r V<<rl> tli<< in<«t il<>li){litful 
•<>f>urn ..n ..u« »t<tf .if Uu- Allanti< Tliat it ii ■• I am 
l>r^innini: ^' b.- aurv. aiiil |ir<>lMbly if Mr. M.Cartliy raiiu- iiKain, 
aa I wiah liv mi):lil. lit- wouUI litul in our wlioU* U|>|>«r-t'laa« 
•ikiaHy Um- •Kami ••f Ui<- n-ttncd IViilu'iniH wliirli li.. f,.|t herein 
iit<-rary cirvlia mi-ll iii^li tliirtr yimn ago. 

W. I) HOWELLS. 
(C'pyriglit, I'flW, in tin- riiit«><l St«t«>« of America, by 
Har|ii.f himI ItT'itliora.) 

STREET CRIES, OLD AND NEW. 



'• Then i* nutJiin:- wliirb more astonialiea a furoi^-nor and 
fri^hU a i-ouiitry s<)iiiM> than tlia rrioa of Loivlon. My (.-ootl 
friaixl. Sir Kokit, ofl^n <i<v larea tliat lie <-»nnot pet them out of 
hia h*a<l or >:o to alKep for thorn the firat week he ia in town. 
t>B the i-»ntr»rj , Will Hunow-omb c-all* them the ' lUma^a tie 
U Ville ■ an<i prufem thpm to the aotuxU of larka ami 
nii:htin^-a](«a. »ith all Uie muait-k of the fu-Ma an<) wood*." So 
WT»>t« Mr. AiUliaon in tlio S/irfUtUir, aomuwhat ox»)»>;orating, one 
wouM ima^ntie. the aatoiiiahnieiit of the foroi^nier. For from the 
•' Ho : who «ill exrhaiig* old lain|M for new lampe ?" which 
»«• crie<l by Ma(;hr«bi the maRiciaii, " wandorin); about the 
hif!h««ya aixl market ttreeU of the capiUl '" to Uie " Old slioi-s 
for some broom* " of Aililiaons .lay, or the " olo dowio " of 
oar own time, the Jiawker's tnulo haa flouriali*.! in citi««. Paris, 
M we shall se« preeently, ««s as fsmous as Lon.Ion for its cries. 
So, too, was Uolo;nia. It is in John LydsHtea fourteonth- 
century poem, " l^n.lon l.ack|<enny," that wo first find mention 
ma<>e of LoiHlon trad«> cries. Fashionable tra.lesmen in those 
«l»y», wp pather, i»t.>o.l in front of tlu-ir l>ooths in Cliepe (Cheap- 
aide) aofl ba«le<l •• Wliat dye lack ?" " Mairt«r, what will you 
copen or bny ?" just as the roodom butchtr Itawls, " Come, Huy ! 
Buy : Buy : •in the KinK'a-n>a<l. Keferoncea to atroot cries 
occur frequently in tin- KliRabetlian .Irama. Moron*-, in Hen 
J.>r«on'a SU^„i Il<,.,,a.,. it will Ut rememU-red. protected hia 
•Art a.ainsl the ralU of tlie fiahwives. chimncy-swfepors, and 
costanl-iiiongfra by nx-ana of a • huge tur»>an of night-capa." 
But •• Sew n.arktT.1 ' ..r " Huy my <liah of great siiielU ' must 
hare been Uie fiahwiv.*' cry againnt which lie protcctcl liinia«df, 
ikH the •• Buy my caller lu-rrin" : " or " Mack.n-I, aliv.., iiHvo 
••h : " of a later g<-?i<>rati..ii. Tlu- coiniK-tition of tho ator<« has 
flouUUisa c*us«l thi- ix-saation of many of tlip hawking trailes 
wh.iae cries Iwro l»<,i, prowr^ed in Mr. ChnrlcH Hindley'a 
*• History of tlw Criea of I^jn.l.ni ' ; but the intr.Mbution of 
li«« o»miiio.litias lta« brou-ht in a few fr.-sl. ones. Tin- •' Ketch 
Vii alive oh, all aliro I " .if tl.B v.-n.lor of fly-pa|>ir8 in, wo 
faiicv, an instanco of this ; aii.l tlie •• liest .-oal ' of to-<hty has 
taken the plsoe of tlio • Har.- \oii any woo<l to cleave ? '• of the 
sixtawitli century. Of tiip ..1.1 cries, ..f cour/w. a few ttill sunive, 
although too ..fu-n they are nhoni of their Bi,cioiil nulody, that 
mttsic of tlM %lroHM ahicli atrangera wer.- iiup|><«<-<l toadniiri-. Wo 
•till bear the •' Mi «au. mi eau, milk \»- Ioh nwi.la, mi eau, 
mi— eau : " of tiw milkman ; still, but more rarely than of v..ro, 
the mutBn man iir». lain.* ./ .>^un.la<i>. •• fjot lolU ' b..t r.'.ll. ' 



broken win.low an.i it« m.mtentary m.Mie 
BvnihanU'a Hamlet : 

Slrawlterriea ! f.iurpence a p.>t 
Oh for the groen of Uie lunu ! 
Ink uots dry in the iMittle, 
" Km-: " gous u fly in Ui«i |iaii 
Then, a,;aiii, " Wa tor creaa es ! Wa-tur c 
nice wa l««r creaa es !" survivi^ al.mg wiUi 
lavon.lor I Who'll buy my sweet laven.lei 
lavon.ler ?" an.l " Chi.^k-wtMMl ! Here « ii 
groun.l-wl f.ir binla ! " whilat H.igarUi'a Pom 
purveyor .if " Hot spiced gingorbrea.! .' All L 
on Uie li|>s of the |Mitat<> and chosUiut vendors 
cries aa iwraiatent, anch a« "Any knives or scii 
t<>-«lay ? llig knives or little knives or a«-iHii.>ri 
the haato anil rush of m.Mlern life, which proi 
of the Queen's Kngliah, auliatitutua Uio |iurag 
and the snipjiot for Uio claaaic, tends alao towa 
of the atreet cry, if not to its uttor extiii 
" (treat Newa I Kxlror nary news I in the Ij.ni 
the shrill-voiced urchin n.>w j-ella, " S]>o«hul 
.•r. " Winner ! " instea<l of " Here's a right 
Uie run niiig horses ! " In place of " D.i y<>i 
meat, cats' meat ? Do you want a ny dogs' 
sharp, nasal " "Smoat, 'smeat ! " now chiirmi 
of Konaingt^m. Other times, other mannora. 
ho : " or "Wiwtwanl ho ! '' .if the j.illy Tin 
Riven place Ui the " Keb, air Y" .if the crawl 
" IVnk : B«.nk ! (;ity, Henk, '() - burn ! " of t 
But that delightful |iatter-Kung, so full a 
mminiscences " (hie a |ienny, two a iwnny, 
and the rest of it. still |>ersists in a groon and 
It must lie confesso.! that theae ni.Klem 
ears vulgar enough, but, ns one I.Hiks throuf 
.lid p.ipulHr wriu-ra, one feels how Uie old i 
street slang arc el.Kjuent of a civilisatioo that 
as well to remember that the tags and jihrasei 
may be, and often are, the puszle .if the schola 
that they are viiluable in projiortion to the 
them. For such phrases as " Now we sha'n't 1 
'em all come " nro racy of this L.ind.m soil, f 
by the li|ia of cockney clerks and current it 
suburbs long before they (lass into the general 
music halla, by the aid of music wedde.1 to ver 
often to mortal bad, verse. 

Practically every article of commerce wa«, 
in early day* in England carried and cried i 
multitude of peripatetic inorchantN |iorviu1m] 
|>erf.irmed their buainoss at the t<ip of their v< 
the method .if the St<ick Exchange or liankor 
t.>-<lay. In less deiiiocratic days, under the St 
ev.'ii pnittH-twl against the nuisance of these nur 
Many of the cries were, however, in themselves 
some hawkers, like the pastry man, coTiim.inl; 
Molly-Piiir. menti.>ni-<l by Ad.lisoii, not co 
traditi.iiial iries .if their for.^futhers, inventc 
and tunes of their own. These cries, indtn-d, \ 
fiMiture .if the iHiiiuhir life that they were fr.-. 
into .-at<'li<-a and ballads, imitatid by actors on 
music by the |Hipiilar iiim|i<iS(Ta, ond illiiatrat. 
bloi'k-end-white or coloured -print iirtista of 
examph- .if this we rju.ito a couple of stanxaa I 
" K'lxburghe " liallad : - 

Hark h.iw the . rie* in every street 
Mak.- lanes and allii*a rini; : 



July 2!), 18'J9.] 



LITKK.Vn KE. 



Any I'M <'l<i»ttM, ■iiitn <>t lUNiti 
Ciiiiii' I'liy my Kiiittiiih' liitila. 
(>ruiiK>n •>! li'iiiMiiii. Ni*iu«lli' ^rtlin.i 
tliiiim, liiiy my M'|»« i.( Miiimi*, Im ' 
<''>m", t>iiy my lutiMl, liii>' •iIht -ai.'l 
Tmi> )iiii>i Ii'« 11 imtiny, tiiriii|ia, li>> 
I'll rliiiiii;i' ym (■lii» tin r.iii.-y akii'* 
MitiiU, ilo yi'ii H.tiit itii\ iiiilli lntl'iw ' 
l|i'ii<'ii nil <<ii|>r>"«i (r"iii Aiiiiiltal M4Wik< , 
'I'lic Ailminil ■>( ii'iiowii ' Ai- 

Hut it wiiK iii>t only ill Kii;(IiiihI ttiut tlua *am llit^ i:sw< 
Oiiilliiiiiiii' «!«• U \ illi'iH'inii, ill hi* (un'Mi ■' I.<"i 1 ti"ti<o il- l'«ri«,' 
H't'iitc M'ljr iiiiH'li III til" >aiii>' iiiiiiiiiiT n* tl>i< Imllaili'il K>>r in 
i'liiix, 11^ in lioiiilon, in tlii' Miilill>' A^'i'* unil IntiT, all tliti trmli'^ 
wiTt' JiIIikI IH't in nlmiw »>> liiurll »« in tin- •tii'<'t<i or nt •■}"'ii 
iMintliH. It mny. tln'mfori', Im- imt Hithoiit intnri'vt i( I «|ii>ili' 
ht'iii Boino of tilt' "111 nixtiiiiitli-cntiiry rrii^ ii( I'uri* ilrnwn 
from a ciirioiii rollrctinn lirtt imiIiIicIii-)! in I.VJi). Many n'. tli-ui 
riifiir to u utiito of iiiomU iiinl mnliiU'i^ hIiicIi wi> Miitlor onrwlx* 
hita |iii«>iihI ttwuy. iit lUiy rnlo in itn o|«'n iii;llini»ii. uml limy 
throw II luriil titjlit on tlio < ity lilf of i>lil I'ttrn M.mv otii.c*. 
hoH'i'wr, iiri> tlir rru>» of trailim "till [•lii'<l l'\ li i*kir» in III. 
iitr«'t>t« of liunilon in tlii* ynur of ;;riii'.'. \!^W. 

Milk Ik'Iuw. 

All mntiii, jionr i-oiunifncom'nl 
•1)1 irii' ilii Iiiit |ioiir li'H ni'urrii"'-'. 
I'oiir iioiirrir lo |<otit« I'lifitiit*. 

DiNllIlt, "''1 (<><(. U l'"l, iiMlli I !.v< .' " 

All hot. 

Kt iiioi. |H>iii nil tnH ill' friiinilH 
I'our (iniithiiir, (tuillnuniv nt Mich.iKil, 
'I'oiiii li\i miitint jo Mii» rriiiiin : 
/I'l/i.iMi/f. , iiii.ttriiiir, y"i.<(. : .A'l" /.' 

Box o' lightn. 

Pour i)uc<li|iin p<'ini' <inc< j'y mi-it--. 
D'onricliir jo nai puH n|i|>ri!<. 
.I'ai iH'aii I'rnT "/v.< nll'mfll-^' ' 
Car iln stmt ilo trop i^clit prix. 

Any Rahliit-nkins ! 

Suit |iour oui oil |>oiii luiniiiii, 

l/uiui<l M'ux jmrli'r aiix rhaiiihi ifr--H. 

.If viii» rriiiiit " /V,iii. •!•■ /.i^m. 

A nioi vi'iiir n':ni>'.>it<'/. ;;ii>r<'S ' 
Doll' iu'<|iia ! 

^iii II lit fir /■/-.I".' A rlincun iluyt. 

("i>»t nil ilm ipiiitii- oU'im-iis : 

Oil n'i'ii vi'iiil |mi ii nn i liaiuii, - 

I'urquoi jo n'cii vomN pim toiivoiit '. 

" Hicail iiuil nifiit for thi' pi i,<oinTs," who il.'imn.lo.l fi.r Ihrir 
iluily sustcnaiK-o on tlif rlmrity of struni;i'is. ju<t a« Ow pri»on4.r» 
in Morortti ilo to-ilay, was u woll-kii"»n cry in tl •■ I.oinlon 
streets. Tlii.^t is tln' Parisian vi-rsion : 

.1".' />! l.«HI)ci'l < ifll I'lll'll- .' 

On ilit : li's mots n<' »ont |>a« l.iiiN. 
A".'- i>riM>tnii''ia 'hi I 'lunt'li-t ! 
(^iii .sont t'H iin livii onl ct lui<l. 
L'herbo vortf.^ 

A i,..i Ml. IiiiIk : I' "..1 '-"' i-i'" : 

Pour 0«> qui' ('est tout*' liitvrt • . 

.T»' lu' la crii' qu'i'ii o.<t<'. 

.■\ ijui vi'inliai-jo nm i;r"i'<>' lierl»> ' 

Ropes of onions. 

Ji' rfii'/.i iii'inmtf ft f.-<</i.i'»ifff'.< ; 
t^iii' Idii orii' lions n[x'tit..i ; 
Mi's nctjuosts y sont jvtits. 
Kt si jf fiiis jH'tits lK)tt«'.-. 

And so forth, throujjh the wholv gamut of ori.'s, lli.' pod puts in 
t.h« Iihu-Wit's nioiitli roiiiniKiits soiiu'tiniis huii\.'rou:<. soiuptniu's 



• iMtwlxlit bwi ■latloUi nil |Im> kuir ot tiU l.uMwx*' atxTt 
lliat, 111 tha starttt 'if hia oiiCttt.n.i Om {>«*l ■>( (°ua 
tii'luiral of lh«- Ix'iwlon -fie*. It •l.o'iM •« l.i» ••«• ' I • ••» 
nutllo* the Tuliaa of Ibaa* itiii--rMil lt»>U»umi. tmimm it 
thmr ai/pnaratK-* in ■••if tlrMita, »m alax !'• woiOiawxl. 

• rii* to l)i<'lr r»*|«-li<<- m»itm , aivl l<i lako raf» lb {i 
thtl lli<»*.' iiuiy not iiiaka lli«- i..<»«t r>..n« •!»•• >»•«• ti^ 
••ill, «tliii:h I* «nr) iilraart *I>1> la V •> ••■t*'l'>r» of .•nl n> 
whom I .onii'.l hut •(•ply tJjl .'l-l |«o>rrl. .,( Vltv ■ 
llt(l« «'>-.l «-K<-tL. I<K\I 



SIXTEENTH CENTURY BOOKS 

M li.iti'ViT iiiorn iiii|»>'t«>it ' h«ln{«« Ih" "-U"*" "t U^ 
yr»r iiiii\ li»'.« Ml rtor* for u«. tf.rt«- ■ »ti •• littl" ■t'nl* 
tliat » Imn »•' tM'giii to lUt" "iir y^f mtlh ■ I'* 'rieei )■ 
lUo IlllHJ of tlin IW.litlrtli . •tiliirt I, 1- «kt .il (l-r •itUalltl 

Hi!l aiiililfnilt •uiiiiix <>ii iiir of in-r'^''*"! »nli'|Uil> TW 

■ iiiiriia', |ol»r.>)'ly »fi ii-nl alroaily, )«■(. a* a '!•«•, ii>ay ' 
havi- I <<«iii rathi'f neijl- cti-l »ikI " Ii(hl raW-»ti>^l ' iii |«' ; 
th'ir ititriiiiiii' «»lio' Tl." I»»'k« "t 111 warlj »»,'«• •«•. 
lii^ iioo-Marilr it« litxiitti.ri' i tlu- >«tli»at |fii>t«l l'« > 
frtilii I !.'>«>- l.'i<U wi'io ni.vlhii.i; I lit thati. ri<il ' r„;l'tt 
iiit<'r<<«t lof utithoriliip ami puhlu ation > nxully tran*> 

■ ■th«>r, an I tlioUk'li It runii'it U- nnCif"**"' lha«. f"» 

■• Till' K»«<ry VuiN-n " of " Knislanl* Ar-hPo^l ' (!.■'•■ 
■'(' wlias iif Willimii ,sh ik<-»|>n«r«i " fli*<{V>». ha»» -l- 

■ ommi'ri'tal value, lll^r^ an-, iionr th"- !••• •.■.r»« 
i;i<niiine " lirst mlition* " that |«>«t"rit_> may ttiati> 
attemliii;; to a littl>' iii-'ro raccfully than wn Kair ''oi. 

Thi'fi' art< n-M«ora. of I'.iuraa'. for I'VKrythii.i; In 
pliiiv. it »• t'liis I Imr that tht- o«'>'rj"'Wprini! •rtialu' a 
ipiariiii internet atlaihini; to " inrnn>i>uta luM throan 
sliaili' th>> com|»ir«ti»>lv mo<li<rii-|r>€>kin(; «n<l iiM"l«Tn •!« 
that iiiiCit»'<lo«l tl:"'iii Th" rxi il«'m«'nt iott»»«l f'» • 
'• «p«'ciiin'n " of I'l.ick I- tl« r i from ih" !»••« of i)i« 
ColnnI Manaioi., lot ii* sat, at th<' pnhllshini; od-ca of 
ViTnril;. h.is it«in>'« itahliTiri. tion irh»-fi »f i«n« from tb»f 
tciitatit'i*. aii<l •lithusiaatK' in»<lif>T»l almaaph«ri' to tliat of 
prosaic, prnitiral. nn<l linishtsl work of .'st'-iihantis ai»l 
Mon> •• piiiclii-al." that is. from lh« staiwIixHiit 'f t>|«n 
li'Uiliility. iiiorii " proiaii. " nnlv a* r<iin|«r«<l with tha 
anil mystorious churm of tht> Tanishin;: " <lark '£'* 
attraction, thr rliarni of artist c olsMiiritv. or aomatin 
wi< not S4i]r ' <>f iiH>aniii);l««« •■ntliuaiaam. la oiwahirh |«i 
uttuchi'S t" tlis stylo anil omaiiX'iitation of ttiow of I 
iri-A.-,./,^ " iiicunalmla " of printini; If anti>|iiarian rn 
can ri'vivf tho ■■ Mlaik-h'tt'T " ty|ia at one •« px|«>n«i 
anil So ililflrult to <listinf{ui»h— this mtwl l»' for hist 
artistic purjs'Sos. not th'>S4> of IvKik |>T«»liirii"ii. Mr t^ 
siirti sti iking rhiitrosriiro. th» work of a Ut>'r (:»>»>crati'i 
tli<' I'Usmi'SA lias lost its first ilifllriilty «n>l «ith that its | 
chiimi may for » mom«'nt app<»«r iliill lUit. in fs-'t. 
charix'ti'ristic of sixta-pnth rontiiry pcit.tins i( a 
hriKhtni'ss itml Im-iility 

Thi- Ix'st work of thr ac<'. tho pr-slu.tions "f th» AUI 
l»|v<i«lly tlinM< in Honian and not in cumory lT|w|."f T< 
ami till' <fiiinti at Klori'no-, of Mi-nn Kstirniw. Ihual »«i 
othi>r» at Paris, of Joan ilo Toiirn>'« iwho s<vnvi to ha' 
lanii'ntahly f<'» *|*><'iiiMtns IioshIo tho sploinliil first »>li 
of Kroi»»..»rt. l.VV.M'ilWill ) at Lyons, of Plantin. (Sriihius. 
ami th" lost staml out hv tln-ao \ory .pialitH-s fr-m tho 
thf> nrintini.' of Ihti last thrro t-oTitiirio« Th«« |i«^t < 



108 



LITERATURE. 



[Jul 



•oWct tk» follturtai;. at haftnuard m«<I with mmw iui*t;iviiig. But 
if a rwitwi ft two writ* kimI twtl«« tiie anlM-tton at (n'«TT point 
thay will unly Mifam< tl><« aq p trn w it- 

Tbv (iiiuita Mlitioo of Um> wtirk* of <tiuvitnni I>vll« Caaa 
(•ro . 1S64), tho VVoii^art ahoti- ffforretl t.', and ttill more, 
|«rha|i» *M far a« ronixm* nwre |<rii>tii>|:, B|iart from Ktylo aixl 
voolrut inttiaU), Mottavtr'n iik>ranr mlition >'f Moiiitn-lft'i 
■•Chronic)**" (ISV.. aii<l narlirr. I think), the • • St*|.h»nuii 
Vam>" (•ith iihIicm. fr.i , IWl), tlw wt>rkii of S. AupiAinv 
(tbotich all that I harv horv in the " l>e l'ivi(«t<- ll«i ") in iloiihlo 
culumn. \>t IV«y» rhiml (fol . IftK'i ; hrre, npiiii. the iiidox in an 
aiimir»l>l» pi««« of Mi«-k). th* I'lantin Miition of 4'lt>nart'i< 
•• Latton ■• (urn Hv,. . IfrtW ; a guoil example of the xmaller ty|ie). 
S. ('hryxwtom'* ctiriouii i>«aay ■•!>«• Vir(;init-«t* "' (ap. P. 
Manutium. Alili fit.. aroMll 4to.. Home. I&fi*.' ; a Kpli-Miliil upoiinfU 
.•f thf pre««, milh the h*«t «|iecii«ii of dolphin in the CK'vice), the 
edition of Canlinal Itt-ntlto'ii famou* " Pn>»i>. <)<-tla volgar linpia'' 
(Torrr>ntiho, K1i>r<Mu-e, VA9\. an<l laat, hut not leaat, » work I 
hare jiwt li»i'n examininf: for the fimt time, the tine etiition of 
Itoethiut' •• Hictotia S<x>torum."' print*-*! hy I.i«<prpnx, at Lau- 
unne, in 1574 -- nil tlien* work*, and at-oma of other* of iitM)ut 
the aame [>i<riod. have in connnon a |M>riiliar charm niid distinction. 
They differ from ordinary printing preoiaoly a« the work of i-or1»in 
faniotu f<inten>jK>n«ry printora difftTn from the onlinarj* pro- 
duction* of the rncMw of 1H93. The tinent " Klierirs '" (clukrmin^. 
i»ei«t. aj«l inii>frlativ»ly '• practical " a* thiwe are) have not -if 
one may isav w> th«> itame |ienional inton-st for the intelliirpnt 
colI»ct«>r ; while to rival their more myrterioni <|im1ity of 
••rightneiM ami •'e(re«t"(of the printed paj!* prewnt*-"! as a 
picture to the eye) we have, perhaps, to wait till the apiwamnoe 
of thi- "haded l>id«t ty|»' lat*- iu the ei}!lite<>ntln-<Mitiiry. the •' inru- 
nshtda "of th«- hoiit nxxiem |n-intiii>:. Ty]>opraphy, however, i» 
hat om- chapter of oiir nubject niattir. Yet, aeeinp that iKXik* 
printed h*fore l.VW) are chiefly valued merely nn wpiTinienii of 
printing or a* fin>t tiditionii (which are inevitahly in most caw* 
inferior to later oncm). it may lie nrpHl that, rouphly Hp<>akinp, 
aixteenth-oentiiry bookK are, in fiu't. the old<wt lx>oL», the earliest 
|«irtical liter»ture ai'nvaihie to tut. It wax only in that (leriiNl 
that the fVean i liaving with dutiful piety put on reconl. an best 
rt ccmM, tiK- main clmaion of antiquity, or all then dif«cover»hle) 
aecinired that facility in expn^ming the ideaa and fcH'lings of the 
mw— lit which han ever since constituted its chief social value. 
What, tlion. was |irint»d in th«' sixt«>onth <«ntnry - that «j;« of 
mthiuiastic Kcholarxhip, iriticism, and b<M>k production ? 

I<et UK firtt admit that another reason (if only half realized) 
lor the nx'rcantile indifference towards works of this period, as 
stirh, is the fa>-t that it was also i until the vainer enthusiasms 
of the Renaisaanoe w<>r« themselves out) a ^eat " tHHik->iiii/.i/i</ " 
a^, acarcoly leaa so in ita way than our own. The two ages, 
HMlv«d, in more tlian one r<"«i>ert — in their shaking off of con- 
ventions, in the revival of K-holarshipand new criticism, in their 
pwaion n<it merely for writing histories (of their own and all 
oUiar |wri'>ila).bat also for editing and mnking gonermlly accessible 
•II kind* of useful clasaics, closely res4<mhle one another. 
Hcon* of excellent ami still ueeful " first editions" date from 
this |*riod Morel's iM-aulifiil <iii>gory of Tours (1562), Oulielmus 
Xeobrigensis (.Antwerp, I'^u), ttiraldiis Canhn'usis (15H5I, 
■ad Matthew Pans (Wolf. XrfHt) Kut the averag<- litUriitr„r of 
the Renaiaaance. having mire sharftened tlie |sm. was too often 
carried away hy the novel delight of blackening the excellent 
[a|aii of the [wrKxl and c<int<niiplating his lucnlvations in ]irint. 
This waa eepecially the caw in Itsly : and not f.vmt K<]mondo de 
Amicia, in his moot aentimeiital rain, could spin more " words, 



Apart from vain hook-making, an ahum 
interesting, inilt«il, most sensational of > 
lielongs to tills p«rio<l. It simply abounds in sh 
IxMiks. fir»t and furemoat (l>eing an ageof tlie g 
physical activity and disturbance) in tract 
written at a white heat, and fre<piently involvii 
replies and r^'joindera. The Keforniation an 
alone iviewetl merely as emotional and intelU 
with their various phases and loctil varieti* 
material for an •' iH-caaional "' literature which 
indeeal- of the first historical impiirtunce. 

Even when this literature is piindy the 
originality attoiuling the first application of i 
to the subject, not the drattry staleness that 
dumpy controversial ipiartos of the sueotHHlin 
it is true, fanaticism well nigh exhausted itsi I 
an explosion of nutivo common sense in 
|mmphleta the " Satyn' Menippi'o" (IWKM, " q< 
of ridicule tlie dying ashes of the Leagii 
thetdogical. liU>rary and scholastic problems, i 
one may say, S<H-iuli«t i|U«stion8 wero thresl 
^ame novel energy. More"s " Utopia " (1516), 
and other workn of Knismiis are lantlmarki 
humane as opiK>sed to more Ktrictly religion 
Bpp«»arttiice of Calvin's '• Institutio " (15:k 
Protestant Kible (1535). Mo*lern common 
"wave thuir Nignals," as Mr. Meredith mig 
distinctly, from the heights of Kstieniie's '• Apt 
(iri«i«i, Montaigne's " Kssays " (158l>), the 
" Siityre .Meiiipixje," aforesaid, ami the " 
Counsels of Lonl Verulaiii " tI597). And in I 
nient of politics, in Poynet's •• Treatise of 
(1560). in tile reriiarkablu " Kssay on Voluiit 
La lioetie, the lM>love<l of Montaigne (first piil 
tracts of the kind in (Joulart's " Memoir 
Fraiu-e," 3 vols., 167H), in Languut's 
Tyrannos,*' " E<1iniburgi " (meaning Paris 
(15711), and in Hotninn's " Franco-Oallia," th« 
as M. Thierry calls it, of the sixteenth oenti 
" l{«'piil>lic '■ of Jean Btnlin (1586), we trace t 
and elatioration of cuiiHtitutional theories a))pl 
Kngland in the sovvntecmth and eighteenth cci 
that in uvei^ element of " human '' interest ( 
is, but science which comes to a head later oti 
we speak, holds its own eiuiily against any utii 

To those, imleed, who hold that the pro 
kind is man there is no such pabulum p 
memoirs, and csiK-cially the French memoirs 
'• </i<iil rV(<ji( Ir ftropir," as an editor of Ma 
observes, " d'atlirr la /iVfiicf nrc'- I'rfiirite.'' 

Itiit given, as we have said, a widespread 
with presumably an at least e<|Uiil enthiisias 
what must have Iwen the gentle reader's deligi 
octavo took the pla(« of the clumsy black lett< 
skin often utili/A-<l, we are told, for smidles b; 
what ought we not to expcsct ':" For in the 
" things hapi^eiiod," as Mr. Kipling might sti 
and vivacity tliat might have made the stones 
out. To omit battles of epoch-making it 
Flixlden, Marignano, Pavia. I^epanto (and of 1 
contomiK>rary " relations " are to lie found). In 
one exi-epte<l chapter of tlie French Itevolut 
highly colonn-d in the way of human sensatic 



July lif), 1899.] 



LITKRATIRK. 



in th« Wi«(t Iniliiii, tint nuMMiun' <>f Mt Ihuttwilunw*, aiul atti-ti- 
(laiit tniKixlixN, ami tin- .ludat ii( tli.- Hiunuh AmuHia • 

Who L-iiiilil )h< iiiililliri'iit to tliK |M>MH<a>ioii, III tiatMly, 
In^ililii, uikI ttttrui'tiVK (nrtn, of Ihr tiriKiiuil " (••'x-lilrhtli. )it> 
QukIIkii " U|Min tliKM' iiiattxr* ? I^>ii|; ■h>'lvK« of (»tMi|>lil<-t« in 
pOMt <H-tavo inu«t riwt to th« l>ililio|{rm|>b>-r'» i>yt< aa h<^ r>'rii'w« 
tli« lint from thi' fniiioim voliiinit of " Var»iiMiiiiliia Kri«tu«, ' 
nliait thii l-'niinin tlotiimii nlriitily iiiniitioniil •'•• /■••«.. i/.i.. 
Oiilliri, (ir>7:!, ami Rttll a fruitful t'ipio), or t)i« no li •• ><< !• I>tat>->l 
" Rovt'illmiiittiti iU« Kri»iii,oiii ' ' ( l..7'l), to tli.- oU.nr. •t .tml r»r«Mt 
" Hixtoirn all vray " (thu pjiriim- <uu>\ in that <)• xTit.iiii- lh«' 
murfhr of thi< Itiir iln (•iimti in ITiMH aiMl rv»rv uaaaaaination 
hiiM tt« luiinplilnti'ir) or ■' Kxlittion isiict'' .t iWhllo " of aonM' 
linjul nxpliMion of |a'ra<'> iition, rriinlty, or ralkinity. 

Ami hi're ii).'nin, h liat<'V«r la to Im> «x|iii«ih<<I a<H>nia to ftivl 
itii moat int4<rfatiii|[ i'X|ir<i^«ioti in that iiio«t roMiiniiniviitivi- of 
ton((ili'«, ihi' fiin»/iic IliiulniMr, whi'thi-r it Iw th<' hrij-ht hiiiiuntty 
of the Hrat mo<h<rii raaayiit or tin- truriilnnt fiinatii-iam of n 
lufuriti iirhinni ainh tia .li'iin Itoiichii , I'lilvi-riity Hi ctor, Prior, 
hikI a|Mi|o);iit of naaiiMaiiia. 

TIk" moat inttii'oxtiii); iiiiil romantlr writi>ri iloiihtlma liv^l. 
iia (li<l l> Aiihi(;ii<< (uiitlior of i>nt< of th« nioal aiiiciiliir a>ito)ii>. 
((raphica nxtant). l)o itohati, or thi- ai itiiilal-lovin^ Hniiit.-iii<' 
ov«>r into tho iU'Vi-ntrciitli crritiiry 

Taking tho will (of tliv youthful Cliiiatil) for thr <l I. Hi'iiri 

(^uutr«< waa iHaiiaMiimti-d in IWM, niiil thrn chronoloRii nlly im 
u(Mich would cloau with him, mor)< convoiio'iitlv, thrri'. 

A /oi'/Hiaof oxcitin^'epocha— to hrinj; tliKo (ra)>nM'Mtary notoa 
to a oloaii — an iiitoiratin^ ]iikritlli'l mi^'ht Ix' ilniHii )wtw«wn tli<' 
Rnlif^inua Htruc>;lii of loK ("the oijrhth Civil War") and tho 
Dwmooratif of two i-ontiirioa l»l«>r, U'twin-n Hmry of Niiviim> 
linit <loniin5tiii|; u diatracti-d nation, only to Im> cut oH' in th<' 
midat of hi* hidf-undpratoml aohi-iiiPM for u •■ I'liivi-raitl rhriatijin 
Rnpuliiii' " imd N'tii«>l<'on, « itli hia " t'ontiii«<ntnl " lm|M'riali<it 
ajrateni, lM)twi><-ii tdlO, p<'rhii|iH, and I8l.'i. 

Hut. whoroas in the «'if;lit<'«'iith lontury Wf ••ja-nk of 
Thr Rovoliition in ont' dark corm-r of it, in the t.ixt«-«'nth 
thori< waa Krvolution (fanpiiinary, ahiH-king, or •nli^htcnin^-) 
wcrywhcre. Hono«< we art', in ita altrattivo |>agna, i'onfront<>d at 
«>nci< by all tho lit<>rnturi> (whim I^itt'rHtiirn it«<'lf waa now ) of a 
"now World," a " new R('li(;ion," u " nt'W Loarninp " ; of an 
•!(• wh«'n Thj'olofjy coiiiliinml the oarnesliioaa of " tjii ly " ( hri«- 
tianity with the intolciunco of ancient I'a^janiaiii, whiui Thought 
and Humour (clo.scly appjiixl in n ri'tincil an<l civilized manner to 
the ordinary ntl'aira of human life) had aoniethin^' i>f the novel 
interoat and attrnotion attaching' to an Indian ^'old-niinc or ji 
woll-fashioiiod musket. 



AUaUST MAGAZINES.-L 



In LoHiiiMiiiK M. I'aiil Hour^ot hiui a Ntiiily of tho evolution 
of " The Critical Ksaay in Kraiice." The writ«'r Ix'gina with the 
critius of u hiinili<'<l yeara a^o. 

They held [he tells us| that there waa an ahcolute 
code of litoniture, a IhmIv of strict rulea, an infallihle 
canon. To criticize wa«. they thought, X-" coiiiiian' a 
literary work with this ci«iion, to observe in what n-ajH'cta 
the work coiiforim'<l to tho canon, and in what rea]Kfta it 
transpressed, and then to conclude, in virtue of an iminutahle 
code, by a nronounceniont setting forth the grounda for their 
(hH'iaion. If tliev no lonf^er invoked, as in the Middle .'Xyea. 
the final authority of Aristotle, they at any rate believed that 
it was {)o»8iblo to furmulate a fixed law of the IWautifiil. 
Above all, they w'«>re sure thit the maaterpiecea of anti<|uitr 



M«inl« Ifeii**, Urn cTHioai —»»y mwn I !•> I» A'%*m 
ICroali It (M-aani \.. ^m-. c>>t>rluiW«>l , alDi M Kralvi 
l.«iiiailrii tt IviMiiMi iu..>B aiatl iiwj«e U> lo>|«MMi<«iiMt 
two |sir>pit*ci>.u* writer* hoM th«( t«> mttrito a l»> 

nottt tK>- lllaui l» whirh the htmik (!>«• rlM 1(1 (ls-1 

Thia atliliMU) r\um>\y r*«w<nl>l<w itw altKoilc ol tika •! 
dnpii-tja lltt> Itarif, awi it la hMrstwc i.f ()>■• n nuiUa 
iKuac who takn itiU ta-tiit u( tuw ^ml>m mi »»u.{ij , ••> i 
alnl •" aiM «nafull)i lirxtn the r*«ayiat • fular(U>ti lo l-' 

• itaiiialKt or tlxi i>"Vr|i*i, 

Whfitltcr thi> (Maaat^'r from U>«> >«>« art to lif i-tiKr 
•o cnxif ally •!>«• saaful aa M IbiufKct <Ucla(«« la Jo 
hut Knctoixl lurnia)i»i at l<-Mt bo*' lualaitre lA Iha \r% 
tluit of Kolwn l.'.ui* Himeiioon whi. h t* i»ff« tK/Vat-U 
that Kraii<-<i ran furniaii 

On the xib,!*--! ••! ■ lilifan ■•.it>< oUtM^aa ' Mr 
l.an„' haa a aord tu •«) at l)>« ^ign of tk* .H(ii|, ||b .,u- 
/.tl'i.ilurr. thr ■■*»«• ..| Mr Mall < aiiHi • aiifa/ri.t ii.S^ 
to Snifl, anil pro. '.tia tu toll » alury •■{ a ImI twiaii ^ 
llaK^'ard alien lis a«a ariliiit; " Natla tiw l.ily ' 

I lent him a U-.k on tiw /ulna, fr<j*i ahuk >>r 

• hlltlinu up "f a t;irl in a latr. aliilr >>«r \>j%mt l>|ti 
defi'li.i' outalfb' H<' la « |. t<>rioiia, Icit fc' arak llul 
lilxVe itaav tlo' at>>na ahirh \v lia<l pla<"<l "ti (>»' b>' 
cavil, and lo tho .-avi- aim dira T>iia aaa flmt..' 
ni tllal KM'iit III l.ealif a " Alieni; iKa /.iltua Hot '■ 
(i'\< ept the divtli; hail ••miiriil liaHoia in !aT< U'a ia^' 
Ih'trothial." 

i Mr. lUirnnnd t;ivea the tbir>l ami l»«t inatalitwti 

' '• Pun. h Not..* ' III thi' /•■" M.iii \la-m >•>' Tbero 

! niacetici'a iif •• p.. Ill ■' .Mayhew. Per. ival l,ei|;h, -^hirl. ■. 

• iilla-rt a H«-<k«'tt, ami <te«irfe du Manrior Ihi M.<iir>" 

joy in the auildi-n .iiid iinvx|a-cto<l t'ln-eaa .if "• Trill^y ' 

depii't<.<l : 

Mow Well I call t<i iiillid Ilia l..yi«h dolifht »«, h 
cigarette in i'lie haml, while thi- olbi>r aaa thnwl 
cajaiciiMia iriMta<-r |«<ket, he aaxl, " ly J-.vo. ••ki h-% 
gi'oa in I neviln t ilo another atrok.' of work 
IxKoniiiigly (uddinly ile|ira«a<.d. In- aiklcal plaii.lKr: 
but » ill It ;;o on ' Ian I It tiM> gi«*l to l»- IriK' • " 1 ; 
I h.id pointed "lit to him the uaual lourae of a hii^blv 
fill iiKHlern play, he pliirknl up again and rtrUi.n«i,' 
do another novel ami hai* it dntiuatlUHl ' Wa.an t il 
the piibliahera to lender n»«' the diaiiuttu ri.bla. whici 
have (old viii fi't lifly |> unda ' ^<^iii ' | ,agr>aal a 

iiaturjilly " Itat I've g.it another on U>« et'cka Tli. 
gne iiie l'IO,Ukt f.T It. my l>oy ' Kanry ' ' I muat (fit 
it. and then I'll take it e«ay '" 

Hut 'III .Maiirier finl not live to " take it<aa% It i* 

to think that a h>.li<Uy wiuld. in all likrlikn.<l. hai 
hia life, and that Iw might hav<> tuknn .•!>•' anil a..ul<l n 

.'\ttenti"n ahoiild aUn U- draan to an article by Mr 
<'..n.t,ince ('o.,k calle<l "The Pi^et'a RiT..r ' It i« a 
Tli.^me-i above Oxfi.id. which i«, in th«H< lUjra, by far ' 
delightful [kirtton of the river. 

" Some I.itarary I^mlmarka of a Ni>rth*rn Hei|rbt,' 
W'. (.'. .Sydiwy. in the '.■oii''>i.ii»'. .Uii'MKM'. ia a i-olli 
goasip aliout the litaraTV »«>•.< lationa of Mamfatnul. 
^l<'ak of the"Hniii|»>tead ait." meaning" tin-.- af>.ut ' IV 
aon Niioll ; but then' have b<M<n ntany ««rlior H*jn)wt<« 
iiay ami l>r. .Arbuthm't wont thorw to t«ke the clialytv«ti 
Ih-. .lohnaon re|«ir«il thitha-r for the muntry air. a< 
wrote the frreati'r |>»rt of hi> aatir* on tha- •• \ anitv of 
Wiahea." The aatlior of •■ >amlfnr<l ami Me't<-o took 
then< to avoi<l tlio cUima of aoriety iijx'O hi« valuable tim* 
waa ther*' (or the aiimnier ..f ITI2. ap(airpntly foe tho pai 
avoiililll? hia cmlitnra TKn naii>KK..,n.K<«.l .1..^ __..1 



110 



LITERATl'RE 



[Ju 



tKMBivirtwaroaxlil.Mii itiouttoal «ith lbu«r f jT altul; they arv 

fkBMMU. 

A r«n>ll<x-tioii <•( Mattlip« Aniolir* viait t<> I*rinc(>t<>ii 
rnirvTiitx, I .S A. i* itiiittil>iii»l l-> the /'•••(.i.. l.y tin- Ht't 
8. M>«>r« >'eri;uM>.>n. \Vp ar« told that th<- a|><>atl<< of awtM^tnoM 
and lieht aiMrvAxol the tlH-olocinil Atiii)»iit> fn^iii a pulpit, nixl 
" tlir*« hiiitarX u|K>ii HuxIfT bik) oantipittMl him in his iiwn 
|;rmciou* and atmuititu faniiiun." The ariKr conrlinU** :- 

\V<> avrv aant aaay witiioiit a U-iictliotion ; Ixit in tho 
l*r<-«i(irot > (Iraaing-ronm ronw <<f i>» hnii i>|M<e<'h with him. 
Thrfv h« wa* r<>art«<*T itM>l(. bimI M<<iiimt in n« uny unaiviii- 
touMal to the h<ima^ Wf gn\c hiin, titktnt! it after the niaiinvr 
n( a kinc. yM Iwin): in no wim' iiplift«il. Wo (atk«><l iilvmt 
(.••tball . it «ra( onljr altor«anli< »h«n »<• «nre woll awav that 
we >-Mtirii<x) the rsfiiioii. Hf left n.xt <liiy, liiit not ^M'forn 
til* •liMimts hxl iH in (iTmi on him thmr nioat rhcriiiheil (li»- 
tittt-tion thrr mail<- him a m(<mlH>r of a •«cn>t (ooit'tv ' 



In th« Jiitjr niim(M>r of tlt« Ki%til<*l' Hittorifnl Hrri'-f Mr. 
U T I>ap«lfy |irint« an intprmtin); " a<t-<>unt-r<>ll " of ont* John 
Dalton. a Ihirhani ir<iiimaat«>r in tbo n<i(;n of Henry I\'.. ahirh, 
l<a'«i<ii'a givin); raliiahlp infomtntion a* to the primitive niethinln 
of aorkin^ iron and the <(>»t of pnnliiction niu) rate of wn;;e!<. ix 
fs|Wi-ially interfotiiis from tho i«»int of vii-a of tho philuloeiiit. 
Mr. Laiwlpy, in hin intcr>i<tinf; acroiint of th« foi|;<'. h>(i« 
failmi to noti(i> tho viilue of hm find in tbi* recpi'Ct. For 
ia*tanc«, of tlie aonl " hloim- " in the mmim of a umim of iron, 
uo nxamplm, aoooniinc to tho Sm- Kifili-tli hi-tuimirii, haw U'cn 
fourxl lii>tm«fn old Kngliah tinio* an<l tht- end of tho nixteenth 
enitur}-. Th« oarlicat example (aftvr 10(X)) rfconh-,! in tiic 
Ittflwnitry I* in 1<>74. »hil>- here we hnvi- niiiiieroiiii fZHiiipleti of 
ita iu« more than 'IM yoara oarlii-r— in 14<>9. A^ain, theiv id an 
unrecurilml wonl. " Iwniuitro " (ap|>arcntly a t-r.ito or liaKki-t of 
■onie aort), of whioh then- mi- two e.\Hmplei< : and another iin- 
rvconlMl. and very iiitfrestiQ^, fonii. " niiiindiri'n," whori- the 
initial h i« no doubt due to the " aj^gliitiiuition °° of the imU-li- 
nitv article, a« it i* in " iie«°t " ( an cfti iind " nickniinu' 
( «n eki-nanie). <mdljr enough, the modt-rn Krt-iuh " landii-r 
in formad fr»tn ohi Krench " amliiT "" (which in the ori;;in of our 
" auiliron ") by tlie similar " a^^liitin ition °° of the delinitu 
article. We would invit«« the attention of Dr. Murny to tins 
ilocunient, which he will Iind rich in early exumples of technical 
won la. 



lone Mjuvh. 
I»nd<in. IWM. 



FICTION. 



By 8. R. Crockett. 



■ ."till.. tl9 |>i>. 
Hodder & Stoughton. 6,'- 



Mr. Crockett ha» iihaken the dimt of the Kailyard from his 
fe«t Iwfore writing " lone March. " Itiit for one Scotchwonin,. 
mitigat^l ly reaidence in London, and an Irish hnsliaiid, who 
mrntionn " larer'>ck« " and " linties " on |«H;;e i;W, the style is 
a well of Kn(;liab undefiled. The heroine is a churniinf; American. 
Th» (in-l»ce in di-<licate<) to Mr. Crockett's " e.irlinst and U'st 
American fr.enda." and t4i^i6ea to hix " de«p and sincere love 
for America." 

Thota am some di«tinrtly lively Hnd convincing folk in the 
hook, and more than one raricatiir<>. Wo do not feel the extra- 
nrdinary Sm-r an<l .Sn-reaa to t>e either convincing or n<-<-eitsary 
to the atory : the aidoa'n amatory admnien to the hoi o are 
r*r t4 X /f4 : and tb« >pn(;btly Idalia i« orenlrawn, if amuxing. 
Hilt lone berii^lf i* a succesa -);ood but not goo<ly, full of 
pluck, without afTroiitn-y, and her a<lventiire« whan she face* 

t ^at^tithti alAtut ■lia^.&rrlitiiT tittt aKitlt^r of liMT fntdi.r'a mtltirttiM 



uf tlie tarioua male oharttctara, but bi< 
differ from titem«<>lve« in every fresh illustrut 
Allen on i>«);e KW. a jjaunt woman of fifty, 
|<a;:e '.'47, a r<H|uattisli-lookin|;. fashionable 
tbeieiUiuUi. However, the laTish illustratiu 
iKHik aa );ood to look at aa tlie author baa matl 

Ml. W. K. Noiria'ii Work i» always pro-i 
an<l his new story Gi\ Immlbv (Metbueii, (is 
unythin^ he has ever written. The hor>>, Inn 
young man, tall, w«ll »et up. lionost. and K 
iN'foro he develo|>s an extraonlinary liti-ri 
liocanies the lion of the season is him m in i 
heroine, Cynthia Haiii)Mlen, is on* uf Mr 
whicli is to iwiy she in younj; and lovely, fro 
i-arefiilly cba|>uroniHl by uealtliy and devotol 
some few oliatiicles are llun'.: in love's tiiiootb 
cIou<l of illeKitiiiia<'V, there are the troubles < 
a> it tunis out, a mistaken bigamist ; there is 
Ix-foie Cynthia's eyes in the |a>rsoii of Lord T 
a year, lint the renaler knows that with Mr. 
Iiittdy safe, that while bis interest will ba i>i)l 
ings will never lie harrowod : and no it proven 
when he closes the book. r<irdially agieeing w 
for the weli-horn. the well-bred, the well-to-i 
gifttd, this Knglaiid of ours is the best uf all 

DK.vn Oi-PKKXKUKH.by Tlioiiius PinkQrton 
is nndeniably oluver. The central idea is do' 
precision without any superfluous details 
caught something of that grimly logiail facii 
to the iiiaKtt-rs of Kren^-h fiction their s[>eciul 
it is u cpiostion hou far the less pleusnti 
here<lity gives a legitiiiinte tiehl to the noveli 
Holmes tried and fnil(*<l, and so, with lesrer \ 
of tlie Kulijuct is a fatal Imr. Mr. Pinker 
sele<^'t<d OS disagreeable u colloction of fami 
ooulil well Ih> iniRgiiie<l, and («sao<I them 
fiilelily from tho fathers to the children. Tli« 
lx>ok is oppressive ; the loa<) of sin anl il 
|>age, and the fate of the inno<rent and eriiii 
aa a dread certainty long liefore the climax c 
on the last page. .Most readers will fee! ii 
when that page is ieacho<l. 



©bituar^. 



ROBERT INGKItSOLIi. 

Colonel Rob<>rt Gn-eii Ingernoll was u 
who wrote books kiicIi an " The OchIs," "O 
MiKtaken <if Moses." He hnd also pnictil 
coiniiiaiide<l an IlliiioiN regiment in the ('ivil 
Attorney -<feneral of the State of IIIinoiH, am 
<>. Blaine for the Presidency in 187(i. Incomi 
referral to inditTerently as " Bob Ingers<ill," i 
Braillaugli." He resembled Mr. Bradlaugh 
of unWIief waa « n«tructed without n-ferem 
but he had a more prosperous oarix-r than hii 
and was con*e<|Uently lietter likeil by ortluMlc 
not too much to say, indeeil, tl.at he repiidii 
Christianity in the genial spirit of an af 
Honi's u-i.ri. f,ntjtrt.!&iiii4l. iit rtna time (liiit lia 



July 2!), 1809.] 



MTKHATIIti: 



III! th«<>l<>^'i<'ul •illbjl'i'tK, hIiIcIi )i<i tn.it'xl Iroia ihx i'tallt;i'lii'al 
iHiint i>( VJKM'. A Ciiiilii iil(,'« iiiitri III' »■•• • i|;l>tli .tumor Ojitime 
in IKtM h" iitililiiitn<l 11 poeiri i.ii •• Jhnri Ariwi'.l . .r Hit- 
Glorioiin Hntiiin 'of ',lli« \\»lil"iiM'» ••( l'iiiliii..iil to lli'ir N.«i.»- 
ViiUi-VD, ' ill lH«l-l Mix i<li^ii>ii> ttiiilx, hIiI.Ii all tx.ri "II ll" 
Kt'foriiiutiou, WIT": ■■'llif .\i.'iiu-y o( <;..<l iii llit- lt> (■>riiiali<ii> 
in (ieriimiiy miil Kn^jlniiil," IM'.> , •• l.if-- ul Krnmim.. ' \n'!> . 
•• K|x>cli of till. I'.i|.u<y, ' IMKI, ••.loliii Wy.lif lii> l.ifr, Tlim.. 
hikI Tiii<liiii({,' IKKI •• I'rilii'li* to llin ltifoiiii,ili..ti, l»»«rt . 
•• Hiilory ■•t til.' « liur.li in ll.ily , ' iMtCl , •• Tli.- I'.i|«l t'on. !.»»•.•. 

IhiC : ini'l ■• Til.' ('oiiiit.rlt.f i..t " IHif.i 

Till' ilnalh ix ulno itniioiiiiiiil of Coi.oNr.i. Ili» ii >.i".> , wtio 
Willi *« U'Uii uxiioi iiit<-<l with ttii' l(0'itltMl(;i' I'lililialnni,' Hoiim'. 
Coloiivl ItoutliMl^D, w)io )i<<lil n I oniiniiioioii m t)i>' auxiliaiy foro.n, 
hMl nu.>i'iitly joiiii'il tlui rii|ii(lly-iiicri'u«iii|{ r.tnkx u( !lin litarary 

Corrc8pon^cncc. 

THE HIGHEST ANDES. 

nt TIIK EDITOK. 

Sir, III /,i<iiii("i' , .Inly l."', it 1- xtntiil tint •< r Martm 
Conway, *' thoUf;li li« failiil tu nurli thi> xuiiimit of S<irat.i, 
climbwl it to n preator lioight tliiiii tin. Miiniiiit of Ao.ii(ii;;nii "' 
Sir Martin Coiiwiiy'x nnml triunnnlation of tlio lt.>|ivi.in Aiialiia, 
aa van \h< ko*<u in tlio xkctcli-nmp p\il>li.«lii'il in tli« .Inly nniiiU'r o( 
the liriMiiaithuiil .li'"i mil. shows tlmt tin- hri>;ht I'l Soriil.i ii only 
21,700 fi'ot. Acomunuu i» ovir j;i,(HKi fi««t ; uml lli.' title of 
" Highoat Aiuh'ii " lM.|on^;» iiiili»|>ntuli|y to tlio»>' thr«<. inoiintitiiix 
in Argt-ntinn .^coinagMn, Morcoilurio, nn<l 'riipiin^-ato wlinh 
arti higlipr than any jx'iik in lUiliv in. My IkioIv in to ilonl with 
my •xjxxlition to tlui .-Xnilns in IWH'i-'.'T, ami will ilcM-rilio tin- only 
coii)plt<t<< asconttt of Aconcugna tlmt Imvi- Ixxin in.wlt' thov hy iny 
oulleague, Mr. Vines, and my k"'''" /nrl.rif;j,'i n. 
I am, Sir, 

Yonr olnxliont Servant, 

KliW. (J KIT/ <;KIJAI.I) 

♦,♦ TliP statonipnt on whirli Mr. Kit/diMahl coiniinntM «»» 
takin from .Sir Martin Conway's ori;.'iiml •jitiniati' of tho lu-i^ht 
of Sorata, pnhiishoil in tho Ihiihi C'/ik'.h./.-, ami now, an Mr. 
KitzOoralil ]iointa out, corrotud by tin- moii' I'xaot stati'iiu-iit 
which Sir Martin Conway piiMi.slioil thi' otliiT day. 

AN AMBIGUOUS SHAKESPEARIAN WORD. 

TO THK EDIKIK. 
Sir, Might I ask if any Shakt's]i«arian studi'iit." <an Mi^'(;t>»t 
a solution of a ilithculty involvid in tli<> n.sv of tho wonl " triiu 
in tho KPCond vcrMo of tlm following stan/.a in l.iurr-r ? - 

Thns cavils she with mi'iything she seis : 

True prit'f is fond and testy as a child, 

Who wayword once, his mood with nouj;ht ai;r«»'". 

Old woes, not infant sorrows, U'ar tlioiii mild ; 

Continnanco tamos tho on«> ; the otln-r wild, 

l.iko an nnpractis'd swimmer ]>liinf;ing still. 

With too much labour drown." for want of skill. 

Tho contrast horo is not of true firiof with falso, but of n<'W 
grief with old : thori'foro the word " tnn>," undprsto<x| in its 
ordinary sinso, has no moaning in ronnoxion with its ronte:(t. 
Thu stan/.a appoaroil as iguottid in tho I.V.I4 islition of tlio /.ii.iv.r 
(the tir8t o<lition) and has, so far as I am awuro, ri'maini.<l 
unaltered in every sul>«>s|uent itlition : nor doos my know- 
Iwlgo of Shakespearian literature enable mo to n-oall any 
commont, o<litorial or other, containiii)' nitnsion to this doubtful 



Huthors an^ publishers 

■♦■ 

\^ ith tlir C'lir-irtriMa "I Mr* (iadlvti, t)ie xi-'tiitiair 'K 
..( .laiix^a IIi'Kj;, Hit ••!)•>?(■ |li>U|>laa liaa atiUMi • l.lfe 
Kttriek Hh*|>hriil (rtr tii« l'*i»4itu HraH* .<>rtic» .\ )«*i«i>. 
Um>'4 Kid In a .fjutixtriM.fi ■•< M..i;«' ual IL I. •H***-- 
■•••tliab •t-'ry-wtiti^r* 

\ leiiiiliaif ,,( Itftt'f* kahlrMWil l>> J.'Sn Ho'kliAin Virf 
li-oii iliaa-'irfTnl iti an o|.l < l>r*l Mul arr la:ti>|f |.«ibli«)w>l i,y ^ 
Nislat III a trolmitn ■lllltlal "J II Kr^V' aoil III* ft 
■ •(it'll b\ <( I'wtllii; I fiTti v»* 111 hi« m»tly ttfc ' itr 
briili.iii! atAR of t)i« l..'> J >■•■>■>•>, (ImI in UUr lifr tiw> (r« 

of .\l lat<>{>)utl>r« It ■• li.'thllii,' to Itir •lia.tKlit >.( bit leg 
lame that |>fola>blr tM iiIm r HI ••ii" . lurartrr tf-t lt» lAltm 
at all familiar l<> thx rnxWr of tuxUy lU/x imIbmI «r« \hm 
latii na that ha>« any >ii;or.'ua |«>|«ilar (i^^ua. atvl il ■• ivi 
in the naturi' of (lolitlcal •alir*' lo la> •|il><itn«.Tal Kc« m€ 
thia kilel. bowirir, hat,- *i«.^li ffw.r*- rff«.«-liTr «fj«l tt^-tv 
tlutii the liit.'J.i- ..'lo., «lii, h, III atUlitioii l«, llu. trdli*iv« 
. niilril iitor* ('aimiiii,'. Krvm. oihI KIIi* l>a>l t)>* a,l«ant 
ile.iliiig at a fanioiiB . ri«i« with fiiti<L*fivttt«I |.f in.-ttiJi 
.ittaekiiiu a vriii »l M-ntinieiit ahi.h raiin->l la. laHl t' I 
iiiiw lanoiHl th«j IM-""! ..f a •atiti. al ■ •>rr">^i»e Ktrfjr • 
Inast, knows th" ' N»<>il> knife |itin<Ur " «i>i| l>i« ' fn 
htiinnnity, ' »h.> h.w maiij d>-«< tniilanta t'>-<Ut Ytvtr, i 
long friorwl of < 'aniiini;. Ix-th by his rharart'^ aivl tvmr 
brilliant rircin of frieiHl* aiwl fimiuraenl rotifHlrtttial nfri 
• IH1-. <",.leTidK« on a «<dttniii iHiaiiondi^a-ribiil Kr«T» •»•)'• 
of all mm ho ha<l Ktor known t<> I" . h*r«i-ter!i« I •• . •■< 
I. ^Vu.aVcM. Kr«»rt> s works m-re coll^tnl an I j-i 
with a mi'iiioir n rpiarter of a r ntury \f^- by )>i« twy) 
lliirtle Kn-ro. 

Many i«'ople U.jjin to think lh«y ha**- li<«r<l 
alKint the l'r< -ltipha<'liti'« . but a m->ri.tiM>(it whirh •<> M 
whole ^oneiation in art iimI lottom ■-aiiiiot I-ms ita nil»ra 
them are prolxtbly many )aK>k-biiypr> who will )<•• i;la<] to h 
fnesimilo of the "linmi" whieb Mr Klliot M"-k is | ra 
Kor .Mr. stock* famimilo Mr. William lt<>Mrtti Iiaa mni(> 
intnsliictiiiii u'^iiik' a history of tho wlvontuto. aiifi j«r1 
of tho auth.'iahip of tho pipcva No stage in tlio . ar^vf 
author or niovonieiit is inoro attrai-tire t<> tho <ym|»l>>otir < 
of liternturo than tho stasi- of initialuiii anil |«nmia«, w1 
tii-st frexhiiess is on tho onthiisiaam, lli« Hush ,( lUwn s 
yet tho t:li>re of mminon ilay It i« then, as I,..«,J| au 
writers and artist* haro their |4<raonal talk with <».«l in i! 
It IS this charm wh.eh more than i-<iin|s<i>satwi (or niao> 
iieaM'* III thoBo nmatoiir mai;a/ino« int<> which .otone 
>ii...< an> so fond of |<ouring tlw-ir ri.rolutiooary itv«f>ii 
Tho l*ro-IUphaelit« "tiorni" Ium thia aiavial intar«< 
something more. 

IVofossor .Max Mtdlor ta going to giva t<> tho |mblir 
\oliiiiio of roiiiiniaconcos. Tho li«nH<<i |ico(r«»,r arxi 
councillor has ost«blish<sI a doiiblo litorary chararlar • 
)sT»onality, as it wcro, of a Iwmtlin-nt Jekyll and H 
litoraturo. Thoro i* tho b«m<s| philolo,;icml tlt«<ori 
mytlitdogical pundit, tho vory chips from whoso «;orm-.i 
shop aro Weighty. Anil thoro is tho r^ •ntly-r>'to,ti<.>l a; 
,.i.-.ii.r. 'II , tho sjttiricul. not to say Mip|«nt ot-orror of i» 
mannors in august aoci»l ami intolba tiial cinlos HaTir 
remindtxl tho world of his gravor iiitori«ts by tho 
lion of a work on the systonis ,,f Imiiaa |4>u.>(«>tbT. 
turns to t)io tighter side of his liHlian oT|«rionio« . 
l>ook of r<<iiiinisceni-os is. wo iiixbrstan.l. to !• .^•n.-^n*^! 



112 



LITERATURE. 



[Ji 



Nuraav " A im« viIuum aUmt Norwrciiii Pwaka tliould 
c«rt«inly ><• w«in>nM>. It >• •> naglai-tMi t>ranch itt Alpiiic 
liUT»ttir«. hknlly iliwll with l>y any writen ><xixi|>t Mr. Civil 
hlut(U>; in U>e Atftt^ Jv>«> h<iJ . aoil Mr. C>i)|<(>nhi<iiii iu hii ittoeiit 
houk "No* OIiiiiIm ii) Sor»»y": «n<l Mr (>|<|M>ii)u<iiii <ii>lv 
rvrountol citmlw in ouv kntall cxntar of t)ii> ^rwnt S-aiulitwvinti 
pMiinruU. 

Sir RoU-rt \>»rt«urtoii'» " Ki(:lit«<«ii V<'«r» in tln' Kliyl«.T " 
• ill tip i^ihluhnl ill Uie aiituinii li_v Mr. Murray 

It «ill !■• iiitvriwtitiK to i-«iiiniare witli Mr Horace Wjni.l- 
baiu* r*c«iit aooiiiiit of lifo in tho ranka of tlio Rii;;H«li Amiy a 
im UH.k l«v Mr Lioiiol IVvlf. i.ntitl«l '• Troo|).T U,»M.t,' which 
Mr. Ilcinatuaan aniioun.-»» for S«|>t«iiilM>r. Mr. Dc.-h-. whu ia 
txwr a uaturaliml llritiah auhjes-t, anrAwl for »<>iik' y<'«r» u a 
|<rtvata- la a French cavalrj- rfgiinciit. 

Mr Ch>ni«nt Scutt. who liaa Ion); Itacii famoiii for coiii|><>aing 
with rapidity . ha« t\niahi<il tlic two voliimpi of draniatiu 
rfininiaL'vni'v «hi<-li he hvptii last Fi-hriiary. The l><>ok. which is 
t«> W rntitlixl '• Thf l>rania of VoatenUy and Ta-I)«y," will be 
frx«ly illu>trat«il. 

'• Th» Actor ami hi» Art," whirh we aiiiioiiiictxl fotno nionthi 
Bco. it now ri-xly for |>iihlit-nti<>n. It was hold hack in onUir 
that th« author niisht r\>writ4- cha]>t<>n« in which he had aixiken 
hi* mind too rtrx>ngl\. It rpiuaiiiii. however, u vahi'iiioiit attack 
u|>oii thf artiatic prt>ten»ions of playt-ra. 

Mr. C Kinloch C.>oke"» '• Memoir of H.U.H. Princ««« Mary 
A<U-laide. l>uchcat uf Tt-ck." which we announced some time a^o, 
ia DOW almost rva<ly. Mr. Murray ia Uio piibliahor. The nutlior, 
a harrist«-r-at-law , and at one timo private M.<civtary to thf I-Jirl 
of Ihinravcn, is a journalist of somv exptTicncc Ho c>dite<l 
the l\ill Mull liii-jtu during tliu interregnum b<>tw<N-n the 
rvtireinant of Mr. K. T. ('ooki< and tho ap|K>iutiiu>nt of Mr. Cust. 

M««sra. labistcr will puldisli the memoir of Uiahop John 
Svlwyn. son of tlie taotv oalebratwl itiahopCieorge Augustus Selwyn. 
writtM by Mr. K. I>. How. 

The pursiinal artidea about Mr. Pamell which recuiitly 
appnaretl in a penny aociety paper. e<iiti-d by their author, Mr. 
T. P. O'Connor, will Iw published in book form by Mniwrs. 
Pearmn in the autumn. The title will Iw "The TrngMly of 
l>ttmell. ■ 

Two ntun- Gla<Ut«>ne biHiks are promise<l. One of these is 



a |iapar by Mr ». W K. Ruaaell on Mr. C 
dovetojniieiil, rund aoroo tiiiia ago at Chriat 
pri\ ale circulatiun, aitd now to be publiaheil fa 
The other is the iiiuintirial seniion pr<-ach 
Holland which will appear through Measrs. 

An Hutiioriaed translation of M. Rohei 
'' Hiiakin et la RiHij'ion do la Hivtuti'." 
(iailowny. will bo puKlishixi by Mr.Ueorge i 
.\m\ni;Hiiient« are being; made for the simult 
traiiBintiiin in the I'niteil Statu*. 

Mr. Kider Haiuurd's " A Farmer's Ye«r 
pl«c«' b<K)k for 18SW, ' which luu atlractetl a g 
during tin- coiir*- of its ap|M<araiic«< in /.«i 
to ap|M«r in Itook ^>ml. with thirty-six illui 

Not long »go we reviewetl u tranalntif>r 
" MahabhanitH, " by Mr. I)att. We now 
Willlaiiu aixi Norgako ore pre|wring to issue 
itn iiKlex to the croat Indian epic. It haa Im 
S. Sorvnsen. and is jxpeeied to oxtaml to ab 

I>r. Walter C. Smith, tho author of 
writing his n'tiiiniitoenoea. 

A new miition of the Poems of Hawker 
lati'ly mentioned in our folumns. Me 
announce ii new oilition of Mr. Baring 
life of tho fauioUK vicar poet, which bus long 

Messrs. Swiui SonneiuH-hein aimouiiee n 
Koiiio, by Father l<Hmea. 

Mr. Xaugw'ill sails to-<lay for the L'nil 
will sui>erinteni1 reliearsals of the pluy foiiii 
ful novel, •' Children of tho (ilietto.'' 

Yet another o<lition of the Wa%'erlcy 
It will 1h> (mUUhI by Dr. (Jnmett. 

All iimusing addition to the liook 
tho war botwooii the United States and 9 
The Manhattan Pr»8« Clipping Agency 
tbu cartoons inspin'd by -tliu camitaign 
ir. the iHtriiMlicitl Press. The book, when co 
loss than twelve volumes. Only seven cop 
for sale. The i>ri«' has not yet lieeii detenu i 

Messrs. Sampson Low are iMiblishini 
Spenser Wilkinson, entitiod •' Untisli Poln 
repro<liicing in a reviaed fonn the author' 
Crisis," which lately apiieared in the Monii 

MoMsrs. Metiiuen are publishing u nev 
Phillix)tU. tho author of "The Children of 
"The Human Boy." 



LIST OF NEW BOOKS AND REPRINTS. 



DRAMA. 

Aa IdaAl Husbuiil. B.v ihr 

Aulhrtr cjT "' IjuA} WirMlmiMTr'". 
Kan.' H4 'tti" . 2U pp. Ixmdon, 
UM. I>r««>>rd .Smil lii'P-. ;-. 6d. ii. 

BDUCATIONAU 
A HlstocHeaJ Pranoh Onun- 

m*r. It) .|r-«fi*- />.»ffi.^«/«-/rr. 

Authoriwl »JiKll>h Ml Hon liy 
AlDboo.* Hmrum. U'Mtu. xlvilti- 
nl pp. l/undan. ISW. 

MsmillUn. IN. M. 

FicnoM. 

A Baa Comatty. R) MoHrw 

/6V»rrfi. Tl • :Vitt.. IflFinp. I.x]ndon, 

uan Mlli>e. ft^ M. 

Dr. Nlkola'a Kxpaptmaot. I(> 

t{wr H'mii,i>v. i] . .',j|,... j«ri |,p. 
Uonduii. I ••II. 

lI'.l'ItT \ ."lOtlKt.tnti. :-. 

TiM CHma In the Wood. Hr 

T. ir. Sftr.tjht. TI'.'»tlIi-. iil pp. 
t^XMlcn. I'M. J. Ixmic. >. bl. 

Man** TsiMaillaa. Hr /'. C 
tti^rf, H'^itu.. SO pp. lAiiidon. 
tarn. MsrmUUn. A-. 



loaaaUnoSlMsdUvr PpIi 

Br JoMm ytil/orrl. T J . i|iri 



»l (IP, 
Jarralrf £! 



OBOORAPHY. 
China. cTI»' Itnixrial liiter<-i>t 
l.ibmrr.l Hv HorrUii K t/omt. 
Ux61iu.. 3UU pp. Lunduii. ItUI. 

SiiiiiIk. (Ii.. 

HISTORY. 

TheHlstopyorSouthCaPOllna 

under the Royal Ooverm- 

ment, I7I9-I776. H> Ai/..,,,-,/ 

Mct'rtldy. *\ ■ .'^iii.. xxviil. t S»T pp. 

London. IMIU. Maimillaii. 14«. n. 

MEDICAU 

A Syatam of Madlolna. Vi>|. 

Vlf. Kd. Iiv T. <■. Allliull. itxHlll.. 

KCpp. l.<iij<l..r,.lw.f.l..M:i.nuM;in.-ii».ii. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

A Handbook of Oold-Mlnln*. 

•Aid M. Ht /Irnry Imuim. M.A. 

71'.'iiii.. xvi. tWI pp. l/<indon. 

law. .Macmilliiii. IUh. n. 

Low'a Handbook to the 

Charltlaa of London. I':d. Iiy 

II. Ii. liuvK-ih. !>• ■ lin.. 2«u pp. 

Ixmd'iri. IHOB. "ntnli-'in I^iw. 1«. <M. 

Index to Partodlcala, ISOS. 

I" • TJin.. .%l!l pp. l,.incl.Mi. UglH. 

Hi \ 1..W c.f i;. \ 1. '.\ -. iih.. n. 

NATURAL HISTORY. 
The Romance of Wild Flowara 
Br KdtnirH HIrn. K.I..H. TlxMln.. 



POKTRY. 
Idyla of Ktllowen. Hy thn Rrr. 

MtUlhrw «i<««W/. .S.J. 7(x&iin.. 
ISHpp. Ixilldoli.l.s'llt. n<)ud('ii. 3>..Hd. 

Othap Paople'a Wins*. Hy T. 

If. //. Cru^land. 7j ^ijlli.. 31 pp. 
Ix>ndon, IHWt. rnicitni Ph-kj.. lid. 

Lsiya of the "Tpua Nopth," and 

otliiTl nnudiati I'ocnir.. By AantM 

M. Mnrliar, 7] xiiiii.. 313 pp. win 

don. IHIU. Slock. 

REPRINTS. 

The Opeffon Trail. .Sknloluw of 
I'nilHi' anil IUm kv .Mountain Litu. 
By /•VriBri/i VarKmtin. HJx6iln., 
xviU.^t'lTU pp. I/ondon. iwn. 

MHiniUInn. Hh. 6d. n. 

ThaTwroOuapdIana; or. Ilmnv 



tliih 



World. By 
7! -.Mn.. 414 



rhtirioltr .v. 



cnf/r. 71 -. .Mn.. 444 pp. I.on<lon. 
IHM). Mnumillan. .V. Hd. 

Dorothy Fox. By Ijouina I'arr. 
7) xMn.. IW pp. lx>ndi)ii. Ifm. 

Mscniillan. So. Ad. 

Kata Covantpy. .\n .\iitoblo. 
Ifniphy. KA. (ly «. J. tVhfle- 
Si'IrilU. 8 • ilin.. 311 p|>. LoadoD, 
IWi. Ward. I,n<'k. .V 6d. 

John Halifax. Oantlamaa. Ry 



Haapartda 

Hniitaii II 
Uroirnititi. 
2 volx. II ■ I 
I8UH. 

Martin Cti 

)i-4in., an 

I 
APffantaui 

Iu I be HI 

Slr„htH I 

l.Wpp. Br 

Tl 
The Studt 

By «. H. tl 

641n.. x.+a 



After Blv 
AfMoa. 11 

TninHlatiHl 
Htln.. XXV 
IICJH. 
A Oulda tc 
Mattarhi 

ll'«ii/,»i..^r 



JJitci'iiturc 



Edited by ^. H. Jnlll. 



No. l»l. HATUIIDAV. ACOIMT \ \mu. 

CO NT I : NTS. 

.^. — — 

LMtdlng Artlol»~H4liii|nmnn<l H.hi»l,in.hl|M III 

"Among my Book*,"* ••>" l'nifi><««>r I>«>vr«lfn Ti 

PO«m "'llif Try-t of (^iii-.n llyn'l''." t'Y Kl"iii» M»rli><i«l Ti* 

Bourtoaki'B Madmnn. 1-y Mr. Kruiiri- Jiiii.l.lr Ilm 

A Coming Utorary Bvent i:*" 

Phnippe-Augu«t»-M*thlaii de VllUeni de L'Ial»- 

Adam.i.yJI. ".<•»" 1111 I" 

Ravlewa 

TlHiiiilitlnnIPi-of. I-iiii" l'<H.lrl III 

NlH-tlliTIl I'i'smIiiiUiii 
M»r«ll Ttir KuthiT Infrnio A\rl ll<>r« riiil Ij>ii«>' ••! Ti.rn 

Month AfrlcH 

An K.iiirlMi Soiilh Afrlrim •< Vlow of Iho Hliii/iUon Hkrl.-tii-i nml 
.Stililliw III Soillli Afrlru Till' lli«li>r) of tiilr own Tllm-" In 
Soiilti Afrirn I )ii llir Soiilli Afrlnin Kinjiillir 117 

OutfoiiUM of OlilOxfonl IIT 

A Hiiiiily HtMik of Fishciy M;uiii«i'iiii'iil 11'^ 

Nillunilisiii Klul A^;Ilosll^■islll II!' 

Othvp Naw Booka 
A llUlory of KiDii lollfitr Tin' I.lfi- of l>ii\l.l (liirrl. W l;omii..i' 
of Willi Klownrx Thi> Aitr of Ilniko A Ill-lorj of n»fi>nl«lilrr 
A HWory of llii' Sioiii.h lUmWr t oiintli-. tliiUli- ll.«.l>. TJI 

notion— 

Mi'n'i TnuniUi-M l.lki' AtioIIiit llrli'ii Kmiii tin' llnmil A. n- 
Moim l.lllli' lliTtliii Till' Itlurk TiTmr Tin- Anmlbuii 1 lir 
Korlivii of Yioli-uini A Kioilly <oiirl-lil|> Imh .■ tin- IM.i)ir 
'riiuniii 1.1' I'lT-' Mil'Hi rCI. I'll 

August Magazines. II. \xi 

Corraapondanoa IVIinlilvt' roiHtcllatioii" i.Mr, Itolwrt Mn>»n. 
Jiiiilorl . |:>I 

Notes 111. li*'. IJl. l-T. Ii!s. |j!i 

Authors and Publishers i:'»"., l:>i 

List of New Books and Reprints l.'kt 

SCHOLARS AND SCHOLARSHIPS. 



This is the festive .sen,«oii of tin* year, nt wliidi 
Itclioois brenk up, nnd soh(H)lina.xters, if one tnay M»y so, 
ht»ak out in letter.-* to the |»aj>eiM. The editor of the /'oi/y 
NetrK has this year l>een the reripient of their I'Dnfuieiue.- ; 
and these are of a wider interest than iisuiil. It i- a 
matter of fi.iing the dates for s<.-hoiarship exaniinntiuns.and 
dissatisfaction with the existing arrnnijenients is evidently 
widespread. One might, of course, plau-^ilily fake the 
line that this is a subject on whiiii the la>t word lifloiit;-' 
to the lienefactors rather than to the heneficiaries — to the 
I'olU'irps wliicli bestow larfcsses rather th;in to the 



Publl«h*d by Zhr 7mti. 

I'lMix-loti* of •I'hotaatii- •■|iitiiiiti. Tt.«- difll' ully »• lh«t ll 
in no • I'-nr ■■•in*enaua of •< hoU.<tif iifiinloii, nitil I 
dilTiTiMil tttilhoriln-" fnl»ry itii". ''■ "k'''* '"" 

|>i>iiiliii;{ in ilitfpri-iil ilirf<tii>ii«. 

ICi(Ul(lilv •[■••nking, lhr> iitlratUIII at iMtIr 1 

Sliotil'l till" riainiimtioii" for •« hMl»f»lii|«« 1«- .|.fnv: 
they arr nt pr"*"**!!!, o\«t the iwadriiin ymr, nf •liotii 
till' riijh'^rn ri)llil>ilie fiv» irrtaMI ;;ri»U|»» of ■■oU«-(;«-« 
i-n<'li I niviTiitv alrvnilv do) niid •■tAiiiin" all thr >ni 
ilnl«'n in n lump, afl«T tin* fn«hion of ll." 'iiil S^r 
< 'ommi'<«ioner« ? The piiatin;,' nmn;;«-tii«-iil«. » 
lake it, are not thi> rr.iilt of any i-nr'-fully tr- 
out theory; but m<Ti'|y ••T]irf«» th«- int>-lli;;rnt 
intereil tif a mitnlwr of ri\nl nilli-,;>-« loini'-titig for 
N-st available alumni. .*»ome inllr-^'i'., Iiki- Itnllio 
lUford and Trinity al ( 'amb'idjjr, r>-j<>ii iti;; in 
'<tr«'ngtli of nti exi«'plioniil ri-putntion, pri-fi-r nn nttit 
of proud ixiiliition, holdini; nil riMiU nt nrin'' hti, 
OthiTi find that they ran -ii-i un- a l>«-tt«-r (lidd by |«»> 
their attn»i-lion>', and holdini; a combiniil I'X.iniin-i' 
'I'he |M)liiv, in fithi-r ra-»', ii inipinij by piirtdy •< 
motive-i, and ;idopt<-d w ilhoiit r<-;,'nri| to tin- rmnt-ni 
of ihf I'ommunity al Inr^ji'. It do-i not. of roUfK-, ',•■ 
from thi-' that tin- |iolirv i» iipii<>««il to the intfri-*t< ••( 
I'ommiinitv at lar'^'e ; but it diw« follow th.-jt it i« it |>i 
of whii-li till- wiidom is ojn-n to drliriti'. \^-i u« ib-lni 
• Ir. rather, let us ron-ider what tin- lie]tdmii.>ti'rii 
i-ritii i^<- it havf to ?<ay aUmf it. 

Tin' first tiling lliat om- noti<<'-< in r\.in>ii 
Ihfir arguments is that the-i- haw nothilii; to 
uith culture and the arts, or i>\fn with thf «n. 
principles of abstract ju-tiii-. iin the i-.inlrnrv. 
fads almo-t justify one in -.•\ying that the opin 
of headmasters «)n this iinbjtvt vary inversely i 
the .s(|uares of their distami"! from wntK of lri\m 
The teaciiers of blamele-s |(y|ierlx>r>-nn< and iVIt* |>ri 
that the present plan of cnm|inii;n put* them at a 
advantai;e. Their pupil*, they uri;e, can ill nfTonI the 
of the several -utve^sjve )i»t-huntini; ex|i>-<lition< •! 
often have to lie undertaken ln-lore tlip iin«>lr<| prii 
won ; and it ii neither convenient nor i,'!**! r>f di-- ij 
that .-ixth form lioys should be continuallv taken ri 
from their studie.« at the ends of the n»rth to M«it ^>\ 
and ("ambridge in the middle of ti-rm. ion-»«jue 
they would like to s*"** all the •loholar'^hip cxaminatinti 
all the coil.>g.>s amatv'amateil. and all tin- aa.inl- n 
'-iiMiiltnncoii'il V nt the lietrinninir of the nii.l-^iim 



114 



LITERATURE. 



[A 



in hrinpinj; thi* Iw^t men to tli^ front. For one thing, the 
Iiajx-rx nr»' lik«'l_v to I* Ix'ttor set nml nu>re cArefuIly looked 
o\er vkhen then- i* only n sn»;ill fieKI niul « >ninll Ivxinl of 
einininers ; MHiinilly, if tliese exnniinntions iire ulvhiiy" 
•Mx-nrrini;, nt ^hort intervals, thnni^hout tlio year, every 
>wv ix nl>le to enter tlie li<t'- iit tlie time when his work 
i* lit itA l>est; thinlly, it wouUI )»> very hanl u]K)n a lail 
tthohapjienetl l<> U> ill nt the time of the only examination 
of the yi>nr that his ehnnee of uinnin;; a seholaiship 
'•lionlii l>e lost to him for ever. These arguments are 
hanlly less fonihle than those whieh ue \»ei^he<l first ; 
nml the <juestion is whether the jin>h!em cannot l)e 
solved, to the Mttisfartion of every one i-onrerne<l. hy 
fom|>nimis«». 

In the first jila<'e it may rea-^onably be 8U^gest«'<l 
that OxfonI and rainhriilye should eome to some amicahle 
armn;jement to prevent the dates of their examinations 
frttm clashing. In the case of Italliol, OxfonI, and Trinity, 
• amhridge. there might l>e the difficulty that each college 
would wish to come lirst, with the view of having tlie 
first pick of the candidates. They might solve the 
problem by agreeing to take pnvedence alternately. In 
the case of the smaller colleges there is a sinvial reason 
for avoiding a coincidence of dates, arising from the 
differem-e of scholarshiji conditions at the two I'niversities. 
KhnkIIv s|ieaking, the distinction is this: that an Oxford 
i-ollege is pre|iare<l to give i.80 a year to a few j)erson8 of 
conspicuous ability, while a <'aml)ridge college gives £;j() 
n year to a large numlier of j)ersons of aventge ability. 
To lads who are not quite sure of themselves it is an 
obvious a<lvantage to In- able to try for the larger prize first 
without knowing that, if they miss it, they will also miss 
the chance of «e«-uring even the smaller. 

For the rest, the liest working solution of the 
difficulty would proliably lie that colleges should group 
themselves for examination jiurjKiM-s rather more than 
they do at present, but considerably less than the 
ntlvocates of the extreme jKilicy would have them do. 
.S>me half-a*<lozen or so examinations, judiciously dis- 
j»erse«l l)etween the months of October and .lune. would 
give every candidate a sufficient numln-r of chances to 
eliminate the element of luck ; while the numl>er of 
vacancies on ••m-h fi-casion w<iuld make the chance go<xl 
enough to prevent the lly]>erlNjrean and the Celt from 
regarding the adventure as a forlorn hope which did not 
justify outlay on a railway fare and an hotel bill. The 
compromise might not please everylnxiy — compromiseH 
Mildom do ; but it would at least avoid the worst of 
the evils of which the two |)nrties to the controversy 
complain. 



of the exi»ensive but of the cheap boti 
of liooksellers look for their main prol 
with a prv)test against the idea that a 
|in>sperous by restrictive measures. ' 
which has certainly re<'eive<l le.ssattei 
The jirinciple of liiituif: fa iff \i»n p 
most tradeti; and it is singular thi 
whieh has the si^H-ial advantage of hi 
from the fon-ign comjietition Ixigey— 
to be an exception to the general rule 



\V 



§» f.TttliiinfHl 



f.'U' %L'ti 



!A tknf\ 



«l.u 1a«< 



In his address of welcome to the 
Students, the Warden of .Merton rev 
situation genendly, and procee*le<l 
reference to the effect of recent dem< 
U|»on the relations l>etw'een town 
relations have certainly changed for ( 
days of .Mr. Verdant (ireen, and 
natural that Mr. Hrodrick should at 
ment to the dissemination of culture I 
jMirties, and other means. Where all 
argue, are able to " reiul the orncl 
there is no longer any vulgar herd le 
u]H)n with contempt, and no longer t 
for a town and gown row. Seeing, hoi 
gown rows did not, even in their jialmit 
reason or rage round j>rinciples, one ii 
to look for some other cause for the 
these disturbances. One might find 
improvinl disci]>line of the I'niversit 
and the increased efficiency of the Ox 
other; while the fact that street fight 
fashion all over the country, even in pi 
sion lecturers never jienetmte, may ah 
sav in the nmtter. 



Those who are on the look out, 1 
demonstration of the effect of cultii 
manners may find one b}' <'om]iaring I 
two labour disputes which are jinx-e 
time — in the I'nited States and Denn 
Denmark one half of the industrial 
locked out ; the artisans are reported 
enforced leisure in attending courses 
on history and science " ; and there 
" l>ashing" of blacklegs, the wreckiu] 
other kind of violence. On the othei 
r.S..\., where we reatl of no such pit 
•■ulture, we do rejul daily of the bU 
with dynamite. .Mr. Brotlrick will 
we will agree with Mr. Hrodrick — tha 
two stories is all that could Ije desire 
now an excuse, such as may not reci 
come, of rolling out the whole of i 
from " Ingenuas " to " feros." 



IRevfews. 



AugUHt 5, 1899.] 



LITKHATl'KK. 



canonM of th« (in-at Kxliitiition ht-lil nway in tli*' iloorn- 

tion oT ilrnwiri(,'-r<M)iiiN, tin- (><mmI |m-ii|iIi<< nf tliiii inlninl liH>k 

I)l<'H«iir»' iti the liarrnlf>.M n»Tf«>.ary ■' I'mM-rliinl l'hili»- 

Hopliy " of tlif Infi- Mr. Miiitiii h'nri|iilinr rn|.|«fr. 'I'luv 

foiitid Ktriiii(;t< loiiifoit III liJH nriiiitl'l)- |iln(ttii)|>», nml 

mliTiin-d tli»i rnilil <i>rr«'<-tn«*»'i of liii\irvk«. l>f>voiit, vet 

kindly, tlmt " ijcxnl ^jn-y ["x-t" un»i iili«<-fMMl, hIich nt 

cliiirrli ill Kii^liuid, xiidly xliukin^' lii* lund nt •nn li ilu- 

turl)ili^' iilinixcM UN ■■ df^xfuilfd into lli-ll," luid diiriii;; lli*- 

rfritul of till- ri>lit'<-.^iiMi (ilfnitli I'liliiliiniilv I iilli-d I lit- < rf«-d 

of Siiitil Atliaii»xiU'< lie (liiji|i|>*<ari-<l intu llir <iIi\'<m-^ of 

liiN |)«'w. Siu-li wiij. Ilif iiiviiiiililr liitiiiiiiiity of tin- iniiu. 

W'r lia\*« alwayH tlioii^lit tliat, in iiiind and rlmimlir, 

Martin ru|>|M'r \ni.« llin Wf»liTii tran-lulion "f Slmikli Sa'di 

i)f Sliira/. 'I'liH iVinian [mm-I uui ii<> !•••.« \iMi>-iHl>lr ami 

devout, a mild man full of iix-ful family >u\f< and an 

iiiHxImuntililf* fariilty for ('omniiiniilarr. Il>- I'lijoy', it i« 

trti)', II doiilitliil |M>|iularity amnn;; landidati"* lor the 

Indinn Civil Scrxiif, wlio do not xft-m to lind tin- (a.«k 

of pIouj»liin;j fand |K)^.Hillly U-iii^ •• |ili>iii;li.-i| " in) llic 

(iuliMtAn and Mtistnn of tlit> Sliiin/inii TiipiM-i <|iiit«' ••<> 

ri'frewliiiii; nti «>x(T( !•<(< a.t tlnir liadrr, I.iiiii.mI Mr. i'latt-, 

would liav<> tlicin think ; l>iit"^iMMl old .'^a'di " mav ri-a|i 

(■oin|M'iiHation in tin- ciilojiy of lii> latc>.l mlmirrr. .'<ir 

Kdwin Arnold, who lalls hiin •'really flu- l|orn<-.> and 

.Marco I'olo of the Far Iji.^t [why I'ar ? . i ■mihinrd into 

one rich and jjnuioun natnr*-." \Vt« ha\i- h-.-.s ohje. tion |i> 

th«» Mnri'o I'oIo tomimrison. for Sa'di wa.« a ;,'H'al Inmliei, 

moiU' fourteen |iil;;rima^'e« to .Mint a, and wandereil aKnit in 

an aiinleKs way throii;,'li .\.tia Minor, .*<yria. K;;v|it. .\I>V" 

xinia, Ikrlwiry, IVifia, and India, till he died, at the a;,'e 

(they say) of 1(18, at the f!o.-.e of the thirteenth .eiitury. 

Hut lloraeel We do not know whiih of the tuo jio«t-< 

w«>u!d Iw the more scandali/id l>y the MUijiiesled 

r^wemblanoe. 

Nevertheless it is undeninhle that ••the iii;;htiii;;ale 
of the groves of .Shiraz" has an iinmem-e vojjue in the 
Kast, and even Kuro|»ean scholars have Ix-en known to 
admire him. Ou.seley, as .*^ir Kdwin reminds lis, call- him 
•'the hrijjlitest ornament of I'ersi.i." and Namlx-rv dilates 
on "the undying' fieshne.vs of hi-, -tyle, his Inilliant 
Ianguaf,'e, and his witty and tellin;,' siinilitiide-." I'.olh, 
of course, refer to the ori:,'iiial !'ei>iaii. whith i- uiidoiiM- 
edly very jiure and simple in >tyle, and hajipily luriitd ; 
yet we huinhly confes> that \»e have lonnd Uith 
the (iulisliin and the Hiistun mighty tiat. 'I'liere i> 
something ulnnit Kjislern proverhial iihiloM)|.hy that diMs 
not lit in with nKMlerii tjisle, and the commoii|.hue in 
literature, to our mind, attains its most com|ilete and 
insutVeiahle exinession in the writings of the ••\»ise old 
traveller." If ^uch the " I»ose-(iaiden " a|«i«ears in its 
own tongue, it can hanlly \n> ex|H'cted to |ilea.«e u> Ixlter 
in Knglish -even ."•^ir Kdwin .\rnold"s. We have n-ad it 
in (iladwin's, and F.<istwicks, and I'latls', version-. v»ith 
nndiminished repugnance. Still, if there must Ix- an 
Knglish translation of such stutV. Mr. Kastwick's .se««ms to 
us to lx» on the whole as scholarly and intelligent a.s neeil 
l)e, whilst Mr. I'latts gives an excellent literal version. 
There are a certain numl>er of dchntenMe |K>ints, |)it- 
falls, and obscurities, in the text ; hut for the mo>t i>nrt it 
IS verv ensv. striiiclit fiiiunril l'i>i'-iMii in ulii..), i» ;< l,.ir.l 



Mrigin«l. \ fairly liternl \rt»ii>n of the |>f<M<r |«it« 
niiti, and the \erw whu h • ••iittAiitly iiil'-rrii|<t« the , 

le«« nlli-i'doie* I* rri ll«t llilx c|..^';;rf nl. \\V ka»,- , 

(rie<l "to «t|i the I ii|> of |«i(i<-ii, t- aii>| umloiii ■ 
I .ti|«-t of traii'|iiitlity," B» ."^ir |',l»ii, t... .,,i. ....... I • 

jerking out thtTir line. : 



-\* III .UI>1«, III •li.oiti .'I •1^1.9 • 

.Nelllief ■••ll.a. nor forln deh;;lll/' 

whii'll i> a fair >nni|ile of the re.t ' 



Ihu 



'|UA 



l\rAllt« llnilr l>.f<l«til|. ' 4rir. 

Strr »ril%i*« l«- •^.Af 't.tiol* I., tt" -l>.«|. 
U Im, riil,<« liy l)(*iiii)[ ii.akra Ull 



Ti. 



\ff"- wliiili iil>iiliel< •HI dliiext e»t-rv t.i 
more irritating Ihnii the jirme ; Imt ••tfii m «)utl 
!••• n v«'iy |iUin hu-m,--., d<'tii.iiidiii^' a(»>'.e nU < 
•<im|ilirity, the rt-nil. r Mill I-- frfjiieutly I. ,«»».«. 1 > 
K.<Uin .\riiold'- foiidn,-*. for retniiuii;; a IVrauiii I 
without any e\|>lniiatiiiii, wh<-i,- nri Kii;;li«li <.ii"- ■•,'■. 
much Ix'tler. .Noi In the nmtler iiii|.ro>i.i| alir: 
Persian word t* •|M-lt in ilitfemit »nv. in ditT,-t,i.' 
'I"he average re;idi'[, il le- i« n •••i.e old tfn.«-ller 
author, when he loin,'.. ai r'>«« n^iumi inlxi •■•■l( lorn 
••iirli'i ii-n will iiiiiiii-ihiitely think ofn !..>-< <ir l>inl-«nii 
!'. and n. -teainer, uho ilia-H not nl nil tit the ••.! 
lliiLiiii, again, will ••ug;;«--t a phvMi i.iii, whrn it i. 
merely to mean louii-ellor. Kngli-h render, iniiie 
exIK'cl*-,! to know that lidit,,- li|e:iii> the d'Trf"' of '|e. 
Khiliil or h'liil'tl (reallv h'hU'nt) a roU- of hi>noiir, <l 
a mini-ter >if the eM-hcjiier. </<'i'/>Wi and •l»n/-'i/i it i 
It-i'il^il-iifil the trea-ury. '"'^(-/nji i i.>-.. l-tr/i,i f ihil 
litiihLii II a -oldif'r. and tn'/i/n/i nnil l>iii-ih a loni 
or l>ani|. If •■ |i«al colour" is >ti|i|a>-<il to !•■ n 
I'V Oriental w.ird-. as Mr. Kipling and Mrv .*•!<■» 
du-triou-ly >eek to ronvince u-. nt lea-t h-l the!.- 
exjilained tinmi-tnkahly hy the context. It wou!d 
an ingenioii- n-adi-r to di-<o\i'r that " I niri"ile«-»h " i 
Kdwin .Vriiold'- wiiy of >|H-I!ing '.\liu-i-l.<ii>. a fni 
adventiirer-kini; ol jN-i-ia wfll-known to hi-torv. or 
|{n/iT-chameher ami IU/nr-< heiiieher m<-nn Itii/iirjn 
tiiejiriiiie mini-ter of Nau-hir\nii (l»-ri- given vnrKi 
a- Niirshivan and .Now.-hirvan ). 

Ilone-tly we cannot admit timt Sir V.. Arnol.l 
iniproveil u|«>n Kji.-twick. Vet it would Iw unfair no 
add that ocra-ionally he ha- hit U|>on a happier reniji-i 
and that in gi-neral hi-* version of the pri»«> give> .*ra 
sense as ch>selv as ne»^<l 1»" d<*-ini|. Nor .« it iinin**-! 
amidst the heap of platitudes, to di-inter hen^ and thr 
small niiijget of humour. We like the «ti>rv of 
jackal who wa- afraid of U-iii;^ imprt>--eil for -erviiv 
•• I'omtni-arial camu>l," and have alwav- n*«jwi ttil 
intelleetlUll conilitioll of the der\i-h who pi, ked III! 
pre-er\ed the Mg -tone whiili the -oldier thr'-« 
his head, and. when the -oldier got into .Ii.;;raie 
lay hi'iple-s in a pit, came and retunnsj the <..n 
meiit : - 



Tlic iiiiiii K:ti,l, " \\li.< ait lliii'i ' kinl all 
till. »t<<iu' at my h>'ail ' " (,><i<>tl< ()<<> l>ar«<>nili 
?<<icli All one. anil that otonci i« tlio Tity >a(iK, i 



.1 *t li,. M 

' ' 1 «ni kii. )i 
iicli "n • cwt 



116 



LITERATURE. 



[Au 



of xnilgar life"— aixl |M>rh«|i« to indnU* th«« soothiiif; 
ii<ir<7iV<i until tlii> iniiul liistiU into vacuity —liefore ou<> io 
quit* in a romiitiou to n>lir^h the mild frn^rnui'e of the 
- KoM« (ianirn." 



NORTHERN PESSIMISM. 



8TRINDBKRO AND BJORNSON. 

Marstt. Im Ki-iniiH' <lu Clifv.iliiT Hi'ii^i. I>i.inip III 
<'in.| At 1.--. fj .-n IViw. I*iir Atlguste Strtndberg. Trmlm-- 

Mercure do Franco. 

The Pathor: \ Tr.«K'>-<ly. My August Strindborg. 
Ty.«n-l.«t.-,I tiv N. KrichM-ii. x. » W |>|i. Ixiixlon. l>s(i. 

Duckworth. 3 

Inferno par Aupist« Strlndberg. Avant |>n<|M<H p.ii- 
Marccl Reja. \i. • T,:> |<i>. Vmi-. isiis. 

Morcure de France. 

Axel Berg, il ll.iri.lwinil.-(.) P.ti Auguste Strindt>erg. 
Tr;«<luit <iii Nuoltii.o |»i%r M. L. IJUiiiHiiMiti. i*> |i|i. I'lin--, 
l***"- Mercure de France. 

Paul Lan^ et Tora Par8l>erg. Ry BJOmstJeme 
Bjomaon. Ti.iiislat<tl fi-tmi ihu NorwcKian l>y .\. L. 
i{>'R-lkM4i<l. 3V> pp. I^iiiiliin, ihW). Harper. 6,'- 

Aupi«t Striii<U»T|; Iihh Iohr U-cii n naiiii- in coiit<iniK>rary 
l««tt«n-» in Knclinxl little morp than it iiam<'. In Swiwlcn lii* 
(•m« i» pTt>«t : lii» •Iramnx, liin novel*. hi» hintoripK, lii» owuiyn, 
hi* a.-iatitific trmitiww. hit autobiofn^iphiiui havn Ihh'Ii widoly 
rr«<l ami ragvrly diixiiiwol . In tlio first hliiah of tho realJRlio 
int-aaion hia plara *tirT<«l (Serinnn thought. Now, in tho |«yiho- 
lo;;ioal (loriod of Kn>nch lil«ratun>, tho time of intro«|i<-ction that 
ha* niirtiiml M. Htiysmanii, hi» aiitobiofrraphy, " Inferno " — 
Ibo <UylMK>k of an cnd-of-tlio-oentiiry };oniiia— baa iK'en horaliknl 
aa a iluciunent of pttat moment, and Strimlticrg has uiiur|iMl the 
throne of Nii-trA.-hc. In this cuiintry his reputation as a 
iviwimiftt— an<l, al>o»*o all. as a misopynist -has In-on a matttT of 
h<«rMy. We Itolicvo that Mias Krichscn is tho first to tranKlatu 
any of bis works into Knglish. A.t " Tlio Father " roproHonts 
only oDc ]ibaso of Strindlwrg'ii cbar.ictor — for horc, (frtainly, 
the book is thi- man »o liavo grouixnl with it thrco other works 
rwrntly |>ublishe<l in France, and, for the sake of coniitarison 
ami contrast, Mr. Krakstatl's aibnirablc translation of KjurnHon's 
lajit play. 

ThMn four out of the numberless works of August Htrimllieri; 
will servt' to illustrate the evolution nixl tlie various mocHls of his 
IMWaimiam. " Margit,'" or " Hcnjft's Wife," was is8uo<l liefore 
"Tlie Father" and aft<-r " MaMer Olaf " an<l "The Se*ret of 
tiie tiiiild." StriiKlberg conimencctl his literary car(«r as a 
writer of historical play*, although for ye«nt previous to tho 
|)ro<luftiun of his lirat <lrania he ba4l tieen engaged in jounialistic 
Work. There i* little of the extraordinary bittomoss of Strind- 
bartt's later years in "Master Olaf " and "The Sot-ret of the 
tniild." lioth rather dreary and wooilen plays. Tliere are signs, 
howrrer, of a morbid interest in ugliness and the abnormal which 
iWte|o|« rapidly in " Il<ngt"s Wife," and reaches a climax in 
" Tl>e FatlvT " ami " Misi. Julie." " IWngt's Wife '' is the last 
of Strind>«rg's historical dramas, but its inl«'rest is that of the 
modem |>ro)>letii play. In many ways " lt«'iigt's Wif.- " is a line 
aivl stirring pie<v of work. There is |>nssion and pathos aiKl 
>ym|aithy in tho story and the author's method. Tlie heroine it 
weak, but rK>t deapi-nble or hat^-ful. an<l ttiu curtain falls on a 
•itnati<in of bo|a-fid happiness. Margit. it is true, n-volts ; she 
i» ooe of the i-arly inw wom<n ; 1 ut she finds her iK-nee and 



woman tho enemy of man. tor " love h 
strife." And the wuai>ons us«l on IhUIi 
(-'ono«>ive the situation. The captain and 
lighting for tlio pusaeaaiun of their child, 
captain rv|>riMienta all the ancient Kyaten 
Aooinling to his doctrine, tlu< moUierhaa u< 
over his child'h future. " She haa sold her 
trHUKuction, and surrentlered her rights in 
undertaking to cai->' for her and her chihlreii 
of new ideas of i-evolt. To cora|iaa8 her i 
throws doubts ujiou the |iaturnity of her child 
subtlety in her reasoning. The father I'aiinc 
is his, hu cainiot prove that his wife is fi 
therefore he can have no absolute right. " Yi 
function," says Laura, " as an unfortunal 
winner and father. Vou ar<> not nee<le<l 
nniKt go.'' The Captain is a nervous aiM' 
of pcienoo. The wife plays with his reason 
And the woman wins. This story, terrible < 
StrifHllHTg's hands Im-cuuios nauseous. We i 
the sonlid detail of the struggle : the argiii 
all their brutjil grossiieHs. The t>(>(>k in oi 
ilosos with relief. 

" The Fatlier" was followwl by " MisH . 
hnrrowing story of sensual, sexual {MuisiouN. 
iMTg naches a climax of womnn-hati-eil, ai 
the nuwd of his ]H»^inliNnl neems to chani 
writing wa« ab;indonu<l,and the author of "' 
himself to abstruse s<-ientific n>search, pr 
brochures and {lamphlets of purely scientific 
study of chemistry Strindl>erg passe<l to thi 
later work ap|iears to \m simply tho roconl 
numlwr of volumes of Strindb»'rg's autobiof 
at various times, the most chamcteristic an 
buaring tho terrible title "Inforno." Thee 
mented by more than one autobiographica 
have chosen " Axel liorg " as Iwing the moa 

The value of these autobiographiea i 
must Im o|ien to dispute, for their genuineiii 
tlian i|ue8tionable, in spite of the author's n 
It is im|)oB8ible that auy human Ixfing 
futlioine<l the depths of darkneHs describod 
have rutaine<l his sanity. " Inferno " up; 
conjurings of a brain ex|>anded by over-tliou 
condiination of exaggerations -exaggerate*! 1 
ho|x-s, imaginations. And " Iilferno " is bi 
gei-atod into experience. Tho real man st 
Itorg"— a creature of int<'nso egoism, bro< 
thoughts in outer loneliness, warring with a 
himself, until the day of life liecomes tho i 
a mockery, and existi-nce a very hell. A i 
picture, this, of a genius absolutely uncontr 

The pessimism of HjciniHon is somothin 
Strindberg's wild, ungovemod, and narrow 
calculated, and, on the surface, more j 
Strindlierg's world is |ieople<l with demoi 
fools, or rather with those of snudi mii 
capable of appreciating goo<lncs8 or gn 
attituilo is summotl up in Tora I'arsltoi 
" Uh, why nnist it Im< tliat good nii'U are 
Shall we never wh' tlia day wrlu-n they la-ci 
StrindlH-rg's iMwsimism rt-futcs itself, 
iNpuklly false ; at least " Paul Longe and Toi 
prove his case against humanity. Paul Lat 



August 5, 1899.] 



LITERATURE. 



FOUR BOOKS ON SOUTH AFRICA. 

- - -♦• 

An Bnfflliih South-Afrloan'M View of th« Situation. 
Hy Olive Schrelner. h ■ :,iiu., m |.i. 

Hodder Ac Stouffhton. 1 ' 

SkotchoH and StudleH In South Africa. Hy W. J. 
Knox Little, MA. ny - ti|in., :o |>|>. I>>ii<l..ii, i>««i 

UblMter. 10 6 

The Hlatory of our own Ttmea In South Afriua. 
Vol. III.. iKHit-iMM. liv th.' Hon. Alexander Wllinot, 
K.S.O., &c. >*\ :>uii., :«il |i|>. l,<>n<l.>n. isi*t Juta. 

On the South African Frontier. Iiy William Harvejr 
Brown, n^ (tin., xxn. > i:>i |i|i. l.,4>ii(l<>ii. Hm. 

Sampeon Low. 120 

Tlin fi>iir I l>n tliril lin Ix-fMrK nil i>ii;;lit Im toi't'ii tlii'in t» 

K<vn H (uiily ioiii|ili<l» vixw •<! tlin piiocnt S.,Mtli .Nfricin ailint 
tioii. Otui in writtxii l>y n fuin<>ii< iii>\<'li>t, ^uhI ><i>r l>y »m Km^Ii«Ii 
•'lur;;ytimii : oiio hy h ('ii|Mt |Militii iiiii. 'iimI •>■■•> liy mi AiiwiiiMn 
liillittT-iiiitiii'iilint. OlivK S<'lii'i<iiii<r ii|>|>i>itU to uiir mmihi uf 
jlMtiru Mild liiiiiuiir ; Caiioii Kiiox l.ittla kivcii iih Iiid iiii|iri'>uii<>iiii 
u( » r««'(<iit tour throiipli Sontli Adiia: .Mr. \> ilinol nki t< lira 
th* liiitory uf IImi pitHt iltxiiilo ; itml Mr. UroHii ti'llx im wli.il 
hillittliK mill tnivii|liii|; on tlm froiitii'r with lit>i< Ixifnri' lllirxlitinii 
wan urttlnl or tlio MiitalH'ln |Miwi'r liii.illy hioki'ii. 

TImi only iMmk <>f tlii< (onr wliiili Im.s jiny iirclinioiin to 
lituTiiry |iowcr in Oiivo S,lireiiii'r», uhiili. in .ipito nf iiTUiin 
ruthcr Hliivunly ili'fiM'li ulurli lirir wiIiik.ss to tlii> •'xtri'iiic li,ixt<' 
"( itB r(>iii|Miiiili(in, is II |M>wei(iil miil iMriK'it |iii«'« i<( rliotnrir. 
Mlie hitji hero m't liurH«lf to liwv ntli'riiiiro to ■• tliu vnirt. o( 
the Africuii-lM>ru Kii);li<>li»iitii who Iomvs Knijiand, llin nmn who, 
Imrii in South Afrini. unci loviiij» it im hII iiivn, »vho iirt- nmn, love 
their hirth-liini), ix yxt mi KngliNhiii:in, hounit to Kiij^'luml not 
only by titui of bhuNl, Imt tliut inurli inorii intonno |ui!uiion uhiili 
HprinK" from |ierNoiiki I'oMtuct iiloiu'." Shu NpeikN out xtron^ly 
BniJ w.innly for tho.ie Soutli .Afrii-im^ who iiro prniid to coiiiit 
th«mselv<<(t " im Kn;;liHhnir>n hIho, " mid who fi>el timt no disimtir 
I'OnId b«> NO (;r<iiit for th«>in iwi iiiiy itrtion on thr part of this 
roiiiitry which .should i'Oiii|>ol thiun to chooso l<.t»e><ii thi'ir 
loynltv to th«> hoiiixUnd and tlioir tiiw of kindrtxl hihI iitli-otion 
to tlixir fi'llow coloniHtx of Dutch dp.soont. It in intpoH.sihlc to 
reul her vi(;orou8 iiml |>»aiiioiiut« Hppoiil to Knplnntl not to 
foroo thin choio«< u|H>n tlioso who f(«l witli h««r without 
etnotioti - whiitovcr iniiy he our [loliticid prejio<M>s.sionii— anil 
without .soiling thiit tho Tnin.svuiil (|ui>.stion is rcnlly vi>ry nnuh 
more coniplioited thmi inuny of thos<> Kns;liNhnit>n who talk of 
settling it oH'-h md i-.m l* uwaro. \Vo h.ivr to reckon with tlmt 
fiiRlon of nil racii.s ntciidily Roinp forwiinl iimonpBt thu f;''iniiin> 
Bettlera in South Africa, which, a.s Olive .S'hrcinor graphically 
poiiltfi out, is a fur inoip important fact for statcsnipn to conaidor 
thin any grievancos of tho motloy crowd of Oiitl.mdors who 
ni<iko Johannoslmrg " .stink of gold," a.s Canon Kno.\ Little 
vigorously piit.s it. 

Aln-ady (she says), Imt for tho sorrow ful luistakos of the 
hist yoars, tho line of doin ircation wouhl havo fadn-l out of 
sight ; oxternal impmlimonts ni ly teml to dolay it, Imt thoy 
can never prevont this fusion ; we aro one pooplo. In thiity 
yeirs' tinio the daughter of the in. in who landisl ycstonlay in 
South Africa will c.irry at hor hoart the child "f a iu> Villioit, 
Hlid tho son of the ( 'ornish minor wh<> l.iiids this week will h ivo 
given tho naino of his Knglish grandiiiothor to Uxn deughtor, 
whoso mother w.is a Lo Koux. There will l« nothing in forty 
years but the groat hhiidiMl race of .\fiicana. 

Thi.^ glowing |>amphlot dosorvos consideration if only for 
its insistonco on tho fact that any attempt to coorro the 
Transvnal will l>e followod by active or (xissivo iims«'<jiienre» 
in tho way of South .\frio.in di.siinion thi^t Hrealmi>.st incniculablo 



Biinad >4 (■m'plo*. \^ k«ii f'lU try !•• o«frB (laatn, I 
hard M •Icel, •ni-a*'<l III troll, Imi «iih • U'jfs •<«! f 
rvt|»>rian to •ffM'tioii aiid •^iii|«thy ahich, i«(k>|e, ' 
K.>iro|«an folk gi»M Tlioy m*) ra«dr b^ ilmtvttmA ••< 
firter (wire I'ikUt th.- r.»i|«ha<l Btl«-f«<>f <•! th» uj-i 
ll<«r lire • iMtiirr »it<nigmly ■•.ti*>li»c afvl O'tieei-'ue •<( y 
iliKiiity • |'«<>pt« «b-i iwtnT l-itiiil • kiuiliir** eivl ,< 
naaily fi>rK*-l » ar><tli{. 

It nonld l« oetl l( Olita S. hmiwr • (••ta|<l>M, ■ k 
nvidriitly ..'nw (f'm hi-r li^art, aKouhl K" i>r«i rtiooih 
liaMtt of tiia llrtliah tt»uUt C. m>k« luw take IIm t/< 
I'M'kilig at ■•'iti aldni of ■ r»t>u)V romplualnl rioaail"!!, « 
leC'diarly li«T4»..vr« thi« loimtry %•• cinMler ■llh eeni"»*«i 
a di»pa<uiioiiat<i liiilirl 

t'aiioii Knot Liltlx • \'-X It iiat'irall) Uff •■•(•^bri' 
|M>llit« "lit in Ilia lll.^lrat pri-f^rar th «t a«irh I lis | ■"Tt«f»' i 
Work hu for th« ati><U'iit •■{ S>i>ilh Afrmii >|<i«wli'.ua li 
•«<C'ind-hand, aiMl ibia to ila aiilh<.r'a " op|>,rtnnittM ••♦ r 
iiig fn-rly with ni'ii who kie,w " <'aii"ti Knot l.lltli' ipf* 
think that what au' h iiMiii aay ill c.'iit*rtalt'4i it IlkrI 
mori* laliiahlo than « h it th*^y write Mi )tf,«,Va Oila it hai 
loiniiitiii opinion 'nie tohimi- it d>'.|i.at''d <•> |«-ti»iiMion 
|{ho<h">, " a fir ••■•in^ atat.tliiaii ,>nd a fail).f<d fri.fvl, 
is evident that ''nnoii Kimt Littli-'i <ifw* of South Afri 
loi'ii, IMtnrally enoiigh. tak. n lhio'ii;h |{h'«l<a ' nlo<ir>^l •{•^ 
Till' TraiilvaaMioinriiniriit with w h -ar I'rraidrtlt '°*r>"< 
Iiittli' had a not \,-t\ aatiatact-.r > inlnrvi. w it didt l>.-l 
our view as a cunning' and faithleaa tyranny ah>«« fir*t " 
to keep the Kngliah and otlnr Uiitlanrlera aa *' hewer* ■' 
and druweia of water " i^r. rath- r, a» ilijjgrra i>f c'd'l 
exhanstisl treasury, •'.iiioii Kno\ l.ittl" atron^dy di»*«-ti 
Mr. Ihyoe's vi'idiit on I'reaidi-nt Kriiger an I hii (oIirT, i 
il<'\otes a liirtjo portion of his rolnmr to an hiatoriral a.irte; 
<'a|n' Colonv and the Transvaal in tlio | ria^nt rmtury. o 
ho plungi'S furthir into the so.t of jnlitira than «e < 
folloiv him The author wtita-a frankly, brightii 
pii-tiiresipiely of what hi' saw in th" coiiraa- of a j 
throin;li much of S.iuth Africa. Hi» l-ook i» will wortl 
iiig, although his hirtorr and hi« political rirwi ai 
evidently <lr,iwn from rnlln r prejudiced aourcea to bara 
original raliie 

There ix little to Ix' sairf uf the oUior two taK>k* on n 
It is obviously im|H>Mible that a hi'tory of the la«t t<-t> t 
South Africa should lie mom than a compilation of ext'Ttw 
but up to this st.indunl Mr. \Vilmol has ilia| l.tyd rrma: 
juilgnieiit aiel as much im| artiality as an a< ti>e | <diti' 
possibly romnian<l The nnro w«y in wbi- h aiich a 
Selects and conibiios his facts i« ilsflf Smnd to bf the '• 
of hix tray of looking at tlum, ahn h ia thf raiier or tl 
seipience, or In.th, of his I tilitii al prv|waeeetnDa an<l i>v 
Mr. Uilmots book, then, cannot N' a reait hi»t«»ry, but 
jwrt of tho mnt<'rial which the future historian will nae. I 
excellent pieco of work of the kiwi, howevi*. awl o( mm h 
the student who liears this constantly in mind Mr. h 
.iccount of his ailvpiiturot on the frontier will also t«> n 
to the future historian, and is a lively aiKl caixlHl rrs-onl r 
picturesipie year*. The author has wis<>ly 'onfinetl hiw 
;;ieat ninixiiro to what be saw him.s<<lf. an in c«>nae>|<Mi 
|Miges are instructive as well as readable. 



OXFORD IN THE FORTIES 



Outcomea of Old Oxford. Hv the R«v. W. 



118 



LITERATURE. 



[Augi 



iiaprwiua that th« Uu> Mr " CuUilwrt ti«ilo'» " |iii-tur« of Uie 
l'Di*«r»ity li(« ot hit tiiuo ma*, if a little o\ (•ix-olouml, m 
tul«r»liijr truthful iua*. Tti« Oxford of tlio>« " Uut«t>ui«i> " in, in 
fart, tlw Uxfuni of Ote Uter fortio*- •* «oult] «unii-i«litly np|i«Mr 
aritkout (tatati <Ul««, ftviii Um to|>t>-« uf ioiiv«>r««tioii at " «iu<w, " 
«hMv, aa our autltor tell* ui>, " \uur n«xt n«if;lil>our," if lie 
liafifiMMd tu t«loi>; to tlio i-ouiitry H|<iirear>-li,v, wtDiKI lireuk out 
into "a Tiolent anatiiMua a|;aiuat Uiat TillaiiiuUK tunivuat. Sir 
Koi«rt Pwl ' 

l>oMil>lyi too, a aell-drtowaii man u itli a little cnu-ilix 
ItanfiiiK frxxn hia «aU-li-<'liaiti woulil iwiiit out a {mrtiriilar 
l>i«-uit a* quit* tlM ri|;lit tlnni; to <vtt oii tliv evu of St. Jorvniy, 
or liirra't vour attention to i< ili>li of oningv rliiiui liy luuiiiriuf; 
yott that d«Mr Nvaiuan Max p.irt ii'iiliirly foixi of tlii'iii. 

Itut tiio ppriut] ot Mr. Itodfonl'K «(<i(iu iiuyillniit is not liion- 
a>x'urat»ly dplinol )>y a |mkv4«(<c lik* tliii* tlitin hy liiii " fNtrly 
Victorian" litorary stylf, ulammiinj; nt it dock in tlio.M) mipiioHviliy 
hunioroua i-irrtniilo^iitionK ami " m luilarly " iiuux-iinu-ioK to nliicli 
tlH> tliini-rate joiirtialint liax now mi<'<-m<«1<'<I, hut wliirli wiTi' quite 
in tlir nuMt fanliionahli' tiwtt- of that tiiiu'. For it »iu> a tiiiic 
ahin an uiHlfr);nuliiat<' to mIioiii rooiiix liuil jiml Ixi'n alloltol 
" t<-iiant«i an iiKU'jX'ixK'iit itoniii-ili- of liin onn " ; it tiiiif 
aht-n a Wt-xlniinBter l>oy, in»trurtin(; a nv» -•■oiiicr in tlic »ay« of 
tii« dhool, " indot'trinattil liiiii into tliu nuiiKTouH itt-iim of tliu 
txNnpliivtol <'tiqui-ttv utill in vt>)Tui< at that uncii>nt wal of 
luaminj! to whii'h ai' ut-rv I>oiid<1 " ; a time, l.intly, wlicn it uiui 
t-oBsidcTtvI iiuaorthy of an cU-gant «Tit<T to call MliiMkiTx, at any 
ratf, at Uiv M^on<l iiiontion of tlu-ni, anything hut " liiiHute 
appcndkgi-s," an<l alun to foiMil tlic weariuf; of lliciii wa.s 
tWacribtol as " a stuiiptuary lau," although it in nhvioii.s tliat a 
Mislly autuiiiuary law uould, in^tt'ivl of forhiiMin;;, have 
t.-ujoiiHjil till- pr»cticf, in onUr to nvoiil the " miiiiptuft " involvi<<l 
in thu jwjrmeut of Uiu l«rl>er, or the piiriliaso of nhavinf; 
Ucklo. 

Wo aro far, howcrer, from wiHliing these little peculiarities 
svsy ; for tiipy are in truth lunong the iiio.it |M>tent aiilii to the 
author in enablini; us to realise the " fonii and preiuture " of the 
acaileinic a|{o of which hu writui. We all know the wtrauge jKiwer 
of act-nta to rucall a \-auishe<l past, anil to turn the leaves of Mr. 
Htolford's tiook is like o]ienin(; some ancient chl^8t full of old- 
worhl gannenta which has Wt-n kept clo8«'<l ever since their 
»c«rvr'a day. Ttie flowertsl waistcoat and the satin stock of tlio 
period, ita straps, ita pantaloons, its tighl-Nhfye<l, tight-waisted, 
roll-collaml surtout, se«in to rise again liefon- the eye of the 
imagination as the critii-al nostril catihes the faint aroma uf 
Uiat ii\vi\ style. And Mr. I<e<lfonl handles it nothing douhtin;; ; 
that is the cluinn and tliu illusion of Imk IxHik. It is no iiio<1eniiice<l 
v«(«ran painfully attempting to pick up the s|>t-<-cli of his early 
yaars. One fi«ls in erery pa^e that the author of " Outtoiiies 
froai Ohl OxfonI," who mu.<t lia\e taken his de^jrei' well U'foro 
Uts amtnu mirahUu of tlie Cireat Kxhihition, has lieen writing, 
talking, ami thinking in Uie same Ungiiage throughout all the 
intcrrcning years. The " outcomes " which lie has chosen to 
r«oonl strike us as U-ing of too unifoniily untowanl a kind : hut 
that, it appcaTB, is due to the ailviiv of a ivrtain " clever 
boat 11," who olwrvcal tluit Uie men who " have gone to grief 
arv much more int<-n-«ting than tlie suci-essfiil, and " the m-enes 
in trhich tliey liave hgurxit far mon- pi<ttire»<|iie " ; while she 
uv(<rranw his ohj^i-tion to " lian<l down to piihlic stoni the faults 
ami failings of mi-n who liave gone under " hy reminding him 
that " th*^- is no nfo-asity for real nam<-s at all," and that " the 
world ran har<lly bo likely to can- for them, es|M-cially as it do<-s 
not know thfm." The "world," howi'vi-r, is Isith »ery large ami 
vtry small, an<l th<- i>U-ntity of one, at h-ast, of thi*w men who 



FISHERY MANAOEMEI 



A Handy Book of Fishery Manai 
WllIU Bund. 7 X ollu., 27tl pp. Ixnidon. Is 

Lawrenci 

We woidd glatlly givo a welcome to Mr. \ 
volume, if we honestly could, liocaiiae there is a 
ita title implies ; hut, in spito of hi* Ion 
undouhtMl familiarity with his subject, tlie au 
a ilisjipiMiintiii;; IxMik. It is really scarcely 
trt«tisc w'lier<>in salmon and trout am a 
im|toi-tancu over other fresh-water lish, the 
artilicial propagation ait) containoil in discc 
such as the following : 

Aiiilicial brwding is costly ; is it a n< 
can it Ik- diH))uiised with f And how far cii 
jmwer of tho river be relied upon t<i maintii 
under onlinary circuu.stances Y 
Fishery management atiruly means Ksher; 
the extent to which angling ami netting are 
the small rivers of (treat Britain and Ire! 
deterioration unless artifirial moans of re-sto 
to. In.iteiul of telling us how this is to 
makes long complaints alMiut tlie deplorable ip 
Hoanls. which sooms a little unkinil, cons 
chairman of the S<'vern Fishery Hoanl aiK 
volume to his colloaguos, " from whom, for iij 
of a c«*iitury, I have recuivixl tho groatcst 
siilcratioii." Here is his desirijition of those 
unpai<l lal>our of conservators : - 

Our Fishery Hoards consist of far too 
«ny real work, and tho memK-rs apnointwl 
an<l do not cnre to leani. ... If no pla< 
a county r-ouncillor on any committoo h( 
Fishery lioanl. It is the refuge for dc-stitutu 

This may lie the way thu Severn Fisherj 
but from our own knowledge wu can tostif 
is not universal, as Mr. Hund'a words wu 
eipuklly bitter about fishery ins|icctors : — 

lliere is nothing iiiuro delusive as t< 
I)<.>ard of Tnulu returns. ... If any u 
<jpiiiion un uur fisheries from tlie iusjiector* 
bo sure to go wrong. 

Now a careful study of theao ro|)urts, es)>i 
Scottish Fishery Hoard, has convince<l os tl 
an insiiector lias proved himaelf unfit for his 
rujiorta generally are lucid and precise in a de) 
from Mr. Bund's rambling |ivrio<ls, aii<l that c 
especially would Iw in a very much bettoi 
present day if the rucummondatiuns of the i 
carrie<l into effect. Mr. Bund is not only a d 
might lie oondone<t if his matter were valuable 
to make ranilom statements. The effect of 
hanilliook, where precision is indispensab 
the authority of the whole. Thus, when h 
are " a certain numlier of <lisea8u<l kolts i 
river," tho pn-sumplion is that ho refers to 
disease Kiprolrynin frrnj- — liecause he proce 
the capture and burial of these fish, which w( 
unless they were suffering fi-om that disoa 
known that tlio salmon disease is completely a 
our rivers in some seasons, and in other river 
and tho HelmMlale, has never liocn soon at a 
most kolts descend in the first or s<>cond flo 



Auffust f), 1891).] 



IJTKKATUKi:. 



mill inoNl iif liJH own iiliit«m<iiitit ikm iiiiiiii|i|Hitt<«l I'y a •nii^ln aiiaii 
i>( NutiH(jii'l<iiy uvicliiiicii. Mil |ii<iiioiilu •'•> it lin|«>*ailili' that tli<< 
TliiiliKiN hIiiiiiIiI iiviir Imkoiiii' II ixtliiiiMi rivi>r n^'niii, liiil In- i>tfii* 
iiutliid;; tint liin tyiar iUjU ti> iiliiiki< tlm i>|iiiiiiiii t'X|irii>Mi<l )>y ntlixr 
imtiiniliiitii t<> tlio «IT)H-t llmt pruliulily mIiiioii iiiii;lit !•< natiirtid 
li> tliiit riviir, (iroviiliMl tliii »to<k with ■naiiitaiiHtl liy litnirml 
lirtillciitl liittt'liili;;. 

Sid nut thii iit|i><titiiilii<, tlio ilii(niltiili'<l utatnlitoiit*, kihI tlin 
vfmti iiiiiiiiK i-iiin|ilitiiit« u^'uiiuit iMiiiJititilt«<l •iithmltiiia, niul thorn 
will loiimlii It iiuiiiliiilMi lit iiM'fiil knovtliil^n ; Imt a tnwlwi'tthy 
lioiik of IliiliKiy mniiiti^iiiiinnt, uiln|>t<'^l to turinty of Mmti'ni, 
ruiiiuiiin to III! writti'ii. 



OAMBRIDOE P8YCH0L00Y. 

--♦• - 

Naturalism and AgTiostlclam. 'Dh' <iilTiiril l.<'iiiir<*>i 
ili'liviTfii lH-ri>i'i- till' I'niviTiily of AIntiIi'i-ii, |MI»tN. Ily 
Professor James Wartl. Sc.D. ,i voU. ii| ■•I'l.. \Mi. • 
:«R!|i|i., xlil. ■ JM |>ii. l/iniloii. isiK). Black. 18- n. 

Thin in, in many wayH, mi lin|M>rtniit anil niKoiliiaiit lH>.>k 
nifpiifii'illlt IxH'ailiio it liiiirkn tlii< a(lviiliri< of itiyrholocy t<i a rlniin 
to thii liiiitl iiitiir|iri'ttttioii of thin);!!. Of rixi'iit yi'iirx it h>ii Imi>ii 
mainly l>y phyiiriitx ami liiolo^'int.i tlmt mi ntt<'ni|it lini Ix-a-n 
nixlii to ri'iich till' iiltiiiiiiti' n-ality. I'rofivim.r Wiinl Ihti- imliiiiitK 
thtiir ri'HiiltM to n thoroiiKli-Koiiij: rritirimii fmni tlii< Ktaiiii|M>iiit 
of iwycholony. Hi.i book id thiii " iritiral " in thi' tvdintrni 
■vliMi of tlmt wortl, an iim«l by Htiiili'iit.i of |>liilo<iii|iliy. It i* 
thu iiiit<-oiiio of tliii movi'iiit'nt Ih'^'iiii by Kiiiit, tlioii-;li Profi'uor 
Ward himxolf wi'min to bo niori' iliriK-tly n followiT of l.otxo iiml 
of liin iiiiiNtiT Li'ilmi/. Tlu' iimjor pmi. of tlu' IwMik ib'iiN with 
" NiitiirBliim " thi' ntti'nipt to rxplnin thf worlil of MutUT unci 
Lifii mill Miml in ti'inis of MuttiT, Korri', unci Mipti"ii, miil »iili> 
by siiln with thii i» ilisiusMil tln' nlliwl problfni of tlw knownblc- 
niiKd of till' Diviiui Natuif, wliii-h is p'lirrnlly iloniiil by thu 
adlicrontn of NaturnliNiii. Koinii'i 1 y tln'«<' two (nibjvits woiilil 
hnvo Ixniii ili'liiii'd n.i Mnti'iiiilium niiil .\tlirii<ni, but roii- 
trovi'rsialist.i am imlitiT nowadays, and i)orlm|w inoin .lynipiilhfti'-, 
and till' moni iii-utinl ti>ini(i am ndopttil. 

Tliii diMriissioiis wliirli form thi' bulk of tlu'm' two voliuni'* 
am highly abstriisi' and ofti'ii torliniral. Thiy arr, in rvi-ry wiino 
of thu word, a prodm t of ('ambridj;i', and of Caiubrid;;r mukIi'ii of 
thoii);ht. Muili of till- tir^t voliiiiii' roniisti of an I'lalHiratti 
diNi'iiH.sion of till' iimthi'iiiatiral vifw of tlu' nitiinati' ron.Htitiition 
of iiiattiT foniiiilati'<l by Lord Krlvin, and of iti |xiwi'r t" arrouiit 
tor all bi'inp, iiirliidiiiR liifi- and Mind. I'rofi'.inor Ward |iointii 
out till' aliNtract and hypothi'tiral niitiiri' of tho lU'wrr atoniixni, 
with it.H atoms a.n mii.s.i-points, and itn N|)ai-« filli'd with a (mt- 
fi'ct lluid, " inort, iniorapii's.sibli', ini'xU'iiHibli'. invi.-wid, and 
stnu'turi'li'.s.M." From surh ronroptions it i.i iiu|Mi.i)iibli' to drrivi- 
forct' or powi'r of motion. Thi' nrw physirn would iiilino all 
moolianic.M to kiiu'inr.tii-.s, tho niorcly .tymlMilir nii'a.'<uromi*nt of 
oonfimiratioiis of ma.sw.s. In other words, tlio tondi'iioy of all 
phyNical soii'iiiHS, from Nowton to tlii' prusi'iit day, bas l»'<'ii ti 
rwluro tho explanation of tlio phyii-al iinivoriio to pure 
niatbfliiiatirs. It i.s rlinraotori.itic that tiioli a tiiidi'iuy sliould 
have found it.i chief oxpononts at ('ambriil);n, and it is |x-rlin|w 
natural that tho lirst connistriit disriaimor ban al§'> isnuiil from 
tho samo Uiiivoraity. 

Professor Ward ;;oos on to discuss the oven gioater difliiully 
of explaining lifo in tonus of mathomatieal pbysiis. Mere, it 
must bo eonfossod, be will not Iv met with any wrious op|Mi»itioii 
by physieist-s thomsolves. Lonl Kelvin's attempt to intrmlur.' 



ti. .;,..- * 






Miiiirwluii iiiiiMMwMAry rtrnwi iiibxi Iku fa<t U>al Mi >•( 
" Klt»l I'riiM'IpIn* " i» •till i«ni«»l (r-rtti lb. •U/ir-.^jj,. 
of ltu> mm'oinI wlllioii, piibli«K»«l iinafly l"tly ywiajt •, 
imiilta uill (*• b** l««H ilirtM) l«-(..ttJ) ihn dtff«tt>l».«> •««•■ 
Mlwnccf '• i><it»i>ton<:i' "t Koirw alwl ll»' '••'•1 •■ i«il»f»' • 

ol llu. r..ivMirv*tion 1.1 KttBffc'y. Ht. •),..•• tK*t ik alt^tni 
•■ii|ili>in l.itn, Miu<i, Mxl H.a'ifr(y III tctm* g( Mallet aivl 
Mr. .'<|«IH'nf b«lrlM inil "( ht* a<i;i>lm>lit all Ukat r»iiallt<il' 
.Mil»l, or S.«l.tly, fi.r limy all lli»i.l».' • f*! .t»rti,-«H4«r |< 
of oliii'b iim Italili' \aliir»ll«tn ran ^tf tf xTimtil 

TiiililliK I" tlw liioii' |iiir< ly bi'lotJlral (tiU of e*i 
I'roldMOr Waul |MiinU iiiil that «« tiii<l Oil* eix-rgKl' p 
ttorkliiK ill liial " »iilijc«li»o •BJtt lion ' laaUxl aith 
otK»ai»"', «hli b gir** rl*" I" lb«i " ■.rtgin «>< tiin-lv^ o< c 
nwiiU " a happy l^rm U» •■»! tr** lb« Ihib ((■Io.I'VI'-*! Ij 
of tb«' ori;aniam. It inay \m ••.till wliiU to •iu..l«i U* ^l 
examples by wliieh ProfixuHT Waril lllitalraU:* hi* |>'lnl 
Takn tba |i>wi«eiiKtif« i.n a ■■••••b imtia Oit'«»i,'b — 
h»ro in Sii.tUinl , in "iie wiwr lb«' ylon l* IIm> »*tna '. 
all, their eoiMiiioii •'nvirunmonl ("f liw. lim.' '"in. ' 
an aitiat. will •iii;.'l« out •iibjn l* l>> •krti b . *n<>ti>«T. an 
will M« liki'ly I'Ool* f'T bab . tbn Ibitil, a 1,'n.l .{kI, ail 
rai'iiil Ua. bo*, i;'"' '»' •luat'on, -r |<-r>l>cii bb» k*. 
inisi fllUniMiii* b.t "f bir'U III a i;aril<in. \ flj%l-iirt 
o|li«i 1h. intent "II th" ;;t«.»lii, a billlfiU' h on tb" [«.»*«■, ■ 
oil thn w.'riii* iilid Kiiaila. SiatUr a tiiiitiirn o( ar^^i 
over a ilivemihisl pii-. e of >aiintry. Mralb alvl >■• 
apring op in lb" dry. ibi;;* ami rmbr* in lh<' marahy 
violets ami funis in Ibe abaily bollowa, guraa. ajxl h 
the hill-tol'a. 

This IS a f.ivoiir.ibln iXitiiipli' of l'rofrs»..r Wards hf, 
but, tnkoii na a whob', tluso volumes «r<' ib'cidi»lly bar<l i 
and over-lilbil with toehiiii-ul teniiin<>b>gy. 

This eneri;i'tic priiieipb' of th" iiinvirs*-, whirh 
explaine<l by me<-hanieal NAtur.ilism. nor by lh»' ordiiiA 
of evolution, is then, it is sufjyesU-d, somo (ortii of I.if.' . 
Itiit Prob'ssor WanI baa to mi-, t lh<' ■tumblinc-bloi 
alle^iil ikirnllelism of Mtiid and .Matter, which will not 
aiiv iiiter-actioii laitwwii the l»o. Mere ho ionUtlt* 
v»itb showinj; tlmt on thi' i-»>naiMo\u atitomat'ti lh«-<'ry of 
thiTO is no aetivity in eitbor M<ries. At this |<>iiit it is dil 
gather what lu' rvcuril* as the trna- iiatiirv "i tlio intc 
U'tWis'ii lioily mid Mind, so that just wImtk ■• aaiit tcuid 
are left soiiiowhat in the dark. Me is tathi r con.«ni"l 
that there ran U' no dualism UtMion M.itlar and Mirxi, 
wo ex|>ericiu-o is the contrast U'tiri^n ob;c>t and subji-ci 
we approach the probb ni of opistcmolo^'y, aa re-fi.mml 
Kant the exitmiiiation of the ri'al mianin^ <>( axiirrien 
IVofessor Ward hinUi at, rathir than works out, « nc» 
view from the advanco of nealnni jiayrholojy. Tlie . 
Mind, acronlin^ to him, is not C(>t;iiition, but " i^utati' 
is a priH-oss of williiij;. movi<d by detiri' aixl avrraion, n- 
mnro knowin;;, whieh is mon'ly a in<-«ns to tliat riMl 
af;ain, it is what Prof'-swr Wanl cmll* " »ubj<«cti»p a«>Ii 
wbirh is the motive |>ower in |«ychoIi»jCi , aa in biolocy 
with n-pinl to the coneiption of S[Mn' ami Time, Profea* 
ptideavoiirs to show that then* an- aitnally " caiatitr. " i 
involvnl. 

So, tmi, when we cmie to the rofitrast la>t«<^n in 
and universal ex|i(iriono', he ar^^tlea for Uh- exixtslice "f a 
element in Miml, ronatitiitin;; true or rational exianmi 
int<-r-artion of men's miiMis u]<on one another (;ne« rii 
comt'ption of a mwlity indefmnd ml of e«cb imlividiu 
Mon-iviT, from individual eX|»riPiu-«> la drriv.^1 tb<' rat 
i-au.sjdity. which include* ttiat of sul'ctanlialily. Thi 

!.«....,..» *t...» ..^ •...«.. ... ....V ...w.M .„^^U ..BU^m- mw^.i n..». 



120 



LITERATURE. 



fAujruj 



Natur«> Nattirp fall* l«ck iiiU> an in«rt fnUliittic im-chaniMii ; 
it arU, imK-^t, but w<< gx>i ii» «x|>Uiuition of its nrti«i), ami no 
rx|<lauati»ti nf Uw |tt«<»i>(>' of imliviiliial miitiiit cxmM-ious of it. 
At •vt-ry ■tai;«> of h»» arjctinwiit l'rofe«»»«>r WartI iiisinta u|»>n tho 
ami of rxpUininj: MiikI, aimI f.ir thii. rMkaon lii» |»syi-lu>l<»Kical 
kDo«t«>lK« gitea biiii a throat aihuntacp ill <liM-iiKaiiig tlui highly 
atwtrow lo]>io* to «hich thoMi Icctunw arv (l«vot<Ml. 

\Vr liavr i.tily U-i'D al'lf to ii><lit-at« roujilily I'rofoMor Wanl'a 
■tain arjcunwiiln. (•<-ut-rally (iiKakiiig, it may Ih> <Iotilit<«l whothtT, 
in tl.nymg tlio aiitinomi*a of n*turnli»tic »ci<'nc«, ho ha« 
alt<f,Mh«r ov><nt>nio them ; ahothcr, in inniiitin^ upon Uu* 
cooativo antl acliva «t<l« ol Miixl, he iuu hIIowmI for the rractivo 
ailW of Naturv. Hut, under any circunrntancea, his work will 
r%rtaibly occupy a high placi< in KuKlioh ii|i(«uUtion. 



OTHER MEW BOOKS. 



A Hii»n>it\ or Kmx t\>i.LE«iK, l>y Sir H. ('. Maxwt-ll Lyt<' 
(Macniillan, 'JIa. n.). ia the thini odition of a lKX>k which 
thorouthly (len'n-)* the atraily Bnc^-M which it ha« enjoyt-d, and 
will |K»l«My |«iiiu< through many moro alitionii l«fon> it in 
•ui^-rac^Uxl. Kncyrl<>|>n-dir in it« jTi>vi«ion »f infonnation. it i». 
at tlie aami' tiim-, n-athihli* from iMvor to coTor, anil in cnipliati- 
calty a work without which the lihrnry of no Ktoniau can Ih> con- 
«i<l<>ml compli't«. The account of th>> rriiinif of John Kcato in 
|iarticular rtrikc* ii» a« no U-»» coniploto than ontortainin;; ; tho 
atock nnocdott'* alout that st<-m diaciplinarian Wing sapplo- 
mentnl from many aourroa to which other hiBtoriana havo not 
liad acofaa. It includca, in a foot-note, an niiMiloU' showing how 
Mr. Olatlatoiie. by mt-ana of casuistry. oecajH'*! a flogging. Tho 
atory wraa told, in thi> lirat t^lition. of an anonymous prifiK>»t<«r : 
but tho groat Lilwral h-ailt-r, hnviug n«id it, wrote to tho 
author, fitting on tiic cup. This is only one instjiiico among many 
of thv wa\-* in which tlio later editions havo improved upon 
the earlier one*. For the first edition the author hiul, hy por- 
miaaion of tlie Provost, examine*! nil the manuscripts in the Kton 
Library and Muniment KcMtm, as well aa otlier nmnuscripta in the 
liritiah Miiaetim, the Record Office, the lioilleiun, and the collcc- 
tiona of aeveral private individuals, and Dx'viveil assistance from 
many eminent Ktoniana, such as Lord Coleridge, and the then 
Itiahop of Lincoln. That woa in 1875. For the H«ic<>n>l edition, 
publishol in 1889, he was ennhle^l to draw u[>on tho private cor- 
rea|>oiKlence of I>r. Koati;, niid a diary kept by a momU'r of 
K«t4-'s family iliiring hia headmuat^'rahip; and he was assiKtotl with 
rcminiacem-cs and a<lvice by Mr. GIndatono, LonI Ciirzon of 
Kedlcatone, Sir R. K. Welby, and others. For tho thirtl etlitioii 
be has been enabled tocoDaiilt " a version of tlic .Vi';/<r KioiiCHKrn 
belonging to Sir R. Payne Gallwey, a aeries of letters from 
Miciuu-I Hick»-IJ«-ach belonging to his niec<', Mrs. Portal, nml a 
lat«r sories of letti-rs from tho Hon. Robert Marsham." lliis has 
rtsaulteal ill the addition of sixty ]>ages to the firat twenty-one 
chapter*, ami the expansion of tho chapt^^r on " Kton Moiitom " 
from twenty-<'ne to fifty -one |>ageR. A chronicle thus aediiloiisly 
kfiit up to date stamls in no imine<lifttu danger of becoming 
ot>»ol<-ie. 

Tb4' rp»i»Ml nlition of Mr. Pen-y Fitzgf-nild'a Likk of David 
tiAKai) K. " lYintainiiig ailditional im|Kirtant matter " (Himpkin, 
Marahall, Cm. ), is very wel<-oioe. To say of a biography 
of the great act<ir that it ia the lieat that I'xiata ia not saying 
mnch, for until the apiwarnno- some thirty years ago of the firat 
nlitioa of .Mr. Fitr.gcrald'a VxKik we luul to •le|ien<l for all reconi 
<il f;«rrick's life on abort aiwl ino<implcte, and in »'im<' c-iia<-s 
fti,it<*fiil. nu'iiioim. the bif>t nitft fairent of whirh. tlifli. i-irefivod In* 



ita claim* aa nn authority it may aafely lie regai 
worti likely to be said, or to lie left worth sayin; 

Thk Rumanck or Wild KuiWBEa : A C< 
liritiali Flora, by KdwanI Stop, F.US. (Wai 
firat Volume of " Tho Library of Natural HiaU 
aorioa furilier deacrilMnl by tho publishera aa a " 
lovers of nature." If tlio otltor voliimt<a of thoa 
Uie first one this " now library " will merit eit 
doacriptiona. Since tho principle of evolution v 
by acionco biology in all its branches has be< 
kingilom of romance. Mr. Stt'p has alivady, in li 
provinl hiiiuielf to Iw a succttaaful popular oX|M}|i 
knowledge ; and his now work cannot fail to inc 
tioii in this iirovinoe. Instead of tho artificial 
tho ]>opular liotaniat of a few- decades ago, ho 
study of the liv<« of tlie plants, their r 
other, and of the mutual d«|)endenoe of pli 
Moroo\x<r, a diligent examination of our wil< 
diffen-nt homes has enablotl him hon< and tin 
of hia own, even in a deiiartment which, since h 
lieen crowdod with olts<<rTors. A hajipy kiiaok ol 
consiilerably tu thu elfect of his rtvsearclu*. 
plates from photographs taken by the author 
thoy wore growing arc. as a whole, singularly 
aiH-ond o<lition one or two of those plates might 
new ones. Tho picture of wood anomonoa i 
lictter hatl a group of tlios*.* flowers Ixten sole 
with grass and other plants. The smaller illi 
text — which are also original— refle<t groat 
author's daughter, to whom we are indebted for 
Carroraa' hcad-pioces to tho chapters are lil 
conceived. 

TtiK AuB or DuAKR (Black, Is.), edited by 
collection of short pieces dealing with the sen d 
licthan ago. The prose is taken almost entire 
but thoro is moilorn verso by Mr. Austin 
KowUilt, who lunds " Drake's Dream." Bo^ 
lKK>k interesting. 

COUNTY HISTORIBS. 

A HiRTORV OK OxfoHiisHiKK. by .1. Moa<lo 
County Histories) (Stock, 78. 6d.). Mr. Meadi 
we mistake not, has shown remarkable talei 
romance, besides editing " Murray's Handbook 
writes a very interesting history aa one who knc 
ami has tho littTarj- akill to toll it well. Tho 
task has been much iiicr^'ascil by the fact thi 
necessary to write the history of the University 
city and county ; but ho has certainly overco 
For tho t'niversity and city he wisely follows ^ 
Mr. Rashdall, Mr. Macray, and Mr. Ooorgo I 
has clearly read them with intelligeiico, and not ' 
With the old writers ho is thoroughly I 
often very happily garnishes hia tale by i 
from Plot. IJut he not only knowa t 
ho knows- and how immensoly this a^lda tc 
county history the places. The most remot 
c«ca|MMl him. Ho knows tho Rollright Stones a 
aaid of them, though he forgota Aubrey's rofci 
good Word for Ureat Tow, and destroys the ill 
historiana have created, that there ia nothing 
And hia knowle<1go is quite fresh ; ho knows, f 
Inst vonr. bullet iiinrka worn diacovoreil uliicl 



August 5, 18'J«).] 



JJTKRATLHE. 



Kurforil, ill tint llrilmli Miiihiiiiii, llatl-ian MS , mWi 11.- ni/litly 
iliiMTJliKn llin " Kili|{ of I'm tll^ul* >l.iii;;liti'r," liiit wlkit liaa lia 
U< Nay to tint " lli;,'li liiiriiiaii ^'iiiitliiiiiiii " •>( Dm iimiiiiiiHiil *t 
Shill'oril f A* to WihmIkI.n k, III' i< iKit aitaix >>f wliat Mr .1 II 
Itoiiiiil linn wriltiiii ill liix " Kxiiilitl KiiKlnml " •■n lli>< •iiiaml 
lHit»i«'ii lloiiry mill ll<'< krt. .iiul Im •!• ak> •nmnnli.it »tri>ii(,'ii|y 
• >f William Kit/Sti<|iliiiii im " .Str|iliniiiili'* " 'I'lm ••iiiiMfii* arn 
fiiw : |u<rliu|iM till' iiioiit riirioiii) are tliot tlmrn i» no nuiilioii ••( 
tliH loii)( l'i<i<ru^<' xiiit of tliK Kaili ol Itunltiiry "t ol tlin liiat<>r>, 
with ut li'iiKt oiii. tliiilliiii.'; talx ill It, ••i tlix KimuIk* of Hlii|.loii. 
Aiiion^' |i<>iiit« of ii|>'riul iiittiriiit ill till' lui^ik !• tlui frM<|ii>iiit ux' 
whirli Mr h'lilkiinr iiiiikxa of tlii< aM't>il«ftiiri< of tlin loimty to 
illiii>trat« It* hintory. Iln i* I'loarly a i-Iom- ntuil) ut of hi«t< ri> 
ImililiiiK ; ami wn HJih lio liwl ((ivi'ii an i>i>iiii<>n on on» of iIh' 
Vi'Xiol <|iiii»tloni) of < )iifoii|«|iirii aiitii|iiarii<ii, tlic tUtn of tli" 
l.«iitlinll |iri«'iit<' • liniN'l at lliirfonl irlii> li itn roiixM-r.ttor ili" 
iH'rllMNl an " nil nlK^'iint piixn." 

Artiiul iiiiiitaki'a M>«iii to Imi vory few. Imlimtl, in tli« »liol» 
ttiri>« liiiiHlriol anil tMimty vnry iloPMtly printiKl |itt|;>'« mi> lutvn 
only imtinl tlii< following, uliiili »■• f;ivu for tlii' nako of u wm oml 
wlition uliirli W(i lio|m inay «|>iH«llly li« I itllixl for. ('Iiii<f llitioii 
Tunniilil iitivor ov»ni"l, wii iH'lii'vn, any proporty iit (In-nt T'w 
Laiiil will) novnr ltiNlio|i of Oxforil, ii« Mr KitlkiuT iiii|>lii<H 
Tilt) ri<<'«i|>t<« for tli« two atittlii'H of ('Imrlnii I. uikI lii'iinutta 
Mari* at Rt. Jolin'a Collofje, atill |irtiMirv<'<l in tlio Kixonl 
OIIK'K, priivii that thi'y were tlin work •>( lliil«rl l.<i Snnir, iii>t 
uf Kunulli, aa Mr. Kiilkiior ntnti'ii. In a fntnr« iHlition thi> ii-M'fiil- 
iiKHii of thin iiioKt nxcolliint IwHik Woiihl Im iiiinh iixri'ii.iiMl hy tlm 
nihlition of a iiin|i. 

A MisToitv OK TiiK Sii.Tnsii ItoiinrK ('•nvTiKH (Itoxlmruli, 
Solkirk, anil l'i»olilo.s), liy Sir (iiiorRii l>oii;;lnN. Hart (ItUrkuood, 
Th. M. n.), is prolialily (hotnoMt I'laUirato ami riTtninly th« niiiiKat 
Iniok which Iiiin i>\<ir hocli wrillmi iiliuut tlm HoiiliT an a wliolo, 
iiiitwitliKtiindin;; timt tin- author aiiyn that " no Ion;; an Sir WhIIim 
Scott'a ■ Min.strc'I.Hy of thi' Sc<>tti»h Itordcr,' with it* rirh 
iiqiiipment of notea anil iiitriMluction, In within tlio rrarli of «>vory 
one, a ni'W hook of thi' kind can Honnely Iw ooii<iid<<riHl iifH-<'«iiarv ; 
whilal those who s(K>k for a critical uliidy of tlin lloplvr tiiilla.li» 
will find it ready to their hiind in the nccond volume of tho ' llintory 
and Pootiy of till" Scottish lloriler." " Sir (ipor;,-e iLmutii" has 
contented hinisolf with ondeavourin;; to hriiic the history of the 
liordor coiintieN into line w ith rncnnt antii|uariiin reaoarch. In 
Ro doiii); he haa not iK'rii|ilo<l, he aays, to " explixUt even long 
chorishud error." It is unfortunat<- that Cftrtain very pretty old 
stories dhoiild coiiio under this cati'^ury. Such i« tho le;^'i'Md of 
tho contract of iimiTiajje lH>tween " Aidd Wiit of ilurdeii " — 
tho anwstor of Sir Walter S<>ott and the dnuphU-r of S-ott of 
DrvhoiH". known as " The Klowor of Yiirrow,' in virtue of which 
l>ryho[io hound himself to tiiid Maiden in horse meat anil man'ii 
moat at his tower for a ytxir and a ihiy, whil.st Harden ii;;r<<i>d to 
pivo l)ryhi>|H' " the profits of the first Michaelniaa moon." Hut, 
" unfortunately for the credit of these picturesipie tictions. tho 
orijiinal apreoment is progerviil in the charter room of Mertouii, 
the seat of OhI Wnt'a descendant, the present llaron I'olwarth, 
and, having heun exaniineil, proves to Ih) of a matt<<r-of-faot and 
commonplace character, quite innocent of romantic supijestion."' 
t)n the other hand. Sir Oeorjje l>ou;;lB.s'rose irches do not ili."<pro\e 
other eiiiially romantic stories, sui'>h as the rescue of Kinmont Willie 
from Carlisle Castle hv tho " Uild Hnccleuch " ami his nudnrious 
allies. Sir Oeorpe l)on;;Ia.s has. indooil. devottnl him.self chiellv 
to tho work of extricating tho truth of Itonler history from the 
mass of romantic le^'ond in which it is iMiibodihil, aixl in this 
work of explanation ho has attiiineil a very notable sucivss. 
In addition, ho has had, of course, to narrate certain stories 



iiif'rnuitKui ithicli !■*• I^cii ii."«t <;«<tD(iiil> tdual *t>l ■ 
Tlit> only fa'dt I.. I* fouixt aith thi* \-.n >"■ "t l 
lla bri:tily Ttot* lin ^'trt ttiti^ t)t<|iilsttci j;lititj4»^« »>t t 

nlio t>illtf llKltnl tft llf>f<lar lllo >>lm ••( IL* u»a*« ; 

rifiiiuiiila, aiHl Itatti iiu<la tho fortuiw ••( itv^* Uwn • 
liottdlvt Hut tli«> pV'tora iio^hl h«i» i^rwu IruwU- n.<ir«: 
Tlm •ii|«tr«tillotM of itm |l<irdc- •)». <l<-«rT>r.| a : 
atliiltttoii, r«j«i«-idlt) «lit-ri H|r (*<-«>#,;» > At, ' i 

•'t|a ro'iM-1' t«ll ••u-li • rtirlon* atoiy «• (hi* 

1)l« f'dloain,; ilw ld«rtl( K •• liirTttral t>> Itx* mtX 

hv tlm ^m^tm}t^ ptimw^vl tii it. A <«*« l«7lor>;;ii»i; I" ho^ 
(roiii • •<iifiot, aiul 1't Monral d*r* r<edf| awt ihi'.! 
iiiortiiiii; an olil {•uiidrfnan bImi m xm hi* >>«i,.'hl'<>' 
liiiri I '•iihdniitlitlly that in l>>« iia-sk-'r • Iali<r4 " i 
iiMiknl oO llu< l«>v>t." II- 111- li \t a-mlral (<• pt.— r 
riioi.rv Til" fmiwf ••• lo -.■ t.i .» tM ■^diU.-.riii^ 

Whern the toWaii Iran Hour lalxal , I-TIIIK Uwfc • Sf*!^' 
It alMltn llm li^rn iloair. Tli^ll hr «a« t#, lav ai*''! '-f. 
l«K-k, laf.,-lllllilli,' <>l th'' tail srxl r->fi|il><iir,,' t>i tl-o 
horns Mt (rirnd. who »»m »\-- my laii«rit. lao,),.. 

■ lirintlolia, and th»l % i-ry lll,-hl. a* It lnj.ta'fj*.! 

riK'o\en«l, •" llial. tut Im a!>««a Uin(hin,-1» isid in ■ 

the Stor\. •• if I )ia,l f.,l|,.«,al llm |.rr*rri|<«loCi I th 

Ixwn O'liierti^*!. 
.\ full liihlio(;niph\ and • nndleiil iiui|<a a<ld (jriwilJy I.. 

of the Volllllie. 

GUIDE BOOKS. 

A new Swiaa l'IIiiIk l<«>k wna nraxlatl. if only t 
alaiiit the new Hot)'! W<'iaanii>«. •<> handy for th« aa. i 
mountain of that nanio. and the ihw inn at Al>na.< 1 
new railway up to the tiornir firmt. aixl tlm toty »• 
hoati'Iry theroilC I. an-l A i'>. H '.'. liin. h 4, l> .' 
Haeih'ker siippliis the want l>y iaauin/ an ci^dito'iiitii ■ 
his S« IT/Kltl IM> ( l>llUll. ft ). 

Mr. Murray piil.li»hea now <slition< of Mr WIimi.j. 
toXKHMirr iind Cii\Uom\ (:u ■■a.hi Withmuhv' 
is >;i»en away a liallot i onUiniiit; th« |>urtrait ami hit);;: 
vetersin ^'uido that of .lean l*a\o| la |urtl uUr!« ii. 
The old iiinn is older thin Tennvaon, 'T Ihkmin, -r < 
Would lie if they were nlive. and haa ortnl aa ;fuidn t-> " 
Toppfor, I'rin' e Kut'Oni- of Savoy, IVin.e I'olifruw . 
|{ji'.'UH«, |><iMi Pi-<lro, and otheia line »f hia toim.-n 
Tyndall's (lorter on the o<.itaion of ,» Mont Hlan »a>i'ti 
The /oriiiatt npreaa'titatue la J..haiin Zum T.«n^»»l'l. 
concornial in the lirat aa, enta of Monte lloa«. the lioni 
Taseli-honi. 

Haeileker's K»aTr.«\ .\ir« M>ulau, 10a )app. .-»:-. i 
o<lition. It is Very practii-al, as llmleker's cui.le l . » 
are, but |air.<imonioiis in its |>r<Ti»ion of ..lli.f kinda . ( 
tion. I.onj^er sections on the intereatine i-Arly hiat' ■ 
Ortler and <;rosji (ihn'kimr Would rartainly U> apjirit i tt< 
.\ luiU'h of illiistrate<l ijiiide boika coinfMi from Missi 
I.ix'k (iiiidea to .Sw iT/r«t i%i>. LivRKMaiL, K*ai 
WllITIlV. r.l.AM>HIMMi|< Wr.l.l.a. aiwl I^i«l«>\ (|« PUT 

general rharactoristics of the aa'rW aro will knnan 
more effective in ilealin;; with Hritiah than aith f-->r» ijji 
In the caso of Swir/r.Ki.vM., a g'-^l ilral «f aju... ia a 
rem. irks al>out »e»-»icknojs, ni>l the acc>iunt of I.' 
inide<iuate. 

In M<>ssr«. Ishister's Cath<i>lrat Sa'riea. C»non T T«-i 
Shon> writes iult><piately and a^repably of Wor, tatcal't 
(la n ) Anion;: otlu-r thinja. )». drssa our atleiitii>n t 
intere^tinc diik-Mian reaonl the I<iimI l.fora- ni*rTi»ri' 
into hy Kiilk Suiuhdls and John |{\i haltl'on for thai i 
li.en.-)' of •• William Shi»i;a|,.re aii<r.Anne ilathwrr. .( «< 
2S Nov .•."!"» Klix." The illustrations are s.lmiral'lT dnn 



11^2 



LITERATURE. 



[Augii 



THE TRYST OF QUEEN HYNDE. 



V^Mvo Hto«I« «»« in th« r<>v>ii-»<Mid with ki-arUt fruit >flaiiie, 
Htv tturv w%» as ttw l4>rri><« vrrp,>i(tt< ■uii-h<it wave <•( i>liaiiii-. 

Willi h-ytltc* of Art- tiir Au^-iurt ■iiii iii<>a-»il ilo«ii v-tit wMatliuit i>f 

•liaiU- ; 
Willi I'Uxini; pyni iIh- «r»itiii(( Vu****" "taiftl oil iM*r utawl-lihio 

I.Im1c 

•• WK«t. tliirttj- hcniihl," bIk' n>wtt«>n>»l l.'w, " willi thirst you 

fl«»h ami gh'ain ; 
iliti*. l>i<lo a axr, my la>iii>io hotim), I'll kliow yr lumn a «tr«<ani ! " 

Til* •iin lixl t<i«j*il against tho west hi« )>rokon m ythoi nf lire 
U Ih-ii l.>>rtl (lillikivlora lioanl )>i-fi>r<' hi* (fnofu ami S«'(>ct Iktairo. 

Sbr <)iil n>>t civo him luiiiK- <ir kiai : hi>r ham) she ili>l not give : 
" Hilt art" y<>o>iii<> ftifcleath," ulioiiaii), " or nn> _>t» lomc to liv<'?" 

(tillamlvr* n-inMl ami lookw) nt her: " Hytule, Quooii ami Lcvo." 

h<> aaM. 
" 1 WKoeil in lo»-e. I i-ome in lovo, t<> tlii« tho try«t wo mK<1e : 

Why are your i-yo* »o fifri-«' and wilil : why iayour faro so white ; 
I love you with all my lovp." ho naiil, " hy ilay am) l>y ninht." 

" What o' llie w.«t1 t)iat'« lonu" to me, of how my lonl'* to wr<l 
Th«« lilywhitp maiil o' one that has a polil crown on hiw hea<l ' 

What n' Xhf won! tliat yontemipht yo wantnno<1 with my nnmi>. 
Ami on ■ wimly acorn lot looa<> tho Mown loaf o' niy ahnme? " 

The Ix>nl Gillamlon IooVcmI at hor, ami novor n wonl »ni<l ho. 
Rut (iiranc from otT hia \<'\p Maok hor«<- and Hank n|ion hin knc>«. 

" Thi* it my love," naid white Quron Hymlc, " and thia, and 

thi«. and UiiK " 
Koiir titnea xbe Rtalilml him to tho heart while ahe hia liiia did 

kias. 

SIm> li-ft him in tho darkling; wood : und aa »ht> nxlo she sanf; 
(Tlie liltio note* awirlttl in and out aini<l the horso-hoof ilang) : 

M>l lorr v<tM nrrri, »m» nrrri, irat ttrrri, hut not .xi mrrrt nt iiof : 
A firrp lim^ tlffji m;/ «ir«f lorf Afl» Itrnrath thr roiran-houi/h . 

Tboy lot hor in, thov lifto<l nwordx, hii hea<) ox-h one did baro ; 
Slowly »h<' bowe«l, slowly »ho |>aiise<1, slowly she clonih the stair. 

H<-r littlo eon she lifted u|i. ami whisiiered 'neath his crioa : — 
"The old Kin^'sMin, they say; mayhap; ho has fiillander's eyes." 

FIONA MACLKOn. 



— ♦ — 

OLD JOIHNAI.'^ OF TKAVEL. 

Turning over tho luiiilvr of the Hooonil-lmnd hooksellpr, 
yoa «re almost euro to finri soriie volume writton in paler 
and tlarker inkt» — a jnumnl of travfl — with dangling flap 
or broki»n thong, having n c-lieap vpllnm or mo<'k-v<'lliim 
cover, ita la*t l>«g«-» (icrihblcil with calculationK of money 
and ill-«|i#»lt foreign nddrefwes. Do not fling it wiide; with 
thi* you may for a inodef-t loin begtiile nn idle hour; you 



an exhausting enthusiasm ; you may on 
visit a (imnd Duke or 8<)uat near a t 
without the alarinM of violnttil fon'ign et 
almost certain to return to your native laii 
of sentiment is n mo<lern fungus — proud t 
greener fiehts, cleaner inns, wider streetj<, i 
than those of any country in the world. 

^'ou make aojuaintance in these 
fragments with many pleasing confessioi 
Here is the traveller whose ndmirations 
overflowing, and hen* the tmveller whose 
l>e displeased with all things — he who is 
comjiarisons ; hen* are the ra|)tures of 
landscajx's, and the more Hlow-burning 
satisfaction in ntlmirable dishes and nov< 
the cons<-ientious tourist wlio sets down st: 
jviintings, and traces erroneous plans ol 
here the undutiful tourist who scamps 
weary evening, omitii a day with hardl; 
a|)ology to himself, dismisses with a won! 
found in the guide-book, yet of a sudden <. 
what interests no one save himself; here i 
who resents im]K>sitions and bitterly re 
and the amiable cynic, not always with 
who smiles at the j)etty jM'culations of 
only confirmed in his o]nnion that human 
where the same. 

Too often the tmveller omits to ir 
inside the cover. He remains for the 
memlier of that company i)resided over b^ 
Man in the Iron Mask. Perhaps he enco 
in Florence, and you think you have got 
friend proves to be Mr. Thomson or Mr. Ji 
and the clue is one which only Sherlo< 
follow with success. The diarist started 
he returns to his ball-door, one of the tr 
ghosts. Occasionally we have the luck 
anonymous, to demand his jiassport, ai 
discover that he is not altogether an insig 
Here, for instance, is the journal of a 
wrote the first page of the dumpy, yelk 
Hanover on JSeptembi'r 11, 179.'). Hav 
less<ms in fencing, his lessons in (le 
exjterience of smoking tol)acco, we disc 
that he is the eldest son of .lames Bof 
biographer — ."^ir Alexander, lover of letters 
])oet. The marsiial of the court at Dessau a 
he is any relation of Mr. Boswell, who 
History of Corsica, a question promptly ar 
ujKin, though he is unprovided with letters 
the Prince receives him and tlie heredi 
affable. "A servant," he writes, "announ 
of the c-hamberlains, or jmges, or what you 



Au;,'UKt 5, 189'J.] 



LITKHATl'KF^ 



th«* Itwiy wiio liiul till* Mtiiii- iiiiiiiImt Ifniiiii;; on hin 
nriii." It in iilfiiMiinl to ri-iul wlmt tin- yimun clinriat 
wrib'H nt tlif cliwc (»f tliii lH>.i>inii f|iiiuH|i< ; '• Tliii« iKt***"*! 
my tiiiii- III nr.i^aii, wlinr fMTytliiii;^ witt ),'il(liMl uilli n 
roiiiuiitif KUtisliiiif. I unx iii>w lit ttif t'otiit ttlii-rr> my 
futlicr wiiH lietwixt tliirty niid forty y«"ur» n;;o, nmi of 
wliirli I liail lifiinl M> miii'li uhi'ii Mittiii^; on lii* kiii-fx, 
niul liNti-llillL; to tin* xtoriivt wliirli li«« told of Ihr- old 
l'riii<'«-.H iiiid tlifir lioMpituiilr Aplfiidoiir." 

1 think it muxt liu\«< Ix-fii in ITtili, in tlit* Intc "prin^' 
or fiirly xiimmiT, tlint till' l{r\. Mr. (inrlnnd «-ro»>iir<l tlir 
Cliniiii)*!, and nrrivt'd at Kavrv ili- < irncf. On lii> ri'liirii 
from liin wiuid«Tin^N to Kn;{lniid lii< ••mpioyiMl Mr. In-land 
— |MTlia|iN fallicr of tin* Siiiiki'K|>«-arinn for;;<T — to have 
tin* minutes of \\in tntNt'ls i-opii-d, whit'li «-o|iy wiut duly 
mndc in n cU'rkly Imnd, nnd M'lit with .Mr. In-innd'a 
" b<>Ht r»*!<|)««<tti to liim.<*)-lf, father, ninl ni-'ti-r, not forj;fltinj» 
Mn*. .Millard *' (who, I fi'nr, is now forgotten), ami •• witih- 
in>» tlieru ev»>ry frlifity." In tlu< .M.S. volume luiit Ion;,' 
Inin the brond folio nirlf of •• Von, restaurateur uu ralai.— 
Koynl," showing what |H)ta;;es, what hors-d'-<ruvres, what 
entn-es, what |>oisson.s, what entremets, deswrt, nnd wines 
were otTeretl to the choice of the Kev. Mr. (Jarlnndona 
cert<iin day more thiiii n century since. rerha|is the 
traveller was the Mr. (larland who is mentione<l more than 
once in the corres]H)ndence of a more illustrious traveller, 
whose sentimental journey at this exact date was drawing; 
towards its dose. 

On the day after the arrival at Havre its commandant, 
accorilin;; to custom, demanded an account of each |M'rson, 
his object in tnivel, his destination, and tin<lini; that .Mr. 
Garland's 1-'rench servant had once been in the navv and 
had (juitted l''rance without i)erinissi<)n, he marched the 
luckless domestic — '"such was the tyninny of this proud 
commandant "— off to prison. The siijht which interested 
the Knsjlish travellers most at Havre was the Ixunb that 
had fallen, at the time of I\o<lney's Immliardment (17.19), 
through the roof of the parish I'hurch, alm(»t touching 
the N'irgin's imaij(> : '• Tiiey say she put out her hand, cut 
ot^"the fusee, and it fell gently to the ground and never 
bursted." 

.As they advanced by carriage to Houen the ohe«'rful 
asjiect of the country pleaseil the traveller ; but tln're were 
certain disturbing incidents. Once, all of a sudden, .Mr. 
Ciarliind •• wius saluted with a very (iisagre<'able .smell " ; 
looking around to discover the cau.se, he was slux-ked to 
perceive four ])oor wretches banging on a gallows ; one of 
them, condemned for a theft of fourteen shdlings, ** h;ul 
hanged but a very short time, and the jn-ople had strip|XHl 
him on the gallows ; the othei> were entirely naketl, and 
almost consumed." A later |>assiige of the journal tells of 
a yet more gruesome sight in the neigh liourluxHi of 
Toulouse — " a place walleil round, seventy-two yanls 



Tlie lixlrl Kinnl ml ICrnifU Wl yiuil t<nl«, 
rtMidi-ritl almuat iutolrtahln by tht< |<rrM-iK'«- u( 
bili'kii rli^^agetl in till* tilie Aft of M|UAlid<-rili({ titi-ii 
llr^riii;,' loifl nwturin;; in hia riatiw t<>iii{iir, Mr. 
liMiketl out, an<l " tx-hrtd ■ bui'k dnuii); t«o 

hiirx*^ HI an Kngllah phnrton, wlmh in- rould tfA. 

ti> bin likin;;, uiif mnki- n I' rriu h doitir^iu' utf 
him; thii fnrugnt hiiii iiiuch." I Mi r<-ai-hiii(; *>!. <i 
the touriata \Mit»l tli- Kli;;liah Win;;'* |ala<<-, an 
building mill h negln'ii-d, and n<i« h-t iut l•m\^^\ll^^- 

ill i>ne imit Mime uf Klllj^ Jainra' ilf-*<r|i>Uut' 
fi'llinlc arx have an Iljif0tltriitritl.'' 'i'«ij dAta la 
anw in i'nria thr> cha|irl of thr> I Apll* hlOa, » l.cf r 1 

Jameo in n leaden coilin, with hia lUu^'htrr, " I ' 
deMireil not to U- buri<it till lilii<-a altpn-^l, nixl 
anil hia daughter are to Iw mrrmi to Kii^'la»<l, an 
int)-rre<i in King llrnry NII.'« . lii»|««l ; liut t-^f 
comes to |iaj<a I niii <if opinion it,'- util iitAii'a Kitlu 
his lM>neH will 1h> carrieil to Knglniid by th«» I'mtt 
friends, as relics, it Iw-ing nlin<»t uinovi-rr-l alrri 
se.xton woman giving a pieai- to everv onr- thnl g 

six|>ence. To U.a shi- exhibit<il Ida ■ n|i, •nahtit bl 
thes«' sixty years." 

Mr. Oarland wu-> a sturdy I'rotrxtnnt, a »*■• 
" tiie Ivomans." .At the church of .^t. KimIi a rii' 
preaching; having' di^covereil from his uncmnpr 
manner that the Kiii^'lish Keverend wa^ no iio 
iM-gan " to exclaim, anil to show that tlx* herrlic 
all Im> damned; m-nr me I dixi-overetl Tri>trnm 
(.Mr. ."^terne). w ho -eemed to Iw very ntli'ntivr 
monk's rant." In .^t. ,Sulpi.-e and itn neighlwurh 
tnivellers saw "the |i«gcnntry of what they cii 
great fetist " -all the strwts hung with ta|>r«.l 
strewn with tlowers, soldiers to regulate the mob. i 
'•dressed in surplice:.," prie-ts ^illging p'-iIniH in 
"young i>riests " scattering incense, and then the 
the fco/i him. "The religion of this country," n 
(iarland in hi> decisive w.iy, "consists entirely in < 
ge>tures." 

Ti;ere were other fix--, to Mr. ( iarland'* trati 
than prie>ts and monks, .lounieying to the .> 
Frnnce, he sutTere«l much from "the Kroggs " out r 
and within doors from " tluwe na»ty disagteeable ci 
the Huggs." As for the frog* you nuiy hi-ar Iheni 
in a still night — " they oroak as louil a.« a duck, b 
a disagreeable tone as I don't know how to desci 
Having arriveil at Lyons he n(lmin-«i the a.jUJ 
public buildin;;s. the fountain^, but doubleti tl 
trade of the place eiju.ille»l that of WoKiThi 
Sup|H)^ing these ]H>oj>le had trade, who was then* I 
it on ■/ ".\t eleven o'chn-k .Mr. Merchant's h<-a«l i 
goss busli in a white, frosty nioniing ; be is «o nn 
a i>rtit master that the wind must not fan him ; hi 



124 



LITERATURE. 



[Augn^ 



woni i« more \i;;orouii) (or «n unfrenrhifirti KnuHshman. 
\im«^, n^^iii. hnti il* o«n oauM^ of ofV»-iuf ; tlie liost^«K 
liati " tin* Fivnrh iMnm-ii-ut-*" " to olmr);«« nine shillin^j* for 
a bivnkfii»t ••ortJi two iiliillini;i< ami tliitH-jx-ntv. It wa.* 
Sumlav morning : the iwfivnil gontU'innn. nx-allinj; lii« 
fortnrr f«^atji «>f exhortation and rfhuke, rtwo to the 
Otva^ion : '• I J»elieve tJie lanitlatly w-a.* never so tAlketi to 
in her lif«>. I thrrateneil luT. and at ln.«it thi* jioor old 
wretch was willini; to »»ine to any tonus ; hut, it l>einsj 
Sahlwith day, 1 de-jnatoh.-*! her with suih advii-e as I 
thou:;ht wBji re«|iii«ite.** Mr. (iarland should have n*- 
meml^en-*! that a hn-akfast reteives it.< commercial value 
from the ronisumer. *• An* epgs so scarce ? " aske<l the 
Kn!:li»h Anitw.«sa<lor wlio, niiir Kontninehleau, was char<;e«l 
a louis for two; " No.~ n'j>lie<l the hostess, readier than 
tiie ixmrold wr«*tch of Nimes, "but AmNissadors an'." 

The execution of .lean (alas, whose memory was 
vindii-ated by N'oltaire. was recent when Mr. (iiirland 
visite«l Toulouse. He ini|uire<] for the widow, but found 
that she had prudently left the country ; many of the 
re*jwvtable inhabitants still i)retende<l to lielieve that 
<'«Ias was "juilty : " I find that they broke all his limbs, 
then left him on the whe<-l for two hours, during which 
time the monks continue<l to disturb him in his last 
moments with their su|>erstitions . . . but the good 
man resisted all their entreaties, and, after desiring a 
little water or wine to drink, they in this miserable i-on- 
dition strangled him. and burnt an innocent man to 
ashes." .Again, shortly before his return to Kngland, .Mr. 
(iarland at AWwille made some investigation of the case 
of \m Barre, execute<l on .luly 1, 176G, for alleged 
blasphemies ; " the atrocity of the atfair," wrote Voltaire, 
" possesses me with horror and wrath." Hut the English 
olergjTnan knew nothing of Voltaire's indignant feal, and 
he transforms the name of Franfois I^a liarre to Sir 



Francis I>«lebure. 



EDWARD DOWDEX. 



BOUBBAKI'S MADMAN. 



|Bt FRANCIS (1 KIBBLE.] 

Puor Jnloa Ihiboin ! H« wn» half-witted, bat he was uble- 
bcxlicd, and that wa« th« ini|>oriaiit thing in thoxo iliiyx. 

lyr lvfuf~the I>ait Man— w'lui the nickmune tliut ho went by, 
and it fitt<«l him. liiit, nnne tb« Ichk, tli<'}' kno-kcnl him intn 
■ha[i« xn tJi« drill ground, Hn<l drenwd him up in a uniform and » 
|wir of ab<M« with Ijrown paper ruIiw, Hn<l f^nve him a cha»i>efiot 
ami a baynnpt, an<l M>nt him off, without a gruut-cuiit, t<> tight 
tb* Pniwian* id mid-wintc-r. 

Sot that he minded. He hsul ncviT worn a great-cuat in his 
lif* ; and he had that ten<l<-nry In fight aa a matter of counio 
which the half -w itiiwl ahare with certain of the lowt^r animaU. 

" Hi lee Pruaaieiui iioua emlM-tant, il faut leur ilonner line 
bnniM racire," be aaid. 

That waa bin motto. The idiomatic Rnglinh of it in, "If 
th« Pniaaiana romi- worrviiiL' uroiind. »o munt civc thrm u ir<io<l 



I^ruaaiaii*, an he would havt> dug potatoee or cui 
tliat wax what ho waa tlitire to do. The cold did 
for he was iiiae<l t<> t-old ; and the fatiguu wax 11 
futigiio of uorkiiig in tlie lioldH. Whoii the <Ia 
over hi> lay down by tiie ramp fir<< and hlopt t 
thi> healthy and thjck-headtxl. He m<cm(><l, 
Mtoady-goiiig, but vi>ry ntupid, soldier, »1 
diatiiigiiiali himself i-xcupt by accident. 

Thii atvidi'iit hap(M>ned, however, and the 
IVivate Jiileii Dubois diNtinguishud himself I 
Mildier in (loneral ItoiirlHiki's army. 

H wan at the very end of the CAm|Mign — 
Itoiirltaki found that Mnnteutfel was more than 
and ordereil the rtttnukt, aii<l Ui« lonj;, dark it>1 
conHcriiitM, weary, riiggwl, hungry, and fiwit*' 
hiu-ks on tlie invader, and tram)>ed throu):h tl 
kIusIi U|)on the long and |«inful man-h that w 
the welcome hnven of neutral Switzerland. .Iide 
sulkily along witli the rest without speaking ii 
Hut, whuruas the otliors looked straight in fi-ont 
glancing al>out him— now to the right, now t«> 
back over his shoulder. It was evident- or 
evident if any one ha<l troubled U> observe li 
thinking sometliing out, slowly and lalMrioi 
new anil difficult idea. When he was quite 
iiitelli};cnce Hashi-d lu-ross his vacant features. 

" Moil Dieu ! '' he shoute<l. " The arm 
wrong way ! " 

The aniiy »« a whole inarched on withnul 
attention to him. One or two coniradei mm 
what's thia ? I^ (oryi/<r seems to bo getting ex< 
was all. In order to secure a listener. Privates 
to run up to his Nergcant and |itill him by the n 

" Listen, sergeant,'" he rej>oatod. " l> 
country, serjcant ? " 

" Damn the country ! " said the serjeant, v 
and a temjier tliat waa eaaily u|>set. 

" liut listen, s(>rgeaiit," tlio daft Jules 1) 
" I know the country, 1 do. I waa lK)ni here, i 
lived here. Therefore, I t«ll you that the f 
wrong way." 

" Damn the army ! " said the aergennt. 
him horribly. 

The un|>atriotic sentiment did not wouii' 
the least. He quito umlerstiHMl that notliing u 
ance was at tlie bottom of it ; and he protcstiHl 

" Still, sergeant, if the army is going tli 
tJie general does not know the country " 

" If you want to talk alK)ut that, go and 
Don't bother me," was the contemptuous ret 
Jules Dubois withdrew, discomtited, to think tl 

Talk to liourbaki I And why should he i 
the general obviously did not know the count i 
so well, surely it was his duty to go and tell 
mistake. People who had lost their way were 
set right by any guide, however humble. The I 
slowly in his mind, and, when evening halt wai 
bi»-ouac fires wore being lighte<l, ho addressed 
the second time. 

" Sergeant, I have yonr permission, liavu 
S]ieak to General iiourliaki ? " 

" Go and sp<>ak to tlio Devil, if you like 
don't Itother mo," answered the sergeant, who i 
t>owl of siiun and warm his feet at the raini> Are 



AugUMt 5, 1891).] 



IJTKKATLRE. 



Kkw |irivitt« irililinra, u|;i>iii, hnwitvnr plaiiaiKlv timy iiii|;ht I 
liuvx ii|><>kiiii, woiilil tiviir liuvn iiiirrMiilMl III olitAitiiiiK ••linlMiOfi 
to thii |ir<»iuiii'ii iif tliii ( 'r>iiiiiiiiiii|<'r-iii-('liu'(. Hut IWuirlaki ■ 
liont WiiK 11 ilinori^'niii/i'il r,tlil>|it rntlixr than ■> iIim ipliiml nrniy , 
mill liri'iiMintniiiMipi f.itoiiri'il tlm I'litnrprlM' of I'livutu Juln* 
Dtlliiiiii. 

" I liiivti til xiM'tik to Ociirritt Ibiiirli.iki," lia •■ml to th" 
iinlitrliiiM wtici Iiui'mmI Inn w«y. " M« il<>«« not know tlm loiintry 
AM I kiMw It. I Hunt to fxplain to liiin t)i<tt lli>' army \» Koiii( 
till' wroii),' wiiy." 

Tlio onlarlii'H liiil;,'liiMt lit liiiii, ami tli«ii |>ro>'W«l>i<l to 
violt'ULT. t'rivuto •lilliw IhilMiia Was aa t lolnil »jt tliry «tari< •imI 
HK utroM);. Tlii'n' wua n •trui;K'*'> |>iiii<'tiiBt>'<l Uy abiuttn wonU , 
anil iii;<'iili<nt hml it tlint, jimt ox tlio rini^'liuiKl-tnnililr iii-riiiiiiuii;<i 
wan priMOiiliiiKi ^'■'■i''''''' llourliaki tiiniM'K i>li'|>|a<<l out •■( Im ti'iit. 

Till* worn anil liaini»eil lixik ii|m>ii In* facx rwveaU'il tlm 
l|i>ony whirli liin mury fuiliin' to |iiiMr« tlx' (iiTiimii linoa liaal 
t'ailiK'il liilii. It ki'XIikmI tlutt liii liml to iiiiikn n vmililx ntlort to |iiill 
lliniaolf to^i'tlii'i' Ixifiii'ii tin roiiUI ii|><'iik witli laliii roiii|>iiaiit<' xvi-n 
to B privnt«t of the lini< ; nml ■liilca IliilMua, <iliiu<r\ 111^' thi' al(,'na 
of hi* unxii'ty, f»lt ninm o«rtaiii tliiin aviT tliitt li« waa tri>iilili«l 
bei'ikunti ho wik* iiuiri'bin^' through u »trun;,'i< rutintry, nml h.ul loat 
hi* wny. 

" What i* this iliatiirlutni'O? " iiaki<<l thn p<ni'nil ati-inly : an<I 
tht< ortlxrlii'ii «xpliiiiii«l how, unil for what rcuaon, tin- iliatiiilniiirt' 
hull U'cn CHUa<Hl liy I'rivuti' .luli's iMiboia. 

" Kviilrntly till' miiti ia orii/.y, HfiiiTuI," onr of tlii'ni uiKhil, 
iia thi>U};h to ina)lo^;i/.<» for him. 

" Cruzy or not, K't him a|M»ik for liimaolf. Wlmt ia it thiit 
you want, my nmn ? " lloiirUiki iiakiil ; and .tlio unlerliea lut >;•' 
their] |iri«on«r'N anna, mul Privati' <luli'« Diilxii* aalutanl, Ixit 
cuulil Imrilly uho his tonj;iio for niTvouaiioaa. 

" S|Miak, thiin. What ia it?" tlii' >;«iioral ri'|H'ati'il aliarjily ; 
and tho (tiitr otlii'iTH atamliii}; iiroumi ;;liir)'<l at I'rivato .lull'* 
l>iilM)i8 furoi-ioimly. Stru),'gling with hia fright hi' atanimoretl 
out : — 

" Qenorikl, it i» that |H'rha|i8 you ilo not know tlio ronntry a« 
1 know it, who have livi'il hi-ro all my life." 

'* do on." 

" And so, ^KiK'ial, ainrti 1 know the rountry, and ynii do 
not know it, I have ilarcil to tell you that tlio army ii goin); tlii' 
wronj? way." 

" A thousand thunders ! " 

Tho astonislaHl *'Xi-lamation at tho mun'a aiulai-ity caini' 
aimuItanuouHly from tht> lips of the p-iu'ral and of oviry statf 
oUiciT who had ovrrlii'ard liia «|H'«'fh. Kvcn tlif ordrrlii-a muttiriil 
tho aamo inttTJoi'tion uiidiT tlu'ir hri-ath. It would not liavi' 
Burpriscd thi'in if tho fro/.oii oarth had o|h>iioiI its mouth and 
swailowod up tho privat<> of tho lino who dai'o<l to K|H'ak thus to 
tho Commandor of tho .■\rmy of tho Kaat. 

Hut tho oarth took no notiro of tho outrago. and I'rivato 
.lulea Ihihois gainod oouraf;o at tho aoiind of hia own voicp. Ho 
wont on : — 

" Wo aro out horo to tight tho I'ruaaiana, aro we not. 
penoral ? Vory well. Hut, hy tho roads wo go. wu shall not 
meet tho I*r\is»ian8. Tho Pruaaiana luv out yondor, f^noral, 
)>ehind those hills. Hut wo, wo maroh away from them ; ovory 
hour wo aro further from thorn. Unless wo turn right rmiiHl wo 
cannot tight thorn any moro." 

The onlorlioa wore grinning, the goiioral was frowning, hut 
Private Jules Dubois continuoil : 

" I speak the truth, goiioral. I would not ap<>,ik unloss I 
knew. Hut 1 know tho oountry, gonoral, so that I am suro." 



tU'trm lunalir* of tlw IjrfM 'A Priiata JitU« ItttI- ..^ .^ ...i, 
K'/l t" llBll"rt, but It I* nut rarufiU.1 lU»l im ••ul •.. 
la a iiiAttar of hUlixy itiat li« ilxl tot (•<ll..* i*i«> *t<: J<i:a-.a 
odtlfx Wilh tho kiu>«U»lKa llut a t^yifg •xluioA •>! t.' 
Wiui tliriNtlstiiliif 111* Kiiiimuiio-atlona, )m r< iikl li*ritl; ilo 
iii(,-lil |xu*mI, aitd wbxfi ttui moniiitt; mtiio l'ii>*Uf Julx 
diM-oicnnl U> 111* anMi'iixtil that lt» ami* •till rBt/cw(r*l 

" I t-.>li'l iiuka it out," Im aaol t>. kla r»«n|aaiil">i 
r'tplaltical ■)%c*f^ ihlti^ t«> iho i^cfiorml 1 al^Wrcl Uttn 0ta<< 
tlm I'ruaaiaii* *ur» lv>liin>l iIm< lull tlt^to Ai>l •; 
m'iriiifiK. tlm army I* i;>>iiiK tlm wr.-iiK **y. 

Tlioaa who mim> iH't 1<m> roM aiwl tniacr*)... ....^:...l 

" l^ Ti'i-u " a* I hial of ll»iirl«ki • •laif ' \^ )>«( ai> i. 
WAa Ion droll ! 

" Hut I kn.-w thn ruiintiy I knnw that llu> artnt 
tho aroilg Way t<> lilwl tlm l'ri|aai«iia. lu- |«..(<i«U»l . al.l 
• >n ii"i{«-wlly, liirnini; lh» hiAlIrr ..tar in hia tnii»l, •>« 
|>i>n<l>.ring a pUii •■( a<-tl'.n. 

III. wua a al.iv lliinkfrr, •<• tlia*. it lok liim t)irv«. 
hour* to roiim to a onii' liiaion \t Uat Ih- arri>r.l at . 
a|».kn. 

•■ (>iio(l-liy>. my asrgoaiit. I aliall lutTi r-'Orxl ami 
other way, ' ho B.111I. 

Tho aargnant «»r..rn fiiri.»i«!r at him, Uil K" i 
IM-rtiirlaxl. All tho lUya of hia lifn tm Iwl In-n '■••^1 1 
aworn ut ; aiwI no i.Ath, i>r atrinc "( oatha, ro<il.| fm< h 
tho domiimtion of thia lixnl iiIoh that, it tlm (••.« mit. 
ilrosMMl hirn in utiifonn, ami t'oon him a nfU aial a )>« 
Was in onlor that he might fight ths I'ruaaiana aixl i>>>t 
that ho might manh a»ay front th«m. 

" \ oil »«', a«irgi-aiit. I know tho r..iinlrT, a>. tlutt 
whoro to tind tho I'ruaaiana," ho vxplaiiM.*! . aixi wl 
aorgoant angrily ordorol him l>«i-k to hia plara in tho r> 
anawiTiil with a tlirontoning motion of hi* hayonot. 

■Iliat. t<io. ahoiiM by right* liare i-..at hiin • owirt-i 
but dia<-iplino, a* haa Im'^-ii aiiid. waa lax. T)m> wrgi^nt «i 
t<Hi lin"l and lold and hungry to oiif..r'^ the olaaliaiH' 
ho«di'<l foola. 

•• (to to bUxoa, you mail iili..f, ' h.. n-tortml atillml 
Pri\»to .Iiiloa |iul«>iapiit hia otrii intrrpcrtation on Ih* 
and tlion nml tlioro. ahouldrring hia rillo, ttunni hi* l>w 
tho oompany, and ii.arrhial oiT alona. 

•• I'ii-r ;.■ T—i"' long livo the iiailir.an ' " aomo nrm 
after him in ji'at. 

Mo turnod half round, and «a\<«l hi* liand, ami an** 

" (iixal-byo, roniraila*. Vou am going tlio aroi. 
The Pnia«i.tiia are out ymidir. I kiioir thv ntiinlr^ , ••• 
tight thom." 

And ho di*np|<oarfal grailiiaily in tlm liiatartce. ■ 
comrailes anw no mort> of him : ■ixl at lh« ix-xt rolU 
oaptain marked him down oa " imaainL*. ' 



"Hotcs. 



.^n old grii-ranco ha* r«»oontly l-a-n v»iitiUt*I th 
iimtiirt< announoomont of b"->ka aa aln-ady pibliahnt • 
publiahitl by n oortain dato, whoroa* in fart th^-y arn not 
till aoiiio timi> after. Tho rnatomor aot'ing an.l IwlioTi 
announ<«mont of publication ia not only irrit«t.<l by hi* 
t.> procuro the bivok, but attribute* hl« dis«p)«.intliK>nt 
nogligonco of hia Niokwlb-r inatoa<l of to tho turn 
Tho piit'liahvr no doulit has diltiiultiaa to (Xint<>nit « 



126 



LITERATURE. 



[Aug! 



Coup ti'Kut. on •notlMr Um outliraiik .( tlx Kntiieiv4.St<niuiii wsr, 
em yv( aaotkrr tlae KMka»iiiati»u o( l*rt«uii>iit C«niot. 



Tb* KrvMck miu*ntici*t< hxl Uxer xikwh «( tlu'ir olilication* 
in ntatUT* »l Uii* kin<l U>«n Uu- uu«t " |>r«-vi<>u« " <>f eniiT- 
iruiitc mtxlfru puhliUKr*. TlWophilo (taiiti<*r lia* told ui how 
it w** • cuctom aith himaelf and thp mlrcntiiroua yoiini; writora 
ol hi» efKR-h t" nia^ifr thair important^ aa author* by announc- 
ing on th* co\fr> o( tbair b»<ika an im|><>*iii|{ lint t>( furthcoming; 
soriia, of which nothing; hut tltu title oxintitl, or, )>f>rha|«, waa 
likrit I'ter to oomo into f>xi«t4'i>c<<. It vm* ko that " U> CHpitaino 
FracKaap " <ras annouiic«<l tliirty y<-«i« lM>(»n- itn actual piililioatioii 
or rrva coin|>oaition. Moat peo|i|<>, luu) Oautier, «uppoao<l that 
thf book ha<l a|>)><<«n<ti. and aonn- ha<I gonu tlu* lanpth of criti- 
riiinc <t' It aava aoiitethinK tor tho |iroliity of thv Kiif;liiih 
(priratra that no caao, aa far aa one know*, haa y<-t 
xv-urml of a t«K> |compt r«vifw l<ein|; (irintod on tho annouD<-t<<l 
liatc of publication of a l>o<>k in fact imiaauMi, although Mr. I^anj; 
ha<l Uit n-oantly to oiniplain ol a too pniplmtic rvrirwor who 
" »Utr«l " a fortbcomiuK hoolc of hi* by anticipation in hi* review 

<<f anotb«-r )>«<k. 

• • • • 

A notii« from Mcaars. Huttcrwortb , tho law pabliahiT*, 
infumiin^ tu that during; tho demolition and ro-«r0ction of No. 7. 
Klf«l-*trwt, they luivo t«ni|>orariIy romovod to 12, Bell-yHnl. 
Ton>iile-l«r. n-inin<U uii tJial the handu of tho doatroyer aro iit thin 
moUM-nt laid U|>i>n ono of tin- rory fow ■truotiirre utandiiii; to our 
own time* which Sliake»)K>»n- may hare entorotl : which hu 
protalily did ontor no a inattor of Imnincwa. " No. 7 " was in the 
rai|nu of Kilwanl VI. ami tlio Vuo<>ni« Mary and Klizalieth the 
aboilo of Richard Tott<-l. tho printer, who also carried on Imsinoss 
there uDtli-r tho sijjn of the " Hamie and Starro." After him 
cMno Jag;3nl, tho bo<>ki<«llor, who, accortlinj; to Mr. .1. W. 
Ituttorwoith, issued the first printe<l edition of R«mro ami Julitt, 
actually printed in tho house at the roar, known in aft4>r days 
aa '• Dick's Colfe*' Hou.«e." whicli quite recently waa an Italian 
reatauraiit. Slmkosponro's first folio wiis also published by 
Ja^Card and most likely printotl in tho siimo house, thouf^h this 
<(at«tion is foreign to the subject, for tho author was then deiul. 
Wbaterer connexion Shukospi«re may liaro had with No. 7 was 
tiiroogh Itvmro ami Jultrt. and wo may plcnso ourselves with tho 
imagination that ho may have callo<l there to correct the proof- 
sheeta or tu *«.« how the book was lieing receive<l by the public. 

• ♦ ♦ » 

Shake*pi«re's connexion with Moot -street it«elf waa much 
wid»T. .1 HiAmmimtr Si'iht'ii hrtamr and Hnmlrl were both 
sold at the " .'ihopjie in St. Uunatan's Church Yard , under the 
Diall.'" an<l on Kebniai7 '.'. 1801-2. Tfrlfth SyM was performcnl 
in the Middle Tetnplo Hall, still intact, tho niithor hims<>lf no 
dotil>t l«ing jiroM-nt at. or acting in. tho play. .lohn Klorio lived 
in Shrx-lane, cIom* by, ami it is more than likely that Shako- 
•p<«ro obtainotl many hints of Italian life ami scenery from him. 
• kiitdix-as be would ntt-tn to have rc|>aid by ridii-iiling liim a* 
" Holofomns ■■ in I^'tt'i hiliuur'n ImH. The Mitre in Kloet-stroot, 
wA tho hoiiw now called by that namo, but one then standing 
level with tlie thoroiighfnrt- partly on the S4ime siti*, was als«i 
known to •''liakospi-an-. This, on the authority of a contcm|iorarT 
n>anu»cript volamo of fKM-ms once in the iioss<'»*ion of Thorpt? 
tho liooksAlItT Init now Rppan-ntly lost, since nothing has Ix-en 
aeen or hr«nl of it for a Ion;; time, notw ithstanding the closest 
irviuiric*. In that thorp were a<-veral verses attributed to iShuke- 
•{■••l*, " which he aang at tho Mitre." 



...» .1 «&..• ^ UI..I... 



1I_.. » u 1.^^ X 1 



if it might contain aomething of the aort^««pe 
ilo not know Latin very well. 

• • • 

The Hpanish Shakes|ioarian aoholar, Sefioi 
has just given to tho world a translation of 1 
pn>s»«. Ill a lengthy preface ho airs his enth 
speart' and his intimate atxiuaintaiKH) with ovei 
Mild Teuton iSliako8|ioarian criticism, though ( 
the iMMWosaion of Schlegel's niagniliiviit traiihl 
grounil for cavilling at the S|Mniani'H atatoii 
K|>earu has never ha<l a translator worthy ol 
language." Schlogul, in face of L(«sing's wanii 
doiii Horkiilt« eher oino Koulo, all ein vers 
ubriiigon," grappUn) with tlie tiksk of renderin 
veriie, and verso the majesty of which triui 
tho attempt. Sofior Vargas, on tho conti 
tho remarks of a French critic in tho j 
Iteniluinlt's i/iiiii/r(. " I..U pittoresquo et la 
spi>aro so tnuluisent iiiioiix un prose i|u'en ve 
de la rime contraint sans i-essu k des it [mu pri<i 
ing of tho constraint of verse, Setior Vargas li 
a goo<l deal of licenc-e. " Oh, my projihetic » 
is given " Oh, profotica alma mia 1 El Rry 
cho«>sing to iisu the thftatrical expression R 
li" (uncle), wliicli also means in Spanish tMinv 
version Ophelia's siwech in the third act n 
Hamlet a were fop : — 

Oh. S«'nnor ! qiu' sor tau noble ha caido 
oortesano, el alma del giiorrero, la emulaci( 
eH|iejo de la nuHia : el ti{>o do la eleganci 
CTiriosidad.— La flor y In es|ieranza do la 
coinpletamonte per dido. 

Hero the iKH'tic Iwauty of tho original, «o ail 
by Schlegol. is lost. Aa a whole, however, tl 
sufticiont merit to awaken an appreciation of 
Latin race to whom hitlterto he ha« l>een little 
* » • 

Throe deaths in literary circles have tAk< 
Week. Ono is that of the Rev. Frederick Poyi 
educational and other works: "A Small La 
Small Kiiglish Dictionary," " Historical Rei 
vocations," and '' A Plea for tho Study of f«ro< 
was a Wiulhaiii man, who took the IVnyer Tli 
184:i, and was assistant master at tho C 
183tMlt, and second roaster from 1858-72. 
that of Mr. William Jones, tho Quaker. He 
ono of the philanthropists who distrihuttnl roll 
and dostitiite during the Franco-Prussian ^ 
publishe<! a volume of reminisconcoa, which w:i 
columns a few weeks ago. Dr. William Wrii;l 
only » few hours' illness on Mon<lay, was tho 
intendont^of the liritish and Foreign Itiblo Soc 
worko<l as a Prosbyterian mis-iionary in Syria, 
Hrontes in Ireland," " The Kmpiro of th< 
" Palmy m and /enubia." Ho was only 62 yei 

• • • 

The AVilliam Black Memorial will take tin 
light, to lie known as " The William Ulat-k lie 
iMiat Society detitUxl that n lifeboat was not i 
coast of .Scotland, whilst tho Commissionors ol 
hoiis<4, who ha<l been coiisiiltixl, replied that 
niNHiliitoly necessary at Duart Point, near th 
Sound of Mull, where most of the steamer I 
Highlands [lasaea. Suliacription* will be rece 



AuKUMt C), 1899.] 



LITFCHATrilK. 



iMiori R<> iiiifuirly txlipKixt, howavsr, dy tti« ni-riilimt llmt tiroto'a 
(iriiuk liintory upiMmrixl iiiiiiiii<liiiUi|y aftnr liia that tins Iriltuto tu 
lib iiiiiiiiory by (nlluw towimmitii ii Holiuin*. 

1 • • • 

A rorrnii|Miiiili>iit irci'iitly put \mt-iri- iia k wIibuki for 
» cDiiriiii of liintory to Im ii'itil in imviU " Tliia |<Uii lwrit<i« 
iinxthur rniTimpoiiilrht) i» no ^(hhI lliikt it iMiiM •H.ari'uly 
Ihi i>x|M«'l<>il to lui I'litirxly iii'W. (hio of tmr |iiil>li>lii r* souh' 
tiliii) n^o projix'tixl » mii'iiii of Kiiulloh liiitoriial iiok<l«, to l^i 
nrruii^iMl c'lir<>iioli>|{icttlly on n plan *oiiii<wliat rtiMinliliii); that of 
yiinr iiirr««|K>iiilrnt. Tlui mhoiiiK xonia to Imvn Inin); tirn, 
ultlioiigh iiioiit of tlin iMiokit I'onipi imhI in it wrtirn romlily >inoii|{li 
BcriiNiiihlit. Tlin piililiahur, of roiirKO, only roninrniKJ liini»ilf 
with i-lawirnl, or iit Inuiit non-oopyri^lit workit. In thn I'liitiiil 
Utnti'M witM pnliliiluxl, tlirno or four yuarH tn(«, tlio pro«|NN-tiiii of 
a Hurioii of nxw hinturiritl novxlN wliirli vtan to vonipriM' tlin 
wliolii liiiitury of AMirrini, from ('olinnliini t> I'miilKiit i U.ti. 
Ian<l, in nhont a ncorx of volnnii'H, at tlix rati' of on<' tain to itui )i 
gtmuration. Ho far at I know, tli« doaii^n lian nut a-i yrt pro- 
(liic«<i aiiy roault. Coniiriouiily oi uncon«<'iounly, tlii< opulmt 
gitniui of Ali'XamIrK DnmaN hiiil Monix aiu-li aim iM'forn it. Hi* 
work with th» lu'lp of natcllitxn will carry tlii> >lili(;i'nt rnaih-r 
from thn Franoo of Krani,'<>ii I. to that of I<«ui.H I'hilippf, uitli 

profit aa woll as plaa»iiri<. 

• • \ • 

" In tho prufacii to ' Tho (^loixtor on thn Hoarth ' Charlie 
Remin hai happily KXprnsstN) thn finution of thn hiatorical 
novelist. Moxt of tlin atorii'N rix'onlixl liy hintoriana of thu 
Nocoml rank am mnilorml flat anil uniiiiprniiaivn liy thn uoixlnn 
motlxxl of thn nniniipirn<l narrator. ' Thn j^nncral rnailnr raniiol 
fool thnni," nnvH Krailn, ' thny am |>insnnti«l no curtly ami 
coltlly. Thiiy am not likii limathinn .storing ap|H>aliiii; to hin 
linart, Ixit littln historic liail.ttonnH iitrikint; him l>nt to plaiicn 
otV hl« Uwom ; nor can ho undnrstanil thnm, for npitomna aro 
not nurrativna, u.s xknlnton.i aro not human li^uri's. Thu.i r<H-i>r<l.s 
of primn truthit mninin a ilvtu\ Inttnr to plain folk ; tln' writnrn 
have luft so much tu thu imagination, and ima);inution i.s ho rarn 
a fiih. Horn, thnn, tho writnr of tictiun may Ih< of u.sn to tlm 
public aa an intorprntnr.' 

* « • * 

" Thoao rnmarkH of Charloa Iloailo'» ri>call tlm mntlKHl.a of 
MscHulay, who .sn<>iii!< to have owixl hia rcniarkahln knowli<l>;i' of 
historical ilotuil to thn habit of tnllinj; hiinsolf .itorii'S -which 
hn unfortunately iinvnr troubln<l to write, gave in thn ca.to of that 
fascinating fnigmnnt on ('nsar. 

My accuracy as to facta | Macaulay t4>lil his sistnrj I own 
to a causa which many men would not confniis. It i» duo to 
my habit of caatln-building. Thn pa.'t i.i, in my miml, «o.in 

constructed into a romanon With a |HTson of my 

turn thn minuto touches am of aa ^;mat int4<rest. ami pcrlmi* 
(frnatnr, than tlm most iin|Mirtant events. S|i«>nilint; *<> Tutich 
time as I do in .solitudn, my mind wouM have nistoil !>>• >;azin(; 
vacantly at tho shop wimlows. .\s it i", I am no sooner in tho 
strnets than I am in (irnncn, in Itoiiin. in tlm midst of thn 
yrnncli Revolution. I'ro-ision in ilates, tho day or hour in 
which a man was l>orn or diod, hnconies absolutnly necessary. 
A sli);lit fact, a .sentence, a wonl, are of iniixTtnncn to my 

roniancn Tho convorsatmnf which I comi>osp !>«•- 

twoon great iwopln of thn time aro Idiir ami sulliiiently 

aniinato<l in tlin style, if iKt with tho morit-s, of Sir Walter 

Scott's. Tho old parts of London, whii'h you are sometimrs 

surprised at my knowiuK so well, those old gatss and houses 

down by tho rivor, have all playisl their parts in my storina. 

Macaulay's iikii/iiuiii i>/>ii.» has Ix-on cla-ssnd it.solf by unkind 

critics anuinu historii'al romances ; it woulil so«'m that a kinder 

way to put tho casn is t.> say that Macaulay was a Pnm.is 



• OVBII oil • • 1 !i«1.4a(:' aI W:«lll.i.:.lit, 4I. 1 :.c • l -. c 

tlui initri) ol Ttiouta* k lledtct. 

• • • < 

Ttieri' hax Ik«Ii a k*'"! 'I*^' o( <lt«r<>MiCMi i»»«tli "i li^ 

an Mill m» ••'iilh ••V'^t tliB (act iti«i it.^ kili>»in» k H'xc. ■ 
lit lliiiii* r.4niia iix*iitlv ("Id '«t H<><l>. I,y • udy cr>*b<a>l ' 
t* ii iiMvtakr, h*,«titi.r. Ut •••m|**r<' tb«^ t'-« |«u«t jflvcii t 
Copv ttilll that k'I'eli for (ha lal" Mr l^tiil.'t -o^ry III all 
)iilit\ thr |Mirs«>n « ho jfttid ^1.** ^^diiMKAa f'.r 1).^ I««i,.l# • >'| 
too liiU4-h , but It ha« to Iw ictlf iii)at»l t)u( l>>a( ''•'Xf 
far as la knooii, Uhi'ptr. It la la-luvi^l t<> !• ti" >hA} • 
nttat«ilit-n in a " |^ffii«-i " roiMbti-.n Tlw- 00*? ».WI f «r* f.* 
faulty in si'Vntitl riajm-ta 

• a • * 

Ttin flrat Million of th" ttaiiaU(i..a ..I •<( MttUxn'a 
into .S'ottl'h ha« Imll nlluiial>«l, a>Hl o m^i.imI itl:(i..(i ii4 
laaileil. The " traiiaUtioii la lb"- Bork of ill IU>« V 
Wye Siiiilh, Ht I 'ath.iriiio a, ( 'ana/la aii<l la |<it.lia)«^l !•▼ ' 
Inirie, (iraham, of T>.roiito Mr. ^inith la (» Iroiiajj, 
whole of the Ne\a Teatjm«-nl into H.i.(li*li, arvl Di' 
alrt'iuly p<ilili«hi'<l la of (|i«' imturr, to »,ii>r ritriit. ..( * •. 
of till' rompli'ln work Tlm diabit »i|..pt«il la l)i»l <•( Ibif 

the style 1» i'ol|iH|UiaI 

a a a a 

Tho vexiil ipli'ation of the ,iiit i<|iiil\ of tl>- kilt la ai;aiii 
by l.oni .Xrrliilsihl >'iimpl»'ll in hia han<laoiiM' «'>l<iti»' ••<■ ° 
land I'rnss, .\rTiis, mid Otnaniiiil i \\f«liiiiiial«i» : Ari 
Coiiat.ible). Many writers hold that tho kill in pb 
as di^tlll;■lliH||l'<| from thn laltasl pUid, la coiiiior^tiTrly n 
l.oni Archiluild is of a Contrary o|>iiiion Mr. ••( .<.ur»». 
diets tho story m|<>at<s| liy that K'^aippy aiili.piary. 1 
Teiinant, to thi' etfii t that tlm kilt *%» iiitro<luci«l by " ' 
Uawlinson, an Kn;;lisliman, al>out ••r |irior to t.i> 17'JM 
liiison was eiiifa^isl sii|ii'riiitaiidini; •'•iih' aorka m l,>-'lutba 
it is saiil, ol«ervjii); that the Mighlaiwlers umb-r hia ibari 
im|Mslisl in their movements by the plaid >ihi<h i-aino ot, 
shoulders, he indiii isl them to ai'{>arale it from tlio kilt 
wiiy till' plaid lO'ild In- bft .>tf at pb-aaure. and tlui nvn ■• 
to Work with much ;;r«ator frisHbiin The atory atN.ut llai 
having; thus introiluosl tho kilt la ,i,rtaitily 0|a ii to mmi 
l>ut, on thn other hand, and while a4liiiiltin|; that I^>ril An 
has made thn mo.st of his cuao, it can acarody )•< sai<l t 
argumunts for thn hii:h anlif|uily of tlio kdt in ihi^ Mi;bla 
altogether convincing'. Althoiieb a icnstt itnal Haa liM-n 
on tho nubjf)<'t, tho nscnrtained facta am ■•ni'MlinL'ly nw«4;i 
same may I e salil with recaiil to Ihn siibjist of iliatiixli' 
taitans. Much curious information re;;ardin.' Hidlilaixl ilr- 
has, however. Iienn brou;;ht togi'tlwfr by t.,onl .VnhdmM <'» 
and many of the b<>a<itiftil illustrations which enrich hia t,>li 
exceislinply valuable. Much of tha l»»>k ia ocvupinl 1 
inipiiry i-<inc<Tnin); Michland wea|<>na, particularly lh<* 
awords which are claiimsl to !■■ of •' .\n<lr*« Ferrmra " m.k 
• • a a 

Tho Kationalista sp|i«ar t>> \* ailo|>(ink' tha mothmls r 
orth'slox op|>ononts. Tlwy ha\e arransnl to (oum) a Rati 
Oeas .Xssofiation. which will l>e the anab>|;ue of th<< Kt 
Tr.ict Society ; they ap|««l to the public for ibtnatiooi 
seriptioiis, and l><H|ui>*ts. and they suk'k'e«l that tli" b 
should Is- " fn"« (nmi I.<>>;aoy Ibity '" Our own view la 
llittioimlism cannot jiay ita way. it may juat aa well I* 1 
to lanj'uish, and that it would be just as useful to rntl"W 
jioetry or pi'nny s-niety |«|ieni aa to endow the labour* of 
Itithvll, I'hIK. when he " examines ih.. import of T 



t* 1 « 



128 



LITERATURE. 



[Aug 



(luilUuBM (loury, tltp " Yuin " ut lA>li'« Uiuotia " IVciieur 

ii'I*l<UMlr," «bo tlirtl ifl long kiiviv I^imiv.iu iiowm* c«immonly 

rsllml «»• knoaii to pwrtUnly in Vor» Kri-ii hikI Paiin|i«l na 

" !<• h^-rv*. " uhI. •lth>>U|:l> tiio kiiullv (,M;:iiiitu' lii>lii'rtniiii toiild 

nut roAti a U'ttrr, b<< wa« en>init<>u*lT (>ruu>l ••( twin;; put int'> • 

DoTrl. T)w t\-m\ Mill', (ikutl, »o rhanniii): in Ui>- »t<>ry. livtM at 

l*ail»|«U. «bfrv. ill ■ itaiTow utony (tr<-«'t, alio kiH-|ui kii inn. 

thk-v aho «a< ru'h ami uiiii^la>l iii tlio U-ot aivii-ty of I'aliiijtol. 

Uut > iliaa*tn>ua it|<>H-uIation niiiiftl hor fatluT itnil ro<liirt<<l li<>r 

!•> innkc<>|iiii|; Ttiia i< tho r»al tra):r<<ly of Mile, (iatxl. Sili-nt, 

diaiUinful. aitil rx»ti);i>rci ma in (lie itory, ab» aita l>oliiii<l the 

(uuatM', knitting with alon<W liaiitU. In tlio |>iil>lie roMiu 

y\>u ntay •«•< (ho rirkety tablo on whicli Ix>ti u««<l to Imui 

hia p|l<o«ra cVi-ry oti-niiij; when lip liirtvl nt l'aini|iol. I{i>iul(-ra 

aho )ia\<> «iUi tlio |ir\>|>t>r w-iiailiility iuvoni|iaiiii>il M. 

" I'tom- I<o(i " on hia varioua Koiitiim-ntal voya(^<a «ill hav<> 

hoard «iUi |>l<<«aunbl<' aiuiciiaitiona of hia joiinioy to Pcrain. 

IVnU, tlM IkiMl of t ho now niuch-U'luriMl ami boUudol Omar, 

tbo lanil of Itat'ia aikl SaMi. tlif lantl of tho ni^htiii^nlo ami thi> 

rt>a», thi- |ura<liai< of |kH-try aiwl latmion, i» upt above i>tlier 

lantia t» fumiah a auoi'<>A»or to Aaiya<lo, luiil Harahii, and Katuii- 

f%sv, aotl Madam Ohr^aAiitht-nH', ao that |>rcuiently thi< cyrlo of 

vxotic lovii* may U' oiu-y('li<|>n-ilii-ally comploto. 

• " • « • 

A Priyi-holo({ioal Coiifnwia ia to ba luilil in Pari* from tho 

20th to th« 2fith Aupuat noxt yo*r. Tho orpinixini; coinmitt<-« 

it ]ir*«i<lo<l oviT by M. Th. Kil>->t ; M. Ch. Kiohot is tho vii-«'- 

(•roaitlont, M. Pi<-m< .lan>'t tlio aocrptary, ami M. Folix Alcan 

tho tr«aaun>r. Tho oongroaa will lUsciia!) ijnoationfi of pnyfholo};y, 

|«tho|opy, hy]<nntiam, auf;i;o«ti<>n, aocial ami rriiiiiiial \m\- 

cholrtgy, animal jaiycholony, anthmp<i|<>);y, and otliii«lo({y. All 

the Miniidj of tho world am iiivit4'<l, and tlioy will Im> frootoolTor 

their t-ontribiitionx in Fronch, Kn);liKh, Oonnaii, or Italian. No 

rmtrirtioiia aro to !« put on tho length of tho tiianiiacripta to bo 

cofnmunioattHi, b»it all addroasoa nro Ui lx> kojit within twenty 

minute*. Profoanor William Jampn, of Hiin'iirtI, will, no doubt, 

iakv part in thia con^in-aa, whore ho will moot tho numerous 

Fronch writer* of tho younger achool. who look up to him as a 

• * « • 

A Rri>ap of French writt-m, including M. Ferdinand 
Rmnotiore ami Ablt^ Ducboano, acting umlcr the anapicos of 
l.,«<o XIII.. haa )>een formed t<> puiiliah a Ixiok examining from 
the {Miint of view ot }{<>man Catholic tliought " all the great 
qaaationi which have U-en umler diaciiaaion during the nint^ 
ieenth century." The V'icomtc do Vogild ia to write tlio intro- 
duction, which will bo entitled L'An 1800, and Cardinal Pcrraiid 

the concluaion. 

• * • • 

At one time a good deal was written aliout Paul Jonos, for 
wh(j*» burial place in Paris Muirch baa just been made in vain. 
Imlovl, be appe«ra to have been fur aliout half a contury ii 
favourite aubject with uiithors, although very little boa boon 
heartl of him for a number of yi-ara past. Ho figures in romances 
of Diimaa, (.'oo|aT, and othor novel ists, and baa also lieou dealt 
with ill many biographies. Tlie anonymous " Momoira." for 
esampb-, which ha<l a consiilorable vogue at one time, have long 
been condeiiino<l aa untriistworlby. Then Paul liiiiiself waa so 
notorioua for hi* vanity, hia iKmsting, and hia want of voracity 
that hia letter* are of little value comparatively. Tho U-st 
biography of him will be foiiml in Professor John Knox 
I.,augbion'a " Kt4idi«« in Naval History " (1887). The Pmfeaaor 
avoi<U tlie two extretnra of extravagant itraiaa or of aeiia<-Ieas <lia- 
|«rageiiM-iit. ami do*< full justii-e to Paul's cuiiacity aa a naval 
ititntnmttAsrr. while c ond4*iMiiinL' bin faiiltN nn a man. 



nor Touvo Pakkala brought out any rt 
novel ; indtHNl, tho moat ini|Mtrtnnt work 
iftauMi from the privts liist year was Snntor 
h'leming." an bixtoriral romance of tlis 
sixteenth c«>ntury. A series of hiatorioa 
cidloctivo titio of " MargariH-ta," waa ■ 
Inguian. Ks|>(>oially notvworthy among o< 
aro Maila Talvio, for lior romanco " Kakai 
I^ives), an inti'ivsting psychological stut 
life, and Hi'ikki Morilainen, for his •' 
(rnfottore«l t'nptive). " Tuloista ia tai] 
Karnis ami Highway*), by Heikki Sarvi 
ttiirioa of iinixiual merit. Anni Kurki, 
anioiii; no\elists, lias productti " Oniiei 
S<-ar\'h of HapuiiKiss), a tale of some pr 
historical sketcn of gri-at intoraat, but ol 
niHV I* mentionetl " Suoraalaisen talonjioj 
a tloMTintion of tho " Vicisaitudos of a V 
Suomalaiiion Taloii|Hiika -i.r., " A Kinnial: 

Among tho rising )ioeta attention mi 
Leino, Ilmari Culamniiia, and Kyoati l.i 
" Sata ja yksi laiilua " (Hiindrisl and < 
disapixiint the hopos which his jiruvioiii 
Tho " Hiljaisina liotkink " (At (^uiot 
Cabimnius, is a volume of lyrics mostl 
sombre t^mo. Larson's " Kyliui lauluja " 
of a simple and pleasing diameter. 

As oxani|iloa of a more at-rioiis class 
montioned Matti Wargnen's " Vainajaiii] 
Suomalaisilla " (Ancestor-Worship of Ih 
piiblishisl by the Finnish Literary Sicii 
valuable for tho list of authorities ouoted 
tutkiolmia," u |iopular aoriea of " Ksaays i 
by Wenior Suderhjolm : and the first volu 
Work, entitle)! " Suomalais<'t Aiiiorikal 
Aiiierica), by Ak8»>li .lurnefolt. Tho yoi 
completion of O. A. Forastriim's " 
Historia " (HiKt<iry of Finland in tho 
nionced in IHOo, and forming tho s)>coii 
tireheiisivo " Illustrate<l History of Fiiihi 
by various authors. 

From tho numemus translations iin 
singlotl out that prepiiri>d for tho Finnish I 
Paavo Kemil Cajander, of tho second p 
A'iiif/ Ilnini yr. This version, like th 
published in 1897, is a most cmlitablo 
vigour of stylo, as well as harmoniousni 
parts are fully up to the level of Cajandor'i 
of Shakes|Htare's iilays. The contitiuo<l 
as a literary vehicle is ma<lo evident 1 
numlier of (wrioilicals of all kinds publis! 
in 1898 was 140, of which 121 amioar 
nineteen abroail— i.f., ■evonte<'n in tlio I'l 
Haparanda in 8w'e<len, and one at St. Pete 

In Finland were also issued eighty 
Swe<lish, and four in both Finnish and Rv 
]iuroly Finnish literary organs that main 
of oxa^llcnco may )m> specially commendod 
dates from 1^1 and b published monthly. 



The library of the University of Pen 

enriched by the ac<)uisition of an extremely vi 

cal collection connecto<l with tho aliorigina 

and South Ameriai. Professor 1>. ii. Hrint 

moinber of tho Cniversity staff, and tbo in 

priso<i by his gift amounts to 2,200. A ] 

consists of rare pamphlets that are not con 

library. 

• • • 

Home goofl autograph letters are included 
issttiHl by Mi«srs. Maggs, of Cburcli-stn-ot, 1 
tlicsi' is from Captain Marryat and n-fors to ' 
in tirni-ticil tt^iiriialiiini wlion bo t^tok ovi*r 



Au;,nist: 5, 18'Jf».] 



LITKKATl KR 



Aii.itlior int<-nmtiii;; li.tt. r i« fr-.m rh»rl.ii l,aial>, »riH.:|i 
nlioiit 1«3I), ill wliicrl, 1,11 iii.i.ti.,i,«, imi,l.,|,tal|y, U,»l U j..,t 
" tW4iMty Kuitiiiiii a nli.Ma (r..m • Tl..^ I.<.n.li,ii ' fr.r hi* • fMast ..( 
Klin." " Kiirlhir on Im nuyii '• I ii.<.,| u|> all my I. at lh..ii\.tiU 
on tliiit piiMiciitii.n, nil I I ilu not lite I., yo mi wrilii.^' oorx. 
•ml wor».> iiikI fiMJiMj; that I ,1,, ,o," A. lu. .a). .l..,«|,.r.., ,« 
rtifuri'iico to lliii ,uin4. mil.j.i.l, •' «oiii« l>raiii> niM niMliif litit oiio 
alciimniiiR," und towiinU tlm in.! of In, jif., | ami. tr...|ii..|,tly 
«ppli..<l thi« <li. turn K, him,,.|f Tli- appli-.tlio,,, r„r conlril.u 
tioim to the vari..iiit mnKn/.in.ii jin.! •• Aiinii..l« '■ ihm Uinj; 
|>iililihlii«l till.il I, in, wild ,1 kimi of lioir..r In a I.Hnr !» 
Il..rimr.l Hurton a»«,„i ihi., tim« l>« ...y. •• 1 hat., ih„ ,,.i|»r. U,„ 
ty|Hi, tho fjlonH, tl,.. daii.ly |>Ut«« .... ll,., I,at..fa. «l «■« 
of umuliitioii, till) iinniixlKat camliilatimlnp hroii|{lil into lo httLi 
•IMico. Ill thono (ilil '• l.otiiliiiiii " a niK'iiatiirc waa loat in thn 
wimmI of muttor-in short, I .li.ti.iit to api.ar in an Annual '■ 
A tbinl Ititttr in thi< lint in from Clmrloll.. Ilrunt. It rrfira t<> 
thu alxlicatioii of LnniH I'liilipi-., uikI .onUina thia proplinlio 
anntoniN. : "How »tnni(,Mi it iip|».ttr« to .o,, lil.r.iry ati<l 
•olBiitilir iiiiiiioK ri;;iiiiii(» in til., lint of iiifiiiilN.Di of » I'r.'Viiioiial 
GoVi'rnmi'iit. How wonlil it ii..iin.l if Curlyl.. .tn.l .■^ir John 
Hnrachi.l mill 'IVniiyiion ami .Mr. 'I'lijiikiTiiy ami l>oii;;la<i .Irrrol.l 
were Hiilrcti'd to iiiiiiiiif.ictiirn ii m.w ('..inlitiiti.in for Kiii;laml ? 
Ami 'riiicra i* iM.t kai«lo--for a tinif, but won't th.7 Im< ^-lail ..f 
him by-aiitl-liy." 

• * • . 

All iiit«ri«itiii« hook iiiclmliHl in tlm laU . alalogim piihli,hi.il 
by Mr. Thorp, of Krutlinn, in Ni.hoU'i " l'ronr...<i.-«, I'r.Mtw- 
aions, mill M5;;iiirui.iit Fivitiviti«.» of Kin;; Jnm.« th,. Kir..l." 
NiohoU wim oim of the most imliiittrioiia liti-niiy men of hi^i .lav. 
»nd hlH voliiiiios of " I'roj,'rc.w.,s," •■ l.itornry An.H-.l..l,ii.' ami 
" County Hiatorii.M " eiitniliHl u pi,Mli({ioii» jim.>iiiit ..f hilx.iir. 
aoiiio of which, o«iH«-iiilly tin. " ('..iiiity Hi..t..ri.8," imawitli 
aiich littlo (iiioci'a..i tliiit in lii.s old u;;,. Nichol.< foiiml lii.» r..»..ur.-.-» 
groiitly oripplt'd. T.. n.liov.. Iiix cmlwrrM.ssim.nts h.. took in hitn.l 
his hint uri'iit work, tho " I'ro^jicaiio.s of .lumc.s th.. Kirat ' Kor 
this ho j;athorod to>;otlu<r all ho i-..iild rind of im|K)rtiiiit Stnt.. 
niid doiiieiitic puiwiH. Oidiimiicivi ..f tin- Kin- « lioii»,.h..l.l, itii.l 
every document of any noto lM-urin>; upon tho i-..iilli(t»i U-twcn 
tho country (H.oplo ami tho Koyal l'iirvoy..r« .-hum..,! I.y tho u.w 
then miido of tho Kiii^j'.K pror.>pilivo ri;;ht to nil ...u.li Iioimm ami 
coiivoyftnco.s a.s ho mi;;lit ro<|uiio. In .Hh,.i-t, .v.iy m iiiu.H4-npt, 
l«iiiphlot, corporation roconl. or puriKliial ro;;iii(<T whi.h throws 
any li;;hl iii>oii tho daily history of tho Court iliirin;; tliMo pr<.- 
gn<.«.«o,s is hero, reprinted, fo^-othcr with thn nm.H.pi.s of II.M1 
Joii.son and others, which wore porfoinio.l at tho various ontbrtain- 
meiits piveii in tho courso of thi< King's journeys. Tho result ia a 
niimi of wonltli for the antii|imry and tho Htmlcnt of social lif.. in 
Kngland, while tho biblio^rnphical and hiographical not<'s ail.ltxl 
by Nichols servo to rondor tho w..ik niticli nion- interesting to 
the gonoral roador than such hooks usually an-. 

* « » " ♦ 

Tho auction hook-season is now practically at an eml, 
ami littlo or nothing worth chr..iiicling will take plac till tho 
now seti.soii coniniencos in the middle of Octolnr. Since that 
time last year s..n»e sixty high-class .sales of iHM.ks have tH-..n h.dd 
in London, ami the total nnioiiiit realized .annot fall far slo.rt of 
£100,000. A niiiiilier ot_ inforiiu' collccti.'iis, all, or nearly .ill. 
made up from dilVerent .sources, have aU.> l«...n br.>imht t« tho 
hammer, niid, if tlu' prweeds of those were ad.Ijxl. at least 
ii'2r>.(XX) may lx> said to have b.-en s|x-iit in s<voiid-haii(l IxKiks 
during the current year. Tho al.at*Miioiit of the old pnjudi.-o 
against sales of a miscellaneous as.sortment of lM.<>ks from 
ilitroront libraries has had a goo<l deal to do with th.. rise in the 



U».k« 1)m> t««t |<.r^» •>l>««II>cil arfn tlao |..U-'«||,^ 

.S.-wB Tmidiiiciii, ' Tjittitl, • «ci(i»<t rrit*^<l. |«iiiU>l 1.1 
-ii..i I.V^I. aith niiinnri'U* Bi^-lrtal*, IVI I'M , I'. 
■ I^mmIoii," I7«J, TJ llJb . IkM.iu^. ■■ Tl-^ I'lf.l aivl 
Aniii«er>«iim, Jir ,' llir.', 6ra( did n, HI |.'« 
•• l'.-i»i«, ' HW'tl, ArU nlili..n. Cm I'« Ib.i.iK. •• Ijd. 
.'^r.trrall t'orxiii* ..f n-'t>...if,' li"».l, 6f*i mIiIi./o. I 
Th- Ml tl.fin «..rk> I.y iH Ik^iiin Brfi in etcBtlattl c** 
Ih'.iiijh tUv\ hail broil (-rcatly • ut il"*)! in Itw l>ii>lih^ 
•• l'.«m»," loau, «rtlt<'ti In • r. iiuit>|»>f*ry l>ai»t, ami r. i 
many |i»<.iiu not proirioiuly |><ibli>h-<l, t"|0 Um> Tbirtl > 
•• .Sbaki'a|a'ari'," a iiiui-h-r<i| 4lo«n ^^■^^J, n%4-»»uriug .«!j 
by 7)111 , im|i«rfa.'t aixt *«iilii>|( II II , «<rtit f..« I'la , l)»^ 
Kuli... |:i;in. by Kjm , .Ufdt tivx, f..f tm Aio'.nt; TrfMna 
»«m aoina rarn tln.dn th<'<-( bl*. k UtUr liKUr 
<*( County btat'.rixa lli« U<1 mrtf H*li».i>, " lti«i 
MaftfonUhir-," I7;fl4. aiwl •• H.-try of M A! 
I7l».'>, 'J »..U . a'> i Maniiihi;. • Hiatory an.! Ai>'. 
..f thn County ..f Siirroy , ' twrj.lt, n ,.,!,, lli % 
Hiut'd, " Hi'tory ..f Kont,' I77*-W, 4 »ol» . CI" «>.. 
im|iortatit lot m ibo K.i.kIi.Ii iM.rti..n cof»>>{nl ..« \f, my I 
iiit-r.ating autoRraph Irll. ta ..f Chwica I>amb, ■bi.-h lei, ha 

• • • • 
The priD<'i|«l foiaicn work* nfTri. I«a K'«>tj>il»K. " 

<'|i..iaiim iiiiMM eti «irr>." platia aftrr Oixlry, |7'w-uU. 
t'lO l.'« ; •• Mil. hbiii l>i» N.-ur KJ». printnl by HofR at A« 
III I47>i, III fin» rot»liti.>n, tlio ty|«' Ivin; ivnwrkabU 
brilliaiictt ami cli-aninM. L'lo , \. .U l.yrk, " Ku|«r I 
llibliie " (from OeiK-ai* to ICuth), a riiw f.>lio raAnuar- 
vellum with large initial lettora at tlw l«ginniDi; <^ <^<^i* 
.•ir.-.i .\V. cent . tin , " H.>ri». ad liaiini .>^Anim, ' a fii 
tli..ugli im|HTfi«-t, printnl by l>ig..iH Iw-t. UOh, li I7a 
" MiMale," printMl in (;..thic tyj" at Vbhi."- in H'.O. a ij 
voluiim in |«i'(».'t cixlition an.l in tho •«i|{inal itamiml 
tinn binding, I'D) lllki . the '■ Thumb ' IlibW, in rhyme, 
ab'Mik of minute pruiKirtiona, rocaaiirinKooly I4 by t\ inrt 

• • • • 
Saturday «ra« taken up almcMt osrIiMivrly * iU> I 

b.H>k». the priiiri|«l M-riea l«>iiig a complete art .-f iko K»l 
I'resa piilili.'ati.>na. Tho •• Chaiicvr " rnachwl f.'* |(k , th 
at whi.h several i-opioa have n-contly N-t'O •••hi. h«il laki 
other voliinioa generally th.y. iiMliviilually, |i.(rKi«t !>•• 
["•r i-piit. leas than till. prici.« rer.«>rilnl in ..iir laiiie ..( l.'Hl 
Kor works by Mr. Kipling the U-st |.ric«i« wert> '• <^iari 
in the ..rigiiml wrapper*, Lahore, |HH.'i. fT lOn. . •■ (la{«rt 
Mitties," IA-*;, first loiition. in ro.m| oiii.liti.>n. I'lO 
" Kclm.s by Tw.. Writ.-rs, • l,!th..rv ilHHIi, firnt nliti'-ti, 
ropy, fl7 ; ■• S..|.li«.ni Thn*," tirat Imlian oliti.m. Alia 
ItWM, r.» l.w. : •• S,-h.-.l Ifc.y l.yrira." AlUhahail, l»*l 
edition, f.lO, an extrannlin^ry |«iop for a liny iloo. 
|.aniphlet ..f 4»i |<«ge« in |«i>«.r c<iTer», th.>iigh, aa far aa o.; 
goes. It is OIK. of tho tin<«t opim that haa yvt ronw up 
mnrket ; '• The I'liitad .S-rvices College iTin.nirlc," IW*) 
N.iiml in one voliim.', flol. Mr. Kipling waa at t)i« < 
fr..iii l.t7S t" IMW.', aiel his contributions in this j.<ri 
tiiimU'r alH.iit :i>>. Tins is sai.l t>> Ix tJio only rumplete 
th.' Chronicle ct.ntaiiiinj; the ontrilxitiona of Mr. Ki|4ins 
• • • » 

tl<«i.l|.a the alxiVe there werv al«> a'>iD« rar* Sleieiih 
inclii4li.<l III Satunlay's "iile, th.uigh the I>aT.M Plata prinl 
n.>t g4.|iprally r4-a<-h th4. high pri4:«i rro>nl«| in eur i««u« of 
•>th. Tho chief items wor« " N..t I. an.l <Hher I'oenia," 
IWI, flH 10*. ; " .M..ral Kmblrm..' ' f. II.. til . ■• The 



13U 



LITERATURE. 



[Augu> 



A OOMINO UTSRAKT EVENT. 



<»iir o( tlif |;'<'****1 liU-rary «-T*>nU ••( llio Ji'nr » ill U> Ihc 
a|i|«(ttr«tiiv, •imiilUn<otuly in I'^ri*. N'r» Vi>rk, anil I^nilon.of 
th«> U»in;-lo«'kr«l-(»r •• Memoir* of Victor H »);<". " Tlio right* <•( 
tr«ii(UtJ<Mt ami |>ubli>->ition in ttx- I'nitxil St«t<-* Hnd Orvat 
HHlAin i>( thi» in)|<t^>rtaiit work h»vr bttMi |«ircluuMHl liy tlu-CS. \V. 
IHIlit)|;Kj>m Coinj«n.v, o( Ne» York, ftoni M. Pnul Mouritv, tlu' 
l-<<l»t^^i>l<■<l |4ay»tii;bt anil nor<<li»t Hnd Victor IItij;o'ii litt-rmry 
Mroulor. »!»• mill «rit« the |>n'f»i>' t<> it. The translator iii 
John >V. lianliii):, the auUior of " The Strollinc I»i|)cr of 
iUittaay," " Tlie t'onjuror «if IMmntomii," and other well-known 
iiorvU, who rtx-wiitly traiulatitl fi>r the tS. \V. |)illin|;hani Coin- 
|»«ny M. F^louaril Itotl"* clutrniiiif; aUiry. ■' The Snrrific«> of 
Siletk-v." The Metnoin ilatv Inck to 1825, when Hii^o witnviuHMi 
the rtiroOalion, which he lUacriU-a ao )>irtun-a<|Uely, of Charles \. 
at Rheiuia. It waa on thi* oc<-««ion that ho haanl the iiniiie of 
Shakoapi^are uttervil for the lirat time hy Charles No<Uer, who 
Bcrompaniol him. Nu<lier was an enthusiastic Htiiitent of 
Sliak<«|«are. Having Um^ht a k-contl-hand copy of A'iii</ ./i7iii 
(or six aoiis, he reatl it to Hugo, who waa attvngly imi>r«sae«1 hy 
Shakp«|«iare'* gpiiiu*. 

Th« production of llntiani at the ComiHliu Fmnvni** in \^V) 
v«* a iliit&ul failure. Hugo say* the critics condemtietl it unani- 
mously, the |Hi)>lic laughed at it, and the actors tre»te<i it *ith 
ridicule even in his prcm-nce. This fact is mentioiiid in con- 
ncxi'in with reminiscence* of Mile. Mars, Mile, (icorcos, 
Kr«drrick I^^'inaltrti, and other oiico iinivorsally famoun stars of 
the French stage. There is a ihapter on the Kronih .Vcademy. 
which failetl to elect the |>oet when he first pn'Sontc<l himself 
as a candidate. Hugo did not eiitortaiii a ver)- high opinion of 
that august l>odr, and he s)ieaks of it and of certain " Im- 
m«rt*ls " in terms of caustic sarcasm. He also directs the ahafts 
of hia satire with equal effect against the Chamber of Peers, and 
incidentally gives s<ime characti-ristic sketches of Thiers, Odilon 
Rarrot, Iilan<|ai. and other statosmen and politicians whoso 
ounea figure pmrninently in the stirring history of Franco during 
the prvaent century. 

Hugo waa a welcome visitor at the Tuilerict when Louis 
Philipi<e waa on the throne, and that monarch was wont to make 
him hi* confidant. The King cxpre8»«l his views iipi>ii current 
]iolitical affairs unroserTwlly. The Kmpcror of Kussia, ho laid, 
Isckwl tact and was a fo<il. Sir KoWrt Peol also found little 
favour in bis sight, hut he was a wann iidmircr of Pitt, whom he 
(>>iisiderv<l t4> Iw the groHt4-st F'nglinh stati-sman he ha<1 known. 
Pitt's lower jaw, he said, " wcigh»><l a hundre<lwcight," which 
r«uae<l him to s|)eak alowly, and conso<|ueiitly with discretion. 
The King explained to Hugo the meth<Kls of the Parliament, 
ami mimickcal a member >>f the House of Commons in the act of 
making a «]«ech. All this was in relation to the dangerous 
ti-nsion l«tween (treat Britain ami France over the protectorate 
of Haiti, which the King deplorc<l. He was detcrmine«l that 
Un-re should l>e no war "in spite of what P<'cl mij^ht do or 
my." He talknl aliout his ex|iericnc<-s in Knglaml, which ho 
was about to re-viiit, and gave his impressions of that country 
ami its inhabititnt*. He was always well ro<:eivod there, he said. 
In fa<'t, lie was afraid the cordiality of hia reception might 
diminish his |>o|rularity at home. This chapter is one of the 
roost piquant ami inU-resting in the Toliimo. 

I><>uis Napoleon's |iolitical <Ub<il and his elevation to the pro- 
siileory of th<- He|iiibli>' wi-re events that naturally im|iri-ssod 
thsro»'lve« utvm Victor Hugo's mind, and lie iletails the first 



Hovel," '• The Kastor W«isy," •• A Drwun." 
IVison " am exquisite masterpieces. Some hithi 
details of Uie oxecution of Ijouis XVI., ntiil 
Naihdeon I. in Paris, in 1815, which were rocouii 
by eye-w itnuiutus, are also given. The details o 
were relate*) to him by an old man. Hugo, 
pictured the scene with such inimitable art tliat ' 
chilled by the cold of that bleak gloomy Jaiiimi 
seems to witness tile martyrdom of the " King 
s|<cctator ill the bixarro, lugubrious crowd. 



PHILIPPE AUOUSTE-MATHIAS DS 
DE LISLE ADAH 



Villiern is an niitlior who has little honou 
countrymen. In his life ho liiul • certain not( 
two enthusiastic friends ; but except during ii 
tour in Ikdgiiim, undertaken in 1887, real |iiibli( 
denie<l him. Sini-o his death tlie chief critics I 
bined to praise him, but their commendations a 
jmrt unsympatlietie ; anil any disciples, anytlii 
ho never has hail, and prolmbly never will have. 

And yet he is a master with a stylo, 
enthusiasm all his own ; one, moreover, who I 
of his intellect ami the moral character of his \ 
< han»-e of licing a]iprocint«>d on this side of th 
most of his contomiKiraries. It is iDi|><>sai 
" Contes CiTj-'ls " and the " Xouveaux ('ontes ( 
astonishment. The wealth of his faculties is i 
auilncity. his inexhaustibla fancy, tho masturl; 
strokes all'ect one at a fii-st reading like i 
gymnastic performanw ; and when his actual 
taken in connexion with what is known from 
his life and cliaractor tho artistic mastery tli 
such combinations from such elonieiits becomes i 

As for his character, never was a writer n 
with temptations. On every side the way In 
excesses, and tho very nural)er of his dangers m 
means of his salvation. His oxtraonUnary ingi 
tioii, his instinct for effect ami for style, his dc 
anil ilialoctica, the romantic opulence of his 
bitterness of his irony each of these might have 
ruin. But in his liost moments tho ilivcrse fm-ii 
in him find tlioir equilibrium, ami then ho is 
comjiletely master of tiis rcsoun.'os and complete 
his |iur]>osc. At such times he procluces jtoarl 
stories that have ever lioen wTitten. 

Certainly tliore was nothing in his life 
would bo difficult to imagine anything much mo) 
the story as tohl by M. du Pontaricc de Houssi 
in everything a fulgurant creature, the very tji^ 
full of forlorn enthusiasms, astonishing fa<: 
simplicity of a child— a man ra<lically incapablo 
feeling like other men. Ho uso<l to forget tho 
his nearest friends foi montlis together. He wi 
crises of nielonukiiia, wtvks long ; and in his he 
comi>let<' scores of two original Wagnerian opcm 
t<i )H-rfonn himself, seat4il at the jiiano. 1: 
incri!<lible mixture of acting, |>octry, and music, i 
flood of dramatic improvisation, tlio sttden fri 
supplie<l false friends with columns-full of " c< 
the iiicturo comiilete he was misenibly andi 



Auguttt 5, 1899.] 



LITKKATLKK. 



uiiiluntblo liy tlin taiHutiy of ilrtT«iii> »illi Mliiih lia lii<l lU 
■<|iml(>r. Ho li«<l a (utiixr, a »<>rt ol nrut'M'rath' Mi4i><»l«r, »li« 
ii|i«iit hi* iWyn niitl llm n<iiiiiaiili> nf In* (urtuiix in tra< iii;( l>i«t 
|{niiunl»^'iiiii ami huiitint^ fur liiiMi'ti Irnuiturfii, »n>\ a iiuitlier wlxi 
wuit4«l ill vmnyxiir itfUtc y»ur Mitli uiiullaiiililn \\<i\i d.r tlin 
hour wliKii liei' Mutliini hIhmiIiI nt loat )>< faiii>>ii*. In tlia •lul 
lin (liuil, lit lifty yiiuri ■>( a;;i', Kuril uiit l>y liml iiir, l>ail (>»«l, ami 
nil lliti uri'ti'iKHl ilim oiiifiiii* nt In* mitruuiKlin^n. 

Wan it nut t<> Ui «\|m IimI tliut, wild a lif« liki- tliia aivl » 
t«iii|><<rniii<int "<> iiMiiKiiintivo, Villien' wutk iilioiililli.it i- turiml 
out to Ix) •! iiii'ri' or(;|i< <>( imoiiiIo roiiiniili'iiiiii, I'lrutii , 
iutriivii(;niit, lio|ifiU>Mly iiiirtiitl i* I In (he rontrury uimI iiottiiiiK 
KlHiitkH more for liia rxiil *(r»ii(;tli tlinm i« alHnit liia Liti'r uihI 
IxiHt writiiitjii KoiiielliiiiK (MHiiliarly ili'ar-cut, iNtiiliiii ly i'l.i>i<ii <•! 
a aolirixtv, a |>iiN'iiiioii, a |p«rfi'< t ailn|ilatioii of tlii< imuiin lo 
tliti oiiil wliii'li iinplii ■ ulwiiliito |HiMiii anil alMoltitf n-tiiiint. 
Tlio ofltK t ili'dirixl i* lirxt c<ilriiliit4'<l to n linir'ii l>ri'it>ltli ami tli<-n 
ili'liviTiil witli nil flHWi mill nici'ty lumt nil |>riiiii«. No nixioil aiMl 
fury, no Mi^hln on a forlorn Iii>|m< into tlm iinknoHii. To h.iI.Ii 
Ilia UHhiiHUi" till' »iiy ill "liirli on-ry ilrlnil. iviTy wonl. tli-' 
vi»rj l«iii({tli ami liiiliiiu-« of tlii' •niiti'iniw ronHpiri' to punIiuk llir 
nxiniiiMl atmoHpln'ro ia a {»iTi< joy. 'I'lii-rt' i* nothing Ku|ii'rriuou.i 
Hiiil iiotliiiij? uiiinlBiitionnI ; liiii two Imat voliiinra of atorioii iin- 
oacli a lw>x of ciyntnlK, I'l'rfoct in «lm|H', piiri' in i olmir, iinil 
t>ti<llwsa ill viiritity. 

It in till' variily llmt utriki's ono lirsit. Tlii> " Nonviiuix 
Coiiton ( 'riiulH " arc from tliin iNiint of nIch alnin- iin>'i|iinlli'il. 
Tho iioniciil cam ami fjrnvity »itli wliiili lin ^et»| out tin- tlii'ory 
of tlio " nini ''o I'our," tliti iliroct ami iK)ij;imiit iIi>m ription of 
tho '• torturo l>y liojio " (a Htory whirh luis l>r«n tran.-ihitiHl in 
tho Strtiml Mn'jii.iiir, ami may lio <oini',ire<l to it.i ailviint.iyo 
with Po«'» talo of tho Im|niHition) ; Milton ilictntiiiK to hi* 
<lrtiiRht<>rM ; tho iliirk |irioiit who wh^'ith •' till' sirrit of thi' 
I'liiiri'h " at carila ; " SylvalM-l," a pii-cc of " ){auloi.irrii'," 
" L'lncoinpriHo," a Htiiily of foiniiiim< "iimiroHis " tlnrr arr not 
two alikti in thf wholn voliinii-. 'rurn hy turn »!• ha\c aatirr. 
patliOH, rualism, uxaltation, myiitiTy. until it in hanl to iM'licii' 
that all ran Ih< the work of oni' haiiil. 

An for the dtyli', it id ma.ittirly awift, i\!iii'«uiivr, loinphx. 
<1a/./.ling. AVy/nwa i-onnmna liiiii on thii point to l>e l,iuincf>y, 
ami juatly. Tho Knt;linhman is, of coum«<, far niori' ilitluM)', hut 
tho laiigu»(;o of hotli has uii iiiili'scriliahlc plantic niovi'mniit, in 
which from tiino to timo tho jxHitry wclln up ami .spiT.uU into 
glittoriiif; jiooIh. Villiors i.n mori' ncrvoiii, lf»« umlulatins ami 
conversational, lon.s " milkily aliumlant " ; inili-oil. in his coin- 
plicattHl eh'piiiie ho NUggeMt.s i'hito ninru than any olhrr. \Vi> 
aril tohl that hu ii.sihI to »ay " iiu-s iiiot.t ,ion |««t;.s ilans lion 
lislancos on toiles irarainno'c," and Du I'milaviir n'lato.i how 
ho UHO<l lo roail uml ro-n'iid umh paj;o. •" tout has ilBlMinl, puiii 
en liruilouillaiit : cntin, quaml «'lli> otait iorrij,'i«. opuri'o. il la 
lUvhiiiiait (li< t'otto voix i'lairt> ot !<oiiori< i|iii liii rtait hahitiii'lh' 
lorwui'il ri'citait ws ouvros." ()ni> rr.sult of this patinit <an< 
wan that ho knew liy heart almont rvoiythin;: that ho hail writlon : 
hut tho mothiMl hail Hu iliNailvantage.i. flo ranio.i to niurh 
further lengths than Do yiiincey tin- otfort to cxpro.»,i. to the 
fraction of an inch hy ilot.*!, Italii-.i, ilashos. |>arnnthi'soM, uiarku 
of cxclamntion, capitals, all tho ;;yniiiB'<tic.s <>f styh' tho proiiw 
natiin> anil tho pnH-i.ic lK>nrinR of the idea that he has in niiml. 
Imleoil. Villiors' canlinal fault is that ho is t<H> anxious to 
express hi.i meaniiif;, too argumentative. In the matter of 
psychology he is desperately suhtle ; often the niinntenoss of his 
refinomonts is enough to make one ili//.y ; and the more n>i-ondito 
his moaning, tho men- oxhaustingly he lahours to make every 
(Kiint as clear as day. There is no froak of his funcy for which 



vniul U ttie uii|>iifloiiatila •iii . in lliti lattBt , it i« 
llm [n iu i m K/ii of an " ■iiii •!• xrur " (" >«i<ta >tio<K • 

nil aiil, |ilu* llaut illUi tuut>-« i|U<nKlo«M «»luilo« ) tiul 
llidla|M>li«*liln •tolllp uf rv»|Ki«.'t«l'llll) alMl r*a h t lao 

•'iIoMI'ImmI Ixyoiul llii- |>>Miliility of iiito^ii^ii, |,<« \ il 

ll|i>«t •UlltliivillB ol raalllato 

Tti'-rn arv tliiwa, In'Oninr, mIm'Ii IiI« Uoo of a'g* 
tlie l«tler eteti of In* wtiimj u( alylt^, ••• tJual b* can ■! 
M iitiTiii 1^ ■>• llila III " I>s Maix/fi dii IW^Miir 

I oliiliuflit rVller |k4r I04I* ]■•) • lo ftltftatA* 
Ir ioiil|>hiilit«^« li||mri ale* otl I*-* lnaj-fflt^« au !•!' 
Iiii'tatif, au« r|o<|tieii<'<4i foii>iiiaa ' atiiltaiit •) j(ra< 

• loiit la w^reiiKi H*r%llft«* ^'italooa •«.*ilrit»«iit au 
«*iuff1i.^ ill. t'tia lralii*«>ii« «h *riir«ii(ra. |tliilrw|H 

• itllri'a mi ilraaoua ilo loutn |a-lialit' ••'inliw iU> t"U 
altiriiie oiitrti mi-aura fit iiuallt^ di-aa«|«'raiil«' liiaiiit* • i 
Ikn mutultuiiM. 

lint till* iloa-a Hot ulti'ii l>a||»ii In raiaiiKn 
iiiiiii'xtIi'U maati'rpii'Ca.a of ileaa riptifiii, lait^iii;; Inxii 
eiiiiinai.ition of ihtaila up to tlm liiv-lirit lliifhl* •>( ii 
loloiiriiig. Sill h III' thi' <l<|«itiiii ••! I^.<>iiiila« alt I 
" ImiwlieiKt' lie la Koiile," the lUaii in " I, Kiijau 
eiening laiidw iiia' in " I. Iiitait*i;;iie, sihI nuny uf 
iliiiM'tioiia in that *lraii;;e •ymladii' fliania " A>cl 
these ihai-riptioiia aie tixi dolicate to i|ii<>ta , tiirv l< 
arc torn from then siirroinniinga . I>ut Iheti. i* m tiia 
oi " .\xi'l " a iliiel, the end of aliiih, ■knttliol with 
simplicity, may I" tiaumril^ol In.ie . 

Lo Comiiiniidimr KiiImt d Amrapaii; ('Oiiiai, iin 
rau'pie et 1)111 s'«'tolltli' trvs aoiifdrnii lit , il t'*iir 
liieliie. hat Pair <1i* s04 daiix hias en Lii»aaiit f* Ii4) par 
puis chanrelle : <u's genoiiv flerhisMiit . il tom)«. 
siir ies doiix mains rteiiilma : hic-nt, t. laia "-Ol 

iipres nil iivulsion, il d< menre sans iiioiiteiiu-nt 

sw'onde.H, niio lar^e phupiu lun^o *« furine it a'a 
son cote gauche. 

It is not only m their nianagenieiit of iaii;i 
Villii'is and de Viiicey are alike. The ri-a>.nihlaiic<' t!" 
Their irony is of the some cait, ami tin ii Miia*. of ah 
calle<l the lu;;iibrii>ii»-liidicroiis. " l.'Allicli«;;e i-rhal 
" Apjakreil |aiiir Taiialxse chinii<pie dti dernier aoii|iii 
to the name oilier of writiii;; as " Munh-r as on<- ol 
Arts." Tin- ae^iuel to tlm latter work. a;:aiii, in il 
insistence on the lu^'ical nisi'ssitv of every fri^'htful del 
in the KrenchiiiiiiiK manner ; an<l mi is the monoloiioi 
of the Tartars' Kevolt. Ituth ariters have the instinct 
B< holarship, almost of la^laiitry, ciirioiialy louphd 
Oriental exiiNraiice nf iiiia;:inatioli . both were I 
strange and tlioniy l>y|nths of kiiowUslge : ami iieitbi 
triistisl ill the stories he told fund U-Iievisl) of hi» i«rli 
\'illiers is also i'om|>«re<l to K. A I'm-, aiiil is at 
show much of his iiifliiiiici'. Hut this dues him an 
No doiilit he atfist.s .Homithiiig of foe's lov'ical pr<-< 
somethitii.' of his weinliii'ss— often, imlei'd, far sur^auai 
delicate and iinex|Mvte<! horror ; but at his baat he 
more int<-llivt much more iiitelligeiici>, rathtT than l 
.\ |>oet. Hn<l a niaunilici'Ut one (though hi> actual i 
diiction Mas small), he is alto a iiietaphvsician.ilevoutly 
l>v Hegel, and never happiir than when he it playing 
Ix'ing, Limitation, aiul the .\l«oluti-. In the thin 
■■ Axel," '■ li> Monde (Iccillte." Maitri' .lamia, atr 
necromano'ni, using rat<cori>« for criK ihles ami tn 
souls l>y the dialectical methoil, suhjivta the over-roiii 
to an exhausting course of lis-tun'« on the r. 
individiinl to universal spirit. Is it surprising; that t>H 
essi'iitially nnmetaphysical Kn-iichman is ••imewhat takei 



ISI 



LITERATURE. 



[Augutil 



1. moo ui»»t.T», iHii. .11.^1. u>.r. ►t\li\ lu> i» filUtl »ith 
• (vrlmi; ttt ihr rralK y mn<\ i in)inrUn<-r nf lid- I'lMlfr errrvUiilie 
ka U inl»«»«»ly «arttr«( Th" ►Vriich rritim pn»i"«< only hU 
R<r«wl»ry qitalili** . M .\iiBt«»lf> Kmnce. (or piimiiile. »p*««k» o( 
hi* iiMoy M if that artv tixr lk*t «onl of hi* opitit Ami, iii«l<'<><l. 
•Imiwt rtrrtthiii;: lir anlsa tiini> ill |«kr1 U> Mitiro Mitinn on 
«ul|:arity, inrr«it«H<o, aiiii i;:ii<>niiic« ('• l."K»ti Kiitiirs "'), on 
malarialirai (" TriUiUl Ibrtihomvt "I, on iIh> ntrocitim of 
modrrti ••iriMx- (l.'An«ly»p rliioiiqiu' Au <I.Tiii«T imiipit ">, and 
moilvm iiivwitioiiii r' L'Al1icl»«jjf <VI«>»I«« "l, on tlM< I rut;tl 
tuorality aixl I'Tutal immonility of r<*x|wi-(aM<' |><hi|>Ii<, on all that 
It (Trow, uniu>a4;ii>ati«r, roinmlioiial, luartlcm in ninvUciitli 
(«alury li(p in a «orti, " la <|iiiuii-xiiiiia*i|U<> Btix>|<lii<'in<*iil ilii 
»vn> ■urnftlim-l " WIh-ii VillietA amaitol hi* atiiuaiiitancvn l>y 
ttandinc for ■ l'aii>iaii i-oimtituctM-y in l»>7i>. Iiin piocnminu- wa* 
t}M> (tomolitinii of .i>rtaiii iiii^inilii-tu' puMii' liiiililin):* an<l tlie 
r*-intiTK)urti<>n of imivKonmcnt f<>r cli-lil, in or<liT Uiat a |>la<-<' 
of r«fus« mi;;ht l« aaMinvl to nirn of IfttrrK. Soiiutiiiiea, as in 
that indtwritaMv |>i<x-<>. " I<4« IV'lio** il'iine Koiiiip (Kuvrv." tli«> 
•atir* p8»«» all •■•iintln an<{ l»«-<>nio« n« horriMe iim Swift'n. 
Hut h« u not a |>CMiini«t. not a iiiiTC ho|i«li>Hi< rflx-l aplin^t 
nMMkimity aiMl n;;liiMW*. Continually he ha* tiie Hccaiit of an 
a;:aniMil il«i>ir« to wt the world rit:ht, to lirinp l>nrk tho " m-iiR 
■umal>irpl." aitd mali<> mankiiKl nhut it «a« ninuit to U-. 

Kor oiM» Uiiiif;. U'in;: u m<'tnpli\Ri<'ian, Villiura »m» 
pt\t(oiin<lly r<plii:i<>iiii : bihI that (il<it|>it<' tiKt Kr<>ncli rritic*) not 
aftar the onliT of lUiiileJHirp aixl Itnrl oy irAiiie\ illy, )>ut 
r»ligiou» aixl <-aiiie«tly moral %*• l«»>t. Stranj;o '. --\w l«lit>\Ps in 
n»on«»p»iny- in lo\e ; Iip l«lifM-f< in tJu' hin)n*r siilo of lininiin 
iMturv cr««T»lly ; ami at tinii'n the foi^x- of hix winviction Ivadu 
him into an axoM* of personal inaiat^'iice un t)ie iiiorHl idea 
which i« hU Uirnn*. Many of the " Hixtoiies Insolitmt " aiv 
nioro Fthital r«»ays tlian Ktoriea in any *<niiio ; " I.a Maiaon dii 
l>onlH<ur. " in |iai-ticiilni. i» the iiit-Kiit Khadow of a talc, notliin); 
mor« than a highly <l^-or«teil iies<Ti{<tion and juatitnation of tuo 
c-l«at aouU, aho (!•• from tho contuot of a vulj^ar world to an 
K<Wn of their o»ii. then" to thrill with •cnsil'ility at tht-ir ea*o in 
th« twilijtht. But that lie h»<) » kopn ncnite of living prolilanw ih 
amply protad 1>y lii" play. I-" li'nillr (tiannlHti'*) in tlu- 
/'ortiiMfAf/y Hrrt'ir last y««r), which antici!Htt4>K tha thvme of 
IhiMi't Itvll't Hinuf, and IpiuIh it, moreover, to a fur more 
Mltisfactorr rottcluaion. 

But to oomplH/T even a Kkctcli of ko original and no vertiatila 
a man i* inipnMthlv within oidinHry limit-^. Knoiigh, at iiny rata, 
ba> l«en >*h\ to iJimw that Villii-rx d<> riHle-A<liim duKurvox more 
conjiidoration than he lia* \et rcr^ivr*!, at Uitxt in thiH cuiintry. 
MiMiem critieium tendi- more and inoie to int«r]>r»t iin>l iHtimatt- 
liU-ratiire hy tiie known Or inf«rr«i ehanictcr of the author ; and 
htfe M« hara a rharacti-r indeed '. The man mimt havo had h 
IJixnl haart wh'i, <la>pit<' every diix-oiirag«<mfnt miicI every 
tMn|itatiun to weakneiu, ctiiihl yet work on yeitr iifter yuir, 
purifying hi* ait. titininf; the exoet<M>R nf Imk nature, thinkini; 
mora and moradeaply and clearly, writing more and more grandly 
ami miivicalljr - for what ' He waf> lonidy, he am p<>voiiy-rtriok«li, 
ha wan iinrfOogniK-d. or recognized only to he deride<l ; Hometimax 
ha »-r»>t<' Ktretrhad upon tlx* BiM)r foi lack of chair or Ix^l ; all lii« 
drmin* T-n<lMl in hitternefw : hut there mrm luimethiiig in him 
gTratw than hin dvntiiiy, and a npirit such »h hix comniHiidH our 
r««peri. H. F. CAHLILL. 



•»• We »houM i«^ha|ei mi-ntion that the aliote atlicle waa 

in ty|« iw' 

tha Pafint^lly nrfir, roiitainiiig an eraay hy Mr. Arthur Symoni 



written anrl in tr|« ix-fore ttie piihliration of the Aiigunt inaiie of 



tha foreigner who had to tranalata tham, or for I 
i-andidate who waa calltn) upoii to jiaraphnua tbei 

I tee mamuder ruIlagut4^« 
Ai roM (II ahoot their diinky wink ; 
I hear the iwrlianieiit of ihata 
III hauH heoitle tlie rivur'a lirink ; 
And dio|)a Uiu vide oH' Hlderlmnk*, 
To piiith hih arrow through the atruw 
Thea«< liiiHy |ieople had our thaiika 
Kor tickling aight mid aound. hut t)i 
Thev a en- not more than hreath »a 
lielightMi with our w<uld'« «mhr«4'e 
The inoaa-i-oot auiell whure l>eat'h<*a \ 
And wateitvl gnwui in hi-oeiy anaee ; 
Tlie nilkeii height* of ghostly 'doom 
Among tlioir fuhU. hy diatMiice dntp 

Mniiriie Maeti-rlimkii artirle on " The Modem 
likely to W wiihdy n'ail. 'J'ho «rit<T miikea light 
trealiiieiit of moral I'lohlems in the playn uf 
K| aaka of tliese iia 

liramaK, iiidee<l. whoae entire exiHteiire 
prohlem* Ruih an th<> njieititor, who must «h 
tti l-e an ide.il niomliiit. would iM'ver put to 
(Our>o of hin wluile Npiritnal existence, no 
Holution. Should tlw- fniUili«s hiishand or u 
la it well to reieiige inlidelitv hy inlidel 
illegitiiimte . hild any rightjt y Is the maiTiap 
piefenihlo to the m8niii;;e for money 'f H«>e | 
t<i oppOBe a marriage which haa lore for its hai 
|«niiiM>ihle when a rhihl ih Uini of the iiiiiou 
the u4lulteruiiB uifu greater than that of 
huslmml ? Ai-., iV c A<-. And it may here 
i-ntire Kreiuh theatre of to-day, and » considi 
the fori'ign theatre which is only its echo 
questions of this kinil and the entirely sup 
provided to them. 

He proceeds to praise llisen as " the only dl 
seen a new jioetry and wt it forth on the stagi 
in enwrapping it with » kind of sombre, feroc 
griindeur" ; and he looks forvrard to a future wh 
of duty with '* our egoism. indifTerence, and i 
hring the true dr.imii of the c-entiiry into being. ] 
Hauptmnnii has made the attempt in 
Hjomson in " Au deU des Forc«)a." Mirlieau i 
Bergors," de Curul in " Le Renas da Lioi 
very honourable endeavours n'ttwitiistanding, 
has' lioen not yet. Once this gap has lieeii 
stage us in actual life, it will he iwrmissihlc | 
of a new theatre— a theitre of peace and h 
1 eauty without tears. 

fHher literary articles in the nitmlier are on 
Orama of the Kli/.alKithan Stage," and " The S 
Critics," hy Ht«'pheii Owynn. This la«t is Mr. ( 
the critics who oritici:;od his criticism of Miss Ai 
In the Ci>i>irinjM>riinj the Countess Martii 
disciuuh-8 " Nature in the last Latin Poets." 
the gieit professor of Hordcaux, Aiieonius, deR< 
his charming i><«'m on the Hiver Motello, very m 
writ«'r with a gift for wonl-painting woiihl <lesi 
Claudiau's picturesque account of an exoursiuti 
and reminds us that Riitiliiis wrote a Voiiagc ntt 
a journey from llome to his native country. 

In exploring the country round Fuleriiim 
farm, a ch.iiiiiing pliuMj with a co|ipi(!e at the 
fish |Min<l, broiul and deep, in which you could » 
ing alxiut. It would H]<|4>Hr that the po<-t and 
were amusing themsidves by stirring the water 
discoveretl by the owner, who remviiteil the! 



Au^Bt 5, 1899.] 



IJTERATUUK. 



Mvon U> iiiiiUtn thn fatigiiu <i( ili»ir <Hnl altar the < reatioii 
Tim iitliiii' (IrxariiH of thofwi iiii|i<>at>>r» mouM li.mlly liii'l i-tr- 
ilnriro with 4'hilcli')'ii. Wiailil t'> lirxl lli.a ,)iiil,>'ii liail nnti^r 
•uhmitt«<l to till' nrniH •<! l'oiii|a<v iii>r t>i lli<>»i <>< Titiia Tli« 
f()Iitit(;i'iuii iiii|>«rititi<iiiH of lliii .fnHn linvi> muIv iii.uIk iIik ih-th 
WAV ill uiiii>»'<|iiii|ir» ; thin %itiii|iii thxil Miili..ri hit* |.r>iti'<l lalul 
to itii viiniiiilnhbia. " 

All exriirnilii on Ihu iiiniiiitniii ih'iii ripti'-im ni tli<i«i \-.>tii 
wuuht h<tv« iiiitihi thtt iiitirh' iiioi'i' i oiiiph t ' 'V\ii-y ilnl not hi>i> 
lh« Al|w or itiliiiiro thuiii, tint frmii Silitw Itiilinm oiiwitrflii th<y 
ilvHcrilitxl thoiii ritllinr hkII. Ar witiioto Silnm ilt!'>'ii|itioii of 
nil uvuluiH'hti 

I'liiii (pin iliirnti roni'ri<t<i rri|;ni>' t'ollio 
litiliricii frimtnitiir ciitiiinti iHnnitn rluo. 
I.iictitntoin frrro glsi'ii'iM pii'imt, hmrit hiulii 
Nix ri'Holiiti viron, iiltoiiiii' it riiliiiiii« |ir.i'<'i'|<ii 
V'tVftiit<'ii tiiriiinK nporit ii<ilit|'iiii iiniui 

Or CIniHUaii'H iioto on thu iiiifortiinBtiK who n<t (r<iftl>itt< n, 
ami wniit to lii< ilown in ikhci' mul ili« 

Miiiti ('I'll <<iir('i<iiii \\f» 
OhriutiiTn f;«lii. 

" History ii« Slid (lu;;lit to U> ^Vr"l. " i^ tli.- till.' ..( mi 
urtiolu ill lilii<kii,mil by Mr. Aiiilrvw l.ih.^. It m n \'\i<a for 
iitylo in historiml ronipotition. 

It i8 [ii«y» Mr. I.ini:;| liiiitoi v writti'ii n-. lilPiiittiii', «ihI 
with te;;iir(l to Htyli', tlmt ilocn iukI «i1I inii.tin, ■•!. y»-i..i„i".. 
CIkioikIoii liistM, Mninnlny |xrsii<l.s, IIiiiiki iniiiir«v<, ('Hrlyh' ik 
not iiii|>«rHliniiitt<>il ; tli<Mi)r|i fiKHli fiirt.M nri' ilim >vim<«I iiiirl ohl 
utorioM mil (liMpiovml. Tlu'mi anil nmny othwr ^'nnt limtoiicitl 
writ«'rfl Hiirvivo hy thfiiHtylr. A hiiitoi iiiii. of c oiirM-, ou;^lil to 

1k( »cciirnt« (»« fill »» nuTi> mortal s nmy) ; of roiirnp. I ii^;lit to 

rtiHSon rorrmtly ('' lit |pa>it, ii.s fur us hi' in iililo ") ; luit. if hi> 
WHtit.i hiH liook to l>« roMil. ainl if hi< waiitt it to ci> on U'ini; 
nm\ aft«ir hp ia iliist, ii hi.storinn iiiiint h;ivi< Ktyln. It in I'n.na'iitinl. 
Stylo i* the milt of litt'ialnru, mul hixtory in litiTutiiio. 

Wo agroo : nnd wo woiiM mh), that history wriltnii without r«'- 
piird to .stylo raniiot ln« H'nifnib<>ri<il, I'Voii l>y th.'iii' who, out of 
cuiionily or from a soiiso of tluty, are no iiiilii>tt ioun an to |;r.t|>|'li< 
with itH halting iMMiiHls. 

In 7Vi)i/>/c Itiif, Mr. Alfnnl T. 'I'lnnir wiitis clis.iir.surlv of 
"Some PiM'ts in Iiovo," ami 81ii>wn at omo Imw |»'in<>V(riiii; ami 
how wnsiKHTRnfiil most of our gri>at singiMs havf Imi'ii in this di- 
partmont of hiiinan endeavour. From ProiuMtiim, whos«> luisfriss 
thn'W the <'ioi-kory at his hcail. to Hyron, wlm naiil " ilainnaMy " 
on a well-known ocoa-sion, it is an almost nnl>ii>k«'n ri'<or<l of 
failuro. and the fimlt is tin' jMxt's in almost I'vcry rasr 'I'his 
cortainly was so with Coloriilso, who aftt'i his iiiarria;;i' " novn 
o|)ene<l his lettors iinli'ss thoy wtro in tlio hamlwritin:: of a yi-iinj; 
lady," and tlii-n ju-ooeedcsl to form " a purely I'latonii- friondsliip. 
in8piie<I liy inti'llpitiial sympathits." It wasalsoso with Myron, 
who was insolent to almost all woiiirn, and di'clarmi that tlu>v 
" ought to »t«y at home, !»• wrll fid ami ilotht'd, and rnul only reli- 
gions books." f)n th»> otliiT hand. Kaciiii', wliosf wife ■' lH>B.sf<'<l 
o|>oiily that shf lU'Vcr rt-ad a lino I'f Inr hiisliamrs ixMtiy," had 
iindeniaMy a ;;rii'vani'o. It would liavo Ih'i'h ton iiimh, |K'rli»ps, 
to uX|Hi-t Madamo Itiii-iim to read it all, but sho iiiii;bl lia\« r>'»d 
,sonu> and pii'ti'iuU'il to havo read tho nvst. As thiii^js wm-. slio 
rertniiily had reason to congratulate herself that liaeine " never 
peiiiKHl an amorous line." Somu other [Hx'ts would, under the 
eii'cumsttnces, have ih-iiiksI amorous lines all day long, and sent 
them oil' in all diii'ctions every evening. On the wlmle, Mr. 
Turner's pajxT ia an excellent supplement to the giiaidisl 
eiilogium of the poet's wife which lately ap|M'arisl in our colunins 
from the jH-n of Mr. .\drinn Ross. 



I nmfiir 



.1... Ul.,..ll 



111 Ih* ipuiImi On* u 

tM»l l« l« tUH'l 



ii|> on pullvy* ftoiii a til 
|i«>r«ii«ilnl IIb t/iiiiM«i), »hi> l.ai |v>n 
• I til" tiiiio, to coiiMt out ailii hiu>, alul Im^aii > 
miioliatti I'll tbt> liii^ntx of hit lliteution, ■liil>' l> 
pf'toutiilly burial til x'liu thin;; •loiibtlMt* inofn f 
iliil ii'>l ap|ttMr AVi'fi III ti' «r that lb. I*rufr«««ff ■•« 
When \\vay ijot t'l tb«) iiu-al-«df0, WiImiii, litmliW l«i 
IkIbI) 111 lil< titiilaiiatl'-ni, i>|iniial Uw ibxM, alwl | 
ultwillt lliltldml Ilblbiaopbi'f • |.o>b I b<' aaa • veijr •lOal: 
liini Into it Ualil> Aiul tiiMuMi ibo Vay iImmi (.ullin, 
b. •aiiiig IS' l^iiliMi-y bitt'b lip aiiioiiL' tlia I rail' fiM 
III a ■"U*'. I^''■*tly ti' bia iar.>t/i atfl tlin l'ru(i-a«<ir a ■!• 

A 111 w iiia^a/iii«\ who h itiaki-« ita fir at a)'|«-''*f aif a I 

ia the )'"'i<Alir l:.,„J,h,.' llul. J,,;,,,., I. Itap-irprjMI 
ll"llday altliloo by lliirtidia'ra nf lb" ■ lub, alvl ill N" 
tbe a|M> A ia inftiio|a'IU4il b^ itioiiittaiiir«fa. T)i« tAbta < 
iiicIiiiImi am Ii laiill-kii.'a o .liiiibiii.; iiaiiim •• laail 
Kdwarit U'liyni|"r, aiwIC i'llkiiitfton. Mr. Klingabjri 
tbe iiioiiiitaiiia I'f \orw.iy ia nry wrtcoina.. II It* ■■>u 
inniit It by anottur aitn bi Siwog Uia hiatofjr t>( 
iiioiinl'tilii'i nil;;, ha a.Mild ram our |*Tatitu'l< It i 
wbiifi, up to tbe pr^aaiit, baa only l*>aiii a<U<|iiat< ly Irn 
Norwi'ui.in laiigoag'-, in an atti' In in tbn ^ oar 11 
Noiwtngiaii Club, t'l wbp li Mr. Slin^aby r.f. fa hia raa 
h" l« ViTy •iii;;uin'' l( bo ixiarta tiiat toaiij of 
look it up. 

Tba '.i/, ,ii/,i /t'.,i,i> hda a l<>iig artu le nn tiw Kik 
Krit ■iiiiii'.t. 'iiid nmkea s"iiiii ingenioiia i«l<'ulati"na 

the luctint sale of l.'i.lHIII iiipiia "ll tb* inatallllVIlt ajati 

Aa the work < onaiata of '.'.'< toliinna, th« tol«l 
voliiliiea thus Mild la :i7''i,l<kl. Tbe waiulil of una a< I 
111 ITi'ilba, : tho totiil w< i;;lil <>f tbe l.'i.UU a.ta a. 
fore almost t,l7l.' t-'if The ah>'ll-ai'*i'<' o<i ii| ivl by 
bound <et in iiso by the pieai'iit writer la 'ift T^iii. , 
aliolf-sp.iie ii<'|iiired f'.r l.'i.lHII aiirh a4>ta la, than fi 
III niib's : or, if i ab iilat<«l at tbe Ihiikiieaa jaT «nli 
by the piibliabera if.,r Italf or full bindiiiK. i«^'a 
'Z\ iiuluis, and IA i in lies for tho index vi>lutiie tho I 
space reipiiriil. or the heiubt tbe I.'>,(Ol axta «'>uld 
pibil up, IS ne.irly 1 1 \ milea.or mu'li nwro tli.«n ta u •• 
ibove sen b'\ol of iiiiv iiK xiiitaiii "II tliia planet. It 
liorixont illy, and close togatber, the .TTft.JMO voln 
cover I riKal ami >*!> aipinre yania ..f ground. 

Some liguirs are also givvii .>a to the atoaily groi 
bulky W'irk "f refen-nce : - 

Tho |»ibliiiition ol the Hr«t <'«!ition "f thia b<vil 
ph'tiil in 1771 I"*''* years ago : it ron*i«t<»l "f 'A roli 
containin.: °.'.ii7<l |<uge*, and I*i0 cop|'»r platr*. T) 
ciiirunt, inliti'in conaista of 'J4 volume* 4t->. iif t^x 
H."iO pages eai-h, b<iside» an imb'x volume of iW pag 
of about °.'1,(I0U i>'<ges. 



FICTION. 



The author of M»;>'s TKkoKiur.s (the Mainiillaii 
•">s.) sbiiws an ingenuous desire to s«»e his rtJviewiTs tr 
the wniiien of his lo.ik, he kIimtv^s in hia |irefaip that 
thi'iu had to I'O mere lailies or ai-rsm ' Yet he a<1ila 

They are a.« goinl a.s it was |ios.sible to let then 
youni; coiintevi l>.'r"tliea Matilda Is a dear |"'r*on . ! 
true aiiit sMt>et : and the woman-, hild in " The 
l»ii<«l " is s*.||y bivable. What i-oiiM one do niort> .» 

Or say more ' Certainly not iiiii. h atioui ones female . 
.Villi Mr. Kisley's male (aTatuiagns ari- dciaa-ril'ol bv 
e<pial |uirtii'iilarity if with a little liiu cninplaooiicy. A 
•• The l*rofes.sur is a terrible aoiil with a capa< itji 



134 



LITERATURE. 



[August 



MipaKluitr- wxtuM \m that thvy arv all • little too iniuh liko Mch 
oUmt. To Ivciu aith, tlx-v at« all " iiiiulf in Onniianv °'~- • 
rummunitr of origin ahit )i tlir aiitJior jii«tih«« <>ii tliv j;n>iiii<l tlutt 
** lb* li(« o( oUivr natioiu in mom iiH-uiuiiktpiil witti mi. h - inner 
ralaairw|j4i«a." Imt ohirh inicht haw >iigi:t>«te>l t» liiiii tlit- ailvi»a- 
Ulitr, «ith a viv« to tii« aToi<UjM« of iiioiiotonv. of luiiiumhat 
varying th« >-|»ara«H«T of t)w iiiiK^r i-«t««ttt>|>ln«». T<h< many of 
thain, a((ain. Iivra Military life in old laxtleii till tiii-y waki- with a 
■tatt to diMOVi-r tliat tlicv an< o«fr forty \fari> nf h);p. ami at 
oOiV lirxxxivvl to fall iliaastixiinily in l<>n<. In the next |ilaii-. 
Ihav tio t loaely n-Mtiilde »nf aiititlMT in a iiniforni <Hneiitri>-ity of 
rh8ra<-t<Y ahich ia (."enerally carrieil to the iitiiiont doiimlii of the 
(antaHir ami o»-ajii«>nally chmwiii the fr<>ntii'r of tho iiii|>oiuiilile. 
And, la«tly, tlifir trapi<<li«>* ar«« m> ofton crt-atwl I'y Uii-ir own 
i<lio«yik-nuir«- «hi<'li an« UieniwIx'eK. i<t it>iin«>. Ilio arhitrary 
irr«ti<4i of thr author— and la< k ihi iiiiu Ii of thnt cli-iiipnt of the 
rxtrrnal inevitalili* ahitli in tlif triiv ti-kfiic, thnt tlu'V fail one 
affv am>t)HT to iiii|>rv-iu> ii« « itli a M>nm> of their n-ality. Noithor 
•• The Man Who l"an-«l." imr "Tho Mnii Who Slurred,"' nor 
'• Th«> Man Who Foil " has n«lly any ii(;ht to lli^ trasoily at all : 
ami tiH>u{;h the trac(«1y of " The Man Who Hat«'<l " is roniinon 
<-iH>itgh in r<«l lift- the nianm'r of iti< evolution is haidly plansililo 
•ni>ii);h even for a fairy tale. At the aaino time, it is only 
fair to admit that there ar»' one or two exiojitions to the pencral 
I iiaraa-ter of thexe niiK' little stiHlies in the " lurid." " The 
Man Who ltor»." for instani-e. is a strong jiie<-«' of work 
ranwling no little* dramatir [Hiwer : and it enii-um-jos the 
ho]«> that, if Mr. Kisley ihu iiinnii;;e to it'sist tho s|xviiilly 
niotlem teiii|itjition to the eternal liiuiin', hihI repress soine- 
«lMt of his too persistent stminin); after the impressive in 
hi* dial<if;iie and iles<riptions,lie may one day loiim to lianille tlio 
ahort story with i<Misi<|pnilile effi^-t. Hut lie should renoiiixo the 
pnM-tit-e of i«vie« ing his own IxKiks in their prtfiues. If the text 
ikws iDit it»eH im|>rass us with the fw-t that his female clianu-t^'is 
are '* daar |»nmns," •• true and sweet," " sadly lovahle," and 
IIm* roat of it, their author's testimonial to their ehanutcrs will 
leav-e us uiKonvitiix'd. 



LiKK A>urHEB Hklkn, hy Sydney C. (.irier (Willium 
Bliu-iwouil, Ca.). In this history of the i-ruel misfortunes 
and umleM-rvMl diatresM-s of u young lady of virtue and sensi- 
liility, resident at Ifc-ngsl during the t* rrible years 17&V57, 
wh bare, at in the recent Et4:liingliam I<vtters. a reversion to tin- 
old faahion of epiatohtry tii-tion. Tlie writer has taken Kichaitlson 
for bar moalel, and baa imitate*! him too clow-ly in the matter of 
Itiigth. Rat she ha* CHUglit very successfully the lightt'cntli- 
eeotury atmosphere and atyle. The heroine in her early lett<'iN 
exhibits tlie •cntimontul sighings of a Kian)ing-i4'hool Miss and 
the elegant advantures of a Calcutta toast, and thus, wu ]irotcsl. 
without any «a<Titica' of her punctilio, provides us with pn digiou.t 
entertainment. These frivolities form a vivid intro<hi(-toiy 
fontrwat to tlia liorroniof tlie historii-al tragt-ily in which Mistress 
Kylvia Vn-yno prcaeiitly finds herwlf involve<l. The writiT 
deMcriIca witli vniphaaia and aix-uracy the liungling, and worse 
Uiaa liungling, which le*! t<i the fall of Cah-utta and our 
suliaaipient revenge. There is, at any rate, usually goo<) authority 
for her views, and as a writer of fiitioii she is entitled to iiiiicli 
greaU-r liberties than she takes. The roailer will ki«p Uiis 
striking picture of eightet-nthii-ntury Calcutta on the same shelf 
as " (>n Um Face of the WaUts." 

Fkow THI! KaoAD Ai'BRh is a well got-iip little volume 
by Mr. J. H. Flatcber (Itichards, '2s.) containing a store of oni- 
Btiilaa or hartoniing* illustrative of rural life in Yorkshiri'. All 



to be slad, Uiough we fear tltat some 
" leach " for doctor, for example— will be ratli 
them. 

Of the usual ty|<>< of Nihilist novel is The Hl 
ItovAM K or Iti .ssiA, liy John K. l<eys (Sain|iao 
hut tlie IxHik is unusually readable. An origi 
intrmliioMl in the kidnapping of the Tsar, an 
siilwititution of a yuuiig Kngliahmaii in his pla4.-e. 

Thk Ak< aiuans, by H. C. Minchin (BIim 
^. lid.), consitta of chapters, the greati*r niimlH* 
already ap|xare«l in the Orfonl .Vu'ditiiir, wri 
afU>r the ukmIuI of the famous " IKilly Dialogue 
is light reailing, and not unamusing. 

Strange events liap|ien in imaginary countric 
land IS no exception t^i the rule. Mr. Christian 
to witness many ditetls of heixiism, drags us brf>a< 
numerous adventures, surrounds us with iiiyste 
surprises and alarms, in Thk Fokthkhh or V*i 
fts.). It is a familiar kind of tale, but the 
s|>e<'iman of its clajis. The illustrations are b] 

S|KM»<I. 

Tj-rolean heights will always retain their im.« 
t<i n<fivsli. For |i«<i]>le who cannot go t<i them 
will be to read al>out them, an<l thougii the st<ir) 
a strong one, iileasant <'nm|>anions for nii hoii 
found among the individuals to whom K^lith (!. I 
us in A Faii-Tv Coiktshii' (Warne, lis. tid.). Tl 
unsuitable to the languor of a summer afternoon. 

Mrs. Savile, the author of Ixivk thk 
Sonnensclioin, (is.), is happy in her duscripti 
life in Ireland and els<-w here, and her knowlcHlge 
plienonienon, a woman's heart, ap|ioars to Im' coi 
IS at her lK>st when she is least strenuous and leal 
but her plot strikes us a* over-ambitious and unc 

III Tai Ki \. by Fmily S. Loud (Sampsoi 
author depicts life in an island of tliu Kouth Sen 
knowle<lge of its beauties. Iiasing her tale, wl 
iiit4>reNting, u|ioii the ailveiitures of an Knglish 
cliance among tlio natives. The story of her ii 
loss of memory makes rather a large demand U|>< 
but the Nuncrstitious olieervanies and customs < 
well de»<Ti\)e<l. Tlie episodes which am conned 
rescue leave us iinmovol. Hut the conclusi<in is 



The publishers of Guy dc Maupassant have j 
an entirely new {losthumous volume of noarlj 
|iages, containing a sheaf of admirable uiipublish 
great writer Lk IHiUK Mii,on (Ollendorff. Fr. 
the lirst of a new series of volume* by de Maupai 
to lie editeil from tho pn|>ers which he left. 11 
doubt prolong here Homutliing of the delight niti 
the last few days in Paris, the ap|H'araiice of tb 
Maupaasant on a ririit <l< iHiroitii lias Ikoii grc 
collection of tales contains work hardly inferi 
masteriiiccvH in " La Maiaon Tellier,'' and unifo 
that of " Im Main tlaudie." A curious inter 
ceiiain of the briefer stories in this volume. TIm; 
the first skclchcK for '• Liie Vic." 



Corresponbence, 

— ♦ — 

PRIMITIVE CONSTELLATI 

TO THE KUITOK. 

Sir, May I make one remark on the n^viev 

Constellations" in LiUnidin ? The reviewer s 

etymologies as .liipiter the lattiT half of {h6c 

.liiilinii." I don't know what ]Hissage he is quo 



AugUHt 5, 1899.] 



LITEIIATUKE, 



Kiiil, rii<>r«ov«r, livn in tliu roiinlr;, I «■■■ not mi amhitioiu » 
)Mtf,'Knr im to nx\xui. jii«ti<'« frimi tli» nittjority "f LcMnl^n critir*. 
I I'liiil iiiiiuh inoro of it nil till! < 'iiiitiiimit, wlicri' tlin rrilu kiio**, 
or, lit III! I'Viiiito, rkrtm, littli' itlMMit mir |>iiiaiii^ iiuiiilitr (a*liloii> 
■ III rlii|iliiii. ^ oiiro, tlo , 

HOMT. imoWN, Ji M. 
l'rl<<iitf{»t«-lioiiiii, IUrtoii-i>n-Hiiiiili«r, .lul) :hi 

•»• Mr. Holmrt llrown'a unnU nn- tlm folloniiiK (|> %V\) , Im 
In trinalntin^ n .wlm'ti'il toxt : 

il,l l,-lh.,l.,,<„ltl„r { J..f„tr,) 

tlii'-^txl lln' Olil-iliiM-iK-i.t-tlii'-fiiirowof-lirnvi-ii 

Tliti Nynibol in coniituiitly iiu-^l in tlii» Ixu'k for " i'tjrmolo);ii ully 

(Hlllivulunt ": '•!!■, )>' 'M^, \\ . hili'lil (Sr. hrjiln ; |i, 'A, .\-kriiuii 
•-/(JlAii'wif-iui/ir. Wliiit olno ilnoN it iiii'iin in tlia {••wti;*' 'I'lotxal ? 
If Mr. Hrown ineitnt (hut JupittT w»n tlii> l.ntin n.itno of th<i 
pliini<t III! .should not hnvn iifii'<l his own symlMil for i<t\nio|n|'it'ul 
««|uivHlnntfl. Tlii< »ii|K<rtii'i»l insiiiiblanro lM<tw<M<n .;"■/. /.ir kihI 
./ii^iiVri' in BH ^I'oitt UN b«it»<<«n otlicr imirs Hhii°h Mr llrown han 
iili'DtilUxl. Mr. Hrown h:is ii'«sl thi< |i)inisi> uhirti Ix'-.t >iiits his 
(itymohigiciil aiiKg'xtloiiH. 

Mr. Hrown in iiiiKtaki'ii in ■n|i|Hi«iii); that jimtii-K is not iV'Xw 
to r«'*iih<nt§ i